On this Day in History ... 29 July

29 Jul is in July.

796 Death of King Offa

1399 Execution of Richard II's Favourites

1418 Siege of Rouen

1476 Reburial of Richard and Edmund of York

1641 Jul 1641 Creation of Baronets

1666 St James' Day Battle

1666 Great Plague of London

796 Death of King Offa

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 796. This year died Pope Adrian; and also Offa, King of Mercia, on the fourth day before the ides of August, after he had reigned forty winters.

On 29 Jul 796 King Offa of Mercia died. His son King Ecgfrith of Mercia succeeded King Mercia.

On 29 Jul 1030 King Olaf II of Norway (age 35) was killed by his own people.

On 29 Jul 1102 Albert Namur III Count Namur (age 75) died. His son Godfrey Namur I Count Namur (age 34) succeeded I Count Namur.

On 29 Jul 1166 Henry Blois II Count Champagne was born to Henry Blois I Count Champagne (age 38) and Marie Capet Countess Champagne (age 21). He a great x 2 grandson of King William "Conqueror" I of England.

On 29 Jul 1328 Gerhard Jülich V Count Jülich (age 78) died. His son William Jülich V Duke Jülich (age 29) succeeded V Count Jülich.

Before 29 Jul 1349 Gerard Lisle 1st Baron Lisle (age 45) and Elizabeth Strange Baroness St John Basing were married. There appears to be some confusion here as to whether Gerard Lisle 1st Baron Lisle (age 45) married Elizabeth Strange Baroness St John Basing daughter of John Strange 2nd Baron Strange Blackmere (deceased) and Ankaret Boteler Baroness Strange Blackmere (age 40), or Elizabeth Strange (age 51) daughter of John Strange 2nd Baron Strange Knockin and Isolde Chaworth Baroness Strange Knockin. The dates would suggest the former. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King John "Lackland" of England.

On 29 Jul 1356 Martin I King Aragon was born to Peter IV King Aragon (age 36) and Eleanor Barcelona Queen Consort Aragon. Coefficient of inbreeding 2.45%.

Execution of Richard II's Favourites

On 29 Jul 1399 William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire (age 49), Henry Green (age 52) and John Bussy were beheaded at Bristol Castle, Gloucestershire [Map]. Earl Wiltshire forfeit.

Siege of Rouen

On 29 Jul 1418 the English forces commenced the Siege of Rouen with the city being taken on 19 Jan 1419. Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby (age 33) fought. John Blount (age 30) died. William Harrington (age 45), the King's Standard Bearer, was wounded.

Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford (age 40) fought.

Henry Beaufort 2nd Earl Somerset (age 17) was killed. His brother John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset (age 15) succeeded 3rd Earl Somerset 2C 1397.

Reburial of Richard and Edmund of York

On 29 Jul 1476 Edward I's paternal grand-father Edward of York, Richard of York and and his younger brother Edmund were reburied at St Mary and All Saints in Fotheringhay [Map] in a ceremony attended by King Edward IV of England (age 34), George York 1st Duke of Clarence (age 26), Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset (age 21), William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings (age 45), Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers (age 36).

After 29 Jul 1509. St Mary the Virgin Church, Chipping Norton [Map]. Monument to Richard "The Elder" Croft and Eleanor Cornwall (age 81). Finely made in alabaster. Fluted Period. Two complete effigies,still Gothic in line and detail, on a crocketed niched chest with angels and shields. Chunky Lions Mane. Chest with Weepers. Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields. Gabled Headress with Lappets.

Richard "The Elder" Croft: He was born to William Croft in Croft Castle. Before 1458 Richard "The Elder" Croft and Agnes or Annes Fox were married. In or before 1470 Richard "The Elder" Croft and Eleanor Cornwall (age 41) were married. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. On 29 Jul 1509 he died in Croft Castle.

Eleanor Cornwall: In 1428 she was born to Edmund Cornwall (age 46) and Elizabeth Barre at Burford. Around 1454 Hugh Mortimer (age 25) and Eleanor Cornwall (age 26) were married. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. On 23 Dec 1519 Eleanor Cornwall (age 91) died at Yarpole.

On 29 Jul 1523 William Blount 4th Baron Mountjoy (age 45) and Dorothy Grey Baroness Mountjoy Baroness Willoughby Broke Baroness Latimer (age 43) were married. She by marriage Baroness Mountjoy. She the daughter of Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset and Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset (age 63). She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

Chronicle of Queen Jane and Two Years of Queen Mary 1553. 29 Jul 1553. "The lady Elizabethes (age 19) grace came the 29. of July to Somerset place, well accompanyed with gentlemen, and others, righte strongly, and theare she rested a nighte, and the morowe ensuinge she went throwghe Cheapside to meete the queenes grace to London-wardes, who is loked for the 3. or 4. of Auguste.

