On this Day in History ... 15th July

15 Jul is in July.

1381 Peasants' Revolt

1551 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

1658 Lord Ross Divorce

1661 Great Plague of London

1683 Rye House Plot

1685 Execution of the Duke of Monmouth

Events on the 15th July

On 15 Jul 1291 Rudolph I King Romans (age 73) died at Speyer. He was buried at Speyer Cathedral.

On 15 Jul 1299 Eric II King Norway (age 31) died. His brother King Haakon V (age 29) succeeded V King Norway. Euphemia of Rügen Queen Norway (age 19) by marriage Queen Norway.

On 15 Jul 1381 John Ball was hanged, drawn and quartered in St Albans, Hertfordshire [Map] in the presence of King Richard II of England (age 14).

On 15 Jul 1445 Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland (age 41) died at Dunbar Castle, Dunbar. She was buried at Perth Charterhouse.

Calendars. 15 Jul 1483 Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham (age 28) was appointed Constable of England. King Richard III of England (age 30). Westminster Palace [Map]. Grant for life to the king's kinsman Henry, Duke of Buckingham (age 28), of divers specified offices and powers in North and South Wales and the marches.

The like to the same of the office of constable of England, with the accustomed fees. By p.s.

Letters and Papers 1529. 16 Jul 1529. 5778. The Divorce. i. Deposition of Mary (age 31) wife of Henry Bourchier Earl of Essex, taken at Stanstede, on Thursday, 15 July 1529, in the presence of Robert Johnson, notary public (of Norwich diocese). Her age is 44 years and over. She says that prince Arthur and Catharine (age 43) lived as man and wife together; that the two occupied the same bed after the wedding, at London House, and were generally reputed as man and wife.

ii. Deposition of Agnes (age 52) widow of Thomas late Duke of Norfolk, taken on Friday, 16 July 1529, in the church of St. Mary [Map], of the Cluniac priory of Thetford, by Sampson Mychell, canon, in the presence of John [Fletcher] and [William] Molyneux, M.A., her chaplain. Her age is 52 years and over. She knew Henry VII. and his Queen Elizabeth from the time she was 15, and remembers Catharine coming from Spain, and the marriage of Arthur and Catharine in St. Paul's. "He was then about the stature that the young [earl of] Derby is now at, but not fully so high as the same Earl is." Also, that the said Prince Arthur and [princess Ka]theryne (age 43), now being Queen, were brought to bed the next night after the said marriage; for this deponent did see them lie... me in one bed the same night, in a chamber within the said palace being prepared for them, and that this deponent left them so [lying to]gether there the said night.

On 14 Jul 1551 the two Brandon brothers died of sweating sickness at the Bishop of Lincoln's Palace, Buckden [Map]. They were buried at St Mary's Church, Buckden [Map].

Henry Brandon 2nd Duke of Suffolk (age 15) died of sweating sickness . His brother Charles Brandon 3rd Duke of Suffolk (age 14) succeeded 3rd Duke Suffolk.

Charles Brandon 3rd Duke of Suffolk (age 14) died of sweating sickness an hour or so after his brother. Duke Suffolk extinct.

Charles Brandon 3rd Duke of Suffolk: In 1537 he was born to Charles Brandon 1st Duke of Suffolk and Catherine Willoughby Duchess Suffolk. Henry Machyn's Diary. 22 Sep 1551. The xxij day of September was the monyth ['s mind of the] ij dukkes of Suffoke [Note. Henry Brandon 2nd Duke of Suffolk and Charles Brandon 3rd Duke of Suffolk] in Chambryge-shyre, with [ij] standards, ij baners grett of armes and large, and banars rolles of dyver armes, with ij elmets, ij [swords, ij] targetts crownyd, ij cotes of armes, ij crests, and [ten dozen] of schochyons crounyd; and yt was grett pete of [their] dethe, and yt had plesyd God, of so nobull a stok they wher, for ther ys no more left of them.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 15 Jul 1557. The xv day of July the Quen('s) (age 41) grace dynyd at Lambeth [Map] with my lord cardenall Polle (age 57), and after dener removyd to Rychmond [Map], and ther (her) grace tares ther her plesur.

On 15 Jul 1573 Inigo Jones was born.

Letters of the Court of James I 1613 Reverend Thomas Lorkin to Sir Thomas Puckering Baronet 15 Jul 1613. 15 Jul 1613. London. Reverend Thomas Lorkin to Thomas Puckering 1st Baronet (age 21).

