On this Day in History ... 11 June

11 Jun is in June.

1381 Peasants' Revolt

1429 Battle of Jargeau

1430 Birth of Edmund Tudor

1467 Tournament Bastard of Burgundy

1469 Amnesty

1488 Battle of Sauchieburn

1509 Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

1509 Marriage of King Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

1528 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

1535 Execution of Anne Boleyn and her Co-accused

1535 Execution of the Carthusians

1540 Arrest and Attainder of Thomas Cromwell

1660 June Creation of Baronets

On 11 Jun 1279 Robert Ufford 1st Baron Ufford was born.

Peasants' Revolt

On 11 Jun 1393 Jean Bourbon I Count La Marche (age 49) died. His son James Bourbon Count Le Marche (age 23) succeeded Coun La Marche. His son Louis Bourbon 1st Count Vendôme 1st Count Castres (age 17) succeeded 1st Count Vendôme.

On 11 Jun 1403 John Valois IV Duke Brabant was born to Anthony Valois Duke Brabant (age 18) and Jeanne Luxemburg Duchess Brabant. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

On 11 Jun 1411 Frederick "Empty Pockets" Habsburg 4th Duke Austria (age 29) and Anna of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Duchess Austria were married. She by marriage Duchess Austria. She the daughter of Frederick I Duke Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. He the son of Leopold "The Just" Habsburg III Duke Austria and Viridis Visconti Duchess Austria (age 59).

On 11 Jun 1420 John Hohenzollern Burgrave Nuremburg (age 51) died.

Battle of Jargeau

On 11 Jun 1429 Joan of Arc (age 17) and Jean Poton Xaintrailles (age 39) fought at Jargeau, Loiret during the Battle of Jargeau. Alexander Pole was killed. William "Jackanapes" de la Pole 1st Duke of Suffolk (age 32) surrendered.


Birth of Edmund Tudor

On 11 Jun 1430 Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond was born to Owen Tudor (age 30) and Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England (age 28) at Much Hadham Palace Much Hadham (which belonged to the Bishops of London). There is speculation that the biological father was Edmund Beaufort 1st or 2nd Duke Somerset (age 24) with whom Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England (age 28) was rumoured to have had an affair. Interesting, perhaps, that he was named Edmund rather than Owen. Interesting that he took the Royal Arms of England differenced. Also interesting that his younger brother was named Jasper; a Persian name meaning 'Keeper of the Treasure'.

On 11 Jun 1456 Charles Valois I Count Nevers (age 42) and Marie Albret Countess Nevers were married. He the son of Philip Valois II Count Nevers and Bonne Artois Duchess Burgundy. They were second cousins. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

Tournament Bastard of Burgundy

On 11 Jun 1467 the fighting on horseback took place witnessed by King Edward IV of England (age 25). John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl of Worcester (age 40) was Master of the Ceremonies accompanied by John Howard 1st Duke of Norfolk (age 42). The day ended with the Bastard's (age 46) horse having being accidentally fatally injured by Lord Scales' (age 11) saddle.


On 11 Jun 1469 an Amnesty was declared excepting Humphrey Neville of Brancepeth (age 30).

Battle of Sauchieburn

On 11 Jun 1488 King James III of Scotland (age 36) was killed in action or attempting to escape, at the Battle of Sauchieburn. His son King James IV of Scotland (age 15) succeeded IV King Scotland.

Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

Letters and Papers 1509. 11 Jun 1509. 43. The Coronation. Commission to Thomas Earl of Surrey (age 66), High Treasurer, George Earl of Shrewsbury (age 41), Steward of the Household, Sir John Fyneux (age 68), Chief Justice of the King's Bench, and Sir Th. Inglefield, to hear, in the White Hall within Westminster Palace, petitions of the King's tenants and others claiming to perform special services at the approaching coronation. Del. Westm., 11 June, 1 Henry VIII. S.B. (countersigned: Ri. Wynton, C. Somerset, Thomas Lovell.) [164.]NOTEXT

Letters and Papers 1509. 11 Jun 1509 and 23 Jun 1509. Tib. E. VIII. f. 100b. B.M. 81. Preparations For The Coronation.

A "device for the manner and order of the Coronation" of Henry VIII, "rightful and undoubted inheritor of the crowns of England and of France," by the whole consent of the realm chosen and required to be King, and also of the Princess Catharine daughter of Spain and Aragonne, his wife, Queen of England and of France, to be solemnised at Westminster, on Sunday, 24 June, 1509.

