On this Day in History ... 3rd July

03 Jul is in July.

1450 Jack Cade's Rebellion

1468 Marriage of Charles the Bold and Margaret of York

1537 Bigod's Rebellion

1933 Opening of the Twickenham, Hampton Court and Chiswick Bridges

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 3rd July

On 02 or 03 Jul 657 Pope Vitalian was elected Pope.

On 03 Jul 987 Hugh I King France (age 46) was crowned I King France: Capet. Adelaide Poitiers Queen Consort France (age 42) by marriage Queen France: Capet.

On 03 Jul 1035 Robert "Magnificent" Normandy I Duke Normandy (age 35) died at Nicaea. His son King William "Conqueror" I of England (age 7) succeeded II Duke Normandy.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 1053. About this time was the great wind, on the mass-night of St. Thomas; which did much harm everywhere. And all the midwinter also was much wind. It was this year resolved to slay Rees, the Welsh king's brother, because he did harm; and they brought his head to Gloucester on the eve of Twelfth-day. In this same year, before Allhallowmas, died Wulfsy, Bishop of Lichfield; and Godwin, Abbot of Winchcomb; and Aylward, Abbot of Glastonbury; all within one month. And Leofwine, Abbot of Coventry, took to the bishopric at Lichfield; Bishop Aldred to the abbacy at Winchcomb; and Aylnoth took to the abbacy at Glastonbury. The same year died Elfric, brother of Odda (age 60), at Deerhurst, Gloucestershire; and his body resteth at Pershore [Map].

On 03 Jul 1423 Louis "Father of the People" XI King France was born to Charles "Victorious" VII King France (age 20) and Marie Valois Anjou Queen Consort France (age 18). Coefficient of inbreeding 3.89%.

On 03 Jul 1449 King James II of Scotland (age 18) and Mary of Guelders Queen Consort Scotland (age 15) were married at Holyrood Abbey, Holyrood. She the daughter of Arnold Egmont 1st Duke Guelders (age 38) and Catherine La Marck (age 32). He the son of King James I of Scotland and Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland. He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III of England.

On 03 Jul 1449 Mary of Guelders Queen Consort Scotland (age 15) was crowned Queen Consort Scotland.

Chronicle of Gregory 1450. 03 Jul 1450. Ande in the evenynge they went why the hyr sympylle captayne to hys loggynge; botte a certayne of hys sympylle and rude mayny a-bode there alle the nyght, weny[n]ge to them that they hadde wytte and wysdome for to have gydyde or put in gydyng alle Ingelonde, alsosone at they hadde gote the cytte of London by a mysse happe of cuttynge of ij sory cordys that no we be alteryde, and made ij stronge schynys of yryn unto the draught brygge of London. But they hadde othyr men with hem, as welle of London as of there owne party. And by hem of on parte and of that othyr parte they lefte noo thyng unsoffethe, a and they serchyd alle that nyght.

On 03 Jul 1468 Charles "Bold" Valois Duke Burgundy (age 34) and Margaret of York Duchess of Burgundy (age 22) were married at Bruges [Map]. She the daughter of Richard Plantagenet 3rd Duke of York and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York (age 53). He the son of Philip "Good" Valois III Duke Burgundy and Isabella Aviz Duchess Burgundy (age 71). They were half second cousins. He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

John Paston (age 24) and John Scott Comptroller (age 45) travelled with Margaret. The marriage re-enforced King Edward IV's connection with the Low Countries.

Letters and Papers 1537. 3 July.

203. Norfolk to Cromwell.

Calig. B. vii. 224. B. M.

Received yesternight his letter of the 28 June and a packet under the King's Seal. Has appointed all therein named of the West Marches to be with him at York, Friday se'nnight, when Aske (age 37) is to suffer. Before his execution an exhortation to be given. Will take care to satisfy the King.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 03 Jul 1557. The iij day of July the Kyng (age 30) and the Quen (age 41) toke ther gornay [journey] toward Dover, Kent [Map], and lay all nyghtt at Syttyngborne [Map].

Around 03 Jul 1597 Henry Norreys 1st Baron Norreys Rycote (age 72) received a letter from Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (age 63) offering condolences on the death of his son John.

On 03 Jul 1642 Marie de Medici Queen Consort France (age 67) died.

