On this Day in History ... 9th March

09 Mar is in March.

1301 Baron's Letter to the Pope

1525 Battle of Pavia

1566 Murder of David Rizzio

1649 Execution of Three Lords

1665 Sinking of The London

1715 General Election

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 9th March

Before 09 Mar 1301 seven Earls and 96 Barons signed a letter to the Pope refuting the Pope's claim that Scotland was subject to the Pope's feudal overlordship. The letter was never sent. Those who signed include: John Warenne 6th Earl of Surrey (age 70), Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, Earl of Salisbury and Lincoln (age 23), Ralph Monthermer 1st Baron Monthermer (age 31), Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford 3rd Earl Essex (age 25), Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk (age 56), Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl of Arundel (age 34), Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick (age 29), Aymer de Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke (age 26), William Leybourne 1st Baron Leybourne (age 59), Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster (age 20), William Latimer 1st Baron Latimer of Corby (age 58), Edmund Hastings, John Hastings 2nd Baron Hastings 14th Baron Bergavenny (age 14), Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer of Wigmore (age 50), Fulk Fitzwarin 2nd Baron Fitzwarin (age 16), Henry Percy 9th and 1st Baron Percy (age 27), Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter (age 54), John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Somerset (age 26), William de Braose 2nd Baron de Braose (age 41), John Botetort 1st Baron Botetort (age 36), Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey of Wilton (age 61), John Moels 1st Baron Moels (age 32), Thomas Berkeley 6th and 1st Baron Berkeley (age 55), Robert de Vere 5th Earl of Oxford, John Strange 1st Baron Strange Knockin (age 48), Thomas Multon 1st Baron Multon (age 25), Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford (age 26), Walter Beauchamp (age 58), Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby (age 33), John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave (age 45), William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers of Groby (age 29), Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu (age 51), Piers Mauley, Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville of Raby (age 38), John Mohun 1st Baron Dunster (age 32), Roger Scales 1st Baron Scales, Thomas Furnival 1st Baron Furnivall (age 41), Hugh Bardolf 1st Baron Bardolf (age 41), Gilbert Talbot 1st Baron Talbot (age 24), William Deincourt 1st Baron Deincourt, Edmund Stafford 1st Baron Stafford (age 28), Walter Fauconberg 1st Baron Fauconberg (age 81).

Calendars. On 09 Mar 1484 King Richard III of England (age 31). Westminster Palace [Map]. Grant for life to the king's servant Robert Brackenbury of the office of Constable of the Tower of London and £100 yearly for his wages from the issues of the manors or lordships of Wrottell, Haveryng, Boyton, Hadlegh, Raylegh and Rocheford, co Essex, and Tunbrich, Penshurste, Middleton and Merdon and the hundred of Middleton, co Kent, with arrears from 17 July last, in lieu of a grant to him by letters patent of that date surrendered. By p.s.

Wriothesley's Chronicle 1520-1529. 09 Mar 1525. This yeare, the 9th day of Marche,c tidinges were brought to the Kinge (age 33) that Francis (age 30), the French King, was taken prisoner before the cittie Pavie, in Italie, by the Duke of Burbon (age 35), capteyn of the Emperoures (age 25) hoste,d and 14,000 French men slayne at the same feild.

And the Archbishop of Yorke (age 52), cardinall and legatt de latere, songe masse the same tyme in Paules churche [Map], in his "pontificalibus,"e and 11 bishopps and abbotts, with their miters, beinge present, the Duke of Northfolke (age 52) and the Duke of Suffolke (age 41), with all the nobles of the realme. And the saide Cardinall (age 52) grawnted the same to all manner of persons, beinge within the precinct of the churche in the tyme of the masse, plenary remission of their synnes, à pœná et culpá; and, after masse, Te Deum was sunge for the sayde victorie,a the Major,b Aldermen, with the head craftes of the cittie standinge in the bodie of the churche in theyr liveries; and that night great fiers were made in divers places of the cittie, with vessells of wyne at everie fier for the people to drincke.

Note c. Francis I was made prisoner on the 24th February.

Note d. Charles Duke of Bourbon (age 35), Constable of France, being persecuted by Francis I for refusing to marry Louisa of Savoy (age 48), the French King's (age 30) mother, sought the protection of the Emperor Charles V (age 25) by whom he was appointed his lieutenant in Italy.

