On this Day in History ... 4th August

04 Aug is in August.

1265 Battle of Evesham

1327 Battle of Stanhope Park

1578 Battle of Alcácer Quibir or the Three Kings

1586 Babington Plot

1643 Battle of Gainsborough

1661 Creation of Baronets and Peerages by Charles II Post Coronation

1715 Battle of Preston

1936 Limerick Grand Prix

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 4th August

On 04 Aug 1060 King Henry I of France (age 52) died. His son Philip "Amorous" I King France (age 8) succeeded I King France: Capet.

On 04 Aug 1265 the army loyal to King Henry III of England (age 57), led by his son the future King Edward "Longshanks" I of England (age 26), supported by Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester 6th Earl Hertford (age 21), Warin Basingburne and John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield (age 33) defeated the rebel army of Simon de Montfort 6th Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Chester (age 57) at the Battle of Evesham.

Roger Leybourne (age 50) fought and reputedly saved the King's life.

Adam Mohaut rescued the King.

Alan de Plugenet of Kilpec fought for the King.

Simon de Montfort 6th Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Chester (age 57) and his son Henry Montfort (age 26) were killed. Earl of Leicester, Earl Chester forfeit.

Hugh Despencer (age 41) was killed by Roger Mortimer 1st Baron Mortimer of Wigmore (age 34).

Simon Beauchamp (age 31), Ralph Basset (age 50), William Devereux (age 46), Hugh Troyes, Richard Trussel, Peter Montfort (age 60), William Mandeville, William Crepping, William Birmingham, Guy Balliol and Thomas Astley (age 50) were killed. Henry Hastings (age 30), Humphrey Bohun (age 44), Nicholas Segrave 1st Baron Segrave (age 27), John Vesci, John Fitzjohn and Guy Montfort Count Nola (age 21) were captured.

John Vesci was wounded and taken prisoner.

On 04 Aug 1327, during the night, James "Black" Douglas (age 41) ambushed Edward III's (age 14) camp at Stanhope Park Weardale [Map]. Douglas (age 41) reached Edward III's (age 14) collapsed tent nearly capturing the English King.

On 04 Aug 1534 Louis Valois II Duke Longueville (age 24) and Mary of Guise Queen Consort Scotland (age 18) were married. She by marriage Duchess Longueville. She the daughter of Claude Lorraine 1st Duke Guise (age 37) and Antoinette Bourbon Duchess of Guise (age 41). He the son of Louis Valois I Duke Longueville and Johanna Hochberg Duchess Longueville.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 04 Aug 1557. The iiij day of August was the masse of requiem for my lade prenses of Cleyff (deceased), and dowther to [William] duke of Cleyff [Note. Anne of Cleves was daughter to John La Marck III Duke Cleves]; and ther my lord abbott of Westmynster (age 42) mad a godly sermon as ever was mad, and [then] ... the byshope of London (age 57) song masse in ys myter; [and after] masse my lord byshope and my lord abbott (age 42) mytered dyd [cense] the corsse; and afterward she was caried to her tomb, [where] she leys with a herse-cloth of gold, the wyche lyys [over her]; and ther alle her hed offesers brake ther stayffes, [and all] her hussears [ushers] brake ther rodes, and all they cast them in-to her tombe; the wyche was covered her co[rps] with blake, and all the lordes and lades and knyghtes and gentyllmen and gentell-women dyd offer, and after masse agrett [dinner] at my lord (abbat's); and my lade of Wynchester was the cheyff [mourner,] and my lord admeroll (age 47) and my lord Darce (age 60) whent of ether syde of my lade of Wynchester, and so they whent in order to dinner.

On 04 Aug 1578 Sebastian King Portugal (age 24) was killed at the Battle of Alcácer Quibir or the Three Kings. He was succeeded by his great uncle Henrique Aviz Cardinal King Portgal 1512-1580.

On 04 Aug 1586 John Ballard was arrested and, under torture, he confessd and implicated Anthony Babington (age 24).

After 04 Aug 1586 Christopher Wray (age 62) passed sentence of death on those implicated.

On 04 Aug 1598 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley (age 77) died. His son Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter (age 56) succeeded 2nd Baron Burghley. He was buried at St Martin's Church, Stamford [Map] with a large free-standing Elizabethan Period monument under the north chapel arch, in coloured marbles with a figure on tomb chest under an arched canopy supported on paired columns. Attributed to Cornelius Cure. The emblem of the Knights of the Garter on William's left shoulder. Leg Garter. In his right-hand he is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office; originally white.

The inscription one the monument is on contained within three panels: two on the south (Chancel) side, and one on the north (Chapel) side.

