On this Day in History ... 17th July

17 Jul is in July.

924 Death of King Edward Exile

1119 Battle of Bures-en-Bray

1328 Marriage of King David II of Scotland and Princess Joan

1330 Battle of Teba

1429 Coronation of Charles VII of France

1483 Robert Brackenbury appointed Constable of the Tower of London

1942 First Battle of El Alamein

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 17th July

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 17 Jul 924. This year died King Edward (age 50) at Farndon in Mercia; and Elward (age 22) his son died very soon after this, in Oxford, Oxfordshire [Map]. Their bodies lie at Winchester. And Athelstan (age 30) was chosen king in Mercia, and consecrated at Kingston [Map]. He gave his sister to Otho (age 11), son of the king of the Old-Saxons (age 48). St. Dunstan (age 15) was now born; and Wulfhelm took to the archbishopric in Canterbury. This year King Athelstan and Sihtric king of the Northumbrians came together at Tamworth, Staffordshire [Map], the sixth day before the calends of February, and Athelstan (age 30) gave away his sister to him.

On 17 Jul 924 King Edward "Elder" of the Anglo Saxons (age 50) died. He was buried in St Oswald's Priory [Map]. His son King Æthelstan I of England (age 30) succeeded King Anglo Saxons. His son King Æthelstan I of England (age 30) succeeded I King Anglo Saxons.

On or before 17 Jul 1119 at the Battle of Bures-en-Bray King Henry I "Beauclerc" England (age 51) fought against the army of Louis "Fat" VI King France (age 37).

Baldwin VII Count Flanders (age 26) who was killed. His first cousin Charles Estrigen I Count Flanders (age 35) succeeded I Count Flanders. Marguerite Clermont Countess Flanders (age 14) by marriage Countess Flanders.

After 19 Oct 1216 King John "Lackland" of England (age 49) was buried in the Lady Chapel of Worcester Cathedral [Map]. Originally his effigy would have covered his coffin at floor level. Sometime around 1500 his tomb was moved to the Choir in front of the High Altar - the Chest Tomb similar to that of Prince Arthur's nearby. The Purbeck Marble effigy is the earliest of a King in England. Unusually carved to be life-like. His head supported by St Oswald and St Wulfstan, the two patron saints of Worcester. The base constructed in the 16th Century. The tomb was opened again on Monday 17 Jul 1797 at the instigation of Valentine Green (1739-1813). Inside the tomb chest, a stone coffin was discovered, containing the royal remains - see Monumental Effigies.

Froissart. 25 Aug 1330. Battle of Teba. And within a while after that this knight sir William Douglas (age 44) was come to the king of Spain (age 19), on a day the king issued out into the field to approach near to his enemies. And the king of Granade issued out in like wise on his part, so that each king might see other with all their banners displayed. Then they arranged their battles each against other. Then sir William Douglas (age 44) drew out on the one side with all his company, to the intent to shew his prowess the better. And when he saw these battles thus ranged on both parties, and saw that the battle of the king of Spain (age 19) began somewhat to advance toward their enemies, he thought then verily that they should soon assemble together to fight at hand strokes; and then he thought rather to be with the foremost than with the hindermost, and strake his horse with the spurs, and all his company also, and dashed into the battle of the king of Granade, crying, 'Douglas! Douglas!' weening to him the king of Spain (age 19) and his host had followed, but they did not; wherefore he was deceived, for the Spanish host stood still. And so this gentle knight (age 44) was enclosed, and all his company, with the Saracens, whereas he did marvels in arms, but finally he could not endure, so that he and all his company were slain. The which was great damage, that the Spaniards would not rescue them. Also in this season there were certain lords that treated for peace between England and Scotland. So that at the last there was a marriage made and solemnised between the young king of Scotland (age 4) and dame Joan of the Tower (age 7), sister to king Edward of England (age 15), at Berwick [Map], as the English chronicle saith, on Mary Maudlin day [Note. the Feast of Mary Magdalen is 22 Jul?], the year 'of our Lord MCCCXXVIII., against the assent of many of the nobles of the realm. But queen Isabel (age 35) the king's mother and the earl Mortimer (age 43) made that marriage; at the which, as mine author saith, there was great feast made on both parties.

On 17 Jul 1385 Charles "Beloved Mad" VI King France (age 16) and Isabeau Wittelsbach Queen Consort France (age 15) were married. She by marriage Queen Consort of France. She the daughter of Stephen "Magnificient Fop" Wittelsbach III Duke Bavaria (age 48) and Taddea Visconti Duchess Bavaria. He the son of King Charles V of France and Joanna Bourbon Queen Consort France. They were third cousin once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of King Henry III of England.

On 17 Jul 1429 Charles "Victorious" VII King France (age 26) was crowned at Reims Cathedral by Cardinal Regnault de Chartres (age 49) with Joan of Arc (age 17) present.

Guy 14th de Laval Count (age 23), who was present, was created Count Laval.

On 17 Jul 1483 Robert Brackenbury was appointed Constable of the Tower of London for life. As Constable he was in direct care of The Princes in the Tower: King Edward V of England (age 12) and his brother Richard of Shrewsbury 1st Duke of York (age 9).

