Biography of Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland 1341-1408

Paternal Family Tree: Reginar aka Percy

Maternal Family Tree: Aoife NI Diarmait Macmurrough Countess Pembroke and Buckingham 1145-1188

1366 Creation of Garter Knights

1397 Battle of Otterburn

1398 Thomas Mowbray Duel

1399 Richard II's Last Will

1399 Abdication of Richard II

1399 Coronation of Henry IV

1401 Parliament Henry IV 2: 31 The Names of the Lords Present

1402 Battle of Homildon Hill

1403 Battle of Shrewsbury

1408 Battle of Bramham Moor

On 14 Jul 1323 Ralph Greystoke 1st Baron Greystoke (age 23) died at Gateshead, County Durham. Possibly poisoned by a rebel knight. He was buried at Newminster Abbey [Map]. His son [his future brother-in-law] William Greystoke 2nd Baron Greystoke (age 2) succeeded 2nd Baron Greystoke.

After 14 Jul 1323 [his future brother-in-law] William Greystoke 2nd Baron Greystoke (age 2) and Lucy de Lucy Baroness Greystoke were married. She by marriage Baroness Greystoke. He a great x 4 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

Froissart. 1339. When the Friday came in the morning, both hosts apparelled themselves ready, and every lord heard mass among their own companies and divers were shriven.

First we will speak of the order of the Englishmen, who drew them forward into the field and made three battles afoot, and did put all their horses and baggages into a little wood behind them, and fortified it. The first battle led1 the duke of Gueldres, the marquis of Meissen, the marquis of Brandebourg, sir John of Hainault, the earl of Mons, the earl of Salm, the lord of Fauquemont, sir William of Duvenvoorde, sir Arnold of Baquehem and the Almains; and among them was twenty-two banners and sixty pennons in the whole, and eight thousand men. The second battle had the duke of Brabant and the lords and knights of his country - first the lord of Cuyk, the lord Berg, the lord of Breda, the lord of Rotselaer, the lord of Vorsselaer, the lord of Borgneval, the lord of Schoonvorst, the lord of Witham, the lord of Aerschot, the lord of Gaesbeck, the lord of Duffel, sir Thierry of Walcourt, sir Rasse of Gres, sir John of Kesterbeke, sir John Pyliser, sir Giles of Coterebbe, sir Walter of Huldeberg, the three brethren of Harlebeke, sir Henry of Flanders, and divers other barons and knights of Flanders, who were all under the duke of Brabant's banner, as the lord of Halewyn, the lord of Gruthuse, sir Hector Vilain, sir John of Rhodes, sir Wulfart of Ghistelles, sir William of Straten, sir Gossuin de la Moere, and many other: the duke of Brabant had a twenty-four banners and eighty pennons, and in all a seven thousand men. The third battle and the greatest had the king of England and with him his [his uncle] cousin the earl of Derby (age 29), the bishop of Lincoln (age 47), the bishop of Durham, the earl of Salisbury (age 38), the earl of Northampton (age 29), and of Gloucester (age 48), the earl of Suffolk (age 40), sir Robert d'Artois (age 52), as then called earl of Richmond5, the lord Raynold Cobham (age 44), the lord Percy, the lord Ros (age 54), the lord Mowbray (age 28), sir Lewis and sir John Beauchamp, the lord Delaware (age 62), the lord of Langton, the lord Basset, the lord Fitzwalter, sir Walter Manny (age 29), sir Hugh Hastings (age 29), sir John Lisle (age 20), and divers other that I cannot name: among other was sir John Chandos (age 19), of whom much honour is spoken in this book2. The king had with him twenty-eight banners and ninety pennons, and in his battle a six thousand men of arms and six thousand archers; and he had set another battle as in a wing, whereof the earl of Warwick (age 25), the earl of Pembroke (age 19), the lord Berkeley (age 43), the lord Multon and divers other were as chief, and they were on horseback3. Thus when every lord was under his banner, as it was commanded by the marshals, the king of England mounted on a palfrey, accompanied all only with sir Robert d'Artois (age 52), sir Raynold Cobham (age 44) and sir Walter of Manny, and rode along before all his battles, and right sweetly desired all his lords and other that they would that day aid to defend his honour. And they all promised him so to do. Then he returned to his own battle and set everything in good order and commanded that none should go before the marshals' banners.

