On this Day in History ... 16 August

16 Aug is in August.

1415 Siege of Harfleur

1513 Battle of the Spurs

1660 August Creation of Baronets

1666 Holme's Bonfire

On 16 Aug 929 Sancho King Galicia (age 34) died. His brother Alfonso "Monk" IV King Leon IV King Galicia (age 39) succeeded IV King Galicia.

On 16 Aug 1157 Ramiro "Monk" II King Aragon (age 71) died.

On 16 Aug 1236 Bishop Thomas Blunville died.

On 16 Aug 1284 Philip "The Fair" IV King France (age 16) and Joan Blois I Queen Navarre (age 11) were married. She by marriage Queen Consort of France. She the daughter of Henry I King Navarre and Blanche Capet Queen Navarre (age 36). He the son of Philip "Bold" III King France (age 39) and Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France. They were second cousins. He a great x 3 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

On 16 Aug 1290 Charles Valois I Count Valois (age 20) and Margaret Capet Countess Valois (age 17) were married. She by marriage Countess Valois. She the daughter of Charles II King Naples (age 36) and Mary of Hungary Queen Consort Naples (age 33). He the son of Philip "Bold" III King France and Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France. They were second cousins. He a great x 3 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

On 16 Aug 1355 Philippa Plantagenet Countess March 5th Countess Ulster was born to Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke of Clarence (age 16) and Elizabeth Burgh Duchess of Clarence (age 23) at Eltham Palace [Map]. At the time of her birth she was Heir to the Throne of England since her uncle Edward "Black Prince" (age 25) was yet to be married. She a granddaughter of King Edward III of England. Coefficient of inbreeding 2.22%.

On 16 Aug 1358 Albert Habsburg II Duke Austria (age 59) died. His son Rudolph Habsburg IV Duke Austria (age 18) succeeded IV Duke Austria.

Siege of Harfleur

Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. 16 Aug 1415. and the xvj day of the same monythe he londyd at Kytkawys, and the Satyrday he leyde sege unto the towne of Arflewe, and that was the Satyrday nexte aftyr of the Assompsyon of oure Lady; and the sege contynuyd unto the Sonday nexte be fore the feste of Synt Mychelle, on the whiche Sonday the towne of Arflewe was delyveryd uppe to the kyng, that was xxij day of Septembre. But hit ys to wyte that the Tewysday before, that ys to saye the xvj day of the same monythe, at xij of the clocke whytheynne nyght, the lordys that were the capytaynys and governowrys of the towne, that ys to wete the Lorde Gawcorte14, the Lorde Tutvyle, and moo othyr lordys, sende owte herodys of armys unto the Duke of Clarens (age 26), prayng hym at the reverens of God that he wolde of hys hyghe lordeschippe that he wolde graunte them lyve and leve for to trete whythe what personys that the kyng wolde a-sygne unto hem; and the kyng at the reverens of God and at hyre requeste he assygnyde the Duke of Exceter [Note. Unclear as to who this is? Possibly Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter (age 38) who was created Duke the following year?], the Lorde Fehewe, and Syr Thomas Erpyngham (age 60), to hyre whatt they wolde say and desyre. And they desyryd that the kyng wolde nought warre on them fro that oure of mydnyght unto the Sonday nexte aftyr the feste of Synt Mychell, and but hyt were rescwyd by batayle by that day by the Frenysche kyng or by the Dolfynne, ellys at that daye to delyver the towne unto the kynge, and they to have hyr lyvys and hyr goodys. Ande the kyng sende hem worde yf that they wolde delivery the towne on the morne aftyr, be the oure of mydnyght a bove sayde, with owte any condyscyon, he wolde accepte hyt, and in non othyr wyse he bade hem for to trete. Ande yette the Fraynysche lordys prayde our lordys that they wolde fochesave to be-seche the kynge at the reverens of God and of oure Lady that he wolde graunte them respyte fro the same Twysday at nyght unto the Sonday nexte aftyr tylle one owre aftyr none; and in the mayne tyme the lordys that were captaynys of the towne to come to the kynge whithe xxiiij knyghtys and squyers with hem, of the moste suffycyent men whithe in the towne, and they to be sworne on Goddys body opynly before alle the pepylle. But yf15 hit soo were that the Fraynysche kynge or the Dolfynne rescwyde hem by that Sonday by the owre of none, othyr ellys a-non aftyr none, they for to delyvery the towne to the kyng and alle hyr bodys and goodys to don whythe hem what so hem evyr lyste, whythe16 any condiscyon. Whythe that the kynge sufferde hem to sende unto Frauns viij personys owte of the towne lettyng hym wytte in what plytte that they stode yn, and the kyng grauntyd hem; and uppe the Wanysday by [th]e mone the lordys come owte, and xxij knyghtys and squyers whythe hem; and thenne come the prosessyon solempny and stately, whithe xxiiij copys of clothe of golde by-fore Goddys body, whythe many worschipfulle lordys, knyhtis, and squyers, and othyr multytude of pepylle from [th]e kyngys tente, solempny and stately as evyr was done suche a thyng be-for tyme. But the kyng was nott here present. And the Franysche lordys made thare hyr othys a-pon the sacrament; and, the othys done, the Fraynysche lordys were brought unto the kyngys tente, and there they dynyd in the kyngys halle, but in alle thys tyme they sawe nought the kynge. And whanne that they hadde etyn they departyd and delyveryd to sartayne for to kepe yn ostage tylle the Sonday on none, as hyt was a cordyment i-made before tyme whenne that they toke hyr othys. And the Sonday at the same owre a-signyd the kyng hadde a tente phyght a-pone a hylle be-fore the towne, and there he sate in his estate, ryally, and alle hys lordys aboute hym. And thenne come the Fraynysche lordys, with lxiiij whythe hem of the moste suffycyentt men that were whythe yn the towne, to the kyngys owne propyr person, and delyveryd uppe the keyes of the towne and hyr boodys and hyr goodys to the kynges grace, whithe owte any condyscyon. And thys was the xxij day of Septembre, the yere of our Lorde Ml cccc xv.