Giustiniani wrote on 17 Jul 1516 that Thomas Lovell had withdrawn himself from public affairs; probably as a consequence of Wolsey's (age 43) rise to power.

On 17 Jul 1528 Henry Stewart 1st Lord Methven (age 33) was created 1st Lord Methven possibly to reflect his new status as husband of Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland (age 38).

On 17 Jul 1530 Francis Montmorency was born to Anne I Duke of Montmorency (age 37) and Madeleine of Savoy (age 20).

On 17 Jul 1537 Janet Douglas Lady Glamis (age 39) was burned at the stake at Edinburgh Castle [Map] for conspiring against the king's (age 25) life. Her son, John 7th Lord Glamis Lyon (age 16), was supposedly a witness to the burning.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 17 Jul 1559. The xvij day of July the Quen('s) (age 25) grace removyd from Grenwyche [Map] of her prograsse unto Darford [Map] in Kent; so the next day removyd unto Cobham [Map], my lord Cobham('s) (age 31) plasse, and ther her grace had grett chere.

Pepy's Diary. 17 Jul 1662. To my office, and by and by to our sitting; where much business. Mr. Coventry (age 34) took his leave, being to go with the Duke over for the Queen-Mother (age 52). I dined at home, and so to my Lord's, where I presented him with a true state of all his accounts to last Monday, being the 14th of July, which did please him, and to my great joy I continue in his great esteem and opinion. I this day took a general acquittance from my Lord to the same day. So that now I have but very few persons to deal withall for money in the world.

Pepy's Diary. 17 Jul 1667. Home, and to dinner, and by and by comes Mr. Pierce, who is interested in the Panther, for some advice, and then comes Creed, and he and I spent the whole afternoon till eight at night walking and talking of sundry things public and private in the garden, but most of all of the unhappy state of this nation at this time by the negligence of the King (age 37) and his Council. The Duke of Buckingham (age 39) is, it seems, set at liberty, without any further charge against him or other clearing of him, but let to go out; which is one of the strangest instances of the fool's play with which all publick things are done in this age, that is to be apprehended. And it is said that when he was charged with making himself popular-as indeed he is, for many of the discontented Parliament, Sir Robert Howard (age 41) and Sir Thomas Meres, and others, did attend at the Council-chamber when he was examined-he should answer, that whoever was committed to prison by my Chancellor (age 58) or my Lord Arlington (age 49), could not want being popular. But it is worth considering the ill state a Minister of State is in, under such a Prince as ours is; for, undoubtedly, neither of those two great men would have been so fierce against the Duke of Buckingham (age 39) at the Council-table the other day, had they [not] been assured of the King's good liking, and supporting them therein: whereas, perhaps at the desire of my Baroness Castlemayne (age 26), who, I suppose, hath at last overcome the King (age 37), the Duke of Buckingham (age 39) is well received again, and now these men delivered up to the interest he can make for his revenge. He told me over the story of Mrs. Stewart (age 20), much after the manner which I was told it long since, and have entered it in this book, told me by Mr. Evelyn (age 46); only he says it is verily believed that the King (age 37) did never intend to marry her to any but himself, and that the Duke of York (age 33) and Chancellor (age 58) were jealous of it; and that Mrs. Stewart (age 20) might be got with child by the King (age 37), or somebody else, and the King (age 37) own a marriage before his contract, for it is but a contract, as he tells me, to this day, with the Queene (age 57), and so wipe their noses of the Crown; and that, therefore, the Duke of York (age 33) and Chancellor (age 58) did do all they could to forward the match with my Lord Duke of Richmond (age 28), that she might be married out of the way; but, above all, it is a worthy part that this good lady hath acted.

Evelyn's Diary. 17 Jul 1688. This night the fireworks were played off, that had been prepared for the Queen's (age 29) upsitting. We saw them to great advantage; they were very fine, and cost some thousands of pounds, in the pyramids, statues, etc., but were spent too soon for so long a preparation.

After 17 Jul 1779. Monument at St Peter's Church, Tawstock [Map] to James Stribling and his father James Stribling who died in 1779 and 1784 respectively.

Effigy of King John. Valentine Green, F.S.A. the historian of Worcester, published a pamphlet, giving a very interesting account of the opening of the tomb of King John on the 17th of July 1797. Two walls of were found to form the supporters of the effigy of the monarch. The coffin containing his remains, of which it had originally formed the top, was covered with two strong elm planks, the intervening spaces between the sides of the tomb and the effigy, being filled up with mortar and brick rubbish. These circumstances, and the state of the King's mortal relics, shewed that they had been at some previous time disturbed, and seem to favour the conjecture of their having been translated from the Lady Chapel in the Cathedral into the Choir, most probably about the time of Henry the Seventh, as the altar tomb, on which the coffin lid lies, resembles the monument of Prince Arthur in the same Church, and brick was much employed in architecture about that period. The skull was found turned completely round, and presented what anatomists term the foramen magnum, or aperture through which the spinal marrow passes. The upper jaw lay near the right elbow. The agreement of the dress on the body with that of the effigy on the tomb was very remarkable, and shews, as in the instance of Henry the Second's figure, that these effigies very faithfully represented the defunct as he lay in state. John had, however, no crown on his head or gloves on his hands; in the place of the former was found the celebrated monk's cowl, confirming the minute accuracy of the Chronicles. This sacred envelope fitted the head very closely, and had been buckled under the chin by straps, parts of which still remained. The body had been covered with a crimson robe of damask of strong texture, reaching from the neck to the feet: see the effigy. Part of the embroidery was still perfect near the left knee. His left arm was bent towards his breast, and the hand had grasped a sword in the same manner as on the tomb. The cuff of this arm still remained lying on the breast. The sword was much decomposed and its parts found at intervals down the left side, the scabbard was much more perfect. The covering of the legs (the precise nature of which was not ascertained) was tied round the ancles. These were probably the red hose seen in the effigy. Thus lay royal John, as the immortal dramatizer of his reign has said, — but now a king—now thus — A clod and module of confounded royalty!

