On this Day in History ... 3rd February

03 Feb is in February.

1014 Death of King Sweyn "Forkbeard"

1134 Death of Robert Curthouse

1388 Merciless Parliament

1399 Death of John of Gaunt

1470 Welles' Rebellion and Battle of Losecoat Field aka Empingham

1537 Execution of the Fitzgeralds

1544 Wyatt's Rebellion

1624 Happy Parliament

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 3rd February

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 1014. This year King Sweyne (age 54) ended his days at Candlemas, the third day before the nones of February; and the same year Elfwy, Bishop of York, was consecrated in London, on the festival of St. Juliana. The fleet all chose Knute (age 19) for king; whereupon advised all the counsellors of England, clergy and laity, that they should send after King Ethelred (age 48); saying, that no sovereign was dearer to them than their natural lord, if he would govern them better than he did before. Then sent the king hither his son Edward, with his messengers; who had orders to greet all his people, saying that he would be their faithful lord-would better each of those things that they disliked-and that each of the things should be forgiven which had been either done or said against him; provided they all unanimously, without treachery, turned to him. Then was full friendship established, in word and in deed and in compact, on either side. And every Danish king they proclaimed an outlaw for ever from England. Then came King Ethelred (age 48) home, in Lent, to his own people; and he was gladly received by them all. Meanwhile, after the death of Sweyne (age 54), sat Knute (age 19) with his army in Gainsborough [Map] until Easter; and it was agreed between him and the people of Lindsey, that they should supply him with horses, and afterwards go out all together and plunder. But King Ethelred (age 48) with his full force came to Lindsey before they were ready; and they plundered and burned, and slew all the men that they could reach. Knute (age 19), the son of Sweyne (age 54), went out with his fleet (so were the wretched people deluded by him), and proceeded southward until he came to Sandwich, Kent [Map]. There he landed the hostages that were given to his father, and cut off their hands and ears and their noses. Besides all these evils, the king ordered a tribute to the army that lay at Greenwich, Kent [Map], of 21,000 pounds. This year, on the eve of St. Michael's day, came the great sea-flood, which spread wide over this land, and ran so far up as it never did before, overwhelming many towns, and an innumerable multitude of people.

On 03 Feb 1014 Sweyn "Forkbeard" King Denmark King Norway King England (age 54) died. His son Harald King Denmark succeeded King Denmark. There was a dispute as to who succeeded to the Kingdom of England with some supporting King Æthelred "Unready" II of England (age 48) and some King Canute of England (age 19).

On 03 Feb 1134 Robert Curthose III Duke Normandy (age 83) died at Cardiff Castle having spent twenty-eight years in captivity. He was buried at Gloucester Cathedral [Map].

On 03 Feb 1276 Edmund "Crouchback" Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Lancaster (age 31) and Blanche Capet Queen Navarre (age 28) were married. She by marriage Countess Lancaster. She the daughter of Robert Capet Count of Artois and Matilda Reginar Countess Saint Pol (age 52). He the son of King Henry III of England and Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England (age 53). They were second cousin once removed. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

On 03 Feb 1338 Joanna Bourbon Queen Consort France was born to Peter Bourbon Duke Bourbon (age 27) and Isabella Valois Duchess Bourbon (age 25). She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Henry III of England. Coefficient of inbreeding 2.38%.

On 03 Feb 1388 the Merciless Parliament commenced. It ended on 04 Jun 1388. Its primary function was to prosecute members of the Court of King Richard II of England (age 21). The term "Merciless" is contemporary having been coined by the chronicler Henry Knighton.

Michael de la Pole 1st Earl Suffolk (age 58) was sentenced to be hanged, drawn and quartered in his absence. He had escaped to France.

Archbishop Alexander Neville (age 47) was found guilty of treason and it was determined to imprison him for life in Rochester Castle, Kent [Map]. He fled to Louvain [Map] where he became a parish priest for the remainder of his life.

On 19 Feb 1388 Robert Tresilian was hanged naked and his throat cut. See Chronicle of Adam of Usk.

