On this Day in History ... 16th June

16 Jun is in June.

1056 Battle of Glasbury-on-Wye

1467 Tournament Bastard of Burgundy

1483 Richard of Shrewsbury Removed from Sanctuary

1487 Battle of Stoke Field

1497 Cornish Rebellion

1528 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

1535 Execution of Bishop Fisher and Thomas More

1600 Wedding of Henry Somerset and Anne Russell

1664 Great Plague of London

1665 Battle of Lowestoft

1666 Four Days' Battle

1815 Battle of Quatre Bras

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 16th June

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 16 Jun 1056. This year Bishop Egelric resigned his bishopric at Durham, and retired to Peterborough minster [Map]; and his brother Egelwine succeeded him. The worthy Bishop Athelstan died on the fourth before the ides of February; and his body lies at Hereford [Map]. To him succeeded Leofgar, who was Earl Harold's mass-priest. He wore his knapsack in his priesthood, until he was a bishop. He abandoned his chrism and his rood-his ghostly weapons-and took to his spear and to his sword, after his bishophood; and so marched to the field against Griffin the Welsh king.79 But he was there slain, and his priests with him, and Elnoth the sheriff, and many other good men with them; and the rest fled. This was eight nights before midsummer. Difficult is it to relate all the vexation and the journeying, the marching and the fatigue, the fall of men, and of horses also, which the whole army of the English suffered, until Earl Leofric, and Earl Harold (age 34), and Bishop Eldred, came together and made peace between them; so that Griffin swore oaths, that he would be a firm and faithful viceroy to King Edward. Then Bishop Eldred took to the bishopric which Leofgar had before eleven weeks and four days.

Note 79. This was no uncommon thing among the Saxon clergy, bishops and all. The tone of elevated diction in which the writer describes the military enterprise of Leofgar and his companions, testifies his admiration.

On 16 Jun 1056 Bishop Leofgar of Hereford was killed at the Battle of Glasbury-on-Wye.

John of Worcester. 16 Jun 1056. Athelstan, bishop of Hereford, a man of great sanctity, died on the fourth of the ides [the 10th] of February, at the episcopal vill called Bosanbyrig [Bosbury]; his body was carried to Hereford, and buried in the church [Map] which he himself had built from the foundations. He was succeeded by Leovegar, earl Harold's chaplain, who, on the sixteenth of the calends [the 16th] of June in the same year, together with his clerks and Ethelnoth the vice-reeve and many others, was massacred by Griffyth, king of Wales, at a place called Claftbyrig [Map]. He held the see only eleven weeks and four days. On his being thus cut off, the bishopric of Hereford was administered by Aldred, bishop of Worcester, until a successor could be appointed. This same bishop Aldred and the earls Leofric and Harold (age 34) afterwards reconciled Griffyth, king of Wales, with king Edward.

On 16 Jun 1272 King Edward "Longshanks" I of England (age 32) was attacked by an assasin who stabbed him with a poisoned dagger. He survived but was in a weakened state for some time.

On 16 Jun 1467 a great banquet was hosted by the King's older sister Anne York Duchess Exeter (age 27) and, in the absence of her husband Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter (age 36) who remained, her future husband Thomas St Leger (age 27). King Edward IV of England (age 25) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England (age 30) attended as did Antoine "Bastard of Burgundy" (age 46).

On 16 Jun 1483 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier (age 65) removed Edward IV's youngest son Richard of Shrewsbury 1st Duke of York (age 9) from Sanctuary in Westminster Abbey [Map] to the Tower of London [Map] so that he could join his brother in preparation for his Coronation. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham (age 28) was present.

Wriothesley's Chronicle 1485-1509. 16 Jun 1487. The Earle of Lincolne (age 25)1, the Lord Lovell (age 31), and one Martin Swarte, a straunger, slayne all in a feild that they made againste the Kinge.2

Note 1. John Earl of Lincoln (age 25) was son of John de la Pole (age 44), Duke of Suffolk, and of Elizabeth (age 43), eldest sister of Edward IV.

Note 2. This battle was fought at the village of Stoke [Map], near Newark [Map], 16th June, 1487, when Lambert Simnel (age 10) was made prisoner.

On 16 Jun 1487 a Lancastrian army defeated a Yorkist army at the Battle of Stoke Field; considered by many to be the last battle of the Wars of the Roses.

The Lancastrian army of Henry Tudor comprised:

John de Vere 13th Earl of Oxford (age 44).

Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford (age 55).

George Talbot 4th Earl of Shrewsbury (age 19).

Henry Willoughby (age 36).

John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne (age 45).

John Mordaunt (age 31).

Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer of Snape (age 19).

William Norreys (age 46).

Edward Norreys (age 23) wounded.

John Paston (age 43).

George Stanley 9th Baron Strange Knockin 5th Baron Mohun Dunster (age 27).

Edward Woodville Lord Scales (age 31).

Thomas Lovell, knighted.

Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney (age 40).

Edward Belknapp of Blackfriars in London

William Lyttelton (age 37) who was knighted after the battle.

The Yorksists:

John de la Pole 1st Earl Lincoln (age 25) was killed. Earl Lincoln extinct.

Thomas Fitzgerald (age 29) and Martin Schwartz were killed.

Lambert Simnel (age 10) fought and was captured. He was pardoned by King Henry VII and put to work in the in the royal kitchen as a spit-turner. When he grew older, he became a falconer. Almost no information about his later life is known.

Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell (age 31) fought and escaped. He was attainted. Baron Deincourt, Baron Lovel of Titchmarsh, Baron Holand forfeit.

On 16 Jun 1487 George Talbot 4th Earl of Shrewsbury (age 19) was appointed 234th Knight of the Garter by King Henry VII of England and Ireland (age 30).

On 16 Jun 1497 the rebel army reached Blackheath, Greenwich [Map] where they expected to be met by an army of Kent rebels. No uprising had taken place in Kent in their support. Contrarily, Kent forces had mobilised for the King under George Grey 2nd Earl Kent (age 43). In view of this thousands deserted overnight.

Letters and Papers 1528. 16 Jun 1528. Love Letters XII. 4383. Henry VIII (age 36) to Anne Boleyn (age 27).