Now let us speak of the lords of France, what they did. They were eleven score banners, four kings, six dukes, twenty-six earls, and more than four thousand knights, and of the commons of France more than sixty thousand. The kings that were there with king Philip of Valois was the king of Bohemia, the king of Navarre, and king David of Scotland: the duke of Normandy, the duke of Bretayne, the duke of Bourbon, the duke of Lorraine and the duke of Athens: 2 of earls, the earl of Alencon (age 42) brother to the king, the earl of Flanders, the earl of Hainault, the earl of Blois, the earl of Bar, the earl of Forez, the earl of Foix, the earl of Armagnac, the earl Dolphin of Auvergne, the earl of Joinville, the earl of Etampes, the earl of Vendome, the earl of Harcourt, the earl of Saint-Pol, the earl of Guines, the earl of Boulogne, the earl of Roucy, the earl of Dammartin, the earl of Valentinois, the earl of Auxerre, the earl of Sancerre, the earl of Geneva, the earl of Dreux; and of Gascoyne and of Languedoc so many earls and viscounts, that it were long to rehearse. It was a great beauty to behold the banners and standards waving in the wind, and horses barded, and knights and squires richly armed. The Frenchmen ordained three great battles, in each of them fifteen thousand men of arms and twenty thousand men afoot.

Note 1. Perhaps a misprint for 'had.' The original is 'eut.'

Note 2. In the later revision the writer says: 'I, Froissart, writer of these chronicles, more than once heard the gentle knight sir John Chandos say that he was made knight by the hand of the king Edward of England on this Friday that the assembly was at Buironfosse; and since that he was more valiant than any other who took arms on the side of the English, I make mention of this here.'

Note 3. The original says: ' So these remained on horseback to support those battles which should waver, and were as a rear-guard.'

Note 4. The name of the duke of Burgundy is omitted.

Note 5. TT. Robert III Artois (age 52) wasn't created Earl Richmond until 1341?

Before 10 Nov 1341 [his father] Henry Percy 11th and 3rd Baron Percy (age 20) and [his mother] Mary Plantagenet Baroness Percy (age 21) were married. She by marriage Baroness Percy of Alnwick. She the daughter of Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster (age 60) and Maud Chaworth. They were half third cousin once removed. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England. She a great granddaughter of King Henry III of England.

On 10 Nov 1341 Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland was born to Henry Percy 11th and 3rd Baron Percy (age 20) and Mary Plantagenet Baroness Percy (age 21) at Alnwick Castle [Map]. He a great x 2 grandson of King Henry III of England.

On 26 Feb 1352 [his grandfather] Henry Percy 10th and 2nd Baron Percy (age 51) died. His son [his father] Henry Percy 11th and 3rd Baron Percy (age 31) succeeded 3rd Baron Percy of Alnwick, 11th Baron Percy of Topcliffe.

Before 18 Oct 1353 [his future brother-in-law] William Greystoke 2nd Baron Greystoke (age 32) and Joan Fitzhenry Baroness Greystoke (age 20) were married. She by marriage Baroness Greystoke. He a great x 4 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

In 1358 Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland (age 16) and Margaret Neville (age 28) were married. He a great x 2 grandson of King Henry III of England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

Around 1359 [his son] Ralph Percy was born to Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland (age 17) and [his wife] Margaret Neville (age 29) at Alnwick Castle [Map]. He a great x 3 grandson of King Henry III of England.

On 10 Jul 1359 [his brother-in-law] William Greystoke 2nd Baron Greystoke (age 38) died at Brancepeth Castle, County Durham [Map]. His son Ralph Greystoke 3rd Baron Greystoke (age 5) succeeded 3rd Baron Greystoke.

Before 1361 William Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland (age 42) and [his sister-in-law] Catherine Neville Baroness Dacre of Gilsland (age 30) were married. She by marriage Baroness Dacre Gilsland. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

On 01 Sep 1361 [his sister-in-law] Catherine Neville Baroness Dacre of Gilsland (age 31) died.

Before 1362 [his brother-in-law] John Neville 3rd Baron Neville of Raby (age 25) and [his aunt] Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby were married. They were third cousin once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

In 1362 [his mother] Mary Plantagenet Baroness Percy (age 42) died at Alnwick, Northumberland [Map].

Around 1362 [his son] Thomas Percy was born to Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland (age 20) and [his wife] Margaret Neville (age 32) at Shrewsbury, Shropshire [Map]. He a great x 3 grandson of King Henry III of England.

After 1362 [his father] Henry Percy 11th and 3rd Baron Percy (age 41) and [his step-mother] Joan Orreby Baroness Percy (age 13) were married. She by marriage Baroness Percy of Alnwick. The difference in their ages was 28 years. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

In Oct 1363 [his brother-in-law] Euphemia Neville (age 47) died.

On 20 May 1364 [his son] Henry "Hotspur" Percy was born to Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland (age 22) and [his wife] Margaret Neville (age 35) at Alnwick Castle [Map]. He a great x 3 grandson of King Henry III of England.

1366 Creation of Garter Knights

On 23 Apr 1366 King Edward III of England (age 53) created new Garter Knights:

42nd Enguerrand de Coucy 1st Earl Bedford 1st Count Soissons (age 26).

43rd Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland (age 24).

On 05 Aug 1367 [his father-in-law] Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville of Raby (age 76) died. His son [his brother-in-law] John Neville 3rd Baron Neville of Raby (age 30) succeeded 3rd Baron Neville Raby. [his aunt] Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby by marriage Baroness Neville Raby.