On 25 Mar 1388 Nicholas Brembre was hanged. He was buried at Christ Church Greyfriars [Map].

On 05 May 1388 Simon Burley (age 48) was executed despite the protestations of his friend Edmund of Langley 1st Duke of York (age 46). See Chronicle of Adam of Usk.

On 12 May 1388 John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp (age 69) was beheaded at Tower Hill [Map]. He was buried at Worcester Cathedral [Map]. Baron Beauchamp of Kidderminster forfeit.

Robert de Vere 1st Duke Ireland (age 26) was attainted.

On 03 Feb 1399 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster (age 58) died at Leicester Castle [Map]. Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster (age 48) was by his side. He was buried in the Choir of St Paul's Cathedral [Map] with his first wife Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster. His son King Henry IV of England (age 31) succeeded 2nd Duke Lancaster, 7th Earl of Leicester.

King Richard II of England (age 32) witheld the future Henry IV's (age 31) inheritance from him giving Henry (age 31) reason to return to England to claim his lands and titles.

Before 03 Feb 1470 Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby 8th Baron Welles attacked Gainsborough Old Hall, Lincolnshire [Map] home of Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh (age 39), a senior Yorkist, Edward IV's (age 27) Master of the Horse. It isn't known whether this attack was a consequence of local or national issues. King Edward IV of England (age 27) summoned Robert's father Richard Welles 7th Baron Welles, Baron Willoughby (age 42) and uncle-in-law Thomas Dymoke (age 42) (married to Margaret Welles (age 38) sister of Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby 8th Baron Welles) to London. Both initially went into Sanctuary, Westminster Abbey [Map] but were pardoned on 03 Mar 1470.

On 03 Feb 1492 Bishop William Smyth (age 32) was consecrated Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry by Cardinal John Morton (age 72).

On 03 Feb 1537 six members of the Fitzgerald family, nephew and five uncles, Thomas "Silken" Fitzgerald 10th Earl of Kildare (age 24), James Fitzgerald (age 41), Oliver Fitzgerald (age 41), Richard Fitzgerald, John Fitzgerald and Walter Fitzgerald (age 41) were executed at Tyburn [Map].

Hall's Chronicle 1537. 03 Feb 1537. The third day of February was Thomas Fitz Garrad (age 24) late Earl of Kildare and five of his uncles drawn, hanged and quartered at Tiborne [Map] for high treason.

Chronicle of Greyfriars. 03 Feb 1537. Also the 3rd day of February [1537] the lorde Fitzgerald (age 24) with his five uncles of Ireland - these were their names, Thomas lorde Fytzgerald (age 24), sir James Fitzgerald (age 41), sir John Fitzgerald, sir Richard Fitzgerald lord of St. Ines in Ireland, Sir Oliver Fitzgerald (age 41), and sir Walter Fitzgerald (age 41) drawn from the tower unto Tyburn [Map], and there all hanged and beheaded and quartered, save the lorde Thomas (age 24), for he was but hanged and headed and his body buried at the Cross Friars [Map] in the choir, and the quarters with their heades set up about the city.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 03 Feb 1544. The iij day of Feybruarii was a proclamacyon that who so ever do take ser Thomas Wyatt (age 23), exsept Harper, Ysseley (age 44), and Rudston (age 29), shuld have C. lb. land to ym and ys heirs for ever.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 03 Feb 1544. The iij day of Feybruary cam in to Sowthwarke [Map] ser Thomas Wyatt (age 23) and odur captaynes at after-none with ys army; and the morow after thay mayd trenchys in dyvers parts and dyvers placys, with ordenanse.

On 03 Feb 1614 Robert Ker 1st Earl Roxburghe (age 44) and Jean Drummond Countess Roxburghe (age 29) were married at Somerset House [Map]. She, Jean, was the sister of his son-in-law John Drummond 2nd Earl Perth (age 26) who had married his daughter Jean Ker Countess Perth. The wedding was attended by the King (age 47) and Queen (age 39). There was a masque Hymen's Triumph written by Samuel Daniel.

