On this Day in History ... 01 December

01 Dec is in December.

1135 Death of King Henry I

1529 Henry VIII Creates New Peerages

1551 Trial and Execution of Edward Seymour Duke of Somerset and his Supporters

1661 Marriage of Charles II and Catherine of Braganza

1702 Battle of Vigo Bay

1702 Capture of Venlo Roermond Stevensweert and Liège

Death of King Henry I

Florence of Worcester Continuation. 01 Dec 1135. Henry, king of England (age 67), died on the fourth of the nones [the 20th] of December [Note. Other sources say 01 Dec 1135? The nones of December is the 5th so the fourth of the nones is the 1st?], in the sixty-ninth year of his age, after a reign of thirty-five years and four months;

On 01 Dec 1135 King Henry I "Beauclerc" England (age 67) died. The succession fell between Henrys daughter Empress Matilda (age 33) and Henry's nephew King Stephen I England (age 41), son of Adela Normandy Countess Blois (age 68) daughter of King William "Conqueror" I of England. The period from 1135 to 1153 during which the succession was fought over is known as The Anarchy.

On 01 Dec 1291 James "The Just" II King Aragon (age 24) and Isabella Ivrea Queen Consort Aragon (age 8) were married. Isabella Ivrea Queen Consort Aragon by marriage Queen Consort Aragon. She the daughter of Sancho IV King Castile IV King Leon (age 33) and Maria Molina Queen Consort Castile Queen Consort Leon. He the son of Peter III King Aragon and Constance Hohenstaufen Queen Consort Aragon (age 42). They were first cousin once removed. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

On 01 Dec 1342 Henry Vavasour (age 76) died. His son Henry Vavasour (age 50) de jure 5th Baron Vavasour. Amabel Fitzhugh Baroness Vavasour (age 32) by marriage Baroness Vavasour.

On 01 Dec 1438 Peter Bourbon II Duke Bourbon was born to Charles Bourbon I Duke Bourbon (age 37) and Agnes Valois Duchess Bourbon (age 34). Coefficient of inbreeding 2.50%.

On 01 Dec 1463 Mary of Guelders Queen Consort Scotland (age 29) died at Roxburgh Castle, Roxburgh. She was buried at Holyrood Abbey, Holyrood.

On 01 Dec 1511 Giles Brugge 6th Baron Chandos (age 49) died.

Henry VIII Creates New Peerages

On 01 Dec 1529 ...

Andrew Windsor 1st Baron Windsor (age 62) was created 1st Baron Windsor of Stanwell in Buckinghamshire. Elizabeth Blount Baroness Windsor (age 60) by marriage Baroness Windsor of Stanwell in Buckinghamshire.

John Hussey 1st Baron Hussey of Sleaford (age 64) was created 1st Baron Hussey of Sleaford. Anne Grey Baroness Hussey Sleaford by marriage Baroness Hussey of Sleaford.

On 02 Dec 1529 ...

Thomas Wentworth 1st Baron Wentworth (age 28) was created 1st Baron Wentworth 1C 1529. Margaret Fortescue Baroness Wentworth (age 27) by marriage Baroness Wentworth.

Thomas Burgh 7th Baron Cobham 5th Baron Strabolgi 1st Baron Burgh (age 41) was created 1st Baron Burgh. Agnes Tyrwhitt Baroness Cobham, Strabolgi and Burgh (age 48) by marriage Baroness Burgh. This is regarded as a new creation rather than a continuation of the previous creation Baron Burgh since Thomas's father was never summoned to Parliament due to his insanity. Some sources refer to Thomas as the 3rd Baron Burgh.

On 04 Dec 1529 Edmund Braye 1st Baron Braye (age 45) was created 1st Baron Braye.

Trial and Execution of Edward Seymour Duke of Somerset and his Supporters

Chronicle of Greyfriars. 01 Dec 1551. Item the furst day of day of December was browte the deuke of Somersett (age 51) owte of the towre [Map] by watter at v. a clocke in the mornynge, and j. or ij. drownyd by the waye in the Tems betweene the tower and Westmester; and there he (was) araynyd before the cowncell, and so pletyd for hym selfe that he was qwytt for the treson, and corny tted unto the tower of London [Map] agayne.

