On this Day in History ... 17 December

17 Dec is in December.

942 Assassination of William "Longsword"

1290 Eleanor Crosses

1399 Epiphany Rising

1538 Henry VIII Excommunicated

1559 Consecration of Matthew Parker as Archbishop of Canterbury

1664 Comet

1665 Great Plague of London

1688 Glorious Revolution

1903 First Powered Flight

Assassination of William "Longsword"

On 17 Dec 942 William "Longsword" Normandy I Duke Normandy (age 49) was assassinated at Picquigny by the followers of Arnulf "Great" I Count Flanders (age 52) with whom he was attending a peace conference. He was buried at Rouen Cathedral, Rouen. His son Richard "Fearless" Normandy I Duke Normandy (age 10) succeeded I Duke Normandy. Gunnora Countess Ponthieu by marriage Countess Ponthieu.

On 17 Dec 1195 Baldwin Flanders V Count Hainault (age 45) died.

Eleanor Crosses

Epiphany Rising

On 17 Dec 1399 the conspirators met at Abbey House Westminster Abbey [Map] including Thomas Blount (age 47), Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester (age 26), Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey (age 25), John Holland 1st Duke Exeter (age 47), Ralph Lumley 1st Baron Lumley (age 39), John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury (age 49), Edward York 2nd Duke of York 1st Duke Albemarle (age 26), Bernard Brocas (age 45). They plotted to capture Henry IV King England (age 32) at a Tournament in Windsor [Map] on the Feast of Epiphany hence the Epiphany Rising.

On 17 Dec 1419 William Gascoigne Chief Justice (age 69) died at Gawthorpe Hall [Map]. He was buried at All Saints Church Harewood [Map] with his wife Elizabeth Mowbray. He in judges robes with a gypciere. She wearing an elaborate Crespine Headress.

William Gascoigne Chief Justice: Around 1350 he was born to William Gascoigne VII (age 50) and Agnes Frank (age 25) at Gawthorpe Hall. Before 1396 William Gascoigne Chief Justice (age 46) and Elizabeth Mowbray (age 45) were married. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England. After 1396 William Gascoigne Chief Justice (age 46) and Joan Pickering (age 26) were married. The difference in their ages was 20 years. On 15 Nov 1400 William Gascoigne Chief Justice (age 50) was appointed Chief Justice of the King's Bench. Around Mar 1405 William Gascoigne Chief Justice (age 55) refused to pass sentence on Archbishop Richard Scrope (age 55) and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk 2nd Earl Nottingham (age 19) who were accused of involvement in the Northern Rising asserting their right to be tried by peers. They were both subsequently executed. On 03 Jun 1405 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter (age 28) arrived at York. The King denied the accused trial by their peers. Thomas Fitzalan 10th Earl Surrey 12th Earl Arundel (age 23) and Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter (age 28) sat in judgement of Archbishop Richard Scrope (age 55) and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk 2nd Earl Nottingham (age 19). William Gascoigne Chief Justice (age 55) refused to pronounce sentence on Archbishop Richard Scrope (age 55) and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk 2nd Earl Nottingham (age 19) asserting their right to be tried by their peers.

Elizabeth Mowbray: In 1350 she was born to Alexander Mowbray. In 1396 Elizabeth Mowbray (age 46) died.

On 17 Dec 1466 Richard Grey 3rd Earl Tankerville (age 30) died.

Henry VIII Excommunicated

On 17 Dec 1538 Henry VIII (age 47) was excommunicated by Pope Paul III (age 70).


Consecration of Matthew Parker as Archbishop of Canterbury

On 17 Dec 1559 Archbishop Matthew Parker (age 55) was consecrated Archbishop of Canterbury at Lambeth Palace [Map] by Bishop William Barlow (age 61).

Henry Machyn's Diary. 17 Dec 1559. The xvij day of Desember was the nuw byshope of [Canterbury,] doctur Parker (age 55), was mad ther at Lambeth.

On 17 Dec 1600 Henry IV King France (age 47) and Marie de Medici Queen Consort France (age 25) were married. She by marriage Queen Consort of France. The difference in their ages was 21 years. He the son of Antoine King Navarre and Jeanne Albret III Queen Navarre.

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On 17 Dec 1628 John Lucas 1st Baron Lucas Shenfield (age 22) and Mary Neville (age 17) were married.


