On this Day in History ... 10 December

10 Dec is in December.

1290 Eleanor Crosses

1460 January Raid on Sandwich

1541 Catherine Howard Tyburn Executions

1962 London Premiere of Lawrence of Arabia

On 10 Dec 925 García I King Pamplona (age 6) was appointed I King Pamplona.

On 10 Dec 925 Sancho I King Pamplona (age 65) died.

Eleanor Crosses

On 10 Dec 1290 Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England (deceased) body rested at Woburn. Work on the cross here started in 1292 and was complete in ealy 1293.

On 10 Dec 1310 Stephen Wittelsbach I Duke Bavaria (age 39) died. His son Henry Wittelsbach XIV Duke Bavaria (age 5) succeeded XIV Duke Bavaria. His son Otto Wittelsbach IV Duke Lower Bavaria (age 3) succeeded IV Duke Lower Bavaria.

On 10 Dec 1362 Frederick Habsburg III Duke Austria (age 15) died. His brother Albert "With the Pigtail" Habsburg III Duke Austria (age 13) succeeded III Duke Austria.

On 10 Dec 1363 Elizabeth Burgh Duchess of Clarence (age 31) died at Dublin [Map]. She was buried at Clare Priory [Map].

1460 January Raid on Sandwich

Calendars. Membrane 27d. 10 Dec 1459. Coventry [Map]. Commission to Richard Wydevyle of Ryvers (age 54), knight, Thomas Broun, knight, and the mayor of Sandwich to take near Sandwich [Map] the muster of the men at arms and archers ordered to go on the safe keeping of the sea in the company of Gervase Clyfton (age 54), knight, and to certify the king thereof in Chancery. By K.

Commission to Thomas Kyryell (age 63), knight, John Cheyne, knight, Thomas Broun, knight, John Seyncler, esquire, and Richard Dalafeld, esquire, to take near Sandwich [Map] the muster of the men at arms and archers ordered to go on the safe-keeping of the sea in the company of Richard Wydevyle of Ryvers (age 54), knight, as above. By K.

Before 10 Dec 1472 John Mowbray 4th Duke of Norfolk (age 28) and Elizabeth Talbot Duchess Norfolk (age 30) were married. Elizabeth Talbot Duchess Norfolk by marriage Duchess Norfolk. She the daughter of John "Old Talbot" Talbot 1st Earl of Shrewsbury and Margaret Beauchamp Countess Shrewsbury and Waterford. He the son of John Mowbray 3rd Duke of Norfolk and Eleanor Bourchier Duchess Norfolk (age 55). They were fourth cousins. He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

On 10 Dec 1472 Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk was born to John Mowbray 4th Duke of Norfolk (age 28) and Elizabeth Talbot Duchess Norfolk (age 30) at Framlingham Castle [Map]. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 10 Dec 1481 Charles Valois Anjou IV Duke Anjou (age 35) died without issue. His first cousin Louis "Father of the People" XI King France (age 58) succeeded Duke Anjou.

On 10 Dec 1508 René Lorraine II Duke Lorraine Duke of Bar (age 57) died at Fains, Eure, Haute Normandie. His son Antoine Lorraine I Duke Lorraine (age 19) succeeded I Duke Lorraine.

Catherine Howard Tyburn Executions

On 10 Dec 1541. At Tyburn [Map] ....

Francis Dereham (age 28) was hanged, drawn and quartered. He was buried at St Sepulchre without Newgate Church.

Thomas Culpepper (age 27) was beheaded. He was buried at St Sepulchre without Newgate Church.

Before 10 Dec 1553 Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague (age 25) and Magdalen Dacre Viscountess Montague (age 15) were married. They were third cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.


Henry Machyn's Diary. 10 Dec 1558. The x day of Desember was browth do[wn from] her chambur in-to her chapel quen Mare (deceased), [with all the heralds,] and lordes and lades and gentyllmen and gentyllwomen, [hir] offesers and servands, all in blake, with (unfinished)

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Henry Machyn's Diary. 10 Dec 1560. The x day of Desember cam tydans to the quen('s) (age 27) grace and to the consell that the Frenche kyng (deceased) was ded-the yonge kyng.

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On 10 Dec 1604 David Barry 1st Earl Barrymore was born to David Barry and Elizabeth Power.