Note 14. Sawcortein our MS. by a misreading; Gawcourte in Vit.

Note 15. But if, i. e. unless.

Note 16. whythe. withoute, Vit.

On 16 Aug 1445 Margaret Stewart Dauphine of France (age 20) died at Châlons-en-Champagne [Map]. She was buried at the Church of Saint-Laon Thouars.

Battle of the Spurs

On 16 Aug 1513 Henry VIII (age 22) fought at Thérouanne [Map] during the Battle of the Spurs.

Henry's army included George Talbot 4th Earl of Shrewsbury (age 45) (commanded), Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset (age 36), Thomas Brooke 8th Baron Cobham (age 43), Henry Bourchier 2nd Earl Essex 3rd Count Eu, John de Vere 15th Earl of Oxford (age 42) and Anthony Wingfield (age 26). John "Tilbury Jack" Arundell (age 18), William Compton (age 31), John Hussey 1st Baron Hussey of Sleaford (age 48) and William Hussey (age 41) was knighted by King Henry VII of England and Ireland. Thomas West 8th Baron De La Warr 5th Baron West (age 56) and Andrew Windsor 1st Baron Windsor (age 46) was created Knight Banneret.

Louis I d'Orléans Duc de Longueville 1480-1516 was captured.

Arthur Hopton (age 24) was knighted for his bravery.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 16 Aug 1557. The xvj day of August be-gane to sett up the herse for the kyng of Denmarke [Note. A mistake for the King of Portugal], a frame of iiij-sqware.

Note. Ibid. Hearse for the king of [Portugal]. Machyn here made the error of naming the the king of Denmark, instead of the king of Portugal, John III. who succeeded his father Emanuel in 1521, and died 1557. He had married Jane aunt of king Philip, and hence arose the special observance of his obsequies in this country. They are briefly noticed by Holinshed, p. 1768; but are recorded at full in the College of Arms, I. 15, f. 246. At the beginning of this paragraph for xviiij read xviij.

On 16 Aug 1593 Henry Wentworth 3rd Baron Wentworth (age 35) died. His son Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Cleveland (age 2) succeeded 4th Baron Wentworth 1C 1529.

On 15 Aug 1604 and 16 Aug 1604 Prince Charles (age 3) and Alexander Seton (age 49) lodged at the Leicester townhouse of William Skipwith (age 40) on their way to London.


On 16 Aug 1624 Henry Belasyse 1st Baronet (age 69) died. He was buried in St Saviour's Church, York. His son Thomas Belasyse 1st Viscount Fauconberg (age 47) succeeded 2nd Baronet Belasyse of Newborough.