On 18 May 1368 [his father] Henry Percy 11th and 3rd Baron Percy (age 47) died at Alnwick Castle [Map]. He was buried at Alnwick Abbey [Map]. His son Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland (age 26) succeeded 4th Baron Percy of Alnwick, 12th Baron Percy of Topcliffe. [his wife] Margaret Neville (age 39) by marriage Baroness Percy of Alnwick.

On 12 May 1372 [his wife] Margaret Neville (age 43) died.

In 1377 Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland (age 35) was created 1st Earl of Northumberland.

Around 1380 Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland (age 38) commissioned the construction of the massive stone keep at Warkworth Castle [Map].

Around 1380 [his former brother-in-law] Ralph Neville (age 48) died.

In 1381 Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland (age 39) and Maud Lacy Countess Northumberland (age 38) were married. She by marriage Countess of Northumberland. He a great x 2 grandson of King Henry III of England.

Before 09 Oct 1381 [his former brother-in-law] John Neville 3rd Baron Neville of Raby (age 44) and Elizabeth Latimer 5th Baroness Latimer, Baroness Neville and Willoughby (age 24) were married. She by marriage Baroness Neville Raby. The difference in their ages was 20 years. They were third cousin once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

In 1387 [his son] Thomas Percy (age 25) died at Spain.

Froissart. Before 05 Aug 1388. As at that time the earl of Northumberland and the other lords and knights of that country knew nothing of their coming. When tidings came to Newcastle and to Durham that the Scots were abroad, and that they might well see by the fires and smoke abroad in the country, the earl (age 46) sent to Newcastle his two sons [[his son] Henry "Hotspur" Percy (age 24) and [his son] Ralph Percy (age 29)] and sent commandment to every man to draw to Newcastle, saying to his sons: 'Ye shall go to Newcastle and all the country shall assemble there, and I shall tarry at Alnwick, which is a passage that they must pass by. If we may enclose them, we shall speed well.' Sir Henry Percy (age 46) and sir Ralph (age 29) his brother obeyed their father's commandment and came thither with them of the country. The Scots rode burning and exiling the country, that the smoke thereof came to Newcastle. The Scots came to the gates of Durham and scrimmished there; but they tarried not long but returned, as they had ordained before to do, and that they found by the way took and destroyed it. Between Durham and Newcastle is but twelve leagues English and a good country: there was no town, without it were closed, but it was brent, and they repassed the river of Tyne where they had passed before, and then came before Newcastle and there rested. All the English knights and esquires of the country of York and bishopric of Durham were assembled at Newcastle, and thither came the seneschal of York, sir Ralph Lumley (age 28), sir Matthew Redman (age 60), captain of Berwick, sir Robert Ogle (age 36), sir Thomas Grey, sir Thomas Holton, sir John Felton, sir John Lilleburn, sir Thomas Abingdon, the baron of Hilton, sir John Coppledike and divers other, so that the town was so full of people that they wist not where to lodge.

Froissart. Before 05 Aug 1388. When these three Scottish earls who were chief captains had made their enterprise in the bishopric of Durham and had sore overrun the country, then they returned to Newcastle and there rested and tarried two days, and every day they scrimmished. The earl of Northumberland's two sons were two young lusty knights and were ever foremost at the barriers to scrimmish. There were many proper feats of arms done and achieved: there was fighting hand to hand: among other there fought hand to hand the earl Douglas (age 30) and sir Henry Percy (age 46), and by force of arms the earl Douglas won the pennon of sir Henry Percy's, wherewith he was sore displeased and so were all the Englishmen. And the earl Douglas said to sir Henry Percy: 'Sir, I shall bear this token of your prowess into Scotland and shall set it on high on my castle of Dalkeith, that it may be seen far off.' 'Sir,' quoth sir Henry, 'ye may be sure ye shall not pass the bounds of this country till ye be met withal in such wise that ye shall make none avaunt thereof.' 'Well, sir.' quoth the earl Douglas, 'come this night to my lodging and seek for your pennon: I shall set it before my lodging and see if ye will come to take it away.' So then it was late, and the Scots withdrew to their lodgings and refreshed them with such as they had. They had flesh enough: they made that night good watch, for they thought surely to be awaked for the words they had spoken, but they were not, for sir Henry Percy was counselled not so to do.

On 17 Oct 1388 [his former brother-in-law] John Neville 3rd Baron Neville of Raby (age 51) died. His son Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 24) succeeded 4th Baron Neville Raby. Margaret Stafford Baroness Neville Raby (age 24) by marriage Baroness Neville Raby.

Around 1391 [his former brother-in-law] William Neville (age 53) died.

Before 1393 [his son] Henry "Hotspur" Percy (age 28) and [his daughter-in-law] Elizabeth Mortimer Baroness Camoys (age 21) were married. She the daughter of Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl March, Earl Ulster and Philippa Plantagenet Countess March 5th Countess Ulster. He the son of Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland (age 51) and Margaret Neville. They were second cousin once removed. He a great x 3 grandson of King Henry III of England. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

Battle of Otterburn

On 15 Sep 1397 [his son] Ralph Percy (age 38) was killed in the Battle of Otterburn or he was captured then executed.

