On this Day in History ... 27th September

27 Sep is in September.

1517 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

1528 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

1665 Great Plague of London

1533 Buggery Act

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 27th September

On 27 Sep 1450 Richard Plantagenet 3rd Duke of York (age 39) arrivedin London.

On 27 Sep 1510 Edward Redman Lord Harewood (age 55) died. All Saints Church Harewood [Map]. Monument to Edward Redman Lord Harewood (age 55) and Elizabeth Huddlestone Baroness Harewood (age 60). Fluted Period. Esses and Roses Collar. Dogs Head Crest. She wearing a simple headdress with veil falling low on the shoulders. The carving somewhat reminiscent of Alice Chaucer's. Monument in Ewelme [Map], Oxfordshire. Angels Supporting Pillow. Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields. Chest with Weepers.

Elizabeth Huddlestone Baroness Harewood: Edward Redman Lord Harewood and she were married. In 1450 she was born to John Huddlestone 7th Lord Millom and Mary Fenwick Lady Millom. Around 1483 William Redman Lord Harewood died. He was buried at Levens, Heversham. His brother Edward Redman Lord Harewood succeeded Lord Harewood. She by marriage Lord Harewood. On 31 May 1526 Elizabeth Huddlestone Baroness Harewood died.

Letters and Papers 1517. 27 Sep 1517. R.O. 3700. MARGARET OF SAVOY to HENRY VIII.

In behalf of Jacques Pauye, nephew of the late Mich. Pauye, confessor of the King Catholic, who in his uncle's lifetime had been provided by exchange with a prebend in Tournay, and would have gone personally to Wolsey to receive collation but for the prevailing sickness. Brussels, 27 Sept. 1517. Signed.

Fr., p. 1. Add.

Letters and Papers 1528. 27 Sep 1528. R. O. 4782. SIR EDWARD GULDEFORD to WOLSEY.

Has sent to Calais four passengers (ships) for transporting cardinal Campeggio. Among the others "the Peter Baily, for his own person, which is the ship that your Grace hath passed in divers times, and hath a bed in her, and the cabin, appareled after the best fashion." Wishes to know whether the charge is to be at the King or Wolsey's cost. The Legate cannot stay more than one night at Dovor, as it is infected with the sickness, and as the priory is in that quarter of the town, has appointed the bailiff's house for the reception of the Legate. The town is prepared. Dovor, Sunday, 27 Sept. Signed.

P. 1. Add. Endd.

Letters and Papers 1535. 27 Sep 1535. R. O. 450. Sir Thomas Audeley to Cromwell.

Has received his letter, with the books of Bath and Winchester for valuation of the spiritualities. Only 12 or 13 books have yet come to his hands. Wonders the Commissioners are so negligent. Has lain at Old Ford only for this cause these 14 or 15 days, and cannot proceed till all the books come in. Intends to write letters, in the names of Cromwell and himself, to the Commissioners of the shires where they lack. and send them with the writs of the prorogation of Parliament, and with the commissions and proclamations for wheat, which will all be ready tomorrow. Wishes to know the King's pleasure about proclamations for clothiers. Must ride to the burial of Sir David Owen, who has named him one of his executors. Wishes to know what Cromwell has done for London, Middlesex, and Surrey. Thanks him for moving the Queen (age 34) for her house, and desires him to thank her Highness for lending it to him. Would be glad to gratify Cromwell about the nomination of the under-sheriff of Middlesex, "and am right well content ye take your pleasure in it, praying you to consider that it is given me, and that of good congruence and reason ye cannot take it from me." You have done me much greater pleasures, and this is not for my own profit, but for my poor servant's, to whom I can give nothing. Remember, I moved you once for poor Dyne to have the controllership of the dispensations, "with poor £10 fee. Ye have his bill." Each of us must have a clerk, with 20 marks' fee, to make up books of benefices, as it will be a great business. I shall be near the Court when I go to Mr. Owen's burial, but dare not approach the King's presence till I know his pleasure. I have long wished to see his Grace, "but I have a little resorted to London, and some suitors of London daily have come to my house." Can never be rid of them. Sends humble recommendations to the King and Queen. Old Ford, Monday before Michaelmas Day.

Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Thomas Crumwell, Esq., Chief Secretary to the King's Highness. Endd.

On 27 Sep 1601 Louis XIII King France was born to Henry IV King France (age 47) and Marie de Medici Queen Consort France (age 26).

Pepy's Diary. 27 Sep 1665. Here I saw this week's Bill of Mortality, wherein, blessed be God! there is above 1800 decrease, being the first considerable decrease we have had.

Pepy's Diary. 27 Sep 1665. I thence to Captain Cocke's (age 48), [and] (he not yet come from town) to Mr. Evelyn's (age 44), where much company; and thence in his coach with him to the Duke of Albemarle (age 56) by Lambeth, who was in a mighty pleasant humour; there the Duke (age 31) tells us that the Dutch do stay abroad, and our fleet must go out again, or to be ready to do so.

