On this Day in History ... 01 October

01 Oct is in October.

959 Death of King Eadwig

1553 Coronation of Mary I

1615 Thomas Overbury Murder and Trial of his Murderers

1915 Battle of Loos

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 959. This year died King Edwy, on the calends of October; and Edgar (age 16) his brother took to the government of the West-Saxons, Mercians, and Northumbrians. He was then sixteen years old. It was in this year he sent after St. Dunstan (age 50), and gave him the bishopric of Worcester; and afterwards the bishopric of London. In his days it prosper'd well; and God him gave, that he dwelt in peace the while that he lived. Whate'er he did, whate'er he plan'd, he earn'd his thrift. He also rear'd God's glory wide, and God's law lov'd, with peace to man, above the kings that went before in man's remembrance. God so him sped, that kings and earls to all his claims submissive bow'd; and to his will without a blow he wielded all as pleased himself. Esteem'd he was both far and wide in distant lands; because he prized the name of God, and God's law traced, God's glory rear'd, both far and wide, on every side. Wisely he sought in council oft his people's good, before his God, before the world. One misdeed he did, too much however, that foreign tastes he loved too much; and heathen modes into this land he brought too fast; outlandish men hither enticed; and to this earth attracted crowds of vicious men. But God him grant, that his good deeds be weightier far than his misdeeds, to his soul's redemption on the judgment-day.

Death of King Eadwig

On 01 Oct 959 Eadwig "All Fair" I King England died. He was buried at Winchester [Map]. His brother King Edgar "Peaceful" I of England (age 16) succeeded I King England.

After 01 Oct 1200 Frederick Hohenzollern I Burgrave Nuremburg (age 61) died. His son Conrad Hohenzollern Burgrave Nuremburg (age 14) succeeded I Burgrave Nuremberg.

On 01 Oct 1211 Roger Lacy 6th Baron Pontefract 7th Baron Halton (age 40) died in Pontefract [Map].

John Lacy Earl Lincoln (age 19) succeeded 8th Baron Halton, 7th Baron Pontefract 1C 1068. Alice Aquila Baroness Bowland, Halton and Lacy by marriage Baroness Halton, Baroness Pontefract.

On 01 Oct 1260 Marie Lusignan Countess Eu (age 37) died.

Archaeologia Volume 35 1853 XXXIII. Oct 1357. It appears, then, that at the beginning of October, when the Account opens, the Queen (age 62) was residing at her Castle of Hertford [Map], having not very long before been at Rising. The first visitor we have mention of is the "Comitissa Garenniæ," who sups with her on the fourth. The lady thus designated was Joan (age 61), daughter of Henry Earl of Barr (age 98), and Eleanor, daughter of Edward I. of England; niece, therefore, to Queen Isabella. She was married to John Earl of Warren and Surrey, in the year 33 Edward I., but appears to have been divorced from her husband, on the plea, of a previous marriage on his part, in the year 1345; and, as Dugdale tells us, she had leave to go beyond sea, in the same year, on some special employment for the King. She was one of the ladies, according to Froissart, who accompanied Isabella to England when she sailed from Flanders to the English shore on the expedition so fatal to her husband; and the frequent mention of her in the Account shows that she was in the closest intimacy with Isabella at this time. She visited her constantly, and nursed her in her last illness.

Before 01 Oct 1369 Robert Willoughby 4th Baron Willoughby (age 20) and Margery Zouche Baroness Willoughby Eresby (age 30) were married.

On 01 Oct 1391 William Dampierre I Count Namur (age 67) died.

On 01 Oct 1391 William "Rich" Dampierre I Marquis Namur (age 67) died.

After 01 Oct 1440. Monument to William Rhyther (deceased) and Sybil Aldeburgh at All Saints Church Harewood [Map]. Early Plate Bascinet and Gorget Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Crespine Headress.

William Rhyther: In 1379 he was born to William Rhyther (age 20) and Sybil Aldeburgh (age 16) at Tadcaster, Yorkshire. On 01 Oct 1440 William Rhyther (age 61) died at Harewood.

Sybil Aldeburgh: Around 1363 she was born to William Aldeburgh 1st Baron Aldeburgh Harewood (age 41) and Elizabeth Lisle Baroness Ferrers Harewood (age 23) at Harewood. Around 1379 William Rhyther (age 20) and Sybil Aldeburgh (age 16) were married. On 03 Sep 1439 Sybil Aldeburgh (age 76) died at Harewood.

On 01 Oct 1500 Bishop John Alcock (age 70) died. He was buried in the Alcock Chantry, Ely Cathedral.

On 01 Oct 1552 Edward Clinton 1st Earl Lincoln (age 40) and Elizabeth "The Fair Geraldine" Fitzgerald Countess Lincoln (age 25) were married. She the daughter of Gerald Fitzgerald 9th Earl of Kildare and Elizabeth Grey Countess Kildare. They were half fourth cousins. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.


