On this Day in History ... 19 June

19 Jun is in June.

1306 Battle of Methven

1312 Capture, Trial and Execution of Piers Gaveston

1660 June Creation of Baronets

1673 Test Act

1815 Battle of Waterloo

On 19 Jun 1054 Lambert Reginar II Count Louvain died at Tournai. His son Henry Reginar II Count Louvain (age 34) succeeded II Count Louvain.

On 19 Jun 1294 Charles IV King France I King Navarre was born to Philip "The Fair" IV King France (age 26) and Joan Blois I Queen Navarre (age 21). Coefficient of inbreeding 2.10%.

Battle of Methven

On 19 Jun 1306 the forces of Aymer de Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke (age 31) including Robert Pierrepont ambushed and routed the Scottish army of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland (age 31) including Simon Fraser, Christopher Seton and John Strathbogie 9th Earl Atholl (age 40) at Methven during the Battle of Methven. John Strathbogie 9th Earl Atholl (age 40) was captured as well as many others.

Capture, Trial and Execution of Piers Gaveston

On 19 Jun 1312 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall (age 28) was taken to Blacklow Hill where he was beheaded. Blacklow Hill being outside of the Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl of Warwick's (age 40) lands. Gaveston's body was left where it lay eventually being recovered by Dominican friars who took it to Oxford [Map]. Earl Cornwall 5C 1307 extinct.

On 19 Jun 1369 Philip "Bold" Valois II Duke Burgundy (age 27) and Margaret Dampierre Duchess Burgundy (age 21) were married. She by marriage Duchess Burgundy. She the daughter of Louis Dampierre III Count Nevers II Count Flanders (age 38) and Margaret Brabant Countess Nevers and Flanders (age 46). He the son of King John "The Good" II of France and Bonne Luxemburg Queen Consort France. They were half third cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

Before 19 Jun 1399 Edward Charleton 5th Baron Cherleton (age 29) and Eleanor Holland Countess March and Ulster (age 28) were married. She the daughter of Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent and Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent (age 49). They were half third cousin once removed. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

On 19 Jun 1411 Elizabeth Boteler Baroness Ferrers Wem (age 66) died. Baron Wem and Oversley extinct.

On 19 Jun 1488 Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell (age 32) was issued a safe conduct by King James IV of Scotland (age 15).

After 19 Jun 1488 Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell (age 32) died.

On 19 Jun 1500 he died at the Royal Palace, Hatfield; possibly of plague of which an outbreak was occurring. He was buried in Westminster Abbey [Map]. Duke Somerset 3C 1499 extinct.

Hall's Chronicle 1535. 19 Jun 1535. And the nineteenth day of June was three monks of the Charterhouse hanged, drawn, and quartered at Tyborne [Map] and their quarters set up about London or denying the King to be Supreme Head of the Church. Their names were Exmewe, Myddlemore, and Nudigate. These men when they were arraigned at Westminster, behaved themselves very stiffly and stubbornly, for hearing their inditement read how traitorously they had spoken against the King’s Majesty his crown and dignity, they neither blushed nor bashed at it, but very foolishly and hypocritically acknowledged their treason which maliciously they avouched, having no learning for their defence, but rather being asked diverse questions, they used a malicious silence, thinking as by their examinations afterward in the Tower of London it did appear, for so they said, that they thought those men which was the Lord Cromwell (age 50) and other that there sat upon them in judgement to be heretics and not of the Church of God, and therefore not worthy to be either answered or spoken unto. And therefore as they deserved, they received as you have heard before.


On 19 Jun 1598 Archbishop Gilbert Sheldon was born to Robert Sheldon at Stanton Wyvill.

On 19 Jun 1606 James Hamilton 1st Duke Hamilton was born to James Hamilton 2nd Marquess Hamilton (age 17) and Ann Cunningham Marchioness Hamilton (age 21) at Hamilton Palace, Hamilton.

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On 19 Jun 1652 Francis Cottingham 1st Baron Cottingham (age 73) died at Valladolid. Baron Cottingham of Hanworth in Middlesex and Baronet Cottingham of Hanworth in Middlesex extinct.

1660 June Creation of Baronets

In Jun 1660 King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 30) rewarded those who supported his Restoration ...

6th William Wray 1st Baronet (age 35) and John Talbot of Lacock (age 29) were knighted.