Pepy's Diary. 27 Sep 1665. Back again the same way and had most excellent discourse of Mr. Evelyn (age 44) touching all manner of learning; wherein I find him a very fine gentleman, and particularly of paynting, in which he tells me the beautifull Mrs. Middleton is rare, and his own wife do brave things. He brought me to the office, whither comes unexpectedly Captain Cocke (age 48), who hath brought one parcel of our goods by waggons, and at first resolved to have lodged them at our office; but then the thoughts of its being the King's house altered our resolution, and so put them at his friend's, Mr. Glanvill's (age 47), and there they are safe. Would the rest of them were so too! In discourse, we come to mention my profit, and he offers me £500 clear, and I demand £600 for my certain profit.

John Evelyn to Samuel Tuke 27 Sep 166. 27 Sep 1666. John Evelyn (age 45) to Samuel Tuke 1st Baronet (age 51).

It was some foure dayes before the most fatal Conflagration of the (quondam) Cltty of London yt I addressed a few lines to you; little thinking I should so soone have had two such dissolutions to deplore: The burning of the best Towne in the World: and the discease of the best fFriend in ye World, your excellent Lady. Sr, you know they are but small afflictions that are loquacious - greate ones are silent: & if ever greate ones there were, mine eyes have beheld, & mine eares heard them, with an heart so possess'd with sorrow, that it Is not easily expressed; because ye instances have ben altogether stupendous & unparallel'd. But it were in vaine to entertaine you with those formal topics, wh are wont to be apply'd to persons of lesse fortitude & Christian resignation, though I cannot but exhort you to what, I know, you do - looke upon all things in this World as transitory & perishiug; sent us upon condition of quitting them cherefully, when God pleases to take them from us. This consideration alone, (wth the rest of those Graces wh God has furnish'd you wth all will be able to alevlate yr passion, & to preserve you from succumbing under yr pressures, wh I confesse are weighty: but not insupportable: Live therefore, I conjure you, & helpe to restore yr deare Country, & to consolate yt ffriends: There is none alive wishes you more sincere happlnesse than my poore family.

I suppose I should have heard ere this from you of all y concerntnents; but impute y silence to some possible miscarriage of y"^ Letf^; since the usual place of addresse is w"' the rest reduc'd to ashes & made an heape of ruines. I would give you a more particular relation of this calamitous accident; but I should oppresse you with sad stories, and I. question not but they are come too soone amongst you at Paris with all mlnutenesse, & (were it possible) hyperbolies; There is this yet of lesse deplorable in it: That, as it pleas'd God to order it, little effects of any greate consequence have been lost, besides the houses: - ^That o"^ Merchands at the same instant in w*^ it was permitted y'^ y^ tidings should file over Seas, had so settled all their affaires, as they complying w*'' their forraliie Correspondence as punctualy as if no disaster at all had happen'd; nor do we heare of so much as one that has fail'd. The Exchange is now at Gressham Colledge. Tlie rest of the Qitty (which m.ay consist of neere a 7th part) & suburbs peopl'd with new shopps, the same noyse, bulslnesse & co'merce, not to say vanity. Onely the poore Booke-sellers have ben indede ill treated by Vulcan; so many noble impressions consum'd, hy their trusting them to y* Churches, as the losse is estimated neere two-hundred thousand pounds: w*^^ will he an extraordinary detriment to y^ whole Republiq of Learning. In y* meane time, the King & Parliament are infinitely zealous for the rebuilding of our ruines; & I believe it will universally be the employment of y^ next Spring: They are now busied w'*^ adjusting the claimes of each proprietor, that so they may dispose things for the building after the noblest model: Every body brings in his idea, amongst the rest I P'^sented his Ma^"^ my owne conceptions, w^'' a Discourse annex'd. It was the second that was seene, within 2 dayes after the Conflagration; But Dr. Wren had got the start of me *. Both of us did coincide so frequently, that his Ma^'^ was not displeas'd with it, & it caus'd divers alterations; and truly there was never a more glorious Phoenix upon Earth, if it do at last emerge out of these cinders, & as the designe is layd, with the present fervour of y* undertakers. But these things are as yet im'a- ture; & I pray God we may enjoy peace to encourage those faire dispo- sitions: The miracle is, I have never in my life observ'd a more uni- versal resignation, lesse repining amongst sufferers; which makes me hope, y* God has yet thoughts of mercy towards us: Judgments do not alwayes end where they begin; & therefore let none exult over our calamities: - We know not whose turne it mav be next. But S'", I forbear to entertaine you longer on these sad reflections; but persist to beg of you not to suffer any transportations unbecoming a man of xvirtue; resolve to preserve ye selfe, if it be possible, for better times, the good & restauration of e Country, & the comfort of Friends & Relations, and amongst them of, Sr,

Sayes Court, Deptford [Map].

