On this Day in History ... 11 June
On 11 Jun 1279 Robert Ufford 1st Baron Ufford 1279-1316 was born.
On 11 Jun 1349 William Montagu 1st Earl Salisbury 1301-1349 (48) died. His son William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397 (20) succeeded 2nd Earl Salisbury (2C 1337), 4th Baron Montagu. Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (20) by marriage Countess Salisbury (2C 1337).
On 11 Jun 1381 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (14) held council with his mother Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (52), Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick 1338-1401 (43), William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397 (52), Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (35), Simon Sudbury Archbishop of Canterbury 1316-1381 (65) and Robert Hales 1325-1390 (56) at the Tower of London.
On 11 Jun 1393 Jean Bourbon I Count La Marche 1344-1393 (49) died. His son James Bourbon Count Le Marche 1370-1438 (23) succeeded Coun La Marche. His son Louis Bourbon 1st Count Vendôme, 1st Count Castres 1376-1446 (17) succeeded 1st Count Vendôme.
On 11 Jun 1411 Frederick "Empty Pockets" Habsburg 4th Duke Austria 1382-1439 (29) and Anna Unknown Duchess Austria -1432 were married. Anna Unknown Duchess Austria -1432 by marriage Duchess Austria.
On 11 Jun 1420 John Hohenzollern Burgrave Nuremburg 1369-1420 (51) died.
On 11 Jun 1429 Joan Arc 1412-1431 (17) and Jean Poton Xaintrailles 1390-1461 (39) fought at Jargeau, Loiret during the Battle of Jargeau. Alexander Pole -1429 was killed. William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (32) surrendered.
On 11 Jun 1430 Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 was born to Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (30) and Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 (28) at Much Hadham Palace, Much Hadham (which belonged to the Bishops of London). There is speculation that the biological father was Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (24) with whom Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 (28) was rumoured to have had an affair. Interesting, perhaps, that he was named Edmund rather than Owen. Interesting that he took the Royal Arms of England differenced. Also interesting that his younger brother was named Jasper; a Persian name meaning 'Keeper of the Treasure'.
On 11 Jun 1446 Henry Beauchamp 1st Duke Warwick 1425-1446 (21) died. His daughter Anne Beauchamp 15th Countess Warwick 1443-1448 (3) succeeded 15th Earl Warwick (1C 1088), 7th Baron Burghesh (2C 1330). She was buried at Reading Abbey.
On 11 Jun 1456 Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 was born to Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (28) and Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (29).
On 11 Jun 1467 the fighting on horseback took place witnessed by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (25). John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470 (40) was Master of the Ceremonies accompanied by John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (42). The day ended with the Bastard's (46) horse having being accidentally fatally injured by Lord Scales' saddle. .
On 11 Jun 1488 James III King Scotland 1451-1488 (36) was killed in action or attempting to escape, at the Battle of Sauchieburn. His son James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (15) succeeded IV King Scotland: Stewart.
On 11 Jun 1488 Alexander Stewart 3rd of Garlies -1500 fought at the Battle of Sauchieburn. Alexander Cunningham 1st Earl Glencairn 1426-1488 (62) was killed at the Battle of Sauchieburn. Robert Cunningham 2nd Earl Glencairn 1451-1490 (37) succeeded 2nd Earl Glencairn.
On 11 Jun 1557 John III King Portugal 1502-1557 (55) died. His grandson Sebastian King Portugal 1554-1578 (3) succeeded King Portugal: Aviz. Sebastian's paternal grandmother Catherine of Austria Queen Consort Portugal 1507-1578 (50) acted as Regent during his minority being replaced by Henrique Aviz Cardinal King Portugal 1512-1580 (45) when she resigned in 1562.
On 11 Jun 1560 Mary of Guise Queen Consort Scotland 1515-1560 (44) died at Edinburgh Castle.
On 11 Jun 1570 Mary Percy 1570-1643 was born to Thomas Percy 7th Earl of Northumberland 1528-1572 (42) and Anne Somerset Countess Northumberland 1538-1596 (32).
On 11 Jun 1594 Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Ardglass 1594-1653 was born to Edward Cromwell 3rd Baron Cromwell Oakham 1560-1607 (34) and Francis Rugge Baroness Cromwell Oakham -1631.