Evelyn's Diary. 03 Jul 1658. To London, and dined with Mr. Henshaw (age 40), Mr. Dorell, and Mr. Ashmole (age 41), founder of the Oxford repository of rarities [Map], with divers doctors of physic and virtuosos.

Pepy's Diary. 03 Jul 1666. So with my heart full of content to bed. Newes come yesterday from Harwich [Map], that the Dutch had appeared upon our coast with their fleete, and we believe did go to the Gun-fleete, and they are supposed to be there now; but I have heard nothing of them to-day. Yesterday Dr. Whistler, at Sir W. Pen's (age 45), told me that Alexander Broome, a the great song-maker, is lately dead.

On 03 Jul 1668 Richard Brownlow 2nd Baronet (age 25) died. His son John Brownlow 3rd Baronet (age 9) succeeded 3rd Baronet Brownlow of Humby in Lincolnshire.

Monument St Peter and St Paul Church, Belton [Map]. Armorial Brownlow Arms with a canton of the Rad Hand of Ulster impaled his wife's Freke Arms.

Richard Brownlow 2nd Baronet: Before 1643 he was born to William Brownlow 1st Baronet and Elizabeth Duncombe. Before 26 Jun 1659 Richard Brownlow 2nd Baronet and Elizabeth Freke Lady Brownlow were married. In 1666 William Brownlow 1st Baronet died. His son Richard Brownlow 2nd Baronet succeeded 2nd Baronet Brownlow of Humby in Lincolnshire. Elizabeth Freke Lady Brownlow by marriage Lady Brownlow of Humby in Lincolnshire.

Evelyn's Diary. 03 Jul 1679. Sending a piece of venison to Mr. Pepys (age 46), still a prisoner, I went and dined with him.

On 03 Jul 1685 Robert Rich 4th Baronet was born to Robert Rich 2nd Baronet (age 37) and Mary Rich (age 26).

On 03 Jul 1738 John Singleton Copley was born. Probably in Boston, Massachusetts.

On 03 Jul 1741 Elisabeth Therese Lorraine Queen Consort Sardinia (age 29) died.

On 03 Jul 1746 Queen Sophia of Sweden was born to Frederick V King Denmark and Norway (age 23) and Louise Hanover Queen Consort Denmark and Norway (age 21). She a granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 03 Jul 1750 Richard Griffin 2nd Baron Braybrook was born to Richard Neville Aldworth Neville Griffin (age 32) and Magdalen Calandrini at Duke Street.

Section I Tumuli 1843. The 30th of June 1843 was occupied in examining the middle part of a large barrow on Brassington Moor, usually called Galley Lowe [Map], but formerly written Callidge Lowe, which is probably more correct. About two feet from the surface were found a few human bones mixed with rats' bones and horses' teeth; amongst these bones (which had been disturbed by a labourer digging in search of treasure) the following highly interesting and valuable articles were discovered: several pieces of iron, some in the form of rivets, others quite shapeless, having been broken on the occasion above referred to, two arrow-heads of the same metal, a piece of coarse sandstone, which was rubbed into the form of a whetstone; an ivory pin or bodkin, of very neat execution; the fragments of a large urn of well-baked earthenware, which was glazed in the interior for about an inch above the bottom; two beads, one of green glass, the other of white enamel, with a coil of blue running through it, and fourteen beautiful pendant ornaments of pure, gold, eleven of which are encircled by settings of large and brilliantly coloured garnets, two are of gold without setting, and the remaining one is of gold wire twisted in a spiral manner, from the centre towards each extremity (a gold loop of identical pattern is affixed to a barbaric copy of a gold coin of Honorius in the writer's possession); they have evidently been intended to form one ornament only, most probably a necklace, for which use their form peculiarly adapts them. It will here not be out of place to borrow some quotations relative to a remarkable superstition connected with glass beads similar to those discovered in Galley Lowe, particularly the one having "two circular lines of opaque sky-blue and white," which seem to represent a serpent entwined round a centre, which is perforated. "This was certainly one of the Glain Neidyr of the Britons, derived from glain, which is pure and holy, and neidyr, a snake. Under the word glain, Mr. Owen, in his Welsh Dictionary, has given the following article: "The Nair Glain, transparent stones, or adder stones, were worn by the different orders of the Bards, each exhibiting its appropriate colour. There is no certainty that they were worn from superstition originally; perhaps that was the circumstance which gave rise to it. Whatever might have been the cause, the notion of their rare virtues was universal in all places where the Bardic religion was taught."