Thomas Mowbray Duel

Froissart. Before 19 Oct 1398. Not long after this, the king of England (age 31) summoned a large council of the great nobles and prelates at Eltham [Map]. On their arrival, he placed his two uncles of Lancaster (age 58) and York (age 57) beside him, with the earls of Northumberland (age 56), Salisbury (age 48) and Huntingdon (age 46). The earl of Derby (age 31) and the earl marshal (age 30) were sent for, and put into separate chambers, for it had been ordered they were not to meet. The king (age 31) showed he wished to mediate between them, notwithstanding their words had been very displeasing to him, and ought not to be lightly pardoned. He required therefore that they should submit themselves to his decision; and to this end sent the constable of England, with four great barons, to oblige them to promise punctually to obey it. The constable and the lords waited on the two earls, and explained the king's intentions They both bound themselves, in their presence, to abide by whatever sentence the king should give. They having reported this, the king said,- "Well then, I order that the earl marshal (age 30), for having caused trouble in this kingdom, by uttering words which he could not prove otherwise than by common report, be banished the realm: he may seek any other land he pleases to dwell in, but he must give over all hope of returning hither, as I banish him for life. I also order, that the earl of Derby (age 31), our cousin, for having angered us, and because he has been, in some measure, the cause of the earl marshal's (age 30) crime and punishment, prepare to leave the kingdom within fifteen days, and be banished hence for the term of ten years, without daring to return unless recalled by us; but we shall reserve to ourself the power of abridging this term in part or altogether." The sentence was satisfactory to the lords present, who said: "The earl of Derby (age 31) may readily go two or three years and amuse himself in foreign parts, for he is young enough; and, although he has already travelled to Prussia, the Holy Sepulchre, Cairo and Saint Catherine's1, he will find other places to visit. He has two sisters, queens of Castillo (age 25) and of Portugal (age 38), and may cheerfully pass his time with them. The lords, knights and squires of those countries, will make him welcome, for at this moment all warfare is at an end. On his arrival in Castille, as he is very active, he may put them in motion, and lead them against the infidels of Granada, which will employ his time better than remaining idle in England. Or he may go to Hainault, where his cousin, and brother in arms, the count d'Ostrevant, will be happily to see him, and gladly entertain him, that he may assist him in his war against the Frieslanders. If he go to Hainault, lie can have frequent intelligence from his own country and children. He therefore cannot fail of doing well, whithersoever he goes; and the king (age 31) may speedily recall him, through means of the good friends he will leave behind, for he is the finest feather in his cap; and he must not therefore suffer him to be too long absent, if he wish to gain the love of his subjects. The earl marshal (age 30) has had hard treatment, for he is banished without hope of ever being recalled; but, to say the truth, he has deserved it, for all this mischief has been caused by him and his foolish talking: he must therefore pay for it." Thus conversed many English knights with each other, the day the king passed sentence on the earl of Derby (age 31) and the earl marshal (age 30).

Note 1. The monastery on Mount Sinai. - Ed.

Froissart. After 19 Oct 1398. When the day of his exile drew near, he went to Eltham where the king (age 31) resided. He found there his father (age 58), the duke of York (age 57) his uncle, and with them the earl of Northumberland (age 56), [his son] sir Henry Percy (age 34) his son, and a great many barons and knights of England, vexed that his ill fortune should force him out of England. The greater part of them accompanied him to the presence of the king (age 31), to learn his ultimate pleasure as to this banishment. The king (age 31) pretended that he was very happy to see these lords: he entertained them well, and there was a full court on the occasion. The earl of Salisbury (age 48), and the earl of Huntingdon (age 46), who had married the duke of Lancaster's (age 58) daughter (age 35), were present, and kept near to the earl of Derby (age 31), whether through dissimulation or not I am ignorant. When the time for the earl of Derby's (age 31) taking leave arrived, the king (age 31) addressed his cousin with great apparent humility, and said, "that as God might help him, the words which had passed between him and the lord marshal had much vexed him; and that he had judged the matter between them to the best of his understanding, and to satisfy the people, who had murmured greatly at this quarrel. Wherefore, cousin," he added, "to relieve you somewhat of your pain, I now remit four years of the term of your banishment, and reduce it to six years instead often. Make your preparations, and provide accordingly." "My lord," replied the earl, "I humbly thank you; and, when it shall be your good pleasure, you will extend your mercy." The lords present were satisfied with the answer, and for this time were well pleased with the king's (age 31) behaviour, for he received them kindly. Some of them returned with the earl of Derby (age 31) to London. The earl's baggage had been sent forward to Dover, and he was advised by his father, on his arrival at Calais, to go straight to Paris, and wait on the king of France (age 29) and his cousins the princes of France, for by their means he would be the sooner enabled to shorten his exile than by any other. Had not the duke of Lancaster earnestly pressed this matter, like a father anxious to console his son, he would have taken the direct road to the count d'Ostrevant in Hainault.

