On this Day in History ... 10 March

10 Mar is in March.

1536 Anne Boleyn's Miscarriage

1661 Charles II Continues to Reward those who Supported His Restoration

1682 Murder of Tom of Ten Thousand Thynne

1863 Marriage of the future King Edward VII and Alexandra

On 10 Mar 1040 Odo Duke Gascony and Aquitaine (age 30) died. His brother William VII Duke Aquitaine (age 17) succeeded VII Duke Aquitaine.

On 10 Mar 1335 Richard Grey 2nd Baron Grey of Codnor (age 53) died at Codnor [Map]. His son John Grey 3rd Baron Grey of Codnor (age 30) succeeded 3rd Baron Grey of Codnor 1299.

On 10 Mar 1340 Henry Beaumont Earl Buchan (age 61) died at Buchan. His son John Beaumont 2nd Baron Beaumont (age 22) succeeded 2nd Baron Beaumont. Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel and Surrey (age 21) by marriage Baroness Beaumont.

On 10 Mar 1396 John Sutton 3rd Baron Sutton (age 34) died at Coleshill. His son John Sutton 4th Baron Sutton (age 16) succeeded 4th Baron Sutton of Dudley.

On 10 Mar 1452 Ferdinand II King Aragon was born to John II King Aragon (age 53) and Juana Enríquez Queen Consort Aragon (age 27).

On 10 Mar 1513 John de Vere 13th Earl of Oxford (age 70) died at Hedingham Castle [Map]. He was buried at Colne Priory [Map]. His nephew John de Vere 14th Earl of Oxford (age 13) succeeded 14th Earl of Oxford 2C 1141.

On 10 Mar 1526 Charles V Holy Roman Emperor (age 26) and Isabel Aviz Queen Consort Spain (age 22) were married. She the daughter of Manuel "Fortunate" I King Portugal and Maria Trastámara Queen Consort Portugal. He the son of Philip "Handsome Fair" King Castile and Joanna "The Mad" Trastámara Queen Castile (age 47). They were first cousins. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.


Anne Boleyn's Miscarriage

Letters 1536. 10 Mar 1536. Add. MS. 8715, f. 220 b. B. M. 450. Bishop of Faenza (age 36) to the Prothonotary Ambrogio.

Reports a conversation he has had today with Francis, showing the imminence of war and the forces going to Piedmont under the Admiral. Francis said, among other things, that the duke of Gueldres was ready to make war on the Emperor, even if he (Francis) did not help him, having discovered that his Majesty wished to deprive him of two fortresses (terre), on which account he has beheaded some persons; that Henry will pay the third of the expense of the war outside this kingdom, and half in its defence, if need be, even though at present he seems to stand aloof, because he thinks that here they are too devoted to the Church; but Henry (quello) only desires the war to begin. He has become extremely avaricious, and and has gained so much profit from the Church that the French king has not much hope of bringing him back. This he said in answer to a remark of the Bishop's, made as of himself, according to the Prothonotary's orders. Francis said also that they are committing more follies than ever in England, and are saying and printing all the ill they can against the Pope and the Church; that "that woman (age 35)" pretended to have miscarried of a son, not being really with child, and, to keep up the deceit, would allow no one to attend on her but her sister (age 37), whom the French king knew here in France "per una grandissima ribalda et infame sopre tutte1." The king of England is infinitely displeased at the conclusion of the marriage with the king of Scotland, to whom Francis has given some artillery in certain castles held by the duke of Albany in an island there, but garrisoned at the expense of France. Ital., pp. 7. Modern copy. Headed: Al Signor Prothonotario Ambrogio, Da Monte Plaisant, li 10 Marzo.

Note 1. "a great prostitute and infamous above all".


On 10 Mar 1538 Philip Hoby (age 33) arrived in Brussels with Hans Holbein The Younger (age 41) having been sent by Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex (age 53) to procure a portrait of Christina Oldenburg Duchess Lorraine (age 16). King Henry VIII of England and Ireland (age 46) received the protrait on 18 Mar 1538 and was reported to have been pleased.

On 10 Mar 1540 Thomas Jermyn (age 58) was knighted by Henry VIII (age 48).