Since my last letters, the king hath signed the book for the prince's household, and *** first entry thereupon on Friday last. The same day were sworn unto him all such officers as have been thought fit to be about him for the present. In the bed-chamber - Sir Robert Carey (age 30), Sir James Fullerton (age 50), Robert Carr of Ancram (age 35), were sworn gentlemen, whereof the last came in by my Lord of Rochester's (age 26) means. Sir David Murray was not only rejected, but taxed openly at the council-table, for having suggested none of the best counsels to the late prince deceased. Into the same place were sworn, as grooms, Mr. Kirk, Mr. Gray (who was formerly his highness's page), and Pitcairne, who, till then, supplied the office of carver. This man is likewise one of my Lord of Rochester's (age 26) creatures. In the privy-chamber were sworn gentlemen-ushers, Sir William Irwin and Mr. Heydon, to the prejudice of Sir Robert Darcy, who is left out for a wrangler, notwithstanding his continual attendance since his last master's death ***. In quality of gentlemen were sworn into the same place, Sir Arthur Mainwaring (age 33), Sir Edward Vemey (age 23), Sir Edward Lewis, Mr. Clare, and Mr. Dallington. The grooms are taken out of the gentlemen-waiters to the prince, while he was Duke of York, without the addition of any, unless it be Trotter, who is either already come in, or like to obtain the like condition very soon. Mr. Young and Mr. Alexander are sworn gentlemen-ushers of the presence. For carvers, cup-bearers, and sewers, I have not yet learned certainly who they be; but I hear there is little alteration. Ramsay is the first equerry, and Sir Thomas Howard (age 28) master of the horse. The great officers rest still in expectation. Sir David Foulis, it seems, promiseth himself the best assurance; for he executes his place still, though more by permission and sufferance than any commission he hath received to that purpose. D. Ramsay and **** have been great suitors, but with as bad success as may be.

The court is at Theobalds, where his majesty (age 47) hath been much afflicted with a flux and griping of the belly. He is much amended; and, if the occasion of this sickness alter, not his purpose, begins his progress in [Wiltshire], and so to Salisbury, Wiltshire, next Saturday. The queen (age 38), likewise, returns to the Bath, Somerset [Map] the Saturday following.

The chief subject of our French news is the compounding of the quarrel between the Dukes of Savoy (age 51) and Mantua; whereof to write aught to you, who live so near them, were to send owls to Athens.

There hath lately fallen out a great difference between the Duke de Rohan and Monsieur de Plessis (both men of principal mark of them of the Religion, though in a several kind); but what is the cause of their quarrel I yet know not. The chief church there is not a little troubled at it, insomuch that the deputies-general have sent Monsieur Durand, one of the ministers of Paris, down into those parts, to clear the matter, and to mediate a friendly peace between both. The Duke of Lennox (age 38) hath received there a very honourable entertainment. He was expected in the condition of ambassador; but on his arrival took no other quality than of a private person, which gives many occasion to think, that his first commission was countermanded upon the Duke of Savoy's (age 51) late ambassage hither. These are but conjectures.

I wish your return into these quarters as soon as the season of the year will permit you; it was your purpose when I left you, and I trust you still keep that resolution. The knowledge of that state is chiefly necessary, and the use of that language. I am sure you understand these things better than myself, and therefore dare not [presume] to advise you. Only my desire is the more earnestly led hereunto by an opinion I have of being able to do you there some pleasing service, and of putting into your hands the commodity of advantaging yourself [into] his highnesses favour, than either your friends or money are like to do in haste. I have heard that you have formerly had some inward acquaintance with Sir Robert Carr of Ancram (age 35). It will not be unworthy your entertaining still.

On 15 Jul 1658 John Manners 1st Duke Rutland (age 20) and Anne Pierrepont (age 27) were married. See Lord Ross Divorce. She the daughter of Henry Pierrepont 1st Marquess Dorchester (age 52) and Cecilia Bayning. He the son of John Manners 8th Earl of Rutland (age 54) and Frances Montagu Countess Rutland (age 44). They were second cousins.

Pepy's Diary. 15 Jul 1661. Then with Dr. Fairbrother (whom I met there) to the Rose tavern [Map], and called for some wine, and there met fortunately with Mr. Turner of our office, and sent for his wife, and were very merry (they being come to settle their son here), and sent also for Mr. Sanchy, of Magdalen, with whom and other gentlemen, friends of his, we were very merry, and I treated them as well as I could, and so at noon took horse again, having taken leave of my cozen Angier, and rode to Impington, where I found my old uncle (age 78)1 sitting all alone, like a man out of the world: he can hardly see; but all things else he do pretty livelyly.

Note 1. Talbot Pepys (age 78), sixth son of John Pepys of Impington, was born 1583, and therefore at this time he was seventy-eight years of age. He was educated at Trinity Hall, Cambridge, and called to the bar at the Middle Temple in 1605. He was M.P. for Cambridge in 1625, and Recorder of Cambridge from 1624 to 1660, in which year he was succeeded by his son Roger (age 44). He died of the plague, March, 1666, aged eighty-three.