There came to me in the night the most afflicting news possible. I have to grieve for three causes: first, to hear of my mistress's (age 27) sickness, whose health I desire as my own, and would willingly bear the half of yours to cure you; secondly, because I fear to suffer yet longer that absence which has already given me so much pain, God deliver me from such an importunate rebel!; thirdly, because the physician I trust most is at present absent when he could do me the greatest pleasure. However, in his absence, I send you the second, praying God he may soon make you well, and I shall love him the better. I beseech you to be governed by his advice, and then I hope to see you soon again!

Letters and Papers 1535. 16 Jun 1535. Vienna Archives. 876. Chapuys to Charles V.

This morning I received your letters of the 29th ult. concerning your embarkation. At the same time the ambassador of France here resident has heard from the sieur de Vely that your Majesty intended to go straight to Constantinople, without stopping at Tunis, against Barbarossa, not to lose the season and opportunity so convenient for reconquering Constantinople and the rest of Greece; that to this you were induced by the persuading of the Venetian ambassador, who undertook that the said Barbarossa should do no injury to Christendom. These news the said Ambassador has communicated to several persons, and, among others, to the Venetian secretary, who is ViceAmbassador here, whom, as he himself reported to me, the said Ambassador sent for this morning to inform him. It is probable these news have not been invented or published without some hidden purpose (mistére).

As soon as this King heard that the Bishop of Rochester (age 65) had been created a cardinal he declared in anger several times that he would give him another hat, and send the head afterwards to Rome for the Cardinal's hat. He sent immediately afterwards to the Tower those of his Council to summon again the said Bishop and Master Mur (age 57) to swear to the King as Head of the Church, otherwise, before St. John's Day they would be executed as traitors. But it has been impossible to gain them, either by promises or threats, and it is believed they will soon be executed. But as they are persons of unequalled reputation in this kingdom, the King, to appease the murmurs of the world, has already on Sunday last caused preachers to preach against them in most of the churches here, and this will be continued next Sunday; and although there is no lawful occasion to put them to death, the King is seeking if anything can be found against them,—especially if the said Bishop has made suit for the hat; to find out which several persons have been taken prisoners, both of his kinsmen and of those who kept him in prison. It is impossible to describe the distress of the Queen and Princess on account of these two persons, and they are not without fear that after them matters may be carried further than I have hitherto written (que apres iceulx le sort pourroil passer plus avant que jay cydevant escript). Since the said news of the Bishop's creation as cardinal, the King, in hatred of the Holy See, has despatched mandates and letters patents to the bishops, curates, and others commissioned to preach, that they continually preach certain articles against the Church, and to schoolmasters to instruct their scholars to revile apostolic authority, and this under pain of rebellion; also that the Pope's name should be rased out of all mass books, breviaries, and hours, either in the calendar or elsewhere. It was also commanded that in all churches the Gospels should be read in French (qu. English?) to infect all the people with Lutheranism, and make them more obstinate in repelling any foreign invasion. The King, so far as I see, is not only provoked at the said Bishop being made cardinal, but also at the bishop of Paris, in whom he had always had great confidence, because previous to this creation he was considered a bad Papist. He has also no great pleasure in the Auditor of the Chamber, and to soothe him the Lady lately made him a feast in a house of hers, where she got up several fine mummeries. She invited many, and the French ambassador was not pleased at being forgotten. The said Lady had so well banquetted and mummed, that, as the Princess has sent this day to inform me, the King dotes upon her more than ever; which increases greatly the fear of the said Princess, owing to the long delay of the remedy, which, it is the universal opinion, would be sure and easy if your Majesty prohibited intercourse with your countries, provided affairs would admit of it. This a number of good and notable persons have compelled me to repeat.

Letters 1536. 16 Jun 1536. R. O. 1147. Antony Waite to Lady Lisle (age 42).

Received her letters this morning, and is glad she and Lord Lisle (age 72) are well. She must not think his slack writing is due to unthankful forgetfulness of her kindness. Has always sent his recommendations to her in his letters to Lord Lisle (age 72) sent by Worley and others. His master is in health and merry, as a man of his age may. These few days past he has resigned his Bishopric to Dr. Sampson, the dean of the King's chapel, at the King's request. He is in great favor with the King, and has always been a just and faithful councillor. He was consecrated, with the Abbot of St. Benet's, now Bishop of Norwich, on Trinity Sunday last, and yesterday performed mass before the King and Queen (age 27) at Westminster. They came thither on horseback from Newe Hall, with two archbishops, bishops, dukes, marquises, lords, barons, abbots, and justices, with a great part of the "noblenes" of the realm, and with no less solemnity went a procession after the blessed sacrament, to the great comfort and rejoysance of a great multitude of his subjects, who at that time were there gathered to see his Grace and the Queen, who is a very amiable lady, and of whom we all have great hope. London, the morrow of Corpus Christi Day.

His cousin Waytte and his wife are merry, and desire to be recommended. Hol., pp. 2. Add.: At Calais.

On 16 Jun 1600 Henry Somerset 1st Marquess Worcester (age 23) and Anne Russell 2nd Marchioness Worcester (age 22) were married. He the son of Edward Somerset 4th Earl of Worcester (age 50) and Elizabeth Hastings Countess of Worcester (age 54).

Mary Fitton (age 21) led a Masque in celebration at the Blackfriars residence of Henry Brooke 11th Baron Cobham (age 35) with Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (age 66) and William Herbert 3rd Earl Pembroke (age 20) attending. She, Mary soon afterwards became the mistress of William Herbert 3rd Earl Pembroke (age 20) and soon became pregnant.

On 16 Jun 1601 Lewis Mordaunt 3rd Baron Mordaunt (age 62) died at Drayton, Northamptonshire [Map]. His son Henry Mordaunt 4th Baron Mordaunt (age 34) succeeded 4th Baron Mordaunt.

He was buried at All Saints Church, Turvey [Map] where he has a black-painted alabaster pall and black marble slab. The Mordaunt crest appears to have changed to an African woman.

