On this Day in History ... 31 January

31 Jan is in January.

1308 Boulogne Agreement

1547 Death of Henry VIII Accession of Edward VI

1606 Gunpowder Plot

1667 Poll Bill

1874 Wedding of Prince Alfred and Grand Duchess Maria of Russia

On 31 Jan 1030 William "Great" V Duke Aquitaine (age 61) died. His son William VI Duke Aquitaine (age 26) succeeded VI Duke Aquitaine.

Boulogne Agreement

On 31 Jan 1308 King Edward II of England (age 23) and a group of England's leading nobles signed the Boulogne Agreement that attempted to curtail King Edward's (age 23) rule. The signatories included Antony Bek, Bishop of Durham and Patriarch of Jerusalem (age 63), John Warenne 7th Earl Surrey (age 21), Aymer de Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke (age 33), Henry Lacy 4th Earl Lincoln, Earl Salisbury (age 57) and Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick (age 36).

On 31 Jan 1351 Richard Lovel (age 75) died. Baron Lovel of Castle Cary extinct.

On 31 Jan 1408 or 01 Feb 1408 John de Lisle 5th Baron Lisle (age 41) died. His son John de Lisle 6th Baron Lisle (age 22) succeeded 6th Baron Lisle 1C 1299.

Chronicle of Gregory 1447. 31 Jan 1447. Ande in that same yere there was an armyrer and hys owne man fought whythe yn the lystys in Smethefylde [Map] the laste day of Januer, ande there the mayster was slayne and dyspoylyde owte of hys harnys, and lay stylle in the fylde alle that day and that nyght next folowynge. And thenne afty[r]ward, by the kyngys (age 25) commaundement, he was d[r]awyn, hanggyde, and be-heddyde, and hys hedde sette on London Brygge [Map], and the body hynggyng a-bove erthe be-syde the towre.

Death of Henry VIII Accession of Edward VI

Annales of England by John Stow. 28 Jan 1547. Edward (age 9) the first borne at Hampton court [Map] (by the decease of k. Henry (age 55) his father) began his raigne the 28 of January, and was proclaimed k. of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, and of the churches of England and also of Ireland the supreme head immedlatly in earth under God, & on the last day of January, in the yere of Christ after the Church of England 1546 but after the accompt of them that begin the yere at Chatfimas 1547 being then of the age of nine yéeres. And the same day in the afternoone the saide young king came to the tower of London [Map] from Hertford, and rode into the City at Aldgate, and so along the wall by the crossed Friars [Map] to the Tower hill, & entred at the red bulwarke [Map], where be was received by sir John Gage (age 67) constable of the tower, and the lieutenant on horseback, the Earle of Hertford (age 47) riding before the king, and sir Anthony Browne (age 47) riding after him: and on the bridge next the warde gate, the archbishop of Canterbury (age 57), the lorde Chancellor (age 41), with other great lords of the Councell received him, and so brought him to his chamber of pretence, there they were sworne to his majesty.

After 31 Jan 1547 Catherine Parr Queen Consort England (age 34) resided at Old Manor.

PAINTINGS/JOHN/Katherine_Parr.jpg PAINTINGS/UNKNOWN/Katherine_Parr2.jpg

On 31 Jan 1580 Henrique Aviz Cardinal King Portugal (age 68) died bringing to an end the House of Aviz. He was succeeded by Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain (age 52) who was elected successor in 1581 following a military invasion of Portugal in Nov 1580.


Between 05 Nov 1598 and 31 Jan 1599 William Hervey 1st Baron Hervey (age 34) and Mary Browne Countess Southampton (age 46) were married. Her third husband.


Gunpowder Plot

On 31 Jan 1606 at Old St Paul's Cathedral Churchyard [Map] Thomas Wintour (age 35) and Guy Fawkes (age 35) were hanged, drawn and quartered.


On 07 Aug 1616 William Savage (age 62) died. He was buried at St Mary the Virgin Church, Elmley [Map].

On 31 Jan 1631 Giles Savage (age 46) died. He was buried at St Mary the Virgin Church, Elmley [Map].

On 11 Jun 1674 Katherine Dalston (age 84) died (she the wife of Giles Savage (age 31)) at Elmley Castle. She was buried at St Mary the Virgin Church, Elmley [Map].

Alabaster table tomb with father, son and daughter-in-law. She holding a Chrisom Child probably representing stillborn, or died soon after birth. At their feet two lions and what is described as a stag with an arrow through its neck.

On 29 Jan 1622 Francis Norreys 1st Earl Berkshire (age 42) shot himself with a crossbow at Rycote [Map]; probably deliberately.

On 31 Jan 1622 Francis Norreys 1st Earl Berkshire (age 42) died of the wounds he had received two days earlier. He was buried at Dorchester on Thames [Map]. His daughter Elizabeth Norreys 3rd Baroness Norreys Rycote (age 19) succeeded 3rd Baroness Norreys Rycote. Earl Berkshire 1C 1621 and Viscount Thame extinct.

