08 Apr is in April.
On 08 Apr 1269 Edmund "Crouchback" Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Lancaster (age 24) and Aveline Forz 6th Countess Albemarle and Lancaster were married. She by marriage Countess Lancaster. She the daughter of William Forz 4th Earl Albemarle aka Aumale and Isabella Redvers 8th Countess Devon and Albemarle aka Aumale (age 31). He the son of King Henry III of England (age 61) and Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England (age 46). She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England.
On 08 Apr 1956 a plaque was unveiled on the wall of St Bartholomew's Hospital near to the site of his execution the text of which reads ...
To the immortal memory of Sir William Wallace Scottish patriot born at Elderslie Renfrewshire circa 1270 A.D. Who from the year 1296 fought dauntlessly in defence of his country's liberty and independence in the face of fearful odds and great hardship being eventually betrayed and captured brought to London and put to death near this spot on the 23rd August 1305.
His example heroism and devotion inspired those who came after him to win victory from defeat and his memory remains for all time a source of pride, honour and inspiration to his Countrymen.
"Dico tibi verum libertas optima rerum nunquam servili sub nexu vivito fili"
Translation: I tell you the truth, son, freedom is the best condition, never live like a slave
"Bas Agus Buaidh" aka Death and Victory, a traditional Scottish battle cry.
On 08 Apr 1349 John St John Lagenham 3rd Baron St John Lagenham (age 41) died at Headington.
On 08 Apr 1350 King Charles V of France (age 11) and Joanna Bourbon Queen Consort France (age 12) were married. Joanna Bourbon Queen Consort France by marriage Queen Consort of France. She the daughter of Peter Bourbon Duke Bourbon (age 39) and Isabella Valois Duchess Bourbon (age 37). He the son of King John "The Good" II of France (age 30) and Bonne Luxemburg Queen Consort France. They were half first cousin once removed. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Henry III of England.
On 01 Jul 1364 King John "The Good" II of France was informed that his son had escaped from his captivity. John announced he would return to England as a matter of honour. He left around Dec 1363 arriving in London to parades and feasts.
On 08 Apr 1473 (some sources state 1482) Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland (age 49) was created 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 3C 1473 by King Edward IV of England (age 30). By letters patent he created Dacre Baron Dacre of Gilsland, declaring "that the said Humfrey Dacre, Knight, and the heirs male of the body of the said Thomas, late Lord Dacre, comyng, bee reputed, had, named and called the Lord Dacre of Gillesland". Mabel Parr Baroness Dacre Gilsland by marriage Baroness Dacre Gilsland.
On 08 Apr 1521 Charles 3rd Duke Savoy (age 34) and Beatrice Aviz Duchess Savoy (age 16) were married. She the daughter of richest monarch in Europe at the time Manuel "Fortunate" I King Portugal (age 51). They had nine children together but only one Emmanuel Philibert Duke of Savoy would reach adulthood. She the daughter of Manuel "Fortunate" I King Portugal (age 51) and Maria Trastámara Queen Consort Portugal. He the son of Philip "Landless" Savoy II Duke Savoy and Claudine Brosse. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.
Henry Machyn's Diary. 08 Apr 1559. The viij day of Aprell ther was a proclamasion of pesse [peace] betwyne the Quene('s) (age 25) grace and Hare the French kyng (age 40), and Dolphyn the kyng of Skottes (age 15), for ever, boyth by water and land; and ther was vj trumpeters and v haroldes of armes, master Garter and master Clarenshux, proclamyd yt, and Lankoster, Ruge Crosse, and Bluwmantyll, and my lord mayre (age 50) and all the althermen in skarlett; and Bluw-mantyll dyd proclaymyd that no players shuld play no more tyll a serten tyme of no mans players; but the mare or shreyff, balle [bailiff], constabull, or odur offesers take them, lay them in presun, and the quen('s) commondement layd on them.