Henry Machyn's Diary. 10 Mar 1558. The x day of Marche the Quen('s) (age 42) grace removyd unto Grenwyche [Map], in lentt, for to kepe ester.

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On 10 Feb 1561 John Bourchier 2nd Earl Bath (age 62) died. He was buried on 10 Mar 1561 at the Church of St John Lateran, Hengrave. His grandson William Bourchier 3rd Earl Bath (age 3) succeeded 3rd Earl Bath 2C 1536, 13th Baron Fitzwarin.

On 10 Mar 1572 William Paulet 1st Marquess Winchester (age 89) died. On His son John Paulet 2nd Marquess Winchester (age 62) succeeded 2nd Marquess Winchester, 2nd Earl Wiltshire, 2nd Baron St John 1C 1539. Winifred Brydges Marchioness Winchester by marriage Marchioness Winchester.


Around 10 Mar 1592 William Hay 6th Lord Hay (age 31) died. His nephew John Hay 1st Earl Tweeddale succeeded 7th Lord Hay of Yester.

On 10 Mar 1629 Katherine Knyvet (age 50) died. Monument in St Margaret's Church Paston [Map] sculpted by Nicholas Stone (age 42). His diary ... made a tomb for my lady Paston ... veryy extraordinary entertained, and pay'd for it £340. The inscription is by John Donne (age 57): To the Reviving Memory of the virtuous and right worth Lady, Dame Katherine Paston, daughter unto the Right Worp'll Sir Thomas Knevitt, Knt., and wife to Sir Edmund Paston, Knight with whom she lived in wedlock 26 years and issue two sonnes yet surviving, vizt. William and Thomas, She departed this life the 10th day of March, 1628, and lyeth here intombed expecting a Joyful Resurrection.

On the pedestal ...

Can a man be silent and not Praise find.

For her that lived the praise of womankind.

Whose outward frame was sent this world to gess.

What shapes our soules shall weare in happiness.

Whose verture did all ill so overswaye.

That her whole life was a communion daye.

On another panel ...

Not that she needeth monument of stone.

For her wel-gotten fame to rest upon.

But this was reared to testifie.

Katherine Knyvet: On or before 22 Jun 1578 she was born to Thomas Knyvet 4th Baron Berners (age 39) and Muriel Parry (age 30). On 22 Jun 1578 she was baptised at Ashwellthorpe. On 28 Apr 1603 Edmund Paston (age 18) and Katherine Knyvet (age 24) were married. In 1611 Edmund Paston (age 26) and Katherine Knyvet (age 32) moved into Paston Hall on the death of his grandfather Christopher Paston (age 53).

Before 10 Mar 1635 Basil Feilding 2nd Earl Denbigh (age 27) and Anne Weston were married. She the daughter of Richard Weston 1st Earl of Portland (age 58) and Frances Waldegrave Countess Portland (age 58). He the son of William Feilding 1st Earl Denbigh (age 48) and Susan Villiers Countess Denbigh (age 52).

1661 Charles II Continues to Reward those who Supported His Restoration

In early 1661 King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 30) rewarded of further tranche of those who supported his Restoration ...

On 02 Jan 1661 Henry Bedingfield 1st Baronet (age 46) was created 1st Baronet Bedingfield of Oxburgh in Norfolk.

On 10 Jan 1661 Andrew Rutherford 1st Earl Teviot was created 1st Baron Rutherford 1C 1661 with special remainder to his heirs and assignees whatsoever, and that under what provisions, restrictions, and conditions the said Lord Rutherford should think fit.

On 23 Jan 1661 John Cole 1st Baronet (age 41) was created Baronet Cole of Newland.

On 23 Feb 1661 Edward Smythe 1st Baronet (age 41) was created 1st Baronet Smythe.

On 04 Mar 1661 Compton Reade 1st Baronet (age 36) was created 1st Baronet Reade of Barton in Berkshire. Mary Cornwall Lady Reade (age 31) by marriage Lady Reade of Barton in Berkshire.

On 10 Mar 1661 Brian Broughton 1st Baronet (age 42) was created 1st Baronet Broughton of Broughton in Staffordshire.