On 10 Dec 1644 George Ramsay 2nd Earl Dalhousie (age 22) and Anne Fleming Countess Dalhousie were married. She the daughter of John Fleming 2nd Earl Wigtown (age 55) and Margaret Livingston Countess Wigtown. He the son of William Ramsay 1st Earl Dalhousie and Margaret Carnegie Countess Dalhousie (age 45).

On 10 Dec 1646 Bishop George Coke (age 76) died. He was buried in Church of St Mary Magdalene, Eardisley [Map].

After 10 Dec 1646 a cenotaph to Bishop George Coke (deceased) was erected in his memory in the South East Transept of Hereford Cathedral [Map]. Effigy in Rochet, chimere, ruff and skull-cap, head on tasselled cushion, base and canopy modern.

On 10 Dec 1647 Philip Mainwaring (age 56) died. He was buried at St Lawrence's Church, Over Peover [Map].

In 1656 Ellen Minshull (age 61) died.

Philip Mainwaring: In 1591 he was born to Randulph Mainwaring of Over Peover (age 18) and Jane Smythe. Coefficient of inbreeding 1.64%. Before 07 Apr 1623 Philip Mainwaring (age 32) and Ellen Minshull (age 28) were married.

Ellen Minshull: In 1595 she was born to Edward Minshull of Stoke.

On 10 Dec 1650 Theophilus Hastings 7th Earl Huntingdon was born to Ferdinando Hastings 6th Earl Huntingdon (age 42) and Lucy Davies Countess Huntingdon (age 37).


On 10 Dec 1674 John Vaughan of Transgoed (age 71) died at Serjeants' Inn. He was buried at Temple Church, London [Map] on 22 Dec 1674. His marble monument was destroyed in WWII. Edward Stillingfleet (age 39) preached his funeral sermon. His son Edward Vaughan (age 39) inherited a Cardiganshire estate worth £1,200 each year.

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On 10 Dec 1692 William Mountfort (age 28) died. The previous day he had been stabbed accidentally in Howard Street Strand by Charles Mohun 4th Baron Mohun Okehampton (age 17) during a scuffle.

On 10 Dec 1709 Henry Howard 5th Earl Suffolk (age 82) died. His son Henry Howard 6th Earl Suffolk (age 39) succeeded 6th Earl Suffolk 4C 1603. Henrietta Somerset Countess Suffolk (age 40) by marriage Countess Suffolk.NOTEXT

Minutes of the Society of Antiquaries. 10 Dec 1718. Mr James Hill brought a vast Collection of Draawings, views, Inscriptions, Ground Plots, and Observations in manuscripts, the Fruits of his Travels this summer in the west of England, well worthy of his judgement and skill in Antiquity, Diligence and Accuracy for which he had the deserved thanks of the Society, to which he is so considerable an Ornament.

Minutes of the Society of Antiquaries. 10 Dec 1718. Mr Norroy (age 57) brought us an old deed of Isabella de Fortibus with a Seal, where her Arms are impaled with those of her husband very remarkably thus.

And Roger Gale (age 45) Esq brought an Inscription to be put upon the plate of Richard II with a very judicious disertation upon the date and painting of the same being in oil colours, for which he had the thanks of the Society.

On 10 Dec 1753 Henry Hyde 2nd Earl Rochester 4th Earl Clarendon (age 81) died without male issue. Earl Rochester 2C 1682 and Earl Clarendon 1C 1661 extinct.

On 10 Dec 1767 John Leslie 10th Earl Rothes (age 69) died at Leslie Castle. His son John Leslie 11th Earl Rothes (age 23) succeeded 11th Earl Rothes.

On 10 Dec 1768 the Royal Academy was founded through a personal act of King George III (age 30) "to establish a school or academy of design for the use of students in the arts" with an annual exhibition.

The founder members included:

Joshua Reynolds (age 45); President.

Angelica Kauffmann (age 27); one of two female founding members.

Nathaniel Dance-Holland (age 33)

Francis Cotes (age 42)

Thomas Gainsborough (age 41)

William Tyler (age 40)

William Hoare (age 61)

Johan Joseph Zoffany (age 35).

