On this Day in History ... 05 October

05 Oct is in October.

1338 French Raid on Southampton

1361 Plague Outbreak

1665 Great Plague of London

1908 Assassination of King Carlos I of Portugal and his heir Prince Luís Filipe

On 05 Oct 851 Louis II King Italy Holy Roman Emperor (age 26) and Engelberga Spoleto Holy Roman Empress were married. She by marriage Queen Consort Italy. He the son of Lothair King Bavaria Holy Roman Emperor King Middle Francia (age 56) and Ermengarde Tours Queen Consort Bavaria Queen Consort Middle Francia.

On 05 Oct 1111 Robert II Count Flanders (age 46) was killed. His son Baldwin VII Count Flanders (age 18) succeeded VII Count Flanders.

On 05 Oct 1214 Alfonso VIII King Castile (age 58) died. He was buried at Abbey of Santa Maria la Real de Huelgas. His son Henry I King Castile (age 10) succeeded I King Castile.

On 05 Oct 1285 Philip "Bold" III King France (age 40) died. On 05 Oct 1285 His son Philip "The Fair" IV King France (age 17) succeeded IV King France: Capet. Joan Blois I Queen Navarre (age 12) by marriage Queen Consort of France.

Before 05 Oct 1331 Edmund Plantagenet 2nd Earl Kent (age 5) died. His brother John Plantagenet 3rd Earl Kent (age 1) succeeded 3rd Earl Kent 5C 1321.

1338 French Raid on Southampton

Froissart. 05 Oct 1338. Upon king Philip's (age 44) receiving the challenges from king Edward (age 25) and his allies, he collected men at arms and soldiers from all quarters; he sent the lord Gallois de la Bausme, a good knight from Savoy, to the city of Cambray [Map], and made him governor thereof, in conjunction with sir Thibault de Marneil and the lord of Roye: they might be, including Spaniards and French, full two hundred lances. The king seized the county of Ponthieu [Map], which the king of England had before held by right of his mother (age 43); and he also sent and entreated some lords of the empire, such as the count of Hainault his nephew (age 31), the duke of Lorrain (age 18), the Count of Bar (age 23), the bishop of Metz, the bishop of Liege, not to commit any hostile acts against him or his kingdom. The greater part of them answered as he could have wished; but the count of Hainault, in a very civil reply, said that although he should be at all times ready to assist him or his realm against any one, yet as the king of England made war in behalf of the empire, as vicar and lieutenant of it, he could not refuse him aid and assistance in his country, as he held lands under the empire. The king of France appeared satisfied with this answer, not however laying much stress on it, as he felt himself in sufficient strength to oppose his enemies.

As soon as sir Hugh Quiriel, sir Peter Bahucet, and Barbenoire, were informed that hostilities had commenced, they landed one Sunday morning in the harbour at Southampton [Map], whilst the inhabitants were at church: Normans, Picards, and Spaniards entered the town, pillaged it, killed many, deflowered maidens and forced wives; and having loaded their vessels with the booty, they fell down with the tide, and made sail for the coast of Normandy. They landed at Dieppe, and there divided the plunder.

On 05 Oct 1338 a French fleet landed several thousand French, Norman, Italian and Castilian sailors close to the major port of Southampton [Map] and assaulting it from both land and sea. The entire town was razed to the ground, thousands of pounds worth of goods and shipping took back to France, and captives executed or taken as slaves.

1361 Plague Outbreak

On 05 Oct 1376 Robert de Vere 1st Duke Ireland (age 14) and Philippa Guines Duchess Ireland (age 9) were married. She by marriage Countess of Oxford. She the daughter of Enguerrand de Coucy 1st Earl Bedford 1st Count Soissons (age 36) and Isabella Countess Bedford and Soissons (age 44). He the son of Thomas de Vere 8th Earl of Oxford and Maud Ufford Countess of Oxford (age 31). They were fourth cousins. He a great x 3 grandson of King Henry III of England. She a granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 05 Oct 1377 King Louis of Naples was born to Louis Valois Anjou I Duke Anjou (age 38) and Marie Chatillon Duchess Anjou (age 32) at Toulose. Coefficient of inbreeding 2.60%.