These beads are thus noticed by Bishop Gibson, in his improved edition of Camden's Britannia: "In most parts of Wales, and throughout all Scotland, and in Cornwall, we find it a common opinion of the vulgar, that about Midsummer-eve (though in the time they do not all agree) it is usual for snakes to meet in companies, and that by joining heads together and hissing, a kind of bubble is formed, like a ring, about the head of one of them, which the rest, by continual hissing, blow on, until it comes off at the tail, when it immediately hardens, and resembles a glass ring, which whoever finds shall prosper in all his undertakings: the rings they supposed to be thus generated are called gleinen nadroeth, namely, gemma anguinum. They are small glass annulets, commonly about half as wide as our finger-rings, but much thicker, of a green colour usually, though some of them are blue, and others curiously waved with blue, red, and white.'' There seems to be some connexion between the glain neidyr of the Britons and the ovum anguinnm, mentioned by Pliny as being held in veneration by the Druids of Gaul and to the formation of which he gives nearly the same origin. They were probably worn as a mark of distinction, and suspended round the neck as the perforations are not large enough to admit the finger. A large portion of this barrow still remaining untouched on the south-east side, which was but little elevated above the natural soil, yet extending farther from the centre, it offered a larger area, in which interments were more likely to be found than any other part of the tumulus, it was decided on resuming the search on the 3d of July, 1843, by digging from the outside until the former excavation in the centre was reached. In carrying out this design the following interments were discovered, all of which seem to pertain to a much more remote era than the interment whose discovery has been before recorded. First, the skeleton of a child, in a state of great decay; a little farther on a lengthy skeleton, the femur of which measures nineteen and a half inches, with a rudely ornamented urn of coarse clay deposited near the head; a small article of ivory, perforated with six holes, as though for the purpose of being sewn into some article of dress or ornament (a larger one of the same kind was found in a barrow at Gristhorpe, near Scarborough, in 1832); a small arrow-head of gray flint, a piece of iron-stone, and a piece of stag's horn, artificially pointed at the thicker end, were found in the immediate neighbourhood of the urn. Between this skeleton and the centre of the barrow four more skeletons were exhumed, two of which were of young persons; there was no mode of arrangement perceptible in the positions of the bodies, excepting that the heads seemed to lie nearest to the urn before mentioned. Amongst the bones of these four skeletons a small rude incense cup was found, which is of rather unusual form, being perforated with two holes on each side, opposite each other.

On 03 Jul 1855 John Everett Millais 1st Baronet (age 26) and Euphemia "Effie" Gray Lady Millais (age 27) were married at Kinnoull Parish Church.

Births on the 3rd July

On 03 Jul 1423 Louis "Father of the People" XI King France was born to Charles "Victorious" VII King France (age 20) and Marie Valois Anjou Queen Consort France (age 18). Coefficient of inbreeding 3.89%.

On 03 Jul 1576 Anna Hohenzollern was born to Albert Frederick Hohenzollern Duke Prussia (age 23).

On 03 Jul 1631 John Roettiers was born to Philip Roettiers.

On 03 Jul 1664 James Stanley 10th Earl of Derby was born to Charles Stanley 8th Earl of Derby (age 36) and Dorothea Helena Kirkoven Countess Derby (age 34).

On 03 Jul 1666 Elizabeth Killigrew was born to Thomas Killigrew (age 54) and Charlotte Hesse (age 37).

On 03 Jul 1672 Henri Bourbon Condé was born to Henri Jules Bourbon Condé Prince Condé (age 28) and Anne Henriette Palatinate Simmern (age 23). He a great x 2 grandson of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland.

On 03 Jul 1685 Robert Rich 4th Baronet was born to Robert Rich 2nd Baronet (age 37) and Mary Rich (age 26).

On 03 Jul 1686 Edward Watson was born to Lewis Watson 1st Earl Rockingham (age 30) and Catherine Sondes Countess Rockingham (age 28).