Sacred to God most good and great, and to memory. The most honourable and far renowned Lord William Cecil, Baron of Burghley, Lord High Treasurer of England, President of the Court of Wards, knight of the most noble order of the Garter, Privy Counsellor to the most serene Elizabeth, Queen of England, &c., and Chancellor of the University of Cambridge, under this tomb awaits the second coming of Christ: Who for the excellent endowments of the mind, was first made Privy Counsellor to Edward the sixth, King of England; afterwards to Queen Elizabeth: under whom being intrusted with the greatest and most weighty affairs of this kingdom, and above all others approved, in promoting the true religion, and providing for the safety and honour of the commonwealth; by his prudence, honesty, integrity, and great services to the nation, he obtained the highest honours: and when he had long enough to nature, long enough for glory, but not long enough to his country, quietly fell asleep in Christ. He had two wives: Mary, sister of Sir John Cheeke, knight, of whom ie begat one son, Thomas (age 56), now Baron of Burghley; and Mildred, daughter of Sir Anthony Cooke, knight, who bore to him Sir Robert Cecil (age 35), knight, Privy Counsellor to Queen Elizabeth and President of the Court of Wards; Anne, married to Edward, Earl of Oxford (age 48); and Elizabeth (age 34) to William Wentworth, eldest son of Baron Wentworth.

Mary Cheke: she was born to Peter Cheke. In 1541 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley and she were married. In Feb 1543 Mary Cheke died.

Elizabeth Cecil: On 01 Jul 1564 she was born to William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley and Mildred Cooke Baroness Burghley. On 26 Feb 1582 William Wentworth and she were married.

On 28 Jul 1643 the Parliamentary arms commanded by Oliver Cromwell (age 44) and the Royalist army commanded by Charles Cavendish (age 23) fought at the Battle of Gainsborough at North Scarle.

Charles Cavendish (age 23) was killed by James Berry. He was buried at Newark on Trent, Nottinghamshire [Map].

On 04 Aug 1643 the Royalist Newdigate Poyntz (age 34) died probably from wounds received at the battle.

In Aug 1661 King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 31) created new Baronetcies and Peerages ...

02 Aug 1661 Thomas Carew 1st Baronet (age 29) was created 1st Baronet Carew of Haccombe in Devon.

04 Aug 1661 John Chichester 1st Baronet (age 38) was created 1st Baronet Chichester of Raleigh in Devon.

07 Aug 1661 Mark Milbanke 1st Baronet (age 23) was created 1st Baronet Milbanke of Halnaby in Yorkshire. Elizabeth Acklom Lady Milbanke by marriage Lady Milbanke of Halnaby in Yorkshire.

17 Aug 1661 William Boyd 1st Earl Kilmarnock (age 15) was created 1st Earl Kilmarnock.

Evelyn's Diary. 04 Aug 1665. I went to Wotton, Surrey [Map] with my Son and his tutor, Mr. Bohun, Fellow of New College (recommended to me by Dr. Wilkins (age 51), and the President of New College, Oxford), for fear of the pestilence, still increasing in London and its environs. On my return, I called at Durdans, where I found Dr. Wilkins (age 51), Sir William Petty (age 42), and Mr. Hooke (age 30), contriving chariots, new rigging for ships, a wheel for one to run races in, and other mechanical inventions; perhaps three such persons together were not to be found elsewhere in Europe, for parts and ingenuity.

Evelyn's Diary. 04 Aug 1686. I dined at Signor Verrio's (age 50), the famous Italian painter, now settled in his Majesty's garden at St. James's [Map], which he had made a very delicious paradise.

The 1715 Battle of Preston was the final action of the 1715 Jacobite Rebellion. It commenced on 09 Nov 1715 when Jacobite cavalry entered Preston, Lancashire [Map]. Royalist troops arrived in number over the next few days surrounding Preston forcing the Jaocbite surrender. 1463 were taken prisoner of which 463 were English. The Scottish prisoners included:

George Seton 5th Earl of Winton (age 37). The only prisoner to plead not guilty, sentenced to death, escaped from the Tower of London [Map] on 04 Aug 1716 around nine in the evening. Travelled to France then to Rome.

On 24 Feb 1716 William Gordon 6th Viscount Kenmure was beheaded on Tower Hill [Map].

On 09 Feb 1716 William Maxwell 5th Earl Nithsale was sentenced to be executed on 24 Feb 1716. The night before his wife (age 35) effected his escape from the Tower of London [Map] by exchanging his clothes with those of her maid. They travelled to Paris then to Rome where the court of James "Old Pretender" Stewart (age 26) was.

James Radclyffe 3rd Earl Derwentwater (age 25) was imprisoned in the Tower of London [Map]. He was examined by the Privy Council on 10 Jan 1716 and impeached on 19 Jan 1716. He pleaded guilty in the expectation of clemency. He was attainted and condemned to death. Attempts were made to procure his pardon. His wife Anna Maria Webb Countess Derwentwater (age 23), her sister Mary Webb Countess Waldegrave (age 20) [Note. Assumed to be her sister Mary], their aunt Anne Brudenell Duchess Richmond (age 44), Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland appealed to King George I of Great Britain and Ireland (age 54) in person without success.