After 17 Jul 1818. Grave slab and monument by Fisher of York to Richard Henry Liulph Lumley at Church of St Michael and All Angels, Thornhill [Map].

Kingston Bridge [Map] is a bridge over the River Thames opened on 17 Jul 1828 by the future Queen (age 35) then Duchess of Clarence.

Longstone Edge. On the 17th of July we broke ground in a fresh district, by opening a barrow near Longstone called Blake Low [Map], which had been a good deal mutilated by the removal of stone. Nevertheless we found the interment in the centre to be quite undisturbed, though the remains of about six individuals in a rude cist close by were in a state of the utmost disorder. These were accompanied by four neat instruments of flint, and the remains of a curiously-decorated urn. The preservation of the central deposit was owing to the body having been laid in a grave cut in the rock to the depth of two feet. The skeleton was that of a very young woman, or rather of a girl, and lay on the left side, with the knees drawn up. At the head was a drinking cup, rather more globular in form than usual, 7½ inches high, the upper part ornamented by parallel grooves; and along with the skeleton were the bones of an infant, with the tine of a stag's antler. The grave was filled up to the level of the natural soil with limestone, amongst which was as large an accumulation pf the bones of the water-vole as we have seen in any barrow.

On 28 Jun 1853 Francis Charteris 8th Earl of Wemyss Douglas 4th Earl March (age 81) died. His son Francis Charles Charteris 9th Earl of Wemyss (age 56) succeeded 9th Earl Wemyss, 2nd Baron Wemyss of Wemyss in Fife. Louisa Bingham Countess Wemyss (age 55) by marriage Countess Wemyss.

His obituary in the Gentleman's Magazine by Sylvanus Urban Volume XL reads as follows:

THE EARL OF WEMYSS AND MARCH June 28 At Gosford House East Lothian in his 81st year the Right Hon Francis Wemyss Charteris Wemyss sixth Earl of Wemyss and Lord Elcho and Methel 1633 Baron Wemyss of Elcho 1628 Earl of March Viscount of Peebles and Lord Niedpath, Lyne and Munard 1697 all dignities in the peerage of Scotland Baron Wemyss of Wemyss co Fife 1821 and Lord Lieutenant of Peebleshire.

He was born on the 15th April 1772 the only son of Francis Lord Elcho son and heir apparent of the fifth Earl by Miss Susan Tracy Keck one of the Maids of Honour to Queen Charlotte the second daughter of Anthony Tracy Keck esq of Great Tew co Oxford by Lady Susan Hamilton fourth daughter of James fourth Duke of Hamilton and first Duke of Brandon KG and KT.

In early life his lordship had a commission in the army and from 1793 to 1797 was aide de camp to his grand uncle Lord Adam Gordon Commander in chief of the forces in Scotland He quitted the army in 1797.

His father Lord Elcho died on the 20th June 1808 and his grandfather on the 24th August following whereupon he succeeded to the Earldom of Wemyss and its attendant titles. On the death of William fourth Duke of Queensberry in Dec 1810 he inherited the barony of Niedpath and the extensive property which had belonged to his Grace in the county of Peebles in pursuance of the terms of the marriage contract of the first Earl of March his Grace's grandfather. He also succeeded to the dignities of Earl of March, Viscount of Peebles and Lord Douglas of Niedpath, Lyne and Munard the patent of creation being to Lord William Douglas et heredes masculos de ejus corpore quibus deficientibus alios ejus hæredes masin culos et talliæ contentos in ejus infeofa mentis terrarum et dominii de Niedpath.

His Lordship was created a peer of the united kingdom by the title of Baron Wemyss at the Coronation of King George IV by patent dated 17 Jul 1821. He supported the Conservative party in parliament but took but little interest in politics.