Note. P. 193. Peace with France. See Hayward's Elizabeth, p. 36; Hayward dates the proclamation the 7th instead of the 8th April. The treaty, which was signed by Elizabeth at Westminster on the 20th Jan. and by Henry at Chateau-Cambray on the 2d April, is printed by Rymer, Fœdera, vol. xv. pp. 505–516.
On 08 Apr 1643 William Feilding 1st Earl Denbigh (age 56) died at Monks Kikby. His son Basil Feilding 2nd Earl Denbigh (age 35) succeeded 2nd Earl Denbigh, 2nd Viscount Feilding, 2nd Baron Feilding of Newnham Paddocks in Warwickshire. Elizabeth Bourchier Countess Denbigh (age 17) by marriage Countess Denbigh.
Before 08 Apr 1666 Attributed to Jacob Huysmans (age 33). Portrait of Thomas Chiffinch Keeper of the King's Closet (age 66).
Thomas Chiffinch Keeper of the King's Closet: In 1600 he was born to Unknown Chiffinch in Salisbury. Before 25 Nov 1637 Thomas Chiffinch Keeper of the King's Closet (age 37) and Dorothy Thanet were married. Pepy's Diary. 08 Apr 1666. The Court full this morning of the newes of Tom Cheffin's (age 66) death, the King's closett-keeper. He was well last night as ever, flaying at tables in the house, and not very ill this morning at six o'clock, yet dead before seven: they think, of an imposthume in his breast. But it looks fearfully among people nowadays, the plague, as we hear, encreasing every where again. On 08 Apr 1666 Thomas Chiffinch Keeper of the King's Closet (age 66) died. He was buried on 10 Apr 1666 at Westminster Abbey.
Pepy's Diary. 08 Apr 1666. The Court full this morning of the newes of Tom Cheffin's (age 66) death, the King's closett-keeper. He was well last night as ever, flaying at tables in the house, and not very ill this morning at six o'clock, yet dead before seven: they think, of an imposthume in his breast. But it looks fearfully among people nowadays, the plague, as we hear, encreasing every where again.
Evelyn's Diary. 08 Apr 1685. Being now somewhat compos'd after my greate affliction, I went to London to hear Dr. Tenison (age 48) (it being on a Wednesday in Lent) at Whitehall [Map]. I observ'd that tho' the King (age 51) was not in his seate above in the chapell, the Doctor made his three congees, which they were not us'd to do when the late King was absent, making then one bowing onely. I ask'd the reason; it was sayd he had a special order so to do. The Wilhelmina Ernestina Oldenburg (age 34) was in the King's Closet, but sat on the left hand of the chaire, the Clearke of the Closet (age 50) standing by His Ma's chaire, as if he had ben present. I met the Queene Dowager (age 46) going now first from Whitehall to dwell at Somerset-house [Map]. This day my brother of Wotton and Mr. Onslow (age 30) were candidates for Surrey against Sr Adam Brown and my cousin Sr Edwd Evelyn, and were circumvented in their election by a trick of the Sheriff's taking advantage of my brother's party going out of the small village of Leatherhead [Map] to seek shelter and lodging, the afternoone being tempestuous, proceeding to the Election when they were gon; they expecting the next morning; whereas before and then they exceeded the other party by many hundreds, as I am assur'd. The Duke of Norfolk (age 30) led Sr Edw. Evelyn's and Sr Adam Brown's party. For this Parliament, very meane and slight persons (some of them gentlemen's servants, clearkes, and persons neither of reputation nor interest) were set up, but the country would choose my brother whether he would or no, and he miss'd it by the trick above mentioned. Sr Adam Brown was so deafe that he could not heare one word. S1 Edw. Evelyn was an honest gent much in favour with his Majesty.NOTEXT
On 08 Apr 1702 Thomas Gale Scholar (age 67) died.
Minutes of the Society of Antiquaries. 08 Apr 1719. Mr President brough an M:S. of the Antiquitys and History of Penfied in Essex which was read over. It was wrote by Mr Holmes [Note. This is noted as ?Holman so may not refer to George Holmes (age 57)] and thanks were ordered to him for it, it being a curious and very particular account of the place.
