On this Day in History ... 14 September

14 Sep is in September.

1402 Battle of Homildon Hill

1435 Death of John of Bedford

1613 Thomas Overbury Murder and Trial of his Murderers

1665 Great Plague of London

1665 Battle of Vågen

1666 Great Fire of London

1705 Siege of Barcelona

1752 Date Change

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. and Osred, who had been king of the Northumbrians, returning home after his exile, was apprehended and slain, on the eighteenth day before the calends of October. His body is deposited at Tinemouth. Ethelred (age 32) this year, on the third day before the calends of October, took unto himself a new wife, whose name was Ælfflæd Queen of Mercia.

Before 14 Sep 1125 Hugh Blois Count Champagne and Constance Capet Countess Champagne (age 47) were married. Constance Capet Countess Champagne by marriage Countess Champagne. She the daughter of Philip "Amorous" I King France and Bertha Gerulfing Queen Consort France. He the son of Theobald Blois III Count Blois and Adela Valois Countess Blois and Vermandois.

After 14 Sep 1125 Hugh Blois Count Champagne and Isabella Ivrea Countess Champagne were married. Isabella Ivrea Countess Champagne by marriage Countess Champagne. She the daughter of Stephen Ivrea I Count Burgundy and Beatrice Metz Countess Burgundy. He the son of Theobald Blois III Count Blois and Adela Valois Countess Blois and Vermandois.

Before 14 Sep 1243 John Plessis Earl Warwick and Margaret Beaumont 7th Countess Warwick were married. He by marriage Earl Warwick 1C 1088. She the daughter of Henry Beaumont 5th Earl Warwick and Margaret Oili.

Before 14 Sep 1246 John Fitzalan 6th Earl Arundel (age 23) and Maud Verdun Countess Arundel (age 21) were married. Maud Verdun Countess Arundel by marriage Countess Arundel Sussex. He a great x 4 grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England.

On 14 Sep 1251 Fulk Fitzwarin 1st Baron Fitzwarin was born to Fulk IV Fitzwarin (age 31) and Constance Tosny (age 18).

Before 14 Sep 1276 Hugh Courtenay 3rd Baron Okehampton (age 25) and Eleanor Despencer Baroness Okehampton (age 18) were married. She by marriage Baroness Okehampton. He a great x 4 grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England.

Battle of Homildon Hill

On 14 Sep 1402 Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland (age 60) and his son Henry "Hotspur" Percy (age 38) lay in wait at Homildon Hill [Map] for the Scots to return from their laying waste to Northumberland. The Battle of Homildon Hill was a victory for the English forces whose longbowmen decimated the Scottish schiltrons. Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh (age 44) fought for the English.

John Swinton was killed.

Thomas Dunbar 2nd Earl Moray (age 31) and Henry Sinclair 2nd Earl Orkney (age 27) were captured.

Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine (age 30) was wounded. Henry IV King England (age 35) forbade the ransoming of Scottish prisoners so that he could concentrate on the Welsh. By doing so he created a rift with the Percy family who subsequently defected to Owain ap Gruffudd Glyndŵr (age 43).

William Stewart of Jedworth and Teviotdale (age 46) was executed by Henry "Hotspur" Percy (age 38) having been captured.

John Stewart 1st of Dalswinton and Garlies (age 32) fought at the Battle of Homildon Hill.

William Stewart of Jedworth and Teviotdale: In 1356 he was born to Alexander Stewart of Darnley (age 14) and Janet Turnbull (age 24) at Darnley Castle.

John Stewart 1st of Dalswinton and Garlies: Around 1370 he was born to William Stewart of Jedworth and Teviotdale (age 14). Between 17 Oct 1396 and 28 Oct 1420 John Stewart 1st of Dalswinton and Garlies and Marion Stewart (age 12) were married. They were fourth cousins. Before 1420 John Stewart 1st of Dalswinton and Garlies (age 50) was created 1st Lord Garlies. Around 1420 John Stewart 1st of Dalswinton and Garlies (age 50) was killed in action. His son William Stewart 2nd of Dalswinton and Garlies (age 23) succeeded 2nd Lord Garlies.

On 14 Sep 1404 Albert Habsburg IV Duke Austria (age 26) died.

After 14 Sep 1430 James Tuchet 5th Baron Audley, 2nd Baron Tuchet (age 32) and Eleanor Holland Baroness Audley Heighley (age 24) were married. She by marriage Baroness Audley of Heighley in Staffordshire, Baroness Tuchet. She the daughter of Edmund Holland 4th Earl Kent and Constance York Countess Gloucester. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

Death of John of Bedford

On 14 Sep 1435 John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford (age 46) died at Rouen Castle [Map] without legitimate issue. Duke Bedford 1C 1414, Duke Bedford 2C 1433, Earl Kendal 1C 1414 and Earl Richmond 6C 1414 extinct. Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester (age 44) became heir to the throne.