He married May 31 1794 Margaret fourth daughter of Walter Campbell esq of Shawfield by his first wife Eleanor daughter of Robert Kerr of Newfield eldest son of Lord Charles Kerr second son of Robert first Marquess of Lothian. By that lady who died in 1850 he had issue two sons and nine daughters 1 Francis his successor (age 56) 2 Lady Eleanor married in 1820 to Walter Frederick Campbell of Woodhall co Lanark (age 55) esq eldest son of Colonel John Campbell by Lady Charlotte (age 78) daughter of John fifth Duke of Argyle and died in 1832 3 the Hon Walter died 1818 4 Susan who died in infancy 5 Lady Margaret married in 1824 to Lieut Colonel John Wildman and died in 1825 6 Lady Katharine married in 1824 to her cousin George Harry Lord Grey of Groby who died in 1835 and she died in 1844 leaving issue the present Earl of Stamford and Warrington (age 26) and Lady Margaret Milbanke 7 Lady Charlotte (age 58) married in 1825 to Andrew Fletcher esq of Salton Castle East Lothian 8 Lady Louisa Antoinetta (age 58) married in 1832 to William Forbes esq of Callendar co Stirling late MP for Stirlingshire 9 Lady Harriet (age 58) married in 1829 to Sir George Grant Suttie Bart 10 Lady Jane and 11 Lady Caroline. The present Earls (age 56) in 1796 married in 1817 Lady Louisa Bingham (age 55) fourth daughter of Richard 2d Earl Lucan by whom he has issue Francis Lord Elcho (age 34) four other sons and daughters.

On 17 Jul 1903 James Abbott McNeill Whistler (age 69) died.

On 17 Jul 1942 Peter Fortescue (age 21) was killed in action at the First Battle of El Alamein. He was unmarried. There is a memorial at the Church of St Paul, Filliegh: "In proud and ever-loving memory of Hugh Peter, Viscount Ebrington, only son of the Fifth Earl and Countess Fortescue, Lieutenant Royal Scots Greys, who was born on 9 December 1920 and killed near El Alamein on 17 July 1942. He leaves a white unbroken glory, a gathered radiance, a shining peace"

On 17 Jul 1947 Queen Consort Camilla Shand was born to Bruce Shand (age 30) and Rosalind Maud Cubitt (age 25).

On 17 Jul 1969 Walter Marsden (age 86) died.

Births on the 17th July

On 17 Jul 1255 Agnes Wittelsbach was born to Henry Wittelsbach I Duke Lower Bavaria I Duke Bavaria (age 19) and Elizabeth Duchess Bavaria (age 19). She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

On 17 Jul 1442 Pierre of Laval was born to Guy 14th de Laval Count (age 36) and Isabella Montfort.

On 17 Jul 1502 Janet Stewart Lady Fleming was born illegitimately to King James IV of Scotland (age 29) and Isobel Stewart. Coefficient of inbreeding 1.58%.

On 17 Jul 1517 Frances Brandon Duchess of Suffolk was born to Charles Brandon 1st Duke of Suffolk (age 33) and Mary Tudor Queen Consort France (age 21). She a granddaughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

On 17 Jul 1530 Francis Montmorency was born to Anne I Duke of Montmorency (age 37) and Madeleine of Savoy (age 20).

On 17 Jul 1555 Richard Carew was born to Thomas Carew (age 28) and Elizabeth Edgecombe (age 23) at East Antony, Cornwall.

On 17 Jul 1642 Charles Kerr was born to William Kerr 1st Earl Lothian (age 37).

On 17 Jul 1679 Unamed Bourbon Condé was born to Henri Jules Bourbon Condé Prince Condé (age 35) and Anne Henriette Palatinate Simmern (age 30). She a great x 2 granddaughter of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland.

On 17 Jul 1679 Philip Meadows was born to Reverend John Meadows (age 57) and Sarah Fairfax (age 25).

On 17 Jul 1714 John Forbes was born to George Forbes 3rd Earl Granard (age 28).

On 17 Jul 1715 Fredericka Saxe Coburg Altenburg was born to Frederick Saxe Coburg Altenburg II Duke Saxe Gotha Altenburg (age 38) and Magdalena Augusta Anhalt Zerbst Anhaltzerbst Duchess Saxe Gotha Altenburg at Gotha.

On 17 Jul 1731 George Yonge 5th Baronet was born to William Yonge 4th Baronet (age 38) and Anne Howard Lady Yonge.

On 17 Jul 1737 John Lyon 9th Earl Strathmore and Kinghorne was born to Thomas Lyon 8th Earl Strathmore and Kinghorne (age 33) and Jean Nicholson.

On 17 Jul 1747 Elizabeth Helena MacDonnell was born to Alexander MacDonnell 5th Earl of Antrim (age 34).

On 17 Jul 1759 Gerard Edwardes aka Noel 2nd Baronet was born to Gerard Edwardes of Welham Grove (age 25) and Jane Noel (age 26).

On 17 Jul 1777 George Duckett 2nd Baronet was born to George Jackson aka Duckett 1st Baronet (age 51) and Grace Goldstone Lady Duckett (age 27).

On 17 Jul 1785 George Nugent 1st Marquess Westmeath was born.

On 17 Jul 1798 Charlotte Louisa Bloomfield was born to Benjamin Bloomfield 1st Baron Bloomfield (age 30).

On 17 Jul 1803 George Bentinck was born to William Bentinck (age 39).

On 17 Jul 1804 Robert King 6th Earl Kingston was born to Robert King 1st Viscount Lorton (age 30) and Frances Parsons (age 29). Coefficient of inbreeding 3.12%.