John Evelyn's Diary 1652 June. 11 Jun 1652. About four in the afternoon, being at bowls on the green, we discovered a vessel which proved to be that in which my wife (17) was, and which got into the harbor about eight that evening, to my no small joy. They had been three days at sea, and escaped the Dutch fleet, through which they passed, taken for fishers, which was great good fortune, there being seventeen bales of furniture and other rich plunder, which I bless God came all safe to land, together with my wife (17), and my Lady Browne (42), her mother, who accompanied her. My wife (17) being discomposed by having been so long at sea, we set not forth toward home till the 14th, when, hearing the smallpox was very rife in and about London, and Lady Browne (42) having a desire to drink Tunbridge waters, I carried them thither, and stayed in a very sweet place, private and refreshing, and took the waters myself till the 23d, when I went to prepare for their reception, leaving them for the present in their little cottage by the Wells.
The weather being hot, and having sent my man on before, I rode negligently under favor of the shade, till, within three miles of Bromley, at a place called the Procession Oak, two cutthroats started out, and striking with long staves at the horse, and taking hold of the reins, threw me down, took my sword, and hauled me into a deep thicket, some quarter of a mile from the highway, where they might securely rob me, as they soon did. What they got of money, was not considerable, but they took two rings, the one an emerald with diamonds, the other an onyx, and a pair of buckles set with rubies and diamonds, which were of value, and after all bound my hands behind me, and my feet, having before pulled off my boots; they then set me up against an oak, with most bloody threats to cut my throat if I offered to cry out, or make any noise; for they should be within hearing, I not being the person they looked for. I told them that if they had not basely surprised me they should not have had so easy a prize, and that it would teach me never to ride near a hedge, since, had I been in the midway, they dared not have adventured on me; at which they cocked their pistols, and told me they had long guns, too, and were fourteen companions. I begged for my onyx, and told them it being engraved with my arms would betray them; but nothing prevailed. My horse's bridle they slipped, and searched the saddle, which they pulled off, but let the horse graze, and then turning again bridled him and tied him to a tree, yet so as he might graze, and thus left me bound. My horse was perhaps not taken, because he was marked and cropped on both ears, and well known on that road. Left in this manner, grievously was I tormented with flies, ants, and the sun, nor was my anxiety little how I should get loose in that solitary place, where I could neither hear nor see any creature but my poor horse and a few sheep straggling in the copse.
After near two hours attempting, I got my hands to turn palm to palm, having been tied back to back, and then it was long before I could slip the cord over my wrists to my thumb, which at last I did, and then soon unbound my feet, and saddling my horse and roaming a while about, I at last perceived dust to rise, and soon after heard the rattling of a cart, toward which I made, and, by the help of two countrymen, I got back into the highway. I rode to Colonel Blount's, a great justiciary of the times, who sent out hue and cry immediately. The next morning, sore as my wrists and arms were, I went to London, and got 500 tickets printed and dispersed by an officer of Goldsmiths' Hall, and within two days had tidings of all I had lost, except my sword, which had a silver hilt, and some trifles. The rogues had pawned one of my rings for a trifle to a goldsmith's servant, before the tickets came to the shop, by which means they escaped; the other ring was bought by a victualer, who brought it to a goldsmith, but he having seen the ticket seized the man. I afterward discharged him on his protestation of innocence. Thus did God deliver me from these villains, and not only so, but restored what they took, as twice before he had graciously done, both at sea and land, I mean when I had been robbed by pirates, and was in danger of a considerable loss at Amsterdam; for which, and many, many signal preservations, I am extremely obliged to give thanks to God my Savior.
On 11 Jun 1660 John Culpepper 1st Baron Culpeper 1600-1660 (60) died. His son Thomas Culpepper 2nd Baron Culpepper 1635-1689 (25) succeeded 2nd Baron Culpeper of Thoresway in Lincolnshire.
On 11 Jun 1662 John Drummond 2nd Earl Perth 1588-1662 (74) died. His son James Drummond 3rd Earl Perth 1615-1675 (47) succeeded 3rd Earl Perth.
John Evelyn's Diary 1666 June. 11 Jun 1666. Trinity Monday, after a sermon, applied to the remeeting of the Corporation of the Trinity-House, after the late raging and wasting pestilence: I dined with them in their new room in Deptford, the first time since it was rebuilt.
