Culture, General Things, Architecture, Architectural Detail, Putti

Putti is in Architectural Detail.

After 28 Oct 1613. Monument to George St Paul 1st Baronet (deceased) and Frances Wray Countess Warwick. at St Lawrence's Church, Snarford [Map]. Elizabethan Period. A base supporting the reclining figures of the deceased with composite Pillars supporting an entablature and armorial termination. In the base is a central semi-circular niche containing a carving of the deceased's daughter, flanked by niches containing mourning putti. Above on the lower step is a figure of Frances in full mourning dress with formal Ruff and hat, reclining on a cushion holding a prayer book. On the upper step he reclines in plate armour with a sword. The figures are contained in a semi-circular headed Recess with roses in the archivolt and on the back wall is an inscribed rectangular panel with scrolls and memento mori. The Pillars to either side support a frieze and entablature from which rise flaming urns and at the angles, and at the centre is a raised achievement of arms flanked by scrolled shields and obelisks. Possibly sculpted by Cornelius Cure.

On 03 Sep 1634 Edward Coke (age 82) died. Monument in Church of St Mary the Virgin, Tittleshall [Map]. Simple sarcophagus on pedestal with lying effigy. Pair of flanking Tuscan columns supporting a full entablature with putti on frieze and broken segmental pediment. Carved and painted achievement in and above tympanum flanked by four reclining figures of the Virtues on pediment extrados.

Above. Quarterly of eight: Coke Arms, Crispin, Folkard, Sparham, Nerford, Yarmouth, Knightley Arms and Pawe. The crest is broken. Farrer says it was: On a chapeau Azure, turned up Ermine, an ostrich Argent, holding in its mouth a horseshoe Or. The motto reads Prudens qui Patiens.

The effigy was carved by John Hargrave, the rest of the memorial was made by Nicholas Stone (age 47).

Below the effigy are three shields. Left Coke Arms implaling Paston Arms. His first wife Bridget Paston. Middle Coke Arms. Right Coke Arms impaling Cecil Arms; his second wife Elizabeth Cecil Countess Berkshire (age 38).

Bridget Paston: She was born to John Paston. On 13 Aug 1582 Edward Coke and she were married. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

Evelyn's Diary. 15 Feb 1649. At Du Bois, we saw two tables of Putti, that were gotten, I know not how, out of the Castle of St. Angelo, by old Petit, thought to be Titian's; he had some good heads of Palma, and one of Stenwyck. Bellcar showed us an excellent copy of his Majesty's Sleeping Venus and the Satyr, with other figures; for now they had plundered, sold, and dispersed a world of rare paintings of the King's, and his loyal subjects. After all, Sir William Ducy showed me some excellent things in miniature, and in oil of Holbein's; Sir Thomas More's head, and a whole-length figure of Edward VI., which were certainly his Majesty's; also a picture of Queen Elizabeth; the Lady Isabella Thynne (age 25); a rare painting of Rothenhamer, being a Susanna; and a Magdalen, of Quintin, the blacksmith; also a Henry VIII., of Holbein; and Francis I., rare indeed, but of whose hand I know not.

Evelyn's Diary. 15 Feb 1649. The painter, La Neve has an Andromeda, but I think it a copy after Vandyke from Titian, for the original is in France. Webb, at the Exchange, has some rare things in miniature, of Breughel's, also Putti, in twelve squares, that were plundered from Sir James Palmer (age 64).

Evelyn's Diary. 07 Sep 1649. Went with my wife (age 14) and dear Cousin to St. Germains, and kissed the Queen-Mother's (age 39) hand; dined with my Lord Keeper and Lord Hatton (age 44). Divers of the great men of France came to see the King (age 19). The next day, came the Prince of Condé (age 27). Returning to Paris, we went to see the President Maison's palace, built castle-wise, of a milk-white fine freestone; the house not vast, but well contrived, especially the staircase, and the ornaments of Putti, about it. It is environed in a dry moat, the offices under ground, the gardens very excellent with extraordinary long walks, set with elms, and a noble prospect toward the forest, and on the Seine toward Paris. Take it altogether, the meadows, walks, river, forest, corn-ground, and vineyards, I hardly saw anything in Italy to exceed it. The iron gates are very magnificent. He has pulled down a whole village to make room for his pleasure about it.

Evelyn's Diary. 21 Jun 1650. He led us into a stately chamber furnished to have entertained a prince, with pictures of the greatest masters, especially a Venus of Perino del Vaga; the Putti carved in the chimney-piece by the Fleming; the vases of porcelain, and many designed by Raphael; some paintings of Poussin, and Fioravanti; antiques in brass; the looking-glass and stands rarely carved. In a word, all was great, choice, and magnificent, and not to be passed by as I had often done, without the least suspicion that there were such rare things to be seen in that place. At a future visit, he showed a new grotto and a bathing place, hewn through the battlements of the arches of Pont Neuf into a wide vault at the intercolumniation, so that the coaches and horses thundered over our heads.

