On this Day in History ... 31st August

31 Aug is in August.

1422 Death of Henry V

1517 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

1528 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

1660 August Creation of Baronets

1660 Convention Parliament

1665 Great Plague of London

Events on the 31st August

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 651. This year King Oswin was slain, on the twentieth day of August; and within twelve nights afterwards died Bishop Aidan, on the thirty-first of August.

Bede. Bertwald  succeeded Theodore in the archbishopric, being abbot of the monastery called Racuulfe [Map], which stands at the northern mouth of the river Genlade. He was a man learned in the Scriptures, and perfectly instructed in ecclesiastical and monastic teaching, yet in no wise to be compared to his predecessor. He was chosen bishop in the year of our Lord 692, on the first day of July, when Wictred (age 23) and Suaebhard were kings in Kent; but he was ordained the next year, on Sunday the 29th of June, by Godwin, metropolitan bishop of Gaul, and was enthroned on Sunday the 31st of August. Among the many bishops whom he ordained was Tobias, a man instructed in the Latin, Greek, and Saxon tongues, and otherwise of manifold learning, whom he consecrated in the stead of Gedmund, bishop of the Church of Rochester, who had died.

On 31 Aug 1158 Sancho III King Castile (age 24) died. His son Alfonso VIII King Castile (age 2) succeeded VIII King Castile.

On 31 Aug 1217 Berengaria Ivrea I Queen Castile (age 38) Abdicated I King Castile. On 31 Aug 1217 Her son Ferdinand III King Castile III King Leon (age 18) succeeded III King Castile.

On 31 Aug 1281 Eric II King Norway (age 13) and Margaret Dunkeld Queen Consort Norway (age 20) were married at Bergen. She the daughter of Alexander III King Scotland (age 39) and Margaret Queen of Scotland. He the son of King Magnus VI of Norway and Queen Ingeborg of Norway (age 37). She a granddaughter of King Henry III of England.

Betwee 31 Aug 1304 or 01 Sep 1304 to 06 Sep 1304 King Edward I (age 65) stayed at Horton Castle [Map].

After 31 Aug 1401. St Chad's Church, Longford [Map]. Monument to Nicholas III Longford (deceased). Lancastrian Esses Collar. Camail and Jupon Period. Curious helm crest which at first sight appears to be surmounted with three mushrooms but on closer inspection is a Feathered Crest; the Longford Crest.

On 31 Aug 1422 King Henry V of England (age 36) died at Château de Vincennes, Vincennes possibly from dysentery, possibly from heatstroke. John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley (age 21) brought the body back to England. His son King Henry VI of England and II of France succeeded VI King England.

Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter (age 45) was appointed Governor to King Henry VI of England and II of France.

Letters and Papers 1517. 31 Aug 1517. R.O. 3657. The BP. OF WORCESTER to WOLSEY.

The Pope and cardinals have heard with great grief of the sweating sickness in England, and are glad to hear that the King and Wolsey have escaped the danger. Much laments the death of Andrew Ammonius, who was the King's faithful servant and the ornament of the Latin tongue. He had no fellow. The Pope would be glad to see the writer installed in the vacant place of collector in the same way as held by Hadrian, considering the same has been held by the family of De Gigli, and especially by John de Gigli, his uncle. Has accepted the office with pleasure, believing it would be agreeable to the King. Begs he may have the King's patent for it. Has fixed upon a person to execute the duty of collector there, who, he hopes, will be agreeable. Recommends highly Peter Vannes, Ammonius' cousin, a man of good family and education, who served under Ammonius for four years. Rome, 31 Aug. 1517. Signed.

Lat., pp. 5. Add.

Letters and Papers 1528. 31 Aug 1528. R. O. 4679. Clerk and Tayler to Wolsey.