On 20 Mar 1661 Thomas Rich 1st Baronet (age 60) was created 1st Baronet Rich of Sonning in Berkshire.

On 29 Mar 1661 Robert Cholmondeley 1st Viscount Cholmondeley (age 21) was created 1st Viscount Cholmondeley of Kells in County Meath.

On 30 Mar 1661 James Butler 1st Duke Ormonde (age 50) was created 1st Duke Ormonde by King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 30). Elizabeth Preston Duchess Ormonde (age 45) by marriage Duchess Ormonde.

On 30 Mar 1661 John Fettiplace 1st Baronet (age 35) was created 1st Baronet Fettiplace of Childrey in Berkshire. Anne Wenman Lady Fettiplace (age 31) by marriage Lady Fettiplace of Childrey in Berkshire.

Murder of Tom of Ten Thousand Thynne

Evelyn's Diary. 10 Mar 1682. This day was executed Colonel Vrats, and some of his accomplices, for the execrable murder of Mr. Thynn (deceased), set on by the principal Koningsmark (age 22). He went to execution like an undaunted hero, as one that had done a friendly office for that base coward, Count Koningsmark (age 22), who had hopes to marry his widow, the rich Baroness Ogle (age 15), and was acquitted by a corrupt jury, and so got away. Vrats told a friend of mine who accompanied him to the gallows, and gave him some advice that he did not value dying of a rush, and hoped and believed God would deal with him like a gentleman. Never man went, so unconcerned for his sad fate.

On 10 Mar 1682 William Hesse-Kassel was born to Charles I Landgrave Hesse-Kassel (age 27) and Maria Amalia of Courland Landgravine Hesse-Kassel (age 28). Coefficient of inbreeding 6.66%.

Evelyn's Diary. 10 Mar 1687. His Majesty (age 53) sent for the Commissioners of the Privy Seal this morning into his bedchamber, and told us that though he had thought fit to dispose of the Seal into a single hand, yet he would so provide for us, as it should appear how well he accepted our faithful and loyal service with many gracious expressions to this effect; upon which we delivered the Seal into his hands. It was by all the world both hoped and expected, that he would have restored it to my Lord Clarendon; but they were astonished to see it given to Lord Arundel, of Wardour (age 79), a zealous Roman Catholic. Indeed it was very hard, and looked very unkindly, his Majesty (age 53) (as my Lord Clarendon protested to me, on my going to visit him and long discoursing with him about the affairs of Ireland) finding not the least failure of duty in him during his government of that kingdom, so that his recall plainly appeared to be from the stronger influence of the Papists, who now got all the preferments.

Evelyn's Diary. 10 Mar 1687. Most of the great officers, both in the Court and country, Lords and others, were dismissed, as they would not promise his Majesty their consent to the repeal of the test and penal statutes against Popish Recusants. To this end, most of the Parliament men were spoken to in his Majesty's closet, and such as refused, if in any place of office or trust, civil or military, were put out of their employments. This was a time of great trial; but hardly one of them assented, which put the Popish interest much backward. The English clergy everywhere preached boldly against their superstition and errors, and were wonderfully followed by the people. Not one considerable proselyte was made in all this time. The party were exceedingly put to the worst by the preaching and writing of the Protestants in many excellent treatises, evincing the doctrine and discipline of the reformed religion, to the manifest disadvantage of their adversaries. To this did not a little contribute the sermon preached at Whitehall before the Princess of Denmark (age 22) and a great crowd of people, and at least thirty of the greatest nobility, by Dr. Ken, Bishop of Bath and Wells (age 49), on John viii. 46 (the Gospel of the day), describing through his whole discourse the blasphemies, perfidy, wresting of Scripture, preference of tradition before it, spirit of persecution, superstition, legends, and fables of the Scribes and Pharisees, so that all the auditory understood his meaning of a parallel between them and the Romish priests, and their new Trent religion. He exhorted his audience to adhere to the written Word, and to persevere in the Faith taught in the Church of England, whose doctrine for Catholic and soundness he preferred to all the communities and churches of Christians in the world; concluding with a kind of prophecy, that whatever it suffered, it should after a short trial emerge to the confusion of her adversaries and the glory of God.


