On this Day in History ... 8th April

08 Apr is in April.

1305 Execution of William Wallace

1364 Death of John II King France

1666 Great Plague of London

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 8th April

On 23 Aug 1305 William Wallace was hanged at the Elms in Smithfield [Map]. His head being displayed on London Bridge [Map].

On 08 Apr 1956 a plaque was unveiled on the wall of St Bartholomew's Hospital near to the site of his execution the text of which reads ...

To the immortal memory of Sir William Wallace Scottish patriot born at Elderslie Renfrewshire circa 1270 A.D. Who from the year 1296 fought dauntlessly in defence of his country's liberty and independence in the face of fearful odds and great hardship being eventually betrayed and captured brought to London and put to death near this spot on the 23rd August 1305.

His example heroism and devotion inspired those who came after him to win victory from defeat and his memory remains for all time a source of pride, honour and inspiration to his Countrymen.

"Dico tibi verum libertas optima rerum nunquam servili sub nexu vivito fili"

Translation: I tell you the truth, son, freedom is the best condition, never live like a slave

"Bas Agus Buaidh" aka Death and Victory, a traditional Scottish battle cry.

On 08 Apr 1320 Peter I King Portugal was born to Alfonso "Brave" IV King Portugal (age 29) and Beatrice Ivrea Queen Consort Portugal (age 27). Coefficient of inbreeding 3.61%.

On 08 Apr 1350 King Charles V of France (age 11) and Joanna Bourbon Queen Consort France (age 12) were married. She by marriage Queen Consort of France. She the daughter of Peter Bourbon Duke Bourbon (age 39) and Isabella Valois Duchess Bourbon (age 37). He the son of King John "The Good" II of France (age 30) and Bonne Luxemburg Queen Consort France. They were half first cousin once removed. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Henry III of England.

On 01 Jul 1364 King John "The Good" II of France was informed that his son had escaped from his captivity. John announced he would return to England as a matter of honour. He left around Dec 1363 arriving in London to parades and feasts.

On 08 Apr 1364 King John "The Good" II of France (age 44) died at Savoy Palace [Map]. His son King Charles V of France (age 25) succeeded V King France: Capet Valois.

On 08 Apr 1473 (some sources state 1482) Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland (age 49) was created 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland by King Edward IV of England (age 30). By letters patent he created Dacre Baron Dacre of Gilsland, declaring "that the said Humfrey Dacre, Knight, and the heirs male of the body of the said Thomas, late Lord Dacre, comyng, bee reputed, had, named and called the Lord Dacre of Gillesland". Mabel Parr Baroness Dacre Gilsland by marriage Baroness Dacre Gilsland.

On 08 Apr 1521 Charles 3rd Duke Savoy (age 34) and Beatrice Aviz Duchess Savoy (age 16) were married. She the daughter of richest monarch in Europe at the time Manuel "Fortunate" I King Portugal (age 51). They had nine children together but only one Emmanuel Philibert Duke of Savoy would reach adulthood. She the daughter of Manuel "Fortunate" I King Portugal (age 51) and Maria Trastámara Queen Consort Portugal. He the son of Philip "Landless" Savoy II Duke Savoy and Claudine Brosse. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

Letters and Papers 1535. 08 Apr 1535. R. O. 516. John Husee to Lord Lisle (age 70).