Evelyn's Diary. 15 Jul 1683. The public was now in great consternation on the late plot and conspiracy; his Majesty (age 53) very melancholy, and not stirring without double guards; all the avenues and private doors about Whitehall and the Park shut up, few admitted to walk in it. The Papists, in the meantime, very jocund; and indeed with reason, seeing their own plot brought to nothing, and turned to ridicule, and now a conspiracy of Protestants, as they called them.

Evelyn's Diary. 15 Jul 1685. Monmouth (age 36) was this day brought to London and examin'd before the King (age 51), to whom he made greate submission, acknowledg'd his seduction by Ferguson the Scot (age 48), whom he nam'd ye bloudy villain. He was sent to ye Tower [Map], had an interview with his late Dutchesse (age 34), whom he receiv'd coldly, having liv'd dishonestly with ye Lady Henrietta Wentworth (age 24) for two yeares. He obstinately asserted his conversation with that debauch'd woman to be no in, whereupon, seeing he could not be persuaded to his last breath, the divines who were sent to assist him thought not fit to administer the Holy Communion to him. For ye rest of his faults he profess'd greate sorrow, and so died without any apparent feare; he would not make use of a cap or other circumstance, but lying downe, bid the fellow do his office better than to the late Lord Russell, and gave him gold; but the wretch made five chopps before he had his head off; wch so incens'd the people, that had he not been guarded and got away, they would have torn him to pieces. The Duke (age 36) made no speech on the scaffold (wch was on Tower Hill [Map]) but gave a paper containing not above 5 or 6 lines, for the King (age 51), in which he disclaims all title to ye Crown, acknowledges that the late King, his father, had indeede told him he was but his base sonn, and so desir'd his Ma* to be kind to his wife and children. This relation I had from Dr. Tenison (Rector of St. Martin's) (age 48), who, with the Bishops of Ely (age 47) and Bath and Wells (age 48), were sent to him by his Ma*, and were at the execution.

On 15 Jul 1685 James Scott 1st Duke Monmouth 1st Duke Buccleuch (age 36) was beheaded at Tower Hill [Map]. Bishop Francis Turner (age 47) acted a Chaplain. Duke Monmouth and Duke Buccleuch forfeit.

Evelyn's Diary. 15 Jul 1685. Thus ended this quondam Duke (age 36), darling of his father and ye ladies, being extreamly handsome and adroit; an excellent souldier and dancer, a favourite of the people, of an easy nature, debauch'd by lust, seduc'd by crafty knaves who would have set him up only to make a property, and took the opportunity of the King being of another religion, to gather a party of discontented men. He fail'd, and perish'd. He was a lovely person, had a virtuous and excellent lady that brought him greate riches, and a second dukedom in Scotland. He was Master of the Horse, General of the King his father's Army, Gentleman of the Bedchamber, Knight of the Garter, Chancellor of Cambridge, in a word had accumulations without end. See what ambition and want of principles brought him to! He was beheaded on Tuesday 14th July [Note. Most sources quote 15 Jul 1685]. His mother, whose name was Barlow [Note. Lucy Walter is often spoken of incorrectly as Mrs. Walters or Waters, and during her career she seems to have adopted the alias of Mrs. Barlo or Barlow (the name of a family with which the Walters of Pembrokeshire had intermarried). From Dictionary of National Biography.], daughter of some very meane creatures, was a beautiful strumpet, whom I had often seene at Paris; she died miserably without any thing to bury her; yet this Perkin had ben made to believe that the King had married her; a monstrous and ridiculous forgerie; and to satisfy the world of the iniquity of the report, the King his father (If his father he really was, for he most resembl'd one Sidney, who was familiar with his mother) publickly and most solemnly renounc'd it, to be so enter'd in the Council Booke some yeares since, with all ye Privy Councellors at testation.

On 15 Jul 1699 Thomas Coventry 1st Earl Coventry (age 70) died. His son Thomas Coventry 2nd Earl Coventry (age 37) succeeded 2nd Earl Coventry, 6th Baron Coventry. Anne Somerset Countess Coventry (age 25) by marriage Countess Coventry. He was buried in St Mary Magdalene's Church, Croome D'Abitot [Map].

Monument in St Mary the Virgin Church, Elmley [Map]. The Monument was commissioned by his second wife (age 29) but rejected by his son. She was, apparently, somewhat imaginative in describing her provenance to the point that the second Earl (age 37), son of the first Earl's first wife, refused to have the monument erected over his father's remains.