On 17 Jul 1804 Henrietta Anna Howard-Molyneux-Howard Countess Carnarvon was born to Henry Howard-Molyneux-Howard (age 37) and Elizabeth Long.

On 17 Jul 1813 Broderick Hartwell 2nd Baronet was born to Reverend Houlton Hartwell (age 30) and Ruth Ball (age 19).

On 17 Jul 1829 Gerald Henry Brabazon Ponsonby was born to John Ponsonby 4th Earl Bessborough (age 47) and Maria Fane (age 42).

On 17 Jul 1833 Fitzherbert Edward Stafford-Jerningham 11th Baron Stafford was born to Edward Stafford-Jerningham (age 28) and Marianne Smythe.

On 17 Jul 1835 Edward Adolphus Ferdinand Seymour was born to Edward Adolphus Seymour 12th Duke of Somerset (age 30) and Jane Georgiana Sheridan Duchess Somerset (age 25) at Dover Street.

On 17 Jul 1840 Balthazar Walter Foster 1st Baron Ilkeston was born to Balthazar Foster.

On 17 Jul 1850 Miles Stapleton 10th Baron Beaumont was born to Miles Thomas Stapleton 8th Baron Beaumont (age 45) and Isabella Anne Browne Baroness Beaumont (age 25).

On 17 Jul 1879 Thomas Touchet-Jesson was born to Thomas Jesson and Charlotte Anne Thicknesse-Touchet.

On 17 Jul 1880 Eveline Maude was born to Captain Cornwallis Maude (age 27) and Eva Henrietta Brooke.

On 17 Jul 1916 William Nicholas Somers Laurence Hyde Villiers was born to George Herbert Hyde Villiers 6th Earl Clarendon (age 39). He was usually known as Nicholas.

On 17 Jul 1947 Queen Consort Camilla Shand was born to Bruce Shand (age 30) and Rosalind Maud Cubitt (age 25).

Marriages on the 17th July

On 17 Jul 1385 Charles "Beloved Mad" VI King France (age 16) and Isabeau Wittelsbach Queen Consort France (age 15) were married. She by marriage Queen Consort of France. She the daughter of Stephen "Magnificient Fop" Wittelsbach III Duke Bavaria (age 48) and Taddea Visconti Duchess Bavaria. He the son of King Charles V of France and Joanna Bourbon Queen Consort France. They were third cousin once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of King Henry III of England.

On 17 Jul 1536 Thomas Pope (age 29) and Margaret widow of Ralph Dodmer were married.

On 17 Jul 1553 John Gresham (age 14) and Elizabeth Dormer were married.

On 17 Jul 1583 Thomas Perrot (age 30) and Dorothy Devereux Countess Northumberland (age 19) were married. The marriage took place without the consent of the Queen to whom Dorothy was lady in Waiting for which Thomas was imprisoned in the Fleet Prison [Map]. She the daughter of Walter Devereux 1st Earl Essex and Lettice Knollys Countess Essex (age 39).

Before 17 Jul 1679 Reverend John Meadows (age 57) and Sarah Fairfax (age 25) were married. The difference in their ages was 31 years.

After 17 Jul 1685 Charles Cheyne 1st Viscount Newhaven (age 59) and Letitia Isabella Smythe Countess Radnor (age 55) were married. She by marriage Viscountess Newhaven.

On 17 Jul 1704 Cholmley Dering 4th Baronet (age 25) and Ellen aka Mary Fisher Lady Dering (age 17) were married. She by marriage Lady Dering of Surrenden Dering in Kent.

On 17 Jul 1716 Harry Trelawny 5th Baronet (age 29) and Letitia Trelawny were married. She the elder sister of John Trelawny 4th Baronet (age 24). They had been courting for many years before her father Bishop Jonathan Trelawny 3rd Baronet (age 66) consented to their marriage. They had a son, who predeceased him, and three daughters, one of whom, Laetitia, also married a cousin. She the daughter of Bishop Jonathan Trelawny 3rd Baronet (age 66) and Rebecca Hele Lady Trelawny. They were first cousins.

On 17 Jul 1753 Caroline Burdett and Caroline Manners Lady Harpur and Burdett were married. She the daughter of John Manners 2nd Duke Rutland and Lucy Sherard Duchess Rutland.

Before 17 Jul 1759 Gerard Edwardes of Welham Grove (age 25) and Jane Noel (age 26) were married. She the daughter of Baptist Noel 4th Earl Gainsborough and Elizabeth Chapman Countess Gainsborough (age 51).

On 17 Jul 1780 Henry Watkin Dashwood 3rd Baronet (age 34) and Helen Graham (age 17) were married.

On 17 Jul 1845 Henry Thynne Lascelles 4th Earl Harewood (age 21) and Elizabeth Joanna Burgh (age 19) were married. She the daughter of Ulick Burgh 1st Marquess Clanricarde (age 42) and Harriet Canning Marchioness Clanricarde (age 41). He the son of Henry Lascelles 3rd Earl Harewood (age 48) and Louisa Thynne Countess Harewood (age 44).

On 17 Jul 1855 Turner Arthur Macan of Elstow, Bedfordshire (age 29) and Florence Louisa Jane Long (age 26) were married.