Pepy's Diary. 27 Sep 1667. To the office again, my head running on this pretty girl, and there till noon, when Creed and Sheres come and dined with me; and we had a great deal of pretty discourse of the ceremoniousness of the Spaniards, whose ceremonies are so many and so known, that, Sheres tells me, upon all occasions of joy or sorrow in a Grandee's family, my Lord Embassador is fain to send one with an 'en hora buena', if it be upon a marriage, or birth of a child, or a 'pesa me', if it be upon the death of a child, or so. And these ceremonies are so set, and the words of the compliment, that he hath been sent from my Lord, when he hath done no more than send in word to the Grandee that one was there from the Embassador; and he knowing what was his errand, that hath been enough, and he never spoken with him: nay, several Grandees having been to marry a daughter, have wrote letters to my Lord to give him notice, and out of the greatness of his wisdom to desire his advice, though people he never saw; and then my Lord he answers by commending the greatness of his discretion in making so good an alliance, &c., and so ends. He says that it is so far from dishonour to a man to give private revenge for an affront, that the contrary is a disgrace; they holding that he that receives an affront is not fit to appear in the sight of the world till he hath revenged himself; and therefore, that a gentleman there that receives an affront oftentimes never appears again in the world till he hath, by some private way or other, revenged himself: and that, on this account, several have followed their enemies privately to the Indys, thence to Italy, thence to France and back again, watching for an opportunity to be revenged. He says my Lord was fain to keep a letter from the Duke of York (age 33) to the Queen of Spain (age 32) a great while in his hands, before he could think fit to deliver it, till he had learnt whether the Queen (age 28) would receive it, it being directed to his cozen. He says that many ladies in Spain, after they are found to be with child, do never stir out of their beds or chambers till they are brought to bed: so ceremonious they are in that point also. He tells me of their wooing by serenades at the window, and that their friends do always make the match; but yet that they have opportunities to meet at masse at church, and there they make love: that the Court there hath no dancing, nor visits at night to see the King (age 37) or Queen (age 28), but is always just like a cloyster, nobody stirring in it: that my Lord Sandwich (age 42) wears a beard now, turned up in the Spanish manner. But that which pleases me most indeed is, that the peace which he hath made with Spain is now printed here, and is acknowledged by all the merchants to be the best peace that ever England had with them: and it appears that the King (age 37) thinks it so, for this is printed before the ratification is gone over; whereas that with France and Holland was not in a good while after, till copys come over of it in English out of Holland and France, that it was a reproach not to have it printed here. This I am mighty glad of; and is the first and only piece of good news, or thing fit to be owned, that this nation hath done several years.

Pepy's Diary. 27 Sep 1667. After dinner I to the office, and they gone, anon comes Pelling, and he and I to Gray's Inne Fields, thinking to have heard Mrs. Knight sing at her lodgings, by a friend's means of his1 but we come too late; so must try another time.

Note 1. Mrs. Knight, a celebrated singer and mistress of Charles II. There is in Waller's "Poems" a song sung by her to the Queen (age 28) on her birthday. In her portrait, engraved by Faber, after Kneller (age 21), she is represented in mourning, and in a devout posture before a crucifix. Evelyn (age 46) refers to her singing as incomparable, and adds that she had "the greatest reach of any English woman; she had been lately roaming in Italy, and was much improv'd in that quality" ("Diary", December 2nd, 1674).

After 01 Jan 1673 Roger Gale was born to Thomas Gale (age 38) and Barbara Pepys at Impington. Some sources describe his birth on 27 Sep 1672 however this is inconsistent with his parents marriage on 01 Jan 1673.

On 27 Sep 1739 Robert Stewart 1st Marquess Londonderry was born to Alexander Stewart (age 41) and Mary Cowan.

On 27 Sep 1788 Robert Taylor (age 74) died at his home 34 Spring Gardens. He was buried at St Martin in the Fields [Map].

On 08 Jul 1810 the Bow Street police raided the White Swan on Vere Street in London that had been established as a molly-house in early 1810 by two men, James Cook and Yardley. Twenty-seven men were arrested, but the majority of them were released (perhaps as a result of bribe); eight were tried and convicted. On 27 Sep 1810 six men were pilloried at the Haymarket. On 07 Mar 1811 John Hepburn (46) and Thomas White (16), a drummer boy, were hanged at Newgate Prison, London [Map] despite not being present on the night of the raid.

Section I Tumuli 1843. September 27th, 1843, a barrow, called Ringham Lowe [Map], on Middleton Moor, was reopened. It was first examined by the late Mr. William Bateman in 1821, who found only the fragments of two urns and a piece of charcoal; one of the urns was of fine black ware, the other very coarse and of a grayish colour. The second investigation did not prove much more interesting than the first; the particulars are as follows: in the centre were the remains of a fire which had burnt upon the surface of the ground, before the construction of the mound; there remained pieces of charred wood, either oak or ash, near three inches in diameter. About the same place some more fragments of the above-mentioned urns were found; also numerous chippings of flint; but no bones, either human or animal, were seen. Near the surface of the tumulus a carefully-chipped instrument of flint was picked up, on refilling the excavation.

On 27 Sep 1850 Chandos Leigh 1st Baron Leigh (age 59) died. His son William Henry Leigh 2nd Baron Leigh (age 26) succeeded 2nd Baron Leigh of Stoneleigh in Warwickshire. Caroline Amelia Grosvenor Baroness Leigh (age 22) by marriage Baroness Leigh of Stoneleigh in Warwickshire.

