On this Day in History ... 18 June

18 Jun is in June.

1429 Battle of Patay

1450 Jack Cade's Rebellion

1525 Knighting of Henry Fitzroy

1528 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

1660 June Creation of Baronets

1661 Creation of Baronets and Peerages by Charles II Post Coronation

1683 Popish Plot

1815 Battle of Waterloo

1857 Battle of Inkerman

On 18 Jun 1260 Cicely D'Aubigny (age 52) died. Roger de Montalt 1st Baron Montalt (age 22) inherited Castle Rising Castle [Map].

On 18 Jun 1291 Alfonso III King Aragon (age 25) died. His brother James "The Just" II King Aragon (age 23) succeeded II King Aragon.

On 18 Jun 1318 Philip "Noble" III King Navarre (age 12) and Joan Capet II Queen Navarre (age 6) were married. She the daughter of Louis X King France I Navarre and Margaret of Burgundy Queen Consort France. He the son of Louis I Count Évreux (age 42) and Margaret Artois Countess Évreux. They were half first cousin once removed. He a great x 2 grandson of King Henry III of England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

Battle of Patay

On 18 Jun 1429 the Battle of Patay was the final engagement of the Loire Campaign of the Hundred Years War. The French forces commanded by Joan of Arc (age 17), Étienne Vignolles "La Hire" and Jean Poton Xaintrailles (age 39) defeated an English force of 5000. The English lost around 2000 men with Thomas Scales 7th Baron Scales (age 32), Thomas Rempston (age 40), and John "Old Talbot" Talbot 1st Earl of Shrewsbury (age 46) being captured. John Fastolf (age 49) fought.

After 18 Jun 1448 Edward Neville 1st Baron Bergavenny (age 35) and Katherine Howard Baroness Bergavenny (age 34) were married. He the son of Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland and Joan Beaufort Countess of Westmoreland. He a great grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

1450 Jack Cade's Rebellion

Chronicle of Gregory 1450. 07 Jun 1450. And yn the fowarde, as they wolde have folowyde the captayne, was slayn Syr Umfray Stafforde (age 50) and Wylliam Stafford (age 30), squyer, one the mannylste man of alle thys realme of Engelonde, whythe many moo othyr of mene personys at Sevenocke [Map], in Kentt, in hyr oute ragyng fro hyr oste of our soverayne lordys the kyng, Harry the vj te . And the kyng (age 28) loggyd that nyght at Grenewyche [Map], and sone aftyr every lorde whythe hys retynewe rood home in to hyr contraye. [Note. The date sometimes given as the 08 Jun 1450 and 18 Jun 1850]

On 18 Jun 1522 Gilbert Tailboys 1st Baron Tailboys (age 24) and Elizabeth "Bessie" Blount Baroness Clinton and Tailboys (age 24) were married. She the former mistress of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland (age 27) had given given birth to Henry's illegitimate son Henry Fitzroy 1st Duke Richmond and Somerset in Jun 1519. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III of England.


Knighting of Henry Fitzroy

Around 18 Jun 1525 Henry Clifford 2nd Earl of Cumberland (age 8) and Eleanor Brandon Countess Cumberland (age 6) were married at Bridewell Palace [Map]. King Henry VIII of England and Ireland (age 33) was present. She the daughter of Charles Brandon 1st Duke of Suffolk (age 41) and Mary Tudor Queen Consort France (age 29). He the son of Henry Clifford 1st Earl of Cumberland (age 32) and Margaret Percy Baroness Clifford (age 25). They were half third cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III of England. She a granddaughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.


On 18 Jun 1525 Henry Fitzroy (age 6) was taken by barge to Bridewell Palace [Map] where he was enobled by his father King Henry VIII of England and Ireland (age 33).

In the morning Henry Fitzroy (age 6) was created 1st Earl Nottingham 5C 1525.

In the afternoon Henry Fitzroy (age 6) was created 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset.

Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland (age 47) carried the Sword of State. Thomas More (age 47) read the patents of nobility. Charles Brandon 1st Duke of Suffolk (age 41), Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset (age 47),

Henry Courtenay (age 29) was created 1st Marquess Exeter 1C 1525. Gertrude Blount Marchioness of Exeter (age 22) by marriage Marchioness Exeter.

Henry Clifford (age 32) was created 1st Earl of Cumberland, Warden of the West Marches and Governor of Carlisle Castle.