High quality. Monument including a white marble figure elbow reclining on a deep chest in front of a lengthy inscription and under an arch crowned with armorial bearings. Large sub-figures flank the chest and the armorial bearings. Earl's coronet. Signed by William Stanton (age 60). Powdered Wig. Heeled Shoes. Buckled Shoes.

On 15 Jul 1718 Alexander Roslin was born in Malmö.

On 15 Jul 1775 Richard Westmacott was born to Richard "The Elder" Westmacott (age 28) and Sarah Vardy.

On 15 Jul 1792 Henry Thoby Prinsep was born to John Prinsep (age 46) and Sophie Elizabeth Auriol (age 32).

On 15 Jul 1808 Thomas-Henry Scheemakers (age 68) died.

Births on the 15th July

On 15 Jul 1272 Edmund Stafford 1st Baron Stafford was born to Nicholas Stafford (age 26) and Eleanor Clinton (age 22) at Clifton, Staffordshire.

On 15 Jul 1383 Richard Vernon was born to Richard Vernon 11th Baron Shipbrook (age 28).

Around 15 Jul 1431 Thomas Gerard was born to Peter Gerard of Bryn Kings (age 24).

On 15 Jul 1459 Joachim Valois was born to Louis "Father of the People" XI King France (age 36) and Charlotte Savoy Queen Consort France (age 17). Coefficient of inbreeding 2.65%.

On 15 Jul 1478 Barbara Jagiellon was born to Casimir IV King Poland (age 50) and Elisabeth Habsburg Queen Consort Poland (age 40).

On 15 Jul 1508 Unamed Stillborn Stewart was born to King James IV of Scotland (age 35) and Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland (age 18) at Holyrood Palace, Holyrood. She a granddaughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

On or before 15 Jul 1510 John Seymour was born to John Seymour (age 36) and Margery Wentworth. On 15 Jul 1510 John Seymour died.

On 15 Jul 1553 Ernest Habsburg Spain was born to Maximilian Habsburg Spain II Holy Roman Emperor (age 25) and Maria of Spain Holy Roman Empress (age 25). Coefficient of inbreeding 10.03%.

On 15 Jul 1573 Inigo Jones was born.

On 15 Jul 1575 Thomas Berkeley was born to Henry Berkeley 7th Baron Berkeley (age 40) and Katherine Howard Baroness Berkeley (age 37).

On 15 Jul 1631, possibly 1632, Bishop Richard Cumberland was born.

On 15 Jul 1632 Bishop Richard Cumberland was born

On 15 Jul 1663 John Cropley 2nd Baronet was born to Edward Cropley (age 26) and Martha Wilson. He was baptised at St James' Church, Clerkenwell on 23 Jul 1663.

Before 15 Jul 1664 James Montagu was born to Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich (age 38) and Jemima Crew Countess Sandwich (age 39).

On 15 Jul 1718 Alexander Roslin was born in Malmö.

On 15 Jul 1745 John Morris 1st Baronet was born.

On 15 Jul 1769 William Henry Fellowes was born to William Fellows (age 43).

On 15 Jul 1770 Mary Jarvey was born to John Jarvey and Mary Cleland at Livingston.

On 15 Jul 1775 Richard Westmacott was born to Richard "The Elder" Westmacott (age 28) and Sarah Vardy.

On 15 Jul 1777 James Wandesford Butler 1st Marquess Ormonde was born to John Butler 17th Earl Ormonde 11th Earl Ossory (age 36) and Frances Wandesford Countess Ormonde and Ossory (age 23).

On 15 Jul 1792 Henry Thoby Prinsep was born to John Prinsep (age 46) and Sophie Elizabeth Auriol (age 32).

On 15 Jul 1800 William Russell was born to William Russell (age 32) and Charlotte Anne Villiers (age 29). He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 15 Jul 1809 George St Vincent Duckworth-King 4th Baronet was born to Richard King 2nd Baronet (age 34) and Sarah Anne Duckworth Lady King (age 24).

On 15 Jul 1816 George Graham Otway 2nd Baronet was born to Robert Waller Otway 1st Baronet (age 46) and Clementia Holloway Lady Otway (age 34).

On 15 Jul 1823 Alexander Hesse Darmstadt was born to Louis Hesse Darmstadt II Grand Duke (age 45) and Princess Wilhelmine Baden (age 34). Coefficient of inbreeding 7.03%.

On 15 Jul 1856 Weetman Dickinson Pearson 1st Viscount Cowdray was born.

On 15 Jul 1867 Montague Waldegrave 5th Baron Radstock was born to Granville Waldegrave 3rd Baron Radstock (age 34) and Susan Calcraft (age 34).