Archaeologia Volume 3 Section XXVI. An Account of an undescribed Roman Station [Melandra aka Ardotalia [Map]] in Derbyshire. By the Reverend Mr. Watson; in a Letter to the Reverend Mr. Norris, Secretary. Read at the Society of Antiquaries, Dec. 10, 1772.


On 10 Dec 1786 Henry Roper 11th Baron Teynham (age 53) died. His son Henry Roper 12th Baron Teynham (age 22) succeeded 12th Baron Teynham of Teynham in Kent.

On 10 Dec 1805 John Scott 2nd Earl Eldon was born to John Scott.

On 10 Dec 1814 Robert Charles Ellice (age 30) and Eliza Courtenay (age 22) were married. She the illegitmate daughter of Charles Grey 2nd Earl Grey (age 50) and Georgiana Spencer Duchess Devonshire. She the daughter of Charles Grey 2nd Earl Grey (age 50) and Georgiana Spencer Duchess Devonshire.

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On 10 Dec 1822 Charles Bennet 4th Earl Tankerville (age 79) died. His son Charles Augustus Bennet 5th Earl Tankerville (age 46) succeeded 5th Earl Tankerville 3C 1714, 6th Baron Ossulston of Ossulston in Middlesex. Corisande Armandine Sophie Léonie Hélène Gramont Countess Tankerville (age 40) by marriage Countess Tankerville.


On 10 Dec 1833 Edith Maud Rawdon-Hastings 10th Countess Loudon was born to George Augustus Francis Rawdon-Hastings 2nd Marquess Hastings (age 25) and Barbara Yelverton Marchioness Hastings (age 23).

On 10 Dec 1869 Louis Montagu 2nd Baron Swaythling was born to Montagu Samuel 1st Baron Swaythling (age 36) and Ellen Cohen.


On 10 Dec 1878 Antoine Alfred Agénor de Gramont 11th Duc de Gramont (age 27) and Marguerite de Rothschild Duchess Gramont (age 23) were married. Her father Mayer Carl Freiherr von Rothschild (age 58) disapproved; he disowned her. He the son of Agénor 10th Duc de Gramont (age 59).

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On 10 Dec 1886 Patrick Bellew 1st Baron Bellew (age 88) died. His son Edward Joseph Bellew 2nd Baron Bellew (age 56) succeeded 2nd Baron Bellew of Barmeath in Louth 2C 1848, 8th Baronet Bellew of Barmeath in Louth.

On 10 Dec 1899 Louisa Mary Berkeley 15th Baroness Berkeley (age 59) died. Her daughter Eva Mary FitzHardinge Milman 16th Baroness Berkeley (age 24) succeeded 16th Baroness Berkeley.

On 10 Dec 1903 Henry Edward Stanley 3rd Baron Stanley 2nd Baron Eddisbury (age 76) died. He was buried according to Muslim rites in unconsecrated ground in the garden of the Dower House on his family's estate, Alderley Park, Cheshire [Map]. His brother Edward Lyulph Stanley 4th Baron Stanley 3rd Baron Eddisbury (age 64) succeeded 4th Baron Stanley Alderley, 3rd Baron Eddisbury of Winnington in Cheshire, 10th Baronet Stanley of Alderley in Cheshire.

On 10 Dec 1938 William Frederick North 12th Baron North (age 78) died. His grandson John Dudley North 13th Baron North (age 21) succeeded 13th Baron North.

Before 10 Dec 1950 Algernon George de Vere Capell 8th Earl of Essex (age 66) and Alys Montgomery Falkiner Countess of Essex were divorced.

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On 10 Dec 1950 Algernon George de Vere Capell 8th Earl of Essex (age 66) and Zara Mildred Carlson Countess of Essex were married. She by marriage Countess Essex. He the son of George Capell 7th Earl of Essex and Ellenor Harriet Maria Harford.

London Premiere of Lawrence of Arabia

On 10 Dec 1962 Lawrence of Arabia received its premiere in London at the Odeon Cinema Leicester Square. The event was attended by Philip Mountbatten Duke Edinburgh (age 41) and Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom (age 36). Peter O'Toole, Omar Sharif, David Lean Director), Sam Spiegel (Producer) and Freddie Young (cameraman) attended. In the audience were Richard Burton and Elizabeth Taylor, Richard Attenborough, his wife and son. Noël Coward attended the after-party.