27 Oct is in October.
On 27 Oct 625 Pope Honorius I was appointed Pope.
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 1065. Soon after this all the thanes in Yorkshire and in Northumberland gathered themselves together at York, and outlawed their Earl Tosty (age 39); slaying all the men of his clan that they could reach, both Danish and English; and took all his weapons in York, with gold and silver, and all his money that they could anywhere there find. They then sent after Morkar, son of Earl Elgar, and chose him for their earl. He went south with all the shire, and with Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire and Lincolnshire, till he came to Northampton [Map]; where his brother Edwin came to meet him with the men that were in his earldom. Many Britons also came with him. Harold (age 43) also there met them; on whom they imposed an errand to King Edward (age 62), sending also messengers with him, and requesting that they might have Morcar for their earl. This the king granted; and sent back Harold (age 43) to them, to Northampton, on the eve of St. Simon and St. Jude; and announced to them the same, and confirmed it by hand, and renewed there the laws of Knute. But the Northern men did much harm about Northampton, whilst he went on their errand: either that they slew men, and burned houses and corn; or took all the cattle that they could come at; which amounted to many thousands. Many hundred men also they took, and led northward with them; so that not only that shire, but others near it were the worse for many winters.
Bishop Walter de Merton: Around 1205 he was born.
Froissart. WHEN the queen (age 31) and her barons and all her company were lodged at their ease, then they besieged the castle [Map] as near as they might. The queen (age 31) caused sir Hugh Spencer (deceased) the elder and the earl of Arundel (age 20) to be brought forth before Edward her son (age 13) and all the barons that were there present, and said how that she and her son (age 13) should take right and law on them according to their deserts. Then sir Hugh Spencer (deceased) said, 'Madam, God be to you a good judge and give you good judgment1, and if we cannot have it in this world, I pray God we may have it in another.' Then stept forth Sir Thomas Wake (age 29), a good knight and marshal of the host, and there openly he recounted their deeds in writing, and then turned him to another ancient knight to the intent that he should bring him on that case fauty1, and to declare what should be done with such persons, and what judgment they should have for such causes. Then the said knight counselled with other barons and knights, and so reported their opinions, the which was, how they had well deserved death for divers horrible deeds, the which they have commised, for all the trespass rehearsed before to justify to be of truth;3 wherefore they have deserved for the diversities of their trespasses to have judgment in three divers manners-first, to be drawn, and after to be headed, and then to be hanged on the gibbet. This in likewise as they were judged so it was done and executed before the castle of Bristow [Map] in the sight of the king and of sir Hugh Spencer the younger (deceased). This judgment was done in the year of our Lord MCCCXXVI., on Saint Denis' day in October [Note. Saint Denis' day is 09 Oct not 27 Oct?].
Note 1. This should be, 'God give us a good judge and good judgment ' ; but Verard's edition, from which the translation was made, has 'vous' for 'nous.'
Note 2. This appears to mean, ' To the intent that he should find him guilty on the charge' ('fauty' for 'faulty'); but the original means, 'To the intent that he should declare upon his fealty (féaulté) what should be done with such persons,' etc.
Note 3. Or rather as follows: ' That the accused had well deserved death for divers horrible deeds which they had heard in that place rehearsed, and held them for true and manifest.'
On 27 Oct 1439 Albert Habsburg V Duke Austria (age 42) died.
Before 27 Oct 1441 Eleanor Cobham Duchess of Gloucester (age 41), wife of the heir presumptive Humphrey 1st Duke Gloucester (age 51), brother of the deceased King Henry V of England, uncle of King Henry VI of England and II of France (age 19), was tried for predicting the future of the King; in reality a veiled attack on her husband who had over-reached himself. She had consulted two astrologers Thomas Southwell Astrologer and Roger Bolingbroke. All three were arrested, tried and found guilty. Eleanor denied most of the charges but confessd to obtaining potions from Margery Jourdemayne "The Witch of Eye" (age 26). She was sentenced to do public penance, divorce her husband and remain confined for the remainder of her life.
Chronicle of Gregory 1441. 27 Oct 1441. And on Syn Symon and Jude ys eve was the wycche (age 26) be syde Westemyster brent in Smethefylde [Map], and on the day of Symon and Jude the person of Syn Stevynnys in Walbroke, whyche that was one of the same fore sayde traytours, deyde in the Toure [Map] for sorowe.
Note 1. Necromancy.
On 27 Oct 1441 Margery Jourdemayne "The Witch of Eye" (age 26) was burned at the stake.
Before 27 Oct 1444 John Radclyffe Baron Fitzwalter (age 18) and Elizabeth Fitzwalter Baroness Dinham 8th Baroness Fitzwalter (age 14) were married. He by marriage Baron Fitzwalter 1C 1295. They were third cousins.
On 27 Oct 1513 George Manners 11th Baron Ros Helmsley (age 43) died. He was buried in the St Leger Chantry, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle [Map]. On 27 Oct 1513 His son Thomas Manners 1st Earl of Rutland (age 21) succeeded 12th Baron Ros Helmsley.
In Aug 1627 more troops, including the newly promoted Lieutenant John Felton (age 32), arrived.
On 03 Sep 1627 two thousand Irish troops arrived under Ralph Bingley (age 57)
On 27 Oct 1627 a final assault was attempted; it failed because the attackers' siege ladders were shorter than the walls of the fortress.
In Nov 1627 George Villiers 1st Duke of Buckingham (age 35) retreasted and returned to England having lost thousands of his men.
