Biography of Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort 1629-1700

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Maternal Family Tree: Anne Fitzwilliam 1504-1588

In 1628 [his father] Edward Somerset 2nd Marquess Worcester (age 25) and [his mother] Elizabeth Dormer were married. She the daughter of Robert Dormer 1st Earl Carnarvon (age 18) and Anne Sophia Herbert Countess Carnarvon. He the son of Henry Somerset 1st Marquess Worcester (age 51) and Anne Russell 2nd Marchioness Worcester (age 50). They were second cousin twice removed.

In 1629 Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort was born to Edward Somerset 2nd Marquess Worcester (age 26) and Elizabeth Dormer at Raglan Castle [Map].

On 31 May 1635 [his mother] Elizabeth Dormer died.

On 18 Dec 1646 [his grandfather] Henry Somerset 1st Marquess Worcester (age 69) died at Covent Garden [Map]. His son [his father] Edward Somerset 2nd Marquess Worcester (age 44) succeeded 2nd Marquess Worcester, 6th Earl Worcester.

On 28 Jun 1648 Henry Seymour (age 22) and [his future wife] Mary Capell Duchess Beaufort (age 17) were married at Little Hadham, Hertfordshire [Map]. He the son of William Seymour 2nd Duke of Somerset (age 60) and Frances Devereux Duchess of Somerset (age 48). They were fourth cousins. He a great x 4 grandson of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

In 1660 Henry Hyde 2nd Earl Clarendon and [his future sister-in-law] Theodosia Capell were married. She died a year later. He the son of Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon (age 50) and Frances Aylesbury Countess Clarendon (age 42).

Before 25 Dec 1660 Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort (age 31) and Mary Capell Duchess Beaufort (age 30) were married. He the son of Edward Somerset 2nd Marquess Worcester (age 58) and Elizabeth Dormer.

On 25 Dec 1660 [his son] Charles Somerset Marquess Worcester was born to Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort (age 31) and [his wife] Mary Capell Duchess Beaufort (age 30).

On or after 28 Nov 1661 [his sister-in-law] Theodosia Capell died.

In 1664 [his daughter] Mary Somerset Duchess Ormonde was born to Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort (age 35) and [his wife] Mary Capell Duchess Beaufort (age 33).

On 03 Apr 1667 [his father] Edward Somerset 2nd Marquess Worcester (age 65) died. His son Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort (age 38) succeeded 3rd Marquess Worcester, 7th Earl Worcester. [his wife] Mary Capell Duchess Beaufort (age 36) by marriage Marchioness Worcester.

Pepy's Diary. 16 Sep 1667. Up, and several come to me, among others Mr. Yeabsly of Plymouth, Devon [Map], to discourse about their matters touching Tangier, and by and by Sir H. Cholmly (age 35), who was with me a good while; who tells me that the Duke of York's (age 33) child is christened, the Duke of Albemarle (age 58) and the Marquis of Worcester (age 38) godfathers, and my Lady Suffolke (age 45) godmother; and they have named it Edgar, which is a brave name. But it seems they are more joyful in the Chancellor's (age 58) family, at the birth of this Prince, than in wisdom they should, for fear it should give the King (age 37) cause of jealousy.

Around 1669 [his daughter] Henrietta Somerset Countess Suffolk was born to Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort (age 40) and [his wife] Mary Capell Duchess Beaufort (age 38).

Evelyn's Diary. 18 Jun 1670. Dined at Goring House [Map], whither my Lord Arlington (age 52) carried me from Whitehall with the Marquis of Worcester (age 41); there, we found Lord Sandwich (age 44), Viscount Stafford (age 55), the Lieutenant of the Tower, and others. After dinner, my Lord communicated to me his Majesty's (age 40) desire that I would engage to write the history of our late war with the Hollanders, which I had hitherto declined; this I found was ill taken, and that I should disoblige his Majesty (age 40), who had made choice of me to do him this service, and, if I would undertake it, I should have all the assistance the Secretary's office and others could give me, with other encouragements, which I could not decently refuse.

On 29 Sep 1671 [his son] Arthur Somerset was born to Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort (age 42) and [his wife] Mary Capell Duchess Beaufort (age 41).