Before 05 Oct 1397 Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick (age 15) and Elizabeth Berkeley Countess Warwick (age 11) were married. He the son of Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick (age 59) and Margaret Ferrers Countess Warwick. They were second cousin once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

On 05 Oct 1528 Bishop Richard Foxe (age 80) died at Wolvesey Castle [Map]. He was buried at Winchester Cathedral [Map] where he has a Chantry Chapel.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 05 Oct 1553. The v day of October the Qwuen('s) (age 37) grace rod unto Westmynster chyrche, and ther her grace hard masse of the Holy-gost, and ther wher ij bysshopes; on delevered her the shepter and odur thyng. Her grace rod in her parlement robes, and all the trumpeters blohyng a-for them all; and so, after her grace had hard masse, they whent to the Parlement howsse all to-geyther, and the yerle of Devonshyre (age 26) bare the sworde, and the yerle of Westmorland (age 28) bare the cape of mayntenans.

PAINTINGS/MOR/Mary_I_of_England.jpg PAINTINGS/EWORTH/Mary1_Eworth_1556.jpg PAINTINGS/UNKNOWN/Edward_Courtenay.jpg

Henry Machyn's Diary. 05 Oct 1559. [The] v day of October cam to [London by Ald]gatt the prynse of Sweythen (age 25), and [so to Leadenhall], and done [down] Gracyous-strett [Map] corner in a howse stod [the lord] marques of Northamtun (age 47) and my lord Ambros Dudley (age 29) [and other gentlemen and] lades; and my lord of Oxford (age 43) browth (him) from Col[chester] [Map] and my lord Robart Dudley (age 27), the master of the quen('s) horse; and trumpettes bloyng in dyvers places; and thay had [a great] nombur of gentyllmen ryd with cheynes a-for them, and after them a ij C [200] of yomen rydyng, and so rydyng over the bryge unto the bysshope of Wynchastur plasse [Map], for [it] was rychely hangyd with ryche cloth of arres, wrought with gold and sylver and sylke, and ther he remanyth.

On or before 05 Oct 1632, the date she was buried at Stow Minster [Map], Amy Dillington (age 62) died.

Amy Dillington: Around 1570 she was born to Anthony Dillington of Knighton on the Isle of Wight (age 41). In or before 1582 Richard Burgh of Stow Hall (age 25) and Amy Dillington (age 11) were married. They had four sons and two daughters.

On 05 Oct 1644 George Hay 2nd Earl Kinnoull (age 48) died. His son George Hay 3rd Earl Kinnoull (age 22) succeeded 3rd Earl Kinnoull.

Evelyn's Diary. 05 Oct 1647. I came to Wotton, Surrey [Map], the place of my birth, to my brother (age 30), and on the 10th to Hampton Court [Map] where I had the honor to kiss his Majesty's (age 46) hand, and give him an account of several things I had in charge, he being now in the power of those execrable villains who not long after murdered him. I lay at my cousin, Sergeant Hatton's at Thames Ditton, Surrey [Map], whence, on the 13th, I went to London.


Great Plague of London

Pepy's Diary. 05 Oct 1665. Round about and next door on every side is the plague, but I did not value it, but there did what I would 'con elle', and so away to Mr. Evelyn's (age 44) to discourse of our confounded business of prisoners, and sick and wounded seamen, wherein he and we are so much put out of order1. And here he showed me his gardens, which are for variety of evergreens, and hedge of holly, the finest things I ever saw in my life2.

Note 1. Each of the Commissioners for the Sick and Wounded was appointed to a particular district, and Evelyn's district was Kent and Sussex. On September 25th, 1665, Evelyn wrote in his Diary: "my Lord Admiral being come from ye fleete to Greenewich, I went thence with him to ye Cockpit [Map] to consult with the Duke of Albemarle (age 56). I was peremptory that unlesse we had £10,000 immediately, the prisoners would starve, and 'twas proposed it should be rais'd out of the E. India prizes now taken by Lord Sandwich (age 40). They being but two of ye Commission, and so not impower'd to determine, sent an expresse to his Majesty and Council to know what they should do".

Note 2. Evelyn (age 44) purchased Sayes Court [Map], Deptford, in 1653, and laid out his gardens, walks, groves, enclosures, and plantations, which afterwards became famous for their beauty. When he took the place in hand it was nothing but an open field of one hundred acres, with scarcely a hedge in it.

