On this Day in History ... 13th July

13 Jul is in July.

1174 Battle of Alnwick

1643 Battle of Roundway Down

1665 Great Plague of London

1683 Rye House Plot

1789 Storming of the Bastille

1985 Live Aid

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 13th July

On 15 Jun 923 Robert I King West Francia (age 57) died. On 13 Jul 923 his son-in-law Rudolph aka Raoul I King West Francia (age 33) was elected I King West Francia.

On 13 Jul 1174 an army commanded by Duncan II Earl of Fife entered Warkworth and set fire to the town, killing 300 of the inhabitants who had taken refuge in the church [Map].

On 13 Jul 1174 a small army commanded by Ranulf Glanville (age 62) with Hugh de Kevelioc Gernon 5th Earl Chester (age 27) surprised William "Lion" I King Scotland 1143-1214's army in a dawn raid known as the Battle of Alnwick near Alnwick, Northumberland [Map]. William "Lion" I King Scotland (age 31) was captured and imprisoned initially in Newcastle on Tyne Castle [Map]. He was subsequently moved to the more remote, and secure, Falaise Castle [Map].

On 13 Jul 1249 Alexander III King Scotland (age 7) was crowned III King Scotland at Scone Abbey [Map].

On 13 Jul 1465 James Harrington (age 35) assisted with the capture of the fugitive King Henry VI of England and II of France (age 43) by being the instrument of persuasion that induced Sir Thomas Talbot of Bashall, and Sir Richard Tempest of Bracewell, who were sheltering the King, to betray him, and received £66 and £100 for expenses and reward.

Diary of Edward VI. 13 Jul 1550. Sir Jhon Gatis sent into Essex to stope the going away of the ladie Marie (age 34), bicause it was credibly informed that Scipperus4 shuld stele her away to Antwerp, divers of her gentlemen were there, and Scipperus a litle befor came to see the landing placis.

Note 4. Scipperus (mentioned again by the King under the dates of the 27th July and 14th August) must have been a naval commander in the emperor's service. Sir John Hayward, misinterpreting the present passage, translates it, "Divers of her gentlemen departed thither (to Antwerp) before, and certain shippers (as they are termed) were discovered to view the English coast." (Life and Reign of King Edward VI.) "The emperor privately sent to England in July a certain Scepper, one of his principal councillors, for the purpose of carrying away the King's eldest sister, Mary (age 34); but, by God's blessing, the thing was discovered and prevented. Unless God had watched over his people, it would have been all over with them." Martin Micronius to Henry Bullinger, from London, Aug. 18, 1550, in Zurich Letters, ui. 568.

Chronicle of Queen Jane and Two Years of Queen Mary 1553. 13 Jul 1553. By this tyme worde was broughte to the quene (age 17) at the Tower [Map] that sir Edmonde Peckham (age 58), sir Edward Hastings (age 32), and the lorde Windsore (age 54), with others, were upp proclayming quene Mary (age 37) in Buckinghamshire.a

Note a. See the commissions addressed to several commanders to suppress the rebellion in Buckinghamshire, in the Catalogue of State Papers of the reign of queen Jane in the Appendix.

Chronicle of Queen Jane and Two Years of Queen Mary 1553. 13 Jul 1553. The xiij th daie ther cam dyverse gentyllmen with ther powers to quene Maries (age 37) suckour.

Chronicle of Queen Jane and Two Years of Queen Mary 1553. 13 Jul 1553. About this tyme or therabouts the vj. shippes that were sent to lie befor Yarmothe [Map], that if she had fled to have taken hir, was by force of wether dreven into the haven, w(h)er about that quarters one maister Gerningham was ray sing power on quene Maryes (age 37) behalfe, and hering therof came thether. Wherupon the captaynes toke a bote and went to their shipes. Then the marynours axed maister Gernyngham what he wolde have, and wether he wolde have their captaynes or no; and he said, "Yea, mary." Saide they, "Ye shall have theym, or els we shall throwe theym to the bottom of the sea." The captaynes, seing this perplexity, saide furthwith they wolde serve quene Mary gladlie; and so cam fourthe with their men, and convayed certeyn great ordenaunce; of the which comyng in of the shipes the lady Mary and hir company were wonderfull joyous, and then afterwarde doubted smaly the duke's puisance. And as the comyng of the shipes moche rejoyced quene Mary's party, even so was it as great a hart-sore to the duke (age 49), and all his campe, whose hartes wer all-redy bent agaynst him. But after once the submyssyon of the shipes was knowne in the Tower [Map]a eche man then began to pluck in his homes; and, over that, worde of a greater mischief was brought to the Tower the noblemen's tenauntes refused to serve their lordes agaynst quene Mary. The duke he thought long for his succours, and writ somewhat sharplie to the counsayll here in that behalfe, aswell for lacke of men as munytion: but a slender answer he had agayn.