On 15 Jul 1868 William Fuller-Acland-Hood was born to Alexander Hood 3rd Baronet (age 49) and Isabel Harriet Acland Lady Hood.

On 15 Jul 1882 Sybil Grey was born to Albert Henry George Grey 4th Earl Grey (age 30) and Alice Holford Countess Grey.

On 15 Jul 1883 Guy Larnach Neville 4th Marquess Abergavenny was born to George Montacute Neville (age 27) and Florence Soames.

On 15 Jul 1907 William Howard Lawson 5th Baronet was born to Henry Joseph Lawson 3rd Baronet (age 29) and Ursula Mary Howard (age 27).

On 15 Jul 1922 Marjorie Olein Wyndham-Quin was born to Captain Valentine Maurice Wyndham-Quin (age 32).

Before 15 Jul 1950 Rose Neville was born to John Henry Guy Neville 5th Marquess Abergavenny (age 35) and Mary Patricia Harrison Marchioness Abergavenny (age 34).

On 15 Jul 1955 Lucinda Ileene Hastings was born to Lieutenant-Colonel Robin Hood William Stewart Hastings (age 38) and Jean Suzanne Palethorpe.

Marriages on the 15th July

On 15 Jul 1553 John Gresham (age 58) and Katherine Sampson (age 57) were married.

On 15 Jul 1633 Alexander Stewart (age 24) and Margaret Graham were married. She the daughter of William Graham 7th Earl Menteith 1st Earl Airth (age 42) and Agnes Gray Countess of Menteith and Airth (age 47). He the son of Alexander Stewart 1st Earl Galloway (age 53). She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

On 15 Jul 1650 Robert Kemp 2nd Baronet (age 22) and Mary Kerridge Lady Kemp were married at St Bartholomew the Less. She by marriage Lady Kemp of Gissing in Norfolk.

On 15 Jul 1658 John Manners 1st Duke Rutland (age 20) and Anne Pierrepont (age 27) were married. See Lord Ross Divorce. She the daughter of Henry Pierrepont 1st Marquess Dorchester (age 52) and Cecilia Bayning. He the son of John Manners 8th Earl of Rutland (age 54) and Frances Montagu Countess Rutland (age 44). They were second cousins.

Before 15 Jul 1663 Edward Cropley (age 26) and Martha Wilson were married.

On 15 Jul 1710 Charles Maitland 6th Earl Lauderdale (age 22) and Elizabeth Ogilvy Countess Lauderdale (age 18) were married . She the daughter of James Ogilvy 1st Earl Seafield 4th Earl Findlater (age 47). He the son of John Maitland 5th Earl Lauderdale (age 55).

On 15 Jul 1762 William John Kerr 5th Marquess Lothian (age 25) and Elizabeth Fortescue 5th Marchioness Lothian (age 17) were married. He the son of William Henry Kerr 4th Marquess Lothian (age 52) and Caroline Darcy Marchioness Lothian. He a great x 4 grandson of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland.

On 15 Jul 1764 John Evans (age 21) and Elizabeth Gore were married. She the daughter of Arthur Saunders Gore 1st Earl Arran (age 61) and Jane Saunders.

Before 15 Jul 1766 Reverend William Goodday (age 57) and Ruth Unknown were married.

On 15 Jul 1774 Prince Charles Louis of Baden (age 19) and Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt (age 20) were married. They were half first cousins.

On 15 Jul 1802 Henry Crichton-Stuart (age 25) and Gertrude Amelia Mason Villiers (age 30) were married. She the daughter of George Mason Villiers 2nd Earl Grandison and Gertrude Seymour-Conway. He the son of John Stuart 1st Marquis of the Isle of Bute (age 58) and Charlotte Jane Windsor Marchioness Bute. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

Before 15 Jul 1806 Vice Admiral Charles Paget (age 27) and Elizabeth Araminta Monck (age 19) were married. He the son of Henry Bayly-Paget 1st Earl Uxbridge (age 62) and Jane Champagné Countess Uxbridge (age 64).

On 15 Jul 1828 William Richard Annesley 3rd Earl Annesley (age 55) and Priscilla Cecilia Moore (age 19) were married. She by marriage Countess Annesley of Castlewellan in County Down. The difference in their ages was 36 years. He the son of Richard Annesley 2nd Earl Annesley.

On 15 Jul 1854 the marriage of John Ruskin (age 35) and Euphemia "Effie" Gray Lady Millais (age 26) annulled by the Commissary Court of Surrey on the grounds of John Ruskin being "incapable of consumating the same [marriage] by reason of incurable impotency.