Thomas Manners (age 33) was created 1st Earl of Rutland 3C 1525. Eleanor Paston Countess Rutland (age 30) by marriage Countess of Rutland. He was given the Earldom of Rutland to reflect his descent from Anne York Duchess Exeter sister of the previous Earl of Rutland. At the same time his arms Manners Arms were augmented with the Manners Augmented Arms

Henry Brandon (age 2) was created 1st Earl Lincoln 7C 1525.

Robert Radclyffe (age 42) was created 1st Viscount Fitzwalter.

Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde (age 48) was created 1st Viscount Rochford 1C 1525. Elizabeth Howard Countess of Wiltshire and Ormonde (age 45) by marriage Viscountess Rochford.NOTEXT

Thomas Howard 3rd Duke of Norfolk (age 52), William Fitzalan 18th Earl Arundel (age 49) and John de Vere 14th Earl of Oxford (age 25) attended.NOTEXT

1528 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

Letters and Papers 1528. 18 Jun 1528. 4391. On Tuesday one of the ladies of the chamber, Mademoiselle de Boulan (age 27), was infected with the sweat. The King, in great haste, dislodged, and went 12 miles hence, and I hear the lady (age 27) was sent to her brother (age 51) [Note. A mistake for father] the Viscount in Kent ("Cainet"). As yet the love has not abated. I know not if absence, and the difficulties of Rome, may effect anything. This sweat, which has made its appearance within these four days, is a most perilous disease. One has a little pain in the head and heart; suddenly a sweat begins; and a physician is useless, for whether you wrap yourself up much or little, in four hours, sometimes in two or three, you are despatched without languishing, as in those troublesome fevers. However, only about 2,000 have caught it in London. Yesterday, going to swear the truce, we saw them as thick as flies, rushing from the streets and shops into their houses to take the sweat whenever they felt ill. I found the ambassador of Milan leaving his lodging in great haste because two or three had been suddenly attacked. If all the ambassadors are to have their share of it, you will not have gained your cause; for you will not be able to brag you made me die of hunger, and the King will only have gained nine months of my service for nothing. In London, I assure you the priests have a better time of it than the doctors, except that the latter do not help to bury. If the thing goes on, corn will soon be cheap. It is 12 years since there was such a visitation, when there died 10,000 persons in 10 or 12 days, but it was not so bad as this has begun.The Legate had come for the term, but immediately bridled his horses again, and there will be no term appointed. Every one is terribly amazed.


Before 18 Jun 1531 William Howard 1st Baron Howard (age 21) and Katherine Broughton were married. He the son of Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk and Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk (age 54).NOTEXT

On 18 Jun 1538 King James V of Scotland (age 26) and Mary of Guise Queen Consort Scotland (age 22) were married at St Andrew's Cathedral Priory, St Andrew's. She by marriage Queen Consort Scotland. She the daughter of Claude Lorraine 1st Duke Guise (age 41) and Antoinette Bourbon Duchess of Guise (age 45). He the son of King James IV of Scotland and Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland (age 48). They were third cousins. He a grandson of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.


On 18 Jun 1615 James Erskine Earl Buchan (age 21) and Mary Douglas 6th Countess Buchan (age 14) were married. He by marriage Earl Buchan 3C 1469. She the daughter of James Douglas 5th Earl Buchan. He the son of John Erskine 19th Earl Mar (age 53) and Mary Stewart Countess Mar (age 33). They were second cousin once removed.

On 18 Jun 1616 Bishop Thomas Bilson (age 69) died.

On 18 Jun 1657 William Stewart 3rd Earl Traquair was born to John Stewart 2nd Earl Traquair (age 33) and Anne Seton (age 22).

1660 June Creation of Baronets

In Jun 1660 King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 30) rewarded those who supported his Restoration ...

6th William Wray 1st Baronet (age 35) and John Talbot of Lacock (age 29) were knighted.

7th Geoffrey Palmer 1st Baronet (age 62) was created 1st Baronet Palmer of Carlton in Northampton

7th Orlando Bridgeman 1st Baronet (age 54) was created 1st Baronet Bridgeman of Great Lever in Lancashire.

7th John Langham 1st Baronet (age 76) was created 1st Baronet Langham of Cottesbrooke in Northamptonshire.

11th Henry Wright 1st Baronet (age 23) was created 1st Baronet Wright of Dagenham. Ann Crew Lady Wright by marriage Lady Wright of Dagenham.

13th Nicholas Gould 1st Baronet was created 1st Baronet Gould of the City of London.

14th Thomas Allen 1st Baronet (age 27) was created 1st Baronet Allen of Totteridge in Middlesex.

18th Thomas Cullum 1st Baronet (age 73) was created 1st Baronet Cullum of Hastede in Suffolk.

19th Thomas Darcy 1st Baronet (age 28) was created 1st Baronet Darcy of St Osith's.