Has received his letter by John Broke. As for the £100 the King is cessed at, has delivered his Lordship's letter to Mr. Treasurer, who is in doubt how the King will take it, and says Mr. Secretary knows not but that his Lordship has paid the £135 already. Will do his best to show Mr. Secretary the full contents of his Lordship's pleasure; but Fowler refuses to meddle with the account if Lisle's request be granted, as it will have to be audited before the Commissioners. Smyth is in the country. Will ask Hidd's bonds of him on his return. The patent of £10 is at your pleasure. Mr. Densell has promised I shall have by Sunday next the minute for the assurance of the £120 Mr. Saymer must pay you yearly. Will endeavour to get it finished before he departs, and bring Lisle's part of the award and Saymer's bond with him. Has spoken for six pair of hose to be sent by next ship. Has received the King's letter and Mr. Secretary's, touching Oye Sluice, and will do his best therein. As for Buck's confession against Fryer, he goes now with my Lady to Calais, and cannot tarry to depose before my Lord Chancellor. He will always abide by what he has said. Cannot get Lisle's bill of victualling signed, but hopes to have it on Saturday. The King was at supper with Mr. Secretary on Wednesday last, and is now at Hackney; will be here on Saturday, and so to Hampton Court, whither the Queen (age 34) is removed, as one of her gentlewomen has got the measles. Mr. Secretary says you shall have the Staple Inn, and he will cause the King to write in it. Can get no answer of Bryan touching your patent. The saddle and harness is ready to be sent by next ship. Thinks it will turn out that Norfolk, Mr. Secretary, Mr. Treasurer, and Mr. Almoner or Mr. Comptroller of the King's house, go to the French king about Whitsuntide. London, 8 April.

Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 08 Apr 1559. The viij day of Aprell ther was a proclamasion of pesse [peace] betwyne the Quene('s) (age 25) grace and Hare the French kyng (age 40), and Dolphyn the kyng of Skottes (age 15), for ever, boyth by water and land; and ther was vj trumpeters and v haroldes of armes, master Garter and master Clarenshux, proclamyd yt, and Lankoster, Ruge Crosse, and Bluwmantyll, and my lord mayre (age 50) and all the althermen in skarlett; and Bluw-mantyll dyd proclaymyd that no players shuld play no more tyll a serten tyme of no mans players; but the mare or shreyff, balle [bailiff], constabull, or odur offesers take them, lay them in presun, and the quen('s) commondement layd on them.

Note. P. 193. Peace with France. See Hayward's Elizabeth, p. 36; Hayward dates the proclamation the 7th instead of the 8th April. The treaty, which was signed by Elizabeth at Westminster on the 20th Jan. and by Henry at Chateau-Cambray on the 2d April, is printed by Rymer, Fœdera, vol. xv. pp. 505–516.

On 08 Apr 1605 Philip IV King Spain was born to Philip III King Spain (age 27) and Margaret of Austria Queen Consort Spain (age 20). Coefficient of inbreeding 10.92%.

Pepy's Diary. 08 Apr 1666. The Court full this morning of the newes of Tom Cheffin's (age 66) death, the King's closett-keeper. He was well last night as ever, flaying at tables in the house, and not very ill this morning at six o'clock, yet dead before seven: they think, of an imposthume in his breast. But it looks fearfully among people nowadays, the plague, as we hear, encreasing every where again.

Pepy's Diary. 08 Apr 1666. To the Chappell, but could not get in to hear well. But I had the pleasure once in my life to see an Archbishop (age 70) (this was of Yorke) in a pulpit. Then at a loss how to get home to dinner, having promised to carry Mrs. Hunt thither. At last got my Lord Hinchingbroke's (age 18) coach, he staying at Court; and so took her up in Axe-yard [Map], and home and dined. And good discourse of the old matters of the Protector and his family, she having a relation to them. The Protector (age 39)1 lives in France: spends about £500 per annum. Thence carried her home again and then to Court and walked over to St. James's Chappell, thinking to have heard a Jesuite preach, but come too late. So got a Hackney and home, and there to business. At night had Mercer comb my head and so to supper, sing a psalm, and to bed.

Note 1. Richard Cromwell (age 39) subsequently returned to England, and resided in strict privacy at Cheshunt for some years before his death in 1712.

