On this Day in History ... 27 May

27 May is in May.

1199 Coronation of King John

1389 Scrope vs Grosvenor Case

1405 Northern Rising

1464 Battle of Hexham

1541 Executions

1550 Visit of the French Ambassadors

1940 Battle of Wytschaete

Bede. 668. There was at that time in Rome, a monk, called Theodore (age 66), well known to Hadrian (age 31), born at Tarsus in Cilicia, a man well instructed in worldly and Divine literature, as also in Greek and Latin; of known probity of life, and venerable for age, being sixty-six years old. Hadrian (age 31) offered him to the pope to be ordained bishop, and prevailed; but upon these conditions, that he should conduct him into Britain, because he had already travelled through France twice upon several occasions, and was, therefore, better acquainted with the way, and was, moreover, sufficiently provided with men of his own; as also that being his fellow-labourer in doctrine, he might take special care that Theodore (age 66) should not, according to the custom of the Greeks, introduce any thing contrary to the true faith into the church where he presided. Hadrian (age 31), being ordained subdeacon, waited four months for his hair to grow, that it might be shorn into the shape of a crown; for he had before the tonsure of St. Paul, the apostle, after the manner of the eastern people. He was ordained by Pope Vitalian, in the year of our Lord 668, on Sunday, the 26th of March, and on the 27th of May was sent with Hadrian (age 31) into Britain.

On 27 May 866 Ordoño I King Asturias (age 45) died. His son Alfonso "Great" III King Asturias (age 18) succeeded III King Asturias.

On 27 May 1039 Dirk Gerulfing III Count Holland died. On 27 May 1039 His son Dirk Gerulfing IV Count Holland (age 14) succeeded IV Count Holland.

On 27 May 1153 Malcolm IV King Scotland (age 12) was crowned IV King Scotland at Scone.

Coronation of King John

Letters. 27 May 1208. Letter VII. Eleanor "Fair Maid of Britanny" 4th Countess of Richmond (age 24) to her subjects in Brittany.

Eleanora, duchess of Bretagne and countess of Richmond, to her dear and faithful lords the bishops of Nantes, Vannes, and Cornwall, and to Eudo de Poule, and Geoffry Espine, and Oliver de Rugy, and Pagan de Mal-Estrail, and all other her barons and faithful subjects of Bretagne, greeting.

We give you manifold thanks concerning the things of which you have informed us, and earnestly entreat you that you, the above-named, come to England to my lord and uncle the king of England (age 41); and know you, certainly, that your advent will, God willing, tend to your and our great honour and convenience, and, by God's grace, to our liberation.

We have spoken with our said uncle (age 41) about affording you a safe-conduct, and he is glad of your coming, and sends you his letters patent of safe-conduct; and you may all come safely by means of those letters - or as many of you as can, if all cannot come.

Witness myself, at Sarum, the 27th day of May.

On 27 May 1234 King Louis IX of France (age 20) and Margaret Provence Queen Consort France (age 13) were married. She by marriage Queen Consort of France. She the daughter of Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence (age 36) and Beatrice Savoy Countess Provence (age 36). He the son of Louis "Lion" VIII King France and Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France (age 46). They were half third cousins. He a great grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

On 27 May 1240 William Warenne 5th Earl Surrey died. His son John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey (age 9) succeeded 6th Earl Surrey 1C 1088 and inherited his estates including Conisbrough Castle [Map].

On 27 May 1257 Sanchia Provence Queen Consort Germany (age 29) was crowned Queen Consort Germany at Aachen Cathedral, Aachen aka Aix-le-Chapelle.

Before 27 May 1335 Hugh Neville 1st Baron Neville Essex (age 58) died. His son John Neville 2nd Baron Neville Essex (age 36) succeeded 2nd Baron Neville Essex.

Archaeologia Volume 35 1853 XXXIII. On the 27th [May 1358], the Earl of Douglas (age 35) dined with the Queen (age 63); and the Maréchal D'Audenham came to supper.

Scrope vs Grosvenor Case

In Sep 1389 the Scrope vs Grosvenor Case was brought to the Court of Chivalry. Up to that time two families, Scrope and Grosvenor, had been using the armorial Scrope Arms: Azure, a bend or.

Several hundred witnesses were called including John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster (age 49), Geoffrey Chaucer (age 46) and John Savile of Shelley and Golcar (age 64).

On 03 Sep 1386 Owain ap Gruffudd "Glyndŵr" Mathrafal Prince Powys (age 27) gave evidence at the Church of John the Baptist, Chester [Map].

The Court decided in favour of Scrope.

Neither party was happy with the decision so King Richard II (age 22) was called upon to give his personal verdict.

On 27 May 1390 he confirmed that Grosvenor could not bear the undifferenced arms.