On 03 Feb 1624 Henry Mildmay (age 31) was elected MP Westbury.

Evelyn's Diary. 03 Feb 1644. The Palaise, as they call the upper part, was built in the time of Philip the Fair, noble and spacious. The great Hall annexed to it, is arched with stone, having a range of pillars in the middle, round which, and at the sides, are shops of all kinds, especially booksellers'. One side is full of pews for the clerks of the advocates, who swarm here (as ours at Westminster). At one of the ends stands an altar, at which mass is said daily. Within are several chambers, courts, treasuries, etc. Above that is the most rich and glorious Salle d'Audience, the chamber of St. Louis, and other superior Courts where the Parliament sits, richly gilt on embossed carvings and frets, and exceedingly beautified.

On 03 Feb 1649 Mary Offley was born to John Offley (age 29) and Mary Broughton (age 27).

Pepy's Diary. 03 Feb 1664. In Covent Garden [Map] to-night, going to fetch home my wife, I stopped at the great Coffee-house' there, where I never was before; where Dryden (age 32) the poet (I knew at Cambridge), and all the wits of the town, and Harris (age 30) the player, and Mr. Hoole of our College. And had I had time then, or could at ether times, it will be good coming thither, for there, I perceive, is very witty and pleasant discourse. But I could not tarry, and as it was late, they were all ready to go away.

On 03 Feb 1830 Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil 3rd Marquess Salisbury was born to James Brownlow William Gascoyne-Cecil 2nd Marquess Salisbury (age 38) and Frances Mary Gascoyne Marchioness Salisbury (age 24).

After 03 Feb 1830. Monument in Church of St Oswald, Methley [Map] to John Savile 2nd Earl Mexborough (deceased).

On 03 Feb 1853 Augustus Henry Fox Pitt-Rivers (age 25) and Alice Margaret Stanley (age 25) were married. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland.

The Times. 03 Feb 1866. Her Majesty (age 46) drove out yesterday morning and afternoon. Mr. Engleheart arrived at Osborne on Thursday, and had the honour of dining with Her Majesty (age 46) and the Royal family yesterday. The Queen (age 46) held a Council today, which was attended by Earl Russell (age 73), Earl de Grey and Ripon (age 38), and Mr. Guschen.

Mr. Helps was Clerk of the Council.

Earl Cowley (age 61), Viscount Sydney (age 60), and Sir Charles Young (age 70), Garter, arrived from London this morning. Lord Cowley (age 61) was introduced by Lord Sydney (age 60), Lord Chamberlain (Sir Charles Young (age 70) attending with the insignia of the Order of the Garter), and Her Majesty (age 46) invested Lord Cowley (age 61) with the Riband and Badge of the Garter.

Earl Russell (age 73) and Earl de Grey (age 38) had audiences of Her Majesty (age 46).

Note. On 03 Feb 1866 Henry Richard Charles Wellesley 1st Earl Cowley (age 61) was appointed 747th Knight of the Garter by Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom (age 46).

On 03 Feb 1910 James Forsyth (age 82) died. He was buried at Hampstead Cemetery.

After 03 Feb 1911. Church of the Holy Trinity Embleton [Map]. Memorial to brothers George Grey (deceased) and Charles Grey (age 37).

George Grey: On 14 Jul 1866 he was born to Lieutenant Colonel George Henry Grey and Harriet Jane Pearson at Fallodon Hall. On 03 Feb 1911 George Grey died at Nairobi.

Charles Grey: On 23 Aug 1873 he was born to Lieutenant Colonel George Henry Grey and Harriet Jane Pearson at Fallodon Hall. On 28 Sep 1928 Charles Grey died at Tabora.

Births on the 3rd February

On 03 Feb 1267 Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl of Arundel was born to John Fitzalan 7th Earl of Arundel (age 20) and Isabella Mortimer Countess Arundel. He a great x 3 grandson of King John "Lackland" of England.