The King has proclaimed that all who claim to do services on Coronation day shall be in the White Hall at Westminster Palace, 20 June next, and has authorised the Earl of Surrey (age 66), Treasurer of England, the Earl of Oxford (age 9), Sir John Fyneux, Chief Judge, Sir Thomas Englefeld, and others to determine claims. He has ordered 26 honorable persons to repair to the Tower of London on 22 June, to serve him at dinner, where those who are to be made knights shall bear dishes "in token that that they shall never bear none after that day"; and on 23 June, at the Tower, they are to be made Knights of the Bath; "whose names follow in order as they were made," viz., Richard (sic) Radclyff Lord Fitzwater, the Lord Scroop of Bolton, the Lord Fitzhugh, the Lord Mountjoye, the Lord Dawbeney, the Lord Brooke, Sir Henry Clyfford, Sir Maurice Berkeley, Sir Thomas Knyvet, Sir Andrew Wyndesore, Sir Thomas Parr, Sir Thomas Boleyne, Sir Richard Wentworth, Sir Henry Owtrede, Sir Francis Cheyny, Sir Henry Wyotte, Sir George Hastynges, Sir Thomas Metham, Sir Thomas Bedyngfeld, Sir John Shelton (age 32), Sir Giles Alyngton, Sir John Trevanyon, Sir William Crowmer, Sir John Heydon, Sir Godarde Oxenbrige and Sir Henry Sacheverell.NOTEXT

Details follow at great length of the ceremonies to be performed, the decorations, dresses, &c., for each of the two days, the eve and day of the Coronation.

Marriage of King Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

On 11 Jun 1509, one month after the death of his father, Henry VIII (age 17) and Catherine of Aragon (age 23) were married at the Church of the Observant Friars [Map]. She had, eight years before, married his older brother Prince Arthur Tudor - see Marriage of Arthur Tudor and Catherine of Aragon. She the daughter of Ferdinand II King Aragon (age 57) and Isabella Queen Castile. He the son of King Henry VII of England and Ireland and Elizabeth York Queen Consort England. They were half third cousin once removed. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.


Letters and Papers 1509. 11 Jun 1509. 41. Catharine of Aragon. Acknowledgment by Henry VIII (age 17). of receipt from Gutierre Gomez de Fuen Salida, comendator of La Membrilla, ambassador of Ferdinand King of Aragon, &c., of 50,000 crowns of gold, in part payment of 100,000 crowns for dowry of Catharine Queen of England (age 23). S.B. Undated (now filed with 11 June). [162.]

1528 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

Letters and Papers 1528. 11 Jun 1528. Vit. B. XII. 4. B. M. Burnet, I. 103. 4360. Anne Boleyn (age 27) to Wolsey (age 55).

My Lord, in my most humble wise I desire you to pardon me that I am so bold to trouble you with my simple and rude writing, proceeding from one who is much desirous to know that your Grace does well, as I perceive by this bearer. The great pains you take for me, both day and night, are never likely to be recompensed, "but alonely in loving you, next unto the King's grace, above all creatures living," as my deeds shall manifest. I long to hear from you news of the Legate, and hope they will be very good.

Added by the King:-The writer of this would not cease till she had called me likewise to set to my hand. Both of us desire to see you, and are glad to hear you have escaped the plague so well, trusting the fury of it is abated, especially with those that keep good diet, as I trust you do. The not hearing of the Legate's arrival in France causeth us somewhat to muse; but we trust by your diligence shortly to be eased of that trouble.


Execution of the Carthusians

Wriothesley's Chronicle. 11 Jun 1535. This yeare, 11 June, were arreigned in the Kinges Benche at Westminster 3 munckes of the Charterhowsse of London, and there condempned of highe treason against the Kinge,b and judged to be drawne, hanged, bowelled, beheaded, and quartered; one of them was called Francis Nitigate,c another called Mr. Exmew,d prompter of the same place, and the third was called Mr. Middlemore, vicar of the same placee.

Note b. The treason against the King was for denying that Heniy oovdd be, in spiritoal matters, the head of the Chnrch.

Note c. Sebastian Nidigate. — Stow.

Note d. Thomas Exmew or de Exmouth.

Note e. Humphry Middlemore, Vicar of Exmonth.

Execution of Anne Boleyn and her Co-accused

Letters 1536. 11 Jun 1535. Add. MS. 28,588 f. 289. B. M. 1122. Dr. Ortiz to the Empress.

On the first day of Whitsuntide the convocation of the Council at Mantua was promulgated.

