On this Day in History ... 03 July

03 Jul is in July.

1450 Jack Cade's Rebellion

1468 Marriage of Charles the Bold and Margaret of York

1537 Bigod's Rebellion

1933 Opening of the Twickenham, Hampton Court and Chiswick Bridges

On 02 or 03 Jul 657 Pope Vitalian was elected Pope.

On 03 Jul 987 Hugh I King France (age 46) was crowned I King France: Capet. Adelaide Poitiers Queen Consort France (age 42) by marriage Queen France: Capet.

On 03 Jul 1035 Robert "Magnificent" Normandy I Duke Normandy (age 35) died at Nicaea. His son King William "Conqueror" I of England (age 7) succeeded II Duke Normandy.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 1053. About this time was the great wind, on the mass-night of St. Thomas; which did much harm everywhere. And all the midwinter also was much wind. It was this year resolved to slay Rees, the Welsh king's brother, because he did harm; and they brought his head to Gloucester on the eve of Twelfth-day. In this same year, before Allhallowmas, died Wulfsy, Bishop of Lichfield; and Godwin, Abbot of Winchcomb; and Aylward, Abbot of Glastonbury; all within one month. And Leofwine, Abbot of Coventry, took to the bishopric at Lichfield; Bishop Aldred to the abbacy at Winchcomb; and Aylnoth took to the abbacy at Glastonbury. The same year died Elfric, brother of Odda (age 60), at Deerhurst, Gloucestershire; and his body resteth at Pershore [Map].

Around 03 Jul 1361 John Montfort V Duke Brittany (age 22) and Mary Plantagenet Duchess Brittany (age 16) were married. She the daughter of King Edward III of England (age 48) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England (age 47). They were third cousins. He a great x 2 grandson of King Henry III of England.

On 03 Jul 1423 Louis "Father of the People" XI King France was born to Charles "Victorious" VII King France (age 20) and Marie Valois Anjou Queen Consort France (age 18). Coefficient of inbreeding 3.89%.

On 03 Jul 1449 King James II of Scotland (age 18) and Mary of Guelders Queen Consort Scotland (age 15) were married at Holyrood Abbey, Holyrood. He the son of King James I of Scotland and Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland. He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III of England.

1450 Jack Cade's Rebellion

Chronicle of Gregory 1450. 03 Jul 1450. Ande in the evenynge they went why the hyr sympylle captayne to hys loggynge; botte a certayne of hys sympylle and rude mayny a-bode there alle the nyght, weny[n]ge to them that they hadde wytte and wysdome for to have gydyde or put in gydyng alle Ingelonde, alsosone at they hadde gote the cytte of London by a mysse happe of cuttynge of ij sory cordys that no we be alteryde, and made ij stronge schynys of yryn unto the draught brygge of London. But they hadde othyr men with hem, as welle of London as of there owne party. And by hem of on parte and of that othyr parte they lefte noo thyng unsoffethe, a and they serchyd alle that nyght.

After 03 Jul 1461 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock (age 61) and Agnes Danvers Baroness Wenlock (age 53) were married. She by marriage Baroness Wenlock.

Marriage of Charles the Bold and Margaret of York

Before 03 Jul 1468 Charles "Bold" Valois Duke Burgundy (age 34) and Margaret of York Duchess of Burgundy (age 22) were married at Bruges. She the daughter of Richard Plantagenet 3rd Duke York and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York (age 53). He the son of Philip "Good" Valois III Duke Burgundy and Isabella Aviz Duchess Burgundy (age 71). They were half second cousins. He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

John Paston (age 24) and John Scott Comptroller (age 45) travelled with Margaret. The marriage re-enforced King Edward IV's connection with the Low Countries.

Bigod's Rebellion

Letters and Papers 1537. 3 July.

203. Norfolk to Cromwell.

Calig. B. vii. 224. B. M.

Received yesternight his letter of the 28 June and a packet under the King's Seal. Has appointed all therein named of the West Marches to be with him at York, Friday se'nnight, when Aske (age 37) is to suffer. Before his execution an exhortation to be given. Will take care to satisfy the King.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 03 Jul 1557. The iij day of July the Kyng (age 30) and the Quen (age 41) toke ther gornay [journey] toward Dover [Map], and lay all nyghtt at Syttyngborne [Map].