Henry Mordaunt 4th Baron Mordaunt: In 1567 he was born to Lewis Mordaunt 3rd Baron Mordaunt. Before 1608 Henry Mordaunt 4th Baron Mordaunt and Margaret Compton Baroness Mordaunt were married. She by marriage Baroness Mordaunt. She the daughter of Henry Compton 1st Baron Compton and Anne Spencer Countess Dorset. In 1608 Henry Mordaunt 4th Baron Mordaunt died. His son John Mordaunt 1st Earl Peterborough succeeded 5th Baron Mordaunt.

On 01 May 1632 Frances Coleclough (age 74) died. She was buried at St Oswald's Church, Brereton [Map].

On 16 Jun 1643 William Smethwich (age 91) died. He was buried at St Oswald's Church, Brereton [Map]

Inscriptions on the monument "Here lieth the body of William Smethwicke of Smethwicke esq. who, mindful of his death, erected this monument for himself and, his wife, pious to God, pious in good workes which William was born Oct. 1, Anno D'ni 1551 and died June 16 Anno Dni' 1643." and

"Here alsoe lieth the body of Frances Smethwicke, daughter of Sir Anthony Coleclough, Knight, married to William Smethwicke aforesaid and lived in wedlocke with him 48 years a devout and hospitall matron, born Anno Dom: 1557, in the Castle of Kildare, in Ireland, Novemb. 6, and died 1st of May, 1632."

Frances Coleclough: On 06 Nov 1557 she was born to Anthony Coleclough at Kildare Castle. In 1585 William Smethwich and she were married.

William Smethwich: On 01 Oct 1551 he was born to Thomas Smethwick and Ann Vernon.

On 19 Apr 1633 Abraham Hill FRS was born to Richard Hill of Lime Street and Agnes Trewolla. He was baptised on 16 Jun 1635 at St Dionis Backchurch.

On 16 Jun 1653 James Bertie 1st Earl of Abingdon was born to Montagu Bertie 2nd Earl Lindsey (age 45) and Bridget Wray Countess Lindsey (age 26). Coefficient of inbreeding 2.35%.

Around 16 Jun 1662 Mary Witham 1st Baronetess Bolles (deceased) was buried at All Saints Church, Ledsham [Map] some six weeks after her death as stipulated by her will by which she provided £120 to "retain her kindred, friends and servants together, and to entertain other persons ordinary and extraordinary". Shroud Monument.

Her tomb consists of a large block of white marble on a black slab on which her finely carved effigy rests showing her in a winding sheet. The black slab is supported by black pillars with white capitals and base.

At the head of the tomb are the arms Witham as a widow: Or three eaglets overall a bend gules. The Witham crest: Out of a ducal coronet or a demi-woman hair dishevelled holding in dester hand a gem ring.

At the sides Jobson (impaling Witham and Bolles implaing Witham.

The inscription ...

Here under, lyeth interred the Body of the Right Worshipful Dame Mary Bolles of Heath Hall, in the County of York, Baronetess, on of the daughters of William Witham, of the worshipful and ancient Family of Witham of Leadstone Hall, in the County aforesaid, Esquire; who married to her first husband Thomas Jobson of Cudworth, in the said County, Esquire, by whom she had issue Thomas Jobson, Esquire, and Elizabeth, who married Thomas Sheerebrooke of Oxon, in the Country of Nottingham, Esquire. The said Dame Mary Bolles had to her second husband Thomas Bolles of Asbarstone, in the Country of Nottingham, Esquire; by who she had issue Ann, married the Right Worshipful Sir William Dalston of Dalston, in the County of Cumberland, King and Baronet; and Mary, who married Thomas Legh of Alington, in the County of Cheshire, Esquire. The said Dame Mary Bolles, being 83 years of age, departed this mortal life at Heath Hall, aforesaid, the 5 day of May, in the year of our Lord 1662.

Her bowels were buried at the Church of St Peter Kirkthorpe [Map].

Thomas Jobson of Cudworth: In or before 1600 he and Mary Witham 1st Baronetess Bolles were married. On 21 Nov 1606 he died.

Pepy's Diary. 16 Jun 1664. He being gone I to the 'Change [Map], Mr. Creed with me, after we had been by water to see a vessell we have hired to carry more soldiers to Tangier, and also visited a rope ground, wherein I learnt several useful things. The talk upon the 'Change [Map] is, that De Ruyter (age 57) is dead, with fifty men of his own ship, of the plague, at Cales: that the Holland Embassador here do endeavour to sweeten us with fair words; and things likely to be peaceable.

Pepy's Diary. 16 Jun 1665. Captain Grove the Duke (age 31) told us this day, hath done the basest thing at Lowestoffe, in hearing of the guns, and could not (as others) be got out, but staid there; for which he will be tried; and is reckoned a prating coxcombe, and of no courage.

Pepy's Diary. 16 Jun 1665. Strange to hear how the Dutch do relate, as the Duke says, that they are the conquerors; and bonefires are made in Dunkirke in their behalf; though a clearer victory can never be expected. Mr. Coventry (age 37) thinks they cannot have lost less than 6000 men, and we not dead above 200, and wounded about 400; in all about 600.

Pepy's Diary. 16 Jun 1666. At noon home to dinner and then down to Woolwich, Kent [Map] and Deptford, Kent [Map] to look after things, my head akeing from the multitude of businesses I had in my head yesterday in settling my accounts. All the way down and up, reading of "The Mayor of Quinborough", a simple play. At Deptford, Kent [Map], while I am there, comes Mr. Williamson (age 32), Sir Arthur Ingram (age 49) and Jacke Fen, to see the new ships, which they had done, and then I with them home in their boat, and a very fine gentleman Mr. Williamson (age 32) is. It seems the Dutch do mightily insult of their victory, and they have great reason1. Sir William Barkeley (deceased) was killed before his ship taken; and there he lies dead in a sugar-chest, for every body to see, with his flag standing up by him. And Sir George Ascue (age 50) is carried up and down the Hague for people to see. Home to my office, where late, and then to bed.