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Henry Machyn's Diary. 29 Jul 1557. The sam day began the herse at Westmynster for my lade Anne of Cleyff (deceased), with carpynters worke of vij prensepalles, as goodly a hers as ....


On 29 Jul 1558 Henry Sacheverell (age 32) died at Ratcliffe on Soar [Map]. He was buried at Holy Trinity Church Ratcliffe on Soar [Map].

On 10 Feb 1554 Lucie Pole (age 26) died.

She wearing a puffed sleeve gown with triple chain with French Hood. His head on a great helm with Goat Crest. Possibly Richard Parker of Burton on Trent with Dogs chewing at her dress.

Henry Sacheverell: In 1526 he was born to Ralph Sacheverell (age 20) and Cecilia Durance (age 18) at Ratcliffe on Soar. Before 1547 Henry Sacheverell (age 21) and Lucie Pole (age 18) were married.

Lucie Pole: In 1528 she was born to John Pole of Hartington (age 18).

Henry Machyn's Diary. 29 Jul 1560. The xxix day of July the Quen('s) (age 26) grace removyd from Grenwyche [Map] on her grace('s) progresse, and at Lambeth [Map] she dynyd with my lord of Canturbere (age 55) and her consell; and after [took her] gorney towhard Rychmond [Map], and her grace lay ther v [5] days; and after to Ottland [Map], and ther So[nday and] Monday dener, and to Suttun to soper.

On 29 Jul 1565 Henry "Lord Darnley" Stewart (age 19) and Mary Queen of Scots (age 22) were married at Holyrood Palace, Holyrood. She the daughter of King James V of Scotland and Mary of Guise Queen Consort Scotland. He the son of Matthew Stewart 4th Earl Lennox (age 48) and Margaret Douglas Countess Lennox (age 49). They were half first cousins. He a great grandson of King Henry VII of England and Ireland. She a great granddaughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

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On 29 Jul 1623 Anne Wentworth 7th Baroness Wentworth Baroness Lovelace was born to Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Cleveland (age 32) and Anne Crofts Countess Cleveland.

On 29 Jul 1629 Paul Bayning 1st Viscount Bayning (age 41) died at Mark Lane [Map]. His son Paul Bayning 2nd Viscount Bayning (age 13) succeeded 2nd Viscount Bayning 1C 1628.

Jul 1641 Creation of Baronets

On 29 Jul 1643 Henri Jules Bourbon Condé Prince Condé was born to Louis "Le Grand Condé" Bourbon Condé II Prince Condé (age 21) and Claire Clémence Maillé Brézé Princess Condé.

Great Plague of London

Evelyn's Diary. 29 Jul 1666. The pestilence now fresh increasing in our parish, I forbore going to church. In the afternoon came tidings of our victory over the Dutch, sinking some, and driving others aground, and into their ports.

St James' Day Battle

Pepy's Diary. 29 Jul 1666. Lord's Day. Up and all the morning in my chamber making up my accounts in my book with my father and brother and stating them. Towards noon before sermon was done at church comes newes by a letter to Sir W. Batten (age 65), to my hand, of the late fight, which I sent to his house, he at church. But, Lord! with what impatience I staid till sermon was done, to know the issue of the fight, with a thousand hopes and fears and thoughts about the consequences of either. At last sermon is done and he come home, and the bells immediately rung soon as the church was done. But coming; to Sir W. Batten (age 65) to know the newes, his letter said nothing of it; but all the towne is full of a victory.

Before 29 Jul 1682 Jenico Preston 7th Viscount Gormanston (age 52) and Frances Leke were married. She the daughter of Francis Leke 1st Earl Scarsdale and Anne Carey Lady Leke.

On 29 Jul 1736 Andrew Archer 2nd Baron Archer was born to Thomas Archer 1st Baron Archer (age 41) and Catherine Tipping Baroness Archer.

On 29 Jul 1765 Edward Stratford 2nd Earl Aldborough (age 29) and Barbara Herbert Countess Aldborough were married. He the son of John Stratford 1st Earl Aldborough (age 66).


On 29 Jul 1791 Thomas Stapleton 12th Baron Despencer (age 24) and Elizabeth Eliot Baroness Despencer (age 33) were married. She by marriage Baroness Despencer.

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After 29 Jul 1816. Church of the Holy Cross Ilam [Map]. Monument to David Pike Watts (deceased). Sculpted by Francis Leggatt Chantrey (age 35).

David Pike Watts: On 29 Jan 1754 he was born. In 1809 David Pike Watts (age 54) purchased Ilam Hall, Staffordshire from the Port family. On 29 Jul 1816 David Pike Watts (age 62) died. His daughter Mary Watts (age 24) and her husband Jesse Watts-Russell (age 30) inherited Ilam Hall, Staffordshire.

On 29 Jul 1829 Charles Wood 1st Viscount Halifax (age 28) and Mary Grey Viscountess Halifax (age 22) were married . She the daughter of Charles Grey 2nd Earl Grey (age 65) and Mary Elizabeth Ponsonby Countess Grey (age 53).