Evelyn's Diary. 08 Apr 1685. Being now somewhat compos'd after my greate affliction, I went to London to hear Dr. Tenison (age 48) (it being on a Wednesday in Lent) at Whitehall [Map]. I observ'd that tho' the King (age 51) was not in his seate above in the chapell, the Doctor made his three congees, which they were not us'd to do when the late King was absent, making then one bowing onely. I ask'd the reason; it was sayd he had a special order so to do. The Princesse of Denmark (age 34) was in the King's Closet, but sat on the left hand of the chaire, the Clearke of the Closet (age 50) standing by His Ma's chaire, as if he had ben present. I met the Queene Dowager (age 46) going now first from Whitehall to dwell at Somerset-house [Map]. This day my brother of Wotton and Mr. Onslow (age 30) were candidates for Surrey against Sr Adam Brown and my cousin Sr Edwd Evelyn, and were circumvented in their election by a trick of the Sheriff's taking advantage of my brother's party going out of the small village of Leatherhead [Map] to seek shelter and lodging, the afternoone being tempestuous, proceeding to the Election when they were gon; they expecting the next morning; whereas before and then they exceeded the other party by many hundreds, as I am assur'd. The Duke of Norfolk (age 30) led Sr Edw. Evelyn's and Sr Adam Brown's party. For this Parliament, very meane and slight persons (some of them gentlemen's servants, clearkes, and persons neither of reputation nor interest) were set up, but the country would choose my brother whether he would or no, and he miss'd it by the trick above mentioned. Sr Adam Brown was so deafe that he could not heare one word. S1 Edw. Evelyn was an honest gent much in favour with his Majesty.

Minutes of the Society of Antiquaries. 08 Apr 1719. Mr President brough an M:S. of the Antiquitys and History of Penfied in Essex which was read over. It was wrote by Mr Holmes [Note. This is noted as ?Holman so may not refer to George Holmes (age 57)] and thanks were ordered to him for it, it being a curious and very particular account of the place.

Ordered eodem die that one print of King Richard be presented to the public library of Oxford also one of the Font.

On 08 Apr 1737 George Beaumont 4th Baronet (age 73) died unmarried. He was buried at the Church of St Mary and All Saints, Stoughton [Map] where he has a memorial scuplted by Peter Scheemakers (age 46). His brother Reverend Lewis Beaumont 5th Baronet (age 64) succeeded 5th Baronet Beaumont of Stoughton Grange in Leicestershire.

On 08 Apr 1795 King George IV of Great Britain and Ireland (age 32) and Caroline of Brunswick Queen Consort England (age 26) were married at Chapel Royal, St James's Palace. He the son of King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 56) and Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England (age 50). They were first cousins. She a great granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 08 Apr 1818 King Christian IX of Denmark was born to Friedrich Wilhelm Glücksburg Duke Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Glücksburg (age 33) and Louise Caroline Hesse-Kassel Duchess Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Glücksburg (age 28). He a great x 2 grandson of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 08 Apr 1840 William Stephen Poyntz (age 70) died. Monument sculpted by Rafaelle Monti (age 22) in 1848 in St Mary's Church Easebourne Midhurst [Map].

Rafaelle Monti: In 1818 he was born in Milan. In 1881 he died.

The Diary of George Price Boyce 1854. 08 Apr 1854. J. E. Millais (age 24) and Munro called on me at Russell St. The former stayed some time and appeared much interested in my sketches, especially those taken in the neighbourhood of Dinan, and some few near Bettws. He thought I painted a good like old Hunt—wish I had a little of his genius! He wanted to finish his picture of Ruskin (looking on falling water) from some spot nearer than the Highlands. I recommended him the neighbourhood of Capel Curig. He suggested our exchanging sketches. Rossetti (age 25) came in at 3 and stayed till 10, working a greater part of the time on the old drawing I have of his, in which I cut out the head of the dancing boy and inserted a fresh piece of paper at the back. He improved it much in parts, especially the heads, but left it unfinished. He said he thought the most beautiful combination of colour in a picture to be green, blue, and carmine, all inclining to purplish, but the general tone of picture colour to incline to vellow. An opal I showed him elicited this. He gave me 2 pen and ink sketches made some time ago—one of his first idea of the drawing "to caper nimbly in a lady's chamber," and the other a Siren followed by two men in a boat. I am to give him a sketch in return. He lent me F. & G.'s edition of Hugo's "Notre Dame de Paris" with some fine illustrations by Meissonier and Legrand. He told me in conversation that W. H. Hunt (age 27) had a morbid conviction of his own ugliness and desired that all record of him to the present in the way of portraits or letters should be destroyed.