Note 1. This treatment seems to have been that of the Dutch populace alone, and there does not appear to have been cause of complaint against the government. Respecting Sir W. Berkeley's (deceased) body the following notice was published in the "London Gazette" of July 15th, 1666 (No. 69 [Note. actually issue 70]) "Whitehall, July 15. This day arrived a Trumpet from the States of Holland, who came over from Calais in the Dover packet-boat, with a letter to his Majesty, that the States have taken order for the embalming the body of Sir William Berkeley, which they have placed in the chapel of the great church at the Hague, a civility they profess to owe to his corpse, in respect to the quality of his person, the greatness of his command, and of the high courage and valour he showed in the late engagement; desiring his Majesty to signify his pleasure about the further disposal of it". "Frederick Ruysch, the celebrated Dutch anatomist, undertook, by order of the States-General, to inject the body of the English Admiral Berkeley, killed in the sea-fight of 1666; and the body, already somewhat decomposed, was sent over to England as well prepared as if it had been the fresh corpse of a child. This produced to Ruysch, on the part of the States-General, a recompense worthy of their liberality, and the merit of the anatomist", "James's Medical Dictionary"..

Evelyn's Diary. 16 Jun 1683. I went to Windsor [Map], dining by the way at Chiswick, at Sir Stephen Fox's (age 56), where I found Sir Robert Howard (that universal pretender), and Signor Verrio (age 47), who brought his draught and designs for the painting of the staircase of Sir Stephen's (age 56) new house.

Evelyn's Diary. 16 Jun 1683. That which was new at Windsor [Map] since I was last there, and was surprising to me, was the incomparable fresco painting in St. George's Hall, representing the legend of St. George, and triumph of the Black Prince, and his reception by Edward III.; the volto, or roof, not totally finished; then the Resurrection in the Chapel, where the figure of the Ascension is, in my opinion, comparable to any paintings of the most famous Roman masters; the Last Supper, also over the altar. I liked the contrivance of the unseen organ behind the altar, nor less the stupendous and beyond all description the incomparable carving of our Gibbons (age 35), who is, without controversy, the greatest master both for invention and rareness of work, that the world ever had in any age; nor doubt I at all that he will prove as great a master in the statuary art.

Evelyn's Diary. 16 Jun 1689. Our fleet not yet at sea, through some prodigious sloth, and men minding only their present interest; the French riding masters at sea, taking many great prizes to our wonderful reproach. No certain news from Ireland; various reports of Scotland; discontents at home. The King of Denmark (age 43) at last joins with the Confederates, and the two Northern Powers are reconciled. The East India Company likely to be dissolved by Parliament for many arbitrary actions. Oates acquitted of perjury, to all honest men's admiration.

Evelyn's Diary. 16 Jun 1689. King James's (age 55) declaration was now dispersed, offering pardon to all, if on his landing, or within twenty days after, they should return to their obedience.

On 16 Jun 1737 Mary Lister Countess of Deloraine (age 32) died. She was buried at Lincoln Cathedral [Map].

Mary Lister Countess of Deloraine: On 04 Nov 1704 she was born to Matthew Lister. Before 1732 Thomas Heardson and she were married. On 29 Oct 1732 Francis Scott 2nd Earl Deloraine and she were married. She by marriage Countess Deloraine. He the son of Henry Scott 1st Earl Deloraine and Anne Duncombe Countess Deloraine. He a great grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 16 Jun 1742 Louise Élisabeth Bourbon Queen Consort Spain (age 32) died.

On 16 Jun 1815 Henry William Paget 1st Marquess Anglesey (age 47) fought and Algernon Frederick Greville (age 16) fought.

James Hay (age 18) was killed.

Fletcher Norton 3rd Baron Grantley (age 16) fought.

General Mildmay Fane (age 20) and Thomas Elmsley Croft 7th Baronet (age 16) were wounded.

Section I Tumuli 1843. The first tumulus opened this season was situate upon the Meadow-place Farm, near Yolgrave, and is generally known as Bee Lowe [Map]; it was decided upon to open it on the 16th of June, when it was found to be impossible to excavate it in a proper manner, owing to the trees growing upon the sides; therefore the only method of examining it was by sinking a hole down the centre of the mound, which consisted of loose earth and stones, amongst which a profusion of rats' bones was met with. In the course of this excavation the broken fragments of a human skeleton were turned up, which made it evident that one interment at least had been disturbed at some former period. Amongst these bones were found a small arrow-head of flint, elegantly formed, two rude instruments of the same material, and about half a dozen horse's teeth. On reaching the native soil, which was about four feet from the top of the barrow, the primary deposit was found, consisting of burnt bones, amongst which was part of a bone pin, also calcined; and near to the same place lay some fragments of a well-baked clay urn, very tastefully ornamented with a chevron pattern, and which had been of the form of vessel designated "drinking cups" by Sir Richard Hoare, by which name they will be distinguished in the subsequent parts of this work, as a simple way of expressing their difference from the sepulchral urns and incense cups, although it is by no means certain that they were made use of for the purpose implied by the words "drinking cup."

On 16 Jun 1858 Gustav V King Sweden was born to King Oscar II of Sweden and Norway (age 29) and Queen Sophia of Sweden and Norway (age 21).

On 16 Jun 1875 Henry Cyril "Toppy" Paget 5th Marquess Anglesey was born to Henry Paget 4th Marquess Anglesey (age 39) and Blanche Mary Boyd in Paris [Map]. There were rumours his biological father was Benoît Constant Coquelin (age 34).

On 16 Jun 1894 William Calder Marshall (age 81) died. He was buried at Kensal Green Cemetery.

On 16 Jun 1912 Hemming Robeson died. Monument in Tewkesbury Abbey [Map], sculpted by Percy Bryant Baker (age 30), was dedicated.

Hemming Robeson: In 1892 he was appointed Archdeacon Bristol which post he held until 1904.

Births on the 16th June

On 16 Jun 1320 Isabel St Leger was born to John St Leger of Offley (age 26).

On 16 Jun 1514 John Cheke was born to Peter Cheke at Cambridge [Map].

On or before 16 Jun 1605 Katherine Parr was born to Christopher Parr. She was baptised at Kelling, Holt on 16 Jun 1605.