On 03 Feb 1281 Gilbert de Clare was born to Thomas de Clare (age 36) and Juliana Fitzgerald (age 14). He a great x 3 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

Around 03 Feb 1281 James Bohun was born to John Bohun (age 33).

On 03 Feb 1296 Elizabeth Umfraville was born to Henry Umfraville (age 29).

On 03 Feb 1338 Joanna Bourbon Queen Consort France was born to Peter Bourbon Duke Bourbon (age 27) and Isabella Valois Duchess Bourbon (age 25). She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Henry III of England. Coefficient of inbreeding 2.38%.

On 03 Feb 1393 Henry Percy 2nd Earl of Northumberland was born to Henry "Hotspur" Percy (age 28) and Elizabeth Mortimer Baroness Camoys (age 21) at Alnwick Castle [Map]. He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III of England.

On 03 Feb 1512 John Hamilton ArchBishop of St Andrews was born illegitimately to James Hamilton 1st Earl Arran (age 37).

On 03 Feb 1513 Maria Aviz was born to Manuel "Fortunate" I King Portugal (age 43) and Maria Trastámara Queen Consort Portugal (age 31). Coefficient of inbreeding 8.38%.

On 03 Feb 1537 Lucia Hohenzollern was born to Albert "The Elder" Hohenzollern I Duke Prussia (age 46) and Dorothea Oldenburg (age 32). Coefficient of inbreeding 1.98%.

On 03 Feb 1649 Mary Offley was born to John Offley (age 29) and Mary Broughton (age 27).

On 03 Feb 1677 Dent Knightley was born to Lucius Knightley (age 53) and Elizabeth Dent (age 44).

On 03 Feb 1699 John Stewart 6th Earl Traquair was born to Charles Stewart 4th Earl Traquair (age 40) and Mary Maxwell Countess Traquair (age 28). Coefficient of inbreeding 1.83%.

On 03 Feb 1731 Francis Eliott 5th Baronet was born to John Eliott 4th Baronet (age 25). He was baptised at St George's Church, Hanover Square on 28 Feb 1731.

On 03 Feb 1801 William Edwardes 3rd Baron Kensington was born to William Edwardes 2nd Baron Kensington (age 23) and Dorothy Patricia Thomas Baroness Kensington.

On 03 Feb 1807 William Henry Wentworth Atkins-Bowyer was born to William Atkins Bowyer (age 28).

On 03 Feb 1808 Marie Saxe Weimar Eisenach was born.

On 03 Feb 1809 Felix Mendelssohn was born.

On 03 Feb 1824 Arthur George St John-Mildmay was born to Captain Edward St John-Mildmay (age 26).

On 03 Feb 1830 Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil 3rd Marquess Salisbury was born to James Brownlow William Gascoyne-Cecil 2nd Marquess Salisbury (age 38) and Frances Mary Gascoyne Marchioness Salisbury (age 24).

On 03 Feb 1830 Grenville Leofric Temple 11th Baronet was born to Grenville Temple 10th Baronet (age 30) and Mary Baring (age 18).

On 03 Feb 1831 Henry Wilmot 5th Baronet was born to Henry Sacheverell Wilmot 4th Baronet (age 30) and Maria Mundy (age 23).

On 03 Feb 1840 Cécile Anspach was born.

On 03 Feb 1849 Alice Sophia Cunningham Lady Acland was born to Reverend Francis Macaulay Cunningham.

On 03 Feb 1866 Francis Hope Pelham-Clinton-Hope 8th Duke Newcastle-under-Lyme was born to Henry Pelham Alexander Pelham-Clinton 6th Duke Newcastle-under-Lyme (age 32) and Henrietta Adela Hope Duchess Newcastle under Lyne (age 23).

On 03 Feb 1877 Charles Nugent Hope-Wallace was born to John George Frederick Hope-Wallace (age 37).

On 03 Feb 1879 Adela Mary Charlotte Trefusis was born to Colonel Walter Rodolph Trefusis (age 41) and Mary Charlotte Montagu-Douglas-Scott (age 27). Coefficient of inbreeding 1.69%.