On 24 Feb 1716 James Radclyffe 3rd Earl Derwentwater (age 25) was beheaded on Tower Hill [Map]. Earl Derwentwater, Baronet Radclyffe of Derwentwater in Cumberland forfeit.

William Murray 2nd Lord Nairne was tried on 09 Feb 1716 for treason, found guilty, attainted, and condemned to death. He survived long enough to benefit from the Indemnity Act of 1717.

General Thomas Forster of Adderstone (age 31) was attainted. He was imprisoned at Newgate Prison, London [Map] but escaped to France.

On 14 May 1716 Henry Oxburgh was hanged, drawn and quartered at Tyburn [Map]. He was buried at Church of St Gile's in the Fields. His head was spiked on Temple Bar.

The trials and sentences were overseen by the Lord High Steward William Cowper 1st Earl Cowper (age 50) for which he subsequently received his Earldom.

After 04 Aug 1720. Memorial to Nicholas Latham, parson of St Andrews Church, Barnwell [Map] for fifty-one years. Demi-figure to right of altar, in arch-head niche with inscribed panel, scrolls and armorial device above.

1911 Encyclopædia Britannica. SHELLEY, PERCY BYSSHE (1792–1822), English poet, was born on the 4th of August 1792 was born at Field Place, near Horsham, Sussex. He was the eldest child of Timothy Shelley (1753–1844) (age 38), M.P. for Shoreham, by his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Charles Pilfold, of Effingham, Surrey. His father (age 38) was the son and heir of Sir Bysshe Shelley (age 61), Bart. (d. 1815), whose baronetcy (1806) was a reward from the Whig party for political services. Sir Bysshe's (age 61) father Timothy had emigrated to America, and he himself had been born in Newark, New Jersey; but he came back to England, and did well for himself by marrying successively two heiresses, the first, the mother of Timothy (age 38), being Mary Catherine, daughter of the Rev. Theobald Michell of Horsham. He was a handsome man of enterprising and remarkable character, accumulated a vast fortune, built Castle Goring, and lived in sullen and penurious retirement in his closing years. None of his talent seems to have descended to his son Timothy (age 38), who, except for being of a rather oddly self-assertive character, was indistinguishable from the ordinary run of commonplace country squires. The mother of the poet is described as beautiful, and a woman of good abilities, but not with any literary turn; she was an agreeable letter-writer. The branch of the Shelley family to which the poet Percy Bysshe belonged traces its pedigree to Henry Shelley, of Worminghurst, Sussex, who died in 1623. These Worminghurst or Castle Goring Shelleys are of the same stock as the Michelgrove Shelleys, who trace up to Sir William Shelley, judge of the common pleas under Henry VII., thence to a member of parliament in 1415, and to the reign of Edward I., or even to the epoch of the Norman Conquest. The Worminghurst branch was a family of credit, but not of special distinction, until its fortunes culminated under the above-named Sir Bysshe.

On 04 Aug 1814 Mary Bailie-Hamilton Countess Aberdeen was born to George Bailie (age 50).

On 04 Aug 1830 Captain Peter Rainier (age 45) was appointed Aide-de-Camp to King William IV of the United Kingdom (age 64).

After 04 Aug 1915. Church of St Mary the Virgin, Tittleshall [Map]. Memorial to Lieutenant John Kenelm Digby (deceased), Reverend Lionel Kenelm Digby (age 31) and Kenelm William Digby (age 43).

Lieutenant John Kenelm Digby: On 21 Nov 1890 he was born to Algernon Digby. On 04 Aug 1915 Lieutenant John Kenelm Digby was killed in action.

Reverend Lionel Kenelm Digby: On 15 Nov 1883 he was born to Reginald Digby. On 18 Oct 1918 Reverend Lionel Kenelm Digby was killed in action.

Kenelm William Digby: On 20 Jan 1872 he was born to William FitzGerald Digby. On 02 Oct 1919 Kenelm William Digby died at Calcutta, India.

Births on the 4th August

On 04 Aug 1222 Richard de Clare 6th Earl Gloucester 5th Earl Hertford was born to Gilbert Clare 5th Earl Gloucester 4th Earl Hertford (age 42) and Isabel Marshal Countess Cornwall, Gloucester and Hertford (age 21). He a great x 3 grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England.

On 04 Aug 1290 Leopold Habsburg I Duke Austria was born to Albert Habsburg I Duke Austria (age 35) and Elizabeth Carinthia Duchess Austria.

On 04 Aug 1436 Amalia of Saxony was born to Frederick II Duke Saxony (age 23) and Margaret of Austria (age 20).