Chronicle of Gregory 1435. 14 Sep 1435. Ande that same yere, the xiiij day of Septembyr, deyde the Duke of Bedforde (age 46), Regaunte of alle Fraunce, in the castelle of Rone [Map], bytwyne ij and iij in the mornynge; and hys body ys buryde in Nostre Dame Chyrche of Roone [Map]. And of hys soule ande alle Crystyn soulys God have marcy, Amen.

On 14 Sep 1476 Ferdinand I King Naples (age 53) and Joanna of Aragon Queen Consort Naples (age 22) were married. Joanna of Aragon Queen Consort Naples by marriage Queen Consort Naples. The difference in their ages was 30 years. She the daughter of John II King Aragon (age 78) and Juana Enríquez Queen Consort Aragon. He the son of Alfonso V King Aragon and Giralda Carlino. They were first cousins.

On or before 14 Sep 1590 Thomas Savile 1st Earl of Sussex was born to John Savile 1st Baron Savile (age 34) and Elizabeth Carey Baroness Savile (age 20). He was baptised at St Peter's Church, Doddington [Map] on 14 Sep 1590.


Thomas Overbury Murder and Trial of his Murderers

1665 Battle of Vågen

Pepy's Diary. 14 Sep 1665. Down to the office, and there wrote letters to and again about this good newes of our victory, and so by water home late. Where, when I come home I spent some thoughts upon the occurrences of this day, giving matter for as much content on one hand and melancholy on another, as any day in all my life. For the first; the finding of my money and plate, and all safe at London, and speeding in my business of money this day.

Pepy's Diary. 14 Sep 1665. To hear that poor Payne, my waiter, hath buried a child, and is dying himself. To hear that a labourer I sent but the other day to Dagenhams, to know how they did there, is dead of the plague; and that one of my own watermen, that carried me daily, fell sick as soon as he had landed me on Friday morning last, when I had been all night upon the water (and I believe he did get his infection that day at Brainford), and is now dead of the plague. To hear that Captain Lambert and Cuttle are killed in the taking these ships; and that Mr. Sidney Montague is sick of a desperate fever at my Baroness Carteret's (age 63), at Scott's-hall. To hear that Mr. Lewes hath another daughter sick.

Great Plague of London

Pepy's Diary. 14 Sep 1665. Up, and walked to Greenwich [Map], and there fitted myself in several businesses to go to London, where I have not been now a pretty while. But before I went from the office newes is brought by word of mouth that letters are now just now brought from the fleete of our taking a great many more of the Dutch fleete, in which I did never more plainly see my command of my temper in my not admitting myself to receive any kind of joy from it till I had heard the certainty of it, and therefore went by water directly to the Duke of Albemarle (age 56), where I find a letter of the Lath from Solebay [Map], from my Lord Sandwich (age 40), of the fleete's meeting with about eighteen more of the Dutch fleete, and his taking of most of them; and the messenger says, they had taken three after the letter was wrote and sealed; which being twenty-one, and the fourteen took the other day, is forty-five sail; some of which are good, and others rich ships, which is so great a cause of joy in us all that my Lord and everybody is highly joyed thereat. And having taken a copy of my Lord's letter, I away back again to the Beare [Map] at the bridge foot, being full of wind and out of order, and there called for a biscuit and a piece of cheese and gill of sacke, being forced to walk over the Bridge [Map], toward the 'Change [Map], and the plague being all thereabouts.

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Great Fire of London

Calendars. 14 Sep 1666. 111. Whitby. Thomas Waade to Williamson. The destruction of London by fire is reported to be a hellish contrivance of the French, Hollanders, and fanatic party. At the first notice of it there, the trained bands were in arms, those for the North Rriding endezvousing at Malton, Sir Jordan Crosland's regiment at Easingwold, and Sir Thomas Strickland's foot company was sent to guard Whitby. The coun- try being alarmed with the men-of-war, Alderman Shipton of Lythe raised 200 men ina moment, with such arms as they could get who were very willing to engage the enemy if they durst land, but seeing such a flocking of people, they weighed anchor, and are cruising off, expecting laden colliers from Newcastle or Sunderland.

On 14 Sep 1691 Robert Sutton 2nd Baron Lexinton (age 29) and Margaret Hungerford Baroness Lexington were married. She by marriage Baroness Lexinton.

Siege of Barcelona

Between 14 Sep 1705 and 19 Oct 1705 a multinational Grand Alliance army led by Lord Peterborough (age 47) captured the city of Barcelona from its Spanish defenders, most of whom then joined the Grand Aliance army.

On 13 Sep 1705 Prince George of Hesse Darmstadt (age 36) was killed.


On or before 14 Sep 1710 Ferdinando Dudley Lea 11th Baron Dudley was born to William Lea (age 33) and Frances Ward (age 22). He was baptised on 14 Sep 1710.

On 14 Sep 1711 Henry Somerset 2nd Duke Beaufort (age 27) and Mary Osborne Duchess Beaufort (age 23) were married. She by marriage Duchess Beaufort. She the daughter of Peregrine Osborne 2nd Duke Leeds (age 52) and Bridget Hyde Duchess Leeds (age 49).