Note e. After Wolsey (age 52) had been invested by Pope Leo X with the sole legatine power in England, he was wont to say mass on state occasions after the manner of the Pope himself.

Note a. The victory gained by the Imperialists over the French before Pavia so changed the aspect of affairs on the continent that Henry at first entertained a project forinvading France, and asserting his claim to that crown.

Note b. Sir John Allen.

On 09 Mar 1566 at eight o'clock in the evening David Rizzio (age 33) was murdered in the presence of the six months pregnant Mary Queen of Scots (age 23) and her half-sister Jean Stewart Countess Argyll (age 33) at Holyrood Palace [Map] by rebels led by Patrick Ruthven 3rd Lord Ruthven. Rizzio was dragged through the bed chamber into the adjacent Audience Chamber and stabbed an alleged 57 times. Mary's husband Henry "Lord Darnley" Stewart (age 20) was suspected of being one of the murderers.

On 15 Mar 1566 Mary Queen of Scots (age 23) writes to Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (age 32):

As first hes takin our houss slane our maist [most] speciall servand (age 33) in our awin [own] presence & thaireftir haldin our propper personis captive tressonneblie, quhairby [whereby] we war constrainit to escaipe straitlie about midnyght out of our palice of halliruidhouss [Map] to the place quhair [where] we ar for the present, in the grittest danger feir of our lywis & ewill [ill] estate that evir princes on earth stuid [stood] in.

We thotht to have writtin to you this letter with oure awin [own] hand, that therby ye myght have better onestand all our meaning & takin mair [more] familliarlie therewit. Bot of trewt [truth] we ar so tyrit [tired] & ewill [ill] at eass [ease], quhat [what] throw rydding of twenty millis [miles] in v [5] horis [hours] of the nyght as wit the frequent seikness & weill dispositioun be th'occasioun of our child/that we could not at this tyme as we was willing to have done…

Your richt [right] gud sister and cusignes [cousin] Marie R.

Jean Stewart Countess Argyll: Around 1533 she was born illegitimately to King James V of Scotland and Elizabeth Bethune. She a great granddaughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland. In 1553 Archibald Campbell 5th Earl Argyll and she were married. She by marriage Countess Argyll. She the illegitmate daughter of King James V of Scotland and Elizabeth Bethune. He the son of Archibald Campbell 4th Earl Argyll and Helen Hamilton Countess Argyll. They were third cousins. She a great granddaughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland. On 07 Jan 1588 Jean Stewart Countess Argyll died.

Patrick Ruthven 3rd Lord Ruthven: he was born to William Ruthven 2nd Lord Ruthven and Janet Halyburton Lady Dirletoun. Before 1551 Patrick Ruthven 3rd Lord Ruthven and Janet Douglas were married. She the illegitmate daughter of Archibald Douglas 6th Earl Angus. After 1551 Patrick Ruthven 3rd Lord Ruthven and Janet Stewart were married. His second marriage, her fourth. She the daughter of John Stewart 2nd Earl Atholl and Janet Campbell Countess Atholl. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward III of England. On 13 May 1566 Patrick Ruthven 3rd Lord Ruthven died.

On 09 Mar 1649 at the Old Palace Yard three Royalist Lords were beheaded ...

Arthur Capell 1st Baron Capell Hadham (age 41) was beheaded. His son Arthur Capell 1st Earl Essex (age 17) succeeded 2nd Baron Capell Hadham.

Henry Rich 1st Earl Holland (age 58) was beheaded. His son Robert Rich 5th Earl Warwick 2nd Earl Holland (age 30) succeeded 2nd Earl Holland. Elizabeth Ingram Countess Holland (age 26) by marriage Countess Holland.

James Hamilton 1st Duke Hamilton (age 42) was beheaded. His brother William Hamilton 2nd Duke Hamilton (age 32) succeeded 2nd Duke Hamilton, 3rd Earl Cambridge by special remainder.

John Owen (age 49) had been sentenced to death but was subsequently pardoned.

Evelyn's Diary. 09 Mar 1649. Now were the Lords murdered in the Palace Yard. [Note. The original entry was dated 05 Mar 1649 whereas most sources agree on the date of their execution being 09 Mar 1649?]