Monument in Church of the Virgin Mary Stoneleigh [Map]. An elaborate Recess in late C19 Gothic style constructed in 1850 for alabaster Table Tomb; unclear as to why the effigy was not installed.

Chandos Leigh 1st Baron Leigh: On 27 Jun 1791 he was born to James Henry Leigh of Adlestrop and Julia Judith Twisleton. Coefficient of inbreeding 1.76%. On 08 Jun 1819 Chandos Leigh 1st Baron Leigh and Margaret Willes were married. In 1839 Chandos Leigh 1st Baron Leigh was created 1st Baron Leigh of Stoneleigh in Warwickshire. Margarette Willes Baroness Leigh by marriage Baroness Leigh of Stoneleigh in Warwickshire.

William Henry Leigh 2nd Baron Leigh: On 17 Jan 1824 he was born to Chandos Leigh 1st Baron Leigh and Margarette Willes Baroness Leigh. He was baptised at St Mary Magdalene's Church, Adlestrop, and for a second time, at Church of the Virgin Mary Stoneleigh on 10 Sep 1824. He was educated at Harrow School then Trinity College, Cambridge University. On 22 Aug 1848 William Henry Leigh 2nd Baron Leigh and Caroline Grosvenor were married. They had eight children. She the daughter of Richard Grosvenor 2nd Marquess Westminster and Elizabeth Mary Leveson-Gower Marchioness Westminster.

Caroline Amelia Grosvenor Baroness Leigh: On 14 Jun 1828 she was born to Richard Grosvenor 2nd Marquess Westminster and Elizabeth Mary Leveson-Gower Marchioness Westminster. She was baptised at St Mary's Church, Eccleston on 28 Jul 828.

On 27 Sep 1850 James Thomson (age 62) died at his house on Albany Street, Regent's Park.

On 27 Sep 1874 Helena aka Ena Wertheimer was born to Asher Ezra Wertheimer (age 30).

After 27 Sep 1915. St John Lee Church, Hexham [Map]. Monument to Captain James Harold Cuthbert (deceased),

On 27 Sep 1922 Constantine I King Greece (age 54) abdicated King Greece. Alexander I King Greece succeeded I King Greece. George II King Hellenes (age 32) succeeded II King Hellenes. Elisabeth Hohenzollern Sigmaringen Queen Consort Greece Queen Consort Hellenes (age 27) by marriage Queen Consort Hellenes.

On 27 Sep 1931 Robert Walpole 5th Earl Orford (age 77) died. Earl Orford extinct. His third cousin twice removed Robert Walpole 9th and 7th Baron Walpole (age 18) succeeded 7th Baron Walpole of Wollerton. Monument in Church of St Andrew, Wickmere [Map] sculpted by Esmond Burton (age 45). The stone brought from St Paul's Island in the Pacific where HMS Magaera, in which the Earl of Orford served as a midshipman, was wrecked in 1871. Armorials include Walpole Arms impaled Barkham Arms. Motto fari quae sentiat. Saracen's Head Crest.

Robert Walpole 5th Earl Orford: On 10 Jul 1854 he was born to Frederick Walpole and Laura Sophia Frances Walpole. On 07 Dec 1894 Horatio Walpole 4th Earl Orford died. His nephew Robert Walpole 5th Earl Orford succeeded 5th Earl Orford, 6th Baron Walpole of Wollerton.

Robert Walpole 9th and 7th Baron Walpole: On 25 Apr 1913 he was born to Lieutenant Horatio Spencer Walpole. In 1989 Robert Walpole 9th and 7th Baron Walpole died. His son Robert Walpole 10th and 8th Baron Walpole succeeded 8th Baron Walpole of Wollerton.

Births on the 27th September

On 27 Sep 1300 Adolph Count Palatine Rhine was born to Rudolf Wittelsbach I Duke Bavaria (age 25).

On 27 Sep 1389 Cosimo de Medici "The Elder" was born to Giovanni di Bicci de Medici (age 29).

On 27 Sep 1563 Thomas Freke was born to Robert Freke of Iwerne Courtney and Alice Swayne.

On 27 Sep 1564 George Vaux was born to William Vaux 3rd Baron Vaux Harrowden (age 29).

Around 1580 Elizabeth Peyton was born to John Peyton 1st Baronet (age 19) and Alice Osborne (age 16).gzfTH8vxOn 27 Sep 1640 Elizabeth Peyton (age 60) died.

On 27 Sep 1585 John Melbury Sampford Strangeways was born to John Melbury Sampford Strangeways (age 37) and Dorothy Thynne (age 34).

On 27 Sep 1601 Louis XIII King France was born to Henry IV King France (age 47) and Marie de Medici Queen Consort France (age 26).

On 27 Sep 1602 Capell Bedell 1st Baronet was born to Thomas Bedell of Hamerton in Huntingdonshire (age 22) and Winifred Capell (age 18).

On 27 Sep 1616 Dorothy Rich was born to Henry Rich 1st Earl Holland (age 26) and Isabel Cope Countess Holland.