On 03 Feb 1886 Bishop Leslie Owen was born.

On 03 Feb 1901 Rosamond Nina Lehmann was born.

On 03 Feb 1904 Roger Makins 1st Baron Sherfield was born.

On 03 Feb 1982 Sebastian Edward Seymour was born to John Michael Edward Seymour 19th Duke of Somerset (age 29) and Judith Rose Hull Duchess Somerset.

Marriages on the 3rd February

On 03 Feb 1112 Raymond Berenguer Barcelona III Count Barcelona (age 29) and Douce Gevaudan Countess Barcelona (age 22) were married. She by marriage Countess Barcelona. He the son of Ramon Berenguer "Towhead" Barcelona II Count Barcelona.

On 03 Feb 1276 Edmund "Crouchback" Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Lancaster (age 31) and Blanche Capet Queen Navarre (age 28) were married. She by marriage Countess Lancaster. She the daughter of Robert Capet Count of Artois and Matilda Reginar Countess Saint Pol (age 52). He the son of King Henry III of England and Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England (age 53). They were second cousin once removed. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

Before 03 Feb 1380 John Dynham (age 21) and Eleanor Montagu (age 22) were married. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

Before 03 Feb 1388 Henry Ferrers 4th Baron Ferrers of Groby (age 32) and Joan Poynings Baroness Ferrers Groby (age 32) were married. She by marriage Baroness Ferrers of Groby. They were fourth cousins. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

On 03 Feb 1614 Robert Ker 1st Earl Roxburghe (age 44) and Jean Drummond Countess Roxburghe (age 29) were married at Somerset House [Map]. She, Jean, was the sister of his son-in-law John Drummond 2nd Earl Perth (age 26) who had married his daughter Jean Ker Countess Perth. The wedding was attended by the King (age 47) and Queen (age 39). There was a masque Hymen's Triumph written by Samuel Daniel.

Before 03 Feb 1649 John Offley (age 29) and Mary Broughton (age 27) were married.

On 03 Feb 1666 Edward Hungerford (age 33) and Jane Culme (age 29) were married.

On 03 Feb 1692 John Chaplin (age 35) and Frances Archer Lady Rouse (age 34) were married.

On 03 Feb 1702 Henry Fermor of St Margaret's Westminster and Elizabeth Harby Baroness Reade (age 41) were married at All Hallows Staining Church Langbourn Ward.

Before 03 Feb 1809 John George Monson 4th Baron Monson (age 24) and Sarah Elizabeth Savile Countess Warwick (age 22) were married. She the daughter of John Savile 2nd Earl Mexborough (age 47) and Elizabeth Stephenson Countess Mexborough (age 47).

On 03 Feb 1853 Augustus Henry Fox Pitt-Rivers (age 25) and Alice Margaret Stanley (age 25) were married. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 03 Feb 1857 Lionel Milborne-Swinnerton-Pilkington 11th Baronet (age 21) and Isabella Elizabeth Georgiana Kinleside Lady Milborne-Swinnerton-Pilkington were married. Isabella Elizabeth Georgiana Kinleside Lady Milborne-Swinnerton-Pilkington by marriage Lady Milborne-Swinnerton-Pilkington of Stanley in Yorkshire.

On 03 Feb 1869 John Henry Thorold 12th Baronet (age 26) and Alexandrina Henrietta Matilda Willoughby (age 24) were married.

On 03 Feb 1876 Algernon Charles Fountaine (age 24) and Mary Fountaine (age 28) were married by which Narford Ha was retained by the Fountaine family. They were first cousins.

On 03 Feb 1887 Gerald William Henry Codrington 1st Baronet (age 37) and Edith Henrietta Sybil Denison Lady Codrington (age 22) were married. She by marriage Lady Codrington of Dodington. She the daughter of William Henry Forester Denison 1st Earl Londesborough (age 52) and Edith Somerset Countess Londesborough (age 48). They were half first cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 03 Feb 1903 Herbert Archer Croft 10th Baronet (age 34) and Katharine Agnes Parr Lady Croft (age 24) were married. She by marriage Lady Croft of Croft Castle in Herefordshire.

