On this Day in History ... 13th December

13 Dec is in December.

902 Battle of the Holme

1290 Eleanor Crosses

1431 French Coronation of Henry VI

1470 Re-adeption of King Henry VI

1470 Angers Agreement

1539 Anne of Cleves Arrival at Calais

1558 Funeral of Mary I

1648 Treaty of Newport

1665 Great Plague of London

1666 Great Fire of London

1688 Glorious Revolution

1722 General Election

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 13th December

On 13 Dec 838 Pepin I King Aquitaine (age 41) died. His son Pepin II King Aquitaine (age 15) succeeded II King Aquitaine.

On 13 Dec 902 Æthelwold Prince Wessex revolted against his cousin King Edward "Elder" of the Anglo Saxons (age 28) helped by the Danes.

Sigehelm Earldorman Kent was killed fighting for King Edward "Elder" of the Anglo Saxons (age 28).

Brihtsige Wessex, Ysopa Wessex, Oscetel Wessex and Eohric King East Anglia were killed fighting for Æthelwold Prince Wessex.

On 13 Dec 1290 Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England (deceased) body rested at Charing Cross [Map].

Chronicle of Gregory 1431. 13 Dec 1431. And the xiij day of the same monythe he was crownyde at Parysse; for there he was worthely and ryally ressayvyd as they cowthe devyse whythe alle the statys of the towne. And there he hylde his feste raylly to alle maner of nacyons that were in that contre, that yf it plesyde them thedyr for to come. And in Syn Johnys day in the Crystysmasse weke the King remevyd towarde Roone [Map], and on the xij evyn he come unto Calys. Ande the xxix day of Janyver he londyd at Dovyr [Map].

Memoirs of Philip de Commines Book 3 Chapter V. 13 Dec 1470. By his management also a marriage was concluded between the Earl of Warwick's second daughter (age 14) and the Prince of Wales1, which prince was the only son to King Henry VI. (who was at that time alive, and prisoner in the tower.) An unaccountable match! to dethrone and imprison the father, and marry his only son to the daughter of him that did it. It was no less surprising that he should delude the Duke of Clarence, brother to the king whom he opposed, who ought in reason to have been afraid of the restoration of the house of Lancaster; but affairs of so nice a nature are not to be managed without great cunning and artifice.

Note 1. Edward, son of Henry VI. and Margaret of Anjou. He married Anne, youngest daughter of the Earl of Warwick, and was killed in.the battle of Tewkesbury, on the 4th of May, 1471. His widow afterwards married the Duke of Gloucester, who subsequently ascended the throne as Richard III.

On 13 Dec 1470 Edward of Westinster Prince of Wales (age 17) and Anne Neville Queen Consort England (age 14) were married at Angers Cathedral [Map]. She by marriage Princess of Wales. She the daughter of Richard "Kingmaker" Neville Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (age 42) and Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick (age 44). He the son of King Henry VI of England and II of France (age 49) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England (age 40). They were half third cousins. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 13 Dec 1521 Manuel "Fortunate" I King Portugal (age 52) died. His son John III King Portugal (age 19) succeeded III King Portugal: Aviz.

On 13 Dec 1533 King Erix XIV of Sweden was born to King Gustav I of Sweden (age 37).

Letters and Papers 1535. 13 Dec 1535. Vatican Archives. 970. Bishop of Faenza to M. Ambrogio.

* * * Understands that they have not the last resolutions which they expected from England. Mons. Brien, who is still here, is about to depart. The old queen of England has been very near death, but now recovered. Understands from the English ambassador (age 45) here, who is a good man though he serves the King, hostile to all that pleases the new Queen, and a good servant of the old Queen (age 49), whose "creatura" his wife is, that she cannot live more than six months or a little longer, which he has heard from her physician, a Spaniard, who has told her in secret of it. Believes it to be true, because it grieves the ambassador to the heart. Conjectures, from what the French king and his lords have said, that her condition is known to them, and they hope that at her death the King will leave his present Queen, return to the obedience of the Church, and marry Francis' eldest daughter, whom they would not give to the Scotch king, nor any other, and that the Dauphin should have the King's legitimate daughter. These, however, are conjectures, and he may be mistaken. Sora, 13 Dec. 1535.

Ital., p. 1,from a modern copy.