Evelyn's Diary. 09 Mar 1665. I went to receive the poor creatures that were saved out of the London frigate, blown up by accident, with above 200 men. .

Evelyn's Diary. 09 Mar 1690. I dined at the Bishop of St. Asaph's (age 62), Almoner to the new Queen (age 27), with the famous lawyer Sir George Mackenzie (age 54) (late Lord Advocate of Scotland), against whom both the Bishop (age 62) and myself had written and published books, but now most friendly reconciled. He related to us many particulars of Scotland, the present sad condition of it, the inveterate hatred which the Presbyterians show to the family of the Stuarts, and the exceeding tyranny of those bigots who acknowledge no superior on earth, in civil or divine matters, maintaining that the people only have the right of government; their implacable hatred to the Episcopal Order and Church of England. He observed that the first Presbyterian dissents from our discipline were introduced by the Jesuits' order, about the 20 of Queen Elizabeth, a famous Jesuit among them feigning himself a Protestant, and who was the first who began to pray extempore, and brought in that which they since called, and are still so fond of, praying by the Spirit. This Jesuit remained many years before he was discovered, afterward died in Scotland, where he was buried at ... having yet on his. Monument, "Rosa inter spinas"..

Between 22 Jan 1715 and 09 Mar 1715 the 1715 General Election was held. The election had been caused by George I's (age 54) succession. The Whig party, which supported George I (age 54), won an overwhelming majority.

John Rushout 4th Baronet (age 29) was elected MP Malmesbury.

Leonard Smelt (age 32) was elected MP Northallerton.

Thomas Frankland 3rd Baronet (age 30) was elected MP Thirsk.

George Carpenter 1st Baron Carpenter (age 57) was elected MP Whitchurch.

On 09 Mar 1734 Marie Suzanne Giroust was born.

On 09 Mar 1838 Walter Rowlands Ingram was born to Reverend George Ingram at Chedburh Suffolk.

On 09 Mar 1850 William Hamo Thornycroft was born to Thomas Thornycroft (age 34). He was baptised on 09 Jun 1850 at St Pancras Old Church.

On 09 Mar 1855 Mary Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie died.

On 09 Mar 1881 Caroline Amalie Oldenburg Queen Norway (age 84) died.

Births on the 9th March

On 09 Mar 1213 Hugh IV Duke Burgundy was born to Odo III Duke Burgundy (age 47) and Alice Vergy Duchess Burgundy.

On 09 Mar 1492 John Brydges 1st Baron Chandos was born to Giles Brugge 6th Baron Chandos (age 30) and Isabel Baynham Baroness Chandos (age 17) at Coberley, Gloucestershire.

On 09 Mar 1539 Infante Anthony Aviz was born to John III King Portugal (age 36) and Catherine of Austria Queen Consort Portugal (age 32). Coefficient of inbreeding 11.30%.

On 09 Mar 1605 Henry Hastings was born to Henry Hastings (age 50) and Mabel Faunt.

On 09 Mar 1607 Gervase Holles was born to Frescheville Holles of Grimsby. He was baptised on 13 Mar 1607 at Grimsby.

On 09 Mar 1663 Peletiah Barnardiston 3rd Baronet was born to Nathaniel Barnardiston (age 44).

On 09 Mar 1666 George Granville 1st Baron Lansdowne was born to Bernard Granville (age 35).

On 09 Mar 1682 Alexander Knightley was born to Richard Knightley (age 24) and Elizabeth Waldron (age 23).

On 20 Dec 1720. [Note. Wikipedia says 09 Mar 1720]. Philip Yorke 2nd Earl of Hardwicke was born to Philip Yorke 1st Earl of Hardwicke (age 30) and Margaret Cocks Countess Hardwicke.

On 09 Mar 1721 Countess Palatine Caroline of Zweibrücken was born to Count Palatine Christian III of Zweibrücken (age 46).

On 09 Mar 1734 Marie Suzanne Giroust was born.

On 09 Mar 1746 Sophie Saxe Coburg Altenburg was born to Duke Frederick III of Saxe Coburg Altenburg III (age 46) and Luise Dorothea Saxe Meiningen Duchess Saxe Gotha Altenburg (age 35) at Gotha.

On 04 Feb 1750 Walter Spencer-Stanhope was born to Walter Stanhope and Ann Spencer. He was baptised on 09 Mar 1750. He was educated at Bradford Grammar School and went up to University College, Oxford, and later studied law at the Middle Temple, London.