Note a. This passage, together with those that follow, shows that the Chronicler was still writing in the Tower of London.

Chronicle of Queen Jane and Two Years of Queen Mary 1553. 13 Jul 1553. After the dyner the duke (age 49) went into the quene (age 17), wher his comyssion was by that tyme sealed for his liefetenantship of the armye, and ther he tooke his leave of hir; and so dyd certayn other lordes also. Then, as the duke cam thoroughe the counsayle chamber, he tooke his leave of the erle of Arundell (age 41), who praied God be with his grace; saying he was very sory yt was not his chaunce to go with him and beare him companye, in whose presence he coulde fynde in his harte to spende his bloode, even at his foote. Then my lorde of Arundell (age 41) tooke also my lordes boy Thomas Lovell (age 27) by the hande, and saide, "Farewell, gentyll Thomas (age 27), with all my harte." Then the duke cam downe, and the lorde marques (age 41),a my lorde Grey, with diverse other, and went out of the Tower and tooke their boote and went to Dyrrame Place or Whithall, wher that night they musteryd their company in names, and the next day in the morning the duke departed, to the nomber of vj c men or theraboutes. And as they went thoroughe Shordyshe [Map], saieth the duke to one that rid by him,b "The people precec to se us, but not one sayeth God spede us."

Note a. The marquess of Northampton (age 41).

Note b. Stowe has altered this to the lord Grey.

Note c. presse in Stowe.

On 13 Jul 1643 a Royalist cavalry force under Lord Wilmot (age 30) won a crushing victory over the Parliamentarian Army of the West under Sir William Waller (age 46) at Roundway Down Devizes, Wiltshire.

Maurice Palatinate Simmern (age 22) fought.

Pepy's Diary. 13 Jul 1660. Up early, the first day that I put on my black camlett coat with silver buttons. To Mr. Spong, whom I found in his night-down writing of my patent, and he had done as far as he could "for that &c". by 8 o'clock. It being done, we carried it to Worcester House to the Chancellor, where Mr. Kipps (a strange providence that he should now be in a condition to do me a kindness, which I never thought him capable of doing for me), got me the Chancellor's receipt to my bill; and so carried it to Mr. Beale (age 28) for a dockett; but he was very angry, and unwilling to do it, because he said it was ill writ (because I had got it writ by another hand, and not by him); but by much importunity I got Mr. Spong to go to his office and make an end of my patent; and in the mean time Mr. Beale (age 28) to be preparing my dockett, which being done, I did give him two pieces, after which it was strange how civil and tractable he was to me. From thence I went to the Navy office, where we despatched much business, and resolved of the houses for the Officers and Commissioners, which I was glad of, and I got leave to have a door made me into the leads. From thence, much troubled in mind about my patent, I went to Mr. Beale (age 28) again, who had now finished my patent and made it ready for the Seal, about an hour after I went to meet him at the Chancellor's. So I went away towards Westminster, and in my way met with Mr. Spong, and went with him to Mr. Lilly (age 41) and ate some bread and cheese, and drank with him, who still would be giving me council of getting my patent out, for fear of another change, and my Lord Montagu's fall. After that to Worcester House, where by Mr. Kipps's means, and my pressing in General Montagu's name to the Chancellor, I did, beyond all expectation, get my seal passed; and while it was doing in one room, I was forced to keep Sir G. Carteret (age 50) (who by chance met me there, ignorant of my business) in talk, while it was a doing. Went home and brought my wife with me into London, and some money, with which I paid Mr. Beale (age 28) £9 in all, and took my patent of him and went to my wife again, whom I had left in a coach at the door of Hinde Court, and presented her with my patent at which she was overjoyed; so to the Navy office, and showed her my house, and were both mightily pleased at all things there, and so to my business. So home with her, leaving her at her mother's door. I to my Lord's, where I dispatched an order for a ship to fetch Sir R. Honywood home, for which I got two pieces of my Lady Honywood by young Mr. Powell. Late writing letters; and great doings of music at the next house, which was Whally's; the King and Dukes there with Madame Palmer (age 19)1, a pretty woman that they have a fancy to, to make her husband a cuckold. Here at the old door that did go into his lodgings, my Lord, I, and W. Howe, did stand listening a great while to the music. After that home to bed. This day I should have been at Guildhall to have borne witness for my brother Hawly against Black Collar, but I could not, at which I was troubled. To bed with the greatest quiet of mind that I have had a great while, having ate nothing but a bit of bread and cheese at Lilly's (age 41) to-day, and a bit of bread and butter after I was a-bed.