On 10 Mar 1691 Charles Granville 2nd Earl Bath (age 29) and Isabella van Nassau (age 23) were married. He the son of John Granville 1st Earl Bath (age 62) and Jane Wyche.

Evelyn's Diary. 10 Mar 1694. Mr. Stringfellow preached at Trinity parish, being restored to that place, after the contest between the Queen (age 31) and the Bishop of London (age 62) who had displaced him.


Evelyn's Diary. 10 Mar 1695. I dined at the Earl of Sunderland's (age 53) with Lord Spencer (age 19). My Lord showed me his library, now again improved by many books bought at the sale of Sir Charles Scarborough, an eminent physician, which was the very best collection, especially of mathematical books, that was I believe in Europe, once designed for the King's Library at St. James's; but the Queen dying, who was the great patroness of that design, it was let fall, and the books were miserably dissipated.


On 10 Mar 1736 Colonel William Cosby (age 46) died of tuberculosis between 1 and 2 pm, in the Governor's House at Fort George, New York, today's Battery Park, New York City. He was initially buried in a vault at Fort George's chapel. But in 1788, his remains were moved to an unmarked grave at St Paul Church's Cemetery, New York, together with the remains of the Earl of Bellomont, who served as New York governor between 1698 and 1701.

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On 10 Mar 1772 Duke Frederick III of Saxe Coburg Altenburg III (age 72) died at Gotha. His son Duke Ernest of Saxe Coburg Altenburg (age 27) succeeded Augus Duke Saxe Gotha Altenburg.

On 10 Mar 1774 William Browne (age 82) died. Church of St Mary Hillington [Map]. Large mural marble tablet with plain open pilasters open pediment and relief rondal. Inscribed Sir W B Archit. Roundel sculpted by Joseph Wilton (age 51). Armorial quartered 1&4 Unknown three leopard's faces jessant de lys 2&3 appears to be Temple Arms includes an escutcheon for his wife Mary Greene.

William Browne: In 1692 he was born. On 24 Aug 1717 William Browne (age 25) and Mary Greene (age 17) were married.

Mary Greene: On 29 Sep 1699 she was born to Charles Greene Apothecary.

On 10 Mar 1792 John Stuart 3rd Earl Bute (age 78) died. His son John Stuart 1st Marquess Bute (age 47) succeeded 4th Earl Bute. Charlotte Jane Windsor Marchioness Bute (age 46) by marriage Countess Bute.

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On 10 Mar 1792 John Perceval 4th Earl Egmont (age 24) and Bridget Wynn Countess Egmont were married at St George's Church, Hanover Square. He the son of John Perceval 3rd Earl Egmont (age 54) and Isabella Powlett Countess Egmont. He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 10 Mar 1797 Henry Thomas Liddell 1st Earl Ravensworth was born to Thomas Liddell 1st Baron Ravensworth (age 22) and Maria Susannah Simpson Baroness Calthorpe (age 24).

After 10 Mar 1807. Wall memorial to Reverend William Augustus Irby (deceased) at St Nicholas Church, Whiston [Map].

Reverend William Augustus Irby: Around 1781 he was born to Frederick Irby 2nd Baron Boston (age 31) and Christian Methuen. On 10 Mar 1807 Reverend William Augustus Irby (age 26) died.

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On 10 Mar 1829 Henry Peyto Verney 24th Baron Latimer 16th Baron Willoughby (age 55) and Margaret Williams (age 30) were married at St Asaph Cathedral. The difference in their ages was 25 years.

On 10 Mar 1851 Henry William Parnell 3rd Baron Congleton (age 41) and Caroline Margaret Dawson were married. They were first cousins.

Marriage of the future King Edward VII and Alexandra

PAINTINGS/FRITH/Edward_VII.jpg10 Mar 1863. William Powell Frith (age 44). Marriage of the future King Edward VII and Alexandra. The artist has depicted the moment when the Prince (age 21) is about to place the ring on the Princess' (age 18) finger. The two little boys dressed in tartan are Prince Leopold (age 9) and Prince Arthur (age 12), Queen Victoria's youngest sons. At the top right of the painting the Queen (age 43) herself looks down on the ceremony.