On 16 Aug 1649 Christopher Plunkett 2nd Earl of Fingall died. His son Luke Plunkett 3rd Earl of Fingall (age 10) succeeded 3rd Earl of Fingall. Margaret Maccarthy Countess Fingall by marriage Countess of Fingall.

On 16 Aug 1654 Henry Bourchier 5th Earl Bath (age 67) died. Earl Bath 2C 1536 extinct. His Irish estates passed to his widow Rachael Fane Countess Bath and Middlesex (age 41), then to her nephew Henry Fane (age 4), then to his son Charles Fane 1st Viscount Fane.

1660 August Creation of Baronets

In Aug 1660 King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 30) rewarded those who supported his Restoration by awarding them Baronetcies ...

On 02 Aug 1660 Hugh Smithson 1st Baronet (age 62) was created 1st Baronet Smithson of Stanwick in Yorkshire.

On 10 Aug 1660 Peter Leicester 1st Baronet (age 46) was created 1st Baronet Leicester of Tabley in Cheshire. Elizabeth Gerard Lady Leicester by marriage Lady Leicester of Tabley in Cheshire.

On 11 Aug 1660 William wheler 1st Baronet 1611-1666 (age 49) was created 1st Baronet Wheler of the City of Westminster with a special remainder failing the heirs male of his body, "to Charles Wheeler (age 40) [rectius Wheler], cosin to the said Sir William and the heires males of the body of the said Sir Charles."

On 16 Aug 1660 Thomas Lee 1st Baronet (age 25) was created 1st Baronet Lee of Hartwell in Buckinghamshire.

On 16 Aug 1660 John Newton 1st Baronet (age 49) was created 1st Baronet Newton of Barrs Court.

On 16 Aug 1660 Thomas Smith 1st Baronet (age 38) was created 1st Baronet Smith of Hatherton in Cheshire.

On 31 Aug 1660 John Drake 1st Baronet (age 35) was created 1st Baronet Drake of Ashe in Devon. Dionise Strode Lady Drake by marriage Lady Drake of Ashe in Devon.

Holme's Bonfire

Pepy's Diary. 16 Aug 1666. This day Sir W. Batten (age 65) did show us at the table a letter from Sir T. Allen (age 54), which says that we have taken ten or twelve' ships (since the late great expedition of burning their ships and towne), laden with hempe, flax, tarr, deales, &c. This was good newes; but by and by comes in Sir G. Carteret (age 56), and he asked us with full mouth what we would give for good newes. Says Sir W. Batten (age 65), "I have better than you, for a wager". They laid sixpence, and we that were by were to give sixpence to him that told the best newes. So Sir W. Batten (age 65) told his of the ten or twelve ships Sir G. Carteret (age 56) did then tell us that upon the newes of the burning of the ships and towne the common people a Amsterdam did besiege De Witt's house, and he was force to flee to the Prince of Orange (age 15), who is gone to Cleve to the marriage of his sister (age 23) [Notee. his aunt]. This we concluded all the best newest and my Lord Bruncker (age 46) and myself did give Sir G. Carteret (age 56) our sixpence a-piece, which he did give Mr. Smith to give the poor. Thus we made ourselves mighty merry.

On 16 Aug 1682 Louis Bourbon Duke Burgundy was born to Louis "Le Grand Dauphin" Bourbon Duke Burgundy (age 20) and Maria Anna Victoria Wittelsbach Duchess Burgundy (age 21). Coefficient of inbreeding 2.88%.

On 16 Aug 1721 Edward Rich 7th Earl Warwick 4th Earl Holland (age 23) died. His second cousin Edward Richard 8th Earl Warwick 5th Earl Holland (age 26) succeeded 8th Earl Warwick 3C 1618, 5th Earl Holland. Mary Stanton Countess Warwick and Holland by marriage Countess Warwick, Countess Holland.

On 16 Aug 1738 Spencer Compton 8th Earl of Northampton was born to Charles Compton (age 46) and Mary Lucy (age 28).

After 16 Aug 1752 John Perceval 2nd Earl Egmont (age 41) and Catherine Compton Countess Egmont (age 21) were married. She by marriage Countess Egmont. The difference in their ages was 20 years. He the son of John Perceval 1st Earl Egmont and Catherine Parker Countess Egmont.


On 16 Aug 1756 George Rice and Cecil Cardonnel 2nd Baroness Dynevor (age 21) were married. She the daughter of William Talbot 1st Earl Talbot (age 46) and Mary Cardonnel Countess Talbot (age 37).