On 09 Mar 1765 Thomas Raymond Arundell was born to James Everard Arundell (age 44) and Ann Wyndham.

After 09 Mar 1771 John Aubrey was born to John Aubrey 6th Baronet (age 31) and Mary Colebrooke (age 21).

On 09 Mar 1775 Joseph Wallis Hoare 3rd Baronet was born to Edward Hoare 2nd Baronet (age 29).

On 09 Mar 1776 Archduke Joseph of Austria was born.

On 09 Mar 1778 Rowland Egerton-Warburton was born to Philip Egerton of Oulton (age 40) and Mary Eyles-Styles (age 33). Coefficient of inbreeding 6.25%.

On 09 Mar 1789 Karl Friedrich Hesse-Kassel was born to Frederick Hesse-Kassel (age 41). He a great grandson of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 09 Mar 1791 Daniel Gurney was born to John Gurney (age 41).

On 09 Mar 1803 Henry Lowry-Corry was born to Somerset Lowry-Corry 2nd Earl Belmore (age 28) and Juliana Butler Countess Belmore (age 19). Coefficient of inbreeding 6.27%.

On 09 Mar 1807 Frederick Paget was born to Berkeley Thomas Paget (age 27) and Sophia Askell Bucknall.

On 09 Mar 1815 Reverend Alleyn Fitzherbert was born to Henry FitzHerbert 3rd Baronet (age 31) and Agnes Beresford Lady Fitzherbert (age 30).

On 09 Mar 1832 Prince Karl of Baden was born to Leopold Grand Duke of Baden (age 41) and Princess Sophie of Sweden (age 30). He a great x 3 grandson of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 09 Mar 1837 Florance George Henry Irby 5th Baron Boston was born to George Ives Irby 4th Baron Boston (age 34) and Fanny Elizabeth Hopkins-Northey Baroness Boston (age 28).

On 09 Mar 1838 Walter Rowlands Ingram was born to Reverend George Ingram at Chedburh Suffolk.

On 09 Mar 1842 Anthony Cope 13th Baronet was born to William Henry Cope 12th Baronet (age 31).

On 09 Mar 1849 Willoughby Brooke was born at Bentham Rectory.

On 09 Mar 1850 William Hamo Thornycroft was born to Thomas Thornycroft (age 34). He was baptised on 09 Jun 1850 at St Pancras Old Church.

On 09 Mar 1851 Arthur Edward Casamaijor Cole was born to William Willoughby Cole 3rd Earl Enniskillen (age 44) and Jane Casamaijor Countess Enniskillen.

On 09 Mar 1865 Alice Emma Grey was born to Lieutenant Colonel George Henry Grey (age 29) and Harriet Jane Pearson (age 26) at Fallodon Hall [Map].

On 09 Mar 1924 June Mary Ponsonby was born to Hubert William Ponsonby 5th Baron de Mauley (age 45).

On 09 Mar 1963 Ivar Mountbatten was born to David Mountbatten 3rd Marquess Milford Haven (age 43) and Janet Bryce Marchioness Milford Haven. He a great x 3 grandson of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

Marriages on the 9th March

Before 09 Mar 1439 Herbert Maxwell 1st Lord Maxwell (age 51) and Janet Herries (age 48) were married.

After 09 Mar 1439 Herbert Maxwell 1st Lord Maxwell (age 51) and Catherine Seton (age 29) were married. The difference in their ages was 22 years.

Before 09 Mar 1535 Edward Seymour 1st Duke of Somerset (age 35) and Anne Stanhope Duchess Somerset (age 38) were married. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

After 09 Mar 1572 Henry Capell (age 46) and Mary Browne (age 45) were married. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

Before 09 Mar 1579 Thomas Atkins (age 54) and Margaret Atkins were married.

On 09 Mar 1598 Henry Berkeley 7th Baron Berkeley (age 63) and Jane Stanhope Baroness Berkeley (age 51) were married at St Giles without Cripplegate Church [Map]. She by marriage Baroness Berkeley. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 09 Mar 1641 William Ayscough of Osgoodby (age 26) and Judith Burgoyne (age 1) were married. The difference in their ages was 25 years.