Yesterday Francis sent us word of the death of Lautrec, and wishes us to be at court today, to prevent the inconveniences that are likely to follow. Spoke with him after dinner, with the ambassadors of Venice, Milan and Florence. His Majesty told us he had heard from the Marquis of Saluce that Lautrec died of the plague, after 24 hours' sickness. Francis greatly regrets his loss. He has ordered his captains to pay obedience to Saluce, who thinks he shall be able to take Naples. In that town there are not more than 5,000 or 6,000 foot and 300 horse, and in Lautrec's camp 10,000 foot and no horse. When we marvelled, he assured us there were not 80 horses in the camp. Francis also assured us that St. Poull should march forwards to Naples, as if that should keep Naples from rebellion. Their affairs are in some disorder. He has written to the Florentines for reinforcements, and sent Morette with ships from Marseilles. The French army in Normandy has been much beaten by weather, and he reckons it of little account. At this time of the year he thinks that Andrea Doria can do little hurt. The Venetians wish to detain part of St. Poull's army. No resolution was come to at their conference. St. Germain's, 31 Aug. Signed.

P.S. in Clerk's hand.—The Cardinal leaves Lyons today or tomorrow. "I have borrowed for him of the Pope's legate a fair well-trimmed and furnished mule, and four carriage mules; the which, with 20 horses of mine own, and four carriage mules also of mine own, and 10 horses of the Master of the Rolls, I shall send forwards tomorrow towards Orleans." St. Germain's, 31 Aug.

On 31 Aug 1565 George Vernon "King of the Peak" (age 57) died. He was buried at All Saint's Church, Bakewell, Derbyshire [Map]. By his will of 18 Aug 1565 he bequeathed six Derbyshire manors and two in Staffordshire to his wife for life. His executors were to take the profits of his manor of Kibblestone, in Staffordshire, and two Cheshire manors for 16 years after his decease to pay his debts, funeral expenses and the fulfilment of his will, which included among numerous bequests the provision of one gold chain worth £20 to his godson, Gilbert Talbot (age 12), the future 6th Earl of Shrewsbury, 'as a remembrance of my good will towards him'. His wife, his son-in-law John Manners (age 38), his brother-in-law Nicholas Longford (age 33) and his 'loving neighbours and faithful friends Thomas Sutton and Richard Wennesley were each to receive £20 for their services as executors, while his 'right worshipful friends' (Sir) John Zouche II and Francis Leke (age 55) were each to have a horse.

Monument with both his wives Margaret Tailboys and Maud aka Magdelan Longford each wearing a French Hood. Man with Two Wives.

On the left the arms of his second wife Margaret Tailboys, middle the arms of George Vernon "King of the Peak" (age 57) and right the arms of his first wife Maud aka Magdelan Longford.

On 31 Aug 1568 Humphrey Llwyd aka Lluyd (age 41) died. He was buried at St Marcella's Church, Denbigh [Map]. Victorian Monument to Humphrey Llwyd 1527-1568. Prie-Dieu.

In Aug 1660 King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 30) rewarded those who supported his Restoration by awarding them Baronetcies ...

On 02 Aug 1660 Hugh Smithson 1st Baronet (age 62) was created 1st Baronet Smithson of Stanwick in Yorkshire.

On 10 Aug 1660 Peter Leicester 1st Baronet (age 46) was created 1st Baronet Leicester of Tabley in Cheshire. Elizabeth Gerard Lady Leicester by marriage Lady Leicester of Tabley in Cheshire.

On 11 Aug 1660 William wheler 1st Baronet 1611 1666 (age 49) was created 1st Baronet Wheler of the City of Westminster with a special remainder failing the heirs male of his body, "to Charles Wheeler (age 40) [rectius Wheler], cosin to the said Sir William and the heires males of the body of the said Sir Charles."

On 16 Aug 1660 Thomas Lee 1st Baronet (age 25) was created 1st Baronet Lee of Hartwell in Buckinghamshire.

On 16 Aug 1660 John Newton 1st Baronet (age 49) was created 1st Baronet Newton of Barrs Court.

On 16 Aug 1660 Thomas Smith 1st Baronet (age 38) was created 1st Baronet Smith of Hatherton in Cheshire.

On 31 Aug 1660 John Drake 1st Baronet (age 35) was created 1st Baronet Drake of Ashe in Devon. Dionise Strode Lady Drake by marriage Lady Drake of Ashe in Devon.