On 27 Sep 1670 Thomas Horton Stanley 4th Baronet was born to Edward Stanley 3rd Baronet (age 27) and Elizabeth Bosville (age 25).

After 01 Jan 1673 Roger Gale was born to Thomas Gale (age 38) and Barbara Pepys at Impington. Some sources describe his birth on 27 Sep 1672 however this is inconsistent with his parents marriage on 01 Jan 1673.

On or before 27 Sep 1680 Norton Powlett was born to Francis Powlett of Amport (age 35). He was baptised on 27 Sep 1680.

On 27 Sep 1689 Edward Stanley 11th Earl of Derby was born to Thomas Horton Stanley 4th Baronet (age 19) and Elizabeth Patten (age 19).

On 27 Sep 1696 John St Aubyn 3rd Baronet was born to John St Aubyn 2nd Baronet (age 26) and Mary de la Hay.

On 27 Sep 1727 Anthony Eyre of Grove Park was born to Anthony Eyre of Rampton (age 38).

On 27 Sep 1730 John Manners was born illegitimately to William Manners (age 32) and Corbetta Smyth.

On 27 Sep 1739 Robert Stewart 1st Marquess Londonderry was born to Alexander Stewart (age 41) and Mary Cowan.

On 27 Sep 1742 John Crewe 1st Baron Crewe was born to John Crewe (age 33).

On 27 Sep 1743 Emich Carl Leiningen was born.

On 27 Sep 1747 Sarah Frances Seymour-Conway was born to Francis Seymour-Conway 1st Marquess Hertford (age 29) and Isabella Fitzroy Countess Hertford (age 21). She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 27 Sep 1772 Gordon Drummond was born to Colin Drummond (age 50) in Quebec City.

On 27 Sep 1781 King William I of Württemberg was born to King Frederick Wilhelm Karl Württemberg (age 26) and Augusta Caroline Brunswick Bevern (age 16). He a great x 2 grandson of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 27 Sep 1783 Edward Ellice was born to Alexander Ellice (age 40).

On 27 Sep 1804 Anna McNeill was born to Charles Daniel McNeill (age 48) and Martha Kingsley at Wilmington.

On 27 Sep 1805 William Hervey was born to Frederick William Hervey 1st Marquess of Bristol (age 35) and Elizabeth Albana Upton (age 30).

On 27 Sep 1817 George Samuel Jenkinson 11th Baronet was born to Bishop John Jenkinson (age 36) and Frances Augusta Pechell.

On 27 Sep 1820 Henry William Beresford was born to Admiral John Beresford 1st Baronet (age 54) and Harriet Elizabeth Peirse Lady Beresford.

On 27 Sep 1832 Colonel Charles William Paulet was born to Reverend Charles Paulet (age 30) and Caroline Ramsden.

On 27 Sep 1834 John Percival Bishop was born in Brough Sowerby Kirkby Stephen.

On 27 Sep 1839 Charles Mervyn Doyne was born.

On 27 Sep 1840 Henry Herbert Wombwell 5th Baronet was born to George Wombwell 3rd Baronet (age 48) and Georgiana Hunter.

On 27 Sep 1841 William Sydney Hylton Joliffe was born to William Jolliffe 1st Baron Hylton (age 40) and Eleanor Paget.

On 27 Sep 1845 Sydney Stanhope 6th Earl Harrington was born to Leicester FitzGerald Charles Stanhope 5th Earl of Harrington (age 61) and Elizabeth Green Countess Harrington (age 36).

On 27 Sep 1847 Frederick James Anthony Trollope was born to Anthony Trollope (age 32).

On 27 Sep 1849 George Murray was born to George Edward Murray (age 31).

On 27 Sep 1867 John Alexander Miller 3rd Baronet was born to William Miller 1st Baronet (age 58).

On 27 Sep 1874 Helena aka Ena Wertheimer was born to Asher Ezra Wertheimer (age 30).

On 27 Sep 1905 Ralph Henry Lawson 4th Baronet was born to Henry Joseph Lawson 3rd Baronet (age 27) and Ursula Mary Howard (age 26).

On 27 Sep 1907 Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Edward James Clive Milnes-Coates 3rd Baronet was born to Edward Clive Milnes-Coates 2nd Baronet (age 28) and Celia Hermione Crewe Milnes Lady Milnes-Coates (age 23).

On 27 Sep 1910 Percy Hamilton Seymour 18th Duke of Somerset was born to Evelyn Francis Edward Seymour 17th Duke of Somerset (age 28) and Edith Mary Parker Duchess Somerset (age 29).

Marriages on the 27th September

On 27 Sep 1282 William Stanley and Joan Baumville were married.

On 27 Sep 1350 Bernabò Visconti (age 27) and Beatrice Regina della Scala (age 19) were married.

After 27 Sep 1397 Robert Stewart 1st Lord Lorn (age 15) and Joan Stewart were married. She the daughter of Robert Stewart 1st Duke Albany (age 57) and Margaret Graham Countess Menteith and Fife. They were half fourth cousins. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King John "Lackland" of England.