Before 09 Mar 1670 Richard Talbot 1st Earl Tyrconnell (age 40) and Frances Jennings (age 23) were married.

Before 09 Mar 1686 Henry Seymour (age 74) and Elizabeth Killigrew (age 73) were married. They were half first cousins.

After 09 Mar 1723 William Strickland 4th Baronet (age 37) and Catherine Sambrooke Lady Strickland (age 17) were married. The difference in their ages was 20 years.

On 09 Mar 1735 Mark Sykes 1st Baronet (age 23) and Decima Woodham were married.

On 09 Mar 1738 Charles Tynte 5th Baronet (age 27) and Anne Busby Lady Tynte were married.

On 09 Mar 1753 Frederick Calvert 6th Baron Baltimore (age 22) and Diana Egerton Baroness Baltimore (age 22) were married. She by marriage Baroness Baltimore of Longford in Leinster. She the daughter of Scroop Egerton 1st Duke Bridgewater and Rachel Russell Duchess Bridgewater (age 46). He a great x 2 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 09 Mar 1766 William Flower 2nd Viscount Ashbrook (age 21) and Elizabeth Ridge Viscountess Ashbrook (age 19) were married. She by marriage Viscountess Ashbrook.

On 09 Mar 1768 Walter Campbell of Shawfield (age 26) and Eleanor Kerr of Newfield were married.

On 09 Mar 1771 John Aubrey 6th Baronet (age 31) and Mary Colebrooke (age 21) were married.

On 09 Mar 1780 Friedrich Karl Ludwig Oldenburg I Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck (age 22) and Friederike Schlieben Duchess Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck were married. She by marriage Duchess Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck. He the son of Karl Anton Oldenburg I Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck and Frederica Charlotte Dohna Schlodien Duchess Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck.

Before 09 Mar 1856 Thomas Liddell (age 55) and Caroline Elizabeth Barrington were married. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 09 Mar 1906 Gerald Arthur Arundell 15th Baron Arundel (age 44) and Ivy Florence Mary Segrave Baroness Arundel Wardour (age 31) were married. She by marriage Baroness Arundel of Wardour in Wiltshire.

On 09 Mar 1932 Johann Leopold Saxe Coburg Gotha (age 25) and Feodora von der Horst were married. He a great grandson of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

Deaths on the 9th March

On 09 Mar 1062 Herbert Maine II Count Maine died.

On 09 Mar 1188 Raymond Burgundy died.

On 09 Mar 1221 Thomas Astley (age 68) died.

On 09 Mar 1302 Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl of Arundel (age 35) died. He was buried at Haughmond Abbey [Map]. His son Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl of Arundel (age 16) succeeded 9th Earl Arundel Sussex.

On 09 Mar 1312 Beatrice Montfort Countess Dreux (age 63) died.

On 09 Mar 1314 Robert Neville died at Brampton, Cumberland [Map].

On 09 Mar 1439 Janet Herries (age 48) died.

On 09 Mar 1469 Thomas Giffard of Twyford (age 61) died.

On 09 Mar 1477 Henry IV Duke of Mecklenburg (age 60) died.

On 09 Mar 1483 Margaret Savoy Countess Saint Pol (age 43) died.

On 09 Mar 1503 Geoffrey Dormer of Thame (age 95) died.

On 09 Mar 1512 John Brooke 7th Baron Cobham (age 64) died at Cowling, Kent. He was buried at Church of St Mary Magdalene, Cobham. His son Thomas Brooke 8th Baron Cobham (age 42) succeeded 8th Baron Cobham.

On 09 Mar 1530 Edward Darell of Littlecote (age 64) died.

On 09 Mar 1566 at eight o'clock in the evening David Rizzio (age 33) was murdered in the presence of the six months pregnant Mary Queen of Scots (age 23) and her half-sister Jean Stewart Countess Argyll (age 33) at Holyrood Palace [Map] by rebels led by Patrick Ruthven 3rd Lord Ruthven. Rizzio was dragged through the bed chamber into the adjacent Audience Chamber and stabbed an alleged 57 times. Mary's husband Henry "Lord Darnley" Stewart (age 20) was suspected of being one of the murderers.