Before 31 Aug 1660 John Drake 1st Baronet (age 35) was elected MP Bridport during the Convention Parliament.

Pepy's Diary. 31 Aug 1665. Up and, after putting several things in order to my removal, to Woolwich, Kent [Map]; the plague having a great encrease this week, beyond all expectation of almost 2,000, making the general Bill 7,000, odd 100; and the plague above 6,000.

Evelyn's Diary. 31 Aug 1679. After evening service, to see a neighbor, one Mr. Bohun, related to my son's (age 24) late tutor of that name, a rich Spanish merchant, living in a neat place, which he has adorned with many curiosities, especially several carvings of Mr. Gibbons (age 31), and some pictures by Streeter.

After 31 Aug 1687 Monument to Richard Legh (deceased) and Elizabeth Chicheley. Unsigned; possibly sculpted by Grinling Gibbons (age 39). St Oswald's Church, Winwick.

Richard Legh: On 07 May 1634 he was born to Reverend Thomas Legh. On or after 31 Dec 1660 Richard Legh and Elizabeth Chicheley were married. In Mar 1679 Andrew Fountaine was elected MP Newton. His wife's brother-in-law Richard Legh controlled the Newton constituency and paid for his election expenses. On 31 Aug 1687 Richard Legh died.

Elizabeth Chicheley: She was born to Thomas Chicheley of Wimpole and Sarah Russell. In 1728 she died.

On 31 Aug 1702 Louis Francois Roubiliac was born in Lyon, France [Map].

On 31 Aug 1724 Louis I King Spain (age 17) died of smallpox. He was buried at the El Escorial Palace. Philippe V King Spain (age 40) returned to the Spanish throne.

On 20 Apr 1759 Thomas William Coke 1st Earl of Leicester (age 61) died. Earl of Leicester and Baron Lovel of Minster Lovell extinct. Wenman Roberts aka Coke (age 42) inherited his estates.

On 31 Aug 1753 Edward Coke (age 34) died.

Monument in Church of St Mary the Virgin, Tittleshall [Map] commissioned by wife and mother Margaret Tufton Countess Leicester (age 58). Erected in 1760. Sculpted by Charles Atkinson. Gadrooned sarcophagus on pedestal with a carved and painted achievement above surrounded by extravagant mantling. Flanked by pair of composite columns supporting a dentilated pediment. Carved bust figures to the sides of the Earl and Countess by Louis Francois Roubiliac (age 56).

Edward Coke: On 02 Feb 1719 he was born to Thomas William Coke 1st Earl of Leicester and Margaret Tufton Countess Leicester. On 01 Apr 1747 Edward Coke and Mary Campbell were married. She the daughter of John Campbell 2nd Duke Argyll. He the son of Thomas William Coke 1st Earl of Leicester and Margaret Tufton Countess Leicester.

On 31 Aug 1772 William Borlase (age 76) died.

On 31 Aug 1774 Charles Turner was born in Woodstock, Oxfordshire [Map].

The Peak Forest Tramway was an early horse- and gravity-powered industrial railway (or tramway) system in Derbyshire, England. Opened for trade on 31 August 1796, it remained in operation until the 1920s.

The sleepers for the tramway are reported to have been sourced from the nearby Bull Ring Henge [Map] although the source of this information is unknown?

On 31 Aug 1819 Edouard Dubufe was born.

On 31 Aug 1945 William Acton (age 39) died.

On 31 Aug 1997 Diana Spencer Princess Wales (age 36) died at Pitié-Salpetrière Hospital. She was buried at Althorp House, Northamptonshire [Map].

Births on the 31st August

On 31 Aug 1426 John St John was born to Oliver St John (age 26) and Margaret Beauchamp Duchess Somerset (age 16) at Bletsoe.

On 31 Aug 1558 James Calthorpe was born to Christopher Calthorpe (age 23).

Before 31 Aug 1589 George Bathurst was born.

On 31 Aug 1602 Amalia Solms Braunfels Princess Orange was born.

On 31 Aug 1606 Agnes Hohenzollern was born to John Sigismund Hohenzollern (age 33) and Anna Hohenzollern (age 30).