Frances Knyvet Lady Bevill: On 06 May 1602 Francis Manners 6th Earl of Rutland (age 24) and Frances Knyvet Lady Bevill (age 36) were married. He the son of John Manners 4th Earl of Rutland and Elizabeth Charlton Countess Rutland. Before 06 Jan 1605 William Bevill and Frances Knyvet Lady Bevill (age 39) were married. Memorials of affairs of state in the reigns of Q Elizabeth and K James I Volume 2 Dudley Carleton to Mr Winwood Jan 1605. At Night we had the Queen's Maske in the Banqueting-House, or rather her Pagent. There was a great Engine at the lower end of the Room, which had Motion, and in it were the Images of Sea-Horses with other terrible Fishes, which were ridden by Moors: The Indecorum was, that there was all Fish and no Water. At the further end was a great Shell in form of a Skallop,wherein were four Seats; on the lowest sat the Queen (age 30) with my Lady Bedford (age 25); on the left were placed the Ladies Suffolk (age 41), Darby (age 29), Rich (age 42), Effingham (age 30), Ann Herbert (age 22), Susan Herbert (age 17), Elizabeth Howard (age 22), Walsingham (age 36) and Bevil (age 39). Their Apparell was rich, but too light and Currizan-light for such great ones. Instead of Vizzards, their Faces, and Arms up to the Elbows, were painted black, which was Disguise sufficient, for they were hard to be known; but it became them nothing so well as their red and white, and you cannot imagine a more ugly Sight, then a Troop of lean-cheeked Moors. The Spanish and Venetian Ambassadors were both present, and sate by the King in State; at which Monrieur Beaumont quarrells so extreamly, that he saith the whole Court is Spanish. But by his Favour, he should fall out with none but himself, for they were all indifferently invited to come as private Men, to a private Sport; which he resusing, the Spanish Ambassador willingly accepted, and being there, feeing no Cause to the contrary, he put off Don Taxis, and took upon him El Senor Embaxadour, wherein he outstript our little Monsieur. He was privately at the first Mask, and fate amongst his Men disguised; at this he was taken out to dance, and footed it like a lusty old Gallant with his Country Woman. He took out the Queen, and forgot not to kiss her Hand, though there was Danger it would have left a Mark on his Lips. The Night's Work was concluded with a Banquet in the great Chamber, which was so furioufly assaulted, that down went Table and Tresses before one bit was touched. They say the Duke Holst will come upon us with an after reckoning, and that we shall see him on Candlemas Night in a Mask, as he hath shewed himself a lusty Reveller all this Christmas.NOTEXT

Cecily Tufton Countess Rutland: She was born to John Tufton 1st Baronet. In or before 1607 Edward Hungerford and she were married. After 26 Oct 1608 Francis Manners 6th Earl of Rutland (age 30) and she were married. He the son of John Manners 4th Earl of Rutland and Elizabeth Charlton Countess Rutland. On 26 Jun 1612 Roger Manners 5th Earl of Rutland (age 35) died. He was buried at St Mary the Virgin Church, Bottesford, Leicestershire. His brother Francis Manners 6th Earl of Rutland (age 34) succeeded 6th Earl of Rutland 3C 1525. She by marriage Countess of Rutland. On 27 Jun 1618 William Cecil 16th Baron Ros Helmsley (age 28) died. His first cousin once removed Francis Manners 6th Earl of Rutland (age 40) succeeded 17th Baron Ros Helmsley. She by marriage Baroness Ros Helmsley. In 1653 she died.

Detail of his Leg Garter.

Detail of the Manner's family Peacock in Pride.

On 17 Dec 1650 George Seton 3rd Earl Winton (age 66) died. His grandson George Seton 4th Earl Winton (age 9) succeeded 4th Earl Winton.


On 17 Dec 1657 John Campbell 1st Earl Breadalbaine and Holland (age 21) and Mary Rich (age 21) were married. She the daughter of Henry Rich 1st Earl Holland and Isabel Cope Countess Holland.

1664 Comet

Pepy's Diary. 17 Dec 1664. So home and to my office, where late, and then home to bed. Mighty talke there is of this Comet that is seen a'nights; and the King (age 34) and Queene (age 55) did sit up last night to see it, and did, it seems. And to-night I thought to have done so too; but it is cloudy, and so no stars appear. But I will endeavour it. Mr. Gray did tell me to-night, for certain, that the Dutch, as high as they seem, do begin to buckle; and that one man in this Kingdom did tell the King (age 34) that he is offered £40,000 to make a peace, and others have been offered money also. It seems the taking of their Bourdeaux fleete thus, arose from a printed Gazette of the Dutch's boasting of fighting, and having beaten the English: in confidence whereof (it coming to Bourdeaux), all the fleete comes out, and so falls into our hands.

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Great Plague of London

Pepy's Diary. 17 Dec 1665. After dinner back again and to Deptford [Map] to Mr. Evelyn's (age 45), who was not within, but I had appointed my cozen Thos. Pepys of Hatcham to meet me there, to discourse about getting his £1000 of my Lord Sandwich (age 40), having now an opportunity of my having above that sum in my hands of his. I found this a dull fellow still in all his discourse, but in this he is ready enough to embrace what I counsel him to, which is, to write importunately to my Lord and me about it and I will look after it. I do again and again declare myself a man unfit to be security for such a sum. He walked with me as far as Deptford [Map] upper towne, being mighty respectfull to me, and there parted, he telling me that this towne is still very bad of the plague.