Note 1. Barbara Villiers (age 19), only child of William, second Viscount Grandison, born November, 1640, married April 14th, 1659, to Roger Palmer (age 26), created Earl of Castlemaine, 1661. She became the King's (age 30) mistress soon after the Restoration, and was in 1670 made Lady Nonsuch, Countess of Southampton, and Duchess of Cleveland. She had six children by the King, one of them being created Duke of Grafton, and the eldest son succeeding her as Duke of Cleveland. She subsequently married Beau Fielding (age 10), whom she prosecuted for bigamy. She died October 9th, 1709, aged sixty-nine. Her life was written by G. Steinman Steinman, and privately printed 1871, with addenda 1874, and second addenda 1878.

Pepy's Diary. 13 Jul 1663. Thence by water to Whitehall, and so walked to St. James's, but missed Mr. Coventry (age 35). I met the Queen-Mother (age 53) walking in the Pell Mell [Map], led by my Lord St. Alban's (age 58). And finding many coaches at the Gate, I found upon enquiry that the Duchess (age 26) is brought to bed of a boy; and hearing that the King (age 33) and Queen (age 24) are rode abroad with the Ladies of Honour to the Park, and seeing a great crowd of gallants staying here to see their return, I also staid walking up and down, and among others spying a man like Mr. Pembleton (though I have little reason to think it should be he, speaking and discoursing long with my Lord D'Aubigne (age 43)), yet how my blood did rise in my face, and I fell into a sweat from my old jealousy and hate, which I pray God remove from me.

Pepy's Diary. 13 Jul 1665. There come to dinner, they haveing dined, but my Lady caused something to be brought for me, and I dined well and mighty merry, especially my Lady Slaning and I about eating of creame and brown bread, which she loves as much as I Thence after long discourse with them and my Lady alone, I and [my] wife, who by agreement met here, took leave, and I saw my wife a little way down (it troubling me that this absence makes us a little strange instead of more fond), and so parted, and I home to some letters, and then home to bed. Above 700 died of the plague this week.

Pepy's Diary. 13 Jul 1668. Thence to Reeves's, and there saw some, and bespoke a little perspective, and was mightily pleased with seeing objects in a dark room. And so to Cooper's (age 59), and spent the afternoon with them; and it will be an excellent picture.

Pepy's Diary. 13 Jul 1668. Up, and to my office, and thence by water to White Hall to attend the Council, but did not, and so home to dinner, and so out with my wife, and Deb., and W. Hewer (age 26) towards Cooper's (age 59), but I 'light and walked to Ducke Lane [Map], and there to the bookseller's; at the Bible, whose moher je have a mind to, but elle no erat dentro, but I did there look upon and buy some books, and made way for coming again to the man, which pleases me.