On 03 Feb 1910 William Francis Wyndham (age 37) and Maud Eleanor Joliffe (age 36) were married.

On 03 Feb 1919 Victor Alexander Herbert Huia Onslow (age 28) and Muriel Wheldale (age 38) were married. He the son of William Onslow 4th Earl Onslow and Florence Coulston Gardner Countess Onslow (age 65).

On 03 Feb 1927 Major Anthony Ashley-Cooper (age 26) and Sylvia Hawkes (age 22) were married. He the son of Anthony Ashley-Cooper 9th Earl of Shaftesbury (age 57) and Constance Grosvenor Countess of Shaftesbury (age 51).

On 03 Feb 1951 Charles Fitzroy 5th Baron Southampton (age 47) and Rachel Christine Zaman Baroness Southampton were married. She by marriage Baroness Southampton.

Deaths on the 3rd February

On 03 Feb 994 William "Proud Arm" IV Duke Aquitaine (age 57) died. His son William "Great" V Duke Aquitaine (age 25) succeeded V Duke Aquitaine.

On 03 Feb 1014 Sweyn "Forkbeard" King Denmark King Norway King England (age 54) died. His son Harald King Denmark succeeded King Denmark. There was a dispute as to who succeeded to the Kingdom of England with some supporting King Æthelred "Unready" II of England (age 48) and some King Canute of England (age 19).

On 03 Feb 1134 Robert Curthose III Duke Normandy (age 83) died at Cardiff Castle having spent twenty-eight years in captivity. He was buried at Gloucester Cathedral [Map].

In 03 Feb 1168 Hugh Toucy Archbishop Sens died.

On 03 Feb 1245 Isabel de Bolebec Countess of Oxford (age 71) died.

On 03 Feb 1271 William Zouche (age 57) died at Norton, Northamptonshire [Map].

On 03 Feb 1290 Henry Wittelsbach I Duke Lower Bavaria I Duke Bavaria (age 54) died. His son Otto Wittelsbach III Duke Bavaria (age 28) succeeded III Duke Bavaria.

On 03 Feb 1327 Henry "The Gentle" Habsburg (age 28) died.

On 03 Feb 1343 William Ros 2nd Baron Ros Helmsley (age 58) died. He was buried at Kirkham Priory North Yorkshire [Map]. His son William Ros 3rd Baron Ros Helmsley (age 13) succeeded 3rd Baron Ros Helmsley and inherited Belvoir Castle [Map]. Margaret Neville (age 13) by marriage Baroness Ros Helmsley.

On 03 Feb 1388 the Merciless Parliament commenced. It ended on 04 Jun 1388. Its primary function was to prosecute members of the Court of King Richard II of England (age 21). The term "Merciless" is contemporary having been coined by the chronicler Henry Knighton.

Michael de la Pole 1st Earl Suffolk (age 58) was sentenced to be hanged, drawn and quartered in his absence. He had escaped to France.

Archbishop Alexander Neville (age 47) was found guilty of treason and it was determined to imprison him for life in Rochester Castle, Kent [Map]. He fled to Louvain [Map] where he became a parish priest for the remainder of his life.

On 19 Feb 1388 Robert Tresilian was hanged naked and his throat cut. See Chronicle of Adam of Usk.

On 25 Mar 1388 Nicholas Brembre was hanged. He was buried at Christ Church Greyfriars [Map].

On 05 May 1388 Simon Burley (age 48) was executed despite the protestations of his friend Edmund of Langley 1st Duke of York (age 46). See Chronicle of Adam of Usk.

On 12 May 1388 John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp (age 69) was beheaded at Tower Hill [Map]. He was buried at Worcester Cathedral [Map]. Baron Beauchamp of Kidderminster forfeit.

Robert de Vere 1st Duke Ireland (age 26) was attainted.