On 03 Jul 1706 Robert Lee 4th Earl Lichfield was born to Edward Lee 1st Earl Lichfield (age 43) and Charlotte Fitzroy Countess Lichfield (age 41). He a grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 03 Jul 1709 Friedrike Wilhelmine Hohenzollern was born to Frederick William "Soldier King" I King Prussia (age 20) and Sophia Dorothea Hanover Queen Consort Prussia (age 22). She a granddaughter of King George I of Great Britain and Ireland. Coefficient of inbreeding 8.31%.

On 03 Jul 1710 Felton Hervey was born to John Hervey 1st Earl Bristol (age 44) and Elizabeth Felton Countess Bristol (age 33).

On 03 Jul 1735 Nathaniel Ryder 1st Baron Harrowby was born to Dudley Ryder (age 44) and Anne Newnham.

On 03 Jul 1738 John Singleton Copley was born. Probably in Boston, Massachusetts.

On 03 Jul 1746 Queen Sophia of Sweden was born to Frederick V King Denmark and Norway (age 23) and Louise Hanover Queen Consort Denmark and Norway (age 21). She a granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 03 Jul 1750 Richard Griffin 2nd Baron Braybrook was born to Richard Neville Aldworth Neville Griffin (age 32) and Magdalen Calandrini at Duke Street.

On 03 Jul 1757 James Sholto Douglas was born to Charles James Sholto Douglas and Basilia Dawes.

On 03 Jul 1767 Charlotte Fitzroy Viscountess Dungannon was born to Charles Fitzroy 1st Baron Southampton (age 30) and Anne Warren Baroness Southampton (age 29). She was baptisd at St George's Church, Hanover Square on 30 Jul 1767. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 03 Jul 1776 Henry Parnell 1st Baron Congleton was born to John Parnell 2nd Baronet (age 31) and Laetitia Charlotte Brooke.

On 03 Jul 1783 John Savile 3rd Earl Mexborough was born to John Savile 2nd Earl Mexborough (age 22) and Elizabeth Stephenson Countess Mexborough (age 21).

On 03 Jul 1805 James Archibald Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie was born to James Archibald Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie 1st Baron Wharncliffe (age 28) and Elizabeth Caroline Mary Crichton Baroness Wharncliffe.

On 03 Jul 1812 Richard Cavendish was born to William Cavendish and Louisa Ocallaghan.

On 03 Jul 1817 Bishop James Atlay was born to Henry Atlay and Elizabeth Rayner Hovell.

On or before 03 Jul 1833 William Forbes was born to William Forbes of Callander and Louisa Antoinetta Charteris (age 38). He was baptised 03 Jul 1833.

On 03 Jul 1834 Charlotte Maria Guest was born to John Josiah Guest 1st Baronet (age 49) and Charlotte Elizabeth Bertie (age 22).

On 03 Jul 1835 Anatole Placide Avegno was born.

On 03 Jul 1840 Charles Hanbury Tracy 4th Baron Sudeley was born to Thomas Charles Hanbury-Tracy 2nd Baron Sudeley (age 39) and Emma Elizabeth Alicia Dawkins-Pennant Baroness Sudeley.

On 03 Jul 1845 Samuel Morley 1st Baron Hollenden was born.

On 03 Jul 1872 Hugo Meynell FitzHerbert 6th Baronet was born to Richard Fitzherbert 5th Baronet (age 26) and Mary Anne Arkwright Lady Fitzherbert (age 21).

On 03 Jul 1874 Rolland Edward Douglas was born to Gavin James Douglas (age 43) and Margaret Moore.

On 03 Jul 1874 Feodora Adelheid Oldenburg was born to Frederick Christian Oldenburg II Duke Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg (age 44) and Adelheid Hohenlohe Langenburg Duchess Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg.

On 03 Jul 1880 Violet Lambton Countess Ellesmere was born to Frederick Lambton 4th Earl Durham (age 25) and Beatrix Bulteel Countess Durham (age 21). Coefficient of inbreeding 1.57%.

On 03 Jul 1883 Evelyn Mary Hepburn-Stuart-Forbes-Trefusis was born to Charles Hepburn-Stuart-Forbes-Trefusis 20th Baron Clinton (age 49) and Margaret Walrond Baroness Clinton (age 33).