On 17 Jul 1876 David Stuart Erskine 13th Earl of Buchan (age 60) and Maria James (age 58) were married. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

Before 17 Jul 1879 Thomas Jesson and Charlotte Anne Thicknesse-Touchet were married.

On 17 Jul 1886 Seymour Coghill Hort Bushe and Kathleen Maude were married. She the daughter of Cornwallis Maude 1st Earl Montalt (age 69) and Clementina Elphinstone-Fleming Viscountess Hawarden.

On 17 Jul 1909 Charles Frederick Heneage Bagot (age 51) and Alice Lorina Farr were married.

On 17 Jul 1917 David Ogilvy 12th Earl of Airlie (age 23) and Bridget Coke Countess Airlie (age 26) were married. She by marriage Countess Airlie. She the daughter of Thomas William Coke 3rd Earl of Leicester (age 68) and Alice Emily White Countess Leicester (age 61). He the son of David Ogilvy 11th Earl of Airlie and Mabell Gore Countess Airlie (age 51).

On 17 Jul 1922 Henry Herbert 6th Earl Carnarvon (age 23) and Anne Catherine Tredick Wendell Countess Carnarvon (age 21) were married at St Margaret's Church, Westminster [Map]. He the son of George Edward Stanhope Molyneux Herbert 5th Earl Carnarvon (age 56) and Almina Wombwell Countess Carnarvon (age 46).

On 17 Jul 1923 Algernon Gascoyne Cecil and Gwendolen Fanny Godolphin Osborne (age 38) were married. She the daughter of George Godolphin Osborne 10th Duke Leeds (age 60) and Katherine Frances Lambton Duchess Leeds (age 60).

Deaths on the 17th July

On 17 Jul 924 King Edward "Elder" of the Anglo Saxons (age 50) died. He was buried in St Oswald's Priory [Map]. His son King Æthelstan I of England (age 30) succeeded King Anglo Saxons. His son King Æthelstan I of England (age 30) succeeded I King Anglo Saxons.

On 17 Jul 1070 Baldwin VI Count Flanders I Count Hainault (age 40) died. 17 Jul 1070 His son Arnulf III Count Flanders (age 15) succeeded III Count Flanders.

On 17 Jul 1077 Hugues Normandy Bishop Lisieux died.

On 17 Jul 1085 Robert Guiscard de Hauteville (age 70) died.

On 17 Jul 1086 García Jiménez died.

On or before 17 Jul 1119 at the Battle of Bures-en-Bray King Henry I "Beauclerc" England (age 51) fought against the army of Louis "Fat" VI King France (age 37).

Baldwin VII Count Flanders (age 26) who was killed. His first cousin Charles Estrigen I Count Flanders (age 35) succeeded I Count Flanders. Marguerite Clermont Countess Flanders (age 14) by marriage Countess Flanders.

On 17 Jul 1242 Bryan Penthièvre (age 97) died at Bedale.

After 17 Jul 1242 Brian Fitzalan (age 69) died.

On 17 Jul 1270 Margaret Courtenay (age 76) died.

On 17 Jul 1345 or 24 Jul 1345 Jacob van Artevelde (age 55) died.

In 17 Jul 1378 Ralph Bassett 1st Baron Basset Sapcote (age 49) died. Baron Basset Sapcote abeyant between his two daughters

On 17 Jul 1399 Jadwiga Hungary (age 26) died.

On 17 Jul 1404 Maddalena Visconti Duchess Bavaria (age 38) died.

On 17 Jul 1431 Philippa Mohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale Duchess York (age 64) died at Carisbrooke Castle [Map]. She was buried at Chapel of St Nicholas, Westminster Abbey [Map]. Her nephew Richard Strange 3rd Baron Dunster 7th Baron Strange Knockin (age 49) succeeded 3rd Baron Mohun of Dunster as a result of her death bring the title out of abeyance.

On 17 Jul 1436 Katherine Pavenham (age 64) died at Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire.

On 17 Jul 1444 Henry Grey 3rd or 6th Baron Grey of Codnor (age 39) died. His son Henry Grey 4th or 7th Baron Grey of Codnor (age 9) succeeded 4th or 7th Baron Grey of Codnor.

On 17 Jul 1448 Joan Bittelsgate (age 58) died.

After 17 Jul 1488 Margaret Echingham (age 40) died.

On 17 Jul 1492 Edward Grey 1st Viscount Lisle (age 60) died at Astley. He was buried at Church St Mary the Virgin Astley. His son John Grey 2nd Viscount Lisle (age 11) succeeded 2nd Viscount Lisle.

On 17 Jul 1521 Humphrey Ros (age 46) died.

On 17 Jul 1537 Janet Douglas Lady Glamis (age 39) was burned at the stake at Edinburgh Castle [Map] for conspiring against the king's (age 25) life. Her son, John 7th Lord Glamis Lyon (age 16), was supposedly a witness to the burning.

On 17 Jul 1558 George I of Württemberg-Mömpelgard (age 60) died.

After 17 Jul 1563 Richard Assheton (age 27) died.