On 31 Aug 1647 Mary Scott 3rd Countess Buccleuch was born to Francis Scott 2nd Earl Buccleuch (age 20) and Margaret Leslie Countess Buccleuch and Wemyss (age 27).

On 31 Aug 1661 Charles Granville 2nd Earl Bath was born to John Granville 1st Earl Bath (age 33) and Jane Wyche.

On 31 Aug 1701 Edward Henry Calvert was born to Benedict Calvert 4th Baron Baltimore (age 22) and Charlotte Lee Baroness Baltimore (age 22) at Epsom, Surrey. He a great grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 31 Aug 1702 Louis Francois Roubiliac was born in Lyon, France [Map].

Before 31 Aug 1710 Diana Grey was born to Henry Grey 3rd Earl Stamford (age 25) and Dorothy Wright Countess Stamford (age 25).

On 31 Aug 1726 Winifrede Howard Baroness Stourton was born to Philip Howard (age 38) and Winifrede Stonor.

On 31 Aug 1749 James Allgood was born to Lancelot Allgood (age 38).

On 31 Aug 1764 Bernard Astley was born to Edward Astley 4th Baronet (age 34) and Anne Milles.

On 31 Aug 1774 Charles Turner was born in Woodstock, Oxfordshire [Map].

On 31 Aug 1776 Peter King 7th Baron King was born to Peter King 6th Baron King (age 40).

On 31 Aug 1800 George Chapple Norton was born to Fletcher Norton (age 55) and Caroline Elizabeth Balmain.

On 31 Aug 1819 Edouard Dubufe was born.

On 31 Aug 1832 Herman Ernst Franz Bernhard Hohenlohe Langenburg Prince was born to Ernst Christian Carl Hohenlohe Langenburg I Prince (age 38) and Anna Feodora Auguste Charlotte Wilhelmine Leiningen Princess.

On 31 Aug 1837 Captain Richard Tryon was born to Thomas Tryon of Bulwick (age 35) and Anne Trollope.

On 31 Aug 1848 John Shelley 9th Baronet was born to Frederick Shelley 8th Baronet (age 39).

On 31 Aug 1850 John Stephen Barrington Simeon 4th Baronet was born to John Simeon 3rd Baronet (age 35) and Jane Maria Baker Lady Simeon. Coefficient of inbreeding 6.25%.

On 31 Aug 1854 Frederick Coleridge Mackarness was born to Bishop John Mackarness (age 33) and Alethea Buchanan Coleridge (age 28).

On 31 Aug 1859 Marie Wilhelmine Luise Glücksburg was born to Friedrich Glücksburg Duke Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Glücksburg (age 44) and Adelheid Schasumburg Lippe Duchess Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Glücksburg. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 31 Aug 1867 Balthazar Stephen Sargant Foster 2nd Baron Ilkeston was born to Balthazar Walter Foster 1st Baron Ilkeston (age 27) and Emily Martha Sargant.

On 31 Aug 1875 Alexander Vladimirovich Holstein Gottorp Romanov was born to Vladimir Holstein Gottorp Romanov (age 28) and Marie Pavlona.

On 31 Aug 1895 Edward Hugh Hastings Abney-Hastings was born to Major Paulyn Abney-Hastings (age 38) and Maud Grimston (age 38).

On 31 Aug 1904 Mary Freya Sykes was born to Mark Sykes 6th Baronet (age 25) and Edith Violet Gorst (age 32).

Marriages on the 31st August

On 31 Aug 1281 Eric II King Norway (age 13) and Margaret Dunkeld Queen Consort Norway (age 20) were married at Bergen. She the daughter of Alexander III King Scotland (age 39) and Margaret Queen of Scotland. He the son of King Magnus VI of Norway and Queen Ingeborg of Norway (age 37). She a granddaughter of King Henry III of England.

On 31 Aug 1449 John Valois Orléans (age 50) and Marguerite Rohan were married. He the son of Louis Valois Duke Touraine I Duke Orléans and Valentina Visconti. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry III of England.

Before 31 Aug 1565 George Vernon "King of the Peak" (age 57) and Maud aka Magdelan Longford were married.