On 31 Jan 1663 John Spelman (age 56) died. On 12 Jun 1649 Anne Heveningham died. They were buried in All Saints Church Narborough [Map].

John Spelman: On 12 Sep 1606 he was born to Clement Spelman of Narborough and Ursula Willoughby (age 13). Before 01 Aug 1640 John Spelman (age 33) and Anne Heveningham were married. In 1645 John Spelman (age 38) was elected MP Castle Rising in the Long Parliament. In 1660 John Spelman (age 53) was elected MP Castle Rising in the Convention Parliament.

Anne Heveningham: She was born to John Heveningham of Ketteringham and Alice Shelton.

Poll Bill

Pepy's Diary. 31 Jan 1667. Thus the month ends: myself in very good health and content of mind in my family. All our heads full in the office at this dividing of the Comptroller's duty, so that I am in some doubt how it may prove to intrench upon my benefits, but it cannot be much. The Parliament, upon breaking up, having given the King (age 36) money with much ado, and great heats, and neither side pleased, neither King nor them. The imperfection of the Poll Bill, which must be mended before they rise, there being several horrible oversights to the prejudice of the King (age 36), is a certain sign of the care anybody hath of the King's business. Prince Rupert (age 47) very ill, and to be trepanned on Saturday next. Nobody knows who commands the fleete next year, or, indeed, whether we shall have a fleete or no. Great preparations in Holland and France, and the French have lately taken Antego1 from us, which vexes us. I am in a little care through my at last putting a great deal of money out of my hands again into the King's upon tallies for Tangier, but the interest which I wholly lost while in my trunk is a temptation while things look safe, as they do in some measure for six months, I think, and I would venture but little longer.

Note 1. Antigua, one of the West India Islands (Leeward Islands), discovered by Columbus in 1493, who is said to have named it after a church at Seville called Santa Maria la Antigua. It was first settled by a few English families in 1632, and in 1663 another settlement was made under Lord Willoughby, to whom the entire island was granted by Charles II In 1666 it was invaded by a French force, which laid waste all the settlement. It was reconquered by the English, and formally restored to them by the treaty of Breda.

On 31 Jan 1688 David Murray 5th Viscount of Stormont (age 23) and Marjory Scott Viscountess Stormont were married.

Evelyn's Diary. 31 Jan 1689. At our church (the next day being appointed a thanksgiving for deliverance by the Prince of Orange (age 38), with prayers purposely composed), our lecturer preached in the afternoon a very honest sermon, showing our duty to God for the many signal deliverances of our Church, without touching on politics.


Before 31 Jan 1702 Alan Brodrick 1st Viscount Midleton (age 46) and Lucy Courthorpe were married.

On 31 Jan 1702 Alan Brodrick 2nd Viscount Midleton was born to Alan Brodrick 1st Viscount Midleton (age 46) and Lucy Courthorpe.

On 31 Jan 1705 Robert Lucas 3rd Baron Shenfield (age 55) died. Baron Lucas of Shenfield extinct.

Before 31 Jan 1720 Thomas Grey 2nd Earl Stamford (age 66) and Elizabeth Harvey were divorced amid accusations of adultery.

On 31 Jan 1720 Thomas Grey 2nd Earl Stamford (age 66) died. On 31 Jan 1720 His first cousin Henry Grey 3rd Earl Stamford (age 34) succeeded 3rd Earl Stamford, 4th Baron Grey of Groby 1603. Dorothy Wright Countess Stamford (age 35) by marriage Countess Stamford.


On 31 Jan 1724 Jacob Bouverie 1st Viscount Folkestone (age 29) and Mary Clarke were married at St Paul's Cathedral [Map].

On 26 Feb 1746 Thomas Watson 3rd Earl Rockingham (age 30) died without issue. Earl Rockingham extinct. His first cousin once removed Thomas Watson 1st Marquess Rockingham (age 52) succeeded 6th Baron Rockingham of Northampton, 6th Baronet Watson of Rockingham Castle in Northamptonshire. He left his estates to his first cousin Lewis Watson 1st Baron Sondes (age 17) who changed his surname from Monson to Watson on 31 Jan 1751.

On 31 Jan 1768 Richard Colley aka Wesley 1st Baron Mornington (age 78) died. His son Garrett Wellesley 1st Earl Mornington (age 32) succeeded 2nd Baron Mornington.

On 31 Jan 1785 Henry Pelham-Clinton 4th Duke Newcastle-under-Lyme was born to Thomas Pelham-Clinton 3rd Duke Newcastle-under-Lyme (age 32) and Anna Maria Stanhope Countess Lincoln in Walton. He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.


On 31 Jan 1830 Bishop John Luxmoore (age 64) died. Memorial at St Asaph Cathedral.

On 31 Jan 1837 Ferdinand Dalberg-Acton 7th Baronet (age 35) died. His son John Dalberg-Acton 1st Baron Acton (age 3) succeeded 8th Baronet Acton of Aldenham Hall.

Adeline Horsey Recollections. It is said that few people achieve greatness, but that some have it thrust upon them. I can class myself with the latter, for I could have married a Prince of the Royal Family of Spain, the Count de Montemolin (age 26), who was at one time regarded as the rightful King of Spain.