On 04 Aug 1630 Elisabeth Orange Nassau was born to Frederick Henry Orange Nassau II Prince Orange (age 46) and Amalia Solms Braunfels Princess Orange (age 27).

On 04 Aug 1666 Stillborn Wittelsbach was born to Ferdinand Maria Wittelsbach (age 30) and Henriette Adelaide Savoy.

On 04 Aug 1713 George Grey was born.

On 04 Aug 1716 John Dashwood-King 3rd Baronet was born to Francis Dashwood 1st Baronet (age 58) and Lady Mary King.

On 16 Jul 1726 William Wheeler 6th Baronet was born to William Wheler 5th Baronet (age 22) and Penelope Glynne Lady Wheler. He was baptised at All Saints' Church, Leamington Hastings on 04 Aug 1726.

On 04 Aug 1763 John Wright of Kelvedon was born.

On 04 Aug 1783 Henry FitzHerbert 3rd Baronet was born to William Fitzherbert 1st Baronet (age 35) and Sarah Perrin.

1911 Encyclopædia Britannica. SHELLEY, PERCY BYSSHE (1792–1822), English poet, was born on the 4th of August 1792 was born at Field Place, near Horsham, Sussex. He was the eldest child of Timothy Shelley (1753–1844) (age 38), M.P. for Shoreham, by his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Charles Pilfold, of Effingham, Surrey. His father (age 38) was the son and heir of Sir Bysshe Shelley (age 61), Bart. (d. 1815), whose baronetcy (1806) was a reward from the Whig party for political services. Sir Bysshe's (age 61) father Timothy had emigrated to America, and he himself had been born in Newark, New Jersey; but he came back to England, and did well for himself by marrying successively two heiresses, the first, the mother of Timothy (age 38), being Mary Catherine, daughter of the Rev. Theobald Michell of Horsham. He was a handsome man of enterprising and remarkable character, accumulated a vast fortune, built Castle Goring, and lived in sullen and penurious retirement in his closing years. None of his talent seems to have descended to his son Timothy (age 38), who, except for being of a rather oddly self-assertive character, was indistinguishable from the ordinary run of commonplace country squires. The mother of the poet is described as beautiful, and a woman of good abilities, but not with any literary turn; she was an agreeable letter-writer. The branch of the Shelley family to which the poet Percy Bysshe belonged traces its pedigree to Henry Shelley, of Worminghurst, Sussex, who died in 1623. These Worminghurst or Castle Goring Shelleys are of the same stock as the Michelgrove Shelleys, who trace up to Sir William Shelley, judge of the common pleas under Henry VII., thence to a member of parliament in 1415, and to the reign of Edward I., or even to the epoch of the Norman Conquest. The Worminghurst branch was a family of credit, but not of special distinction, until its fortunes culminated under the above-named Sir Bysshe.

On 04 Aug 1804 Edward Stafford-Jerningham was born to George William Stafford-Jerningham 8th Baron Stafford (age 33) and Frances Henrietta Sulyarde.

On 26 Jun 1807 George John Henry Manners was born to John Henry Manners 5th Duke Rutland (age 29) and Elizabeth Howard Duchess Rutland (age 26). On 04 Aug 1807 George John Henry Manners died.

On 04 Aug 1814 Mary Bailie-Hamilton Countess Aberdeen was born to George Bailie (age 50).

On 04 Aug 1816 Ponsonby Arthur Moore was born to Reverend Henry Moore (age 31).

On 04 Aug 1816 Arthur Cæsar Hawkins was born to John Cæsar Hawkins 3rd Baronet (age 34) and Charlotte Cassandra Surtees.

On 04 Aug 1820 Dudley Francis Fortescue was born to Hugh Fortescue 2nd Earl Fortescue (age 37) and Susan Ryder (age 24).

On 04 Aug 1822 John Manners-Sutton was born to Frederick Manners-Sutton (age 38) and Henrietta Lumley Savile.

On 04 Aug 1842 Benjamin Lee Guinness was born to Benjamin Lee Guiness 1st Baronet (age 43) and Elizabeth Guiness (age 28) at Clontarf, Dublin. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.12%.

On 04 Aug 1852 Sarah Ann Gee was born to Edward William Gee (age 34) and Elizabeth Marshall (age 37).

On 04 Aug 1856 Richard Beale Colvin was born.

On 04 Aug 1888 Denis George William Anson 4th Baronet was born to Frederick Arthur Anson (age 37).

On 04 Aug 1915 Desmond Ponsonby was born to Vere Brabazon Ponsonby 9th Earl Bessborough (age 35).

On 04 Aug 1932 John Graham Esplen 3rd Baronet was born to William Graham Esplen 2nd Baronet (age 32).

On 04 Aug 1938 Alexander William Burnett Ramsay 7th Baronet was born to Alexander Burnett Ramsay 6th Baronet (age 35).