7th Geoffrey Palmer 1st Baronet (age 62) was created 1st Baronet Palmer of Carlton in Northampton

7th Orlando Bridgeman 1st Baronet (age 54) was created 1st Baronet Bridgeman of Great Lever in Lancashire.

7th John Langham 1st Baronet (age 76) was created 1st Baronet Langham of Cottesbrooke in Northamptonshire.

11th Henry Wright 1st Baronet (age 23) was created 1st Baronet Wright of Dagenham. Ann Crew Lady Wright by marriage Lady Wright of Dagenham.

13th Nicholas Gould 1st Baronet was created 1st Baronet Gould of the City of London.

14th Thomas Allen 1st Baronet (age 27) was created 1st Baronet Allen of Totteridge in Middlesex.

18th Thomas Cullum 1st Baronet (age 73) was created 1st Baronet Cullum of Hastede in Suffolk.

19th Thomas Darcy 1st Baronet (age 28) was created 1st Baronet Darcy of St Osith's.

22nd Robert Cordell 1st Baronet was created 1st Baronet Cordell of Long Melford.

22nd John Robinson 1st Baronet (age 45) was created 1st Baronet Robinson of London. Anne Whitmore Lady Robinson (age 48) by marriage Lady Robinson of London.

25th William Bowyer 1st Baronet (age 47) was created 1st Baronet Bowyer of Denham Court. Margaret Weld Lady Bowyer (age 43) by marriage Lady Bowyer of Denham Court.

25th Thomas Stanley 1st Baronet (age 63) was created 1st Baronet Stanley of Alderley in Cheshire.

26th Jacob Astley 1st Baronet (age 21) was created 1st Baronet Astley of Hill Morton.

27th William Wray 1st Baronet (age 35) was created 1st Baronet Wray of Ashby in Lincolnshire. Olympia Tufton Lady Ashby (age 36) by marriage Lady Wray of Ashby in Lincolnshire.

28th Oliver St John 1st Baronet (age 36) was created 1st Baronet St John of Woodford in Northamptonshire 1660.

29th Ralph Delaval 1st Baronet (age 37) was created 1st Baronet Delaval of Seaton in Northumberland. Anne Leslie Lady Delaval by marriage Lady Delaval of Seaton in Northumberland.

30th Andrew Henley 1st Baronet (age 38) was created 1st Baronet Henley of Henley in Somerset.

On 19 Jun 1661 Charles Cockayne 1st Viscount Cullen (age 58) died. He was buried at St Peter's Church, Rushton. His son Brien Cockayne 2nd Viscount Cullen (age 29) succeeded 2nd Viscount Cullen.

Pepy's Diary. 19 Jun 1668. At noon home to dinner, and thence by coach to White Hall, where we attended the Duke of York (age 34) in his closet, upon our usual business. And thence out, and did see many of the Knights of the Garter, with the King (age 38) and Duke of York (age 34), going into the Privychamber, to elect the Elector of Saxony (age 55) into that Order, who, I did hear the Duke of York (age 34) say, was a good drinker: I know not upon what score this compliment is done him.

1673 Test Act

Evelyn's Diary. 19 Jun 1673. Congratulated the new Lord Treasurer, Sir Thomas Osborne (age 41), a gentleman with whom I had been intimately acquainted at Paris, and who was every day at my father-in-law's (age 68) house and table there; on which account I was too confident of succeeding in his favor, as I had done in his predecessor's; but such a friend shall I never find, and I neglected my time, far from believing that my Lord Clifford (age 42) would have so rashly laid down his staff, as he did, to the amazement of all the world, when it came to the test of his receiving the Communion, which I am confident he forbore more from some promise he had entered into to gratify the Duke, than from any prejudice to the Protestant religion, though I found him wavering a pretty while.


Around 19 Jun 1679 James Tuchet 3rd Earl Castlehaven (age 62) and Elizabeth Graves Baroness Audley Heighley were married. She by marriage Baroness Audley of Heighley in Staffordshire. He the son of Mervyn Tuchet 2nd Earl Castlehaven and Elizabeth Barnham Countess Castlehaven.

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On 19 Jun 1700 Charles Bourbon Condé Count Charolais was born to Louis Bourbon Condé (age 31) and Louise Françoise Bourbon (age 27). He a great x 3 grandson of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland.