In 1672 Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort (age 43) was appointed 473rd Knight of the Garter by King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 41).

On 17 Apr 1672 Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort (age 43) was appointed Privy Council.

On 22 Jul 1673 [his daughter] Anne Somerset Countess Coventry was born to Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort (age 44) and [his wife] Mary Capell Duchess Beaufort (age 42).

On 31 Aug 1676 Thomas Bruce 3rd Earl Elgin 2nd Earl Ailesbury (age 20) and [his step-daughter] Elizabeth Seymour Countess Elgin and Ailesbury (age 21) were married. She the daughter of Henry Seymour and Mary Capell Duchess Beaufort (age 45). He the son of Robert Bruce 2nd Earl Elgin 1st Earl Ailesbury (age 50). They were fourth cousins. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

On 06 Jun 1682 [his son] Charles Somerset Marquess Worcester (age 21) and [his daughter-in-law] Rebecca Child Marchioness Worcester (age 16) were married. He the son of Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort (age 53) and Mary Capell Duchess Beaufort (age 51).

On 02 Dec 1682 Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort (age 53) was created 1st Duke Beaufort by King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 52). [his wife] Mary Capell Duchess Beaufort (age 52) by marriage Duchess Beaufort.

Evelyn's Diary. 03 Sep 1683. I went to see what had been done by the Duke of Beaufort (age 54) on his lately purchased house at Chelsea, which I once had the selling of for the Countess of Bristol, he had made great alterations, but might have built a better house with the materials and the cost he had been at.

In 1685 [his son-in-law] James Butler 2nd Duke Ormonde (age 19) and [his daughter] Mary Somerset Duchess Ormonde (age 21) were married. She the daughter of Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort (age 56) and Mary Capell Duchess Beaufort (age 54). He the son of Thomas Butler 6th Earl Ossory and Emilia Nassau Beverweert Countess Ossory (age 49).

On 24 Jun 1686 [his son-in-law] Henry Horatio O'Brien and [his daughter] Henrietta Somerset Countess Suffolk (age 17) were married. She the daughter of Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort (age 57) and Mary Capell Duchess Beaufort (age 55). He the son of Henry O'Brien 7th Earl Thomond (age 66) and Sarah Russell Countess Thomond (age 48).

In 1691 [his son-in-law] Thomas Coventry 2nd Earl Coventry (age 29) and [his daughter] Anne Somerset Countess Coventry (age 17) were married. She the daughter of Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort (age 62) and Mary Capell Duchess Beaufort (age 60). He the son of Thomas Coventry 1st Earl Coventry (age 62) and Winifred Edgecumbe (age 54).

William III Creation of New Lords

On 11 Apr 1692 [his brother-in-law] Henry Capell 1st Baron Capell Tewkesbury (age 54) was created 1st Baron Capell Tewkesbury by King William III of England, Scotland and Ireland (age 41).

In 1695 [his son] Arthur Somerset (age 23) and [his daughter-in-law] Mary Russell (age 26) were married. He the son of Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort (age 66) and Mary Capell Duchess Beaufort (age 64).

On 30 May 1696 [his brother-in-law] Henry Capell 1st Baron Capell Tewkesbury (age 58) died at Chapelizod.

In 1697 [his step-daughter] Elizabeth Seymour Countess Elgin and Ailesbury (age 42) died.

On 13 Jul 1698 [his son] Charles Somerset Marquess Worcester (age 37) died.

Before 1699 Godfrey Kneller (age 52). Portrait of Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort (age 69).

On 21 Jan 1700 Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort (age 71) died at Badminton, Gloucestershire. He was buried at Beaufort Chapel, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle [Map]. His grandson Henry Somerset 2nd Duke Beaufort (age 15) succeeded 2nd Duke Beaufort, 4th Marquess Worcester, 8th Earl Worcester.

Evelyn's Diary. 21 Jan 1700. Died the Duke of Beaufort (age 71), a person of great honor, prudence, and estate.

On 07 Jan 1715 [his former wife] Mary Capell Duchess Beaufort (age 84) died.

In 1878 Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort was buried at St Michael and all Angels Church, Badminton.

