03 Jul is in July.
On 02 or 03 Jul 657 Pope Vitalian was elected Pope.
On 03 Jul 1049 Herman Reginar V Count Mons III Count Hainault died.
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 1053. About this time was the great wind, on the mass-night of St. Thomas; which did much harm everywhere. And all the midwinter also was much wind. It was this year resolved to slay Rees, the Welsh king's brother, because he did harm; and they brought his head to Gloucester on the eve of Twelfth-day. In this same year, before Allhallowmas, died Wulfsy, Bishop of Lichfield; and Godwin, Abbot of Winchcomb; and Aylward, Abbot of Glastonbury; all within one month. And Leofwine, Abbot of Coventry, took to the bishopric at Lichfield; Bishop Aldred to the abbacy at Winchcomb; and Aylnoth took to the abbacy at Glastonbury. The same year died Elfric, brother of Odda (age 60), at Deerhurst, Gloucestershire; and his body resteth at Pershore [Map].
After 03 Jul 1190 William Forz 2nd Earl Albemarle aka Aumale and Hawise Blois 2nd Countess Albemarle aka Aumale and Essex were married. He by marriage Earl Albemarle aka Aumale1C 1127. She the daughter of William "Fat" Blois 1st Earl Albemarle aka Aumale 1st Earl York and Cecily Skipton Countess Aumale and York.
Around 03 Jul 1361 John Montfort V Duke Brittany (age 22) and Mary Plantagenet Duchess Brittany (age 16) were married. She the daughter of King Edward III of England (age 48) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England (age 47). They were third cousins. He a great x 2 grandson of King Henry III of England.
Chronicle of Gregory 1450. 03 Jul 1450. Ande in the evenynge they went why the hyr sympylle captayne to hys loggynge; botte a certayne of hys sympylle and rude mayny a-bode there alle the nyght, weny[n]ge to them that they hadde wytte and wysdome for to have gydyde or put in gydyng alle Ingelonde, alsosone at they hadde gote the cytte of London by a mysse happe of cuttynge of ij sory cordys that no we be alteryde, and made ij stronge schynys of yryn unto the draught brygge of London. But they hadde othyr men with hem, as welle of London as of there owne party. And by hem of on parte and of that othyr parte they lefte noo thyng unsoffethe, a and they serchyd alle that nyght.
Before 03 Jul 1468 Charles "Bold" Valois Duke Burgundy (age 34) and Margaret of York Duchess of Burgundy (age 22) were married at Bruges. She the daughter of Richard Plantagenet 3rd Duke York and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York (age 53). He the son of Philip "Good" Valois III Duke Burgundy and Isabella Aviz Duchess Burgundy (age 71). They were half second cousins. He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.
Letters and Papers 1537. 3 July.
203. Norfolk to Cromwell.
Calig. B. vii. 224. B. M.
Received yesternight his letter of the 28 June and a packet under the King's Seal. Has appointed all therein named of the West Marches to be with him at York, Friday se'nnight, when Aske (age 37) is to suffer. Before his execution an exhortation to be given. Will take care to satisfy the King.
Before 03 Jul 1560 George Tuchet 9th Baron Audley, 6th Baron Tuchet died. He was buried on 03 Jul 1560 in St Margaret's Church, Westminster [Map]. His son Henry Tuchet 10th Baron Audley, 7th Baron Tuchet succeeded 10th Baron Audley of Heighley in Staffordshire, 7th Baron Tuchet. Elizabeth Sneyd Baroness Audley Heighley by marriage Baroness Audley of Heighley in Staffordshire.
On 03 Jul 1622 William Sherard 1st Baron Sherard (age 33) was knighted by King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland (age 56) at Oatlands Palace, Surrey [Map].
On 03 Jul 1651 Thomas Belasyse 1st Earl Fauconberg (age 24) and Mildred Saunderson were married.
Richard Brownlow 2nd Baronet: Before 1643 he was born to William Brownlow 1st Baronet (age 47) and Elizabeth Duncombe (age 40). Before 26 Jun 1659 Richard Brownlow 2nd Baronet (age 16) and Elizabeth Freke Lady Brownlow (age 26) were married. In 1666 William Brownlow 1st Baronet (age 71) died. His son Richard Brownlow 2nd Baronet (age 23) succeeded 2nd Baronet Brownlow of Humby in Lincolnshire. Elizabeth Freke Lady Brownlow (age 33) by marriage Lady Brownlow of Humby in Lincolnshire.
On 03 Jul 1706 Robert Lee 4th Earl Lichfield was born to Edward Lee 1st Earl Lichfield (age 43) and Charlotte Fitzroy Countess Lichfield (age 41). He a grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.