There is another modern copy in M.S. Add. 8715, f. 161 b., B.M.

On 13 Dec 1553 Henry IV King France was born to Antoine King Navarre (age 35) and Jeanne Albret III Queen Navarre (age 25).

Henry Machyn's Diary. 13 Dec 1558. [The xiij day of December, the corpse of the late Queen (deceased) was brought from St. James's, in a cha]rett, with the pyctur of emages [images] lyke [her person], adorned with cremesun velvett and her crowne on her hed, her septer on her hand, and mony goodly rynges on her fyngers; up the he-way [went] formett [foremost] [the] standard with the Faucon and [the Hart]; then cam a grett compene of morners; and after anodur godly standard of the Lyon and the Faucon; and then her houshold servandes, ij and ij together, in blake gownes, [the] haroldes rydyng to and fro to se them go in order; and after cam the iij standard with the Whyt Grahond and the Faucon; and then cam gentyllmen in gownes, morners; and then cam rydyng sqwyrs, bayryng of baners of armes; and then cam my lord marques of Wynchester (age 75) on hors-bake, bayryng the baner of the armes of England in-brodered with gold; and then cam after Chester the harold (age 60), baryng the helm and the crest and mantyll; then cam master Norroy (age 48), bayryng the targett with the garter and the crowne; and then cam master Clarenshus (age 48) bayreng the sword and after cam Garter (age 48), bayryng her cot-armur, on hors-bake they all; and baners borne abowt her, with knyghts, lords, and baners a-bowt the corse; with iiij harolds bayryng on horss-bake iiij whyt baners of santes wroth with fyne gold, master Samersett, master Lanckostur, master Wyndsor, and master Yorke; and then cam the corse, with her pyctur lyung over her, and the corse covered with cloth of gold, the crosse sylver, and then cam iij (blank) with the cheyff morners; and then lades rydyn, alle in blake, trapyd to the grond; and the charett that the quen was in rode the pages of honor with baners in ther handes; and a-for the corse her chapell, and after all the monkes, and after the bysshopes in order; and so by Charyng-crosse to Westmynster abay; and at the grett dore of the chyrche evere body dyd a-lykt of ther horse; and then was gentyll-men rede [ready] to take the quen owt of her charett, and so erles and lordes whent afor her grace to the herse ward, with her pyctur borne betwyn men of worshype; and at the cherche dore met her iiij byshopes, and the abbott (age 43), mytered, in copes, and sensyng the body; and so she lay all nyght under the herse, and her grace was wachyd. [And there were an hundred poor men in good black gowns] bayryng longe torchys, with [hoods on their heads, and arms] on them; and a-bowt her the gard bayryng [staff-torches] in blake cottes; and all the way chandlers [having] torchys, to gyffe them that had ther torchys [burnt out].

Note. P. 182. Funeral of queen Mary. The ceremonial is in the College of Arms, I. 14, ff. 19—30, and again in ff. 202—214; and the painters' charges at f. 198.

Evelyn's Diary. 13 Dec 1648. The Parliament now sat up the whole night, and endeavored to have concluded the Isle of Wight Treaty; but were surprised by the rebel army; the members dispersed, and great confusion every where in expectation of what would be next.

Evelyn's Diary. 13 Dec 1660. I presented my son, John (age 5), to the Queen-Mother (age 51), who kissed him, talked with and made extraordinary much of him.

Pepy's Diary. 13 Dec 1665. Up betimes and finished my journall for five days back, and then after being ready to my Lord Bruncker (age 45) by appointment, there to order the disposing of some money that we have come into the office, and here to my great content I did get a bill of imprest to Captain Cocke (age 48) to pay myself in part of what is coming to me from him for my Lord Sandwich's (age 40) satisfaction and my owne, and also another payment or two wherein I am concerned, and having done that did go to Mr. Pierce's, where he and his wife made me drink some tea, and so he and I by water together to London. Here at a taverne in Cornhill [Map] he and I did agree upon my delivering up to him a bill of Captain Cocke's (age 48), put into my hand for Pierce's use upon evening of reckonings about the prize goods, and so away to the 'Change [Map], and there hear the ill news, to my great and all our great trouble, that the plague is encreased again this week, notwithstanding there hath been a day or two great frosts; but we hope it is only the effects of the late close warm weather, and if the frosts continue the next week, may fall again; but the town do thicken so much with people, that it is much if the plague do not grow again upon us. Off the 'Change [Map] invited by Sheriff Hooker (age 53), who keeps the poorest, mean, dirty table in a dirty house that ever I did see any Sheriff of London; and a plain, ordinary, silly man I think he is, but rich; only his son, Mr. Lethulier (age 32), I like, for a pretty, civil, understanding merchant; and the more by much, because he happens to be husband to our noble, fat, brave lady in our parish, that I and my wife admire so.