Births on the 8th April

On 08 Apr 1250 John Tristan Capet Count Valois was born to King Louis IX of France (age 35) and Margaret Provence Queen Consort France (age 29) at Damietta. He a great x 2 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

On 08 Apr 1320 Peter I King Portugal was born to Alfonso "Brave" IV King Portugal (age 29) and Beatrice Ivrea Queen Consort Portugal (age 27). Coefficient of inbreeding 3.61%.

On 08 Apr 1531 Lucia Dorothea Hohenzollern was born to Albert "The Elder" Hohenzollern I Duke Prussia (age 40) and Dorothea Oldenburg (age 26). Coefficient of inbreeding 1.98%.

Around 08 Apr 1534 James Stewart 6th of Traquair was born to William Stewart 2nd Lord Traquair (age 28) and Christian Hay (age 24).

On 08 Apr 1536 Barbara of Hesse was born to Landgrave Philip I of Hesse (age 31) and Christine of Saxony (age 30).

On 08 Apr 1569 Margaret Stewart Countess Erroll was born to James Stewart 1st Earl of Moray Regent (age 38) and Agnes Keith Countess Moray and Argyll (age 38). She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

On 08 Apr 1605 Princess Mary Stewart was born to King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland (age 38) and Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland England and Ireland (age 30) at the Palace of Placentia, Greenwich [Map]. Alice Dennis was chosen as midwife for which she received a reward of £100.

On 08 Apr 1605 Philip IV King Spain was born to Philip III King Spain (age 27) and Margaret of Austria Queen Consort Spain (age 20). Coefficient of inbreeding 10.92%.

On or before 08 Apr 1613 Cecilia Bayning was born to Paul Bayning 1st Viscount Bayning (age 25) and Anne Glemham Viscountess Bayning. She was baptised on 08 Apr 1613.

On or before 08 Apr 1615 William Sydenham Soldier was born to William Sydenham of Wynford Eagle in Dorset. He was baptised 08 Apr 1615.

On or before 08 Apr 1641 William Wycherley was born. He was baptised on 08 Apr 1641.

On 08 Apr 1655 Prince Louis William Margrave of Baden Baden was born.

On 08 Apr 1662 Mark Shafto of Whitworth Hall was born to Robert Shafto Of Whitworth (age 27) and Catherine Widdrington (age 20).

On 08 Apr 1715 Arthur Charles Stanhope was born to Michael Stanhope (age 34) and Penelope Lovell (age 22).

On 08 Apr 1719 Edmund Pery 1st Viscount Pery was born to Reverend Stackpole Pery at Limerick.

On 08 Apr 1722 Caroline Fitzroy Countess Harrington was born to Charles Fitzroy 2nd Duke Grafton (age 38) and Henrietta Somerset Duchess Grafton (age 31). She a great granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 08 Apr 1724 George Keppel 3rd Earl Albermarle was born to William Anne Keppel 2nd Earl Albermarle (age 21) and Anne Lennox Countess Albermarle (age 20). He a great grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 08 Apr 1727 Henry Dawnay 3rd Viscount Downe was born.

On 08 Apr 1772 William Duff-Gordon 2nd Baronet was born to Alexander Gordon (age 33) and Anne Duff Countess Dumfries (age 34).

On 08 Apr 1773 John Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie was born to James Archibald Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie (age 25) and Margaret Cunynghame.

On 08 Apr 1779 Richard FitzGerald King was born to Robert King 2nd Earl Kingston (age 25) and Caroline Fitzgerald.