On 18 Dec 1398 [his wife] Maud Lacy Countess Northumberland (age 55) died.

Richard II's Last Will

On 16 Apr 1399 King Richard II of England (age 32) wrote his Last Will from which the following extracts are taken … Also we bequeath to our beloved nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey (age 25) ten thousand marks and to our beloved brother Edward York 2nd Duke of York 1st Duke Albemarle (age 26) two thousand marks and to our beloved brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter (age 47) three thousand marks and to our faithful and beloved William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire (age 49) two thousand marks ... we ordain and set aside for the fulfilment of all and singular the premises the sum of ninety-one thousand marks, of which sixty-five thousand marks are in the keeping of Sir John Ikelyngton and twenty-four thousand marks in the hands and keeping of our dear nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey (age 25).

Of this our royal testament we nominate make and depute executors the venerable fathers in Christ Bishop Richard Mitford, Bishop Edmund Stafford (age 55), Bishop Robert Tideman of Winchcombe, Bishop Thomas Merke and Bishop Guy Mone Aka Mohun; our beloved brother Edward York 2nd Duke of York 1st Duke Albemarle (age 26), our nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey (age 25), our brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter (age 47) and William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire (age 49) to each of whom we bequeath a gold cup of the value of twenty pounds and our beloved and faithful clerks Master Bishop Richard Boteville Keeper of our Privy Seal, Master Richard Maudeleyn, Master William Fereby and Master John Painter Ikelyngton clerks and John Lufwyk and William Serle laymen, to each of whom we will shall be paid their expenses and necessary costs while it shall happen that they or any of them are employed about the execution of our present last will, but according to the discretion of their said co-executors ...

Whom all and singular we have charged and charge that they shall do as much as in them is for the due execution and fulfilment of this our last will as they shall wish to answer before God. We create ordain depute and make overseers of this our will the reverend fathers in Christ Archbishop Roger Walden and Archbishop Richard Scrope (age 49), William bishop of Winchester and William abbot of the monastery of Westminster Edward York 2nd Duke of York 1st Duke Albemarle (age 26) our uncle and Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland (age 57) our cousin.

Abdication of Richard II

On 12 Aug 1399 King Richard II of England (age 32) negotiated with Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland (age 57) at Conwy Castle [Map].

Around 1401. Jean Creton Chronicler. The Capture and Death of King Richard. King Richard II of England, standing in black and red, negotiating Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland (age 59) at Conwy Castle [Map].

Coronation of Henry IV

On 13 Oct 1399 King Henry IV of England (age 32) was crowned IV King England at Westminster Abbey [Map] by Archbishop Thomas Fitzalan aka Arundel (age 46).

Bishop Robert Braybrooke carried the sacraments and said mass. Duke Lancaster and Earl of Leicester Merged with the Crown.

The future King Henry V of England (age 13) carried the Sword Curtana. Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick (age 61) and/or John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset and Dorset (age 26) carried a sword wrapped in red and bound with golden straps symbolising two-fold mercy. Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland (age 57) carried the Lancaster Sword.

[his brother] Thomas Percy 1st Earl of Worcester (age 56) carried the Steward's baton. Thomas Erpingham (age 44) carried a Sword.

Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford (age 21) was appointed Knight of the Bath. John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford (age 10), John Arundell (age 33) and Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick (age 17) were knighted.

Archbishop Richard Scrope (age 49) attended.

Earl Derby and Earl Lancaster merged with the Crown.

Parliament Henry IV 2: 31 The Names of the Lords Present

After 07 Jan 1401. The names of the lords who were present at the said declaration are as follows:

Henry, prince of Wales (age 14).

Edmund, duke of York (age 59).

Edward, earl of Rutland (age 28).

Thomas, earl of Arundel (age 19).

John, earl of Somerset (age 28).

Edmund, earl of Stafford (age 22).

Henry, earl of Northumberland (age 59).

Ralph, earl of Westmorland (age 37).

[his brother] Thomas, earl of Worcester (age 58).

Michael, earl of Suffolk (age 40).

Richard, Lord Grey of Codnor (age 30).

Thomas, Lord Berkeley (age 49).

John, Lord Charlton.

Reginald, Lord Grey of Ruthin (age 39).

Thomas, Lord Camoys (age 50).

Thomas, Lord Furnivall (age 39).

Robert, Lord Scales (age 29).

John, Lord Beaumont.

William, Lord Willoughby (age 31).

Hugh, Lord Burnell (age 54).

William, Lord Ferrers of Groby (age 28).

William, Lord Bergavenny (age 58).

John, Lord Lovell (age 60).

Robert, Lord Harrington (age 45).