Chapuys writes that "La Ana (age 34)" and her five lovers, one of them being her brother, were imprisoned in the Tower on May 2. They were beheaded on May 17, and she on the following Friday. The King has ordered Parliament to be summoned after Whitsuntide. It is hoped that many good things will be done. The Princess has been suffering in her head and molar teeth, but it is not of much consequence.

La Ana (age 34) was beheaded before many people. She took the Sacrament in prison before her execution, and complained that she had not been executed on Wednesday with her brother, saying that she hoped to have gone to Paradise with him, and that she died by the laws of the kingdom. Two of the five confessed their guilt. One, who was the principal gentleman of the King's chamber, said a great deal about the justice of his death, and that a favoured servant ought not to flatter his prince and consent to his desires as he had done. Rome, 11 June 1536.

Sp., pp. 3. Modern copy.

Arrest and Attainder of Thomas Cromwell

Letters of Thomas Cranmer. 11 Jun 1540. Archbishop Thomas Cranmer (age 50) writes to King Henry VIII on behalf of Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex (age 55) who had recently been arrested. The letter is not extant but was printed originally in Edward Herbert, Baron of Cherbury’s The Life and Raigne of King Henry VIII in 1649.

"I heard yesterday in your Grace’s Council, that he (Crumwell) is a traitor, yet who cannot be sorrowful and amazed that he should be a traitor against your Majesty, he that was so advanced by your Majesty; he whose surety was only by your Majesty; he who loved your Majesty, as I ever thought, no less than God; he who studied always to set forwards whatsoever was your Majesty’s will and pleasure; he that cared for no man’s displeasure to serve your Majesty; he that was such a servant in my judgment, in wisdom, diligence, faithfulness, and experience, as no prince in this realm ever had; he that was so vigilant to preserve your Majesty from all treasons, that few could be so secretly conceived, but he detected the same in the beginning? If the noble princes of memory, King John, Henry the Second, and Richard II had had such a counsellor about them, I suppose that they should never have been so traitorously abandoned, and overthrown as those good princes were: I loved him as my friend, for so I took him to be; but I chiefly loved him for the love which I thought I saw him bear ever towards your Grace, singularly above all other. But now, if he be a traitor, I am sorry that ever I loved him or trusted him, and I am very glad that his treason is discovered in time; but yet again I am very sorrowful; for who shall your Grace trust hereafter, if you might not trust him? Alas! I bewail and lament your Grace’s chance herein, I wot not whom your Grace may trust. But I pray God continually night and day, to send such a counsellor in his place whom your Grace may trust, and who for all his qualities can and will serve your Grace like to him, and that will have so much solicitude and care to preserve your Grace from all dangers as I ever thought he had…

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Henry Machyn's Diary. 11 Jun 1552. The xj day of Juin cam rydyng to London my lade Mare (age 36) grase through London unto Saynt Johns with a goodly compeny of gentyll men and gentyll women.

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Henry Machyn's Diary. 11 Jun 1555. The xj day of Juin be-gane they to sett up the frame for the hersse at Powlles for the quen of Spayn [Note. paternal grandmother of Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain (age 28)], the wyche was the goodlest that ever was sene in England; the bare frame cost xv1. the carpynter('s) dute.


On 11 Jun 1557 John III King Portugal (age 55) died. His grandson Sebastian King Portugal (age 3) succeeded King Portugal: Aviz. Sebastian's paternal grandmother Catherine of Austria Queen Consort Portugal (age 50) acted as Regent during his minority being replaced by Henrique Aviz Cardinal King Portugal (age 45) when she resigned in 1562.


Henry Machyn's Diary. 11 Jun 1559. The sam nyght abowtt viij of the cloke at nyght the Quen('s) (age 25) grace toke her barge at Whyt hall, and mony mo barges, and rod a-longe by the banke-syd by my lord of Wynchaster('s) place, and so to Peper alley, and so crost over to London syd with drumes and trumpetes playhyng ard be-syd, and so to Whyt hall agayne to her palles.

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On 11 Jun 1594 Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Ardglass was born to Edward Cromwell 3rd Baron Cromwell Oakham (age 34) and Francis Rugge Baroness Cromwell Oakham.

On 11 Jun 1595 Bishop William Wickham (age 56) died at Winchester Palace [Map]. He was buried at Southwark Cathedral [Map].

On 07 Aug 1616 William Savage (age 62) died. He was buried at St Mary the Virgin Church, Elmley [Map].

On 31 Jan 1631 Giles Savage (age 46) died. He was buried at St Mary the Virgin Church, Elmley [Map].

On 11 Jun 1674 Katherine Dalston (age 84) died (she the wife of Giles Savage (age 31)) at Elmley Castle. She was buried at St Mary the Virgin Church, Elmley [Map].