Around 03 Jul 1597 Henry Norreys 1st Baron Norreys Rycote (age 72) received a letter from Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (age 63) offering condolences on the death of his son John.

PAINTINGS/SCROTS/Elizabeth_I.jpg PAINTINGS/MEULEN/Elizabeth_I.jpg PAINTINGS/EWORTH/Elizabeth_I_Hans_Eworth.jpg PAINTINGS/HILLIARD/Queen_Elizabeth_I.jpg PAINTINGS/HILLIARD/Phoenix.jpg PAINTINGS/GOWER/George_Gower_Elizabeth_Sieve_Portrait.jpg PAINTINGS/SEGAR/Elizabeth_I.jpg PAINTINGS/UNKNOWN/Elizabeth_I.jpg PAINTINGS/GHEERAERTS_YOUNGER/Queen_Elizabeth_I_The_Ditchley_portrait_Marcus_Gheeraerts_the_Younger.jpg

On 03 Jul 1651 Thomas Belasyse 1st Earl Fauconberg (age 24) and Mildred Saunderson were married.


On 03 Jul 1664 James Stanley 10th Earl of Derby was born to Charles Stanley 8th Earl of Derby (age 36) and Dorothea Helena Kirkoven Countess Derby (age 34).

On 03 Jul 1668 Richard Brownlow 2nd Baronet (age 25) died. His son John Brownlow 3rd Baronet (age 9) succeeded 3rd Baronet Brownlow of Humby in Lincolnshire.

Monument St Peter and St Paul Church, Belton [Map]. Armorial Brownlow Arms with a canton of the Rad Hand of Ulster impaled his wife's Freke Arms.

Richard Brownlow 2nd Baronet: Before 1643 he was born to William Brownlow 1st Baronet (age 47) and Elizabeth Duncombe (age 40). Before 26 Jun 1659 Richard Brownlow 2nd Baronet (age 16) and Elizabeth Freke Lady Brownlow (age 26) were married. In 1666 William Brownlow 1st Baronet (age 71) died. His son Richard Brownlow 2nd Baronet (age 23) succeeded 2nd Baronet Brownlow of Humby in Lincolnshire. Elizabeth Freke Lady Brownlow (age 33) by marriage Lady Brownlow of Humby in Lincolnshire.

On 03 Jul 1674 John Middleton 1st Earl Middleton (age 66) died at Tangier. His son Charles Middleton 2nd Earl Middleton (age 24) succeeded 2nd Earl Middleton.


On 03 Jul 1675 Henry Hamilton Moore 3rd Earl of Drogheda (age 20) and Mary Cole (age 15) were married. He the son of Henry Moore 1st Earl Drogheda (age 53) and Alice Spencer Countess Drogheda (age 49). They were second cousin once removed.

On 03 Jul 1706 Robert Lee 4th Earl Lichfield was born to Edward Lee 1st Earl Lichfield (age 43) and Charlotte Fitzroy Countess Lichfield (age 41). He a grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.


PAINTINGS/DAHL/Walter_St_John.jpgBefore 03 Jul 1708. Michael Dahl (age 49). Portrait of Walter St John 3rd Baronet (age 86). Lydiard House.

On 03 Jul 1708 Walter St John 3rd Baronet (age 86) died. His son Henry St John 1st Viscount St John (age 55) succeeded 4th Baronet St John Lydiard Tregoze in Wiltshire. Angelica Magdalena Pellissary Viscountess St John (age 42) by marriage Lady St John Lydiard Tregoze in Wiltshire.

PAINTINGS/KNELLER/Walter_St_john.jpg PAINTINGS/DAHL/Walter_St_John.jpg PAINTINGS/RILEY/Henry_St_John.jpg PAINTINGS/SEEMAN/Angelica_Magdelena_Pellissary.jpg PAINTINGS/VANDERBANK/Angelica_Pelissary.jpg

On 03 Jul 1733 Thomas Thynne 2nd Viscount Weymouth (age 23) and Louisa Carteret Viscountess Weymouth (age 21) were married. She by marriage Viscountess Weymouth. She the daughter of John Carteret 2nd Earl Granville (age 43) and Frances Worsley Countess Granville (age 40). They were second cousin once removed.