On 15 Mar 1566 Mary Queen of Scots (age 23) writes to Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (age 32):

As first hes takin our houss slane our maist [most] speciall servand (age 33) in our awin [own] presence & thaireftir haldin our propper personis captive tressonneblie, quhairby [whereby] we war constrainit to escaipe straitlie about midnyght out of our palice of halliruidhouss [Map] to the place quhair [where] we ar for the present, in the grittest danger feir of our lywis & ewill [ill] estate that evir princes on earth stuid [stood] in.

We thotht to have writtin to you this letter with oure awin [own] hand, that therby ye myght have better onestand all our meaning & takin mair [more] familliarlie therewit. Bot of trewt [truth] we ar so tyrit [tired] & ewill [ill] at eass [ease], quhat [what] throw rydding of twenty millis [miles] in v [5] horis [hours] of the nyght as wit the frequent seikness & weill dispositioun be th'occasioun of our child/that we could not at this tyme as we was willing to have done…

Your richt [right] gud sister and cusignes [cousin] Marie R.

Jean Stewart Countess Argyll: Around 1533 she was born illegitimately to King James V of Scotland and Elizabeth Bethune. She a great granddaughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland. In 1553 Archibald Campbell 5th Earl Argyll and she were married. She by marriage Countess Argyll. She the illegitmate daughter of King James V of Scotland and Elizabeth Bethune. He the son of Archibald Campbell 4th Earl Argyll and Helen Hamilton Countess Argyll. They were third cousins. She a great granddaughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland. On 07 Jan 1588 Jean Stewart Countess Argyll died.

Patrick Ruthven 3rd Lord Ruthven: he was born to William Ruthven 2nd Lord Ruthven and Janet Halyburton Lady Dirletoun. Before 1551 Patrick Ruthven 3rd Lord Ruthven and Janet Douglas were married. She the illegitmate daughter of Archibald Douglas 6th Earl Angus. After 1551 Patrick Ruthven 3rd Lord Ruthven and Janet Stewart were married. His second marriage, her fourth. She the daughter of John Stewart 2nd Earl Atholl and Janet Campbell Countess Atholl. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward III of England. On 13 May 1566 Patrick Ruthven 3rd Lord Ruthven died.

On 09 Mar 1572 Catherine Manners (age 32) died.

On 09 Mar 1578 Margaret Stewart (age 81) died.

On 09 Mar 1579 Thomas Atkins (age 54) died.

On 09 Mar 1585 Julia Stanley (age 82) died.

On 09 Mar 1585 Elizabeth Fletcher (age 85) died.

On 09 Mar 1589 Frances Sidney Countess Sussex (age 58) died. On 15 Apr 1589 she was buried in Chapel of St Paul, Westminster Abbey [Map].

On or before 09 Mar 1591 Geoffrey Pole of Lordington in Sussex (age 45) died.

Around 09 Mar 1594 George Smith died.

Around 09 Mar 1606 James Stewart 6th of Traquair (age 71) died. His grandson John Stewart 1st Earl Traquair (age 6) succeeded 7th Lord Traquair.

On 09 Mar 1612 Edward Ayscough (age 74) died.

On 09 Mar 1621 John Stanhope 1st Baron Stanhope (age 72) died. His son Charles Stanhope 2nd Baron Stanhope (age 28) succeeded 2nd Baron Stanhope of Harrington.

Around 09 Mar 1628 Edmund Quincy (age 68) died in Massachusetts.

On 09 Mar 1649 at the Old Palace Yard three Royalist Lords were beheaded ...

Arthur Capell 1st Baron Capell Hadham (age 41) was beheaded. His son Arthur Capell 1st Earl Essex (age 17) succeeded 2nd Baron Capell Hadham.

Henry Rich 1st Earl Holland (age 58) was beheaded. His son Robert Rich 5th Earl Warwick 2nd Earl Holland (age 30) succeeded 2nd Earl Holland. Elizabeth Ingram Countess Holland (age 26) by marriage Countess Holland.

James Hamilton 1st Duke Hamilton (age 42) was beheaded. His brother William Hamilton 2nd Duke Hamilton (age 32) succeeded 2nd Duke Hamilton, 3rd Earl Cambridge by special remainder.

John Owen (age 49) had been sentenced to death but was subsequently pardoned.

On 09 Mar 1650 Elizabeth Darcy 1st Countess Rivers (age 69) died. Earl Rivers extinct since it was a created for life only .

On 09 Mar 1661 Cardinal Mazarin (age 58) died.