On 31 Aug 1676 Thomas Bruce 3rd Earl Elgin 2nd Earl Ailesbury (age 20) and Elizabeth Seymour Countess Elgin and Ailesbury (age 21) were married. She the daughter of Henry Seymour and Mary Capell Duchess Beaufort (age 45). He the son of Robert Bruce 2nd Earl Elgin 1st Earl Ailesbury (age 50). They were fourth cousins. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

On 31 Aug 1676 Richard Onslow 1st Baron Onslow (age 22) and Elizabeth Tulse (age 15) were married.

On 31 Aug 1699 Charles Hope 1st Earl Hopetoun (age 18) and Henrietta Johnstone (age 16) were married.

Before 31 Aug 1726 Philip Howard (age 38) and Winifrede Stonor were married. They were second cousin once removed.

On 31 Aug 1812 Henry Alexander Douglas (age 30) and Elizabeth Dalzell were married.

On 31 Aug 1822 Charles Rowley 2nd Baronet (age 21) and Frances Evelyn were married.

On 31 Aug 1840 Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Edward Hall Gage (age 26) and Sophia Selena Knightley were married.

On 31 Aug 1854 George Frederick Dawson (age 27) and Elizabeth King (age 27) were married. A Marriage of Two Sets of Siblings. His sister Emily Dawson had married her brother John Henry Wyndham King in 1852.

On 31 Aug 1865 William Hare 3rd Earl of Listowel (age 32) and Ernestine Mary Brudenell-Bruce Countess Listowell (age 18) were married. She by marriage Countess Listowel in County Kerry. She the daughter of Ernest Brudenell-Bruce 3rd Marquess Ailesbury (age 54) and Louisa Elizabeth Horsley Beresford Marchioness Ailesbury (age 51). He the son of William Hare 2nd Earl Listowel and Maria Augusta Windham Countess Listowel (age 60).

On 31 Aug 1876 Charles Henry Wynn (age 29) and Frances Georgiana Romer were married at St George's Church, Hanover Square.

On 31 Aug 1886 Algernon Charles Gordon-Lennox (age 38) and Blanche Maynard (age 22) were married. He the son of Charles Gordon-Lennox 6th Duke Richmond (age 68) and Frances Harriett Greville Duchess Richmond (age 62). He a great x 5 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

Before 31 Aug 1904 Mark Sykes 6th Baronet (age 25) and Edith Violet Gorst (age 32) were married.

On 31 Aug 1918 King Carol II Hohenzollern Sigmaringen (age 24) and Joanna Marie "Zizi" Rangabe Lambrino (age 19) were married at Cathedral Church. He a great grandson of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

Deaths on the 31st August

On 31 Aug 1056 Odda of Deerhurst Earl of Wessex (age 63) died. He was buried at Pershore Abbey [Map].

On 31 Aug 1158 Sancho III King Castile (age 24) died. His son Alfonso VIII King Castile (age 2) succeeded VIII King Castile.

Around 31 Aug 1168 Amice Gael Countess Leicester died.

On 31 Aug 1294 Roger le Rous (age 57) died.

On 31 Aug 1330 John Mohun 1st Baron Dunster (age 61) died. His grandson John Mohun 2nd Baron Mohun of Dunster (age 10) succeeded 2nd Baron Mohun of Dunster. Given his young age he became a ward of the King who sold his wardship and marriage to Bishop Henry Burghesh (age 38) who then married him to his niece Joan Burghesh Baroness Dunster (age 11), daugher of his brother Bartholomew "The Elder" Burghesh 1st Baron Burghesh (age 43).

On 31 Aug 1372 Richard Stafford (age 70) died at Pipe, Staffordshire.

On 31 Aug 1372 Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford (age 70) died. His son Hugh Stafford 2nd Earl Stafford (age 36) succeeded 2nd Earl Stafford, 3rd Baron Stafford. Philippa Beauchamp Countess Stafford (age 38) by marriage Countess Stafford.

On 31 Aug 1373 John Stafford (age 71) died at Wickham, Norfolk.

On 31 Aug 1401 Nicholas III Longford (age 50) died at Shrewsbury, Shropshire [Map].