On 16 Jun 1606 Arthur Chichester 1st Earl Donegal was born to Edward Chichester 1st Viscount Chichester (age 38) and Anne Copleston (age 18).

On 16 Jun 1621 Edward Proger was born. Some sources state 1618.

On 19 Apr 1633 Abraham Hill FRS was born to Richard Hill of Lime Street and Agnes Trewolla. He was baptised on 16 Jun 1635 at St Dionis Backchurch.

On 16 Jun 1653 James Bertie 1st Earl of Abingdon was born to Montagu Bertie 2nd Earl Lindsey (age 45) and Bridget Wray Countess Lindsey (age 26). Coefficient of inbreeding 2.35%.

On 16 Jun 1659 Henry Winchcombe 2nd Baronet was born to Henry Winchcombe 1st Baronet (age 16).

On 16 Jun 1681 Christiane Sophie Saxe Coburg Saalfeld was born to John Ernest Saxe Coburg Saalfeld IV Duke Saxe Coburg Saalfeld (age 22) and Sophie Hedwig Saxe Merseburg Duchess Saxe Coburg Saalfeld at Saalfield.

On 16 Jun 1704 Edward Ward 9th Baron Dudley 4th Baron Ward was born to Edward Ward 8th Baron Dudley 3rd Baron Ward and Diana Howard. His father had died three months before. On 06 Sep 1731 Edward Ward 9th Baron Dudley 4th Baron Ward (age 27) died unmarried. His uncle William Ward 10th Baron Dudley 5th Baron Ward (age 18) succeeded 10th Baron Sutton of Dudley, 5th Baron Ward of Birmingham.

On 16 Jun 1723 John Gambier was born to James Gambier (age 33)

On 16 Jun 1733 Frances Douglas was born to James Douglas 14th Earl Morton (age 31) and Agatha Halyburton at Aberdour.

On 16 Jun 1754 Peter Burrell Baron Willoughby, 1st Baron Gwydyr was born to Peter Burrell (age 29) and Elizabeth Lewis.

On 16 Jun 1765 Theodosia Maria Ashburnham was born to John Ashburnham 2nd Earl Ashburnham (age 40) and Elizabeth Crowley Countess Ashburham.

After 16 Jun 1767 Charlotte Georgiana Jerningam was born to William Jerningham of Cossey Park 6th Baronet (age 31) and Frances Dillon (age 20). She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 16 Jun 1769 Harriet Hale Baroness Dundas was born to General John Hale (age 41).

On 16 Jun 1805 Thomas Angus Constable was born to Charles Constable aka Stanley (age 41) and Mary Macdonald.

On 16 Jun 1809 William Towry Law was born.

On 16 Jun 1834 Blanche Eliza Howard was born to Henry Howard 2nd Earl of Effingham (age 27) and Eliza Drummond Baroness Howard (age 23).

On 16 Jun 1858 Gustav V King Sweden was born to King Oscar II of Sweden and Norway (age 29) and Queen Sophia of Sweden and Norway (age 21).

On 16 Jun 1863 Major-General Vere Bonamy Fane was born to Captain Henry John Fane (age 27).

On 16 Jun 1872 Hilda Madeline Brassey Duchess Richmond was born to Henry Brassey (age 31).

On 16 Jun 1875 Henry Cyril "Toppy" Paget 5th Marquess Anglesey was born to Henry Paget 4th Marquess Anglesey (age 39) and Blanche Mary Boyd in Paris [Map]. There were rumours his biological father was Benoît Constant Coquelin (age 34).

On 16 Jun 1881 Ruth Seymour was born to Ernest James Seymour (age 31) and Georgiana Seymour Fortescue (age 29). Coefficient of inbreeding 1.58%.

On 16 Jun 1887 Ivy Gordon-Lennox Duchess Portland was born to Algernon Charles Gordon-Lennox (age 39) and Blanche Maynard (age 23).

On 16 Jun 1919 Morys George Lyndhurst Bruce 4th Baron Aberdare was born to Clarence Bruce 3rd Baron Aberdare (age 33) and Margaret Bethune Black Baroness Aberdare.

On 16 Jun 1946 John Astor 3rd Baron Astor was born to Gavin Astor 2nd Baron Astor (age 28).

Marriages on the 16th June

On 16 Jun 1269 Richard of Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall (age 60) and Beatrice Falkenburg Countess Cornwall were married at Kaiserslautern. She by marriage Countess Cornwall. He the son of King John "Lackland" of England and Isabella of Angoulême Queen Consort England.

On 16 Jun 1407 John IV Count Armagnac (age 10) and Blanche Montfort Countess Armagnac (age 10) were married. She the daughter of John Montfort V Duke Brittany and Joanna of Navarre Queen Consort England (age 37). He the son of Bernard VII Count Armagnac (age 44) and Bonne Valois Countess Armagnac and Savoy (age 42). They were second cousins. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Henry III of England.

After 16 Jun 1422 Richard Molyneux (age 25) and Joan aka Jane Haydock (age 35) were married.

Around 16 Jun 1520 Alexander Gordon (age 15) and Janet Stewart were married. She the daughter of John Stewart 2nd Earl Atholl (age 45) and Janet Campbell Countess Atholl. He the son of Adam Gordon Earl Sutherland and Elizabeth Sutherland 10th Countess Sutherland. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 16 Jun 1548 Andrew Leslie 5th Earl Rothes (age 7) and Grizel Hamilton Countess Rothes were married. She by marriage Countess Rothes. He the son of George Leslie 4th Earl Rothes (age 63).

After 16 Jun 1574 Claud Hamilton 1st Lord Paisley (age 28) and Margaret Seton Lady Paisley (age 17) were married. He the son of James Hamilton 2nd Earl Arran (age 58) and Margaret Douglas Duchess Châtellerault. They were third cousin once removed.

On 16 Jun 1600 Henry Somerset 1st Marquess Worcester (age 23) and Anne Russell 2nd Marchioness Worcester (age 22) were married. He the son of Edward Somerset 4th Earl of Worcester (age 50) and Elizabeth Hastings Countess of Worcester (age 54).