Pepy's Diary. 13 Dec 1666. Thence home to dinner, and there W. Hewer (age 24) dined with me, and showed me a Gazette, in April last, which I wonder should never be remembered by any body, which tells how several persons were then tried for their lives, and were found guilty of a design of killing the King (age 36) and destroying the Government; and as a means to it, to burn the City; and that the day intended for the plot was the 3rd of last September1. And the fire did indeed break out on the 2nd of September, which is very strange, methinks, and I shall remember it.

Note 1. The "Gazette" of April 23rd-26th, 1666, which contains the following remarkable passage: "At the Sessions in the Old Bailey, John Rathbone, an old army colonel, William Saunders, Henry Tucker, Thomas Flint, Thomas Evans, John Myles, Will. Westcot, and John Cole, officers or soldiers in the late Rebellion, were indicted for conspiring the death of his Majesty and the overthrow of the Government. Having laid their plot and contrivance for the surprisal of the Tower, the killing his Grace the Lord General, Sir John Robinson (age 51), Lieutenant of the Tower, and Sir Richard Brown; and then to have declared for an equal division of lands, &c. The better to effect this hellish design, the City was to have been fired, and the portcullis let down to keep out all assistance; and the Horse Guards to have been surprised in the inns where they were quartered, several ostlers having been gained for that purpose. The Tower was accordingly viewed, and its surprise ordered by boats over the moat, and from thence to scale the wall. One Alexander, not yet taken, had likewise distributed money to these conspirators; and, for the carrying on the design more effectually, they were told of a Council of the great ones that sat frequently in London, from whom issued all orders; which Council received their directions from another in Holland, who sat with the States; and that the third of September was pitched on for the attempt, as being found by Lilly's Almanack, and a scheme erected for that purpose, to be a lucky day, a planet then ruling which prognosticated the downfall of Monarchy. The evidence against these persons was very full and clear, and they were accordingly found guilty of High Treason". See November 10th, 1666 B.

Pepy's Diary. 13 Dec 1667. By and by comes out my cozen Roger (age 50) to me, he being not willing to be in the House at the business of my Lord Keeling (age 60), lest he should be called upon to complain against him for his abusing him at Cambridge, very wrongfully and shamefully, but not to his reproach, but to the Chief justice's (age 60) in the end, when all the world cried shame upon him for it. So he with me home, and Creed, whom I took up by the way, going thither, and they to dine with me, and pretty merry, and among other pieces of news, it is now fresh that the King of Portugall (age 24) is deposed, and his brother (age 18) made King; and that my Lord Sandwich (age 42) is gone from Madrid with great honour to Lisbon, to make up, at this juncture, a peace to the advantage, as the Spaniard would have it, of Spain. I wish it may be for my Lord's honour, if it be so; but it seems my Lord is in mighty estimation in Spain.

Evelyn's Diary. 13 Dec 1685. Dr Patrick, Dean of Peterborough (age 59), preach'd at Whitehall [Map] before ye Princesse of Denmark (age 20); who since his Ma* (age 52) came to the Crown, allways sate in the King's closet, and had the same bowings and ceremonies applied to the place where she was, as his Ma* had when there in person.

Evelyn's Diary. 13 Dec 1685. Dining at Mr. Pepys's (age 52), Dr. Slayer shewed us an experiment of a wonderful nature, pouring first a very cold liquor into a glass, and super-fusing on it another, to appearance cold and cleare liquor also; it first produced a white cloud, then boiling, divers cormscations and actual flames of fire mingled with the liquor, which being a little shaken together, fixed divers sunns and starrs of real fire, perfectly globular, on the sides of the glasse, and which there stuck like so many constellations, burning most vehemently, and resembling starrs and heavenly bodies, and that for a long space. It seemed to exhiblte a theorie of the eduction of light out of the chaos, and the fixing or gathering of the universal light into luminous bodys. This matter or phosphorus was made out of human blood and urine, elucidating the vital flame or heate in animal bodys. A very noble experiment.