Coronation of Mary I

On 01 Oct 1553 Queen Mary I of England and Ireland (age 37) was crowned I Queen of England and Ireland at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon (age 26) carried the Sword of State.

John Gage (age 73) bore the queen's train. Edward Dymoke (age 45) attended as the Queen's Champion. James Blount 6th Baron Mountjoy (age 20) and Henry Parker 12th Baron Marshal 11th Baron Morley (age 20) were created Knight of the Bath. Thomas Hastings (age 38) and John Leigh (age 51) were knighted. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke of Norfolk (age 80) and Henry Neville 5th Earl of Westmoreland (age 28) attended.NOTEXT

Anne of Cleves Queen Consort England (age 38) took part in the procession.

On 01 Oct 1596 Michael Honywood was born to Robert Honywood (age 22) and Elizabeth Browne.

Thomas Overbury Murder and Trial of his Murderers

On 01 Oct 1615 Gervase Helwys (age 54) was arrested and imprisoned at the Tower of London [Map].

After 01 Oct 1615 Gervase Helwys (age 54), Thomas Monson 1st Baronet (age 50), the gaoler Richard Weston, widow of a London doctor Mrs Anne Turner, and an apothecary James Franklin were tried for the murder of Thomas Overbury at the Guildhall [Map] by Edward Coke Lord Chief Justice (age 63) and Francis Bacon 1st Viscount St Alban (age 54). It was ruled that "poisons" had been "administered" in the form of "jellies" and "tarts" by Weston, Turner and Franklin at the direction of Frances Howard Countess Essex and Somerset (age 25). Frances Howard Countess Essex and Somerset (age 25) admitted her guilt. Her husband Robert Carr 1st Earl Somerset (age 28) maintained his innocence despite King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland (age 49) urging him to admit his guilt to avoid James being implicated. Frances Howard Countess Essex and Somerset (age 25) and Robert Carr 1st Earl Somerset (age 28) were found guilty and sentenced to death. King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland (age 49) commuted their sentence to life imprisonment. They, along with Monson (age 50), were subsequently pardoned.NOTEXT

The evidence for Gervase Helwys (age 54) appeared to indicated he had attempted to undermine the plot to poison Thomas Overbury.

After 01 Oct 1618. Monument to Edward Carr 1st Baronet (deceased) at St Denys' Church Sleaford [Map] sculpted by Maximilian Colt (age 43).

Before 01 Oct 1631 William Alington 1st Baron Alington (age 20) and Elizabeth Tollemache Baroness Alington were married.

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On 01 Oct 1660 Robert Greville 4th Baron Brooke (age 21) and Ann Dodington Baroness Brooke (age 18) were married. She by marriage Baroness Brooke of Beauchamps Court in Warwickshire.

Evelyn's Diary. 01 Oct 1661. I sailed this morning with his Majesty (age 31) in one of his yachts (or pleasure boats), vessels not known among us till the Dutch East India Company presented that curious piece to the King (age 31); being very excellent sailing vessels. It was on a wager between his other new pleasure boat, built frigate-like, and one of the Duke of York's (age 27); the wager £100; the race from Greenwich [Map] to Gravesend [Map] and back. The King (age 31) lost it going, the wind being contrary, but saved stakes in returning. There were divers noble persons and lords on board, his Majesty (age 31) sometimes steering himself. His barge and kitchen boat attended. I brake fast this morning with the King (age 31) at return in his smaller vessel, he being pleased to take me and only four more, who were noblemen, with him; but dined in his yacht, where we all ate together with his Majesty (age 31). In this passage he was pleased to discourse to me about my book inveighing against the nuisance of the smoke of London, and proposing expedients how, by removing those particulars I mentioned, it might be reformed; commanding me to prepare a Bill against the next session of Parliament, being, as he said, resolved to have something done in it. Then he discoursed to me of the improvement of gardens and buildings, now very rare in England comparatively to other countries. He then commanded me to draw up the matter of fact happening at the bloody encounter which then had newly happened between the French and Spanish Ambassadors near the Tower, contending for precedency, at the reception of the Swedish Ambassador; giving me orders to consult Sir William Compton (age 36), Master of the Ordnance, to inform me of what he knew of it, and with his favorite, Sir Charles Berkeley (age 31), captain of the Duke's life guard, then present with his troop and three foot companies; with some other reflections and instructions, to be prepared with a declaration to take off the reports which went about of his Majesty's (age 31) partiality in the affairs, and of his officers' and spectators' rudeness while the conflict lasted. So I came home that night, and went next morning to London, where from the officers of the Tower [Map], Sir William Compton (age 36), Sir Charles Berkeley (age 31), and others who were attending at this meeting of the Ambassadors three days before, having collected what I could, I drew up a Narrative in vindication of his Majesty (age 31), and the carriage of his officers and standers-by.