Evelyn's Diary. 13 Jul 1683. As I was visiting Sir Thomas Yarborough and his Lady, in Covent Garden [Map], the astonishing news was brought to us of the Earl of Essex (age 51) having cut his throat, having been but three days a prisoner in the Tower [Map], and this happened on the very day and instant that Lord Russell (age 43) was on his trial, and had sentence of death [See Rye House Plot.]. This accident exceedingly amazed me, my Lord Essex (age 51) being so well known by me to be a person of such sober and religious deportment, so well at his ease, and so much obliged to the King (age 53). It is certain the King (age 53) and Duke (age 49) were at the Tower, and passed by his window about the same time this morning, when my Lord (age 51) asking for a razor, shut himself into a closet, and perpetrated the horrid act. Yet it was wondered by some how it was possible he should do it in the manner he was found, for the wound was so deep and wide, that being cut through the gullet, windpipe, and both the jugulars, it reached to the very vertebræ of the neck, so that the head held to it by a very little skin as it were; the gapping too of the razor, and cutting his own fingers, was a little strange; but more, that having passed the jugulars he should have strength to proceed so far, that an executioner could hardly have done more with an ax. There were odd reflections upon it.

Evelyn's Diary. 13 Jul 1693. I saw the Queen's (age 31) rare cabinets and collection of china; which was wonderfully rich and plentiful, but especially a large cabinet, looking-glass frame and stands, all of amber, much of it white, with historical bas-reliefs and statues, with medals carved in them, esteemed worth £4,000, sent by the Duke of Brandenburgh, whose country, Prussia, abounds with amber, cast up by the sea; divers other China and Indian cabinets, screens, and hangings. In her library were many books in English, French, and Dutch, of all sorts; a cupboard of gold plate; a cabinet of silver filagree, which I think was our Queen Mary's, and which, in my opinion, should have been generously sent to her.

After 13 Jul 1702. Memorial to George Vernon (deceased) and his daughter Anna-Catherina Vernon at All Saints Church, Sudbury [Map].

Anna-Catherina Vernon: he was born to George Vernon and Margaret Onley. On 30 Jun 1744 Anna-Catherina Vernon died

On 13 Jul 1789 Clotworthy Skeffington 2nd Earl Massereene (age 47) was freed when a mob freed the prisoners at La Force Prison a day before the Storming of the Bastille.

On 13 Jul 1807 Cardinal Henry Benedict Stewart (age 82) died.

On 13 Jul 1811 George Gilbert Scott was born.

On 13 Jul 1831 James Northcote (age 84) died.

End Low. On the 13th of July we re-opened the large barrow at End Low [Map], which was first attempted in 1843, without our finding the primary interment. Our researches this time resulted in the discovery of the remains of the original occupant, which were, after the expenditure of much labour, found in a cist cut down in the rock to the depth of six feet beneath the natural surface, and upwards of ten feet from the top of the barrow. The skeleton was that of a finely proportioned man, rather above the middle size, and was in good preservation, with the exception of the head, which was decayed at the left side, from contact with the floor of the grave. The bones lay apparently without much regularity, which was attribute able to the settling down of the stones upon the body during the process of decay. At a small distance from them was a bronze dagger and spear head of flint, of a grey colour. The grave was bounded on three sides by rock, and the remaining one was walled up to a level with them with loose limestones. The skull is engraved in the Crania Britannica, and is described by the learned writer as "a well-formed head, presenting very clearly the conformation of the true ancient British cranium, of which it may be regarded as belonging to the typical scries." The femur measures 18.8 inches.

On 13 Jul 1880 Emma Howard (age 61) died. She was buried at St Lawrence's Church, Denton.

Emma Howard: On 20 Sep 1818 she was born to John Howard and Elizabeth m Howard.

On 13 Jul 1889 Louise Mountbatten Queen Consort Sweden was born to Prince Louis of Battenburg 1st Marquess Milford Haven (age 35) and Victoria Hesse Darmstadt Marchioness Milford Haven (age 26). She a great granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.61%.

On 13 Jul 1985 Live Aid was two Concerts held in London and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania which raised around £150 million for famine relief.