On 04 Aug 1949 Alan Brodrick 12th Viscount Midleton was born to Alan Rupert Brodrick (age 45).

Marriages on the 4th August

After 04 Aug 1509 Vice-Admiral Thomas Wyndham (age 43) and Elizabeth Wentworth Countess Bath (age 39) were married. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 04 Aug 1534 Louis Valois II Duke Longueville (age 24) and Mary of Guise Queen Consort Scotland (age 18) were married. She by marriage Duchess Longueville. She the daughter of Claude Lorraine 1st Duke Guise (age 37) and Antoinette Bourbon Duchess of Guise (age 41). He the son of Louis Valois I Duke Longueville and Johanna Hochberg Duchess Longueville.

On 04 Aug 1632 Charles Seymour 2nd Baron Seymour Trowbridge (age 11) and Mary Smith (age 11) were married. They had one son and two daughters He a great x 4 grandson of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

Before 04 Aug 1639 William Monson 1st Viscount Monson (age 40) and Margaret Stewart 1st Countess Nottingham (age 48) were married. She the daughter of James "The Bonnie Earl" Stewart 2nd Earl of Moray and Elizabeth Stewart 2nd Countess Moray. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

On 04 Aug 1713 James Brydges 1st Duke Chandos (age 40) and Cassandra Willoughby Duchess Chandos (age 43) were married. They were half first cousins.

On 04 Aug 1722 Scroop Egerton 1st Duke Bridgewater (age 40) and Rachel Russell Duchess Bridgewater (age 15) were married. She by marriage Duchess Bridgewater. The difference in their ages was 25 years. She the daughter of Wriothesley Russell 2nd Duke Bedford and Elizabeth Howland Duchess Bedford (age 40). He the son of John Egerton 3rd Earl Bridgewater and Jane Paulet Countess Bridgewater.

On 04 Aug 1744 Augustus John Hervey 3rd Earl Bristol (age 20) and Elizabeth Chudleigh Duchess Kingston upon Hull (age 23) were married privately at Lainston House Winchester. There marriage remained a secret until she wanted to marry Evelyn Pierrepont 2nd Duke Kingston upon Hull (age 33) in 1769 at which time she initiated a suit of jactitation against him requiring him to prove they were married. The court found in her favour.

On 04 Aug 1795 William Henry Cavendish-Scott-Bentinck 4th Duke Portland (age 27) and Henrietta Scott Duchess Portland (age 21) were married. She by marriage Duchess Portland. He the son of William Cavendish-Bentinck 3rd Duke Portland (age 57) and Dorothy Cavendish 3rd Duchess Portland.

On 04 Aug 1823 John Vaughan (age 55) and Louise Rouse-Boughton Baroness St John (age 38) were married.

On 04 Aug 1832 John Robert Townshend 1st Earl Sydney (age 26) and Emily Paget Countess Sydney Scadbury Kent (age 22) were married. She the illegitmate daughter of Henry William Paget 1st Marquess Anglesey (age 64) and Charlotte Cadogan Marchioness Anglesey (age 51).

On 04 Aug 1866 Francis Edmund Cecil Byng 5th Earl Strafford (age 31) and Emily Georgina Kerr Countess Strafford (age 19) were married. He the son of George Byng 2nd Earl Strafford (age 60) and Agnes Paget.

On 04 Aug 1937 Brigadier Ernest Adolphus Leopold Gueterbock of The Plough in Terrick in Buckinghamshire and Cynthia Ella Foley (age 28) were married.

Deaths on the 4th August

On 04 Aug 966 Berengar II King of Italy (age 66) died.

On 04 Aug 1060 King Henry I of France (age 52) died. His son Philip "Amorous" I King France (age 8) succeeded I King France: Capet.

On 04 Aug 1113 Gertrude Billung Countess Holland (age 83) died.

On 04 Aug 1265 Alice Audley (age 41) died.

On 04 Aug 1265 the army loyal to King Henry III of England (age 57), led by his son the future King Edward "Longshanks" I of England (age 26), supported by Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester 6th Earl Hertford (age 21), Warin Basingburne and John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield (age 33) defeated the rebel army of Simon de Montfort 6th Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Chester (age 57) at the Battle of Evesham.

Roger Leybourne (age 50) fought and reputedly saved the King's life.

Adam Mohaut rescued the King.

Alan de Plugenet of Kilpec fought for the King.

Simon de Montfort 6th Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Chester (age 57) and his son Henry Montfort (age 26) were killed. Earl of Leicester, Earl Chester forfeit.

Hugh Despencer (age 41) was killed by Roger Mortimer 1st Baron Mortimer of Wigmore (age 34).