On 03 Jul 1708 Walter St John 3rd Baronet (age 86) died. His son Henry St John 1st Viscount St John (age 55) succeeded 4th Baronet St John Lydiard Tregoze in Wiltshire. Angelica Magdalena Pellissary Viscountess St John (age 42) by marriage Lady St John Lydiard Tregoze in Wiltshire.
On 03 Jul 1718 Thomas William Coke 1st Earl of Leicester (age 21) and Margaret Tufton Countess Leicester (age 18) were married. She the daughter of Thomas Tufton 6th Earl of Thanet (age 73) and Catherine Cavendish Countess Isle Thanet.
On 03 Jul 1726 George Compton 4th Earl of Northampton (age 61) and Elizabeth Rushout Countess Northampton were married. She by marriage Countess of Northampton. He the son of James Compton 3rd Earl of Northampton and Mary Noel Countess Northampton.
On 03 Jul 1733 Thomas Thynne 2nd Viscount Weymouth (age 23) and Louisa Carteret Viscountess Weymouth (age 21) were married. She by marriage Viscountess Weymouth. She the daughter of John Carteret 2nd Earl Granville (age 43) and Frances Worsley Countess Granville (age 40). They were second cousin once removed.
On 03 Jul 1734 Henry Herbert 10th Earl Pembroke 7th Earl Montgomery was born to Henry Herbert 6th Earl Montgomery 9th Earl Pembroke (age 41) and Mary Fitzwilliam Countess Pembroke and Montgomery (age 26).
On 03 Jul 1773 Luke Gardiner 1st Viscount Mountjoy (age 28) and Elizabeth Montgomery (age 22) were married.
On 03 Jul 1815 William Vane 3rd Duke Cleveland (age 23) and Grace Caroline Lowther Duchess of Cleveland were married at St James' Church, Piccadilly. She the daughter of William Lowther 1st Earl Lonsdale (age 57) and Augusta Fane Countess Lonsdale (age 53). He the son of William Henry Vane 1st Duke Cleveland (age 48) and Catharine Margaret Powlett Countess Darlington. He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.
On 03 Jul 1817 Ernest Saxe Coburg Gotha I Duke Saxe Coburg Gotha (age 33) and Duchess Louise Dorothea of Saxe Coburg Altenburg (age 16) were married. She by marriage Duchess Saxe Coburg Gotha. She the daughter of Duke Augustus of Saxe Coburg Altenburg (age 44) and Louise Charlotte Mecklenburg-Schwerin. He the son of Francis Saxe Coburg Gotha I Duke Saxe Coburg Gotha and Augusta Reuss Duchess Saxe Coburg Gotha (age 60). They were second cousin once removed.
On 03 Jul 1817 Bishop James Atlay was born to Henry Atlay and Elizabeth Rayner Hovell.
On 03 Jul 1820 John Lyon 10th Earl Strathmore and Kinghorne (age 51) died. His brother Thomas Lyon Bowes 11th Earl Strathmore and Kinghorne (age 47) succeeded 11th Earl Strathmore and Kinghorne. Marianna Cheape by marriage Countess Strathmore and Kinghorne.
Section I Tumuli 1843. The 30th of June 1843 was occupied in examining the middle part of a large barrow on Brassington Moor, usually called Galley Lowe [Map], but formerly written Callidge Lowe, which is probably more correct. About two feet from the surface were found a few human bones mixed with rats' bones and horses' teeth; amongst these bones (which had been disturbed by a labourer digging in search of treasure) the following highly interesting and valuable articles were discovered: several pieces of iron, some in the form of rivets, others quite shapeless, having been broken on the occasion above referred to, two arrow-heads of the same metal, a piece of coarse sandstone, which was rubbed into the form of a whetstone; an ivory pin or bodkin, of very neat execution; the fragments of a large urn of well-baked earthenware, which was glazed in the interior for about an inch above the bottom; two beads, one of green glass, the other of white enamel, with a coil of blue running through it, and fourteen beautiful pendant ornaments of pure, gold, eleven of which are encircled by settings of large and brilliantly coloured garnets, two are of gold without setting, and the remaining one is of gold wire twisted in a spiral manner, from the centre towards each extremity (a gold loop of identical pattern is affixed to a barbaric copy of a gold coin of Honorius in the writer's possession); they have evidently been intended to form one ornament only, most probably a necklace, for which use their form peculiarly adapts them. It will here not be out of place to borrow some quotations relative to a remarkable superstition connected with glass beads similar to those discovered in Galley Lowe, particularly the one having "two circular lines of opaque sky-blue and white," which seem to represent a serpent entwined round a centre, which is perforated. "This was certainly one of the Glain Neidyr of the Britons, derived from glain, which is pure and holy, and neidyr, a snake. Under the word glain, Mr. Owen, in his Welsh Dictionary, has given the following article: "The Nair Glain, transparent stones, or adder stones, were worn by the different orders of the Bards, each exhibiting its appropriate colour. There is no certainty that they were worn from superstition originally; perhaps that was the circumstance which gave rise to it. Whatever might have been the cause, the notion of their rare virtues was universal in all places where the Bardic religion was taught."