Around 1663 Peter Lely (age 44). Portrait of Eleanor Needham Baroness Byron (age 36) depicted as Saint Catherine of Alexandria in a guise probably intended to flatter Charles II's Queen, Catherine of Braganza (age 24). Accordingly she carries the martyr's palm branch and leans upon a wheel. The sitter looks to two putti in the upper left, one of whom holds a wreath of bay leaves above her head. She is wearing a copper-red dress with a richly decorated blue mantle about her arms.

Eleanor Needham Baroness Byron: Around 1627 she was born to Robert Needham 2nd Viscount Kilmorey and Eleanor Dutton. In 1644 John Byron 1st Baron Byron and she were married. She by marriage Baroness Byron of Rochdale in Lancashire. The difference in their ages was 28 years. On 26 Jan 1664 she died.

On 31 Mar 1682 John Freschville 1st Baron Frescheville (age 74) died. The last of the male line of Freschville. He was buried in St John the Baptist's Church, Staveley [Map] where his third wife Anna Charlotte De Vic commissioned a monument. Sarcophagus with seated putti.

Anna Charlotte De Vic: She was born to Henry de Vic. In Dec 1666 John Freschville 1st Baron Frescheville and she were married. On 12 Nov 1717 she died.

After 19 Jan 1686. Church of St Michael and All Angels, Edenham [Map]. Monument to Richard Bertie (deceased). Large swagged and scrolled cartouche surmounted by an urn and cornucupia and bearing two scrolled inscription panels, a shield of arms with palms supported by two putti.[Source: BLB].

Richard Bertie: Around 1635 he was born to Montagu Bertie 2nd Earl Lindsey and Martha Cockayne Countess Lindsey and Holderness. In 1685 Richard Bertie was elected MP Woodstock. On 19 Jan 1686 Richard Bertie died.

After 1713. St Andrew's Church, Denton [Map]. Monument to Richard Welby. Sculpted by Thomas Green of Camberwell (age 54). The fully wigged standing life sized figure of the deceased stands in an arched surround flanked by fluted Pilasters with acanthus scrolls and broken segmental pediment contaning a cherub and putti leaning down from heaven holding a metal coronet, surmounted by an achievement. Beneath is he inscription panel and to either side putti holding memento mori, and mourning, one with tears.

The inscription reads:


Here are deposited the Remains of

RICHARD WELBY of Denton Esqr

Lord of the Mannours of Welby Streglethorp Saperton and

Swinsted and High Sheriff of the County of Lincoln 1705

A Gentleman of an ancient & Virtuous Family, a good Christian

a Loyal Subject, a true lover of the Church

a sincere Respector of its Clergy and

a daily Frequentor of its Worship

In His private Character, Modest, Humble and Courteous

of great Probity and universal Charity

The Poor lost in him a liberal and silent Benefactor

his Tenants, a forbearing Landlord;

his Servants, a kind and prudent master;

his Relations, an invaluable Friend;

his Children, a most indulgent Father and

his Mournfull Wife ye Best of Husbands.

He marry'd MARY Daughter & Sole Heiress of JOHN TOWERS of

the Isle of Ely Esqr, by whom he had Issue;


After a tedious Sickness, which he bore with exemplary patience

and resignation, he dyed on Easter day 1713

In hopes of a Joyfull Resurrection; & lament his loss

the Righteous shall be had in everlasting Remembrance

MARY his once happy Wife now Sorrowfull Relict

??????? her own Affection

Erected this Monument Dec 10 1714.


Ob June 8 1759

Ae 74

Richard Welby: On 05 Apr 1713 he died.

After 26 Jul 1723. Church of St Michael and All Angels, Edenham [Map]. Monument to Robert Bertie 1st Duke Ancaster and Kesteven (deceased) sculpted by Peter Scheemakers (age 32) and Henry Cheere 1st Baronet (age 20). A Classical Period with Corinthian Capitals supporting open dentilated pediment with garland, urns and putti. Before the Aedicule a rounded Pedestal supports a marble image of the deceased attired as a Roman General.

St Conan aka Petroc's Church, Egloshayle [Map]. Monument to John Molesworth 3rd Baronet and Jane Arscott Lady Molesworth, and their children commissioned by John Molesworth 4th Baronet (age 18), and to John's wife Barbara Morice Lady Molesworth. Aedicule. Putti. Sarcophagus.

John Molesworth 3rd Baronet: On or before 23 Jun 1668 he was born to John Molesworth 2nd Baronet and Margery Wise Lady Molesworth. He was baptised on 23 Jun 1668 at Pencarrow House, Cornwall. On 19 Sep 1699 John Molesworth 3rd Baronet and Jane Arscott Lady Molesworth were married. Around 15 Oct 1716 John Molesworth 2nd Baronet died. He was buried on 18 Oct 1716 at St Conan aka Petroc's Church, Egloshayle. His son John Molesworth 3rd Baronet succeeded 3rd Baronet Molesworth of Pencarrow in Cornwall. Jane Arscott Lady Molesworth by marriage Lady Molesworth of Pencarrow in Cornwall. Around 17 Jun 1723 John Molesworth 3rd Baronet died. He was buried at St Conan aka Petroc's Church, Egloshayle on 20 Jun 1723. His son John Molesworth 4th Baronet succeeded 4th Baronet Molesworth of Pencarrow in Cornwall.

