10 Jun is in June.
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 729. This year appeared the comet-star, and St. Egbert (age 90) died in Iona. This year also died the Oswald Aetheling; and Osric King Northumbria was slain, who was eleven winters king of Northumberland; to which kingdom Ceolwulf succeeded, and held it eight years. The said Ceolwulf was the son of Cutha, Cutha Northumbria of Cuthwin, Cuthwin Northumbria of Leodwald Northumbria, Leodwald of Egwald Northumbria, Egwald of Ealdhelm Northumbria, Ealdhelm of Occa Northumbria, Occa of Ida, Ida of Eoppa Bernicia. Archbishop Bertwald died this year on the ides of January. He was bishop thirty-seven winters, and six months, and fourteen days. The same year Tatwine (age 59), who was before a priest at Bredon in Mercia, was consecrated archbishop by Daniel Bishop of Winchester, Ingwald Bishop of London, Aldwin Bishop of Lichfield, and Aldulf Bishop of Rochester, on the tenth day of June. He enjoyed the archbishopric about three years.
On 10 Jun 1190 Frederick "Barbarossa" Hohenstaufen I Holy Roman Emperor (age 68) died. His son Henry Hohenstaufen VI Holy Roman Emperor (age 24) succeeded VI Holy Roman Emperor and King Italy.
On 10 Jun 1424 Ernest "The Iron" Habsburg I Duke Austria (age 47) died.
Before 10 Jun 1451 Richard West 7th Baron De La Warr 4th Baron West (age 20) and Katherine Hungerford Baroness De La Warr Baroness West were married. She by marriage Baroness De La Warr, Baroness West. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry III of England.
On 10 Jun 1540 Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex (age 55) attended a Meeting of the Privy Council where he was arrested. It isn't entirely clear why he was arrested but his role in the King's recent failed marriage to Anne of Cleves Queen Consort England (age 24) is likely to have played a part. Either Thomas Howard 3rd Duke of Norfolk (age 67) or William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl of Southampton (age 50) tore off Cromwell's (age 55) St George of the Order of the Garter; the source of this story unknown? He was imprisoned in the Tower of London [Map].NOTEXT
Letters and Papers 1540. After 10 Jun 1540. Burnet, iv. 415. 60. Not printed in the Statutes at Large. [c. 62]. Attainder of Thomas Crumwell, Earl of Essex (age 55), whom the King has raised from a very base and low degree to the state of an earl, and who nevertheless, as is proved by many "personages of great honor, worship, and discretion," has been the most detestable traitor that has been seen during the King's reign, and has of his own authority set at liberty divers persons convicted of misprision of treason and others apprehended upon suspicion of treason; and also has, for sums of money, granted licences for the export of money, corn, &c., contrary to the King's proclamations; and also has appointed commissioners in important affairs without the King's knowledge; and also "being a person of as poor and low degree as few be" within this realm, has said publicly, "That he was sure of you" (i.e. the King), and it is detestable that any subject should speak so of his sovereign; and also has give passports to divers persons to go over sea without search; and also, being a detestable heretic, has dispersed into all shires false and erroneous books, many of which were printed beyond seas, tending to the discredit of the blessed sacrament of the altar and other articles of religion declared by the King by the authority of Parliament, and has caused parts of the said books to be translated into English, and although the report made by the translator thereof has been that the matter was expressly against the sacrament of the altar, has, after reading the translation, affirmed the heresy so translated to be good; and also has obstinately maintained that every Christian may be a minister of the said sacrament as well as a priest; and also, being the King's vicegerent to reform errors and direct ecclesiastical causes, has, without the King's knowledge, licensed heretics to preach and teach, and has actually written to sheriffs in sundry shires, as if it were the King's pleasure, to set at large many false heretics; and also upon complaints being made to him of heretics, has defended the said heretics, and rebuked the credible persons, their accusers, &c.; and moreover, 31 March 30 Henry VIII., in the parish of St. Peter the Poor in London, upon information made to him against certain new preachers, as Robert Barnes and other, whereof part be now in the Tower for preaching against the King's proclamations, did arrogantly say in defence of their preaching, "That if the King would turn from it, yet I would not turn; and if the King did turn and all his people I would fight in the field in my own person with my sword in my hand against him and all other," and held up his dagger saying, "Or else this dagger thrust me to the heart if I would not die in that quarrel against them all; and I trust if I live one year or two it shall not lie in the King's power to resist or let it if he would," and affirming the words by a great oath, &c.; and moreover by bribery and extortion he obtained innumerable sums of money, and, being so enriched, has held the nobles of the Realm in great disdain, "and being put in remembrance of others of his estate which your Highness hath called him unto offending in like treasons," said, 31 Jan. 31 Henry VIII., in the parish of St. Martin in the Fields, Midd., "That if the lords would handle him so, that he would give them such a breakfast as never was made in England, and that the proudest of them should know." To suffer as a heretic or traitor, at the King's pleasure, and forfeit all property held since 31 March 30 Henry VIII. Saving clause excepting the deanery of Wells from forfeiture.