As a consequence of the case the Grosvenor has for many years used the name Bendor for horses and nicknames.

Northern Rising

On 27 May 1405 Archbishop Richard Scrope (age 55) and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk 2nd Earl Nottingham (age 19) assembled a force of around 8000 men at Shipton Moor Shipton Hambleton. Believing they had been given safe conduct by Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 41) and assured their demands would be met, the rebel army disbanded

Nicholas Montgomery: Around 1376 he was born to Nicholas Montgomery (age 20) and Margaret Foljambe (age 11) at Great Cubley. In or before 1390 Nicholas Montgomery (age 14) and Joan Longford (age 12) were married.

Battle of Hexham

On 27 May 1464 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu (age 33) was created 1st Earl of Northumberland 3C 1464 as a reward for successfully suppressing the Lancastrian resistance in the North. The Ealdom of Northumberland traditionally held by the Percy family with whom the Neville family had been feuding for generations.

Around 27 May 1509 Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon (age 50) died. Earl Devon 3C 1485, Baron Okehampton, Baron Courtenay forfeit since his son William Courtenay 1st Earl Devon (age 34) had been attainted in Feb 1504.

Hall's Chronicle 1522. 27 May 1522. The King of England (age 30) was come to Canterbury [Map], the twenty-seventh day of May, and received by the Archbishop (age 72): and hearing of the Emperors arrival, with a small company on the Wednesday, being the Ascension eve, he rode to Dover, and with much joy and gladness the Emperor (age 22) and he met, and there tarried the Ascension Day, and on Friday, the King brought the Emperor aboard on his new ship, called the Henry Grace Dieu, a ship of fifteen hundred tons and rowed about to all his great ships, which then lay in Dover road. The Emperor and his lords, much praised the making of the ships, and especially the artillery, they said, they never saw ships so armed.


1541 Executions

Hall's Chronicle 1541. 27 May 1541. On the same day was Margaret Countess of Salisbury (age 67), which had been long prisoner in the Tower [Map], beheaded in the Tower, and she was the last of the right line and name, of Plantagenet.


On 27 May 1541, after some two and a half years of imprisonment, Margaret Pole Countess Salsbury (age 67) was executed at Tower Green, Tower of London [Map] for her role in the Exeter Conspiracy.

Baron Montagu 3C 1357 and Baron Montagu 1C 1299 forfeit.

Visit of the French Ambassadors

Diary of Edward VI. 27 May 1550. The embassadours, after thei had hunted, sat with me at souper.3

Note 3. "Upon Tuesday the King's matie had them on hunting in Hyde park, and that night they supped with his highness in the privy chamber." (Ibid.)

On 27 May 1601 Edward Seymour 1st Earl Hertford (age 62) and Frances Howard Duchess Lennox and Richmond (age 22) were married. She by marriage Countess Hertford. The difference in their ages was 39 years. He the son of Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset and Anne Stanhope Duchess Somerset. They were half third cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III of England. NOTEXT


Evelyn's Diary. 27 May 1641. Arrived at Hague, I went first to the Queen of Bohemia's (age 44) Court, where I had the honour to kiss her Majesty's (age 44) hand, and several of the Princesses' her daughters. Prince Maurice (age 20) was also there, newly come out of Germany, and my Lord Finch (age 19), not long before fled out of England from the fury of the Parliament. It was a fasting-day with the Queen for the unfortunate death of her husband, and the presence-chamber had been hung with black velvet ever since his decease.

On 27 May 1661 Archibald Campbell 1st Marquess Argyll (age 54) was beheaded for his perceived treason on the restoration of Charles II at Edinburgh [Map]. He was buried at Kilmun Church.

On 27 May 1703 Walter Chetwynd 1st Viscount Chetwynd (age 24) and Mary Berkeley Viscountess Chetwynd (age 32) were married at St Martin in the Fields [Map].

On 27 May 1712 William Keith 9th Earl Marischal (age 48) died. His son George Keith 10th Earl Marischal (age 20) succeeded 10th Earl Marischal.

On 27 May 1719 Thomas Newport 1st Baron Torrington (age 64) died without issue. Baron Torrington of Torrington in Devon extinct. He was buried at Wroxeter [Map].


On 27 May 1798 George Henry Roper-Curzon 16th Baron Teynham was born to Henry Francis Roper-Curzon 14th Baronet (age 31) and Bridget Hawkins Baroness Teynham.

On 27 May 1802 John Townshend 2nd Viscount Sydney (age 38) and Caroline Elizabeth Letitia Clements Viscountess Sydney were married. She by marriage Viscountess Sydney. She the daughter of Robert Clements 1st Earl Leitrim (age 69) and Elizabeth Skeffington Countess Leitrim.