On 08 Apr 1724 George Keppel 3rd Earl Albermarle was born to William Anne Keppel 2nd Earl Albermarle (age 21) and Anne Lennox Countess Albermarle (age 20). He a great grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.
On 08 Apr 1742 Henry St John 1st Viscount St John (age 89) died. He was buried at St Mary's Church Battersea, Surrey. His son John St John 2nd Viscount St John (age 39) succeeded 2nd Viscount St John, 5th Baronet St John Lydiard Tregoze in Wiltshire.
On 08 Apr 1765 Harry Powlett 6th Duke Bolton (age 44) and Katherine Lowther Duchess of Bolton (age 29) were married. He the son of Harry Powlett 4th Duke Bolton and Catherine Parry 6th Duchess Bolton.
On 08 Apr 1780 Charles Stanhope 4th Earl of Harrington was born to Charles Stanhope 3rd Earl of Harrington (age 27) and Jane Fleming Countess Harrington (age 24). He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.
On 08 Apr 1795 King George IV of Great Britain and Ireland (age 32) and Caroline of Brunswick Queen Consort England (age 26) were married at Chapel Royal, St James's Palace. He the son of King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 56) and Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England (age 50). They were first cousins. She a great granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.
On 08 Apr 1797 George Augustus Herbert 11th Earl Pembroke 8th Earl Montgomery (age 37) and Elisabeth Beauclerk were married. He the son of Henry Herbert 10th Earl Pembroke 7th Earl Montgomery and Elizabeth Spencer Countess Pembroke and Montgomery (age 60). They were first cousins. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.
On 08 Apr 1818 King Christian IX of Denmark was born to Friedrich Wilhelm Glücksburg Duke Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Glücksburg (age 33) and Louise Caroline Hesse-Kassel Duchess Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Glücksburg (age 28). He a great x 2 grandson of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.
On 08 Apr 1821 Henry Edwyn Chandos Scudamore Stanhope 9th Earl of Chesterfield was born to Edwyn Francis Scudamore-Stanhope 2nd Baronet (age 27).
Rafaelle Monti: In 1818 he was born in Milan. In 1881 Rafaelle Monti (age 63) died.
On 08 Apr 1851 George Frederick Samuel Robinson 1st Marquess Ripon (age 23) and Henrietta Anne Theodosia Vyner Marchioness Ripon (age 17) were married. He the son of Frederick John Robinson 1st Earl Ripon (age 68) and Sarah Albinia Louisa Hobart (age 58). They were first cousin once removed.
On 08 Apr 1899 Aldred Beresford Lumley 10th Earl Scarborough (age 41) and Lucy Cecilia Dunn-Garnder Countess Scarborough were married at Christ Church. She by marriage Countess Scarborough. He the son of Richard Lumley 9th Earl Scarborough and Adeliza Drummond Countess Scarborough.
On 08 Apr 1902 John Wodehouse 1st Earl Kimberley (age 76) died at 35 Lowndes Square. His son John Wodehouse 2nd Earl Kimberley (age 54) succeeded 2nd Earl Kimberley, 4th Baron Wodehouse of Kimberley in Norfolk, 9th Baronet Woodhouse of Wilberhall. Isabel Geraldine Stracey Countess Kimberley by marriage Countess Kimberley.
On 08 Apr 1907 Henry Pelham-Clinton-Hope 9th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne was born to Francis Hope Pelham-Clinton-Hope 8th Duke Newcastle-under-Lyme (age 41).
On 08 Apr 1932 William Henry Doyle aka North 11th Baron North (age 95) died. His son William Frederick North 12th Baron North (age 71) succeeded 12th Baron North.
On 19 Feb 1960 Prince Andrew Windsor 1st Duke York was born to Philip Mountbatten Duke Edinburgh (age 38) and Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom (age 33) at Belgian Suite Buckingham Palace. He was baptised on 08 Apr 1960 by Archbishop Geoffrey Fisher (age 72) at the Music Room, Buckingham Palace.