Diary of Edward VI. 01 Dec 1551. The duke of Somerset (age 51) cam to his triall at Westmyster halle. [The record mentions three indictments: 1) that he had designed to have seized the King's person, and to have governed all affairs; 2) that he, with one hundred others, intended to have imprisoned the earl of Warwick, afterwards duke of Northumberland; and 3) that he had designed to have raised an insurrection in the city of London.]

On 01 Dec 1577 Francis Stewart 5th Earl Bothwell (age 15) and Margaret Douglas Countess Bothwell were married. Margaret Douglas Countess Bothwell by marriage Countess Bothwell. She the daughter of David Douglas 7th Earl Angus and Margaret Hamilton Countess Angus. They were half second cousins. He a great x 2 grandson of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

On 01 Dec 1608 William Cecil 2nd Earl Salisbury (age 17) and Catherine Howard Countess Salisbury were married. She the daughter of Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk (age 47) and Mary Dacre. He the son of Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury (age 45) and Elizabeth Brooke.NOTEXT

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On 01 Dec 1640 John IV King Portugal (age 36) was created IV King Portugal by popular revolt ending the sixty year period of the Iberian Union where Spain and Portugal had the same ruler. Luisa de Guzman Queen Consort Portugal (age 27) by marriage Queen Consort Portugal.

Marriage of Charles II and Catherine of Braganza

Evelyn's Diary. 01 Dec 1661. I took leave of my Lord Peterborough (age 40), going now to Tangier, which was to be delivered to the English on the match with Portugal.

Pepy's Diary. 01 Dec 1666. I did this afternoon get Mrs. Michell to let me only have a sight of a pamphlet lately printed, but suppressed and much called after, called "The Catholique's Apology"; lamenting the severity of the Parliament against them, and comparing it with the lenity of other princes to Protestants; giving old and late instances of their loyalty to their princes, whatever is objected against them; and excusing their disquiets in Queen Elizabeth's time, for that it was impossible for them to think her a lawfull Queen, if Queen Mary, who had been owned as such, were so; one being the daughter of the true, and the other of a false wife: and that of the Gunpowder Treason, by saying that it was only the practice of some of us, if not the King (age 36), to trepan some of their religion into it, it never being defended by the generality of their Church, nor indeed known by them; and ends with a large Catalogue, in red letters, of the Catholiques which have lost their lives in the quarrel of the late King and this. The thing is very well writ indeed.

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On 01 Dec 1692 Archbishop William Dawes 3rd Baronet (age 21) and Francis Cole d'Arcy (age 19) were married at St Edmund King and Martyr Church.

1702 Capture of Venlo Roermond Stevensweert and Liège

Evelyn's Diary. 01 Dec 1702. After the excess of honor conferred by the Queen (age 37) on the Earl of Marlborough (age 52), by making him a Knight of the Garter and a Duke, for the success of but one campaign, that he should desire £5,000 a year to be settled on him by Parliament out of the Post Office, was thought a bold and unadvised request, as he had, besides his own considerable estate, above £30,000 a year in places and employments, with £50,000 at interest. He had married one daughter (age 21) to the son (age 24) of my Lord Treasurer Godolphin (age 57), another (age 19) to the Earl of Sunderland (age 27), and a third (age 15) to the Earl of Bridgewater (age 21). He is a very handsome person, well-spoken and affable, and supports his (age 52) want of acquired knowledge by keeping good company.

1702 Battle of Vigo Bay

Evelyn's Diary. 01 Dec 1702. The expectation now is, what treasure will be found on breaking bulk of the galleon brought from Vigo by Sir George Rooke (age 52), which being made up in an extraordinary manner in the hold, was not begun to be opened till the fifth of this month, before two of the Privy Council, two of the chief magistrates of the city, and the Lord Treasurer (age 57).