On 19 Jun 1722 George Gordon 3rd Earl Aberdeen was born to William Gordon 2nd Earl Aberdeen (age 43) and Susan Murray (age 23).

On 19 Jun 1730 Thomas Trevor 1st Baron Trevor Bromham (age 72) died. His son Thomas Trevor 2nd Baron Trevor Bromham (age 38) succeeded 2nd Baron Trevor Bromham.


On 19 Jun 1762 William Dalrymple Crichton 5th Earl Dumfries 4th Earl of Stair (age 63) and Anne Duff Countess Dumfries were married. She by marriage Countess Dumfries. He the son of Colonel William Dalrymple Earl Dumfries (age 88) and Penelope Crichton 4th Countess of Dumfries.

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On 19 Jun 1780 Richard Griffin 2nd Baron Braybrook (age 29) and Catherine Granville Baroness Braybrook (age 19) were married.


Section I Tumuli 1788. On the 15th of March, 1788, a farmer, who occupied the land on Middleton Moor, known as the Garratt Piece, having occasion to burn some lime upon that ground, dug for the purpose into a tumulus [Map] [Garratts Piece Barrow [Map]], or lowe, there situate.

He began his work on the outer edge of the barrow, clearing it away as he proceeded, to the level of the natural surface. On reaching the centre, he found, lying immediately under the usual depression of the summit of the barrow, and placed upon the level of the ground, a skeleton, whose extremities were towards the east and west; near the point of the shoulder was a very extraordinary ornament of copper neatly enamelled with various colours, red being the most predominant; it is circular, and has a hook in the form of a serpent's head, probably for suspension. In addition to this, part of another ornament of similar workmanship; part of the iron umbo of a shield and a shallow basin of thin brass, much broken and crushed, were found abont the same place. (For a similar basin see Archæologia, vol. xviii, page 80.) The design visible upon the circular and enamelled ornament is precisely similar to an illuminated capital Q in the Saxon manuscript entitled, 'Textus Sancti Cuthberti,' a production of the seventh century, formerly preserved in the cathedral of Durham, but now in the Cottonian library, (Nero, D. 4.) There is a good engraving of it in Astle's 'Origin of Writing,' plate 14, a. This interesting barrow was reopened by Mr. William Bateman (age 1), on the 19th of June, 1826, but was found to have been entirely rifled on the occasion above described.

On 19 Jun 1804 Louis Hesse Darmstadt II Grand Duke (age 26) and Princess Wilhelmine Baden (age 15) were married. She by marriage Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine. They were first cousins.

On 19 Jun 1809 Robert Moncton Milnes 1st Baron Houghton was born to Robert Pemberton Milnes (age 25) and Henrietta Maria Monckton-Arundell.

Battle of Waterloo

On 18 Jun 1815 the Battle of Waterloo was fought.

Beaumont Hotham 3rd Baron Hotham (age 20) was present.

Charles Augustus Fitzroy (age 19) was wounded.

Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Edward Irby (age 31) fought.

Henry William Paget 1st Marquess Anglesey (age 47) led the charge of the British heavy cavalry against Comte d'Erlon's column which checked and in part routed the French Army. He was hit by one of the last cannon shots of the day necessitating the amputation of this leg during the Battle of Quatre Bras.

Fletcher Norton 3rd Baron Grantley (age 16) fought and was wounded.

Charles Francis Rowley Lascelles fought.

Edward Kerrison 1st Baronet (age 38) commanded his Regiment.

George Orlando Gunning (age 18) was killed whilst serving as a Lieutenant in the 10th Hussars.

On 19 Jun 1815 Lieutenant Colonel Alexander Gordon (age 29) died having had his leg amputated the previous day.