PAINTINGS/WALKER/John_Evelyn.jpg PAINTINGS/HANNEMAN/John_Evelyn.jpg PAINTINGS/KNELLER/John_Evelyn.jpg PAINTINGS/LELY/George_Monck_2.png PAINTINGS/LELY/George_Monck.png PAINTINGS/LELY/Edward_Montagu.png PAINTINGS/LELY/Edward_Montagu.jpg

On 05 Oct 1710 Francis Scott 2nd Earl Deloraine was born to Henry Scott 1st Earl Deloraine (age 34) and Anne Duncombe Countess Deloraine. He a great grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

Before 05 Oct 1711 Paulet St John 8th Baron St John Bletso was born to Andrew St John 4th Baronet (age 26) and Anne James. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.12%.

On 05 Oct 1749 Charles Pratt 1st Earl Camden (age 35) and Elizabeth Jeffreys Countess Camden (age 24) were married.


On 05 Oct 1754 Arthur Cole 1st Baron Ranelagh (age 85) died without issue. Baron Ranelagh of Ranelagh in Wicklow and Baronet Cole of Newland extinct.

Wardlow Barrow 1 Account. Full title: XC. An Account of a remarkable Monument found near Ashford in Derbyshire: In a Letter from the Reverend Mr. Evatt, of Afhford, to Mr . Whitehurft, of Derby. Communicated by Benjamin Franklin, LL.D. F. R. S.

Dear Sir, Ashford, October 5, 1761.

Read 13 May 1761.

The following is the best account I am able to give you of the curiosity I told you of, discovered some time ago in our neighbourhood; to which I have added, an imperfect drawing, that, I hope, Will, notwithstanding, give you a tolerable idea of it.

In the year 1759, as fome people were making a turnpike-road through the village of Wardlow, near this place, they thought proper to take out of an adjoining field, a heap of ftone, that had lain there time immemorial, and without any tradition, that I could find, why it was thrown together in that place, although it was manifeft it was a work of art. Here, to their great furprize, upoh removing the ftone, they found a monument [Map], to the memory of feventeen perfons, or more, who had been there interred, in the manner exprdled in the drawing annexed. [Vide Tab. XV.]

The bodies appeared to have been laid upon the furface of the ground, upon long flat ftones, and their heads and breafts protected from the incumbent weight of ftone, by fmall walls made round them, with a flat ftone over the top, as I have endeavoured to exprefs in the figures, excepting the two capital ones, marked a, a, which were walled up, and covered from head to foot, in the form of a long chest, with a stone cover over each.

Upon removing the rubbish, many bones, such as jaw-bones, teeth, and the like, were found undecayed; but none at all of the larger bones of the body, that I could learn. The heap of stones, that covered them, was 32 yards in diameter, and about five feet high; and the stones, of which the coffins, or tombs, were composed, appear, very plainly, to have been taken from a stone quarry, above a quarter of a mile distant. In the drawing, you see a part of the circle is vacant; but it is probable it was not so, as there were found several bones and teeth in that space; the cause might be, that as part lay next the road, it might have met with an accidental difturbance; or, what is yet more likely, the people that came to lead the stone away, beginning on that side of it, destroyed that part, before they were aware that it was any-ways remarkable, or worthy note.

There is one circumstance, that seems to denote the monument to have been rather modern; which is this. It appears, from the best observations I could make, that the wall, marked 4 , was erected before the monument was made, as I think it hardly probable, that the persons, who built it, would be at the trouble to remove that part of the circle, that was without, for the fake of building a field-wall, entirely level; which is the cafe, for all that portion of the circle, from the infide of the wall, was as level as any other part of the field: and as walls, I apprehend, are not of very antient date here, (if the above be a fact) I cannot help concluding, that the monument mull have been erected in fome or other of the wars of the houfes of York and Lancafter, or later. But this is only conjecture, and muft be fubmitted to the judgment of the more curious, or thofe who may have heard of, or feen, fome fimilar ones; for my part, in my reading, I have not met with any thing at all like it. The feveral coffins were about two feet high each; the two complete ones about 7.6 long each; and the others had the fiat ftone nearly the lame length; but the covering extended only as far as the breaft.

hefe are all the particulars I am now able to give you, of this remarkable monument. It is now totally deftroyed. If any of your friends, to whom you may, poffibly, communicate this, could afcertain, in any meafure, the date of it, Ihould be extremely glad to hear it from you, as, I think, it would greatly affill me in tracing fome other remarkable curiolities in our neighbourhood, by way of preparation for a natural hiftory of this part of our county.