Richard Lescrope (age 74).

Battle of Homildon Hill

On 14 Sep 1402 Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland (age 60) and his son [his son] Henry "Hotspur" Percy (age 38) lay in wait at Homildon Hill [Map] for the Scots to return from their laying waste to Northumberland. The Battle of Homildon Hill was a victory for the English forces whose longbowmen decimated the Scottish schiltrons. Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh (age 44) fought for the English.

John Swinton was killed.

Thomas Dunbar 2nd Earl of Moray (age 31) and Henry Sinclair 2nd Earl Orkney (age 27) were captured.

Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine (age 30) was wounded. King Henry IV of England (age 35) forbade the ransoming of Scottish prisoners so that he could concentrate on the Welsh. By doing so he created a rift with the Percy family who subsequently defected to Owain ap Gruffudd Glyndŵr (age 43).

William Stewart of Jedworth and Teviotdale (age 46) was executed by Henry "Hotspur" Percy (age 38) having been captured.

John Stewart 1st of Dalswinton and Garlies (age 32) fought at the Battle of Homildon Hill.

Battle of Shrewsbury

On 21 Jul 1403 King Henry IV of England (age 36), with his son the future King Henry V of England (age 16), defeated the rebel army of [his son] Henry "Hotspur" Percy (age 39) at the Battle of Shrewsbury at the site now known as Battlefield, Shrewsbury [Map]. King Henry V of England (age 16) took an arrow to the side of his face leaving him severely scarred. John Stanley (age 53) was wounded in the throat. Thomas Strickland (age 36) fought and was awarded £38 and two of the rebel Henry's horses. Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick (age 21) fought for the King. Walter Blount (age 55), the King's Standard Bearer, was killed by Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine (age 31).

Thomas Wendesley (age 59) and Edmund Cockayne (age 47) were killed.

Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford (age 25) was killed. His son Humphrey Stafford  succeeded 6th Earl Stafford, 7th Baron Stafford.

Hugh Shirley (age 52) was killed; he was one of four knights dressed as King Henry IV of England (age 36).

Of the rebels, Henry "Hotspur" Percy (age 39), Madog Kynaston (age 43) and John Clifton were killed.

[his brother] Thomas Percy 1st Earl of Worcester (age 60) was beheaded after the battle. Earl Worcester extinct.

Richard Vernon 11th Baron Shipbrook (age 48) was hanged. Baron Shipbrook forfeit.

John Rossall was killed. His sister Eleanor Rossall (age 26) inherited a half-share in the Rossall Shrewsbury [Map] estates.

John Massey (age 65) was killed.

Battle of Bramham Moor

Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. 1408. Ande that year the Erle of Northehumberlond (age 66) ande the Lord Bardoffe (age 38) were take in the Northe countre ande be-heddyd and quarteryd; and the hedde of the erle and the quartyr of the lord were brought unto Londyn Brygge.

On 19 Feb 1408 Thomas Rokeby's force of Yorkshire levies defeated the Percy army during the Battle of Bramham Moor bringing to an end the Percy rebellion.

Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland (age 66) was killed. His body was afterwards hanged, drawn and quartered, his head being sent to London bridge and his quarters to diverse places. His grandson Henry Percy 2nd Earl of Northumberland (age 15) succeeded 5th Baron Percy of Alnwick, 13th Baron Percy of Topcliffe.

Thomas Bardolf 5th Baron Bardolf (age 38) was killed. Baron Bardolf of Wormegay in Norfolk had been forfeited in 1406 when Thomas Bardolf 5th Baron Bardolf (age 38) was declared a traitor. It was restored on 19 Jul 1408 to his two daughters Anne Bardolf Baroness Cobham Sternborough (age 18) and Joan Bardolf (age 17) and their husbands William Clifford (age 33) and William Phelip (age 25).

Ralph Neville and Elizabeth Ledes were married. He a great x 4 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

William Neville and Elizabeth Waleys were married. He a great x 4 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

William Neville and Alice St Philbert were married. He a great x 4 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

[his son] Alan Percy was born to Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland and Margaret Neville. He a great x 3 grandson of King Henry III of England.

William Ros 3rd Baron Ros Helmsley and Margaret Neville were married. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

Calendars. 6. The following are assigned to be triers of petitions from Gascony and from other lands and countries overseas, and from the Channel Islands:

The archbishop of York.

The duke of York.

The Bishop of  Ely.

The Bishop of Chester.

The Abbot of Waltham.

The Earl of Rutland.

The earl marshal.

The Earl of Northumberland.

Lord Despenser.

Lord Grey of Ruthin.

John Hull.

Hugh Huls.

John Markham.

to act all together, or six of the aforesaid prelates and lords; consulting with the chancellor, treasurer, steward, and chamberlain, and also the king's serjeants when necessary. And they shall hold their session in the Marcolf Chamber.

And those who wish to submit petitions should hand them in between now and next Friday evening [26 January 1397].