After 01 Dec 1703. Memorial to Alice Herbert (deceased) at St Laurence's Church, Ludlow [Map].

Alice Herbert: Around 1647 she was born to Richard Herbert 2nd Baron Herbert Chirbury (age 43) and Mary Egerton Baroness Herbert Chirbury. In or after 1676 John Burrard (age 29) and Alice Herbert (age 29) were married. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland. On 01 Dec 1703 Alice Herbert (age 56) died.


On 01 Dec 1720 Charles Howard 10th Duke of Norfolk was born to Henry Charles Howard and Mary Aylyward.NOTEXT

After 01 Dec 1742. All Saints Church Hough-on-the-Hill [Map]. Memorial to Thomas Payne (deceased) by B Palmer commissioned by his daughter Etheldreda Payne Lady Cust (age 22) and her sister Elizabeth.

Thomas Payne: Around 1685 he was born. On 30 Sep 1715 Thomas Payne (age 30) and Elizabeth Folkes (age 21) were married. On 01 Dec 1742 Thomas Payne (age 57) died.

On 01 Dec 1756 William Murray 3rd Earl Dunmore (age 60) died at Lincoln [Map]. His son John Murray 4th Earl Dunmore (age 26) succeeded 4th Earl Dunmore. Charlotte Stewart Countess Dunmore (age 26) by marriage Countess Dunmore.

On 09 Jul 1758 Ann Wrey (deceased) was buried at St Peter's Church, Tawstock [Map]. On 01 Dec 1766 Thomas Chicot was buried at with his wife.

The inscription: Near this place lie the Remains of Mrs ANN CHILCOT (deceased) Wife of Mr Thos CHILCOT Organist of Bath And Daughter to the Revd Mr CHICHESTER WREY late Rector of this Parish by his first Wife Margaret Daughter of ROGER PYNE of this County Gent:

She was a Woman of Great Piety Constant in the Duties of Religion both Public and Private and ever inclin'd to Acts of Humanity and Benevolence She died much lamented June 30th 1758 Ætat: 39 Her Disconsolate Husband as a Testimony of his Conjugal Affection Erected this Monument to her Memory.

His panel, missing from the left hand side of the monument, is missing as a consequence of a dispute between the executor of his will and the children of his first marriage.

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On 01 Dec 1880 Francis Russell 9th Duke Bedford (age 61) was appointed 772nd Knight of the Garter by Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom (age 61).

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On 01 Dec 1890 Thomas Bateson 1st Baron Deramore (age 71) died.


On 01 Dec 1920 Edward Ponsonby 8th Earl Bessborough (age 69) died. His son Vere Brabazon Ponsonby 9th Earl Bessborough (age 40) succeeded 9th Earl Bessborough.

On 01 Dec 1931 Captain John Dawnay 9th Viscount Downe (age 59) died. His son Colonel Richard Dawnay 10th Viscount Downe (age 28) succeeded 10th Viscount Downe 2C 1685. In 1957 Dorothy ffolkes (age 81) died. Memorials in Church of St Mary Hillington [Map].

Captain John Dawnay 9th Viscount Downe: In 1872 he was born to Major-General Hugh Richard Dawnay 8th Viscount Downe (age 27) and Cecilia Maria Charlotte Molyneux. In or before 1903 Captain John Dawnay 9th Viscount Downe (age 31) and Dorothy ffolkes (age 26) were married.

Colonel Richard Dawnay 10th Viscount Downe: In 1903 he was born to Captain John Dawnay 9th Viscount Downe (age 31) and Dorothy ffolkes (age 27). In 1965 Colonel Richard Dawnay 10th Viscount Downe (age 62) died.

Dorothy ffolkes: In 1876 she was born to William ffolkes 3rd Baronet (age 28).

On 01 Dec 1934 Nancy Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby 28th Baroness Willoughby de Eresby was born to Gilbert James Heathcote-Willoughby-Drummond 3rd Earl Ancaster (age 26) and Nancy Phyllis Louise Astor Countess Astor (age 25).