Births on the 13th July

On 13 Jul 1388 Blanche Aviz was born to King John I of Portugal (age 36) and Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Portugal (age 28). She a great granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 13 Jul 1426 Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick was born to Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick (age 44) and Isabel Despencer Countess Warwick and Worcester (age 25) at Caversham Castle [Map]. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

Around 13 Jul 1436 William Troutbeck was born to John Troutbeck (age 24).

On 13 Jul 1590 Pope Clement X was born.

On 13 Jul 1597 Dorothea Sibylle Oldenburg was born to John "Younger" Oldenburg Duke Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg (age 52) and Agnes Hedwig of Anhalt (age 24).

On 13 Jul 1608 Ferdinand III Habsburg Spain was born to Ferdinand of Spain II Holy Roman Emperor (age 30) and Maria Anna Wittelsbach Holy Roman Empress (age 33). Coefficient of inbreeding 11.68%.

On 13 Jul 1623 Thomas Radclyffe was born to George Radclyffe of Overthorpe (age 30).

On 13 Jul 1626 Letitia Hicks Countess Donegal was born to William Hicks 1st Baronet (age 30) and Margaret Paget Lady Beverston (age 22).

On or before 13 Jul 1668 Thomas Chiffinch was born to Thomas Chiffinch (age 30). On 31 Jul 1668 he was baptised at St Margaret's Church, Westminster [Map].

On or before 13 Jul 1718 Charles Dalston 4th Baronet was born to Charles Dalston 3rd Baronet.

On 13 Jul 1751 George Mason Villiers 2nd Earl Grandison was born to Alan Mason Viscount Grandison and Elizabeth Fitzgerald Villiers 1st Countess Grandison.

On 13 Jul 1765 Richard Cavendish 2nd Baron Waterpark was born to Henry Cavendish 2nd Baronet (age 32) and Sarah Bradshaw 1st Baroness Waterpark (age 24).

On 13 Jul 1770 Andrew Fountaine was born to Brigg Price and Mary Hogge.

On 13 Jul 1782 Maj Gen Thomas William Taylor was born.

On 13 Jul 1783 Augustus Duke of Oldenburg was born to Peter I Grand Duke of Oldenburg (age 28) and Duchess Frederica of Württemberg (age 17). He a great x 3 grandson of King George I of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 13 Jul 1784 George Waldegrave 5th Earl Waldegrave was born to George Waldegrave 4th Earl Waldegrave (age 32) and Elizabeth Laura Waldegrave Countess Waldegrave (age 24). He a great x 3 grandson of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland. Coefficient of inbreeding 6.27%.

On 13 Jul 1785 Thomas Haggerston 6th Baronet was born to Thomas Haggerston.

On 13 Jul 1796 Edward Lascelles was born to Henry Lascelles 2nd Earl Harewood (age 28) and Henrietta Sebright Countess Harewood.

On 13 Jul 1798 Charlotte Hohenzollern was born to Frederick William II King Prussia (age 27). She a great x 3 granddaughter of King George I of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 13 Jul 1811 George Gilbert Scott was born.

On 13 Jul 1832 Thomas Roe 1st Baron Roe was born.

On 13 Jul 1853 Henry Abdy 4th Baronet was born to Thomas Neville Abdy 1st Baronet (age 42) and Harriet Alston.

On 13 Jul 1866 John Richard Geers Cotterell 4th Baronet was born.

On 13 Jul 1877 Arthur Orlando Wolstan Cecil Weld-Forester was born to Cecil Weld-Forester 5th Baron Forester (age 34) with his twin brother.

On 13 Jul 1884 Jean Templeton Reid was born.

On 13 Jul 1889 Louise Mountbatten Queen Consort Sweden was born to Prince Louis of Battenburg 1st Marquess Milford Haven (age 35) and Victoria Hesse Darmstadt Marchioness Milford Haven (age 26). She a great granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.61%.

On 13 Jul 1923 Charles Oliver Edward Fitzroy was born to Charles Alfred Euston Fitzroy 10th Duke Grafton (age 31) and Doreen Buxton Duchess Grafton (age 25).

On 13 Jul 1927 Peter Waldo Somerset Gough-Calthorpe 10th Baron Calthorpe was born to Frederick Somerset Gough-Calthorpe (age 35) and Rose Mary Dorothy Vernon-Harcourt.