Simon Beauchamp (age 31), Ralph Basset (age 50), William Devereux (age 46), Hugh Troyes, Richard Trussel, Peter Montfort (age 60), William Mandeville, William Crepping, William Birmingham, Guy Balliol and Thomas Astley (age 50) were killed. Henry Hastings (age 30), Humphrey Bohun (age 44), Nicholas Segrave 1st Baron Segrave (age 27), John Vesci, John Fitzjohn and Guy Montfort Count Nola (age 21) were captured.

John Vesci was wounded and taken prisoner.

After 04 Aug 1265 Agnes Vesci (age 20) died.

On 04 Aug 1266 Odo Burgundy (age 36) died at Acre. His daughter Yolande Burgundy II Countess Nevers and Flanders (age 19) succeeded II Countess Nevers.

On 04 Aug 1306 John Seton (age 28) was hanged at Newcastle upon Tyne [Map] following his capture by English forces after the fall of Tibbers Castle, Carronbridge.

On 04 Aug 1358 John Foljambe (age 58) died.

On 04 Aug 1378 Galeazzo II Visconti (age 58) died.

On 04 Aug 1388 Reginald Grey 2nd Baron Grey Ruthyn (age 66) died. His son Reginald Grey 3rd Baron Grey Ruthyn (age 26) succeeded 3rd Baron Grey of Ruthyn.

Before 04 Aug 1401 Elizabeth Tiptoft Baroness Despencer (age 31) died.

On 04 Aug 1402 Philip Despencer 1st Baron Despencer (age 59) died. His son Philip Despencer 2nd Baron Despencer (age 37) succeeded 2nd Baron Despencer.

On 04 Aug 1430 Philip Valois I Duke Brabant (age 26) died.

On 04 Aug 1432 Peter Pole (age 50) died.

Before 04 Aug 1449 Walter Hungerford (age 41) died.

On 04 Aug 1466 Margaret Fitzlewis (age 27) died.

On 04 Aug 1468 Piers Legh (age 35) died at Macclesfield [Map]. He was subsequently buried at St Oswald's Church, Winwick.

After 04 Aug 1471 Elizabeth Vernon (age 44) died at Clifton [Map].

On 04 Aug 1476 Isabelle Armagnac (age 46) died.

On 04 Aug 1477 Jacques Armagnac Duke Nemours (age 44) was beheaded.

On 04 Aug 1482 Ralph Bostock (age 30) died.

On 04 Aug 1533 Thomas Unton (age 53) died.

On 30 Jul 1550 Thomas Wriothesley 1st Earl of Southampton (age 44) died. He was buried on 04 Aug 1550 at St Andrew's Church, Holborn [Map]. His son Henry Wriothesley 2nd Earl of Southampton (age 5) succeeded 2nd Earl of Southampton.

On 04 Aug 1550 Richard Assheton (age 39) died.

On 04 Aug 1558 Archibald Douglas 8th Earl Angus 5th Earl Morton (age 3) died at Smeaton, East Linton, Haddington, Haddingtonshire. His second cousin once removed William Douglas 9th Earl Angus (age 25) succeeded 9th Earl Angus. Egidia Graham Countess of Angus (age 22) by marriage Countess Angus.

On 04 Aug 1578 Sebastian King Portugal (age 24) was killed at the Battle of Alcácer Quibir or the Three Kings. He was succeeded by his great uncle Henrique Aviz Cardinal King Portgal 1512-1580.

On 04 Aug 1593 Henry Parvish died.

On 04 Aug 1598 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley (age 77) died. His son Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter (age 56) succeeded 2nd Baron Burghley. He was buried at St Martin's Church, Stamford [Map] with a large free-standing Elizabethan Period monument under the north chapel arch, in coloured marbles with a figure on tomb chest under an arched canopy supported on paired columns. Attributed to Cornelius Cure. The emblem of the Knights of the Garter on William's left shoulder. Leg Garter. In his right-hand he is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office; originally white.

The inscription one the monument is on contained within three panels: two on the south (Chancel) side, and one on the north (Chapel) side.

Sacred to God most good and great, and to memory. The most honourable and far renowned Lord William Cecil, Baron of Burghley, Lord High Treasurer of England, President of the Court of Wards, knight of the most noble order of the Garter, Privy Counsellor to the most serene Elizabeth, Queen of England, &c., and Chancellor of the University of Cambridge, under this tomb awaits the second coming of Christ: Who for the excellent endowments of the mind, was first made Privy Counsellor to Edward the sixth, King of England; afterwards to Queen Elizabeth: under whom being intrusted with the greatest and most weighty affairs of this kingdom, and above all others approved, in promoting the true religion, and providing for the safety and honour of the commonwealth; by his prudence, honesty, integrity, and great services to the nation, he obtained the highest honours: and when he had long enough to nature, long enough for glory, but not long enough to his country, quietly fell asleep in Christ. He had two wives: Mary, sister of Sir John Cheeke, knight, of whom ie begat one son, Thomas (age 56), now Baron of Burghley; and Mildred, daughter of Sir Anthony Cooke, knight, who bore to him Sir Robert Cecil (age 35), knight, Privy Counsellor to Queen Elizabeth and President of the Court of Wards; Anne, married to Edward, Earl of Oxford (age 48); and Elizabeth (age 34) to William Wentworth, eldest son of Baron Wentworth.