On 03 Feb 1399 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster (age 58) died at Leicester Castle [Map]. Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster (age 48) was by his side. He was buried in the Choir of St Paul's Cathedral [Map] with his first wife Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster. His son King Henry IV of England (age 31) succeeded 2nd Duke Lancaster, 7th Earl of Leicester.

King Richard II of England (age 32) witheld the future Henry IV's (age 31) inheritance from him giving Henry (age 31) reason to return to England to claim his lands and titles.

On 03 Feb 1436 Agnes Crophull (age 65) died.

After 03 Feb 1462 Joan Ogle (age 52) died.

On 03 Feb 1475 Jan IV Count of Nassau (age 64) died.

On 03 Feb 1480 Katherine Granville died in Stowe, Cornwall.

On 03 Feb 1513 Maria Aviz died.

On 03 Feb 1537 six members of the Fitzgerald family, nephew and five uncles, Thomas "Silken" Fitzgerald 10th Earl of Kildare (age 24), James Fitzgerald (age 41), Oliver Fitzgerald (age 41), Richard Fitzgerald, John Fitzgerald and Walter Fitzgerald (age 41) were executed at Tyburn [Map].

On 03 Feb 1562 George Geise of Gdańsk (age 64) died.

On 03 Feb 1585 Anne Talbot Baroness Braye and Wharton (age 61) died.

On 03 Feb 1599 William Spring (age 66) died.

On 03 Feb 1609 Ferdinando I de Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany (age 59) died.

On 03 Feb 1609 James Hay (age 45) died. His son John Hay 1st Earl Tweeddale (age 16) succeeded 8th Lord Hay of Yester.

On 03 Feb 1628 George Reresby (age 41) died.

On 03 Feb 1678 Richard Hoghton 3rd Baronet (age 62) died. His son Charles Hoghton 4th Baronet (age 34) succeeded 4th Baronet Hoghton of Hoghton Tower in Lancashire.

On 03 Feb 1682 Simon Yorke of Dover (age 77) died.

On 03 Feb 1683 Randall MacDonnell 1st Marquess Antrim (age 73) died. Marquess of Antrim 1C extinct. His brother Alexander Macdonnell 3rd Earl Antrim (age 68) succeeded 3rd Earl Antrim 1C. Helena Burke Countess Antrim by marriage Countess Antrim 1C.

On 03 Feb 1685 Edward Walpole of Houghton (age 60) died.

On 03 Feb 1694 John Reade 1st Baronet (age 78) died. He was buried on 06 Feb 1694 in the Brocket Chapel at St Elthreda's Church, Bishop's Hatfield. His son James Reade 2nd Baronet (age 38) succeeded 2nd Baronet Reade of Brocket Hall in Hertfordshire. Love Dring Lady Reade (age 39) by marriage Lady Reade of Brocket Hall in Hertfordshire.

On 03 Feb 1714 Charles Tyrrell 2nd Baronet (age 54) died. His son John Tyrrell 3rd Baronet (age 29) succeeded 3rd Baronet Tyrrell of Springfield.

On 03 Feb 1718 Francis Robartes (age 68) died.

On 03 Feb 1718 Arthur Chichester 3rd Baronet (age 59) died. His son John Chichester 4th Baronet (age 30) succeeded 4th Baronet Chichester of Raleigh in Devon.

On 03 Feb 1730 Reverend John Disney (age 52) died.

On 03 Feb 1731 John Rous 3rd Baronet (age 53) died. His brother Robert Rous 4th Baronet (age 44) succeeded 4th Baronet Stradbrooke of Henham in Suffolk.

On 03 Feb 1735 Count Palatine Christian III of Zweibrücken (age 60) died.

On 03 Feb 1738 Thomas Needham 9th Viscount Kilmorey (age 34) died.

On 03 Feb 1739 Frances Manners (age 13) died.

On 03 Feb 1769 Frances Hales Countess Lichfield (age 72) died.

On 03 Feb 1794 Francis Burdett (age 50) died.

On 03 Feb 1804 Edward Blackett 4th Baronet (age 84) died. His son William Blackett 5th Baronet (age 44) succeeded 5th Baronet Blackett of Newcastle in Northumberland.