Jane Arscott Lady Molesworth: Before 19 Jun 1678 she was born to John Arscott of Tetcott in Devon. She baptised on the 19th of June 1678 at Tetcott, Devon, England. Around 03 May 1719 she died.

Barbara Morice Lady Molesworth: She was born to Nicholas Morice 2nd Baronet and Catherine Herbert Lady Morice. In 1728 John Molesworth 4th Baronet and Barbara Morice were married. On 17 May 1755 Barbara Morice Lady Molesworth died.

After 01 Jan 1741. Church of St Michael and All Angels, Edenham [Map]. Monument to Peregrine Bertie 2nd Duke Ancaster and Kesteven (deceased). Flat Obelisk before which stands life sized carving of the deceased leaning on an Urn, in Roman dress, a putto holding a medallion of the Duchess Jane Brownlow Duchess Ancaster and Kesteven. Sculpted by Louis Francois Roubiliac (age 38).

On 14 May 1751 Mary Churchill Duchess Montagu (age 61) died. Monument in St Edmund's Church, Warkton [Map]. Sculpted by Louis Francois Roubiliac (age 48). Erected by her Daughter, Lady Mary Montagu. The monument is adorned with figures representing the three fates of Clotho-, Atropos- and Lachesis-, arranged to show the cutting of Mary's life thread, and Lachesis' dismay at it being cut short. Three putti also figure on the monument, one of whom holds the spindle from which the thread was cut.

Clotho-: Clotho- is one of the Three Fates. She spins the thread of human life.

Atropos-: Atropos- is one of the Three Fates. She cuts the thread of human life.

Lachesis-: Lachesis- is one of the Three Fates. She measures the thread of human life.

On 10 Jul 1759 Catherine Blount Freeman (age 22) died of a malignant fever. She was buried at St Andrew's Church, Wimpole [Map]. Armorial Yorke Arms differencede with a crescent to indicate son of the current holder; her husband Charles Yorke (age 36) with an inescutcheon of Freeman Arms quartered with unknown arms two lions passant guardant with a bordure engrailed.

Stylised sarcophagus in white veined marble, bearing a white inscription panel; above is an urn in brown marble against a grey background standing on a base of three steps around which are grouped three putti: two garlanding the urn while the third stands by in dejection with reversed torch; in front of the steps is a portrait medallion and at the base of the sarcophagus is an achievement of arms; signed 'JAMES STUART (age 46), INVT. PR. SCHEEMAKERS (age 68), SCULP. MDCCLXI'.

Catherine Blount Freeman: Around 1737 she was born to William Freeman of Hamels in Hertfordshire and Catherine Blount. On 19 May 1755 Charles Yorke and she were married. He the son of Philip Yorke 1st Earl of Hardwicke and Margaret Cocks Countess Hardwicke.

On 25 Jun 1766 Elizabeth Lygon (age 24) died of consumption. She was buried at St Andrew's Church, Wimpole [Map]. White marble inscription scroll flanked by putti beneath a shaped cornice enriched with torches and an urn, and with apron framing a cartouche of arms

Elizabeth Lygon: Around 1742 she was born to Reginald Pyndar aka Lygon of Madresfield in Worcestershire and Susannah Hamner. In 1762 John Yorke and she were married. He the son of Philip Yorke 1st Earl of Hardwicke and Margaret Cocks Countess Hardwicke.

1787. Monument in Church of St Peter and St Paul, Exton, Rutlandshire [Map] to Baptist Noel 4th Earl Gainsborough and Elizabeth Chapman Countess Gainsborough sculpted by Joseph Nollekens (age 49) in 1787. A reclining female figure with a cornucopia, on a sarcophagus backed by an obelisk with medallions and putti.

Elizabeth Chapman Countess Gainsborough: In 1708 she was born. In 1728 Baptist Noel 4th Earl Gainsborough and she were married. She by marriage Countess Gainsborough. He the son of Baptist Noel 3rd Earl Gainsborough and Dorothy Manners Countess Gainsborough. After 21 Mar 1751 Thomas Noel and she were married. On 13 Nov 1771 she died.

Putti with torch held downwards, extinguished, indicating the end of life.

Sculpted by Joseph Nollekens (age 49).


On 02 Jun 1800 Jane Dutton (age 46) died at Bath, Somerset [Map]. Monument in Church of St Mary the Virgin, Tittleshall [Map] sculpted by Joseph Nollekens (age 62). Flat obelisk background. Pedestal with inscription and supporting the carving which is centred around a broken column with standing figure of woman leaning on it in front of opened book. Angel on cloud above and putto below holding up a flaming heart.

Jane Dutton: On 29 Nov 1753 she was born to James Lenox Dutton and Jane Bond at Sherborne, Gloucestershire. On 25 Oct 1775 Thomas Coke 1st Earl of Leicester and she were married at Sherborne, Gloucestershire.