Mary Cheke: she was born to Peter Cheke. In 1541 William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley and she were married. In Feb 1543 Mary Cheke died.

Elizabeth Cecil: On 01 Jul 1564 she was born to William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley and Mildred Cooke Baroness Burghley. On 26 Feb 1582 William Wentworth and she were married.

On 04 Aug 1600 Francis Slingsby of Scriven (age 78) died.

On 04 Aug 1608 William Cheney (age 68) died at Boston [Map].

On 04 Aug 1609 Cecily Bulstrode (age 25) died.

On 04 Aug 1613 Thomas Aston (age 66) died.

On 04 Aug 1624 Emanuel Filibert of Savoy (age 36) died of plague.

After 04 Aug 1630 William Isham (age 42) died.

On 04 Aug 1633 Archbishop George Abbott (age 70) died.

On 04 Aug 1635 Grizell Yelverton (age 70) died.

On 04 Aug 1639 Margaret Stewart 1st Countess Nottingham (age 48) died at her house in Covent Garden [Map].

On 28 Jul 1643 the Parliamentary arms commanded by Oliver Cromwell (age 44) and the Royalist army commanded by Charles Cavendish (age 23) fought at the Battle of Gainsborough at North Scarle.

Charles Cavendish (age 23) was killed by James Berry. He was buried at Newark on Trent, Nottinghamshire [Map].

On 04 Aug 1643 the Royalist Newdigate Poyntz (age 34) died probably from wounds received at the battle.

On 04 Aug 1681 John Weld (age 68) died.

Before 04 Aug 1698 Robert Nelson (age 88) died.

On 04 Aug 1699 Maria Sophia of Neuburg Queen Consort Portugal (age 32) died.

On 04 Aug 1701 Samuel Sandys (age 64) died. He was buried in St Andrew's Church, Ombersley.

Around 04 Aug 1703 Francis Mildmay (age 73) died.

On 04 Aug 1707 Carey Newton (age 27) died.

On 04 Aug 1713 William Cave Churchman (age 75) died.

On 04 Aug 1714 Walter Strickland (age 39) died.

The 1715 Battle of Preston was the final action of the 1715 Jacobite Rebellion. It commenced on 09 Nov 1715 when Jacobite cavalry entered Preston, Lancashire [Map]. Royalist troops arrived in number over the next few days surrounding Preston forcing the Jaocbite surrender. 1463 were taken prisoner of which 463 were English. The Scottish prisoners included:

George Seton 5th Earl of Winton (age 37). The only prisoner to plead not guilty, sentenced to death, escaped from the Tower of London [Map] on 04 Aug 1716 around nine in the evening. Travelled to France then to Rome.

On 24 Feb 1716 William Gordon 6th Viscount Kenmure was beheaded on Tower Hill [Map].

On 09 Feb 1716 William Maxwell 5th Earl Nithsale was sentenced to be executed on 24 Feb 1716. The night before his wife (age 35) effected his escape from the Tower of London [Map] by exchanging his clothes with those of her maid. They travelled to Paris then to Rome where the court of James "Old Pretender" Stewart (age 26) was.

James Radclyffe 3rd Earl Derwentwater (age 25) was imprisoned in the Tower of London [Map]. He was examined by the Privy Council on 10 Jan 1716 and impeached on 19 Jan 1716. He pleaded guilty in the expectation of clemency. He was attainted and condemned to death. Attempts were made to procure his pardon. His wife Anna Maria Webb Countess Derwentwater (age 23), her sister Mary Webb Countess Waldegrave (age 20) [Note. Assumed to be her sister Mary], their aunt Anne Brudenell Duchess Richmond (age 44), Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland appealed to King George I of Great Britain and Ireland (age 54) in person without success.

On 24 Feb 1716 James Radclyffe 3rd Earl Derwentwater (age 25) was beheaded on Tower Hill [Map]. Earl Derwentwater, Baronet Radclyffe of Derwentwater in Cumberland forfeit.

William Murray 2nd Lord Nairne was tried on 09 Feb 1716 for treason, found guilty, attainted, and condemned to death. He survived long enough to benefit from the Indemnity Act of 1717.

General Thomas Forster of Adderstone (age 31) was attainted. He was imprisoned at Newgate Prison, London [Map] but escaped to France.

On 14 May 1716 Henry Oxburgh was hanged, drawn and quartered at Tyburn [Map]. He was buried at Church of St Gile's in the Fields. His head was spiked on Temple Bar.