On 08 Apr 1780 Charles Stanhope 4th Earl of Harrington was born to Charles Stanhope 3rd Earl of Harrington (age 27) and Jane Fleming Countess Harrington (age 24). He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 08 Apr 1791 Paulet St John-Mildmay was born to Henry Paulet St John-Mildmay 3rd Baronet (age 26) and Jane Mildmay. She was a twin with Judith St John-Mildmay Countess Radnor (age 1).

On 08 Apr 1800 James King 5th Earl Kingston was born to George King 3rd Earl Kingston (age 28) and Helena Moore Countess Kingston (age 26).

On 08 Apr 1817 Reverend William Collins Lukis was born to Frederick Collings Lukis (age 29).

On 08 Apr 1818 King Christian IX of Denmark was born to Friedrich Wilhelm Glücksburg Duke Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Glücksburg (age 33) and Louise Caroline Hesse-Kassel Duchess Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Glücksburg (age 28). He a great x 2 grandson of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 08 Apr 1822 Henry Royds of Elm House in Wavertree was born to Reverend Edward Royds (age 31) and Mary Molyneux (age 29). He was a twin with his brother Clement Royds.

On 08 Apr 1822 Clement Royds was born to Reverend Edward Royds (age 31) and Mary Molyneux (age 29). He was a twin with his brother Henry Royds of Elm House in Wavertree.

On 08 Apr 1847 Arthur Charles Isham was born to Reverend Arthur Isham (age 38).

On 08 Apr 1855 Brigadier-General Alington Bewicke-Copley was born to Robert Calverley Bewicke (age 36) and Mary Teresa Gooch (age 21) at Shotton Hall [Map].

On 08 Apr 1866 Feodora Louise Oldenburg was born to Frederick Christian Oldenburg II Duke Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg (age 36) and Adelheid Hohenlohe Langenburg Duchess Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg.

On 08 Apr 1869 Frederick Adolphus Wombwell was born to Frederick Charles Wombwell (age 23).

On 08 Apr 1871 Robert Hamilton-Udny 11th Lord Belhaven and Stenton was born.

On 19 Feb 1960 Prince Andrew Windsor 1st Duke of York was born to Philip Mountbatten Duke Edinburgh (age 38) and Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom (age 33) at Belgian Suite Buckingham Palace. He was baptised on 08 Apr 1960 by Archbishop Geoffrey Fisher (age 72) at the Music Room, Buckingham Palace.

On 08 Apr 1983 Josh Widdicombe was born to Gerard Widdicombe (age 33) at Hammersmith, Middlesex [Map].

Marriages on the 8th April

On 08 Apr 1350 King Charles V of France (age 11) and Joanna Bourbon Queen Consort France (age 12) were married. She by marriage Queen Consort of France. She the daughter of Peter Bourbon Duke Bourbon (age 39) and Isabella Valois Duchess Bourbon (age 37). He the son of King John "The Good" II of France (age 30) and Bonne Luxemburg Queen Consort France. They were half first cousin once removed. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Henry III of England.

On 08 Apr 1521 Charles 3rd Duke Savoy (age 34) and Beatrice Aviz Duchess Savoy (age 16) were married. She the daughter of richest monarch in Europe at the time Manuel "Fortunate" I King Portugal (age 51). They had nine children together but only one Emmanuel Philibert Duke of Savoy would reach adulthood. She the daughter of Manuel "Fortunate" I King Portugal (age 51) and Maria Trastámara Queen Consort Portugal. He the son of Philip "Landless" Savoy II Duke Savoy and Claudine Brosse. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

After 08 Apr 1527 Giles Greville (age 61) and Anne Reade (age 17) were married. The difference in their ages was 44 years.

On 08 Apr 1602 William Cope 2nd Baronet (age 25) and Elizabeth Chaworth Lady Cope were married at Hanwell, Oxfordshire.

On 08 Apr 1657 Thomas Chamberlayne 2nd Baronet (age 22) and Margaret Prideaux were married at St Dionis Backchurch.

On 08 Apr 1673 Stephen Anderson 1st Baronet (age 29) and Judith Laurence Lady Anderson (age 24) were married. She by marriage Lady Anderson of Eyeworth in Bedfordshire.