Carlos Luis Fernando de Bourbon, Count de Montemolin (age 26), born 1818, was the eldest son of the first Infante Carlos María Isidro of Spain (age 45), the legitimist claimant to the Spanish throne on the death of his brother, Fernando VII (age 48), in 1833. After the ending of the first Carlist war in the defeat of the legitimists and the establishment of Isabella (age 14) on the throne, the old Infante Carlos María Isidro of Spain (age 56) retired into private life and abdicated his claims in 1845 to his eldest son Montemolin (age 26), who thus became the second Don Carlos. He was a young man of some ability but weak and unstable. There was a strong party in Spain desirous to bring about a reconciliation of the two branches of the Royal Family by a marriage between the young Queen Isabella (age 14) and her first cousin, Montemolin (age 26), but political passion and personal animosity stood in the way, and all Europe took part in the intrigue known as the Spanish Marriages. This ended of course in the disastrous marriage of Isabella (age 14) with her cousin Francisco, and that of her sister Infanta Luisa Fernanda Duchess of Montpensier (age 12) with the Due de Montpensier (age 20), the son of Louis Philippe (age 71), a defeat for English diplomacy which nearly caused a war with France. The Carlists had never been favourable to the idea of a marriage of Montemolin (age 26) and Isabella (age 14), whom they regarded as a usurper, and they looked out a legitimist Royal Princess for him. His younger brother, Infante Juan Count of Montizón (age 22), married Princess Beatrix of Modena, and their son was the late Don Carlos. Queen Isabella married in 1846, and dissensions very soon broke out between her and her wretched husband, who really, like most of the Royal Family, was a Carlist at heart. Montemolin had issued a manifesto at Bourges in France in 1845, when he saw that he could not marry Isabella (age 14) on his own terms, and his father had abdicated in the same year, and he soon after came to London, mustered his party, and began to organise a fresh Carlist rising in Spain. English diplomacy had suffered a great defeat and he found plenty of people here to help him; he was made much of in Society and became a lion for a time, being treated with full royal honours.

On 31 Jan 1862 Allen Bathurst 6th Earl Bathurst (age 29) and Meriel Warren (age 23) were married at the St Peter's Chapel, Tabley House [Map]. He a great x 4 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 31 Jan 1863 Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice 3rd Marquess Lansdowne (age 82) died. His son Henry Thomas Petty-Fitzmaurice 4th Marquess Lansdowne (age 47) succeeded 4th Marquess Lansdowne, 5th Earl Shelburne in County Wexford 2C 1753, 5th Earl Kerry. Emily Jane de Flahaut Marchioness Lansdowne (age 43) by marriage Marchioness Lansdowne.

On 31 Jan 1863 Lewis Vernon-Harcourt 1st Viscount Harcourt was born to William George Granville Harcourt (age 35) and Maria Thérese Lister at Nuneham House. His mother died a day after his birth.

Wedding of Prince Alfred and Grand Duchess Maria of Russia

Times Newspaper Marriages. 02 Feb 1874. THE MARRIAGE FESTIVITIES IN RUSSIA. ST. PETERSBURIG. Jan 31 Yesterday the Duke (age 29) and Maria Holstein Gottorp Romanov (age 20), the Prince (age 32) and Princess of Wales (age 29), and Prince Arthur (age 23) were present with all the Imperial family at the ball given by the Cesarewvitch. The Prince of Wales (age 32) wore the uniform of the Norfolk Militia and Prince Arthur (age 23) that of the Rifle Brigade. This evening a grand dinner, to which 400 guests are invited, will be given by the British Ambassador to the Crown Prince and Princess of Germany and Prince Arthur. Later on in the evening all the English Princes will go to the ball given at the Hall of the Nobles at 9:30.

On 12 Jan 1884 Robert Nicholas Hamond (age 74) died. On 01 Mar 1893 his wife Sophia Caroline Musters (age 71) died.

On 13 Dec 1869 Anthony Hamond (age 65) died. On 31 Jan 1900 his wife Mary Anne Musters (age 77) died.

On 30 Mar 1895 Anthony Hamond (age 61) died.

Memorials in All Saints Church, West Acre [Map].

On 31 Jan 1888 Herbrand Arthur Sackville 11th Duke Bedford (age 29) and Mary Caurroy Tribe Duchess Bedford were married at Barrackpore. He the son of Francis Russell 9th Duke Bedford (age 68) and Elizabeth Sackville-West Duchess Bedford (age 69). He a great x 5 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.


On 31 Jan 1929 Frederick Lambton 4th Earl Durham (age 73) died. His son John Frederick Lambton 5th Earl Durham (age 44) succeeded 5th Earl Durham.

On 31 Jan 1944 John Beresford 5th Baron Decies (age 77) died. His son Arthur Beresford 6th Baron Decies (age 28) succeeded 6th Baron Decies of Decies in Waterford.

On 31 Jan 2018 Peter King 5th Earl of Lovelace (age 66) died. Earl Lovelace extinct.