After 17 Jul 1570 William Sinclair 4th Lord Sinclair died. His son William Sinclair 5th Lord Sinclair (age 43) succeeded 5th Lord Sinclair.

On 17 Jul 1579 John Ayloffe (age 46) died. He was buried at St Stephen's Church, Coleman Street.

On 17 Jul 1587 George Hart (age 54) died.

On 17 Jul 1600 Elizabeth Fortescue (age 70) died.

Around 17 Jul 1616 Jane Sneyd (age 70) died.

On 17 Jul 1619 Nicholas Dymoke (age 49) died.

On 17 Jul 1632 Roger Manners died. He was buried at Church of St Lawrence, Whitwell [Map].

On 17 Jul 1635 Bishop Robert Echlin (age 59) died.

On 17 Jul 1641 Frances Talbot died.

On 17 Jul 1645 Robert Carr 1st Earl Somerset (age 58) died without male issue. Earl Somerset, Viscount Rochester extinct.

On 17 Jul 1652 Edward Sackville 4th Earl Dorset (age 61) died. His son Richard Sackville 5th Earl Dorset (age 29) succeeded 5th Earl Dorset, 5th Baron Buckhurst. Frances Cranfield Countess Dorset (age 30) by marriage Countess Dorset.

On 17 Jul 1673 John Trevor (age 77) died.

On 17 Jul 1678 William Pierrepont of Thoresby (age 70) died.

On 17 Jul 1683 Bishop James Fleetwood (age 80) died at Chalfont St Giles, Buckinghamshire.

On 17 Jul 1683 Daughter Oldenburg died.

On 17 Jul 1687 Francis Bickley 3rd Baronet (age 43) died.

On 17 Jul 1697 Colonel Roger Whitley of Peel in Cheshire (age 79) died. He was buried at the Church of St Deiniol, Hawarden, Flintshire. His inscription read Near this place lieth interred the body of Colonel Roger Whitley late of Peel in the County of Chester eldest son of Thomas Whitley, Esq. of Aston in this Parish by Elizabeth Brereton his second wife He married Charlotte sister of the Right Honorable Charles Gerard, Earl of Macclesfield and had by her issue three sons and six daughters viz. Gerard, Thomas, Roger, Elizabeth, Charlotte, Henrietta Maria, Penelope, Jane and Anne He died July 17th, 1697 This monument was erected to his memory by his grand-daughters Charlotte Mainwaring and Elizabeth Mainwaring daughters of Sir John Mainwaring of Peover in the County of Chester, Bart. and Elizabeth Whitley 1722.

On 17 Jul 1712 Rebecca Child Marchioness Worcester (age 46) died.

On 17 Jul 1726 William Cadogan 1st Earl Cadogan (age 54) died without male issue. Earl Cadogan extinct. His brother Charles Cadogan 2nd Baron Cadogan (age 41) succeeded 2nd Baron Cadogan. Elizabeth Sloane Baroness Cadogan (age 31) by marriage Baroness Cadogan.

On 17 Jul 1738 Elizabeth Sale died.

On 17 Jul 1761 Thomas Pitt (age 56) died.

On 17 Jul 1762 Peter III of Russia (age 34) died.

On 17 Jul 1776 Henrietta Godolphin Duchess Newcastle under Lyne (age 75) died.

On 17 Jul 1777 Catherine Hyde Duchess Queensbury (age 76) died.

On 17 Jul 1785 Margaret Cavendish Harley 2nd Duchess Portland (age 70) died.

On 17 Jul 1793 Richard Neville Aldworth Neville Griffin (age 75) died.

On 17 Jul 1797 Dorothy Fane Countess Sandwich (age 80) died. She was buried at All Saints Church, Barnwell [Map].

On 17 Jul 1813 Admiral Charles Middleton 1st Baron Barham (age 86) died. His daughter Diana Middleton 2nd Baroness Barham (age 50) succeeded 2nd Baroness Barham.

On 17 Jul 1814 Edward Poore (age 41) died.

On 17 Jul 1817 Diana Pennyman died.

On 17 Jul 1821 Mary Mordaunt died.

On 17 Jul 1822 William Hamilton Nisbet (age 75) died.

On 17 Jul 1827 George Douglas 16th Earl Morton (age 66) died. His first cousin George Sholto Douglas 17th Earl Morton (age 37) succeeded 17th Earl Morton.

On 17 Jul 1840 Mary Cornwallis (age 71) died.

On 17 Jul 1845 John Edward Honywood 6th Baronet (age 33) died. His son Courtenay Honywood 7th Baronet (age 10) succeeded 7th Baronet Honywood of Evington in Kent.

On 28 Jun 1853 Francis Charteris 8th Earl of Wemyss Douglas 4th Earl March (age 81) died. His son Francis Charles Charteris 9th Earl of Wemyss (age 56) succeeded 9th Earl Wemyss, 2nd Baron Wemyss of Wemyss in Fife. Louisa Bingham Countess Wemyss (age 55) by marriage Countess Wemyss.