On 13 Jul 1943 Timothy Byng 11th Viscount Torrington was born to George Byng (age 25).

Marriages on the 13th July

After 13 Jul 1494 Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire (age 24) and Margaret Grey Countess Wiltshire were married. She by marriage Earl Wiltshire. He the son of John Stafford 1st Earl Wiltshire and Constance Green Countess Wiltshire. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III of England.

Before 13 Jul 1626 William Hicks 1st Baronet (age 30) and Margaret Paget Lady Beverston (age 22) were married. She by marriage Lady Hicks of Beverston in Gloucestershire.

After 13 Jul 1640 James Home 3rd Earl of Home (age 25) and Jean Douglas Countess Home were married. She the daughter of Robert Douglas 8th Earl Morton (age 24).

On 13 Jul 1671 Vere Fane 4th Earl of Westmoreland (age 26) and Rachel Bence Countess of Westmoreland were married. He the son of Mildmay Fane 2nd Earl of Westmoreland and Mary Vere Countess of Westmoreland.

On 13 Jul 1683 James Cecil 4th Earl Salisbury (age 17) and Frances Bennett Countess of Salisbury (age 12) were married. She by marriage Countess Salisbury. Her father had left his daughters £20,000 in his will, subject to their not marrying before the age of sixteen or without the consent of those he named, with the proviso that the legacy of a daughter doing so was to be reduced to £10,000. Frances Bennett married Salisbury before she was sixteen, but with the consent of the Executors to the will, and this later led to litigation. He the son of James Cecil 3rd Earl Salisbury and Margaret Manners Countess of Salisbury.

On 13 Jul 1784 Bishop George Henry Law (age 22) and Jane Adeane were married.

On 13 Jul 1795 Arthur Hill-Trevor 2nd Viscount Dungannon (age 31) and Charlotte Fitzroy Viscountess Dungannon (age 28) were married at her father's house on Stanhope Street. She by marriage Viscountess Dungannon. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 13 Jul 1817 Tsar Nicholas I of Russia (age 21) and Charlotte Hohenzollern (age 19) were married. She the daughter of Frederick William II King Prussia (age 46). They were third cousins. He a great x 3 grandson of King George I of Great Britain and Ireland. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King George I of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 13 Jul 1831 George Nugent 2nd Baronet (age 28) and Maria Charlotte Ridley-Colborne Lady Nugent were married.

On 13 Jul 1836 Henry Cadogan 4th Earl Cadogan (age 24) and Mary Sarah Wellesley Countess Cadogan (age 27) were married at Durham Cathedral [Map]. He the son of George Cadogan 3rd Earl Cadogan (age 53). They were first cousins.

On 13 Jul 1841 William Edmonstone 4th Baronet (age 31) and Mary Elizabeth Parsons (age 18) were married at Zakynthos, Greece. They had eleven children of which nine survived to adulthood.

On 13 Jul 1865 Charles Balfour (age 41) and Minnie Georgiana Liddell (age 17) were married. The difference in their ages was 24 years.

Before 13 Jul 1875 Rodland Hassall and Elizabeth Jane Roberts were married.

On 13 Jul 1967 Nicholas Hohenzollern Sigmaringen (age 63) and Thereza Lisboa Figueira Mello were married at Lausanne. He a great grandson of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

Deaths on the 13th July

On 15 Jun 923 Robert I King West Francia (age 57) died. On 13 Jul 923 his son-in-law Rudolph aka Raoul I King West Francia (age 33) was elected I King West Francia.

On 13 Jul 1205 Archbishop Hubert Walter (age 45) died.

Before 13 Jul 1316 Roger Moels 3rd Baron Moels (age 26) died. His brother John Moels 4th Baron Moels succeeded 4th Baron Moels although he was never summoned to Parliament. Joan Lovel Baroness Maynard (age 19) by marriage Baroness Moels.

On 13 Jul 1347 Joan de Mauley (age 82) died.

On 13 Jul 1374 John Charleton 3rd Baron Cherleton (age 38) died. His son John Charleton 4th Baron Cherleton (age 12) succeeded 4th Baron Cherleton.