On 31 Aug 1404 Thomas Montagu died.

On 31 Aug 1422 King Henry V of England (age 36) died at Château de Vincennes, Vincennes possibly from dysentery, possibly from heatstroke. John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley (age 21) brought the body back to England. His son King Henry VI of England and II of France succeeded VI King England.

Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter (age 45) was appointed Governor to King Henry VI of England and II of France.

On 31 Aug 1433 Peter Luxemburg I Count Saint Pol (age 43) died of plague at Rambures, Somme. His son Louis Luxemburg I Count Saint Pol (age 15) succeeded I Count Saint Pol.

On 31 Aug 1459 Katherine Eure (age 59) died.

On 31 Aug 1470 Frederick Lorraine Count Vaudémont (age 42) died. On 31 Aug 1470 His son René Lorraine II Duke Lorraine Duke of Bar (age 19) succeeded Count Vaudémont.

On 31 Aug 1476 Henry Stradling (age 53) died.

On 31 Aug 1485 William Sapcote (age 56) died.

Between 31 Aug 1489 and 24 May 1490 George Leslie 1st Earl Rothes died.

On 31 Aug 1495 Isabel Babthorpe died.

On 31 Aug 1505 John Verney of Pendley in Hertfordshire (age 55) died.

On 31 Aug 1565 George Vernon "King of the Peak" (age 57) died. He was buried at All Saint's Church, Bakewell, Derbyshire [Map]. By his will of 18 Aug 1565 he bequeathed six Derbyshire manors and two in Staffordshire to his wife for life. His executors were to take the profits of his manor of Kibblestone, in Staffordshire, and two Cheshire manors for 16 years after his decease to pay his debts, funeral expenses and the fulfilment of his will, which included among numerous bequests the provision of one gold chain worth £20 to his godson, Gilbert Talbot (age 12), the future 6th Earl of Shrewsbury, 'as a remembrance of my good will towards him'. His wife, his son-in-law John Manners (age 38), his brother-in-law Nicholas Longford (age 33) and his 'loving neighbours and faithful friends Thomas Sutton and Richard Wennesley were each to receive £20 for their services as executors, while his 'right worshipful friends' (Sir) John Zouche II and Francis Leke (age 55) were each to have a horse.

Monument with both his wives Margaret Tailboys and Maud aka Magdelan Longford each wearing a French Hood. Man with Two Wives.

On the left the arms of his second wife Margaret Tailboys, middle the arms of George Vernon "King of the Peak" (age 57) and right the arms of his first wife Maud aka Magdelan Longford.

On 31 Aug 1568 Humphrey Llwyd aka Lluyd (age 41) died. He was buried at St Marcella's Church, Denbigh [Map]. Victorian Monument to Humphrey Llwyd 1527-1568. Prie-Dieu.

On 31 Aug 1586 Edmund Gresham (age 56) died.

On 31 Aug 1599 Gabriel Pulteney died.

On 31 Aug 1606 Patrick Gray 5th Lord Gray (age 68) died. His son Patrick Gray 6th Lord Gray (age 41) succeeded 6th Lord Gray. Mary Stewart Lady Gray (age 45) by marriage Lord Gray.

On 31 Aug 1616 Henry Poole of Sapperton (age 75) died. He was buried in Sapperton, Gloucestershire.

On 31 Aug 1634 Katherine Bamburgh died.

On 31 Aug 1657 Jane Littleton (age 70) died.

On 31 Aug 1669 John Hamilton 4th Earl Haddington (age 43) died in Tyninghame House [Map]. His son Charles Hamilton 5th Earl Haddington (age 19) succeeded 5th Earl Haddington.

After 31 Aug 1669 Christian Lindsay Countess Haddington died.

On 31 Aug 1676 Catherine Widdrington (age 34) died.

On 31 Aug 1678 Richard Ford (age 64) died.

On 31 Aug 1687 Richard Legh (age 53) died.

On 31 Aug 1699 John Newton 2nd Baronet (age 73) died. His son John Newton 3rd Baronet (age 48) succeeded 3rd Baronet Newton of Barrs Court. Susanna Wharton Lady Newton (age 48) by marriage Lady Newton of Barrs Court.