Evelyn's Diary. 13 Dec 1688. The Prince of Orange (age 38) is advanced to Windsor [Map], is invited by the King (age 55) to St. James's [Map], the messenger sent was the Earl of Faversham (age 47), the General of the Forces, who going without trumpet, or passport, is detained prisoner by the Prince (age 38), who accepts the invitation, but requires his Majesty (age 38) to retire to some distant place, that his own guards may be quartered about the palace and city. This is taken heinously and the King (age 38) goes privately to Rochester, Kent [Map]; is persuaded to come back; comes on the Sunday; goes to mass, and dines in public, a Jesuit saying grace (I was present).

Evelyn's Diary. 13 Dec 1688. The King (age 55) flies to sea, puts in at Faversham, Kent [Map] for ballast; is rudely treated by the people; comes back to Whitehall.

On 13 Dec 1688 Elizabeth Waller 1st Baroness Shelburne (age 52) was created 1st Baroness Shelburne for life only by King James II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 55). Her son Charles Petty 1st Baron Shelburne (age 15) was created 1st Baron Shelburne.

On 13 Dec 1688 Thomas Thynne 1st Viscount Weymouth (age 48), along with the Earl of Pembroke (age 32), led a deputation to the Prince of Orange (age 38) who was at Henley on Thames, Oxfordshire [Map] after the flight of King James II (age 55).

In 1722 John Rushout 4th Baronet (age 36) was elected MP Malmesbury and MP Evesham in the 1722 General Election. He was unseated on petition at Malmesbury on 13 Dec 1722, and so took his seat at Evesham.

On 13 Dec 1824 Charles Crooke Siddall (age 23) and Elizabeth Eleanor Evans were married at Hornsey Rise, Islington.

Charles Crooke Siddall: Around 1801 he was born.

On 13 Dec 1848 John Termouth (age 52) died of typhus. He was buried at Kensal Green Cemetery. His grave is marked by a Carrara marble stela with a classical relief of a grieving draped woman embracing an urn-topped pedestal. This may be one of his own works.

On 12 Jan 1884 Robert Nicholas Hamond (age 74) died. On 01 Mar 1893 his wife Sophia Caroline Musters (age 71) died.

On 13 Dec 1869 Anthony Hamond (age 65) died. On 31 Jan 1900 his wife Mary Anne Musters (age 77) died.

On 30 Mar 1895 Anthony Hamond (age 61) died.

Memorials in All Saints Church, West Acre [Map].

On 13 Dec 1886 Helen Gordon-Lennox Duchess Northumberland was born to Charles Gordon-Lennox 7th Duke Richmond (age 40) and Isabel Sophie Craven Duchess Richmond.

On 13 Dec 1906 Princess Marina Glücksburg Duchess Kent was born to Prince Nicholas Glücksburg (age 34) and Elena Vladimirovna Holstein Gottorp Romanov (age 24) at Athens. Coefficient of inbreeding 1.72%.

Births on the 13th December

On 13 Dec 1272 Frederick III King Sicily was born to Peter III King Aragon (age 32).

On 13 Dec 1533 King Erix XIV of Sweden was born to King Gustav I of Sweden (age 37).

On 13 Dec 1553 Henry IV King France was born to Antoine King Navarre (age 35) and Jeanne Albret III Queen Navarre (age 25).

On 13 Dec 1612 Frances Fairfax was born to Ferdinando Fairfax 2nd Lord Fairfax of Cameron (age 28) and Mary Sheffield (age 24).

On 13 Dec 1671 Anne Russell was born to William Russell (age 32) and Rachel Wriothesley (age 35).

On 13 Dec 1681 Robert Lowther was born to Richard Lowther (age 43).

Around 13 Dec 1754 Edmund Turnor was born to Edmund Turnor (age 39).

On 13 Dec 1755 Reverend Henry Worsley 8th Baronet was born to Robert Worsley (age 41) and Jane Holmes (age 39).