On 13 Jul 1377 Peter Cornwall (age 58) died.

On 13 Jul 1387 Elizabeth Holland died.

On 13 Jul 1389 Elizabeth Despencer Baroness Berkeley (age 64) died.

On 13 Jul 1472 Thomas Throckmorton (age 60) died.

On 13 Jul 1480 Margaret Welles (age 48) died.

On 13 Jul 1484 Thomas Lewknor of Trotton (age 39) died.

On 13 Jul 1491 Afonso Aviz (age 16) died.

On 13 Jul 1497 Joan Fouleshurst (age 60) died.

On 13 Jul 1497 Ralph Vernon (age 60) died.

On 13 Jul 1498 Ralph Vernon (age 68) died at Shipbrook.

On 13 Jul 1501 Margaret of Thuringia (age 52) died.

On 09 Jun 1511 William Courtenay 1st Earl Devon (age 36) died of pleurisy. His son Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter (age 15) succeeded 2nd Earl Devon. His widow Catherine York Countess Devon (age 31) subsequently took a vow of celibacy in the presence of Bishop Richard Fitzjames on 13 Jul 1511.

On 13 Jul 1530 Ferdinand Habsburg Spain died.

Between 27 Nov 1547 and 13 Jul 1548 James Ogilvy 4th Lord Ogilvy of Airlie died. His grandson James Ogilvy 5th Lord Ogilvy of Airlie (age 6) succeeded 5th Lord Ogilvy of Airlie.

On 13 Jul 1551 John Wallop (age 61) died of sweating sickness.

On 13 Jul 1551 Anthony Bourchier (age 30) died.

On 13 Jul 1566 Thomas Hoby (age 36) died at Paris [Map]. He was buried at Bisham.

On 13 Jul 1566 John Lindsay (age 46) died.

On 13 Jul 1585 Edmund Cornwall 10th Baron Burford (age 50) died unmarried. His brother Thomas Cornwall 11th Baron Burford (age 47) succeeded 11th Baron Burford. Katherine Harley Baroness Cornwall (age 46) by marriage Baroness Burford.

On 13 Jan 1593 or 13 Jul 1593 Henry Neville (age 73) died.

On 13 Jul 1594 George Vaux (age 29) died.

Around 13 Jul 1612 John Abernethy 8th Lord Saltoun (age 35) died. His son Alexander Abernethy 9th Lord Saltoun (age 1) succeeded 9th Lord Saltoun.

On 13 Jul 1621 Albert Habsburg Spain VII Archduke Austria (age 61) died.

On 13 Jul 1624 Herbert Pelham (age 44) died.

On 13 Jul 1663 Thomas Myddelton 1st Baronet (age 38) died. His son Thomas Myddelton 2nd Baronet (age 12) succeeded 2nd Baronet Myddelton of Chirk Castle.

On 13 Jul 1672 Captain Henry Cooke Singer (age 56) died.

On 13 Jul 1673 Robert Long 1st Baronet (age 73) died unmarried. His nephew James Long 2nd Baronet (age 56) succeeded 2nd Baronet Long of Westminster in London.

On 13 Jul 1683 Arthur Capell 1st Earl Essex (age 51) committed suicide at the Tower of London [Map]. He was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London [Map]. He was said to have been discovered in his chamber with his throat cut whilst awaiting execution for treason. His son Algernon Capell 2nd Earl Essex (age 12) succeeded 2nd Earl Essex.

On 13 Jul 1698 Charles Somerset Marquess Worcester (age 37) died.

On 13 Jul 1702 George Vernon (age 67) died.

On 13 Jul 1720 William Gordon aka Sutherland (age 36) died.

On 13 Jul 1721 William Villiers 2nd Earl Jersey (age 39) died. His son William Villiers 3rd Earl Jersey (age 14) succeeded 3rd Earl Jersey, 3rd Viscount Villiers, 3rd Baron Villiers.

On 13 Jul 1723 Elizabeth Pelham (age 73) died.

On 13 Jul 1724 Richard Levinge (age 68) died.

On 13 Jul 1731 Goodith Smith (age 72) died.