On 03 Jul 1903 Rosamond Christabel Rashleigh was born to Arthur Rashleigh (age 32) and Edith Letitia Anna Emerson-Tennent (age 27).

On 03 Jul 1912 Anthony Banks Jenkinson 13th Baronet was born to Captain John Banks Jenkinson (age 31) and Joan Hill.

On 03 Jul 1919 Barbara Abney-Hastings 13th Countess of Loudoun was born to Reginald Mowbray Chichester Huddleston (age 25) and Edith Maud Rawdon-Hastings 12th Countess Loudon (age 36).

Marriages on the 3rd July

Around 03 Jul 1361 John Montfort V Duke Brittany (age 22) and Mary Plantagenet Duchess Brittany (age 16) were married. She the daughter of King Edward III of England (age 48) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England (age 47). They were third cousins. He a great x 2 grandson of King Henry III of England.

On 03 Jul 1449 King James II of Scotland (age 18) and Mary of Guelders Queen Consort Scotland (age 15) were married at Holyrood Abbey, Holyrood. She the daughter of Arnold Egmont 1st Duke Guelders (age 38) and Catherine La Marck (age 32). He the son of King James I of Scotland and Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland. He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III of England.

After 03 Jul 1461 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock (age 61) and Agnes Danvers Baroness Wenlock (age 53) were married. She by marriage Baroness Wenlock.

On 03 Jul 1468 Charles "Bold" Valois Duke Burgundy (age 34) and Margaret of York Duchess of Burgundy (age 22) were married at Bruges [Map]. She the daughter of Richard Plantagenet 3rd Duke of York and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York (age 53). He the son of Philip "Good" Valois III Duke Burgundy and Isabella Aviz Duchess Burgundy (age 71). They were half second cousins. He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

John Paston (age 24) and John Scott Comptroller (age 45) travelled with Margaret. The marriage re-enforced King Edward IV's connection with the Low Countries.

On 03 Jul 1632 John Dryden 2nd Baronet (age 52) and Honora Beville (age 22) were married at St Mary's Church, Canons Ashby. The difference in their ages was 29 years.

On 03 Jul 1651 Thomas Belasyse 1st Earl Fauconberg (age 24) and Mildred Saunderson were married.

On 03 Jul 1675 Henry Hamilton Moore 3rd Earl of Drogheda (age 20) and Mary Cole (age 15) were married. He the son of Henry Moore 1st Earl Drogheda (age 53) and Alice Spencer Countess Drogheda (age 49). They were second cousin once removed.

Before 03 Jul 1697 Thomas Nightingale 2nd Baronet (age 67) and Jane Shires were married.

On 03 Jul 1733 Thomas Thynne 2nd Viscount Weymouth (age 23) and Louisa Carteret Viscountess Weymouth (age 21) were married. She by marriage Viscountess Weymouth. She the daughter of John Carteret 2nd Earl Granville (age 43) and Frances Worsley Countess Granville (age 40). They were second cousin once removed.

Before 03 Jul 1734 Henry Fermor 1st Baronet and Dorothy Thornycroft were married. His first wife.

Before 03 Jul 1734 Henry Fermor 1st Baronet and Catherine Thomas were married. His second wife, her fourth husband.

On 03 Jul 1773 Luke Gardiner 1st Viscount Mountjoy (age 28) and Elizabeth Montgomery (age 22) were married.

On 03 Jul 1781 Evelyn Shirley (age 24) and Phillis Byam Wollaston were married.

On 03 Jul 1802 Edward Poore (age 29) and Elizabeth Gibson were married.

On 03 Jul 1806 William Abdy 7th Baronet (age 27) and Anne Wellesley Lady Abdy (age 18) were married at Hyde Park Corner; this is possibly Apsley House Hyde Park Corner. She by marriage Lady Abdy of Felix Hall in Kelveden in Essex. She the illegitmate daughter of Richard Wellesley 1st Marquess Wellesley (age 46) and Hyacinthe Gabrielle Roland Marchioness Wellesley (age 40).