On 13 Dec 1778 George Ferrars Townshend 3rd Marquess Townshend was born to George Townshend 2nd Marquess Townshend (age 25) and Charlotte Mainwaring Ellerker Countess of Leicester (age 7).

On 13 Dec 1780 Friederike Oldenburg was born to Friedrich Karl Ludwig Oldenburg I Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck (age 23) and Friederike Schlieben Duchess Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck.

On 13 Dec 1791 Margaret Douglas-Maclean-Clephane Marchioness Northampton was born to Major-General William Douglas-Maclean-Clephane (age 32).

On 13 Dec 1794 John James King was born.

On 13 Dec 1804 Ferdinand Hohenzollern was born to Frederick William II King Prussia (age 34). He a great x 3 grandson of King George I of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 13 Dec 1811 William Cowper Temple 1st Baron Mount Temple was born to Peter Nassau Clavering-Cowper 5th Earl Cowper (age 33) and Emily Lamb Countess Cowper (age 24). His father may have been one of his mother's many lovers including Henry John Temple 3rd Viscount Palmerston (age 27).

On 13 Dec 1814 Richard Brooke 7th Baronet was born to Richard Brooke 6th Baronet (age 29) and Harriet Cunliffe Lady Brooke. Coefficient of inbreeding 6.25%.

On 13 Dec 1815 Arthur Penrhyn Stanley was born to Bishop Edward Stanley (age 36).

On 13 Dec 1818 William Samuel Symonds was born.

On 13 Dec 1823 William Walsham How Bishop was born.

On 13 Dec 1831 Charles Stanhope was born to Charles Stanhope 4th Earl of Harrington (age 51) and Maria Foote Countess Harrington.

On 13 Dec 1834 Mary Agnes Welstead was born to Benjamin Welstead (age 59) and Mary Rowley (age 36).

On 13 Dec 1835 John Charles Francis Ramsden was born to Captain Henry James Ramsden (age 36).

On 13 Dec 1842 Charles Dutton was born to James Henry Legge Dutton 3rd Baron Sherborne (age 38) and Elizabeth Howard Baroness Sherborne (age 39). Coefficient of inbreeding 6.25%.

On 13 Dec 1865 Maude Dora Gertrude Baird was born to Thomas Carpendale Baird (age 35).

On 13 Dec 1886 Helen Gordon-Lennox Duchess Northumberland was born to Charles Gordon-Lennox 7th Duke Richmond (age 40) and Isabel Sophie Craven Duchess Richmond.

On 13 Dec 1896 Jeffery Amherst 5th Earl Amherst was born to Hugh Amherst 4th Earl Amherst (age 40).

On 13 Dec 1906 Princess Marina Glücksburg Duchess Kent was born to Prince Nicholas Glücksburg (age 34) and Elena Vladimirovna Holstein Gottorp Romanov (age 24) at Athens. Coefficient of inbreeding 1.72%.

Marriages on the 13th December

Before 13 Dec 1299 Gerhard Jülich V Count Jülich (age 49) and Elisabeth Brabant Countess Jülich were married. She by marriage Countess Jülich. He the son of William Jülich IV Count Jülich and Richardis Guelders Countess Jülich. He a great x 5 grandson of King William "Conqueror" I of England.

On 13 Dec 1470 Edward of Westinster Prince of Wales (age 17) and Anne Neville Queen Consort England (age 14) were married at Angers Cathedral [Map]. She by marriage Princess of Wales. She the daughter of Richard "Kingmaker" Neville Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (age 42) and Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick (age 44). He the son of King Henry VI of England and II of France (age 49) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England (age 40). They were half third cousins. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 13 Dec 1573 Alexander Gordon 12th Earl Sutherland (age 21) and Jean Gordon Countess Bothwell and Sutherland (age 27) were married at Huntly Castle, Huntly. She the daughter of George Gordon 4th Earl Huntley. He the son of John Gordon 11th Earl Sutherland and Helen or Eleanor Stewart Countess Erroll and Sutherland. They were second cousin once removed. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III of England.

Before 13 Dec 1606 Brian Stapleton (age 64) and Eleanor Neville (age 89) were married. The difference in their ages was 25 years; she, unusually, being older than him. She the daughter of Ralph Neville 4th Earl of Westmoreland and Katherine Stafford Countess of Westmoreland. They were third cousins.