On 13 Jul 1737 Wilfrid Lawson 3rd Baronet (age 40) died. His son Wilfrid Lawson 4th Baronet (age 5) succeeded 4th Baronet Lawson of Isel Hall in Cumbria.

On 13 Jul 1797 Bacon Bedingfield (age 51) died in Bath, Somerset [Map].

On 13 Jul 1801 Winifred Maxwell (age 65) died.

On 13 Jul 1802 Sophia Baxter Viscountess Cullen died.

On 13 Jul 1807 Anne Warren Baroness Southampton (age 69) died.

On 13 Jul 1807 Cardinal Henry Benedict Stewart (age 82) died.

On 13 Jul 1811 Juliana Smyth died.

On 13 Jul 1831 James Northcote (age 84) died.

On 13 Jul 1837 William Hare 1st Earl Listowel (age 85) died. His grandson William Hare 2nd Earl Listowel (age 35) succeeded 2nd Earl Listowel in County Kerry. Maria Augusta Windham Countess Listowel (age 32) by marriage Countess Listowel in County Kerry.

On 13 Jul 1842 Robert Wilmot 3rd Baronet (age 77) died. His son Henry Sacheverell Wilmot 4th Baronet (age 41) succeeded 4th Baronet Wilmot of Chaddesden in Derbyshire.

On 13 Jul 1859 Hannah Smith (age 55) died. She was buried in the Parochial Cemetery, Paddington.

On 13 Jul 1864 Mary Fitzclarence (age 65) died.

On 13 Jul 1869 Henry Labouchere 1st Baron Taunton (age 70) died at Belgrave Square Belgravia. He was buried at Over Stowey, Somerset.

On 13 Jul 1875 Elizabeth Jane Roberts died. She was buried at Braidwood Cemetery, New South Wales.

On 13 Jul 1878 Venerable Carew Antony St John Milmay (age 78) died.

On 13 Jul 1880 Emma Howard (age 61) died. She was buried at St Lawrence's Church, Denton.

Emma Howard: On 20 Sep 1818 she was born to John Howard and Elizabeth m Howard.

On 13 Jul 1898 Arthur Chichester 8th Baronet (age 75) died. His son Edward Chichester 9th Baronet (age 48) succeeded 9th Baronet Chichester of Raleigh in Devon.

On 13 Jul 1908 Matthew Wood 4th Baronet (age 50) died without issue. His brother John Page Wood 5th Baronet (age 48) succeeded 5th Baronet Wood of Hatherley House in Gloucestershire.

On 13 Jul 1918 Second Lieutenant Oda Louis David Mackay Simpson (age 33) was killed in action at Ridge Wood Ypres. He was unmarried. He was buried at Nine Elms British Cemetery Poperinghe Ypres Plot XIV. Row A, Grave 8.

On 28 Jul 1923 Doreen Buxton Duchess Grafton (age 25) died from childbirth after giving birth to her third child Charles Oliver Edward Fitzroy on 13 Jul 1923.

On 13 Jul 1934 Robert Godfrey de Bohun Devereux (age 39) died.

On 13 Jul 1934 Caroline Elizabeth Lawley (age 86) died.

On 13 Jul 1965 George Wentworth Warwick Bampfylde 4th Baron Poltimore (age 83) died. He was buried at Benwell, Southern Rhodesia, Africa. A memorial stone bench exists in the Bampfylde Memorial Garden created for his son in the churchyard of All Saints' Church, North Molton, next to Court House, his manor house, to which is affixed a tablet inscribed: "In loving memory of George Wentworth Warwick Bampfylde the 4th Baron Poltimore 1882–1965 and his wife Cynthia Rachael 1885–1961 who were laid to rest at Benwell Southern Rhodesia". His brother Arthur Blackett Warwick Bampfylde 5th Baron Poltimore (age 82) succeeded 5th Baron Politmore, 10th Baronet Bampfylde of Poltimore in Devon.

On 13 Jul 1966 Beatrice Windsor Duchess Galliera (age 82) died at El Botánico.

On 13 Jul 1997 Zinnia Rosemary Denison (age 59) died.