On 03 Jul 1735 Nathaniel Ryder 1st Baron Harrowby was born to Dudley Ryder (age 44) and Anne Newnham.

On 03 Jul 1773 Luke Gardiner 1st Viscount Mountjoy (age 28) and Elizabeth Montgomery (age 22) were married.


On 03 Jul 1776 Henry Parnell 1st Baron Congleton was born to John Parnell 2nd Baronet (age 31) and Laetitia Charlotte Brooke.

On 03 Jul 1778 James Hay 15th Earl Erroll (age 52) died at Callendar House, Falkirk. His son George Hay 16th Earl Erroll (age 11) succeeded 16th Earl Erroll.

On 03 Jul 1783 John Savile 3rd Earl Mexborough was born to John Savile 2nd Earl Mexborough (age 22) and Elizabeth Stephenson Countess Mexborough (age 21).


On 03 Jul 1815 William Vane 3rd Duke Cleveland (age 23) and Grace Caroline Lowther Duchess of Cleveland were married at St James' Church, Piccadilly. She the daughter of William Lowther 1st Earl Lonsdale (age 57) and Augusta Fane Countess Lonsdale (age 53). He the son of William Henry Vane 1st Duke Cleveland (age 48) and Catharine Margaret Powlett Countess Darlington. He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 03 Jul 1817 Ernest Saxe Coburg Gotha I Duke Saxe Coburg Gotha (age 33) and Duchess Louise Dorothea of Saxe Coburg Altenburg (age 16) were married. She by marriage Duchess Saxe Coburg Gotha. She the daughter of Duke Augustus of Saxe Coburg Altenburg (age 44) and Louise Charlotte Mecklenburg-Schwerin. He the son of Francis Saxe Coburg Gotha I Duke Saxe Coburg Gotha and Augusta Reuss Duchess Saxe Coburg Gotha (age 60). They were second cousin once removed.

On 03 Jul 1817 Bishop James Atlay was born to Henry Atlay and Elizabeth Rayner Hovell.

Section I Tumuli 1843. The 30th of June 1843 was occupied in examining the middle part of a large barrow on Brassington Moor, usually called Galley Lowe [Map], but formerly written Callidge Lowe, which is probably more correct. About two feet from the surface were found a few human bones mixed with rats' bones and horses' teeth; amongst these bones (which had been disturbed by a labourer digging in search of treasure) the following highly interesting and valuable articles were discovered: several pieces of iron, some in the form of rivets, others quite shapeless, having been broken on the occasion above referred to, two arrow-heads of the same metal, a piece of coarse sandstone, which was rubbed into the form of a whetstone; an ivory pin or bodkin, of very neat execution; the fragments of a large urn of well-baked earthenware, which was glazed in the interior for about an inch above the bottom; two beads, one of green glass, the other of white enamel, with a coil of blue running through it, and fourteen beautiful pendant ornaments of pure, gold, eleven of which are encircled by settings of large and brilliantly coloured garnets, two are of gold without setting, and the remaining one is of gold wire twisted in a spiral manner, from the centre towards each extremity (a gold loop of identical pattern is affixed to a barbaric copy of a gold coin of Honorius in the writer's possession); they have evidently been intended to form one ornament only, most probably a necklace, for which use their form peculiarly adapts them. It will here not be out of place to borrow some quotations relative to a remarkable superstition connected with glass beads similar to those discovered in Galley Lowe, particularly the one having "two circular lines of opaque sky-blue and white," which seem to represent a serpent entwined round a centre, which is perforated. "This was certainly one of the Glain Neidyr of the Britons, derived from glain, which is pure and holy, and neidyr, a snake. Under the word glain, Mr. Owen, in his Welsh Dictionary, has given the following article: "The Nair Glain, transparent stones, or adder stones, were worn by the different orders of the Bards, each exhibiting its appropriate colour. There is no certainty that they were worn from superstition originally; perhaps that was the circumstance which gave rise to it. Whatever might have been the cause, the notion of their rare virtues was universal in all places where the Bardic religion was taught."