On 11 Jun 1674 Katherine Dalston 1590-1674 (84) died (she the wife of Giles Savage 1585-1631) at Elmley Castle, Elmley. She buried at St Mary the Virgin Church, Elmley. Alabaster Table Tomb. She holding a Chrisom Child probably representing stillborn, or died soon after birth. At their feet two lions and what is described as a stag with an arrow through its neck.
John Evelyn's Diary 1683 June. 11 Jun 1683. The Lord Dartmouth (10) was elected Master of the Trinity House; son to George Legge (36), late Master of the Ordnance, and one of the grooms of the bedchamber; a great favorite of the Duke's (49), an active and understanding gentleman in sea affairs.
On 11 Jun 1691 Richard Kidder Bishop 1633-1703 (58) was elected Bishop of Bath and Wells.
On 11 Jun 1694 Thomas Willoughby 1694-1742 was born to Thomas Willoughby 1st Baron Middleton 1672-1729 (22) and Elizabeth Rothwell Baroness Willoughby Broke, Baroness Middleton.
John Evelyn's Diary 1696 June. 11 Jun 1696. Dined at Lord Pembroke's (40), Lord Privy Seal, a very worthy gentleman. He showed me divers rare pictures of very many of the old and best masters, especially one of M. Angelo of a man gathering fruit to give to a woman, and a large book of the best drawings of the old masters. Sir John Fenwick (51), one of the conspirators, was taken. Great subscriptions in Scotland to their East India Company. Want of current money to carry on the smallest concerns, even for daily provisions in the markets. Guineas lowered to twenty-two shillings, and great sums daily transported to Holland, where it yields more, with other treasure sent to pay the armies, and nothing considerable coined of the new and now only current stamp, cause such a scarcity that tumults are every day feared, nobody paying or receiving money; so imprudent was the late Parliament to condemn the old though clipped and corrupted, till they had provided supplies. To this add the fraud of the bankers and goldsmiths, who having gotten immense riches by extortion, keep up their treasure in expectation of enhancing its value. Duncombe, not long since a mean goldsmith, having made a purchase of the late Duke of Buckingham's estate at nearly £90,000, and reputed to have nearly as much in cash. Banks and lotteries every day set up.
John Evelyn's Diary 1699. 11 Jun 1699. After a long drought, we had a refreshing shower. The day before, there was a dreadful fire at Rotherhithe, near the Thames side, which burned divers ships, and consumed nearly three hundred houses. Now died the famous Duchess of Mazarin (53); she had been the richest lady in Europe. She was niece of Cardinal Mazarin, and was married to the richest subject in Europe (67), as is said. She was born at Rome, educated in France, and was an extraordinary beauty and wit but dissolute and impatient of matrimonial restraint, so as to be abandoned by her husband (67), and banished, when she came into England for shelter, lived on a pension given her here, and is reported to have hastened her death by intemperate drinking strong spirits. She has written her own story and adventures, and so has her other extravagant sister (59), wife to the noble family of Colonna.
On 11 Jun 1721 Thomas Howard 14th Earl Suffolk, 7th Earl Berkshire 1721-1783 was born to Henry Bowes Howard 4th Earl Berkshire, 11th Earl Suffolk 1686-1757 (35) and Catherine Graham Countess Berkshire, Countess Suffolk.
On 11 Jun 1724 Pattee Byng 2nd Viscount Torrington 1699-1747 (25) and Charlotte Montagu Viscountess Torrington 1705-1759 (19) were married.
On 11 Jun 1726 Infanta Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain 1726-1746 was born to Philippe V King Spain 1683-1746 (42) and Elisabeth Farnese Queen Consort Spain 1692-1766 (33).
On 11 Jun 1727 George I King Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727 (67) died. His son King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760 (43) succeeded II King Great Britain and Ireland: Hanover. Caroline Hohenzollern Queen Consort England 1683-1737 (44) by marriage Queen Consort England.
On 11 Jun 1731 Richard Tylney 1st Earl Tylney 1680-1780 (51) was created 1st Earl Tylney of Castlemaine in County Kerry, 1st Viscount Castlemaine in County Kerry, 1st Baron Newtown in County Donegal. Dorothy Glynne Countess Tylney by marriage Countess Tylney of Castlemaine in County Kerry.