If the affair is mentioned, will follow her instructions in her letter of the 28th ult. Expects to be summoned before the King (age 49) two days hence. Is vexed at not having received the copy of her answer to the King, referred to in his despatch of 26 May. The news since that date is that on the 27th three of the chief conspirators in the North - an abbot and two gentlemen - were hung and quartered. About the same time took place the lamentable execution of the countess of Salisbury (deceased) at the Tower [Map] in presence of the Lord Mayor and about 150 persons. When informed of her sentence she found it very strange, not knowing her crime; but she walked to the space in front of the Tower, where there was no scaffold but only a small block. She there commended her soul to God, and desired those present to pray for the King, Queen, Prince, and Princess. The ordinary executioner being absent, a blundering "garçonneau" was chosen, who hacked her head and shoulders to pieces. A most virtuous lady nearly 90 years of age. When her death was resolved on her nephew (grandson) (age 21), the son of lord Montague, who had been allowed occasionally to go about within the Tower, was more strictly guarded. It is to be supposed he will soon follow his father and grandmother. London, 10 June 1541. Original at Vienna.
Henry Machyn's Diary. 10 Jun 1557. The x day of Junij the Kyng (age 30) and the Quen (age 41) toke ther jorney toward Hamtun [Map] courte for to hunt and to kyll a grett hartt, with serten of the consell; and so the howswold tared at the Whytthalle, tylle the Saterday folowhyng they cam a-gayne to Whytthalle.
Henry Machyn's Diary. 10 Jun 1561. [The x day of July the Queen (age 27) came by water] unto the Towre of London [Map] by x [of the clock, until] v at nyght, and whent and sa(w) all her my[nts; and they gave the] Quen serten pesses of gold, and gayff the [lord] of Hunsdon (age 35) had on, and my lord marques of [Northampton,] (age 49) and her grace whent owt of the yron gatt [over] Towre hyll [Map] unto Algatt chyrche, and so down Hondyche [Map] [to the] Spyttyll, and so downe Hoge lane, and so over the feldes to the Charter howse my lord North('s) (age 65) plase, with trumpetes and the penssyonars and the haroldes of armes and the servantes, and then cam gentyllmen rydyng, and after lordes, and then [the] lord of Hunsdon (age 35) and bare the sword a-for the quen, and then cam [ladies] rydyng; and the feldes full of pepull, gret nombur [as ever was] sene; and ther tared tylle Monday.
On 10 Jun 1632 Jerome Weston 2nd Earl of Portland (age 26) and Frances Stewart Countess Portland (age 15) were married. She the daughter of Esmé Stewart 3rd Duke Lennox and Katherine Clifton Duchess Lennox (age 40). He the son of Richard Weston 1st Earl of Portland (age 55) and Frances Waldegrave Countess Portland (age 55).
Evelyn's Diary. 10 Jun 1640. London, and especially the Court, were at this period in frequent disorders, and great insolences were committed by the abused and too happy City: in particular, the Bishop of Canterbury's (age 66) Palace [Map] at Lambeth was assaulted by a rude rabble from Southwark, Surrey [Map], my Lord Chamberlain (age 55) imprisoned and many scandalous libels and invectives scattered about the streets, to the reproach of Government, and the fermentation of our since distractions: so that, upon the 25th of June, I was sent for to Wotton, Surrey [Map], and the 27th after, my father's (age 53) indisposition augmenting, by advice of the physicians he repaired to the Bath [Map].
Pepy's Diary. 10 Jun 1661. Early to my Lord's, who privately told me how the King had made him Embassador in the bringing over the Queen (age 22)1. That he is to go to Algier, &c., to settle the business, and to put the fleet in order there; and so to come back to Lisbone with three ships, and there to meet the fleet that is to follow him. He sent for me, to tell me that he do intrust me with the seeing of all things done in his absence as to this great preparation, as I shall receive orders from my Lord Chancellor (age 52) and Mr. Edward Montagu. At all which my heart is above measure glad; for my Lord's honour, and some profit to myself, I hope.
Note 1. Katherine of Braganza (age 22), daughter of John IV. of Portugal, born 1638, married to Charles II, May 21st, 1662. After the death of the king she lived for some time at Somerset House [Map], and then returned to Portugal, of which country she became Regent in 1704 on the retirement of her brother Don Pedro. She died December 31st, 1705.
Evelyn's Diary. 08 Jun 1665. Came news of his highness's (age 35) victory, which indeed might have been a complete one, and at once ended the war, had it been pursued, but the cowardice of some, or treachery, or both, frustrated that. We had, however, bonfires, bells, and rejoicing in the city. Next day, the 9th, I had instant orders to repair to the Downs, so as I got to Rochester [Map] this evening. Next day I lay at Deal [Map], where I found all in readiness: but, the fleet being hindered by contrary winds, I came away on the 12th, and went to Dover [Map], and returned to Deal [Map]; and on the 13th, hearing the fleet was at Solbay, I went homeward, and lay at Chatham [Map], and on the 14th, I got home. On the 15th, came the eldest son of the present Secretary of State to the French King, with much other company, to dine with me. After dinner, I went with him to London, to speak to my Lord General for more guards, and gave his Majesty (age 35) an account of my journey to the coasts under my inspection. I also waited on his Royal Highness (age 31), now come triumphant from the fleet, gotten into repair. See the whole history of this conflict in my "History of the Dutch War"..