On 16 Aug 1759 David Murray 2nd Earl Mansfield (age 31) and Henrietta Frederica von Bünau were married.

On 16 Aug 1761 George Edgecumbe 1st Earl of Mount Edgcumbe (age 41) and Emma Gilbert Countess Mount Edgcumbe were married. She the daughter of George Gilbert Archbishop of York (deceased) and Margaret Sherard.

On 08 Jul 1822 Percy Bysshe Shelley drowned. He was returning on the Don Juan with Edward Williams from a meeting at Livorno with Leigh Hunt and Byron to make arrangements for a new journal, The Liberal. The boat was sunk is a storm. Shelley's badly decomposed body washed ashore at Viareggio ten days later and was identified by Trelawny from the clothing and a copy of Keats's Lamia in a jacket pocket. On 16 Aug 1822 his body was cremated on a beach near Viareggio and the ashes were buried in the Protestant Cemetery of Rome. The cremation was attended by George "Lord Byron" 6th Baron Byron (age 34). His wife Mary Godwin aka Shelley (age 24) did not attend.


After 16 Aug 1828. Church of St Mary Hillington [Map]. Monument to Edward West Chief Justice of Bombay and Lucretia Georgiana ffolkes sculpted by Henry Hopper (age 61). The armorial Edward West Chief Justice of Bombay 1782-1828 arms and Lucretia Georgiana ffolkes impaled. His arms quartered West Arms and Unknown Arms. Her arms quartered 1 ffolkes Arms 2 Hovell Arms 3 appears to be Browne as seen in the armorial to William Browne 4 Turner Baronets Arms.

After 16 Aug 1831. St Mary's Church, Buckden [Map]. Monument to Robert Stuart Hurst Whitworth.

On 16 Aug 1847 John Wodehouse 1st Earl Kimberley (age 21) and Florence Fitzgibbon Countess Kimberley (age 22) were married. She by marriage Lady Woodhouse of Wilberhall. She the daughter of Richard Hobart Fitzgibbon 3rd Earl Clare (age 54).

On 16 Aug 1892 Spencer Cavendish 8th Duke Devonshire (age 59) and Louisa Vonalten Duchess Devonshire and Manchester (age 60) were married at Christ Church. She by marriage Duchess Devonshire. He the son of William Cavendish 7th Duke Devonshire and Blanche Georgiana Howard Duchess Devonshire.NOTEXT

On 16 Aug 1897 Roland Dormer 13th Baron Dormer (age 34) and Marie Hanem Eywaz Baroness Dormer were married.

On 16 Aug 1897 Charles Bennet 8th Earl of Tankerville was born to George Montagu Bennet 7th Earl Tankerville (age 45) and Leonora Sophia van Marter Countess of Tancerville.

On 16 Aug 1902 Arthur Gore 6th Earl of Arran (age 33) and Maud Jacqueline Marie Beauclerk van Kattendyke Countess of Arran were married. She by marriage Countess Arran. He the son of Arthur Saunders Gore 5th Earl Arran and Edith Jocelyn Countess Arran.

On 16 Aug 1911 Bishop John Wordsworth (age 68) died. He was buried in Salisbury Cathedral [Map]. Monument sculpted by George Frampton (age 51).

On 16 Aug 1915 Charles Beauclerk 13th Duke St Albans was born to Aubrey Topham Beauclerk (age 64) and Gwendoline Loftus Hughes.

On 16 Aug 1916 Kenelm Charles Pepys 4th Earl of Cottenham (age 42) and Patricia Burke Countess Cottenham were married. She by marriage Countess of Cottenham. He the son of William John Pepys 3rd Earl of Cottenham and Theodesia Selina Dallas Countess Cottenham (age 71).

On 16 Aug 1956 Major Henry Anthony Birkbeck (age 71) died. On 20 Apr 1917 Gervase William Birkbeck (age 30) was killed in action. Memorials in All Saints Church, West Acre [Map].

Major Henry Anthony Birkbeck: On 29 Jan 1885 he was born to Henry Birkbeck (age 31).

Gervase William Birkbeck: Around 1887 he was born to Henry Birkbeck (age 33).

Before 16 Aug 1958 Yvo Vesey 5th Viscount Vesey (age 76) and Frances Lois Vesey Viscountess de Vesci (age 75) were married.

On 16 Aug 1958 Yvo Vesey 5th Viscount Vesey (age 76) died.