Calendars. 33. Also, on the same Saturday [10 February 1397], a charter of the king made to the earl marshal touching his office of marshal of England, and the gold staff adorned with the emblem of the king's arms which he will carry in his office, was read and delivered to the said earl. The tenor of which charter follows:

The king to the same, greeting. Know that whereas recently by our letters patent of our special grace we granted to our beloved kinsman Thomas, Earl of Nottingham, the office of marshal of England, together with the name and honour of earl marshal, to have to him and his male heirs issuing from his body, with all the fees, profits, and appurtenances whatsoever pertaining in any way to the said office, in perpetuity; as is fully contained in the same letters. We, mindful of the gracious and laudable services often performed by the aforementioned earl, on either side of the sea, for the benefit and honour of us and our kingdom, at no small effort, cost, and charge to him; and wishing therefore to provide for the estate and honour of that earl, of our special grace have granted in our present parliament for us and our heirs to the same earl the said office, and the name, title, and honour of earl marshal of England, to have to him and his male heirs issuing from his body, together with all offices, commodities, profits and other appurtenances whatsoever, both in our courts and elsewhere, relating or pertaining in any way to the same office, in the same manner and as fully, freely, wholly, and peacefully as Thomas Brotherton, lately Earl of Norfolk and marshal of England, father of our beloved kinswoman Margaret Countess of Norfolk, [widow] of the aforesaid late earl, or Roger Bigod sometime Earl of Norfolk and marshal of England, or any other after the death of the same former earl, or the same present earl, had or held the said office of marshal of England in their time.

Willing further and granting for us and our heirs, that the office of marshal of our Bench before us, which John Wicks holds for the term of his life by our grant, and the office of marshal in our treasury which Richard Gascoigne holds for his life by grant of our beloved brother Thomas Earl of Kent, lately marshal of England, by our confirmation; and also the office of herald of the marshal before the steward and marshal of our household, which Guy Allesley holds for his life by grant of the lord Edward [III], late king of England, our grandfather, and by our confirmation; which offices after the death of the aforesaid John, Richard and Guy should revert to us and our heirs, after the death of the same John, Richard, and Guy shall remain to the aforementioned earl marshal, to have to him and his male heirs in perpetuity. And that the same offices, and all other offices in any of our courts and elsewhere, which pertained, and used to pertain to the said office of marshal of England in times past, shall be fully restored, annexed, and reunited to the said office of marshal of England in perpetuity. And that the same earl and his male heirs may give, grant, or confer those offices on any suitable persons freely and without hindrance as soon as they shall have fallen vacant by death, demise, resignation, surrender, or in any other way, notwithstanding any of our letters patent made to the contrary.

Considering also the vigour and nobility of that earl, and that he may in future the more fittingly and honourably perform and exercise the aforesaid office, we have granted for us and our heirs to the same present earl that he and his said male heirs, marshals of England, by virtue of their aforesaid office should have, carry, and bear, as well in the presence as in the absence of us and our heirs, a certain gold staff, with both ends enamelled in black, and with the emblem of our arms decorating the top of the said staff, and with the emblem of the arms of that earl decorating the bottom of the said staff; notwithstanding that the same present earl in his time, or the aforementioned former earls, or any other who had the said office of marshal of England before this time, used to carry or bear a wooden staff. Witnessed by these, the venerable fathers Thomas archbishop of Canterbury, primate of all England, Robert of London, William of Winchester, John of Ely, Edmund of Exeter, our chancellor, bishops; John of Aquitaine and Lancaster, Edmund of York, dukes, our beloved uncles; Henry of Derby, Edward of Rutland, Henry of Northumberland, earls; Reginald Grey of Ruthin, Ralph Neville, John Lovell, knights; Roger Walden, dean of York, our treasurer, [his brother] Thomas Percy, steward of our household, and others. Given by our hand at Westminster on 10 February 1397.

[his son] Thomas Percy and Elizabeth Strathbogie were married. She the daughter of David IV Strathbogie 12th Earl Atholl and Elizabeth Ferrers Countess Atholl. He the son of Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland and Margaret Neville. He a great x 3 grandson of King Henry III of England. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland 1341-1408 appears on the following Descendants Family Trees:

King John "Lackland" of England 1166-1216

King Henry III of England 1207-1272

Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245

Royal Ancestors of Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland 1341-1408

Kings Wessex: Great x 9 Grand Son of King Edmund "Ironside" I of England

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 8 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 13 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 9 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Great x 2 Grand Son of King Henry III of England

Kings Scotland: Great x 7 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 5 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 3 Grand Son of Louis "Lion" VIII King France

Royal Descendants of Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland 1341-1408