On 27 Sep 1447 Reginald Grey 7th Baron Grey of Wilton (age 26) and Tacine Beaufort Baroness Grey Wilton (age 4) were married. She by marriage Baroness Grey of Wilton. The difference in their ages was 22 years. She the illegitmate daughter of John Beaufort 1st Duke of Somerset. They were fourth cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry III of England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

Before 27 Sep 1514 Robert Southwell (age 38) and Elizabeth Calthorpe Baroness Cobham (age 26) were married.

On 27 Sep 1574 Philipp Ludwig Count Palatine of Neuburg (age 26) and Anna of Cleves (age 22) were married. She the daughter of William La Marck Duke of Jülich Cleves Berg (age 58) and Maria Habsburg Spain Duchess Cleves (age 43). They were third cousins.

Before 27 Sep 1585 John Melbury Sampford Strangeways (age 37) and Dorothy Thynne (age 34) were married.

On 27 Sep 1688 Robert Shirley (age 15) and Anne Ferrers (age 10) were married. He the son of Robert Shirley 1st Earl Ferrers (age 37) and Elizabeth Washington Baroness Ferrers Chartley.

On 27 Sep 1755 Augustus Ferdinand Hohenzollern (age 25) and Princess Elisabeth Louise Hohenzollern (age 17) were married. He the son of Frederick William "Soldier King" I King Prussia and Sophia Dorothea Hanover Queen Consort Prussia (age 68). They were uncle and niece. He a grandson of King George I of Great Britain and Ireland. She a great granddaughter of King George I of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 27 Sep 1768 Landgrave Frederick V Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg (age 20) and Princess Caroline of Hesse-Darmstadt (age 22) were married.

On 27 Sep 1784 Captain John Stanhope (age 40) and Caroline Dent were married and had issue three sons, Lieutenant-Colonel Philip John Stanhope, Admiral Henry Stanhope and Captain Charles George who served in the army, as well as two daughters.

On 27 Sep 1827 Henry Bourchier Wrey 9th Baronet (age 30) and Ellen Maria Toke (age 26) were married at St James' Church, Piccadilly. They were first cousins.

On 27 Sep 1827 Henry Raymond Arundell (age 28) and Mary Isabel Constable were married.

On 27 Sep 1832 William Tighe Hamilton and Anne Louisa Ponsonby were married. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 27 Sep 1836 Alexander Murray 6th Earl Dunmore (age 32) and Catherine Herbert Countess Dunmore (age 21) were married at Frankfurt. She by marriage Countess Dunmore. She the daughter of George Augustus Herbert 11th Earl Pembroke 8th Earl Montgomery and Yekaterina Semyonovna Vorontsova Countess Pembroke and Montgomery (age 51). He the son of George Murray 5th Earl Dunmore (age 74) and Susan Hamilton Countess Dunmore (age 62).

Before 27 Sep 1850 James Thomson (age 62) and Diana Lloyd were married.

On 27 Sep 1900 Granville Leveson-Gower 3rd Earl Granville (age 28) and Nina Ayesha Baring (age 24) were married. He the son of Granville Leveson-Gower 2nd Earl Granville and Sophia Castila Rosamund Campbell Countess Granville (age 53).

On 27 Sep 1913 William Henry Alfred Fitzroy (age 29) and Auriol Margaretta Brougham were married. He the son of Alfred Fitzroy 8th Duke Grafton (age 63) and Margaret Rose Smith.

On 27 Sep 1937 Major John Hamilton-Russell (age 26) and Joan Elizabeth Mary Cuffe were married. She the daughter of Hamilton John Agmondesham Cuffe 5th Earl of Desart. They were third cousin once removed.

Deaths on the 27th September

On 27 Sep 1162 Odo II Duke Burgundy (age 44) died. His son Hugh III Duke Burgundy (age 20) succeeded III Duke Burgundy.

On 27 Sep 1194 Renaud Courtenay (age 69) died.

On 27 Sep 1249 Raymond Rouerge VII Count Toulose (age 52) died.

Before 27 Sep 1287 John Lovell (age 65) died at Thrapston, Northamptonshire [Map].

On 27 Sep 1404 Bishop William of Wykeham (age 84) died at Bishop's Waltham [Map]. He was buried in a chantry chapel on the south side of Winchester Cathedral [Map].

On 27 Sep 1433 Joan Valois Duchess Brittany (age 42) died.

On 27 Sep 1510 Edward Redman Lord Harewood (age 55) died. All Saints Church Harewood [Map]. Monument to Edward Redman Lord Harewood (age 55) and Elizabeth Huddlestone Baroness Harewood (age 60). Fluted Period. Esses and Roses Collar. Dogs Head Crest. She wearing a simple headdress with veil falling low on the shoulders. The carving somewhat reminiscent of Alice Chaucer's. Monument in Ewelme [Map], Oxfordshire. Angels Supporting Pillow. Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields. Chest with Weepers.