On 13 Dec 1612 John Delaval (age 33) and Elizabeth Selby (age 9) were married. The difference in their ages was 24 years.

On 13 Dec 1638 Edward Peyton 2nd Baronet (age 58) and Dorothy Minshaw were married.

On 13 Dec 1660 Thomas Vernon (age 29) and Anne Weston (age 20) were married. The had six sons and nine daughters.

On 13 Dec 1692 James Douglas 2nd Marquess Douglas (age 46) and Mary Kerr Marchioness Douglas (age 18) were married. She by marriage Marchioness Douglas. The difference in their ages was 28 years. She the daughter of Robert Kerr 1st Marquess Lothian (age 56) and Jean Campbell. He the son of Archibald Douglas 1st Earl Ormonde 12th Earl Angus and Anne Stewart Countess Ormonde and Angus.

On 13 Dec 1722 Charles Beauclerk 2nd Duke St Albans (age 26) and Lucy Werden Duchess St Albans (age 23) were married. He the son of Charles Beauclerk 1st Duke St Albans (age 52) and Diana Vere Duchess St Albans (age 43). He a grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

Before 13 Dec 1736 John Symes Berkeley (age 66) and Elizabeth Norborne were married.

On 13 Dec 1742 Thomas Heathcote 2nd Baronet (age 21) and Elizabeth Hinton (age 18) were married at the Fleet Prison [Map].

Before 13 Dec 1755 Robert Worsley (age 41) and Jane Holmes (age 39) were married.

On 13 Dec 1755 John St John 12th Baron St John (age 30) and Susanne Louise Simond were married.

On 13 Dec 1762 George Evans 3rd Baron Carbery (age 30) and Elizabeth Horton Baroness Carbery were married. She by marriage Baroness Carbery.

Before 13 Dec 1772 John Dyke Acland (age 26) and Christian Harriet Fox-Strangways (age 22) were married. She the daughter of Stephen Fox-Strangways 1st Earl of Ilchester (age 68) and Elizabeth Strangways-Horner Countess Ilchester (age 50).

On 13 Dec 1779 John Honywood 4th Baronet (age 22) and Frances Courtenay (age 16) were married. They had a son and six daughters. She the daughter of William Courtenay 8th Earl Devon (age 37) and Frances Clack Countess Devon.

On 13 Dec 1824 Charles Crooke Siddall (age 23) and Elizabeth Eleanor Evans were married at Hornsey Rise, Islington.

Charles Crooke Siddall: Around 1801 he was born.

On 13 Dec 1826 Henry Sacheverell Wilmot 4th Baronet (age 25) and Maria Mundy (age 18) were married.

On 13 Dec 1836 Reverend Thomas Egerton (age 27) and Charlotte Catherine Milner (age 27) were married.

Before 13 Dec 1838 Colonel Richard Talbot Plantagenet Stapleton (age 4) and Emma Shafto were married.

On 13 Dec 1855 Reginald Cust (age 27) and Elizabeth Caroline Bligh (age 25) were married. She the daughter of Edward Bligh 5th Earl Darnley and Emma Jane Parnell Countess Darnley.

On 13 Dec 1859 Charles William Frederick Cavendish-Bentinck (age 42) and Caroline Louisa Burnaby (age 27) were married.

Before 13 Dec 1860 Charles George Bingham 4th Earl Lucan (age 30) and Cecilia Catherine Gordon-Lennox Countess Lucan (age 22) were married. She the daughter of Charles Gordon-Lennox 5th Duke Richmond and Caroline Paget Duchess Richmond (age 64). He the son of George Charles Bingham 3rd Earl Lucan (age 60) and Anne Brudenell Countess Lucan (age 51). She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

Deaths on the 13th December

On 13 Dec 838 Pepin I King Aquitaine (age 41) died. His son Pepin II King Aquitaine (age 15) succeeded II King Aquitaine.

On 13 Dec 902 Æthelwold Prince Wessex revolted against his cousin King Edward "Elder" of the Anglo Saxons (age 28) helped by the Danes.

Sigehelm Earldorman Kent was killed fighting for King Edward "Elder" of the Anglo Saxons (age 28).