On 15 Jul 1870 Mark William James (age 24) and Caroline Ethel Gertrude Stewart (age 19) were married. They were third cousin once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 15 Jul 1875 Robert Curzon 15th Baron Zouche (age 24) and Annie Mary Eleanor Fraser (age 18) were married.

On 15 Jul 1885 Arthur Henry Chichester Chichester 3rd Baron Templemore (age 31) and Alice Elizabeth Dawkins Baroness Templemore were married.

On 15 Jul 1886 Hugh Fortescue 4th Earl Fortescue (age 32) and Emily Ormsby-Gore Countess Fortescue (age 26) were married. He the son of Hugh Fortescue 3rd Earl Fortescue (age 68) and Georgina Augusta Dawson-Damer Countess Fortescue. They were second cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 15 Jul 1905 John Henry Savile 6th Earl Mexborough (age 37) and Margaret Eva Knatchbull-Hugessen Countess Mexborough (age 24) were married. He the son of John Savile 4th Earl Mexborough and Agnes Louisa Elizabeth Raphael.

On 15 Jul 1909 Alfonso Orléans Galliera Duke Galliera (age 22) and Beatrice Windsor Duchess Galliera (age 25) were married at Coburg. She by marriage Duchess Galliera. She the daughter of Prince Alfred Windsor and Maria Holstein Gottorp Romanov (age 55). She a granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

On 15 Jul 1944 Antony Guy Acland 5th Baronet (age 27) and Margaret Joan Rooke Lady Acland were married. She by marriage Lady Acland of St Mary Magdalen in Oxford.

Deaths on the 15th July

On 15 Jul 1291 Rudolph I King Romans (age 73) died at Speyer. He was buried at Speyer Cathedral.

On 15 Jul 1299 Eric II King Norway (age 31) died. His brother King Haakon V (age 29) succeeded V King Norway. Euphemia of Rügen Queen Norway (age 19) by marriage Queen Norway.

On 15 Jul 1381 John Ball was hanged, drawn and quartered in St Albans, Hertfordshire [Map] in the presence of King Richard II of England (age 14).

On 15 Jul 1391 Louis Chatillon died.

On 15 Jul 1406 William "The Courteous" Habsburg Duke Austria (age 36) died at Vienna.

On 15 Jul 1415 John Skipwith (age 64) died.

On 15 Jul 1445 Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland (age 41) died at Dunbar Castle, Dunbar. She was buried at Perth Charterhouse.

On 15 Jul 1464 Ralph Grey (age 32) was beheaded at Doncaster [Map].

On 15 Jul 1470 Alexander Gordon 1st Earl Huntley died. His son George Gordon 2nd Earl Huntley (age 15) succeeded 2nd Earl Huntley. Anabella Stewart (age 34) by marriage Countess Huntley.

Around 15 Jul 1521 Margaret Troutbeck (age 29) died.

On 14 Jul 1551 the two Brandon brothers died of sweating sickness at the Bishop of Lincoln's Palace, Buckden [Map]. They were buried at St Mary's Church, Buckden [Map].

Henry Brandon 2nd Duke of Suffolk (age 15) died of sweating sickness . His brother Charles Brandon 3rd Duke of Suffolk (age 14) succeeded 3rd Duke Suffolk.

Charles Brandon 3rd Duke of Suffolk (age 14) died of sweating sickness an hour or so after his brother. Duke Suffolk extinct.

Charles Brandon 3rd Duke of Suffolk: In 1537 he was born to Charles Brandon 1st Duke of Suffolk and Catherine Willoughby Duchess Suffolk. Henry Machyn's Diary. 22 Sep 1551. The xxij day of September was the monyth ['s mind of the] ij dukkes of Suffoke [Note. Henry Brandon 2nd Duke of Suffolk and Charles Brandon 3rd Duke of Suffolk] in Chambryge-shyre, with [ij] standards, ij baners grett of armes and large, and banars rolles of dyver armes, with ij elmets, ij [swords, ij] targetts crownyd, ij cotes of armes, ij crests, and [ten dozen] of schochyons crounyd; and yt was grett pete of [their] dethe, and yt had plesyd God, of so nobull a stok they wher, for ther ys no more left of them.

On 15 Jul 1561 Louise Bourbon Duchess of Monpensier (age 79) died.

On 15 Jul 1561 William Bill Almoner (age 56) died. He was buried in the Chapel of St Benedict, Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 15 Jul 1595 Edmund Craster of Craster (age 54) died.

On 15 Jul 1663 Anne Lewknor Lady Strange (age 51) died.

On 15 Jul 1664 Alexander Leslie 2nd Earl Leven (age 27) died.

On 15 Jul 1667 George Heneage died.

On 10 Jul 1669 (some say 11th) Robert Staypylton died. On 15 Jul 1669 he was buried near the vestry door in Westminster Abbey [Map].