On 08 Apr 1680 John James and Dorothy Lane Countess Denbigh were married.

On 08 Apr 1719 Orlando Bridgeman 4th Baronet (age 23) and Anne Newport Lady Bridgeman were married. She the daughter of Richard Newport 2nd Earl Bradford (age 74) and Mary Wilbraham Countess Bradford (age 57).

On 08 Apr 1756 Bishop Spencer Madan (age 27) and Charlotte Cornwallis were married. She the daughter of Charles Cornwallis 1st Earl Cornwallis (age 56) and Elizabeth Townshend Countess Cornwallis.

On 08 Apr 1760 Matthew Blakiston 1st Baronet (age 58) and Annabella Bayley Lady Blakiston were married.

On 08 Apr 1765 Harry Powlett 6th Duke Bolton (age 44) and Katherine Lowther Duchess of Bolton (age 29) were married. He the son of Harry Powlett 4th Duke Bolton and Catherine Parry 6th Duchess Bolton.

On 08 Apr 1788 Horace Beckford aka Pitt-Rivers 3rd Baron Rivers (age 10) and Frances Rigby were married at her father's house in Upper Grosvenor Street.

On 08 Apr 1795 King George IV of Great Britain and Ireland (age 32) and Caroline of Brunswick Queen Consort England (age 26) were married at Chapel Royal, St James's Palace. He the son of King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 56) and Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England (age 50). They were first cousins. She a great granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 08 Apr 1797 George Augustus Herbert 11th Earl Pembroke 8th Earl Montgomery (age 37) and Elisabeth Beauclerk were married. He the son of Henry Herbert 10th Earl Pembroke 7th Earl Montgomery and Elizabeth Spencer Countess Pembroke and Montgomery (age 60). They were first cousins. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 08 Apr 1813 Bishop John Jenkinson (age 31) and Frances Augusta Pechell were married. They had two sons and two daughters.

On 08 Apr 1813 Richard Godin Simeon 2nd Baronet (age 28) and Louisa Edith Barrington were married.

On 08 Apr 1823 William Bryan Cooke 8th Baronet (age 41) and Isabella Cecilia Middleton Lady Cooke were married. They were half first cousins.

On 08 Apr 1828 Colonel Thomas Henry Kingscote of Kingscote Park in Gloucestershire (age 29) and Isabella Somerset Anne Frances (age 19) were married at Badminton, Gloucestershire. She died three years later in childbirth. She the daughter of Henry Charles Somerset 6th Duke Beaufort (age 61) and Charlotte Sophia Leveson-Gower Duchess Beaufort (age 57).

On 08 Apr 1899 Aldred Beresford Lumley 10th Earl Scarborough (age 41) and Lucy Cecilia Dunn-Garnder Countess Scarborough were married at Christ Church. She by marriage Countess Scarborough. He the son of Richard Lumley 9th Earl Scarborough and Adeliza Drummond Countess Scarborough.

Deaths on the 8th April

Before 08 Apr 1269 Hawise Courtenay (age 49) died.

On 23 Aug 1305 William Wallace was hanged at the Elms in Smithfield [Map]. His head being displayed on London Bridge [Map].

On 08 Apr 1956 a plaque was unveiled on the wall of St Bartholomew's Hospital near to the site of his execution the text of which reads ...

To the immortal memory of Sir William Wallace Scottish patriot born at Elderslie Renfrewshire circa 1270 A.D. Who from the year 1296 fought dauntlessly in defence of his country's liberty and independence in the face of fearful odds and great hardship being eventually betrayed and captured brought to London and put to death near this spot on the 23rd August 1305.

His example heroism and devotion inspired those who came after him to win victory from defeat and his memory remains for all time a source of pride, honour and inspiration to his Countrymen.

"Dico tibi verum libertas optima rerum nunquam servili sub nexu vivito fili"

Translation: I tell you the truth, son, freedom is the best condition, never live like a slave

"Bas Agus Buaidh" aka Death and Victory, a traditional Scottish battle cry.