Queen Jane Seymour x 1

Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom x 26

Queen Consort Camilla Shand x 12

Diana Spencer Princess Wales x 97

Catherine Middleton Princess of Wales x 1

Ancestors of Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland 1341-1408

Great x 4 Grandfather: Henry Percy

Great x 3 Grandfather: William Percy 6th Baron Percy Topcliffe

Great x 2 Grandfather: Henry Percy 7th Baron Percy Topcliffe

Great x 1 Grandfather: Henry Percy 9th and 1st Baron Percy

GrandFather: Henry Percy 10th and 2nd Baron Percy 5 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Fitzalan 6th Earl of Arundel 4 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 Grandfather: John Fitzalan 7th Earl of Arundel 5 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Maud Verdun Countess Arundel

Great x 2 Grandfather: Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl of Arundel 3 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Roger Mortimer 1st Baron Mortimer of Wigmore Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Isabella Mortimer Countess Arundel 2 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Maud de Braose

Great x 1 Grandmother: Eleanor Fitzalan Baroness Percy 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Manfred III Marquess Saluzzo

Great x 3 Grandfather: Thomas I Marquess Saluzzo 5 x Great Grand Son of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Beatrice Savoy Marchioness of Saluzzo 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Alice Saluzzo Countess Arundel 6 x Great Grand Daughter of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Father: Henry Percy 11th and 3rd Baron Percy 5 x Great Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Roger Clifford

Great x 3 Grandfather: Roger Clifford

Great x 4 Grandmother: Sybil Ewyas

Great x 2 Grandfather: Roger Clifford

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Botreaux

Great x 3 Grandmother: Hawise Botreaux

Great x 4 Grandmother: Hawise Newmarche

Great x 1 Grandfather: Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 6 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Vipont

Great x 3 Grandfather: Robert Vipont Lord Westmoreland 4 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Sybil Ferrers 3 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Isabella Vipont 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Fitzgeoffrey

Great x 3 Grandmother: Isabel Fitzjohn

Great x 4 Grandmother: Isabel Bigod

GrandMother: Idonia Clifford Baroness Percy 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Gilbert Clare 5th Earl Gloucester 4th Earl Hertford 2 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Richard de Clare 6th Earl Gloucester 5th Earl Hertford 3 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 2 Grandfather: Thomas de Clare 4 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Lacy Earl Lincoln

Great x 3 Grandmother: Maud Lacy Countess Gloucester and Hertford 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Margaret Quincy 3rd Countess Lincoln and Pembroke 3 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 1 Grandmother: Maud Clare Baroness Clifford Baroness Welles 3 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Maurice Fitzgerald 2nd Lord Offaly

Great x 3 Grandfather: Maurice Fitzgerald 4th Lord Offaly

Great x 4 Grandmother: Juliana Granville Baroness Offaly

Great x 2 Grandmother: Juliana Fitzgerald 2 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Stephen Longespée Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Emmeline Longespée Baroness Offaly Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Emmeline Riddlesford

Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland 2 x Great Grand Son of King Henry III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 Grandfather: King John "Lackland" of England Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: King Henry III of England Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 1 Grandfather: Edmund "Crouchback" Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Lancaster Son of King Henry III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Alfonso Barcelona II Count Provence

Great x 3 Grandfather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence

Great x 4 Grandmother: Gersenda II Sabran Countess Provence

Great x 2 Grandmother: Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Thomas Savoy I Count Savoy

Great x 3 Grandmother: Beatrice Savoy Countess Provence

Great x 4 Grandmother: Margaret Geneva Countess Savoy

GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster Grand Son of King Henry III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: King Philip II of France 2 x Great Grand Son of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France 3 x Great Grand Son of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: Robert Capet Count of Artois Great Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Alfonso VIII King Castile

Great x 3 Grandmother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Eleanor Plantagenet Queen Consort Castile Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 1 Grandmother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre 2 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Henry Reginar II Duke Brabant 3 x Great Grand Son of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Maud Metz 2 x Great Grand Daughter of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Matilda Reginar Countess Saint Pol 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Philip Swabia

Great x 3 Grandmother: Marie Swabia Duchess Brabant

Mother: Mary Plantagenet Baroness Percy Great Grand Daughter of King Henry III of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: Patrick Chaworth

Great x 1 Grandfather: Patrick Chaworth

GrandMother: Maud Chaworth

Great x 4 Grandfather: Walter Beauchamp

Great x 3 Grandfather: William Beauchamp

Great x 4 Grandmother: Joan Mortimer

Great x 2 Grandfather: William Beauchamp 9th Earl Warwick

Great x 4 Grandfather: William Maudit

Great x 3 Grandmother: Isabel Maudit

Great x 4 Grandmother: Alice Beaumont

Great x 1 Grandmother: Isabella Beauchamp Baroness Monthermer

Great x 4 Grandfather: Geoffrey Fitzpeter 1st Earl Essex

Great x 3 Grandfather: John Fitzgeoffrey

Great x 4 Grandmother: Aveline Clare Countess Essex

Great x 2 Grandmother: Maud Fitzjohn Countess Warwick

Great x 4 Grandfather: Hugh Bigod 3rd Earl Norfolk

Great x 3 Grandmother: Isabel Bigod