On 27 Oct 1644 Maurice Palatinate Simmern (age 23) fought for the defeated Royalist army at the Second Battle of Newbury at Speen Newbury [Map]. Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Cleveland (age 53) was captured. Edward St John (age 27) was killed.
James Harington 3rd Baronet (age 36), who had his horse shot from under him, commanded five regiments.
Before 27 Oct 1666 John Kelyng Lord Chief Justice (age 59) prosecuted Frenchman John Hubert who confessed to setting the fire in the King's Bakehouse in Pudding Lane. Hubert was duly found guilty by the jury and executed on 27 Oct 1666 by order of Kelynge, even though Kelynge told the King that he did not believe a word of the confession.
Calendars. 27 Oct 1666. Whitehall. 62. H. Muddiman to Sir Edward Stradling, St. Donat's Castle, Glamorganshire. The sickness is abating, 8 only have died of it at Plymouth, 8 at Sarum, decrease 17, one or two at Ips- wich, and 8 at Norwich. The English are said to have been forced from the Canaries, leaving their estates in the hands of Spaniards. The Commissioners for payment of seamen daily pay off great numbers who are discharged from winter service, and bring their tickets with them, and the rest are ordered by beat of drum to repair aboard. The planting of hemp is much enconraged. The Commons have answered the Lords' reasons about importing French commodities, and are settling supplies. Sir Jeremy Smith has got as much credit by his late examination as his enemies wished him disgrace, the King (age 36) and Duke of York (age 33) being fully satisfied of his valour in the engagement. It appears that he had 147 men killed and wounded, while the most eminent of his accusers had but two or three. Peter Ceely of Cornwall, secured on suspicion of fanaticism, refused the liberty offered him if he would give security to the deputy lieutenants. The King has ordered a proclamation in Scotland for a convocation, which differs from a parliament in that it can levy money, but makes no laws. News from Germany, Brandenburg, Holland, and Munster. Sir Rich. Browne has brought into the House of Commons knives broad and sharp, able to pierce armour, of which 300 were found in the rubbish of a house where two Frenchmen lived; they can be guessed of no use but to massacre. A proclamation and other measures are proposed, for repressing the insolencies of the Papists. [8 pages.]
Before 27 Oct 1749 William Byron 5th Baron Byron (age 26) and Elizabeth Shaw were married.
Before 27 Oct 1757 John Drummond 5th Duke Perth (age 77) and Mary Stewart (age 55) were married. The difference in their ages was 22 years. She the daughter of Charles Stewart 4th Earl Traquair and Mary Maxwell Countess Traquair (age 86). He the son of James Drummond 1st Duke Perth. They were third cousins.
On 27 Oct 1788 William Waldegrave 8th Earl Waldegrave was born to George Waldegrave 4th Earl Waldegrave (age 36) and Elizabeth Laura Waldegrave Countess Waldegrave (age 28). He a great x 3 grandson of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland. Coefficient of inbreeding 6.27%.
On 27 Oct 1799 Cospatrick Alexander Douglas-Home 11th Earl of Home was born to Alexander Ramey Home 10th Earl of Home (age 29) and Elizabeth Scott Countess Home at Dalkeith House, Dalkeith.
On 27 Oct 1822 Stephen Moore 2nd Earl Mount Cashell (age 52) died.
On 27 Oct 1865 Murray Finch-Hatton 7th Earl Nottingham 12th Earl Winchilsea (age 14) and Edith Harcourt Countess Winchelsea and Nottingham (age 9) were married. He the son of George Finch-Hatton 5th Earl Nottingham 10th Earl Winchilsea and Fanny Margaretta Rice Countess Nottingham Winchilsea.
On 27 Oct 1867 John Wrottesley 2nd Baron Wrottesley (age 69) died. His son Arthur Wrottesley 3rd Baron Wrottesley (age 43) succeeded 3rd Baron Wrottesley of Wrottesley in Staffordshire, 11th Baronet Wrottesley of Wrottesley in Staffordshire. Augusta Elizabeth Denison Baroness Wrottesley (age 34) by marriage Lady Wrottesley of Wrottesley in Staffordshire.
On 27 Oct 1868 Archibishop Charles Longley (age 74) died.
On 27 Oct 1883 William Palmer 2nd Earl Selborne (age 24) and Beatrix Maud Gascoyne-Cecil Countess Selborne (age 25) were married. She the daughter of Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil 3rd Marquess Salisbury (age 53). He the son of Roundell Palmer 1st Earl Selborne (age 70) and Laura Waldegrave Countess Selborne (age 62). He a great x 5 grandson of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland.
On 27 Oct 1889 Constantine I King Greece (age 21) and Sophia Hohenzollern Queen Consort Greece (age 19) were married. She the daughter of Frederick III King Prussia and Victoria Empress Germany Queen Consort Prussia (age 48). He the son of George I King Greece (age 43) and Olga Constantinovna Holstein Gottorp Romanov Queen Consort Greece (age 38). They were half second cousin once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland. She a granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.
On 27 Oct 1909 James Grimston 4th Earl of Verulam (age 29) and Violet Constance Maitland Brabazon Countess Verulam (age 23) were married. She the daughter of Reginald Brabazon 12th Earl of Meath (age 68) and Mary Jane Maitland Countess Meath (age 62). He the son of James Walter Grimston 3rd Earl Verulam (age 57) and Margaret Francis Graham Countess Verulam (age 56).
On 27 Oct 1954 Thomas Arthur Hamish Liddell 9th Baron Ravensworth was born to Arthur Waller Liddell 8th Baron Ravensworth (age 30).