22nd Robert Cordell 1st Baronet was created 1st Baronet Cordell of Long Melford.

22nd John Robinson 1st Baronet (age 45) was created 1st Baronet Robinson of London. Anne Whitmore Lady Robinson (age 48) by marriage Lady Robinson of London.

25th William Bowyer 1st Baronet (age 47) was created 1st Baronet Bowyer of Denham Court. Margaret Weld Lady Bowyer (age 43) by marriage Lady Bowyer of Denham Court.

25th Thomas Stanley 1st Baronet (age 63) was created 1st Baronet Stanley of Alderley in Cheshire.

26th Jacob Astley 1st Baronet (age 21) was created 1st Baronet Astley of Hill Morton.

27th William Wray 1st Baronet (age 35) was created 1st Baronet Wray of Ashby in Lincolnshire. Olympia Tufton Lady Ashby (age 36) by marriage Lady Wray of Ashby in Lincolnshire.

28th Oliver St John 1st Baronet (age 36) was created 1st Baronet St John of Woodford in Northamptonshire 1660.

29th Ralph Delaval 1st Baronet (age 37) was created 1st Baronet Delaval of Seaton in Northumberland. Anne Leslie Lady Delaval by marriage Lady Delaval of Seaton in Northumberland.

30th Andrew Henley 1st Baronet (age 38) was created 1st Baronet Henley of Henley in Somerset.

1661 Creation of Baronets and Peerages by Charles II Post Coronation

In Jun 1661 King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 31) created new Baronetcies and Peerages ...

05 Jun 1661 James Clavering 1st Baronet (age 41) was created 1st Baronet Clavering of Axwell in County Durham.

13 Jun 1661 Thomas Adams 1st Baronet (age 75) was created 1st Baronet Adams of London.

14 Jun 1661 Henry Moore 1st Earl Drogheda (age 39) was created 1st Earl Drogheda.

On 17 Jun 1661 ...

Godfrey Copley 1st Baronet (age 38) was created 1st Baronet Copley Sprotborough 1C 1671.

Abraham Cullen 1st Baronet (age 37) was created 1st Baronet Cullen of East Sheen in Surrey.

James Rushout 1st Baronet (age 17) was created 1st Baronet Rushout of Northwick Park in Worcestershire aged only seveneteen.

William Stanley 1st Baronet (age 33) was created 1st Baronet Stanley of Hooton in Cheshire. Charlotte Molyneux Lady Stanley by marriage Lady Stanley of Hooton in Cheshire.

Griffith Williams 1st Baronet was created 1st Baronet Williams of Penrhyn in Caernarfonshire.

18 Jun 1661 Thomas Vyner 1st Baronet (age 72) was created 1st Baronet Vyner of London 1C 1661.

18 Jun 1661 Henry Winchcombe 1st Baronet (age 18) was created 1st Baronet Winchcombe of Bucklebury in Berkshire.

26 Jun 1661 Theobald Taaffe 1st Earl Carlingford (age 58) was created 1st Earl Carlingford.

On 18 Jun 1679 Charles Moore 2nd Earl Drogheda died. His brother Henry Hamilton Moore 3rd Earl of Drogheda (age 23) succeeded 3rd Earl Drogheda, 5th Viscount Moore of Drogheda, 5th Baron Moore of Mellefont in Louth. Mary Cole Countess of Drogheda (age 19) by marriage Countess Drogheda.

Popish Plot

Evelyn's Diary. 18 Jun 1683. The Popish Plot also, which had hitherto made such a noise, began now sensibly to dwindle, through the folly, knavery, impudence, and giddiness of Oates (age 33), so as the Papists began to hold up their heads higher than ever, and those who had fled, flocked to London from abroad. Such sudden changes and eager doings there had been without anything steady or prudent, for these last seven years.

On 04 Jun 1699 Popham Seymour-Conway (age 24) drunkenly duelled with Captain George Kirk of the Royal Horse Guards; he was wounded in the neck.

On 18 Jun 1699 he died from wounds received duelling. His estates were inherited by his younger brother Francis Seymour-Conway 1st Baron Conway (age 20).

On 18 Jun 1715 Henry Grey 4th Earl Stamford was born to Henry Grey 3rd Earl Stamford (age 30) and Dorothy Wright Countess Stamford (age 30) at Enville Hall Enville.


On 18 Jun 1721 Philip Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal (age 65) died.

On 18 Jun 1724 Benjamin Mildmay 1st Earl Fitzwalter (age 51) and Frederica Schomberg Countess Holderness and Fitzwalter (age 37) were married. She the daughter of Meinhart Schomberg 3rd Duke Schomberg and Karoline von der Pfalz. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland.