Elizabeth Huddlestone Baroness Harewood: Edward Redman Lord Harewood and she were married. In 1450 she was born to John Huddlestone 7th Lord Millom and Mary Fenwick Lady Millom. Around 1483 William Redman Lord Harewood died. He was buried at Levens, Heversham. His brother Edward Redman Lord Harewood succeeded Lord Harewood. She by marriage Lord Harewood. On 31 May 1526 Elizabeth Huddlestone Baroness Harewood died.

On 27 Sep 1514 Richard Southwell (age 85) died at Everton, Lancashire.

On 27 Sep 1514 Robert Southwell (age 38) died.

On 27 Sep 1547 Eleanor Brandon Countess Cumberland (age 28) died.

On 27 Sep 1549 Anne Croft (age 91) died.

On 27 Sep 1571 William Gerard died.

On 27 Sep 1571 William Garrard (age 64) died. He was buried at St Magnus the Martyr Church [Map].

On 27 Sep 1573 Mary Fermor (age 40) died.

On 27 Sep 1584 or 15 Oct 1584 Bishop Thomas Watson (age 69) died at Wisbech Castle [Map] having been confined for the previous twenty-five years.

Before 27 Sep 1600 Francis Foljambe died.

In 27 Sep 1626 Elizabeth Hicks Lady Armine (age 28) died.

Before 27 Sep 1633 Richard Bulkeley (age 23) died. He was buried at Cheadle [Map].

On 27 Sep 1652 Sophie Hedwig Oldenburg (age 21) died.

On 27 Sep 1654 Louis Guise Duke Joyeux and Angoulême (age 32) died.

On 14 Sep 1659 Anne Bayning Countess of Oxford (age 22) died. She was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map] on 27 Sep 1659.

On 27 Sep 1660 Hervey Bagot 1st Baronet (age 69) died at Field Hall, Rugeley. His son Edward Bagot 2nd Baronet (age 44) succeeded 2nd Baronet Bagot of Blithfield Hall.

On 27 Sep 1663 Philip Oldenburg (age 79) died.

On 27 Sep 1667 John Clifton of Fairsnape (age 37) died.

On 27 Sep 1667 Elizabeth Mills Lady Coryton died. She was buried at Colebrooke Church, where her mural monument with Corinthian columns and scrollwork pediment survives.

On 27 Sep 1669 Matthew Babington (age 57) died.

On 27 Sep 1692 Abigail Pitt Baroness Stawell died.

On 27 Sep 1693 Lionel Copley (age 45) died at Annapolis, Maryland. He was buried at Trinity Church Cemetery, St Mary's City.

On 27 Sep 1702 Robert Foley (age 51) died.

On 27 Sep 1708 Ann Crew Lady Wright died.

On 27 Sep 1722 Samuel Edwin (age 51) died.

On 27 Sep 1724 Elizabeth Langley (age 62) died.

On 27 Sep 1727 Joseph Banks of Revesby Abbey, Lincolnshire (age 62) died.

On 27 Sep 1735 Diana Spencer Duchess Bedford (age 25) died at Southampton House.

On 27 Sep 1738 Thomas Stradling 6th Baronet (age 28) died unmarried. Baronet Stradling of St Donats in Glamorganshire extinct.

"The estate of St. Donats Castle was bequeathed to the Drakes of Shardeloes, and is now [1838] possessed by Thomas Tyrwhitt Drake, Esq.; Merthymawr and Monknash passed to Hugh Bowen, Esq., and Penlline Lampey and Cwm Hawey to Bussey Mansel, Esq." [Burke's Extinct Baronetcies.] Jane, the great aunt of the last Baronet (da. of the 3d Bart.), had m. George Bowen, of Kettlehill, co. Glamorgan, and Dame Catharine Mansel, widow of the 3d Bart., had m. Bussey Mansel. The disposition of the property in the will gave rise to a Chancery suit, which lasted sixty years from 1738, at the close of which, the valuable library, furniture, etc., of St. Donats Castle were sold. [N. & Q., 3d S., xi, 153.]

On 27 Sep 1747 George Darcy (age 2) died.

On 27 Sep 1753 John Anstruther 1st Baronet (age 75) died. His son John Anstruther 2nd Baronet (age 34) succeeded 2nd Baronet Anstruther. Janet "Queen of the Gypsies" Fall by marriage Lady Anstruther.

On 27 Sep 1759 Isaac Maddox Bishop (age 62) died. He is buried in the South Transept of Worcester Cathedral [Map].

On 27 Sep 1760 Maria Amalia of Saxony Queen Consort Spain (age 35) died.

On 27 Sep 1788 Augusta Caroline Brunswick Bevern (age 23) died.

On 27 Sep 1788 Robert Taylor (age 74) died at his home 34 Spring Gardens. He was buried at St Martin in the Fields [Map].

On 27 Sep 1811 Elizabeth Shakerley died.

On 27 Sep 1815 Michael Hicks-Beach (age 34) died.

On 27 Sep 1827 Reverend George Lee 6th Baronet (age 60) died. Baronet Lee of Hartwell in Buckinghamshire extinct.

On 27 Sep 1834 Margaret O'Reilly Baroness Talbot of Malahide died.