On 10 Mar 1863 King Edward VII of the United Kingdom (age 21) and Alexandra Glücksburg Queen Consort England (age 18) were married at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle [Map]. She the daughter of King Christian IX of Denmark (age 44) and Queen Louise Hesse-Kassel of Denmark (age 45). He the son of Prince Albert Saxe Coburg Gotha and Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom (age 43). They were third cousin once removed. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.


After 10 Mar 1900 Henry Bourchier Toke Wrey 10th Baronet (age 70) was buried at St Peter's Church, Tawstock [Map]. Inscription: In loving memory of Sir Henry Bourchier Toke Wrey, D.L. 10th Baronet, of Tawstock Court, Born June 27th 1829, Died March 10th 1900. Married the Honble Marianne Sarah, Only child of Philip Castel, 9th Lord Sherard, of Clatton Hall, Peterborough.

Henry Bourchier Toke Wrey 10th Baronet: On 27 Jun 1829 he was born to Henry Bourchier Wrey 9th Baronet (age 32) and Ellen Maria Toke (age 28). Coefficient of inbreeding 6.45%. On 06 Sep 1854 Henry Bourchier Toke Wrey 10th Baronet (age 25) and Marianne Sarah Sherard Lady Wrey (age 19) were married at Sidmouth. On 23 Dec 1882 Henry Bourchier Wrey 9th Baronet (age 85) died. His son Henry Bourchier Toke Wrey 10th Baronet (age 53) succeeded 10th Baronet Wrey of Trebitch in Cornwall. On 10 Mar 1900 Henry Bourchier Toke Wrey 10th Baronet (age 70) died at Ventnor, Isle of Wight. His son Robert Bourchier Sherard Wrey 11th Baronet (age 44) succeeded 11th Baronet Wrey of Trebitch in Cornwall.

Marianne Sarah Sherard Lady Wrey: On 04 Apr 1835 she was born to Henry or Philip Sherard 9th Baron Sherard (age 31). On 16 Feb 1896 Marianne Sarah Sherard Lady Wrey (age 60) died.

George Sholto Douglas Pennant 2nd Baron Penrhyn: On 30 Sep 1836 he was born to Edward Gordon Douglas Pennant 1st Baron Penrhyn (age 36) and Juliana Isabella Mary Dawkins-Pennant (age 28). In 1860 George Sholto Douglas Pennant 2nd Baron Penrhyn (age 23) and Pamela Blanche Rushout (age 20) were married. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland. On 31 Mar 1886 Edward Gordon Douglas Pennant 1st Baron Penrhyn (age 85) died. His son George Sholto Douglas Pennant 2nd Baron Penrhyn (age 49) succeeded 2nd Baron Penrhyn of Llandegai in Carnarvonshire.

Edward Sholto Douglas Pennant 3rd Baron Penrhyn: On 10 Jun 1864 he was born to George Sholto Douglas Pennant 2nd Baron Penrhyn (age 27) and Pamela Blanche Rushout (age 25). In 1887 Edward Sholto Douglas Pennant 3rd Baron Penrhyn (age 22) and Blanche Georgiana Fitzroy Baroness Penrhyn were married. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland. On 22 Aug 1927 Edward Sholto Douglas Pennant 3rd Baron Penrhyn (age 63) died. His son Hugh Napier Douglas-Pennant 4th Baron Penrhyn (age 33) succeeded 4th Baron Penrhyn of Llandegai in Carnarvonshire. Sybil Mary Hardinge Countess Fortescue (age 28) by marriage Baroness Penrhyn of Llandegai in Carnarvonshire.

Blanche Georgiana Fitzroy Baroness Penrhyn: She was born to Charles Fitzroy 3rd Baron Southampton and Ismania Katharine Nugent Baroness Southampton. In Nov 1944 she died.


On 10 Mar 1973 Evelyn Baring 1st Baron Howick (age 69) died. His son Charles Evelyn Baring 2nd Baron Howick (age 35) succeeded 2nd Baron Howick of Glendale.