On 18 Jun 1740 Piers Butler 1st Earl Newcastle (age 88) died without surviving issue. Earl Newcastle in Limerick extinct.

On 18 Jun 1763 Anthony Duncombe 1st Baron Feversham (age 68) died without male issue. Baron Feversham Downton in Wiltshire extinct.

On 18 Jun 1783 Henry Bickersteth 1st Baron Langdale was born to Henry Bickersteth (age 32).

On 18 Jun 1787 Bishop John Egerton (age 65) died.

On 18 Jun 1813 George Venables-Vernon 2nd Baron Vernon (age 78) died. His brother Henry Venables-Vernon 3rd Baron Vernon (age 66) succeeded 3rd Baron Vernon of Kinderton in Cheshire. Alice Lucy Whitefoord Baroness Vernon (age 45) by marriage Baroness Vernon of Kinderton in Cheshire.

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Battle of Waterloo

On 18 Jun 1815 Edward Hawkins Cheney (age 36) fought at the Battle of Waterloo.

On 18 Jun 1815 the Battle of Waterloo was fought.

Beaumont Hotham 3rd Baron Hotham (age 20) was present.

Charles Augustus Fitzroy (age 19) was wounded.

Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Edward Irby (age 31) fought.

Henry William Paget 1st Marquess Anglesey (age 47) led the charge of the British heavy cavalry against Comte d'Erlon's column which checked and in part routed the French Army. He was hit by one of the last cannon shots of the day necessitating the amputation of this leg during the Battle of Quatre Bras.

Fletcher Norton 3rd Baron Grantley (age 16) fought and was wounded.

Charles Francis Rowley Lascelles fought.

Edward Kerrison 1st Baronet (age 38) commanded his Regiment.

George Orlando Gunning (age 18) was killed whilst serving as a Lieutenant in the 10th Hussars.

On 19 Jun 1815 Lieutenant Colonel Alexander Gordon (age 29) died having had his leg amputated the previous day.

On 18 Jun 1815 Henry Lascelles 3rd Earl Harewood (age 18) fought at the Battle of Waterloo.

On 18 Jun 1815 Algernon Frederick Greville (age 16) fought at Battle of Waterloo.

On 18 Jun 1815 Frederick Howard (age 29) was killed during the Battle of Waterloo. He was buried at Castle Howard Mausoleum Castle Howard.NOTEXT

On 18 Jun 1815 Major-General William Ponsonby (age 42) was killed at the Battle of Waterloo.

On 18 Jun 1826 Archbishop William Dalrymple Maclagan was born.

On 18 Jun 1831 George Byng 6th Viscount Torrington (age 63) died. His son George Byng 7th Viscount Torrington (age 18) succeeded 7th Viscount Torrington.

Battle of Inkerman

The London Gazette 21997. War-Office, May 5, 1857.

The Queen (age 37) has been graciously pleased to signify Her intention to confer the Decoration of the Victoria Cross on the undermentioned Officers of Her Majesty's Army, who have been recommended to Her Majesty for that Decoration,—in accordance with the rules laid down in Her Majesty's Warrant of the 29th of January, 1856,—on account of acts of bravery performed by them before the Enemy during the late War, as recorded against their several names ; viz.

Grenadier Guards. Colonel Hon. Henry Hugh Manvers Percy (age 39). Date of Act of Bravery, 5th November, 1854 [ at the Battle of Inkerman]

At a moment when the Guards were at some distance from the Sand Bag Battery, at the Battle of Inkerman, Colonel Percy charged singly into the battery, followed immediately by the Guards; the embrasures of the battery, as also the parapet, were held by the Russians, who kept up a most severe fire of musketry.

At the Battle of Inkerman Colonel Percy, found himself with many men of various regiments, who had charged too far, nearly surrounded by the Russians, and without ammunition. Colonel Percy, by his knowledge of ground, though wounded, extricated these men, and, passing under a heavy fire from the Russians then in the Sand Bag Battery, brought them safe to where ammunition was to be obtained, thereby saving some fifty men, and enabling them to renew the combat. He received the approval of His Royal Highness the Duke of Cambridge, for this action, on the spot.—Colonel Percy was engaged with, and put hors de combat, a Russian soldier.

7th Regiment. Lieutenant William Hope. Date of Act of Bravery, 18th June, 1855.