On or before 15 Jul 1670 John Wolstenholme 1st Baronet died. His son Thomas Wolstenholme 2nd Baronet (age 48) succeeded 2nd Baronet Wolstenholme of London. He was buried 15 Jul 1670

On 15 Jul 1672 Diana Bruce died in childbirth. The child, named Robert, died the same day.

On 15 Jul 1676 William Saunderson Historian (age 90) died.

On 15 Jul 1676 Francis Wyndham 1st Baronet (age 64) died. His son Thomas Wyndham 2nd Baronet (age 28) succeeded 2nd Baronet Wyndham of Trent.

On 15 Jul 1681 Francis Forester of Easington Grange (age 51) died.

On 15 Jul 1685 James Scott 1st Duke Monmouth 1st Duke Buccleuch (age 36) was beheaded at Tower Hill [Map]. Bishop Francis Turner (age 47) acted a Chaplain. Duke Monmouth and Duke Buccleuch forfeit.

On 15 Jul 1699 Thomas Coventry 1st Earl Coventry (age 70) died. His son Thomas Coventry 2nd Earl Coventry (age 37) succeeded 2nd Earl Coventry, 6th Baron Coventry. Anne Somerset Countess Coventry (age 25) by marriage Countess Coventry. He was buried in St Mary Magdalene's Church, Croome D'Abitot [Map].

Monument in St Mary the Virgin Church, Elmley [Map]. The Monument was commissioned by his second wife (age 29) but rejected by his son. She was, apparently, somewhat imaginative in describing her provenance to the point that the second Earl (age 37), son of the first Earl's first wife, refused to have the monument erected over his father's remains.

High quality. Monument including a white marble figure elbow reclining on a deep chest in front of a lengthy inscription and under an arch crowned with armorial bearings. Large sub-figures flank the chest and the armorial bearings. Earl's coronet. Signed by William Stanton (age 60). Powdered Wig. Heeled Shoes. Buckled Shoes.

On 15 Jul 1723 John Leveson-Gower (age 10) died.

On 15 Jul 1743 Bishop John Wynne (age 76) died at his home Soughton Hall [Map]. He was buried at St Eurgain's and St Peter's Church, Northop [Map]. His eldest son John Wynne (age 16) inherited Soughton Hall [Map].

On 15 Jul 1743 Catherine Forbes (age 53) died.

On 15 Jul 1744 Charles Maitland 6th Earl Lauderdale (age 56) died. His son John Maitland 7th Earl Lauderdale (age 26) succeeded 7th Earl Lauderdale.

On 15 Jul 1750 Abigail Harley Countess Kinnoul (age 61) died.

On 15 Jul 1751 John Monckton 1st Viscount Galway (age 56) died. His son William Monckton aka Monckton-Arundell 2nd Viscount Galway (age 26) succeeded 2nd Viscount Galway. Elizabeth Villareal Viscountess Galway by marriage Viscountess Galway.

On 15 or 18 Jul 1763 John Evelyn 1st Baronet (age 81) died. He was buried at St John's Church, Wotton on 22 Jul 1763. His son John Evelyn 2nd Baronet (age 56) succeeded 2nd Baronet Evelyn of Wotton in Surrey.

On 15 Jul 1766 Ruth Unknown died. She was buried at All Saints' Church Strelley [Map].

On 15 Jul 1771 Anne Hervey (age 64) died.

On 15 Jul 1778 Frances Shirley (age 71) died.

On 15 Jul 1801 William Legge 2nd Earl Dartmouth (age 70) died. On 15 Jul 1801 His son George Legge 3rd Earl Dartmouth (age 45) succeeded 3rd Earl Dartmouth. Frances Finch Countess Dartmouth (age 40) by marriage Countess Dartmouth.

Before 16 Mar 1803 Mary Finch (age 87) died. On 16 Mar 1803 she was buried.

On 15 Jul 1756 William Howard (age 41) was killed accidentally whilst driving a chaise.

Monument in St Peter's Church, Elford [Map].

Mary Finch: On 01 Mar 1716 she was born to Heneage Finch 2nd Earl Aylesford and Mary Fisher Countess Aylesford. On 06 Nov 1736 William Howard and she were married. She the daughter of Heneage Finch 2nd Earl Aylesford and Mary Fisher Countess Aylesford. He the son of Henry Bowes Howard 4th Earl Berkshire 11th Earl Suffolk and Catherine Graham Countess Berkshire and Suffolk.

On 15 Jul 1803 Henry Oxenden 6th Baronet (age 81) died. His son Henry Oxenden 7th Baronet (age 47) succeeded 7th Baronet Oxenden of Dene in Kent. Mary Graham Lady Oxenden (age 30) by marriage Lady Oxenden of Dene in Kent.