On 09 Mar 1669 Anne Stewart (age 88) died.

On 09 Mar 1670 Frances Jennings (age 23) died.

On 09 Mar 1686 Henry Seymour (age 74) died.

On 09 Mar 1714 Hugh Acland 5th Baronet (age 75) died. His grandson Hugh Acland 6th Baronet (age 17) succeeded 6th Baronet Acland of Columb John in Devon.

On 09 Mar 1745 John Webb (age 45) died.

On 09 Mar 1756 Thomas Brereton aka Salusbury (age 72) died. His son Owen Brereton aka Salusbury-Brereton (age 41) inherited Shotwick Park, Cheshire.

On 09 Mar 1770 Arthur Charles Stanhope (age 54) died.

On 09 Mar 1771 Anne Spencer Duchess Hamilton Duchess Brandon (age 61) died.

On 09 Mar 1779 Catherine Henley died.

On 09 Mar 1798 Friederike Sophie Dorothea Hohenzollern (age 61) died.

On 09 Mar 1800 Lucy Knightley (age 72) died.

On 09 Mar 1817 Jane Champagné Countess Uxbridge (age 75) died.

On 09 Mar 1821 Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Edward Irby (age 37) died.

On 09 Mar 1821 Wilbrahim Tollemache 6th Earl Dysart (age 81) died. His sister Louisa Tollemache 7th Countess Dysart (age 75) succeeded 7th Countess Dysart. Baronet Talmash of Helmingham in Suffolk extinct. Her grandson William Manners aka Tollemache 1st Baronet (age 54) assumed the name Tollemache.

On 09 Mar 1823 Mary Vincent Countess Rosebery (age 70) died.

On 09 Mar 1824 Edward O'Brien (age 44) died at Rostellan, County Cork.

On 09 Mar 1855 Mary Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie died.

On 09 Mar 1855 Catherine Hamilton Noel (age 25) died.

On 09 Mar 1856 Thomas Liddell (age 55) died.

On 09 Mar 1857 James Duff 4th Earl Fife (age 80) died. His nephew James Duff 5th Earl Fife (age 42) succeeded 5th Earl Fife.

On 09 Mar 1858 Caroline Sophia Parnell died.

On 09 Mar 1879 Karl Franz Viktor Vonalten (age 78) died at Leipzig.

On 09 Mar 1881 Caroline Amalie Oldenburg Queen Norway (age 84) died.

On 09 Mar 1881 James Dundas of Dundas (age 88) died.

On 09 Mar 1891 Lucy Tracy Lee died from childbirth six days after the birth of her son Ralph Beckett 3rd Baron Grimthorpe.

On 09 Mar 1892 Frances Elizabeth Greenhow (age 70) died.

On 09 Mar 1893 William Twisden 9th Baronet (age 75) died. He was buried in Epsom Cemetery Grave A26A. He left a personal estate of £95. His son Roger John Twisden 10th Baronet (age 40) succeeded 10th Baronet Twisden of Bradbourne in Kent. He appears not to have used the title.

On 09 Mar 1898 Mary Louisa Lambton Countess Kincardine and Elgin (age 78) died.

On 09 Mar 1907 Frederick George Stephens (age 79) died.

On 09 Mar 1913 Herman Ernst Franz Bernhard Hohenlohe Langenburg Prince (age 80) died at Langenburg.

On 09 Mar 1916 Ronald Leveson-Gower (age 70) died.

On 09 Mar 1917 Reverend Anthony Aylmer Astley (age 66) died.

On 09 Mar 1918 George Sidney Meade Thomas 6th Baronet (age 71) died. His son George Thomas 7th Baronet (age 36) succeeded 7th Baronet Thomas of Yapton in Sussex.

On 09 Mar 1924 Frances Geraldine Fitzgerald Lady Glyn (age 80) died.

On 09 Mar 1925 Maud Augusta Louisa Duncombe (age 75) died.

On 09 Mar 1945 Eleanor Mabel Howard (age 72) died.

On 09 Mar 1954 Katharine Louisa Pakenham (age 85) died. She was buried at St Andrew's Church, Haughton-le-Skerne [Map].

On 09 Mar 1961 Lois Marjorie Legge (age 79) died.

On 09 Mar 1969 Barbara Paget (age 86) died.