Survey London Volume 4 Chelsea Part II. In the account in the Architectural Review (May, 1911) I have summarised the later history of the house as follows:-"After the great house had been occupied during the Commonwealth by the Parliamentary Commissioners, Sir Bulstrode Whitlocke and John Lisle, the second Duke of Buckingham regained possession. Lost to him, through his debts, the house ultimately passed (1674) into the hands of the trustees for George Digby, Earl of Bristol, and his Countess sold it in 1682 to Henry, Marquess of Worcester, afterwards Duke of Beaufort, the house remaining in his family until 1720. It was during this period, about the year 1699, that Kip's beautiful view of the mansion - now called Beaufort House - was published, a priceless record of the property, so ruthlessly defaced and destroyed by Sir Hans Sloane after he purchased it in 1737. Mr. Randall Davies, whom I have followed in the account of the occupants of the house, has printed the interesting conveyance of the property to Sloane, and if its description is carefully collated with the information in Kip's view, one is struck by the wonderful accuracy of the latter. Here is the great house as shown by Thorpe, its lodges and its forecourts, the wharf, with its brick towers east and west, the orchard and 'one garden environed with brick walls … and a terrace on the north end, with a banqueting house on the east end of the terrace,' as well as 'one great garden … extending from the terrace and banqueting house into the highway on the north.' This banqueting house is alike in detail to the sketch of 'a summer house, Chelsea,' in the Smithson collection of seventeenth-century drawings, now in the possession of Colonel Coke. But valuable as is the representation of the great house, the print has much more information to give us. The great park is there shown in all its original beauty; the Duke of Beaufort's stables and yard, since converted into the historic chapel and burying ground of the Moravians is to the west; and nearer the river the beautiful Jacobean house of Sir Arthur Gorges (our sole evidence of its character and design) and the house and gardens of the Earls of Lindsey. And to the east, below the wide area of Dovecote Close, laid out as a huge kitchen garden, are the fine pleasure grounds of Danvers House, which had been destroyed but three years before the drawing was published.".

[his son] Henry Somerset was born to Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort and Mary Capell Duchess Beaufort.

Royal Ancestors of Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort 1629-1700

Kings Wessex: Great x 18 Grand Son of King Edmund "Ironside" I of England

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 15 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 21 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 16 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Great x 9 Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Kings Scotland: Great x 13 Grand Son of William "Lion" I King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 15 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 11 Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France

Royal Descendants of Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort 1629-1700

Diana Spencer Princess Wales x 1

Ancestors of Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort 1629-1700

Great x 4 Grandfather: Charles Somerset 1st Earl of Worcester 3 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Henry Somerset 2nd Earl of Worcester 4 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Elizabeth Herbert 3rd Baroness Herbert Raglan 7 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry III of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: William Somerset 3rd Earl of Worcester 5 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Anthony Browne 6 x Great Grand Son of King Henry III of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Elizabeth Browne Countess of Worcester 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Lucy Neville 3 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 1 Grandfather: Edward Somerset 4th Earl of Worcester 6 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Edward North 1st Baron North

Great x 2 Grandmother: Christina North Countess of Worcester

Great x 4 Grandfather: Oliver Squier of Southby in Hampshire

Great x 3 Grandmother: Alice Squier Baroness North

GrandFather: Henry Somerset 1st Marquess Worcester 7 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Edward Hastings 2nd Baron Hastings Baron Botreaux, Hungerford and Moleyns 3 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 4 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Mary Hungerford Baroness Hastings, 4th Baroness Hungerford, 5th Baroness Botreaux and 2nd Baroness Moleyns 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: Francis Hastings 2nd Earl Huntingdon 5 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham 3 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Anne Stafford Countess Huntingdon 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Catherine Woodville Duchess Buckingham Duchess Bedford 6 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry III of England

Great x 1 Grandmother: Elizabeth Hastings Countess of Worcester 6 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Richard Pole 8 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Henry Pole 1st Baron Montagu 4 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Margaret York Countess of Salisbury 3 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Catherine Pole Countess Huntingdon 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: George Neville 5th and 3rd Baron Bergavenny 3 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Jane Neville Baroness Montagu 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Joan Fitzalan Baroness Bergavenny 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Father: Edward Somerset 2nd Marquess Worcester 8 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: James Russell