On 27 Sep 1845 John Mordaunt 9th Baronet (age 37) died. On 27 Sep 1845 His son Charles Mordaunt 10th Baronet (age 9) succeeded 10th Baronet Mordaunt of Massingham Parva.

On 27 Sep 1850 Chandos Leigh 1st Baron Leigh (age 59) died. His son William Henry Leigh 2nd Baron Leigh (age 26) succeeded 2nd Baron Leigh of Stoneleigh in Warwickshire. Caroline Amelia Grosvenor Baroness Leigh (age 22) by marriage Baroness Leigh of Stoneleigh in Warwickshire.

Monument in Church of the Virgin Mary Stoneleigh [Map]. An elaborate Recess in late C19 Gothic style constructed in 1850 for alabaster Table Tomb; unclear as to why the effigy was not installed.

Chandos Leigh 1st Baron Leigh: On 27 Jun 1791 he was born to James Henry Leigh of Adlestrop and Julia Judith Twisleton. Coefficient of inbreeding 1.76%. On 08 Jun 1819 Chandos Leigh 1st Baron Leigh and Margaret Willes were married. In 1839 Chandos Leigh 1st Baron Leigh was created 1st Baron Leigh of Stoneleigh in Warwickshire. Margarette Willes Baroness Leigh by marriage Baroness Leigh of Stoneleigh in Warwickshire.

William Henry Leigh 2nd Baron Leigh: On 17 Jan 1824 he was born to Chandos Leigh 1st Baron Leigh and Margarette Willes Baroness Leigh. He was baptised at St Mary Magdalene's Church, Adlestrop, and for a second time, at Church of the Virgin Mary Stoneleigh on 10 Sep 1824. He was educated at Harrow School then Trinity College, Cambridge University. On 22 Aug 1848 William Henry Leigh 2nd Baron Leigh and Caroline Grosvenor were married. They had eight children. She the daughter of Richard Grosvenor 2nd Marquess Westminster and Elizabeth Mary Leveson-Gower Marchioness Westminster.

Caroline Amelia Grosvenor Baroness Leigh: On 14 Jun 1828 she was born to Richard Grosvenor 2nd Marquess Westminster and Elizabeth Mary Leveson-Gower Marchioness Westminster. She was baptised at St Mary's Church, Eccleston on 28 Jul 828.

On 27 Sep 1850 James Thomson (age 62) died at his house on Albany Street, Regent's Park.

On 27 Sep 1868 Alexandre Florian Joseph Count Colonna-Walewski (age 58) died.

On 27 Sep 1876 William Gooch (age 78) died.

On 27 Sep 1886 Mary Walker (age 81) died.

On 27 Sep 1900 Maria Georgiana Grenfell died.

On 27 Sep 1903 Charles Gordon-Lennox 6th Duke Richmond (age 85) died. His son Charles Gordon-Lennox 7th Duke Richmond (age 57) succeeded 7th Duke Richmond, 2nd Duke Gordon, 7th Earl March, 7th Baron Settrington. Isabel Sophie Craven Duchess Richmond by marriage Duchess Richmond, Duchess Gordon.

On 27 Sep 1908 Gerald Valerian Wilson (age 23) died.

On 27 Sep 1915 Fergus Bowes-Lyon (age 26) died.

On 27 Sep 1915 Captain James Harold Cuthbert (age 39) was killed in action.

On 27 Sep 1923 Major Charles Beague St John-Mildmay (age 62) died.

On 27 Sep 1931 Robert Walpole 5th Earl Orford (age 77) died. Earl Orford extinct. His third cousin twice removed Robert Walpole 9th and 7th Baron Walpole (age 18) succeeded 7th Baron Walpole of Wollerton. Monument in Church of St Andrew, Wickmere [Map] sculpted by Esmond Burton (age 45). The stone brought from St Paul's Island in the Pacific where HMS Magaera, in which the Earl of Orford served as a midshipman, was wrecked in 1871. Armorials include Walpole Arms impaled Barkham Arms. Motto fari quae sentiat. Saracen's Head Crest.

Robert Walpole 5th Earl Orford: On 10 Jul 1854 he was born to Frederick Walpole and Laura Sophia Frances Walpole. On 07 Dec 1894 Horatio Walpole 4th Earl Orford died. His nephew Robert Walpole 5th Earl Orford succeeded 5th Earl Orford, 6th Baron Walpole of Wollerton.

Robert Walpole 9th and 7th Baron Walpole: On 25 Apr 1913 he was born to Lieutenant Horatio Spencer Walpole. In 1989 Robert Walpole 9th and 7th Baron Walpole died. His son Robert Walpole 10th and 8th Baron Walpole succeeded 8th Baron Walpole of Wollerton.

On 27 Sep 1935 Lionel George William Guest (age 54) died.

On 27 Sep 1936 Olive Christiana Lupton (age 55) died.

On 27 Sep 1943 Harold Mccorquodale (age 78) died.

On 27 Sep 1943 Ellis Hicks-Beach (age 69) died.

On 27 Sep 1969 Magdalen Mary Charlotte Fraser Countess Eldon (age 56) died.

On 27 Sep 1982 Mary Lygon (age 72) died.