On this Day in History ... 22 November

22 Nov is in November.

845 Battle of Ballon

1535 Execution of Bishop Fisher and Thomas More

1665 Great Plague of London

Battle of Ballon

On 22 Nov 845 Lambert Guideschi II Count Nantes fought at Redon during the Battle of Ballon.

On 22 Nov 1220 Frederick I King Jerusalem II Holy Roman Emperor (age 25) was crowned II Holy Roman Emperor. Isabella Plantagenet Holy Roman Empress (age 6) by marriage Holy Roman Empress.

On 22 Nov 1392 Robert de Vere 1st Duke Ireland (age 30) was killed whilst hunting at Louvain. His uncle Aubrey de Vere 10th Earl of Oxford (age 54) succeeded 10th Earl of Oxford 2C 1141.

After 22 Nov 1395 Robert de Vere 1st Duke Ireland was buried at Colne Priory [Map]. King Richard II of England (age 28) had the coffin opened to kiss his friend's hand and to gaze on his face one last time.


On 22 Nov 1428 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury (age 28) and Alice Montagu 5th Countess of Salisbury (age 21). He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III of England.

Execution of Bishop Fisher and Thomas More

Letters and Papers 1535. 22 Nov 1535. 873. They have taken the able persons out of some monasteries, and left the infirm (inhabiles) with so little to maintain them that they are constrained to leave their religion. They have taken all the nuns under twenty-five years from the monastery. One of the commissaries spoke improperly to the nuns, who rebuked him, saying that their Apostolic privileges were broken. The commissary replied that he had more power on behalf of the King than the whole Apostolic See. When the nuns referred their complaint to Cromwell, the King's secretary, by whom these ill deeds are done, he replied that this was only the prologue (que esto no era el introito)1.

The sons of knights are made abbots, even though they are young, that they may collect the rents. The heads of the holy cardinal of Rochester, the holy Thomas More, and another holy Carthusian Martyr were set up at the gate of London. Rochester's head was always fresher, although the others were turning black. Seeing that the people noticed it, the heads have been thrown into the river.

The cardinals who are commissioned to attend to the English cause have published that they wish at once to declare the King deprived of his kingdom, and his subjects absolved from their oath of allegiance. However, the minute which they have drawn up is only monitory.

Asks the Empress to have continual prayer made for the Queen and Princess. Rome, 22 Nov. 1535.

Sp., pp. 7. Modern copy.

Note 1. No doubt there is an error in the copy. "Only the prologue" is evidently meant.

On 22 Nov 1564 Henry Brooke 11th Baron Cobham was born to William Brooke 10th Baron Cobham (age 37) and Frances Newton Baroness Cobham (age 25).

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On 22 Nov 1651 Francis Scott 2nd Earl Buccleuch (age 24) died. His daughter Mary Scott 3rd Countess Buccleuch (age 4) succeeded 3rd Countess Buccleuch.

On 22 Nov 1660 Francis Annesley 1st Viscount Valentia (age 74) died. He was buried at Thorganby. His son Arthur Annesley 1st Earl Annesley (age 46) succeeded 2nd Viscount Valentia 2C 1642. Elizabeth Altham Countess Anglesey (age 40) by marriage Viscountess Valentia.


Great Plague of London

Pepy's Diary. 22 Nov 1665. I heard this day that Mr. Harrington is not dead of the plague, as we believed, at which I was very glad, but most of all, to hear that the plague is come very low; that is, the whole under 1,000, and the plague 600 and odd: and great hopes of a further decrease, because of this day's being a very exceeding hard frost, and continues freezing.

On 22 Nov 1691 Henry Howard 5th Earl Suffolk (age 64) and Mary Upton Countess Suffolk (age 41) were married. The difference in their ages was 22 years. He the son of Theophilus Howard 2nd Earl Suffolk and Elizabeth Home Countess Suffolk.NOTEXT

On 22 Nov 1694 Archbishop John Tillotson (age 64) died.


On 22 Nov 1753 David Carnegie 4th Baronet was born to James Carnegie 3rd Baronet (age 37).

On 22 Nov 1754 Charles Alexander Hohenzollern Margrave Brandenburg Ansbach (age 18) and Frederica Caroline Saxe Coburg Saalfeld Margrave Brandenburg Ansbach (age 19) were married at Coburg. He a great grandson of King George I of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 22 Nov 1758 Richard Edgecumbe 1st Baron Edgcumbe (age 78) died.

On 22 Nov 1846 Robert Jocelyn 4th Earl Roden was born to Robert Jocelyn (age 30) and Frances Elizabeth Cowper (age 26).

On 22 Nov 1853 William Legge 4th Earl Dartmouth (age 68) died. In 1853 His son William Legge 5th Earl Dartmouth (age 30) succeeded 5th Earl Dartmouth. Augusta Finch Countess Dartmouth (age 31) by marriage Countess Dartmouth.

Before 22 Nov 1856 Augustus Wykeham Clifton (age 27) and Bertha Lelgarde Rawdon-Hastings 22nd Baroness Grey Ruthyn (age 21) were married. She the daughter of George Augustus Francis Rawdon-Hastings 2nd Marquess Hastings and Barbara Yelverton Marchioness Hastings (age 46).

After 22 Nov 1858. Monument to Caroline Fane (deceased), wife of Charles Chaplin (age 72) commissioned by her two nieces Louisa Anne Fleming Fane (age 44) and Julia Charlotte Fane (age 33) at St Oswald's Church, Blankney.

On 22 Nov 1859 William Scott 6th Duke Buccleuch 8th Duke Queensberry (age 28) and Louisa Jane Hamilton Duchess Buccleuch and Queensbury (age 23) were married. She the daughter of James Hamilton 1st Duke Abercorn (age 48) and Louisa Jane Russell Duchess Abercorn (age 47). He the son of Walter Scott 5th Duke Buccleuch 7th Duke Queensberry and Charlotte Anne Thynne Duchess Buccleuch Duchess Queensbury (age 48). She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.


On 22 Nov 1886 Susan Liddell Countess Hardwicke (age 76) died. Monument in St Andrew's Church, Wimpole [Map].

Susan Liddell Countess Hardwicke: On 11 Jan 1810 she was born to Thomas Liddell 1st Baron Ravensworth (age 34) and Maria Susannah Simpson Baroness Calthorpe (age 37). In Aug 1833 Charles Yorke 4th Earl of Hardwicke (age 34) and Susan Liddell Countess Hardwicke (age 23) were married. On 18 Nov 1834 Philip Yorke 3rd Earl of Hardwicke (age 77) died. He was buried in St Andrew's Church, Wimpole. His nephew Charles Yorke 4th Earl of Hardwicke (age 35) succeeded 4th Earl Hardwicke, 4th Viscount Royston. Susan Liddell Countess Hardwicke (age 24) by marriage Countess Hardwicke.

On 22 Nov 1895 John Warren 3rd Baron Tabley (age 60) died.


On 22 Nov 1907 John Crichton 5th Earl Erne was born to Henry Crichton (age 35) and Mary Cavendish Grosvenor (age 24).

On 22 Nov 1910 Michael Marsham 7th Earl Romney was born to Reginald Hastings Marsham (age 44).

On 22 Nov 1957 Henry Moore 10th Earl of Drogheda (age 73) died. His son Charles Moore 11th Earl of Drogheda (age 47) succeeded 11th Earl Drogheda, 13th Viscount Moore of Drogheda.

On 22 Nov 1963 President John Fitzgerald Kennedy (age 46) was killed.

On 22 Nov 1975 Juan Carlos I King Spain (age 37) was restored I King Spain.