Alabaster table tomb with father, son and daughter-in-law. She holding a Chrisom Child probably representing stillborn, or died soon after birth. At their feet two lions and what is described as a stag with an arrow through its neck.

On 11 Jun 1638 Paul Bayning 2nd Viscount Bayning (age 22) died without male issue. Viscount Bayning 1C 1628 extinct.

1660 June Creation of Baronets

In Jun 1660 King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 30) rewarded those who supported his Restoration ...

6th William Wray 1st Baronet (age 35) and John Talbot of Lacock (age 29) were knighted.

7th Geoffrey Palmer 1st Baronet (age 62) was created 1st Baronet Palmer of Carlton in Northampton

7th Orlando Bridgeman 1st Baronet (age 54) was created 1st Baronet Bridgeman of Great Lever in Lancashire.

7th John Langham 1st Baronet (age 76) was created 1st Baronet Langham of Cottesbrooke in Northamptonshire.

11th Henry Wright 1st Baronet (age 23) was created 1st Baronet Wright of Dagenham. Ann Crew Lady Wright by marriage Lady Wright of Dagenham.

13th Nicholas Gould 1st Baronet was created 1st Baronet Gould of the City of London.

14th Thomas Allen 1st Baronet (age 27) was created 1st Baronet Allen of Totteridge in Middlesex.

18th Thomas Cullum 1st Baronet (age 73) was created 1st Baronet Cullum of Hastede in Suffolk.

19th Thomas Darcy 1st Baronet (age 28) was created 1st Baronet Darcy of St Osith's.

22nd Robert Cordell 1st Baronet was created 1st Baronet Cordell of Long Melford.

22nd John Robinson 1st Baronet (age 45) was created 1st Baronet Robinson of London. Anne Whitmore Lady Robinson (age 48) by marriage Lady Robinson of London.

25th William Bowyer 1st Baronet (age 47) was created 1st Baronet Bowyer of Denham Court. Margaret Weld Lady Bowyer (age 43) by marriage Lady Bowyer of Denham Court.

25th Thomas Stanley 1st Baronet (age 63) was created 1st Baronet Stanley of Alderley in Cheshire.

26th Jacob Astley 1st Baronet (age 21) was created 1st Baronet Astley of Hill Morton.

27th William Wray 1st Baronet (age 35) was created 1st Baronet Wray of Ashby in Lincolnshire. Olympia Tufton Lady Ashby (age 36) by marriage Lady Wray of Ashby in Lincolnshire.

28th Oliver St John 1st Baronet (age 36) was created 1st Baronet St John of Woodford in Northamptonshire 1660.

29th Ralph Delaval 1st Baronet (age 37) was created 1st Baronet Delaval of Seaton in Northumberland. Anne Leslie Lady Delaval by marriage Lady Delaval of Seaton in Northumberland.

30th Andrew Henley 1st Baronet (age 38) was created 1st Baronet Henley of Henley in Somerset.

Minutes of the Royal Society. 11 Jun 1662. 82. Royal Society Meeting Minutes.

Sir Robert Moray (age 54) President.

Dr Petty's (age 51) brother (age 42) showed the Society a draft of the pleasure boat he is to make for the King (age 32).

Lord Berkeley of Berkely (age 13) presented the Society with a Bird of Paradise having two feet.

Dr Goddard brought in a moth with feathered wings.

Mr Evelyn (age 41) presentd the Society with a book called 'The History of Chalcogrphij'.

Mr Ball to be asked to produce his 'Magnetick Instruments',

Mr Boyle1 presented the Society with a book of the 'Weight and Spring of Air'; and also with a glass tube filled with Minium, wherewith the experiment of filtering was made.

The Amanuensis to enquire about the depth of the water under the arches of London Bridge.

Mr Croone (age 28) to write to Dr Power about the trial of heat and cold in deep caves.

The Amanuensis to bespeak the long glass tube for the Torricellian Experiment.

Note 1. Not clear which Mr Boyle this is since Richard Boyle was elected 20 May 1663 and Robert Boyle Scientist (age 36) on 22 Apr 1663.

On 11 Jun 1662 John Drummond 2nd Earl Perth (age 74) died. His son James Drummond 3rd Earl Perth (age 47) succeeded 3rd Earl Perth.

Evelyn's Diary. 11 Jun 1683. The Lord Dartmouth (age 10) was elected Master of the Trinity House; son to George Legge (age 36), late Master of the Ordnance, and one of the grooms of the bedchamber; a great favorite of the Duke's (age 49), an active and understanding gentleman in sea affairs.