Mary Fitton (age 21) led a Masque in celebration at the Blackfriars residence of Henry Brooke 11th Baron Cobham (age 35) with Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (age 66) and William Herbert 3rd Earl Pembroke (age 20) attending. She, Mary soon afterwards became the mistress of William Herbert 3rd Earl Pembroke (age 20) and soon became pregnant.

On 16 Jun 1605 Thomas Wodehouse 2nd Baronet (age 20) and Blanche Carey Lady Woodhouse were married.

On 16 Jun 1621 Ludovic Stewart 2nd Duke Lennox 1st Duke Richmond (age 46) and Frances Howard Duchess Lennox and Richmond (age 42) were married. She by marriage Duchess Lennox. He the son of Esme Stewart 1st Duke Lennox and Catherine Balsac Duchess Lennox.

On 16 Jun 1622 James Hamilton 1st Duke Hamilton (age 15) and Mary Feilding Duchess Hamilton (age 9) were married. She the daughter of William Feilding 1st Earl Denbigh (age 35) and Susan Villiers Countess Denbigh (age 39). He the son of James Hamilton 2nd Marquess Hamilton (age 33) and Ann Cunningham Marchioness Hamilton (age 37).

Before 16 Jun 1659 Henry Winchcombe 1st Baronet (age 16) and Frances Howard Lady Winchcombe were married. She by marriage Lady Winchcombe of Bucklebury in Berkshire. She the daughter of Thomas Howard 3rd Earl Berkshire (age 39).

On 16 Jun 1674 Daniel Finch 2nd Earl Nottingham 7th Earl Winchilsea (age 26) and Essex Rich 2nd Countess Nottingham (age 22) were married. She the daughter of Robert Rich 3rd Earl Warwick and Anne Cheeke Countess Warwick. He the son of Heneage Finch 1st Earl Nottingham (age 52) and Elizabeth Harvey Baroness Finch (age 47).

On 16 Jun 1739 Robert Ker 2nd Duke Roxburghe (age 30) and Essex Mostyn Duchess Roxburghe were married. He the son of John Ker 1st Duke Roxburghe (age 59) and Mary Finch Duchess Roxburghe (age 62). They were half first cousins.

On 16 Jun 1763 Archbishop William Beresford 1st Baron Decies (age 20) and Elizabeth Fitzgibbon (age 27) were married. He the son of Marcus Beresford 1st Earl Tyrone and Catherine Power Countess Tyrone (age 61).

On 16 Jun 1767 William Jerningham of Cossey Park 6th Baronet (age 31) and Frances Dillon (age 20) were married. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 16 Jun 1770 James Quaile Somerville 3rd Baronet and Catherine Crofton were married.

On 16 Jun 1789 Thomas Lockwood and Charlotte Manners-Sutton were married.

On 16 Jun 1795 Richard Bedingfeld 5th Baronet (age 27) and Charlotte Georgiana Jerningam (age 27) were married at St George's Church, Hanover Square. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 16 Jun 1816 Augustus Fitzgerald 3rd Duke Leinster (age 24) and Charlotte Augusta Stanhope Duchess Leinster (age 23) were married. She by marriage Duchess Leinster. She the daughter of Charles Stanhope 3rd Earl of Harrington (age 63) and Jane Fleming Countess Harrington (age 61). He the son of William Robert Fitzgerald 2nd Duke Leinster and Emilia St George Duchess Leinster. They were half fourth cousins. He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 16 Jun 1827 William Beauclerk 9th Duke St Albans (age 26) and Harriet Mellon Duchess St Albans (age 49) were married. She by marriage Duchess St Albans. The difference in their ages was 23 years; she, unusually, being older than him. He the son of William Beauclerk 8th Duke St Albans and Maria Janetta Nelthorpe Duchess St Albans. He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 16 Jun 1827 Edward Berkeley Fitzharding 1st Viscount Portman (age 27) and Emma Lascelles Baroness Portman (age 18) were married. She the daughter of Henry Lascelles 2nd Earl Harewood (age 59) and Henrietta Sebright Countess Harewood.

On 16 Jun 1828 Edward Stafford-Jerningham (age 23) and Marianne Smythe were married. He a great x 4 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 16 Jun 1887 Reverend John Otter Stephens (age 55) and Emma Charlotte Leslie-Melville were married.

On 16 Jun 1906 Charles Robert Grey 5th Earl Grey (age 26) and Mabel Laura Georgiana Palmer Countess Grey (age 21) were married. She the daughter of William Palmer 2nd Earl Selborne (age 46) and Beatrix Maud Gascoyne-Cecil Countess Selborne (age 48). He the son of Albert Henry George Grey 4th Earl Grey (age 54) and Alice Holford Countess Grey.

Before 16 Jun 1919 Clarence Bruce 3rd Baron Aberdare (age 33) and Margaret Bethune Black Baroness Aberdare were married. She by marriage Baroness Aberdare of Duffryn in Glamorganshire.

On 16 Jun 1930 Richard Charles Geers Cotterell 5th Baronet (age 23) and Lettice Lygon (age 24) were married. She the daughter of William Lygon 7th Earl Beauchamp (age 58) and Lettice Mary Elizabeth Grosvenor Countess Beauchamp (age 53).

Deaths on the 16th June

On 16 Jun 840 Rorgon Count Rennes I Count Maine died. His brother Gauzbert Rorgonide I Count Maine succeeded I Count Maine.

On 16 Jun 956 Hugh "Great" Capet Count Paris (age 58) died.

On 16 Jun 1056 Bishop Leofgar of Hereford was killed at the Battle of Glasbury-on-Wye.

On 16 Jun 1185 Richeza Poland (age 45) died.

On 16 Jun 1190 Alice Berkeley Baroness Berkeley (age 55) died.

On 16 Jun 1202 Aymer Angoulême I Count Angoulême (age 42) died.

On 16 Jun 1363 Joan de Multon Baroness Fitzwalter (age 59) died.

On 16 Jun 1397 Philip Artois Count Eu (age 40) died at Turkey.

On 16 Jun 1422 Hugh Courtenay 12th Earl Devon (age 33) died. His son Thomas Courtenay 13th Earl Devon (age 8) succeeded 13th Earl Devon, 8th Baron Okehampton, 6th Baron Courtenay. Margaret Beaufort Countess Devon (age 13) by marriage Countess Devon.