Brihtsige Wessex, Ysopa Wessex, Oscetel Wessex and Eohric King East Anglia were killed fighting for Æthelwold Prince Wessex.

On 13 Dec 1126 Henry "Black" Welf IX Duke Bavaria (age 51) died. His son Henry "Proud" Welf X Duke Bavaria (age 18) succeeded 10th Duke Bavaria.

On 13 Dec 1213 William of Winchester Welf (age 29) died.

On 13 Dec 1313 John "Parricide" Habsburg (age 23) died.

On 13 Dec 1328 William Pole (age 54) died at Kingston upon Hull [Map].

On 13 Dec 1393 William Jülich I Duke Jülich (age 66) died. His son William Jülich 3rd Duke Guelders 3rd Duke Jülich (age 29) succeeded 3rd Duke Jülich.

On 13 Dec 1394 Otto I Duke of Brunswick-Göttingen (age 64) died.

On 13 Dec 1410 John Howard (age 30) died at Wiggenhall, Norfolk.

Around 13 Dec 1427 Elizabeth Grey Baroness Fitzhugh (age 63) died. She was buried at Jervaulx Abbey [Map].

On 10 Dec 1475 Robert Waterton (age 67) died. Also given as 13 Dec 1476.

On 13 Dec 1521 Manuel "Fortunate" I King Portugal (age 52) died. His son John III King Portugal (age 19) succeeded III King Portugal: Aviz.

On 13 Dec 1548 John Melville of Raith was executed in Edinburgh [Map].

On 13 Dec 1561 Lawrence Dalton (age 51) died. He was buried at St Dunstan's in the West, Fleet Street [Map].

On 13 Dec 1588 Michael Darcy died.

On 13 Dec 1606 Brian Stapleton (age 64) died.

On or before 13 Dec 1620 Susan Grey died. She was buried on 13 Dec 1620.

On or before 13 Dec 1632 Thomas Garrard of St Benet, Gracechurch died. He was buried on 13 Dec 1632 at St Benet Gracechurch [Map].

On 13 Dec 1644 Francis Leigh of Addington (age 54) died. He was buried 17 Dec 1644 at Addington, Surrey.

On 13 Dec 1646 Mary Campbell (age 63) died.

On 13 Dec 1663 Olivia Boteler died.

On 13 Dec 1669 Nicholas L'Estrange 3rd Baronet (age 37) died. His son Nicholas L'Estrange 4th Baronet (age 8) succeeded 4th Baronet Strange of Hunstanton in Norfolk.

On 13 Dec 1677 Thomas Howard 5th Duke of Norfolk (age 50) died in Padua unmarried. He had suffered mental disabilities all his life. His brother Henry Howard 6th Duke of Norfolk (age 49) succeeded 6th Duke Norfolk, 24th Earl Arundel Sussex, 7th Earl Surrey, 4th Earl Norfolk, 18th Baron Segrave, 19th Baron Strange Blackmere, 17th Baron Mowbray, 16th Baron Talbot, 15th Baron Furnivall, 14th Baron Maltravers, 14th Baron Arundel. Jane Bickerton Duchess Norfolk (age 34) by marriage Duchess Norfolk. The marriage being so unpopular with his family they went abroad for some time.

On 13 Dec 1680 Barbara Villiers Countess Suffolk (age 58) died.

On 13 Dec 1684 George Howard (age 37) died.

On 13 Dec 1686 John Curzon 1st Baronet (age 88) died. His son Nathaniel Curzon 2nd Baronet (age 46) succeeded 2nd Baronet Curzon of Kedleston in Derbyshire. Sarah Penn Baroness Curzon (age 31) by marriage Lady Curzon of Kedleston in Derbyshire.

On 13 Dec 1688 Wilfrid Lawson 1st Baronet (age 78) died. His grandson Wilfrid Lawson 2nd Baronet (age 24) succeeded 2nd Baronet Lawson of Isel Hall in Cumbria. He was buried at St Michael's Church, Isel where his memorial has the inscription: "Here lies Sir Wilfrid Lawson, baronet, and his Lady Jane. He departed this life 13th day of December 1688 aged 79 And she the 8th June 1677 aged 65. Having married four sons and eight daughters. Vivit post funers virtue [He lives after the funeral by virtue].

On 13 Dec 1692 Henry Mildmay of Graces, Little Baddow, Essex (age 43) died.