Section I Tumuli 1825. The only barrow yet discovered in a low situation in the neighbourhood of Middleton is placed in a meadow called Larks Lowe [Map], and near the rivulet called the Bradford; this tumulus was opened on the 20th of May 1825 when the cist was found to be constructed of large flat stones placed edge-ways with similar ones serving for the cover; it contained the decayed fragments of a human skeleton. On the eastern side of the barrow was found an urn of coarse earthy full of calcined bones and dry mould, the top protected by a flat piece of lime-stone, upon which was placed a small, shallow, earthen vessel very firmly baked, (of the kind denominated by Sir Richard Hoare (age 66) "incense cups"), a pin of bronze, two and a quarter inches long; several animal teeth and bones, amongst them a horse's tooth, a circular pebble, and a stone of peculiar shape; the large urn was of so friable a nature, that it probably had no other baking than what it received in the funeral fire, from this cause it was found impracticable to preserve it entire. June 19, 1826, it was thought advisable to reopen the very interesting barrow [Map] on Garratt Piece, Middleton, which was opened by Dr. Pegge in 1788, and described in the Archæologia, vol. ix, page 189; in it were found animal bones, one of which was calcined; a portion of the lower branch of an antler of the red deer, six inches in length, which had been tooled at the root by a sharp instrument; also some rats' bones. (See a subsequent examination of this barrow.)

On 19 Jun 1826 James Brudenell 7th Earl Cardigan (age 28) and Elizabeth Tollemache Countess Cardigan (age 28) were married. Separated in 1846. He the son of Robert Brudenell 6th Earl Cardigan (age 57) and Penelope Cooke Countess Cardigan.


Henry Willoughby 6th Baron Middleton: On 24 Apr 1761 he was born to Henry Willoughby 5th Baron Middleton (age 34) and Dorothy Cartright Baroness Middleton. Before 11 Mar 1793 Henry Willoughby 6th Baron Middleton (age 31) and Jane Lawley Baroness Middleton (age 26) were married. On 14 Jun 1800 Henry Willoughby 5th Baron Middleton (age 73) died. His son Henry Willoughby 6th Baron Middleton (age 39) succeeded 6th Baron Middleton, 7th Baronet Willoughby of Wollaton. Jane Lawley Baroness Middleton by marriage Baroness Middleton. On 19 Jun 1835 Henry Willoughby 6th Baron Middleton (age 74) died. His first cousin Digby Willoughby 7th Baron Middleton (age 65) succeeded 7th Baron Middleton, 8th Baronet Willoughby of Wollaton.

Jane Lawley Baroness Middleton: Around 1767 she was born to Robert Lawley 5th Baronet (age 31) and Jane Thompson (age 24). 11 Mar 1793 Jane Lawley Baroness Middleton (age 26) died.

On 19 Jun 1839 Henry Granville Fitzalan 14th Duke of Norfolk (age 24) and Augusta Mary Minna Catherine Lyons Duchess Norfolk (age 17) were married. She by marriage Duchess Norfolk. He the son of Henry Charles Howard 13th Duke of Norfolk (age 47) and Charlotte Sophia Leveson-Gower Duchess Norfolk (age 51).NOTEXT

On 19 Jun 1849 James Carnegie 9th Earl Southesk (age 21) and Catherine Hamilton Noel (age 19) were married at Exton, Rutlandshire. She the daughter of Charles Noel 1st Earl Gainsborough (age 67) and Arabella Hamlyn-Williams. He the son of James Carnegie 5th Baronet.

On 19 Jun 1851 Henry Bruce 2nd Baron Aberdare was born to Henry Bruce 1st Baron Aberdare (age 36).


After 19 Jun 1878. St Saeran's Church, Llanynys [Map]. Monument to Peter Ellis Eyton (deceased) sculpted by Lunt of Rhyl.

On 19 Jun 1890 Harry Grey 8th Earl Stamford 4th Earl Warrington (age 78) died without legitimate male issue. His nephew William Grey 9th Earl Stamford 5th Earl Warrington (age 40) succeeded 9th Earl Stamford, 11th Baron Grey of Groby 1603.


On 19 Jun 1931 Iain Murray 10th Duke of Atholl was born to George Murray (age 81).

On 19 Jun 1935 Frederick Leslie Courtenay 16th Earl of Devon (age 59) died. His son Charles Courtenay 17th Earl of Devon (age 19) succeeded 17th Earl Devon 5C 1553.

On 19 Jun 1946 James Harris 7th Earl Malmesbury was born to William James Harris 6th Earl Malmesbury (age 38) and Diana Claudia Carleton Countess of Malmesbury (age 33).

On 19 Jun 1976 Carl XVI King Sweden (age 30) and Silvia Sommerlath Queen Consort Sweden were married. He a great x 2 grandson of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.