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On 17 Dec 1674 Philip "Infamous Earl" Herbert 7th Earl Pembroke 4th Earl Montgomery (age 22) and Henrietta Kéroualle Countess Pembroke and Montgomery were married. She by marriage Countess Pembroke, Countess Montgomery. He the son of Philip Herbert 5th Earl Pembroke 2nd Earl Montgomery and Catherine Villiers Countess Pembroke and Montgomery (age 53).

On 17 Dec 1681 Edward Villiers 1st Earl Jersey (age 25) and Barbara Chiffinch Countess Jersey (age 18) were married.


Evelyn's Diary. 17 Dec 1684. Early in the morning I went into St James' Park [Map] to see three Turkish or Asian horses, newly brought over, and now first shewed to his Ma* (age 54). There were foure, but one of them died at sea, being three weekes coming from Hamborow. They were taken from a Bashaw at the siege of Vienna, at the late famous raising that leaguer. I never beheld so delicate a creature as one of them was, of somewhat a bright bay, two white feet, a blaze; such a head, eyes, cares, neck, breast, belly, haunches, legs, pasterns, and feete, in all reguards beautifull and proportion'd to admiration; spirited, proud, nimble, making halt, turning with that swiftnesse, and in so small a compasse, as was admirable. With all this so gentle and tractable as call'd to mind what I remember Busbequius speakes of them, to the reproch of our groomes in Europe, who bring up their horses so churlishly as makes most of them retain their 111 habits. They trotted like does, as if they did not feele the ground. 500 guinnies was demanded for the first; 300 for the second; and 200 for the third, wch was browne. All of them were choicely shap'd, but the two last not altogether so perfect as the first. It was judg'd by the spectators, among whom was the King (age 54), Prince of Denmark (age 31), Duke of Yorke (age 51), and several of the Court, noble persons, skill'd In horses, especialy Mons. Faubert and his sonn, (provost masters of yc Academie, and esteem'd of the best in Europe,) that there were never seene any horses in these parts to be compar'd with them. Add to all this, the furniture, consisting of embroidery on the saddle, houseings, quiver, bow, arrows, scymeter, sword, mace, or battle-axe a la Turcisq; the Bashaw's velvet mantle furr'd with the most perfect Ermine I ever beheld; all which, yron-worke in common furniture, being here of silver, curiously wrought and double gilt, to an incredible icon. Such and so extraordinary was the embrodery, that I never saw any thing approching it. The reins and headstall were of crimson silk, cover'd with chaines of silver gilt. There was also a Turkish royal standard of an horse's taile, together with all sorts of other caparisons belonging to a general's horse, by which one may estimate how gallantly and magnificently those infidels appeare in the field, for nothing could be seene more glorious. The gentleman (a German) who rid the horse was in all this garb. They were shod with yron made round and closed at the heele, with a hole in the middle about as wide as a shilling. The hoofes most intire.


Glorious Revolution

Evelyn's Diary. 17 Dec 1688. That night was a Council; his Majesty (age 38) refuses to assent to all the proposals; goes away again to Rochester [Map].


On 17 Dec 1721 Richard Lumley 1st Earl Scarborough (age 71) died at Gerard Street Soho. His son Richard Lumley 2nd Earl Scarborough (age 35) succeeded 2nd Earl Scarborough.


On 17 Dec 1749 Hugh Clifford 4th Baron Clifford Chudleigh (age 23) and Anne Lee Baroness Clifford Chudleigh (age 18) were married. She by marriage Baroness Clifford of Chudleigh in Devon. She the daughter of George Henry Lee 2nd Earl Lichfield and Frances Hales Countess Lichfield (age 52). She a great granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 17 Dec 1758 Charles Butler 3rd Duke Ormond (age 87) died without issue at his lodgings at Whitehall Palace [Map]. He was buried at St Margaret's Church, Westminster [Map]. Duke Ormonde, Marquess Ormonde 1C 1642, Earl Arran 2C 1693 extinct. His second cousin once removed John Butler 15th Earl Ormonde de jure 16th Earl Ormonde, 8th Earl Ossory although he never used these titles.

On 17 Dec 1772 Francis North 6th Earl Guildford was born to Bishop Brownlow North (age 31) and Henrietta Maria Bannister (age 22).


On 17 Dec 1800 Bernhard II Duke of Saxe Meiningen was born to Georg I Duke of Saxe Meiningen (age 39).

PAINTINGS/BEACH/Sir_George_Montagu.jpgBefore 17 Dec 1806 Thomas Beach (age 68). Portrait of George Montagu (age 56).