On 03 Jul 1815 William Vane 3rd Duke Cleveland (age 23) and Grace Caroline Lowther Duchess of Cleveland were married at St James' Church, Piccadilly. She the daughter of William Lowther 1st Earl Lonsdale (age 57) and Augusta Fane Countess Lonsdale (age 53). He the son of William Henry Vane 1st Duke Cleveland (age 48) and Catharine Margaret Powlett Countess Darlington. He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 03 Jul 1817 Ernest Saxe Coburg Gotha I Duke Saxe Coburg Gotha (age 33) and Duchess Louise Dorothea of Saxe Coburg Altenburg (age 16) were married. She by marriage Duchess Saxe Coburg Gotha. She the daughter of Duke Augustus of Saxe Coburg Altenburg (age 44) and Louise Charlotte Mecklenburg-Schwerin. He the son of Francis Saxe Coburg Gotha I Duke Saxe Coburg Gotha and Augusta Reuss Duchess Saxe Coburg Gotha (age 60). They were second cousin once removed.

On 03 Jul 1821 Spencer Perceval (age 25) and Anna Eliza MacLoed were married.

After 03 Jul 1833 William Forbes and Edith Marion Hervey were married.

On 03 Jul 1837 Edmund Hayes 3rd Baronet (age 31) and Emily Pakenham were married.

On 03 Jul 1845 Percy Barrington 8th Viscount Barrington (age 20) and Louisa Higgins were married. He a great x 4 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 03 Jul 1845 Henry Charles Fitzroy Somerset 8th Duke Beaufort (age 21) and Georgiana Charlotte Curzon Howe Duchess Beaufort (age 20) were married. She the daughter of Richard William Penn Curzon Howe 1st Earl Howe (age 48) and Harriet Georgiana Brudenell Countess Howe. He the son of Henry Somerset 7th Duke Beaufort (age 53) and Emily Frances Smith Duchess Beaufort (age 45). They were fourth cousins.

On 03 Jul 1855 John Everett Millais 1st Baronet (age 26) and Euphemia "Effie" Gray Lady Millais (age 27) were married at Kinnoull Parish Church.

On 03 Jul 1856 Alfred Nathaniel Holden Curzon 4th Baron Scarsdale (age 24) and Blanche Pocklington Senhouse Baroness Scarsdale (age 18) were married.

Before 03 Jul 1888 William Chetwynd-Talbot (age 74) and Eleanora Julia (age 65) were married. He the son of Charles Chetwynd-Talbot 2nd Earl Talbot and Frances Thomasine Lambart Countess Talbot.

On 03 Jul 1937 Alfonso Bourbon (age 30) and Marta Esther Rocafort Altuzarra were married. He the son of Alfonso XIII King Spain (age 51) and Victoria Eugénie Mountbatten Queen Consort Spain (age 49). He a great grandson of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

Deaths on the 3rd July

On 03 Jul 1035 Robert "Magnificent" Normandy I Duke Normandy (age 35) died at Nicaea. His son King William "Conqueror" I of England (age 7) succeeded II Duke Normandy.

Before 03 Jul 1281 Ralph III Boteler of Oversley (age 61) died.

On 03 Jul 1285 Margaret Dampierre Duchess Brabant (age 32) died.

On 03 Jul 1383 John Crophull (age 78) died at Newbold Verdon, Leicestershire.

On 03 Jul 1414 John Cornwall (age 39) died.

On 03 Jul 1453 John Heveningham (age 53) died.

On 03 Jul 1461 John Fray (age 64) died.

On 03 Jul 1464 John Harpur of Rushall (age 39) died.

On 03 Jul 1482 Alice Gascoigne (age 66) died at Thornhill.

Around 03 Jul 1494 Elizabeth St John (age 46) died.

On 03 Jul 1558 Edward Eyre (age 71) died.

On 03 Jul 1579 Edward Fitton (age 52) died at Dublin [Map]. He was buried at Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford, Dublin [Map] on 21 Sep 1579.

On 03 Jul 1597 John Norreys (age 50) died.

On 03 Jul 1609 Johanna Wettin (age 3) died at Weimar.

On 03 Jul 1623 Francis Barrington (age 50) died.

On 03 Jul 1628 Francis Barrington 1st Baronet (age 68) died.

On 03 Jul 1642 Marie de Medici Queen Consort France (age 67) died.

On 03 Jul 1644 William Wentworth of Ahsby (age 51) died.