After the troops had retreated on the morning of the 18th June, 1855, Lieutenant W. Hope being informed by the late Serjeant-Major William Bacon, who was himself wounded, that Lieutenant and Adjutant Hobson was lying outside the trenches badly wounded, went out to look for him, and found him lying in the old agricultural ditch running towards the left flank of the Redan. He then returned, and got four men to bring him in. Finding, however, that Lieutenant Hobson could not be removed without a stretcher, he then ran back across the open to Egerton's Pit, where he procured one, and carried it to where Lieutenant Hobson was lying.

All this was done under a very heavy fire from the Russian batteries.

7th Regiment. Assistant-Surgeon Thomas Egerton Hale, M.D. Date of Act of Bravery, 8th September, 1855

First. For remaining with an officer who was dangerously wounded, (Captain H. M. Jones, 7th Regiment), in the fifth parallel, on 8th September, 1855, when all the men in the immediate neighbourhood retreated, excepting Lieutenant W. Hope and Dr. Hale; and for endeavouring to rally the men, in conjunction with Lieutenant W. Hope, 7th Royal Fusiliers.

Secondly. For having, on 8th September, 1855, after the regiments had retired into the trenches, cleared the most advanced sap of the wounded, and carried, into the sap, under a heavy fire, several wounded men from the open ground, being assisted by Serjeant Charles Fisher, 7th Royal Fusiliers

Coldstream Guards (late of the 49th Regiment). Brevet-Major John Augustus Conolly Date of Act of Bravery, 26th October, 1854.

In the attack by the Russians against the position held by the Second Division, 26th October, 1854, Major Conolly, then a Lieutenant in the 49th Regiment, while in command of a company of that regiment, on outlying picket, made himself most conspicuous by the gallantry of his behaviour. He came particularly under the observation of the late Field-Marshal Lord Raglan, while in personal encounter with several Russians, in defence of his post. He ultimately fell, dangerously wounded. Lieutenant Conolly was highly praised in General Orders, and promoted into the Coldstream Guards, as a reward for his exemplary behaviour on this occasion.

On 18 Jun 1878 Paul Methuen 3rd Baron Methuen (age 32) and Evelyn Hervey-Bathurst (age 30) were married. She died less than a year later on 02 Jun 1879.

On 18 Jun 1903 Ian Campbell 11th Duke of Argyll was born to Douglas Walter Campbell (age 26).

On 18 Jun 1907 John Francis Arundell 16th Baron Arundel was born to Gerald Arthur Arundell 15th Baron Arundel (age 45) and Ivy Florence Mary Segrave Baroness Arundel Wardour (age 32).

PAINTINGS/BASSANO/Lucinda_Kemble.jpg18 Jun 1910. Bassano Ltd. Photograph of Lucinda Dorothea Kemble Countess Dunmore

Lucinda Dorothea Kemble Countess Dunmore: She was born to Colonel Horace William Kemble. On 05 Jan 1904 Alexander Murray 8th Earl of Dunmore (age 32) and she were married. He the son of Charles Adolphus Murray 7th Earl Dunmore (age 62) and Gertrude Coke (age 57). On 27 Aug 1907 Charles Adolphus Murray 7th Earl Dunmore (age 66) died. His son Alexander Murray 8th Earl of Dunmore (age 36) succeeded 8th Earl Dunmore, 4th Baron Dunmore of Dunmore in the Forst of Athole in Perthshire. She by marriage Countess Dunmore.

On 18 Jun 1934 Arthur Charles Wellesley 4th Duke Wellington (age 85) died. His son Arthur Charles Wellesley 5th Duke Wellington (age 58) succeeded 5th Duke Wellington 1C 1814, 9th Earl Mornington 1C 1760, 9th Viscount Wellesley of Dangan Castle, 5th Viscount Wellington of Talavera. Lillian Maud Glen Coats Duchess Wellington (age 49) by marriage Duchess Wellington.

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On 18 Jun 1938 George Parker 8th Earl Macclesfield (age 24) and Valerie Mansfield Countess Macclesfield (age 19) were married. He the son of George Parker 7th Earl Macclesfield (age 50) and Lilian Joanna Vere Boyle Countess Macclesfield.

On 18 Jun 1942 William Bingham Compton 6th Marquess Northampton (age 56) and Virginia Lucie Heaton Marchioness Northampton (age 23) were married. She by marriage Marchioness Northampton. The difference in their ages was 33 years. He the son of William George Spencer Scott Compton 5th Marquess Northampton and Mary Florence Baring Marchioness Northampton.

On 18 Jun 1992 Benjamin Guinness 3rd Earl of Iveagh (age 55) died. His son Edward Guinness 4th Earl of Iveagh (age 22) succeeded 4th Earl Iveagh.