I am.

Dear Sir,

Your sincere friend,

and humble servant,

Samuel Evatt.

XCI. Dejcriptia

On 05 Oct 1805 Charles Cornwallis 1st Marquess Cornwallis (age 66) died at Gauspur, Ghazipur. His son Charles Cornwallis 2nd Marquess Cornwallis (age 30) succeeded 2nd Marquess Cornwallis, 3rd Earl Cornwallis. Louisa Gordon Marchioness Cornwallis (age 28) by marriage Marchioness Cornwallis.

PAINTINGS/GAINSBOROUGH/Charles_Cornwallis.png PAINTINGS/GAINSBOROUGH/Charles_Cornwallis_2.png PAINTINGS/DEVIS/Charles_Cornwallis.jpg PAINTINGS/COPLEY/Charles_Cornwallis.jpg

On 05 Oct 1811 James Ogilvy 7th Earl Findlater 4th Earl Seafield (age 61) died without issue. Earl Findlater extinct. His first cousin James Grant 5th Earl Seafield succeeded 5th Earl Seafield since he was the son of Margaret Ogilvy daughter of James Ogilvy 5th Earl Findlater 2nd Earl Seafield.

On 05 Oct 1836 William Henry Doyle aka North 11th Baron North was born to Colonel John Sydney North (age 32) and Susan North 10th Baroness North (age 39).

On 05 Oct 1844 George Chichester 2nd Marquess Donegal (age 75) died at Ormeau, County Donegal. He was buried at St Nicholas' Church, Carrickfergus, County Antrim. His son George Chichester 3rd Marquess Donegal (age 47) succeeded 3rd Marquess Donegal. Harriet Anne Butler Marchioness Donegal (age 45) by marriage Marchioness Donegal.

PAINTINGS/HOWARD/Hygeia.jpgBefore 05 Oct 1847. Henry Howard (age 78). Hygeia.

Thomas Bateman 1846. Upon reopening the remains of a barrow [Garratts Piece Barrow [Map]] upon Middleton Moor, explored by Dr. Pegge in 1788, on the 5th of October, 1847, a few small articles were recovered which indicate that the tumulus existed in times long anterior to the deposit of the very remarkable Saxon antiquities therein discovered and described in the earlier part of this section and which farther tend to strengthen the idea that in this part of the country there exist no barrows purely of Saxon origin. The articles with, the exception only of some fragments of light-coloured kiln-baked pottery, are of Celtic manufacture and usage, consisting of pieces of stags' horns, instruments of flint, amongst which was one of elongated shape very neatly chipped; and, lastly, remains of bone instruments, one of the latter presenting a very neat example of the lance-head of that material, being nicely worked into form out of the leg-bone of some small animal. Similar points are seen to some of the arrows brought from New Zealand.

On 05 Oct 1852 John Somers-Cocks 2nd Earl Somers (age 64) died. His son Charles Somers-Cocks 3rd Earl Somers (age 33) succeeded 3rd Earl Somers, 4th Baron Somers 2C 1784. Virginia Somers-Cocks Countess Somers (age 25) by marriage Countess Somers.


PAINTINGS/GRANT/Algernon_Percy.pngBefore 05 Oct 1878 Francis Grant (age 75). Portrait of Algernon Percy 4th Duke Northumberland.

PAINTINGS/GRANT/Anthony_Ashley_Cooper.pngBefore 05 Oct 1878 Francis Grant (age 75). Portrait of Anthony Ashley-Cooper 7th Earl Shaftesbury (age 77).

PAINTINGS/GRANT/Prince_Albert.pngBefore 05 Oct 1878 Francis Grant (age 75). Portrait of Prince Albert Saxe Coburg Gotha.

PAINTINGS/GRANT/James_Bruce.pngBefore 05 Oct 1878 Francis Grant (age 75). Portrait of James Bruce 12th Earl Kincardine.

PAINTINGS/GRANT/Susan_Hamilton.pngBefore 05 Oct 1878 Francis Grant (age 75). Portrait of Susan Harriet Catherine Hamilton Duchess Newcastle under Lyne (age 64).