On 29 Jul 1843 William John Butler (age 25) and Emma Barnett were married.

Thomas Bateman 1846. On the 29th of July, 1846, was examined a large tumulus at Castern [Note. Castern Barrow [Map] has no tumulus marked near it on the OS Map?], near Wetton, Staffordshire, distant about a quarter of a mile from that opened near Castern [Map] on the 14th of June, 1845 (on which occasion the one under notice first attracted attention); it was composed principally of a very solid kind of soil, intermixed with clay, amongst which were dispersed many chippings of flint, as well as others of a more determinate form; also a few animal bones, such as fragments of deer's horns, teeth of horses, &c. Towards the centre the stiff earth did not prevail so much, that part of the mound being constructed of loose stones, which were found to continue below the natural surface, to the depth of four feet, making an entire depth of eight feet from the summit of the barrow; at this depth lay the original and most important interment, in a square cist cut out of the primitive rock; the skeleton lay upon its left side, on a thin bed of very tenacious blue clay, with the knees contracted, accompanied by the most elegant and elaborately ornamented drinking-cup, or vase, hitherto discovered and one small instrument of calcined flint; the vase was placed in an upright position about a foot in the rear of the skull, and exhibited signs of having been two thirds full of some substance, or rather liquid, at the time of being buried, an incrustation having formed inside, at about one third of its depth from the mouth. The skeleton was that of an individual rather above the common size, the large bones of the thigh measuring in length nineteen inches and a half, and all the bones having the ridges and other points of muscular attachment remarkably well developed. At a short distance from the centre of the barrow there was every appearance of the remains of a fire which had been made upon a flat stone, surrounded by others, the edges of which were calcined until they were converted into lime. Can this be the place where the drinking-cup was baked? - there were certainly no calcined bones to be seen. Another body was found in a similar position to the foregoing, within six inches of the summit of the tumulus; it owed its preservation mainly to a large flat stone which was placed over it, and which was literally destitute of turf, and exposed to the observation of any person walking over the barrow. Neither urn nor weapon accompanied this interment.


On 29 Jul 1893 Rowland George Winn 3rd Baron St Oswald was born to Rowland Winn 2nd Baron St Oswald (age 35) and Mabel Susan Forbes Baroness Winn.

On 29 Jul 1904 Robert Cecil Byng 7th Earl of Strafford was born to Ivo Francis Byng (age 30).

On 29 Jul 1912 Oswald Phipps 4th Marquess Normanby was born to Constantine Phipps 3rd Marquess Normanby (age 65) and Gertrude Stansfeld Foster Marchioness Normanby. He was educated at Eton College [Map] and Christ Church College, Oxford University.

Mildred Coke Countess Lichfield: In 1854 she was born to Thomas Coke 2nd Earl of Leicester (age 31) and Juliana Whitbread Countess Leicester (age 28). On 05 Nov 1878 Thomas Francis Anson 3rd Earl Lichfield (age 22) and Mildred Coke Countess Lichfield (age 24) were married at St Withburga's Church, Holkham. She the daughter of Thomas Coke 2nd Earl of Leicester (age 55) and Juliana Whitbread Countess Leicester. He the son of Thomas George Anson 2nd Earl Lichfield (age 53) and Harriet Georgiana Louisa Hamilton Countess Lichfield (age 44). They were half first cousin twice removed. He a great x 5 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland. On 07 Jan 1892 Thomas George Anson 2nd Earl Lichfield (age 66) died. His son Thomas Francis Anson 3rd Earl Lichfield (age 36) succeeded 3rd Earl Lichfield 3C 1831, 4th Viscount Anson of Shugborough and Orgrave and 4th Baron Soberton of Soberton in Hampshire. Mildred Coke Countess Lichfield (age 38) by marriage Countess Lichfield. On 12 May 1941 Mildred Coke Countess Lichfield (age 87) died. She was buried at St Stephen's Church, Great Heywood.

On 29 Jul 1925 Matthew White Ridley 4th Viscount Ridley was born to Matthew White Ridley 3rd Viscount Ridley (age 22) and Ursula Lutyens.

On 29 Jul 1981 King Charles III (age 32) and Diana Spencer Princess Wales (age 20) were married at St Paul's Cathedral [Map]. She by marriage Princess of Wales. She the daughter of John Spencer 8th Earl Spencer (age 57) and Frances Ruth Roche Countess Spencer (age 45). He the son of Philip Mountbatten Duke Edinburgh (age 60) and Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom (age 55).

On 29 Jul 1992 William Mathias (age 57) died. He was buried at St Asaph Cathedral.

William Mathias: On 01 Nov 1934 he was born.

On 29 Jul 2001 Richard William Orde-Powlett 7th Baron Bolton (age 72) died.