George Montagu: On 12 Dec 1750 he was born to John Montagu (age 31). On 24 Dec 1829 George Montagu (age 79) died.

PAINTINGS/BEACH/George_Pitt_1st_Baron_Rivers.pngBefore 17 Dec 1806 Thomas Beach (age 68). Portrait of George Pitt 1st Baron Rivers (age 85).

George Pitt 1st Baron Rivers: On 01 May 1721 he was born to George Pitt of Stratfield Saye (age 31) in Geneva. On 20 May 1776 George Pitt 1st Baron Rivers (age 55) was created 1st Baron Rivers of Stratfield Saye in Hampshire 3C 1776. On 16 Mar 1802 George Pitt 1st Baron Rivers (age 80) was created 1st Baron Rivers of Sudeley Castle in Gloucestershire 4C 1802 with special remainder, in default of male issue, to his brother Sir William and his issue male, failing which to his daughter Louisa's son Horace Beckford (age 24) and his issue male. The latter condition was effected on the death of his son George Pitt 2nd Baron Rivers (age 50). On 07 Apr 1821 George Pitt 1st Baron Rivers (age 99) died. On 07 Apr 1821 His son George Pitt 2nd Baron Rivers (age 69) succeeded 2nd Baron Rivers of Stratfield Saye in Hampshire 3C 1776, 2nd Baron Rivers of Sudeley Castle in Gloucestershire 4C 1802.

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After 17 Dec 1816. Memorials in St Andrew's Church Hartburn [Map] to Lieutentant-Colonel Henry Hollis Bradford (deceased) and Lieutenant-Colonel Hugh Fitzroy (age 8).

Lieutentant-Colonel Henry Hollis Bradford: On 25 Jun 1781 he was born to Thomas Bradford of Woodlands in South Yorkshire. On 07 Dec 1816 Lieutentant-Colonel Henry Hollis Bradford (age 35) died at La Vacherie from wounds he had received at the Battle of Waterloo. He was buried at Storrington.

Lieutenant-Colonel Hugh Fitzroy: On 14 May 1808 he was born to Henry Fitzroy (age 38) and Caroline Pigot (age 33). On 27 Feb 1828 Lieutenant-Colonel Hugh Fitzroy (age 19) died. He was buried at St Andrew's Church Hartburn. On 09 Aug 1831 Lieutenant-Colonel Hugh Fitzroy and Lucy Sarah Lethbridge were married. He a great x 4 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland. On 04 Dec 1856 Lieutenant-Colonel Hugh Fitzroy and Louisa Emily Macdonald were married. He a great x 4 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 17 Dec 1821 Archbishop William Connor Magee was born at Cork [Map].

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On 17 Dec 1889 Henry Arthur Mornington Wellesley 3rd Earl Cowley (age 23) and Violet Neville Countess Cowley (age 23) were married at St George's Church, Hanover Square. She the daughter of William Neville 1st Marquess Abergavenny (age 63) and Caroline Vanden Bempte Johnston Marchioness Abergavenny. He the son of William Henry Wellesley 2nd Earl Cowley (age 55) and Emily Gwendoline Williams Countess Cowley (age 50).

On 17 Dec 1894 Edmund Byng 6th Earl Strafford (age 32) and Mary Elizabeth Colebrooke Countess Strafford (age 31) were married. He the son of Francis Edmund Cecil Byng 5th Earl Strafford (age 59) and Florence Louisa Miles.

On 17 Dec 1896 Edward Crofton 2nd Baron Crofton (age 90) died.

First Powered Flight

On 17 Dec 1903 the Wright brothers, Edgar and Orville, completed the first powered flight, piloted by Orville, at Kitty Hawk Dare County North Carolina.

On 17 Dec 1904 Wilbraham Tollemache 2nd Baron Tollemache (age 72) died.

William Everard Browne ffolkes 4th Baronet: In 1861 he was born to Reverend Henry Edward Browne ffolkes (age 37). On 09 May 1912 William ffolkes 3rd Baronet (age 64) died. His first cousin William Everard Browne ffolkes 4th Baronet (age 51) succeeded 4th Baronet ffolkes of Hillington Hall in Norfolk.

Francis Arthur Stanley ffolkes 5th Baronet: On 08 Dec 1863 he was born to Reverend Henry Edward Browne ffolkes (age 39). On 18 Oct 1938 or 20 Oct 1938 Francis Arthur Stanley ffolkes 5th Baronet (age 74) died. His son Edward John Patrick Boschetti ffolkes 6th Baronet (age 39) succeeded 6th Baronet ffolkes of Hillington Hall in Norfolk.

William Rupert Browne ffolkes: He was born to William Everard Browne ffolkes 4th Baronet.