These beads are thus noticed by Bishop Gibson, in his improved edition of Camden's Britannia: "In most parts of Wales, and throughout all Scotland, and in Cornwall, we find it a common opinion of the vulgar, that about Midsummer-eve (though in the time they do not all agree) it is usual for snakes to meet in companies, and that by joining heads together and hissing, a kind of bubble is formed, like a ring, about the head of one of them, which the rest, by continual hissing, blow on, until it comes off at the tail, when it immediately hardens, and resembles a glass ring, which whoever finds shall prosper in all his undertakings: the rings they supposed to be thus generated are called gleinen nadroeth, namely, gemma anguinum. They are small glass annulets, commonly about half as wide as our finger-rings, but much thicker, of a green colour usually, though some of them are blue, and others curiously waved with blue, red, and white.'' There seems to be some connexion between the glain neidyr of the Britons and the ovum anguinnm, mentioned by Pliny as being held in veneration by the Druids of Gaul and to the formation of which he gives nearly the same origin. They were probably worn as a mark of distinction, and suspended round the neck as the perforations are not large enough to admit the finger. A large portion of this barrow still remaining untouched on the south-east side, which was but little elevated above the natural soil, yet extending farther from the centre, it offered a larger area, in which interments were more likely to be found than any other part of the tumulus, it was decided on resuming the search on the 3d of July, 1843, by digging from the outside until the former excavation in the centre was reached. In carrying out this design the following interments were discovered, all of which seem to pertain to a much more remote era than the interment whose discovery has been before recorded. First, the skeleton of a child, in a state of great decay; a little farther on a lengthy skeleton, the femur of which measures nineteen and a half inches, with a rudely ornamented urn of coarse clay deposited near the head; a small article of ivory, perforated with six holes, as though for the purpose of being sewn into some article of dress or ornament (a larger one of the same kind was found in a barrow at Gristhorpe, near Scarborough, in 1832); a small arrow-head of gray flint, a piece of iron-stone, and a piece of stag's horn, artificially pointed at the thicker end, were found in the immediate neighbourhood of the urn. Between this skeleton and the centre of the barrow four more skeletons were exhumed, two of which were of young persons; there was no mode of arrangement perceptible in the positions of the bodies, excepting that the heads seemed to lie nearest to the urn before mentioned. Amongst the bones of these four skeletons a small rude incense cup was found, which is of rather unusual form, being perforated with two holes on each side, opposite each other.

On 03 Jul 1845 Henry Charles Fitzroy Somerset 8th Duke Beaufort (age 21) and Georgiana Charlotte Curzon Howe Duchess Beaufort (age 20) were married. She the daughter of Richard William Penn Curzon Howe 1st Earl Howe (age 48) and Harriet Georgiana Brudenell Countess Howe. He the son of Henry Somerset 7th Duke Beaufort (age 53) and Emily Frances Smith Duchess Beaufort (age 45). They were fourth cousins.

On 03 Jul 1845 Percy Barrington 8th Viscount Barrington (age 20) and Louisa Higgins were married. He a great x 4 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 03 Jul 1845 Samuel Morley 1st Baron Hollenden was born.

On 03 Jul 1850 William Henry Francis Petre 11th Baron Petre (age 57) died. His son William Bernard Petre 12th Baron Petre (age 32) succeeded 12th Baron Petre.

On 03 Jul 1855 James O'Brien 3rd Marquess Thomond (age 86) died.

On 03 Jul 1856 Alfred Nathaniel Holden Curzon 4th Baron Scarsdale (age 24) and Blanche Pocklington Senhouse Baroness Scarsdale (age 18) were married.


On 03 Jul 1919 Barbara Abney-Hastings 13th Countess of Loudoun was born to Reginald Mowbray Chichester Huddleston (age 25) and Edith Maud Rawdon-Hastings 12th Countess Loudon (age 36).

Opening of the Twickenham, Hampton Court and Chiswick Bridges

On 03 Jul 1963 Thomas Percy Tuchet-Jesson (age 49) died without issue. His sister Rosina Tuchet-Jesson 24th Baroness Audley (age 52) succeeded 24th Baroness Audley of Heighley in Staffordshire.