The trials and sentences were overseen by the Lord High Steward William Cowper 1st Earl Cowper (age 50) for which he subsequently received his Earldom.

On 04 Aug 1721 Nathan Wright Keeper of the Great Seal (age 67) died.

On 04 Aug 1728 Mary Randyll Baroness Barnard died.

On 04 Aug 1735 George St George 1st Baron St George (age 77) died. Baron St George of Hatley St George in Roscommon and Leitrim and Baronet St George of Carrickdrumrusk in Leitrim extinct. His daughter Mary St George and her husband John Ussher (age 53) inherited his estates. Their son St George Ussher aka St George 1st Baron Saint George (age 20) subsequently adopted the surname St George meaning he was St George St George his christian name also being St George. Their son Arthur French Ussher aka St George also adopted the surname St George.

On 04 Aug 1750 Robert Maude 1st Baronet (age 73) died. His son Thomas Maude 1st Baron Montalt (age 23) succeeded 2nd Baronet of Dundrum in Tipperary.

On 04 Aug 1755 Charlotte Livingstone 3rd Countess Newburgh (age 61) died. Her son James Radclyffe 4th Earl of Newburgh (age 29) succeeded 4th Earl of Newburgh, 4th Viscount of Kinnaird. Barbara Kemp Countess Newburgh by marriage Countess of Newburgh.

On 04 Aug 1764 William Watts (age 42) died.

On 04 Aug 1775 Gregory Page 2nd Baronet (age 80) died without issue. He was buried at St Alfege's Church, Greenwich. His estates were inherited by his great-nephew Gregory Page-Turner 3rd Baronet (age 27) who changed his surname from Turner to Page-Turner. Baronet Page of Greenwich in Kent extinct.

On 04 Aug 1780 George Durant of Tong Castle (age 46) died. He was buried at St Bartholemew's Church, Tong [Map].

On 04 Aug 1782 Baptist Leveson-Gower (age 81) died.

On 04 Aug 1790 Francis North 1st Earl Guildford (age 86) died. His son Frederick North 2nd Earl Guildford (age 58) succeeded 2nd Earl Guildford, 8th Baron North, 4th Baron Guildford. Anne Speke Countess Guilford (age 50) by marriage Countess Guildford.

On 04 Aug 1799 James Caulfeild 1st Earl Charlemont (age 70) died. His son Francis Caulfeild 2nd Earl Charlemont (age 24) succeeded 2nd Earl of Charlemont, 5th Viscount Charlemont in County Armagh, 8th Baron Charlemont.

On 04 Aug 1804 Adam Duncan 1st Viscount Duncan (age 73) died suddenty at an inn Cornhill on Tweed [Map] on his way to Edinburgh [Map]. His son Robert Haldane-Duncan (age 19) succeeded 2nd Viscount Duncan of Camperdowne.

On 04 Aug 1807 Sarah Bradshaw 1st Baroness Waterpark (age 67) died. Her son Richard Cavendish 2nd Baron Waterpark (age 42) succeeded 2nd Baron Waterpark. Juliana Cooper Baroness Waterpark (age 40) by marriage Baroness Waterpark.

On 04 Aug 1842 William Noel-Hill 3rd Baron Berwick (age 68) died unmarried and without issue at Red Rice, Clatford. He was buried at St Eata's Church, Atcham. His brother Richard Noel-Hill 4th Baron Berwick (age 67) succeeded 4th Baron Berwick of Attingham in Shropshire.

On 04 Aug 1846 Percival Hart Dyke 5th Baronet (age 78) died.

On 04 Aug 1848 Catherine Juliana Bateman Lady Scott (age 51) died.

On 04 Aug 1851 Louisa Stuart (age 93) died.

On 04 Aug 1857 Maria Shirreff (age 75) died.

On 04 Aug 1859 Reverend Charles Goring (age 54) died.

On 04 Aug 1860 Mary Tyler died.

On 04 Aug 1869 Stewart Henry Paget (age 58) died.

Arond 04 Aug 1880 Margaret Williams (age 81) died.

On 04 Aug 1888 Douglas William Cope Gordon (age 36) died.

On 04 Aug 1891 William Legge 5th Earl Dartmouth (age 67) died. His son William Legge 6th Earl Dartmouth (age 40) succeeded 6th Earl Dartmouth, 7th Baron Dartmouth.

On 04 Aug 1914 Henry Howard-Molyneux-Howard (age 63) died.

On 04 Aug 1915 Lieutenant John Kenelm Digby (age 24) was killed in action.

On 04 Aug 1918 Minnie Duff Baroness Tollemache died.

On 04 Aug 1935 Herbert Woodfield Paul (age 82) died.

On 04 Aug 1952 Gladys Cecil Georgina Fellowes (age 67) died.