Pepy's Diary. 10 Jun 1665. In the evening home to supper; and there, to my great trouble, hear that the plague is come into the City (though it hath these three or four weeks since its beginning been wholly out of the City); but where should it begin but in my good friend and neighbour's, Dr. Burnett, in Fanchurch Street [Map]: which in both points troubles me mightily.
Pepy's Diary. 10 Jun 1667. Up; and news brought us that, the Dutch are come up as high as the Nore; and more pressing orders for fireships. W. Batten (age 66), W. Pen (age 46), and I to St. James's; where the Duke of York (age 33) gone this morning betimes, to send away some men down to Chatham [Map].
On 10 Jun 1757 Henry John Temple 1st Viscount Palmerston (age 84) died. His grandson Henry Temple 2nd Viscount Palmerston (age 17) succeeded 2nd Viscount Palmerston of Palmerston in County Dublin.
On 10 Jun 1766 Cornwallis Maude 1st Viscount Hawarden (age 36) and Mary Allen were married.
On 10 Jun 1770 George Cholmondeley 3rd Earl Cholmondeley (age 67) died. His grandson George Cholmondeley 1st Marquess Cholmondeley (age 21) succeeded 4th Earl Cholmondeley in Cheshire, 5th Viscount Cholmondeley of Kells in County Meath, 4th Viscount Malpas in Cheshire, 4th Baron Cholmondeley Nampwich in Cheshire, 3rd Baron Newburgh of Newburgh in Anglesey, 3rd Baron Newborough of Newborough in County Wexford 1C 1715.
On 10 Jun 1830 Anthony Ashley-Cooper 7th Earl Shaftesbury (age 29) and Emily Caroline Catherine Frances Cowper Countess Shaftesbury were married. She the daughter of Peter Nassau Clavering-Cowper 5th Earl Cowper (age 52) and Emily Lamb Countess Cowper (age 43). He the son of Cropley Ashley-Cooper 6th Earl Shaftesbury (age 61) and Anne Spencer-Churchill Countess Shaftesbury (age 57).
On 10 Jun 1846 George Spencer-Churchill 6th Duke Marlborough (age 52) and Charlotte Augusta Flower Duchess Marlborough (age 28) were married. She by marriage Duchess Marlborough. The difference in their ages was 24 years. He the son of George Spencer-Churchill 5th Duke Marlborough and Susan Stewart Duchess Marlborough.
On 10 Jun 1851 John James Robert Manners 7th Duke Rutland (age 32) and Catherine Louise Georgina Marlay (age 20) were married at All Souls Church Langham Place Marylebone. He the son of John Henry Manners 5th Duke Rutland (age 73) and Elizabeth Howard Duchess Rutland.NOTEXT
On 10 Jun 1854 Robert Stewart 2nd Earl Castle Stewart (age 69) died.
On 10 Jun 1862 Lieutenant-General Arthur Cavendish Bentinck (age 43) and Augusta Mary Elizabeth Browne 1st Baroness Bolsover (age 27) were married.
On 10 Jun 1866 John Douglas-Scott-Montagu 2nd Baron Montagu of Beaulieu was born to Henry John Montagu-Douglas-Scott 1st Baron Montagu Beaulieu (age 30) and Cecily Susan Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie Baroness Montagu.
On 10 Jun 1906 Harry Chichester 2nd Baron Templemore (age 84) died. His son Arthur Henry Chichester Chichester 3rd Baron Templemore (age 52) succeeded 3rd Baron Templemore of Templemore in Donegal. Alice Elizabeth Dawkins Baroness Templemore by marriage Baroness Templemore of Templemore in Donegal.
On 10 Jun 1933 Gervase Disney Alexander 15th Baron Cobham (age 53) died. Baron Cobham 1C 1313 abeyant.
On 10 Jun 1974 Henry Windsor 1st Duke Gloucester (age 74) died. His son Richard Alexander Walter Windsor 2nd Duke Gloucester (age 29) succeeded 2nd Duke Gloucester 5C 1928.
On 10 Jun 1975 Frederick Smith 2nd Earl of Birkenhead (age 67) died. His son Frederick Smith 3rd Earl of Birkenhead (age 39) succeeded 3rd Earl Birkenhead, 3rd Viscount Furneaux of Charlton in Northamptonshire, 3rd Viscount Birkenhead of Birkenhead in Cheshire, 3rd Baron Birkenhead of Birkenhead in Cheshire, 3rd Baronet Smith of Hillbrook.
On 10 Jun 1991 Jestyn Reginald Austin Plantagenet Philipps 2nd Viscount St Davids (age 74) died. His son Colwyn Philipps 3rd Viscount St Davids (age 52) succeeded 3rd Viscount St Davids of Lydstep Haven Pembrokeshire, 16th Baron Strange Knockin 2C 1299, 24th Baron Hungerford 1C 1426, 22nd Baron Moleyns 1C 1445, 15th Baronet Philips of Picton Castle.