On 16 Jun 1422 Helen Harrington (age 24) died.

On 16 Jun 1487 a Lancastrian army defeated a Yorkist army at the Battle of Stoke Field; considered by many to be the last battle of the Wars of the Roses.

The Lancastrian army of Henry Tudor comprised:

John de Vere 13th Earl of Oxford (age 44).

Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford (age 55).

George Talbot 4th Earl of Shrewsbury (age 19).

Henry Willoughby (age 36).

John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne (age 45).

John Mordaunt (age 31).

Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer of Snape (age 19).

William Norreys (age 46).

Edward Norreys (age 23) wounded.

John Paston (age 43).

George Stanley 9th Baron Strange Knockin 5th Baron Mohun Dunster (age 27).

Edward Woodville Lord Scales (age 31).

Thomas Lovell, knighted.

Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney (age 40).

Edward Belknapp of Blackfriars in London

William Lyttelton (age 37) who was knighted after the battle.

The Yorksists:

John de la Pole 1st Earl Lincoln (age 25) was killed. Earl Lincoln extinct.

Thomas Fitzgerald (age 29) and Martin Schwartz were killed.

Lambert Simnel (age 10) fought and was captured. He was pardoned by King Henry VII and put to work in the in the royal kitchen as a spit-turner. When he grew older, he became a falconer. Almost no information about his later life is known.

Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell (age 31) fought and escaped. He was attainted. Baron Deincourt, Baron Lovel of Titchmarsh, Baron Holand forfeit.

After 16 Jun 1487 Edward Norreys (age 23) died.

On 16 Jun 1499 Edward Trussell (age 21) died.

On 16 Jun 1536 Randle Brereton of Malpas (age 84) died.

On 16 Jun 1540 Margaret Bostock (age 32) died.

On 16 Jun 1571 Roger Vaughan (age 55) died.

On 16 Jun 1585 Elizabeth Sands (age 52) died at Berkeley House. She was buried at the St James' Church, Clerkenwell where a monument was constructed.

On 16 Jun 1588 Cotton Gargrave (age 48) died.

On 16 Jun 1588 Agnes Keith Countess Moray and Argyll (age 57) died.

On 16 Jun 1601 Lewis Mordaunt 3rd Baron Mordaunt (age 62) died at Drayton, Northamptonshire [Map]. His son Henry Mordaunt 4th Baron Mordaunt (age 34) succeeded 4th Baron Mordaunt.

He was buried at All Saints Church, Turvey [Map] where he has a black-painted alabaster pall and black marble slab. The Mordaunt crest appears to have changed to an African woman.

Henry Mordaunt 4th Baron Mordaunt: In 1567 he was born to Lewis Mordaunt 3rd Baron Mordaunt. Before 1608 Henry Mordaunt 4th Baron Mordaunt and Margaret Compton Baroness Mordaunt were married. She by marriage Baroness Mordaunt. She the daughter of Henry Compton 1st Baron Compton and Anne Spencer Countess Dorset. In 1608 Henry Mordaunt 4th Baron Mordaunt died. His son John Mordaunt 1st Earl Peterborough succeeded 5th Baron Mordaunt.

On 16 Jun 1601 Abell Makepeace (age 59) died at Chipping Warden.

On 16 Jun 1615 James Calthorpe (age 56) died.

On 16 Jun 1618 Cicely Unton (age 57) died.

On 16 Jun 1622 Alexander Seton 1st Earl Dunfermline (age 67) died. His son Charles Seton 2nd Earl Dunfermline (age 6) succeeded 2nd Earl Dunfermline.

On 16 Jun 1626 Christian Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (age 26) died.

On 01 May 1632 Frances Coleclough (age 74) died. She was buried at St Oswald's Church, Brereton [Map].

On 16 Jun 1643 William Smethwich (age 91) died. He was buried at St Oswald's Church, Brereton [Map]

Inscriptions on the monument "Here lieth the body of William Smethwicke of Smethwicke esq. who, mindful of his death, erected this monument for himself and, his wife, pious to God, pious in good workes which William was born Oct. 1, Anno D'ni 1551 and died June 16 Anno Dni' 1643." and

"Here alsoe lieth the body of Frances Smethwicke, daughter of Sir Anthony Coleclough, Knight, married to William Smethwicke aforesaid and lived in wedlocke with him 48 years a devout and hospitall matron, born Anno Dom: 1557, in the Castle of Kildare, in Ireland, Novemb. 6, and died 1st of May, 1632."

Frances Coleclough: On 06 Nov 1557 she was born to Anthony Coleclough at Kildare Castle. In 1585 William Smethwich and she were married.

William Smethwich: On 01 Oct 1551 he was born to Thomas Smethwick and Ann Vernon.

On 16 Jun 1642 William Seymour (age 21) died.

On 16 Jun 1661 Jane Barkham (age 65) died.

On 16 Jun 1663 Ellen Butler died.

On 16 Jun 1666 Richard Fanshawe 1st Baronet (age 58) died.

On 16 Jun 1679 Anne Soame Lady Abdy died.

In 16 Jun 1686 John Campbell 4th Baronet (age 79) died in Falkland Palace [Map].

On 16 Jun 1691 Hugh Bamfylde (age 28) died from a fall from a horse predeceasing his father.

On 16 Jun 1701 Tristram Beresford 3rd Baronet (age 32) died.

On 16 Jun 1706 Welbury Norton (age 74) died.

On 16 Jun 1711 Anthony Englefield (age 74) died.

On 16 Jun 1711 Maria Amalia of Courland Landgravine Hesse-Kassel (age 58) died.

On 16 Jun 1712 Dugald Stuart (age 46) died.

On 16 Jun 1737 Mary Lister Countess of Deloraine (age 32) died. She was buried at Lincoln Cathedral [Map].