Before 11 Jun 1794 James Browne 2nd Baron Kilmaine (age 29) and Anne Cavendish were married.

On 11 Jun 1797 Henry Lascelles 3rd Earl Harewood was born to Henry Lascelles 2nd Earl Harewood (age 29) and Henrietta Sebright Countess Harewood.

On 11 Jun 1854 Algernon Sidney 4th Baron De Lisle and Dudley was born to Philip Sidney 2nd Baron De Lisle and Dudley (age 26) and Mary Foulis (age 28). He a great grandson of King William IV of the United Kingdom.

On 11 Jun 1863 Archbishop William Plunket 4th Baron Plunket (age 34) and Anne Lee Guiness Baroness Plunket (age 24) were married.

After 11 Jun 1864 Susan Charlotte Catherine Pelham-Clinton (age 25) became the mistress of King Edward VII of the United Kingdom (age 22). She is believed by some to have had a child with the Prince although evidence is scant.

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On 11 Jun 1890 John Granville Cornwallis Eliot 6th Earl St Germans was born to Henry Cornwallis Eliot 5th Earl St Germans (age 55) and Emily Harriet Labouchere Countess St Germans (age 45) at 13 Grosvenor Gardens Belgravia.

On 11 Jun 1892 Warner Hastings 15th Earl Huntingdon (age 23) and Maud Margaret Wilson Countess Huntingdon (age 24) were married at St George's Church, Hanover Square. She by marriage Countess Huntingdon. He the son of Francis Power Plantagenet Hastings 14th Earl Huntingdon.


After 11 Jun 1892. Hasting's Chapel St Helen's Church Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Leicestershire [Map]. Monument to Warner Hastings 15th Earl Huntingdon (age 23) and Maud Margaret Wilson Countess Huntingdon (age 24).

Maud Margaret Wilson Countess Huntingdon: In 1868 she was born to Samuel Wilson (age 35) in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. On 11 Jun 1892 Warner Hastings 15th Earl Huntingdon (age 23) and Maud Margaret Wilson Countess Huntingdon (age 24) were married at St George's Church, Hanover Square. She by marriage Countess Huntingdon. He the son of Francis Power Plantagenet Hastings 14th Earl Huntingdon. On 26 Dec 1952 Maud Margaret Wilson Countess Huntingdon (age 84) died.

On 11 Jun 1900 David Ogilvy 11th Earl of Airlie (age 44) died. His son David Ogilvy 12th Earl of Airlie (age 6) succeeded 12th Earl Airlie.


After 11 Jun 1905. St Peter's Church, Chillingham [Map]. Memorial to Jacob Wilson.

Jacob Wilson: On 16 Nov 1836 he was born at Crackenthorpe Hall. In 1866 he was appointed land agent to Charles Bennet 6th Earl Tankerville (age 55) for his estates at Chillingham. In 1874 he and Margaret Hedley were married. On 11 Jul 1905 he died. He was buried at St Peter's Church, Chillingham. A memorial service was held at St George's Church, Hanover Square.

On 11 Jun 1907 Everard Aloysius Gonzaga Arundell 13th Baron Arundel (age 72) died. His second cousin once removed Edgar Clifford Arundell 14th Baron Arundel (age 47) succeeded 14th Baron Arundel Wardour in Wiltshire. Ellen Elizabeth Thatcher Baroness Arundel Wardour by marriage Baroness Arundel Wardour in Wiltshire.


On 11 Jun 1914 Heneage Charles Bagot 9th Baron Bagot was born to Charles Frederick Heneage Bagot (age 56) and Alice Lorina Farr.

On 11 Jun 1917 Constantine I King Greece (age 48) abdicated King Greece. Alexander I King Greece (age 23) succeeded I King Greece. Aspasia Manos Queen Consort Greece by marriage Queen Consort Greece.


On 11 Jun 1918 John Granville Cornwallis Eliot 6th Earl St Germans (age 28) and Blanche Linnie Fitzroy Countess St Germans (age 21) were married. She by marriage Countess St Germans. She the daughter of Henry Adelbert Wellington Fitzroy 9th Duke Beaufort (age 71) and Louise Emily Harford 9th Duchess Beaufort (age 53). He the son of Henry Cornwallis Eliot 5th Earl St Germans and Emily Harriet Labouchere Countess St Germans (age 73). They were third cousin once removed.

On 11 Jun 1928 Nigel Amyas Orde-Powlett 6th Baron Bolton (age 28) and Victoria Mary Villiers (age 24) were married.