On 08 Apr 1349 John St John Lagenham 3rd Baron St John Lagenham (age 41) died at Headington, Oxfordshire.

On 01 Jul 1364 King John "The Good" II of France was informed that his son had escaped from his captivity. John announced he would return to England as a matter of honour. He left around Dec 1363 arriving in London to parades and feasts.

On 08 Apr 1364 King John "The Good" II of France (age 44) died at Savoy Palace [Map]. His son King Charles V of France (age 25) succeeded V King France: Capet Valois.

On 08 Apr 1395 Robert Corbie (age 45) died. His daughter Joan Corbie (age 23) inherited Boughton aka Bocton Place, Kent [Map].

On 08 Apr 1398 William Fitzwilliam (age 52) died at Emley Wakefield.

On 08 Apr 1401 Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick (age 63) died. His son Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick (age 19) succeeded 13th Earl Warwick. Elizabeth Berkeley Countess Warwick (age 15) by marriage Countess Warwick.

On 08 Apr 1419 Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk (age 43) died.

Between 25 Jan 1453 and 08 Apr 1454 Roger Harsick died.

Around 08 Apr 1475 John Astley (age 66) died in Melton Constable, Norfolk [Map].

On 08 Apr 1485 Elizabeth Dacre (age 77) died.

On 08 Apr 1487 Richard Haute died.

On 08 Apr 1492 Lorenzo de Medici (age 43) died.

On 08 Apr 1502 Peter Dutton (age 50) died.

On 08 Apr 1503 Peter Dutton (age 73) died.

On 08 Apr 1548 Henry Daubeney 1st Earl Bridgewater (age 54) died. Earl Bridgewater extinct. His nephew John Bourchier 2nd Earl Bath (age 49) succeeded 3rd Baron Daubeney.

On 08 Apr 1561 Alice Leveson died.

On 08 Apr 1569 Walter Strickland (age 53) died.

On 08 Apr 1569 Janet Lindsay died.

On 08 Apr 1574 George Verney died.

On 08 Apr 1592 Dorothea Susanne Palatinate Simmern (age 47) died.

On 08 Apr 1595 Henri Valois I Duke Longueville (age 27) died. His son Henri Valois II Duke Longueville succeeded II Duke Longueville being some two days old.

On 08 Apr 1606 Charles Hohenzollern Sigmaringen (age 59) died.

On 08 Apr 1608 Magdalen Dacre Viscountess Montague (age 70) died at Battle Abbey [Map]. She was buried at Midhurst; subsequently moved to St Mary's Church Easebourne Midhurst [Map].

On 08 Apr 1609 Adolphus Carey (age 31) died.

On 08 Apr 1609 Thomas Southwell (age 60) died.

On 08 Apr 1609 Mark Kerr 1st Earl Lothian (age 56) died. His son Robert Kerr 2nd Earl Lothian (age 35) succeeded 2nd Earl Lothian. Annabel Campbell Countess Lothian by marriage Countess Lothian.

On 08 Apr 1639 Anne Russell 2nd Marchioness Worcester (age 61) died at Worcester House.

On 08 Apr 1666 Thomas Chiffinch Keeper of the King's Closet (age 66) died. He was buried on 10 Apr 1666 at Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 08 Apr 1676 Mary Cromwell died.

On 08 Apr 1681 William Fleming 5th Earl Wigtown died. His son John Fleming 6th Earl Wigtown (age 8) succeeded 6th Earl Wigtown, 11th Lord Fleming.

On 08 Apr 1689 Diana Grey Countess Elgin and Ailesbury (age 59) died.

On 08 Apr 1691 Francis Fane (age 53) died. Henry Fane of Brympton (age 22) inherited Fulbeck Hall.

On 08 Apr 1702 Thomas Gale Scholar (age 67) died.

On 08 Apr 1702 Thomas Gale (age 67) died.

On 08 Apr 1704 Henry Sidney 1st Earl Romney (age 63) died. Earl Romney extinct.