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On 01 Oct 1678 John Churchill 1st Duke Marlborough (age 28) and Sarah Jennings Duchess Marlborough (age 18) were married.

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Evelyn's Diary. 01 Oct 1678. The Parliament and the whole Nation were alarmed about a conspiracy of some eminent Papists for the destruction of the King (age 48) and introduction of Popery, discovered by one Oates (age 29) and Dr. Tongue, WHICH LAST I KNEW, BEING THE TRANSLATOR OF THE "Jesuits' Morals"; I went to see and converse with him at Whitehall, with Mr. Oates (age 29), one that was lately an apostate to the church of Rome, and now returned again with this discovery. He seemed to be a bold man, and, in my thoughts, furiously indiscreet; but everybody believed what he said; and it quite changed the genius and motions of the Parliament, growing now corrupt and interested with long sitting and court practices; but, with all this, Popery would not go down. This discovery turned them all as one man against it, and nothing was done but to find out the depth of this. Oates (age 29) was encouraged, and everything he affirmed taken for gospel; the truth is, the Roman Catholics were exceedingly bold and busy everywhere, since the Duke (age 27) forbore to go any longer to the chapel.


On 01 Oct 1719 John Bligh 3rd Earl Darnley was born to John Bligh 1st Earl Darnley (age 32) and Theodosia Hyde (age 23).

On 01 Oct 1727 Gertrude Pierrepont Marchioness Halifax died. She was buried with her husband George Savile 1st Marquess Halifax in the North Aisle of the Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey [Map].

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On 01 Oct 1734 Donough Maccarthy 4th Earl Clancarty (age 66) died at Hamburg.


On 01 Oct 1766 Gustav III King Sweden (age 20) and Queen Sophia of Sweden (age 20) were married. She the daughter of Frederick V King Denmark and Norway and Louise Hanover Queen Consort Denmark and Norway. He the son of Adolph Frederick King Sweden (age 56) and Louisa Ulrika of Prussia Queen Consort of Sweden (age 46). They were second cousins. He a great grandson of King George I of Great Britain and Ireland. She a granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.


On 01 Oct 1778 Washington Shirley 5th Earl Ferrers (age 56) died without issue. His brother Robert Shirley 6th Earl Ferrers (age 55) succeeded 6th Earl Ferrers, 12th Baronet Shirley of Staunton Harold in Leicestershire. Catherine Cotton Countess Ferrers by marriage Countess Ferrers.

01 Oct 1819. St Oswald's Church, Brereton [Map]. Monument to Reverend W Fell, Rector of St Oswald's Church, Brereton [Map] from 1807 to 1819.

On 01 Oct 1822 Anthony Hamond of High House in West Acre (age 80) died. On 21 Dec 1806 Sarah Case (age 60) died. Memorial in All Saints Church, West Acre [Map] sculpted by Joseph Theakston (age 50).

Anthony Hamond of High House in West Acre: In 1742 he was born to Robert Hamond. Before 21 Dec 1806 Anthony Hamond of High House in West Acre (age 64) and Sarah Case (age 60) were married.

Sarah Case: Around 1746 she was born to Philip Case of King's Lynn.

On 01 Oct 1869 Samuel Waldegrave Bishop of Carlisle (age 50) died at his residence Rose Castle, Dalston, Cumberland. Monument in Carlisle Cathedral [Map] sculpted by John Adams Acton (age 38).

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On 01 Oct 1892 Allen Bathurst 6th Earl Bathurst (age 59) died. His son Seymour Bathurst 7th Earl Bathurst (age 28) succeeded 7th Earl Bathurst of Bathurst in Sussex.

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On 01 Oct 1915 Major Peter Stuart Bligh 10th Earl of Darnley was born to Esme Ivo Bligh 9th Earl of Darnley (age 28) and Daphne Rachel Mulholland.

Battle of Loos

Around 01 Oct 1915 Clement Freeman-Mitford was killed in action at the Battle of Loos.

After 01 Oct 1915. St Peter and St Paul's Church, Rock [Map]. Memorial to Bombadier Frederick Charles Bird of the Royal Field Artillery.

On 01 Oct 1918 Evelyn Boscawen 7th Viscount Falmouth (age 71) died. His son Evelyn Hugh Boscawen 8th Viscount Falmouth (age 31) succeeded 8th Viscount Falmouth 2C 1720. Mary Margaret Desiree Meynell Viscountess Falmouth (age 23) by marriage Viscountess Falmouth.

On 01 Oct 1964 Myles Christopher David Robertson 12th Baron Wharton was born to Henry MacLeod Robertson (age 31) and Ziki Robertson 11th Baroness Wharton (age 30).

On 01 Oct 1997 Charles James Fitzroy 6th Baron Southampton (age 69) and Alma Pasqual Slater Baroness Southampton were married. She by marriage Baroness Southampton.