On 31 Aug 1701 Edward Nosworthy (age 63) died in Dunkirk.

On 31 Aug 1719 Louis Charles William Hohenzollern (age 2) died.

On 31 Aug 1724 Louis I King Spain (age 17) died of smallpox. He was buried at the El Escorial Palace. Philippe V King Spain (age 40) returned to the Spanish throne.

On 31 Aug 1741 Anne Bellamy (age 61) died.

On 31 Aug 1741 Andrew Archer (age 82) died.

On 20 Apr 1759 Thomas William Coke 1st Earl of Leicester (age 61) died. Earl of Leicester and Baron Lovel of Minster Lovell extinct. Wenman Roberts aka Coke (age 42) inherited his estates.

On 31 Aug 1753 Edward Coke (age 34) died.

Monument in Church of St Mary the Virgin, Tittleshall [Map] commissioned by wife and mother Margaret Tufton Countess Leicester (age 58). Erected in 1760. Sculpted by Charles Atkinson. Gadrooned sarcophagus on pedestal with a carved and painted achievement above surrounded by extravagant mantling. Flanked by pair of composite columns supporting a dentilated pediment. Carved bust figures to the sides of the Earl and Countess by Louis Francois Roubiliac (age 56).

Edward Coke: On 02 Feb 1719 he was born to Thomas William Coke 1st Earl of Leicester and Margaret Tufton Countess Leicester. On 01 Apr 1747 Edward Coke and Mary Campbell were married. She the daughter of John Campbell 2nd Duke Argyll. He the son of Thomas William Coke 1st Earl of Leicester and Margaret Tufton Countess Leicester.

On 31 Aug 1764 Elizabeth Dawes (age 38) died.

On 31 Aug 1765 John Robinson 4th Baronet (age 60) died. His son George Robinson 5th Baronet (age 35) succeeded 5th Baronet Robinson of London. Dorothea Chester Lady Robinson by marriage Lady Robinson of London.

On 31 Aug 1768 Henrietta Pelham Baroness Bergavenny (age 38) died.

On 31 Aug 1772 William Borlase (age 76) died.

On 31 Aug 1772 Marie Suzanne Giroust (age 38) died.

On 31 Aug 1801 George Warren (age 66) died.

On 31 Aug 1801 Jacintha Catherine Hesketh (age 25) died.

On 31 Aug 1807 Coulson Wallop (age 32) died of apoplexy whilst imprisoned at Verdun.

On 31 Aug 1817 John Thomas Duckworth 1st Baronet (age 70) died. His son John Thomas Duckworth aka Buller 2nd Baronet (age 8) succeeded 2nd Baronet Duckworth of Topsham in Devon.

On 31 Aug 1822 Clementia Elphinstone Countess Perth (age 73) died.

On 31 Aug 1832 Mary Tyrrell 3rd Countess Arran (age 65) died.

On 31 Aug 1841 Bridget Buckby (age 78) died.

On 31 Aug 1854 Anne Cayley (age 86) died.

On 31 Aug 1869 Charles Young (age 74) died at his home in Prince's Terrace Hyde Park.

On 31 Aug 1871 Louisa Anne Douglas died.

On 31 Aug 1879 Malcolm Murray-MacGregor 4th Baronet (age 45) died.

On 31 Aug 1921 Captain Charles Barrington Balfour (age 59) died.

On 31 Aug 1945 William Acton (age 39) died.

On 31 Aug 1961 Courtney Priestley Edwards Cave-Browne-Cave (age 70) died.

On 31 Aug 1989 Ruth Alice Hannah Mary Primrose Countess Halifax (age 73) died.

On 31 Aug 1997 Diana Spencer Princess Wales (age 36) died at Pitié-Salpetrière Hospital. She was buried at Althorp House, Northamptonshire [Map].

On 31 Aug 2003 Anne Winifred Sullivan Marchioness Westminster (age 88) died.

On 31 Aug 2006 David William Anthony Blyth Macpherson 2nd Baron Strathcarron (age 82) died.