On 08 Apr 1710 Edward Seymour-Conway died.

On 08 Apr 1727 John Brydges (age 24) died.

On 08 Apr 1737 George Beaumont 4th Baronet (age 73) died unmarried. He was buried at the Church of St Mary and All Saints, Stoughton [Map] where he has a memorial scuplted by Peter Scheemakers (age 46). His brother Reverend Lewis Beaumont 5th Baronet (age 64) succeeded 5th Baronet Beaumont of Stoughton Grange in Leicestershire.

On 08 Apr 1746 Marjory Scott Viscountess Stormont died.

On 08 Apr 1758 Louise Anne Bourbon Condé (age 62) died.

On 08 Apr 1770 or 21 Apr 1770 Lister Holte 5th Baronet (age 49) died. His brother Charles Holte 6th Baronet (age 48) succeeded 6th Baronet Holte of Aston in Warwickshire and inherited Brereton Hall, Cheshire [Map].

On 08 Apr 1773 Mary Browne (age 55) died.

On 08 Apr 1773 Elizabeth Price (age 66) died. She was buried at the Church of St Mary Magdalene, Eardisley [Map]

On 08 Apr 1781 Barbara Yelverton (age 20) died.

On 08 Apr 1798 Henry Noel 6th Earl Gainsborough (age 55) died without issue. He was buried in St Luke's Church, Kinoulton. The title Earl Gainsborough, Viscount Campden extinct.

On 08 Apr 1799 Elizabeth Berekeley Duchess Beaufort (age 86) died.

On 08 Apr 1800 James De Lancey (age 68) died.

On 08 Apr 1800 James Stuart Mackenzie (age 77) died.

On 08 Apr 1809 William Cockayne (age 52) died.

On 08 Apr 1818 Emily Mary Fitzgerald (age 67) died.

On 08 Apr 1836 Charles Stanhope (age 4) died.

On 08 Apr 1839 Du Pre Alexander 2nd Earl Caledon (age 61) died. His son James Alexander 3rd Earl Caledon (age 26) succeeded 3rd Earl Caledon in County Tyrone.

On 08 Apr 1840 William Stephen Poyntz (age 70) died. Monument sculpted by Rafaelle Monti (age 22) in 1848 in St Mary's Church Easebourne Midhurst [Map].

Rafaelle Monti: In 1818 he was born in Milan. In 1881 he died.

On 08 Apr 1846 John Francis Twisden (age 53) died.

On 08 Apr 1878 Joanna Hobhouse (age 71) died.

On 08 Apr 1886 Frances Mary Lavinia Polidori (age 85) died. She was buried in the Rossetti Family Grave.

On 08 Apr 1895 Catherine Burgh (age 65) died.

On 08 Apr 1897 Colonel Charles William Paulet (age 64) died.

On 08 Apr 1900 Lucy Ellen Tichborne died.

On 08 Apr 1905 Anne Lupton (age 93) died.

On 08 Apr 1908 Hugh le Despencer Boscawen (age 59) died without issue.

On 08 Apr 1916 Stafford Howard-Molyneux-Howard (age 64) died.

On 08 Apr 1918 Walter Robert Stewart (age 30) died.

On 08 Apr 1919 Thomas Chapman 7th Baronet (age 72) died.

On 08 Apr 1929 Muriel Edith Lily Clayton (age 28) died.

On 08 Apr 1929 Charles Tertius Mander 1st Baronet (age 76) died.

On 08 Apr 1932 William Henry Doyle aka North 11th Baron North (age 95) died. His son William Frederick North 12th Baron North (age 71) succeeded 12th Baron North.

On 08 Apr 1950 Hubertus Hohenzollern (age 40) died.

On 08 Apr 1964 Kathleen Elizabeth Farrar Lady Fuller died.

On 08 Apr 1968 Claude Hope-Morley (age 80) died.

On 08 Apr 2013 Anne Constable-Maxwell Duchess Norfolk (age 85) died.