On 03 Jul 1652 Mary Whitmore (age 77) died.

On 03 Jul 1665 James Grey (age 47) died at Merton, Norfolk.

On 03 Jul 1668 Richard Brownlow 2nd Baronet (age 25) died. His son John Brownlow 3rd Baronet (age 9) succeeded 3rd Baronet Brownlow of Humby in Lincolnshire.

Monument St Peter and St Paul Church, Belton [Map]. Armorial Brownlow Arms with a canton of the Rad Hand of Ulster impaled his wife's Freke Arms.

Richard Brownlow 2nd Baronet: Before 1643 he was born to William Brownlow 1st Baronet and Elizabeth Duncombe. Before 26 Jun 1659 Richard Brownlow 2nd Baronet and Elizabeth Freke Lady Brownlow were married. In 1666 William Brownlow 1st Baronet died. His son Richard Brownlow 2nd Baronet succeeded 2nd Baronet Brownlow of Humby in Lincolnshire. Elizabeth Freke Lady Brownlow by marriage Lady Brownlow of Humby in Lincolnshire.

On 03 Jul 1671 Timothy Shelley (age 42) died.

On 03 Jul 1672 Francis Willoughby (age 36) died.

On 03 Jul 1673 John Shelley (age 65) died.

On 03 Jul 1674 John Middleton 1st Earl Middleton (age 66) died at Tangier. His son Charles Middleton 2nd Earl Middleton (age 24) succeeded 2nd Earl Middleton.

On 03 Jul 1687 Marmaduke Darcy (age 72) died unmarried and without issue.

On 03 Jul 1697 Robert Nightingale died.

On 03 Jul 1734 Henry Fermor 1st Baronet died. Charles Eversfield 2nd Baronet (age 26) succeeded 2nd Baronet Eversfield of Welches in Suffolk and Sevenoak in Kent. He was a first cousin twice removed of his wife's first husband John Eversfield of Horsham, Sussex.

On 03 Jul 1741 Elisabeth Therese Lorraine Queen Consort Sardinia (age 29) died.

Before 03 Jul 1747 Michael Fleming (age 78) died.

On 03 Jul 1778 James Hay 15th Earl Erroll (age 52) died at Callendar House, Falkirk. His son George Hay 16th Earl Erroll (age 11) succeeded 16th Earl Erroll.

On 03 Jul 1792 Ferdinand Guelph (age 71) died at Vechelde, Peine, Lower Saxony.

On 03 Jul 1803 George Brabazon 1st Baronet (age 53) died.

On 03 Jul 1813 Charlotte Robinson (age 23) died.

On 03 Jul 1824 Anne Miller Countess Albermarle (age 98) died.

On 03 Jul 1850 William Henry Francis Petre 11th Baron Petre (age 57) died. His son William Bernard Petre 12th Baron Petre (age 32) succeeded 12th Baron Petre.

On 03 Jul 1855 James O'Brien 3rd Marquess Thomond (age 86) died.

On 03 Jul 1857 Anna Maria Stanhope Duchess Bedford (age 73) died.

On 03 Jul 1859 Bishop Edward Maltby (age 89) died. He was buried at Kensal Green Cemetery.

On 03 Jul 1860 Major General Godfrey Charles Mundy (age 56) died.

On 03 Jul 1862 Augusta Talbot Baroness Howard (age 31) died.

On 03 Jul 1888 Augusta Bingham Baroness Alington (age 56) died.

On 03 Jul 1888 William Chetwynd-Talbot (age 74) died.

On 03 Jul 1903 Elizabeth Catherine Pack Lady Anson (age 82) died.

On 03 Jul 1914 Denis George William Anson 4th Baronet (age 25) died. His first cousin John Henry Algernon Anson 5th Baronet (age 17) succeeded 5th Baronet Anson of Birch Hall in Lancashire.