Susan Harriet Catherine Hamilton Duchess Newcastle under Lyne: On 09 Jun 1814 she was born to Alexander Hamilton 10th Duke Hamilton 7th Duke Brandon (age 46) and Susanna Euphemia Beckford Duchess Hamilton Duchess Brandon (age 28). On 27 Nov 1832 Henry Pelham-Clinton 5th Duke Newcastle-under-Lyme (age 21) and Susan Harriet Catherine Hamilton Duchess Newcastle under Lyne (age 18) were married. She the daughter of Alexander Hamilton 10th Duke Hamilton 7th Duke Brandon (age 65) and Susanna Euphemia Beckford Duchess Hamilton Duchess Brandon (age 46). He the son of Henry Pelham-Clinton 4th Duke Newcastle-under-Lyme (age 47) and Georgiana Elizabeth Miller Mundy Duchess Newcastle under Lyne. He a great x 4 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland. On 28 Nov 1889 Susan Harriet Catherine Hamilton Duchess Newcastle under Lyne (age 75) died.

PAINTINGS/GRANT/Lucy_Graham.pngBefore 05 Oct 1878 Francis Grant (age 75). Portrait of Lucy Graham Countess Powis.

Lucy Graham Countess Powis: On 25 Sep 1793 she was born to James Graham 3rd Duke Montrose (age 38) and Caroline Maria Montagu Duchess Montrose. On 09 Feb 1818 Edward Herbert 2nd Earl Powis (age 32) and Lucy Graham Countess Powis (age 24) were married. She the daughter of James Graham 3rd Duke Montrose (age 62) and Caroline Maria Montagu Duchess Montrose. He the son of Edward Clive 1st Earl Powis (age 63) and Henrietta Antonia Herbert 3rd Countess Powis (age 59). He a great x 4 grandson of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland. On 16 May 1839 Edward Clive 1st Earl Powis (age 85) died at 45 Berkeley Square, Mayfair. He was buried at St Mary the Virgin Church, Bromfield. His son Edward Herbert 2nd Earl Powis (age 54) succeeded 2nd Earl Powis 3C 1804. Lucy Graham Countess Powis (age 45) by marriage Countess Powis. On 16 Sep 1875 Lucy Graham Countess Powis (age 81) died.

PAINTINGS/GRANT/Marian_Margaret_Compton_2.pngBefore 05 Oct 1878 Francis Grant (age 75). Portrait of Marianne Margaret Compton (age 61).

Marianne Margaret Compton: In 1817 she was born to Spencer Compton 2nd Marquess Northampton (age 26) and Margaret Douglas-Maclean-Clephane Marchioness Northampton (age 25). In 1841 John Hume Egerton (age 28) and Marianne Margaret Compton (age 24) were married. She the daughter of Spencer Compton 2nd Marquess Northampton (age 50) and Margaret Douglas-Maclean-Clephane Marchioness Northampton. He the son of John Cust 1st Earl Brownlow (age 61) and Amelia Sophia Hume Countess Brownlow. In 1888 Marianne Margaret Compton (age 71) died.

On 05 Oct 1889 Hugh Gough 3rd Viscount Gough (age 40) and Georgiana Pakenham Viscountess Gough (age 26) were married. She the daughter of William Pakenham 4th Earl of Longford and Selina Rice Trevor Countess Longford (age 53).

Assassination of King Carlos I of Portugal and his heir Prince Luís Filipe

On 01 Feb 1908 King Carlos I of Portugal and his heir Prince Luís Filipe were assassinated by two members of a revolutionary society called the Carbonária. Prince Luís Filipe's younger brother succeeded as King Portugal; he was wounded in the attack. He reigned for two and a half years being deposed on 05 Oct 1910.

On 05 Oct 1908 William Edward Harcourt 2nd Viscount Harcourt was born to Lewis Vernon-Harcourt 1st Viscount Harcourt (age 45) and Mary Burns Viscountess Harcourt (age 34).

After 05 Oct 1916. St Bartholemew's Church, Sunderland Bridge [Map]. Grave of 13501 Private Herbert Bell of the Durham Light Infantry died 05 October 1916 aged twenty-seven. Son of the William and Margaret Bell. Born at Croxdale. Died of wounds at the East Leeds War Hospital, Beckett Park, Headingley.