His obituary in the Gentleman's Magazine by Sylvanus Urban Volume XL reads as follows:

THE EARL OF WEMYSS AND MARCH June 28 At Gosford House East Lothian in his 81st year the Right Hon Francis Wemyss Charteris Wemyss sixth Earl of Wemyss and Lord Elcho and Methel 1633 Baron Wemyss of Elcho 1628 Earl of March Viscount of Peebles and Lord Niedpath, Lyne and Munard 1697 all dignities in the peerage of Scotland Baron Wemyss of Wemyss co Fife 1821 and Lord Lieutenant of Peebleshire.

He was born on the 15th April 1772 the only son of Francis Lord Elcho son and heir apparent of the fifth Earl by Miss Susan Tracy Keck one of the Maids of Honour to Queen Charlotte the second daughter of Anthony Tracy Keck esq of Great Tew co Oxford by Lady Susan Hamilton fourth daughter of James fourth Duke of Hamilton and first Duke of Brandon KG and KT.

In early life his lordship had a commission in the army and from 1793 to 1797 was aide de camp to his grand uncle Lord Adam Gordon Commander in chief of the forces in Scotland He quitted the army in 1797.

His father Lord Elcho died on the 20th June 1808 and his grandfather on the 24th August following whereupon he succeeded to the Earldom of Wemyss and its attendant titles. On the death of William fourth Duke of Queensberry in Dec 1810 he inherited the barony of Niedpath and the extensive property which had belonged to his Grace in the county of Peebles in pursuance of the terms of the marriage contract of the first Earl of March his Grace's grandfather. He also succeeded to the dignities of Earl of March, Viscount of Peebles and Lord Douglas of Niedpath, Lyne and Munard the patent of creation being to Lord William Douglas et heredes masculos de ejus corpore quibus deficientibus alios ejus hæredes masin culos et talliæ contentos in ejus infeofa mentis terrarum et dominii de Niedpath.

His Lordship was created a peer of the united kingdom by the title of Baron Wemyss at the Coronation of King George IV by patent dated 17 Jul 1821. He supported the Conservative party in parliament but took but little interest in politics.

He married May 31 1794 Margaret fourth daughter of Walter Campbell esq of Shawfield by his first wife Eleanor daughter of Robert Kerr of Newfield eldest son of Lord Charles Kerr second son of Robert first Marquess of Lothian. By that lady who died in 1850 he had issue two sons and nine daughters 1 Francis his successor (age 56) 2 Lady Eleanor married in 1820 to Walter Frederick Campbell of Woodhall co Lanark (age 55) esq eldest son of Colonel John Campbell by Lady Charlotte (age 78) daughter of John fifth Duke of Argyle and died in 1832 3 the Hon Walter died 1818 4 Susan who died in infancy 5 Lady Margaret married in 1824 to Lieut Colonel John Wildman and died in 1825 6 Lady Katharine married in 1824 to her cousin George Harry Lord Grey of Groby who died in 1835 and she died in 1844 leaving issue the present Earl of Stamford and Warrington (age 26) and Lady Margaret Milbanke 7 Lady Charlotte (age 58) married in 1825 to Andrew Fletcher esq of Salton Castle East Lothian 8 Lady Louisa Antoinetta (age 58) married in 1832 to William Forbes esq of Callendar co Stirling late MP for Stirlingshire 9 Lady Harriet (age 58) married in 1829 to Sir George Grant Suttie Bart 10 Lady Jane and 11 Lady Caroline. The present Earls (age 56) in 1796 married in 1817 Lady Louisa Bingham (age 55) fourth daughter of Richard 2d Earl Lucan by whom he has issue Francis Lord Elcho (age 34) four other sons and daughters.

On 17 Jul 1870 Anne Yorke Countess Mexborough (age 87) died.

On 17 Jul 1888 Admiral Edward Harris (age 80) died.

On 17 Jul 1890 Francis Henry Dickinson (age 77) died.

On 17 Jul 1892 Frances Mary Twysden died.

On 17 Jul 1894 Caroline Paget died.

On 17 Jul 1897 Edward Baring 1st Baron Revelstoke (age 69) died. His son John Baring 2nd Baron Revelstoke (age 33) succeeded 2nd Baron Revelstoke of Membland in Devon.

On 17 Jul 1898 Arthur Edward Guest (age 56) died.

On 17 Jul 1901 Selina Shirley Lady Heathcote died.

On 17 Jul 1903 James Abbott McNeill Whistler (age 69) died.

On 17 Jul 1937 Evelyn Everard Hutton (age 77) died.

On 17 Jul 1942 Peter Fortescue (age 21) was killed in action at the First Battle of El Alamein. He was unmarried. There is a memorial at the Church of St Paul, Filliegh: "In proud and ever-loving memory of Hugh Peter, Viscount Ebrington, only son of the Fifth Earl and Countess Fortescue, Lieutenant Royal Scots Greys, who was born on 9 December 1920 and killed near El Alamein on 17 July 1942. He leaves a white unbroken glory, a gathered radiance, a shining peace"

On 17 Jul 1956 Annie Geraldine Redmayne (age 92) died.

On 17 Jul 1969 Walter Marsden (age 86) died.

On 17 Jul 1970 Robert Evelyn Manners Heathcote (age 85) died.

On 17 Jul 1978 Beatrix Elinor Paul Baroness Aldenham and Hunsdon (age 87) died.