On 11 Jun 1734 William Bentinck 2nd Duke Portland 1709-1762 (25) and Margaret Cavendish Harley 2nd Duchess Portland 1715-1785 (19) were married at St Peter aka Oxford Chapel, Vere Street, Marylebone. Margaret Cavendish Harley 2nd Duchess Portland 1715-1785 (19) by marriage 2nd Duchess Portland.
On 11 Jun 1758 Seymour Finch 1758-1794 was born to Heneage Finch 3rd Earl Aylesford 1715-1777 (42) and Charlotte Seymour Countess Aylesford 1728-1761 (27).
On 11 Jun 1784 Catherine Compton Countess Egmont 1731-1784 (53) died at Langley. Her son Charles George Perceval 2nd Baron Arden, 1st Baron Arden Arden 1756-1840 (27) succeeded 2nd Baron Arden of Lohort Castle in County Cork.
On 11 Jun 1794 Charlotte Lee Viscountess Dillon 1724-1794 (70) died.
On 11 Jun 1797 Francis Nathaniel Conyngham 2nd Marquess Conyngham 1797-1876 was born to Henry Conyngham 1st Marquess Conyngham 1766-1832 (30) and Elizabeth Denison Marchioness Conyngham 1770-1861 (27).
On 11 Jun 1799 Edward Chichester 4th Marquess Donegal 1799-1889 was born to George Chichester 2nd Marquess Donegal 1769-1844 (29) at Great Cumberland Place.
On 11 Jun 1834 George Rice-Trevor 4th Baron Dynevor 1795-1869 (38) was awarded as Doctor of Civil Law.
On 11 Jun 1834 Francis Thomas Cowper 7th Earl Cowper 1834-1905 was born to George Augustus Frederick Cowper 6th Earl Cowper 1806-1856 (27) and Ann Florence Robinson 6th Countess Cowper.
On 11 Jun 1874 James Henry Robert Innes-Kerr 7th Duke Roxburghe 1839-1892 (34) and Anne Emily Spencer-Churchill Duchess Roxburghe 1854-1923 (19) were married. Anne Emily Spencer-Churchill Duchess Roxburghe 1854-1923 (19) by marriage Duchess Roxburghe.
On 11 Jun 1876 Lawrence John Lumley Dundas 2nd Marquess Zetland 1876-1961 was born to Lawrence Dundas 1st Marquess Zetland 1844-1929 (31) and Lilian Selina Elizabeth Lumley Marchioness Zetland 1851-1943 (24).
On 11 Jun 1889 William Cavendish-Bentinck 6th Duke Portland 1857-1943 (31) and Winifred Anna Dallas-Yorke 6th Duchess Portland 1863-1954 (25) were married. Winifred Anna Dallas-Yorke 6th Duchess Portland 1863-1954 (25) by marriage 6th Duchess Portland.
On 11 Jun 1890 John Granville Cornwallis Eliot 6th Earl St Germans 1890- was born to Henry Cornwallis Eliot 5th Earl St Germans 1835-1911 (55) and Emily Harriet Labouchere 4th Countess St Germans 1844-1933 (45) at 13 Grosvenor Gardens, Belgravia.
On 11 Jun 1891 Lillian Winifred Grey 1891-1895 was born to Albert Henry George Grey 4th Earl Grey 1851-1917 (39) and Alice Holford Countess Grey -1944.
On 11 Jun 1907 Everard Aloysius Gonzaga Arundell 13th Baron Arundel Wardour 1834-1907 (72) died. His second-cousin once-removed Edgar Clifford Arundell 14th Baron Arundel Wardour 1859-1921 (47) succeeded 14th Baron Arundel Wardour in Wiltshire. Ellen Elizabeth Thatcher Baroness Arundel Wardour by marriage Baroness Arundel Wardour in Wiltshire.
On 11 Jun 1918 John Granville Cornwallis Eliot 6th Earl St Germans 1890- and Blanche Linnie Fitzroy Countess St Germans 1897-1968 (21) were married (he was her third-cousin once-removed). Blanche Linnie Fitzroy Countess St Germans 1897-1968 (21) by marriage Countess St Germans.