On 27 May 1814 John Manners-Sutton 3rd Viscount Canterbury was born to Charles Manners-Sutton 1st Viscount Canterbury (age 34) and Lucy Maria Denison.

On 27 May 1819 George V King Hanover was born to Ernest Augustus King Hanover (age 47) and Frederica Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort Hanover (age 41). He a grandson of King George III of Great Britain and Ireland. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.19%.

On 27 May 1864 Fiennes Cornwallis 1st Baron Cornwallis Linton Kent was born at Chacombe Priory Banbury [Map].

On 27 May 1893 Harry Frederick Crookshank 1st Viscount Crookshank was born at Cairo.

On 27 May 1893 Jane Gordon (age 82) died. She was buried at St Edwen's Church, Llanedwen [Map].

Jane Gordon: On 20 Apr 1811 she was born.

Bishop Adelbert John Robert Anson: On 20 Dec 1840 he was born to Thomas William Anson 1st Earl Lichfield (age 45) and Louisa Barbara Catherine Phillips Countess Lichfield (age 40). He was educated at Eton College and Christ Church College, Oxford University. Between 1875 and 1883 Bishop Adelbert John Robert Anson (age 42) was Rector of St Mary Magdalene Church Woolwich. On 24 Jun 1884 Bishop Adelbert John Robert Anson (age 43) was consecrated Bishop of Bishop of Qu'Appelle in Canada by Archbishop of Canterbury at St Mary at Lambeth Church, Surrey. In or after 1892 Bishop Adelbert John Robert Anson (age 51) was appointed Master of St John's Hospital, Lichfield, until 1898. On 27 May 1909 Bishop Adelbert John Robert Anson (age 68) died. He was buried at St Michael and All Angels Church Colwich, Staffordshire.

After 27 May 1918. Monument to Benjamin Footman who died of wounds on 27 May 1918. North Staffordshire Regiment Service Number: 42703. Son of Amelia Footman, of Hanbury Wharf, Droitwich, Worcs, and the late Benjamin Footman; husband of Julia Footman, of "Lincs," Fairfield Rd., Leckhampton, Cheltenham..

Benjamin Footman was born at Hanbury Wharf, Worcestershire in 1884. In 1911 he was working as a butler in Catsfield, Sussex when he married Julia Bartlett in Cheltenham. They moved to Somerset but by 1914 had moved to Fulbeck (where he was still a butler). He signed up for the Army in Nov 15 but wasn't mobilised until Jun 1916. He joined 3rd Battalion, Lincolnshire Regiment and was soon made Lieutenant Corporal, probably because he'd previously served 20 months in the Worcestershire Regiment (presumably before he became a butler). He was training at the Lincolnshire Regiment depot at Grimsby in Oct 1917, though he seems to have been ill or injured during this time.

In Oct 1917 he was sent to Ireland and based at Blackrock Castle, Cork. On 3rd March 1918 he sailed from Folkestone to France, where he was transferred to 8th Battalion, North Staffordshire Regiment.

On 12th (or 15th) April 1918 he received a gunshot wound to the head. He was evacuated and sent to the Royal Victoria Military Hospital, Netley, near Southampton. Here he had several operations but the wound became infected and he died on 27th May. His body was sent by train to Leadenham station and he was buried in Fulbeck churchyard. The gravestone is of an unusual design, so it may be that his former employer paid for it before the Commonwealth War Graves Commission was set up. Julia received a widows pension of 33/9d a week for herself and their four children. By the end of 1918 they'd moved to Cheltenham and were living at 6 Andover St. By 1920 her address was 'Lincs' Fairfield Rd., Leckhampton, Cheltenham.

On 27 May 1921 Haydn Keeton Organist (age 73) died. He was buried at Peterborough Cathedral [Map].

Haydn Keeton Organist: On 26 Oct 1847 he was born. In 1870 Haydn Keeton Organist (age 22) was appointed Organist at Peterborough Cathedral.


Battle of Wytschaete

On 27 May 1940 George Coventry 10th Earl Coventry (age 39) was killed in action during the Battle of Wytschaete at La Bassée. His son George William Coventry 11th Earl Coventry (age 6) succeeded 11th Earl Coventry.

On 27 May 1942 Mary Thicknesse-Touchet 22nd Baroness Audley (age 83) died unmarried. Her first cousin twice removed Thomas Percy Tuchet-Jesson (age 28) succeeded 23rd Baron Audley of Heighley in Staffordshire.

On 27 May 1948 Nicholas Eliot 9th Earl of St Germans (age 34) and Margaret Eleanor Wyndham (age 34) were married. They were divorced in 1959. He the son of Montague Eliot 8th Earl of St Germans (age 78).

On 27 May 1949 William Lever 2nd Viscount Leverhulme (age 61) died.