News Report Adelaide 'Advertiser' of 10 August 1914:

The tragic deaths of the young baronet, Sir Denis Anson (age 25) and Mr. William Mitchell, who were drowned in the Thames in the early hours of last Friday morning [3 July], were, it seems, brought about by sheer folly born of natural high spirits, stimulated by champagne. Sir Denis, who was only 26 [25] years of age, was the son of the late Mr. Frederick Arthur Anson, of Piraki, New Zealand, and spent the early part of his boyhood in New Zealand. He came to England to be educated at Eton, and later went to Oxford University. He studied law, and a short time ago was called to the bar, and began practice in chambers in Mitre Court, Temple, in the same building where his uncle, the late Sir William Anson (deceased), to whose baronetcy Sir Denis only succeeded about a month ago, had chambers. Sir Denis was the only son of his parents, and the youngest of a family of five. At the time of the tragedy he was living in Half Union-street with his mother and sister.The tragedy had its origin in one of the now fashionable "midnight picnics" up the river. Sir Denis Anson was one of a party of 12 or 14 ladies and gentlemen who boarded a steam launch at Westminster Pier shortly after midnight on Thursday. The party included Count Constantine Beckendorff, a son of the Russian Ambassador, Miss Iris Tree, daughter of the famous actor [Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree], the Hon. Kasper Ridley (brother of Viscount Ridley), Mr. Raymond Asquith (son of the Prime Minister) and Lady Diana Manners, daughter of the Duke of Rutland, and there were also a number of musicians on board to discourse sweet music during the trip. The party, it appears, took supper whilst the launch was making its way up the river to Hampton Court, and nothing untoward happened until the homeward journey was nearing completion. It seems to have been a very merry party, and Sir Denis appears to have endeavoured to add to the merriment by what schoolboys term "playing the goat" - climbing about the superstructure of the launch and the like. Presently, when the launch was nearing Battersea Bridge Sir Denis announced his intention of diving overboard, and climbed on to the bridge to do so. Captain White, who was in charge of the launch, appears to have prevented him carrying out his intention, and to have cautioned Sir Denis as to his conduct. What actually happened thereafter has produced half a dozen stories, differing materially in detail, but the main facts are clear. Sir Denis was chaffed by some of his companionsabout his threat to dive overboard, and to prove his courage took a header into the river. The ebb tide was running very fast at the time, and the River Thames at this point is full of swirls and eddies, against which a strong swimmer in nature's garb would find it almost useless to struggle. For a man hampered by clothing - even light evening dress, minus coat - it was courting disaster to do what Sir Denis did, even if his swimming abilities were above the ordinary. The unfortunate young fellow seems to have realised the fact that he had over-estimated his powers very quickly, for he called out something which those on the launch who heard his cries took to be an indication that the baronet was in difficulties. Bandsman Mitchell was the first to act. Without waiting to remove his clothing he plunged overboard to the rescue. It was gallant madness, for, clothed was he was, Mitchell could make no sort of fight against the fast running tide, and was carried away. A few seconds after Mitchell's plunge there was another splash, and Count Beckendorff had followed Mitchell's lead. But neither Mitchell nor the Count had gone far before a strangled cry arose from Sir Denis, and a moment later the waters had closed over his head. That was the last seen of the young baronet. Meanwhile the launch had been stopped and put about, and a waterman, who had heard Sir Denis' cry of distress, came upon the scene in a rowing boat. By that tine, however, poor Mitchell had also disappeared, and Count Beckendorff was indire distress, when the waterman came to his rescue and pulled him into the boat. The Count was in an exhausted condition, and but for the timely arrival of the waterman there would have been a triple tragedy. As it was, two men lost their lives. The launch and the rowing-boat cruised about the place where Sir Denis and Mitchell had disappeared for a long time, but of the two poor fellows not a trace could be found. Mitchell's body was washed up by the tide near Battersea Bridge on Saturday morning, but several days elapsed before the mortal remains of Sir Denis Anson were discovered lying beneath a raft of timbers near Lambeth Bridge, some three miles away from the scene of the tragedy. At the inquest a large amount of attention was paid to the question of Sir Denis' sobriety. It was admitted that the young baronet had partaken of wine, but it was strenuously denied by every witness that he was inebriated in any sense of the word. "He was merry and full of life," said the captain of the launch, but was certainly not intoxicated, in the opinion of the skipper. And that was the burden of all the witnesses' testimony. Sir Denis was, as always, full of life and fun, and was the life and soul of the party, but he had not had too much drink. So the jury found a verdict of accidental death, and added thereto the rider tha they found that Sir Denis was "quite sober, but full of fun."

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