These beads are thus noticed by Bishop Gibson, in his improved edition of Camden's Britannia: "In most parts of Wales, and throughout all Scotland, and in Cornwall, we find it a common opinion of the vulgar, that about Midsummer-eve (though in the time they do not all agree) it is usual for snakes to meet in companies, and that by joining heads together and hissing, a kind of bubble is formed, like a ring, about the head of one of them, which the rest, by continual hissing, blow on, until it comes off at the tail, when it immediately hardens, and resembles a glass ring, which whoever finds shall prosper in all his undertakings: the rings they supposed to be thus generated are called gleinen nadroeth, namely, gemma anguinum. They are small glass annulets, commonly about half as wide as our finger-rings, but much thicker, of a green colour usually, though some of them are blue, and others curiously waved with blue, red, and white.'' There seems to be some connexion between the glain neidyr of the Britons and the ovum anguinnm, mentioned by Pliny as being held in veneration by the Druids of Gaul and to the formation of which he gives nearly the same origin. They were probably worn as a mark of distinction, and suspended round the neck as the perforations are not large enough to admit the finger. A large portion of this barrow still remaining untouched on the south-east side, which was but little elevated above the natural soil, yet extending farther from the centre, it offered a larger area, in which interments were more likely to be found than any other part of the tumulus, it was decided on resuming the search on the 3d of July, 1843, by digging from the outside until the former excavation in the centre was reached. In carrying out this design the following interments were discovered, all of which seem to pertain to a much more remote era than the interment whose discovery has been before recorded. First, the skeleton of a child, in a state of great decay; a little farther on a lengthy skeleton, the femur of which measures nineteen and a half inches, with a rudely ornamented urn of coarse clay deposited near the head; a small article of ivory, perforated with six holes, as though for the purpose of being sewn into some article of dress or ornament (a larger one of the same kind was found in a barrow at Gristhorpe, near Scarborough, in 1832); a small arrow-head of gray flint, a piece of iron-stone, and a piece of stag's horn, artificially pointed at the thicker end, were found in the immediate neighbourhood of the urn. Between this skeleton and the centre of the barrow four more skeletons were exhumed, two of which were of young persons; there was no mode of arrangement perceptible in the positions of the bodies, excepting that the heads seemed to lie nearest to the urn before mentioned. Amongst the bones of these four skeletons a small rude incense cup was found, which is of rather unusual form, being perforated with two holes on each side, opposite each other.
On 03 Jul 1845 Henry Charles Fitzroy Somerset 8th Duke Beaufort (age 21) and Georgiana Charlotte Curzon Howe Duchess Beaufort (age 20) were married. She the daughter of Richard William Penn Curzon Howe 1st Earl Howe (age 48) and Harriet Georgiana Brudenell Countess Howe. He the son of Henry Somerset 7th Duke Beaufort (age 53) and Emily Frances Smith Duchess Beaufort (age 45). They were fourth cousins.
On 03 Jul 1845 Percy Barrington 8th Viscount Barrington (age 20) and Louisa Higgins were married. He a great x 4 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.
On 03 Jul 1845 Samuel Morley 1st Baron Hollenden was born.
On 03 Jul 1855 James O'Brien 3rd Marquess Thomond (age 86) died.
On 03 Jul 1856 Alfred Nathaniel Holden Curzon 4th Baron Scarsdale (age 24) and Blanche Pocklington Senhouse Baroness Scarsdale (age 18) were married.
On 03 Jul 1866 Lieutenant-Colonel George Edward Heneage 2nd Baron Heneage was born to Edward Heneage 1st Baron Heneage (age 26) and Eleanor Cecilia Hare (age 21).
On 03 Jul 1903 William Lygon 8th Earl Beauchamp was born to William Lygon 7th Earl Beauchamp (age 31) and Lettice Mary Elizabeth Grosvenor Countess Beauchamp (age 26).
On 03 Jul 1930 Basil Sheridan Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood 4th Marquess of Dufferin and Ava (age 21) and Maureen Constance Guinness Marchioness of Dufferin and Ava (age 23) were married at St Margaret's Church, Westminster [Map]. He the son of Frederick Temple Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood 3rd Marquess of Dufferin and Ava (age 55).
On 03 Jul 1939 Wilfred William Ashley 1st Baron Mount Temple (age 71) died. Baron Mount Temple of Lee in the County of Southampton extinct.