On 13 Dec 1731 Harriet Bouverie died.

On 13 Dec 1736 John Symes Berkeley (age 66) died.

On 13 Dec 1765 Alice Powell Duchess Buccleuch (age 63) died.

On 13 Dec 1770 Charles Douglas died.

On 13 Dec 1771 Charles Gordon died.

On 13 Dec 1781 Reverend Henry Wilson (age 58) died.

On 13 Dec 1784 Samuel Johnson (age 75) died.

Around 13 Dec 1793 Roger Fleming (age 60) died.

On 13 Dec 1801 William Edwardes 1st Baron Kensington (age 90) died. His son William Edwardes 2nd Baron Kensington (age 24) succeeded 2nd Baron Kensington. Dorothy Patricia Thomas Baroness Kensington by marriage Baroness Kensington.

On 13 Dec 1801 Caroline Gordon (age 29) died.

On 13 Dec 1810 Elizabeth Chamberlayne (age 77) died.

On 13 Dec 1826 Luke Dillon 2nd Baron Clonbrook (age 46) died.

On 13 Dec 1827 William Egerton (age 57) died.

On 13 Dec 1841 Mary Anne Caldwell Countess Belmore (age 86) died.

On 13 Dec 1844 William Huntly Campbell (age 38) died.

On 13 Dec 1845 Harriett Quin died.

On 13 Dec 1847 Emily Baring (age 72) died.

On 13 Dec 1848 John Termouth (age 52) died of typhus. He was buried at Kensal Green Cemetery. His grave is marked by a Carrara marble stela with a classical relief of a grieving draped woman embracing an urn-topped pedestal. This may be one of his own works.

On 13 Dec 1853 Reverend Richard Harington (age 53) died.

On 13 Dec 1857 John Hughes (age 67) died.

On 13 Dec 1867 Hender Molesworth-St Aubyn (age 69) died.

On 12 Jan 1884 Robert Nicholas Hamond (age 74) died. On 01 Mar 1893 his wife Sophia Caroline Musters (age 71) died.

On 13 Dec 1869 Anthony Hamond (age 65) died. On 31 Jan 1900 his wife Mary Anne Musters (age 77) died.

On 30 Mar 1895 Anthony Hamond (age 61) died.

Memorials in All Saints Church, West Acre [Map].

On 13 Dec 1893 James Hay Langham 11th Baronet (age 91) died without issue. His nephew Herbert Hay Langham 12th Baronet (age 53) succeeded 12th Baronet Langham of Cottesbrooke in Northamptonshire.

On 13 Dec 1908 Mary Charlotte Montagu-Douglas-Scott (age 57) died.

On 13 Dec 1909 Herbert Hay Langham 12th Baronet (age 69) died. His son Herbert Charles Arthur Langham 13th Baronet (age 39) succeeded 13th Baronet Langham of Cottesbrooke in Northamptonshire. Ethel Sarah Emerson-Tennent Lady Langham (age 38) by marriage Lady Langham of Cottesbrooke in Northamptonshire.

On 13 Dec 1918 Private PercyRooke Littlewood (age 33) died at Glasgow. The date and location here somewhat curious since it was after the armistice. No further information can be found.

On 13 Dec 1918 Edward Herbert Gascoyne-Cecil (age 51) died.

On 13 Dec 1925 Olivia Charlotte Hedges-White Baroness Ardilaun (age 75) died.

On 13 Dec 1935 Robert Eardley-Wilmot (age 86) died.

On 13 Dec 1950 Captain Archer Henry Corbet (age 83) died.

On 13 Dec 1955 Grace Gifford (age 67) died.

On 13 Dec 1958 Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia (age 68) died.

On 13 Dec 1960 Robert James (age 87) died.

On 13 Dec 1962 Katherine Alice Leveson-Gower (age 95) died.

On 13 Dec 1970 Marion Feodorovna Louise Glyn (age 70) died.

On 13 Dec 1975 Richard Wellesley 6th Earl Cowley (age 29) died. His uncle Garret Wellesley 7th Earl Cowley (age 41) succeeded 7th Earl Cowley, 7th Viscount Dangan of Meath, 8th Baron Cowley.

On 13 Dec 1999 Mary Cambridge (age 75) died.