On 14 Sep 1723 George Cholmondeley 3rd Earl Cholmondeley (age 20) and Mary Walpole were married. She the daughter of Robert Walpole 1st Earl Orford (age 47). He the son of George Cholmondeley 2nd Earl Cholmondeley (age 57) and Elisabeth van Ruytenburgh Baroness Newborough and Newburgh.

PAINTINGS/STUKELEY/DevilsArrows.png14 Sep 1725. Drawing of the The Devil's Arrow's [Map] by William Stukeley (age 37).

On 14 Sep 1733 John Hope 2nd Earl Hopetoun (age 29) and Anne Ogilvy Countess Hopetoun (age 23) were married. She the daughter of James Ogilvy 5th Earl Findlater 2nd Earl Seafield (age 44) and Elizabeth Hay. He the son of Charles Hope 1st Earl Hopetoun (age 52) and Henrietta Johnstone (age 50).

On 14 Sep 1749 Field Marshal Richard Temple 1st Viscount Cobham (age 73) died without surviving issue. His sister Hester Temple 1st Countess Temple (age 59) succeeded 2nd Viscountess Cobham by special remainder. Baron Cobham 6C 1714 extinct. His second cousin once removed William Temple 5th Baronet (age 55) succeeded 5th Baronet Temple of Stowe.

On 14 Sep 1751 Thomas Lyttelton 4th Baronet (age 65) died. His son George Lyttelton 1st Baron Lyttelton (age 42) succeeded 5th Baronet Lyttelton of Frankley.


1752 Date Change

On 02 Sep 1752 Great Britain and Ireland adopted the Gregorian Calendar and corrected the date losing eleven days. Wednesday 02 Sep 1752 was followed by Thursday 14 Sep 1752. The tax year requiring 365 days slipped from commencing on 25 March, Lady Day, to 05 April as a consequence.

On 30 Jun 1753 George Strode of Parnham died. On 14 Sep 1746 Catherine Brodrepp died. Monument in Church of St Mary Beaminster [Map]. Classical Period.

Probably by Peter Scheemakers (age 62), erected by Thomas Strode, brother of George, with reclining figures of a man and woman on a sarcophagus and on either side standing allegorical figures one with a cornucopia the other an anchor, above is an achievement-of-arms.

George Strode of Parnham: George Strode of Parnham and Catherine Brodrepp were married. He was born to Thomas Strode of Parnham.

Catherine Brodrepp: She was born to Richard Brodrepp of Maperton.

Thomas Strdode of Parnham: He was born to Thomas Strode of Parnham.

On 14 Sep 1802 George Ives Irby 4th Baron Boston was born to George Irby 3rd Baron Boston (age 24) and Rachel Ives Drake Baroness Boston (age 19).

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On 14 Sep 1849 Paul Methuen 1st Baron Methuen (age 70) died. His son Frederick Methuen 2nd Baron Methuen (age 31) succeeded 2nd Baron Methuen of Corsham in Wiltshire. Anna Horatia Sanford Baroness Methuen by marriage Baroness Methuen of Corsham in Wiltshire.

On 14 Sep 1851 John Hely-Hutchinson 3rd Earl of Donoughmore (age 64) died.

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On 14 Sep 1867 Adelbert Salusbury Cockayne-Cust 5th Baron Brownlow was born to Henry Cockayne-Cust (age 47) and Sara Jane Cookson. His mother Sara Jane Cookson died in childbirth.

On 14 Sep 1879 Bishop Charles Baring (age 72) died at Wimbledon, Surrey. He was buried at Holy Innocents Church High Beach.

On 14 Sep 1904 Geoffrey Duke Coleridge 3rd Baron Coleridge (age 27) and Mary aka Jessie Alethea Mackarness Baroness Coleridge (age 24) were married at St Michael's Church, Sandhurst. They were half second cousins.

On 14 Sep 1938 David Verney 29th Baron Latimer 21st Baron Willoughby de Broke was born to John Verney 28th Baron Latimer 20th Baron Willoughby de Broke (age 42).

After 14 Sep 1997. Church of St Mary Narford [Map]. Grave of Andrew Douglas Algernon Fountaine (deceased) and Rosemary Mitcham (age 65).

Andrew Douglas Algernon Fountaine: On 07 Dec 1918 he was born to Vice Admiral Charles Andrew Fountaine (age 39) and Louisa Constance Catherine Maclean at Narford Hall. On 24 Mar 1946 Vice Admiral Charles Andrew Fountaine (age 66) died. His son Andrew Douglas Algernon Fountaine (age 27) inherited Narford Hall. Before 14 Sep 1997 Andrew Douglas Algernon Fountaine (age 78) and Rosemary Mitcham (age 65) were married. On 14 Sep 1997 Andrew Douglas Algernon Fountaine (age 78) died of cancer possibly at Swaffham Hospital otherwise at Narford Hall without issue. His brother John Brigg Charles Fountaine (age 74) inherited Narford Hall.