Mary Lister Countess of Deloraine: On 04 Nov 1704 she was born to Matthew Lister. Before 1732 Thomas Heardson and she were married. On 29 Oct 1732 Francis Scott 2nd Earl Deloraine and she were married. She by marriage Countess Deloraine. He the son of Henry Scott 1st Earl Deloraine and Anne Duncombe Countess Deloraine. He a great grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 16 Jun 1740 Catherine Morice Lady St Aubyn died. She was buried at St Crewenna's Church, Crowan.

On 16 Jun 1742 Louise Élisabeth Bourbon Queen Consort Spain (age 32) died.

On 16 Jun 1743 Louise Françoise Bourbon (age 70) died.

On 16 Jun 1743 Montagu Venables Bertie 2nd Earl of Abingdon (age 70) died. His nephew Willoughby Bertie 3rd Earl of Abingdon (age 50) succeeded 3rd Earl Abingdon. Anna Maria Collins Countess Abingdon by marriage Countess Abingdon.

On 16 Jun 1752 Bishop Joseph Butler (age 60) died unmarried at Rosemead House Kingsmead Square Bath, Somerset. He was buried at Bristol Cathedral [Map].

On 16 Jun 1765 Catherine Stewart (age 60) died.

On 16 Jun 1771 Louis Bourbon Condé Count Clermont (age 62) died unmarried.

On 16 Jun 1778 Anne Pugh (age 85) died. She was buried at St Eurgain's and St Peter's Church, Northop [Map].

On 16 Jun 1794 Edward Vernon (age 71) died.

On 16 Jun 1797 Rebekah Clegg (age 31) died. She was buried at the Protestant Dissenters' burial ground in Manchester.

On 16 Jun 1811 Charles Bagenal Agar (age 41) died.

On 16 Jun 1815 Henry William Paget 1st Marquess Anglesey (age 47) fought and Algernon Frederick Greville (age 16) fought.

James Hay (age 18) was killed.

Fletcher Norton 3rd Baron Grantley (age 16) fought.

General Mildmay Fane (age 20) and Thomas Elmsley Croft 7th Baronet (age 16) were wounded.

On 16 Jun 1820 Charles Spencer (age 80) died.

On 16 Jun 1833 George Robert Heneage (age 64) died.

On 16 Jun 1835 Caroline Elizabeth Villiers Duchess Argyll (age 60) died.

On 16 Jun 1841 Hugh Fortescue 1st Earl Fortescue (age 88) died. His son Hugh Fortescue 2nd Earl Fortescue (age 58) succeeded 2nd Earl Fortescue, 2nd Viscount Ebrington of Ebrington in Gloucestershire, 4th Baron Fortescue of Castle Hill. Elizabeth Geale Countess Fortescue by marriage Countess Fortescue.

On 16 Jun 1843 General Edward William Leyborne Popham (age 78) died. He was buried at St Mary's Church, Chilton Foliat.

On 16 Jun 1848 Louis Hesse Darmstadt II Grand Duke (age 70) died. His son Louis Hesse Darmstadt III Grand Duke (age 42) succeeded III Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine.

On 16 Jun 1855 George Nathaniel Curzon (age 28) died.

On 16 Jun 1858 Charles Ogle 2nd Baronet (age 83) died. His son Chaloner Ogle 3rd Baronet (age 55) succeeded 3rd Baronet Ogle of Worthy in Hampshire.

On 20 Feb 1859 Mary Paget Countess Sandwich (age 46) died. Her remains were moved to All Saints Church, Barnwell [Map] on 16 Jun 1884.

On 04 Apr 1860 Sydney Montagu (age 17) died. His remains were moved to All Saints Church, Barnwell [Map] on 16 Jun 1884.

On 16 Jun 1868 Arthur Edward Valette Ponsonby (age 40) died.

On 16 Jun 1873 Mary Anne Cockayne (age 91) died.

On 03 Mar 1884 John William Montagu 7th Earl Sandwich (age 72) died. He was buried at All Saints Church, Barnwell [Map] on 16 Jun 1884 at which time the Montagu vault was closed. His son Edward Montagu 8th Earl Sandwich (age 44) succeeded 8th Earl Sandwich.

On 16 Jun 1888 Robert Edward Grosvenor (age 19) died.

On 16 Jun 1889 Mary Agnes Somerville Lady Biddulph (age 51) died.

On 16 Jun 1889 Leonora Pigot died.

On 16 Jun 1892 Elizabeth Louise Mary Monck died.

On 16 Jun 1893 Maud Frances Vivian (age 47) died.

On 16 Jun 1893 Hamilton James Tollemache (age 41) died.

On 16 Jun 1894 William Calder Marshall (age 81) died. He was buried at Kensal Green Cemetery.

On 16 Jun 1911 Sophia Ricketts Dalrymple nee Pattle (age 82) died.

On 16 Jun 1912 Hemming Robeson died. Monument in Tewkesbury Abbey [Map], sculpted by Percy Bryant Baker (age 30), was dedicated.

Hemming Robeson: In 1892 he was appointed Archdeacon Bristol which post he held until 1904.

On 16 Jun 1922 Harriet Castalia Godolphin Osborne (age 54) died.

On 16 Jun 1925 Charles Stewart Bonnett (age 72) died. He was buried at the Old Cemetery, Gorleston on Sea [Map].

On 16 Jun 1928 Frederick Smith 2nd Viscount Hambleden (age 59) died. His son William Smith 3rd Viscount Hambleden (age 24) succeeded 3rd Viscount Hambleden of Hambleden in Buckinghamshire.

On 16 Jun 1929 Theobald Butler (age 76) died.

On 16 Jun 1930 Osbert Molyneux 6th Earl Sefton (age 59) died. His son Hugh Molyneux 7th Earl of Sefton (age 31) succeeded 7th Earl Sefton, 14th Viscount Molyneux, 15th Baronet Molyneux of Sefton.

On 16 Jun 1936 Florence Sibell Bridgeman (age 59) died.

On 16 Jun 1938 Muriel Finch-Hatton (age 61) died.

On 16 Jun 1978 Diana Evelyn Percy Countess Ellesmere (age 60) died.

On 16 Jun 1992 Cyril Reginald Egerton (age 86) died.

On 16 Jun 2003 Elizabeth Rosamund Peyton (age 84) died.