On 15 Jul 1808 Thomas-Henry Scheemakers (age 68) died.

On 15 Jul 1817 Susannah Wedgwood (age 52) died.

On 15 Jul 1831 General William Loftus (age 79) died at his home at Wimpole Street, Marylebone. He was buried in the Townshend family vault Raynham Hall, Norfolk on 23 Jul 1831.

On 15 Jul 1834 Mary Lyttelton died.

On 15 Jul 1854 Theophilus Biddulph 6th Baronet (age 69) died. His son Theophilus William Biddulph 7th Baronet (age 24) succeeded 7th Baronet Biddulph of Westcombe in Kent. Mary Agnes Somerville Lady Biddulph (age 16) by marriage Lady Biddulph of Westcombe in Kent.

On 15 Jul 1858 Arthur Thellusson (age 56) died.

On 15 Jul 1859 Frances Gask Lady Edwardes (age 94) died. She was buried at St Mark's Church, Frodesley where her memorial has the inscription: "Here Lyeth, FRANCES Relict of the, Rev. Sir JOHN THOMAS CHOLMONDLEY EDWARDES Bart, and daughter of JOHN GASK Esq of Tickhill County of York. Born 13th October 1764 Died 15th July 1859, Also, FRANCES, Eldest daughter of the Rev. Sir J.T.C. EDWARDES Bart, Born 10th August 1785 Died 20th July 1881, JULIANA, Second daughter of the Rev. Sir J.T.C. EDWARDES Bart, Born 3rd July 1789 Died 23rd July 1872, TREVOR HOPE EDWARDES, Second son of Sir HENRY EDWARDES Bart, Born 25th March 1831 Died 18th February 1878, LENORA Relict of TREVOR HOP EDWARDES, and daughter of Captain GORE BROWN, Born 31st August 1842 Died 29th December 1878, LOUISA MARY ANN EDWARDES, Widow of Sir HENRY EDWARDES Bart, Afterward widow of Major JAMES HENRY MURRAY MARTIN and only daughter of J.T. HOPE Esq of Netley Hall Co. Salop, Born Novbr 21st 1801 Died Septbr 7th 1886, Sir HENRY HOPE EDWARDES, 10th and last Baronet Born April 10th 1828, Died at Wootton Hall Ashbourne, August 24th 1900, Aged 70"

On 15 Jul 1864 Georgiana Fane died.

On 15 Jul 1884 Henry Richard Charles Wellesley 1st Earl Cowley (age 80) died at 20 Albermarle Street. He was buried at Draycott, Wiltshire. His son William Henry Wellesley 2nd Earl Cowley (age 49) succeeded 2nd Earl Cowley, 2nd Viscount Dangan of Meath, 3rd Baron Cowley. Emily Gwendoline Williams Countess Cowley (age 45) by marriage Countess Cowley.

On 15 Jul 1884 Mary Penelope Hill (age 66) died.

On 15 Jul 1909 Frank Pleydell-Bouverie (age 51) died.

On 15 Jul 1911 Charles Bertram Bellew 3rd Baron Bellew (age 56) died at Barmouth Castle without issue. His brother George Leopold Bryan aka Bellew 4th Baron Bellew (age 54) succeeded 4th Baron Bellew of Barmeath in Louth, 10th Baronet Bellew of Barmeath in Louth.

On 15 Jul 1917 Captain Robert Heathcote (age 74) died.

On 15 Jul 1927 Maud Augusta Beckett Dickinson (age 63) died.

On 15 Jul 1928 Charles James Jessel 1st Baronet (age 68) died. His son George Jessel 2nd Baronet (age 37) succeeded 2nd Baronet Jessel of Ladham House in Kent. Muriel Gladys Chapline Lady Jessel (age 44) by marriage Lady Jessel of Ladham House in Kent.

On 15 Jul 1929 Hugo Laurenz August Hofmann (age 55) died.

On 15 Jul 1944 George Byng (age 26) was killed whilst on active service

On 15 Jul 1948 Lillian Adelaide Katherine Mary Fitzclarence (age 74) died.

On 15 Jul 1953 Betty Wertheimer (age 75) died.

On 15 Jul 1958 Mabel Laura Georgiana Palmer Countess Grey (age 73) died.

On 15 Jul 1959 Stuart Auchincloss Coats 2nd Baronet (age 91) died.

On 15 Jul 1979 Richard Hugh Jessel (age 83) died.

On 15 Jul 1999 Simon Ramsay 16th Earl of Dalhousie (age 84) died.

On 15 Jul 2007 Major Charles Huguenot Waterhouse (age 89) died.