Great x 3 Grandfather: John Russell 1st Earl Bedford

Great x 4 Grandmother: Alice Wise

Great x 2 Grandfather: Francis Russell 2nd Earl Bedford

Great x 4 Grandfather: Guy Sapcote of Thornhaugh, Bedfordshire

Great x 3 Grandmother: Anne Sapcote Countess Bedford

Great x 1 Grandfather: John Russell 9 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John St John 8 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: John St John 9 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Sybil of Lansgtone Manor

Great x 2 Grandmother: Margaret St John Countess Bedford 8 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: William Waldegrave

Great x 3 Grandmother: Margaret Waldegrave 7 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Margery Wentworth 6 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

GrandMother: Anne Russell 2nd Marchioness Worcester 10 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Philip Cooke

Great x 3 Grandfather: John Cooke of Gidea Hall

Great x 4 Grandmother: Elizabeth Belnap

Great x 2 Grandfather: Anthony Cooke

Great x 4 Grandfather: William Saunders of Banbury in Oxfordshire

Great x 3 Grandmother: Alice Saunders

Great x 4 Grandmother: Jane Spencer

Great x 1 Grandmother: Elizabeth Cooke 11 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Fitzwilliam 8 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: William Fitzwilliam 9 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Anne Fitzwilliam 10 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort 9 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Robert Dormer of Wing

Great x 3 Grandfather: William Dormer

Great x 2 Grandfather: Robert Dormer 1st Baron Dormer

Great x 4 Grandfather: Anthony Catesby of Whiston

Great x 3 Grandmother: Dorothy Catesby

Great x 4 Grandmother: Isabel Pigot

Great x 1 Grandfather: William Dormer 7 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Anthony Browne 4 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montagu 5 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Alice Gage

Great x 2 Grandmother: Elizabeth Browne Baroness Dormer 6 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: William Dacre 3rd Baron Dacre Gilsland 7th Baron Greystoke 5 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Magdalen Dacre Viscountess Montague 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Elizabeth Talbot Baroness Dacre of Gilsland 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

GrandFather: Robert Dormer 1st Earl Carnarvon 8 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Richard Molyneux 7 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: William Molyneux 8 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Eleanor Radclyffe

Great x 2 Grandfather: Richard Molyneux 1st Baronet 9 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 1 Grandmother: Alice Molyneux 10 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: James Gerard of Astley

Great x 3 Grandfather: Gilbert Gerard

Great x 4 Grandmother: Margaret Holcroft

Great x 2 Grandmother: Frances Gerard Lady Molyneux

Great x 4 Grandfather: Thomas Ratclyffe

Great x 3 Grandmother: Anne Ratclyffe

Mother: Elizabeth Dormer 9 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Richard Herbert

Great x 3 Grandfather: William Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke

Great x 4 Grandmother: Margaret Cradock

Great x 2 Grandfather: Henry Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke 6 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Thomas Parr 4 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Anne Parr Countess Pembroke 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Maud Green Lady in Waiting 7 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 1 Grandfather: Philip Herbert 4th Earl Pembroke 1st Earl Montgomery 7 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: William Sidney

Great x 3 Grandfather: Henry Sidney

Great x 4 Grandmother: Anne Pakenham

Great x 2 Grandmother: Mary Sidney Countess Pembroke 9 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland 7 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Mary Dudley 8 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Jane Guildford Duchess Northumberland 8 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry III of England

GrandMother: Anne Sophia Herbert Countess Carnarvon 8 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John de Vere 15th Earl of Oxford 5 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: John de Vere 16th Earl of Oxford 6 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Elizabeth Trussell Countess of Oxford 11 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 2 Grandfather: Edward de Vere 17th Earl of Oxford 7 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Margery Golding Countess of Oxford

Great x 1 Grandmother: Susan Vere Countess Montgomery 8 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Richard Cecil

Great x 3 Grandfather: William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley

Great x 4 Grandmother: Jane Heckington

Great x 2 Grandmother: Anne Cecil Countess of Oxford 12 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Anthony Cooke

Great x 3 Grandmother: Mildred Cooke Baroness Burghley 11 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Anne Fitzwilliam 10 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England