On 03 Feb 1810 John La Touche (age 78) died.

On 03 Feb 1812 Frances "Begum Johnson" Croke (age 86) died.

On 03 Feb 1816 Eleanor Assheton Viscountess Wilton (age 63) died.

On 03 Feb 1818 Catherine Cholmley (age 66) died. Robert Grimes inherited Whitby Manor.

On 03 Feb 1824 Jane Fleming Countess Harrington (age 68) died at St James's Palace [Map].

On 03 Feb 1825 James Erskine (age 52) died at Dover Street.

On 03 Feb 1829 Margaret Emma Kenyon died.

On 03 Feb 1834 William Jervis Twysden 7th Baronet (age 73) died. His son William Twysden 8th Baronet (age 45) succeeded 8th Baronet Twysden of Roydon in Kent.

On 03 Feb 1838 Major George Hervey (age 35) died.

On 03 Feb 1842 George Shiffner 1st Baronet (age 79) died. His son Henry Shiffner 2nd Baronet (age 52) succeeded 2nd Baronet Shiffner of Coombe in Sussex.

On 03 Feb 1844 Frederick Ponsonby 3rd Earl Bessborough (age 86) died. His son John Ponsonby 4th Earl Bessborough (age 62) succeeded 4th Earl Bessborough.

On 03 Feb 1845 Louisa Peyto Verney (age 66) died.

On 03 Feb 1848 Matilda Lockwood (age 84) died.

On 03 Feb 1849 Sophia Curzon (age 70) died. She was buried at Breedon on the Hill, Leicestershire.

On 03 Feb 1855 Villiers Somerset (age 51) died.

On 03 Feb 1858 Vice-Admiral William Gordon (age 73) died.

On 03 Feb 1873 Louisa Arabella Hastings died.

On 03 Feb 1877 Emily Charlotte Mary Ponsonby (age 59) died.

On 03 Feb 1881 John Benn Walsh 1st Baron Ormathwaite (age 82) died. His son Arthur Walsh 2nd Baron Ormathwaite (age 53) succeeded 2nd Baron Ormathwaite of Ormathwaite in Cumberland. Katherine Somerset Baroness Ormathwaite (age 46) by marriage Baroness Ormathwaite of Ormathwaite in Cumberland.

On 03 Feb 1882 Adelaide Emelina Caroline Vane (age 52) died.

On 03 Feb 1892 Jane Arbuthnot Viscountess Gough (age 75) died.

On 03 Feb 1894 Frederick John Ponsonby (age 56) died.

On 03 Feb 1895 Julia Langston Countess Ducie (age 65) died.

On 03 Feb 1903 Marianne Georgiana Dashwood died.

The Times. 04 Feb 1905.

We have to announce the death of Florence, Marchioness of Hastings (age 62), wife of Sir George Chetwynd, Bart., which took place on Sunday morning at Long Walk House, Windsor, after a few days' illness. The funeral will take place at Grendon, Atherstone, on Thursday next, at 2 o'clock.

Note. On 03 Feb 1907 Florence Cecilia Paget Marchioness Hastings (age 64) died.

On 03 Feb 1907 Victoria Sybil Mary Grey (age 28) died at Ottawa.

On 03 Feb 1908 Richard Horner Paget 1st Baronet (age 75) died. His son Richard Arthur Surtees Paget 2nd Baronet (age 39) succeeded 2nd Baronet Paget of Cranmore Hall in Somerset.

On 03 Feb 1910 James Forsyth (age 82) died. He was buried at Hampstead Cemetery.

On 03 Feb 1911 George Grey (age 44) died at Nairobi.

On 03 Feb 1919 Maria Theresa of Austria-Este (age 69) died.

On 03 Feb 1931 Helen Vivien Gould Baroness Decies (age 37) died.

On 03 Feb 1953 Mary Augusta Plumptre (age 79) died.

On 03 Feb 2008 Philip Frankland-Payne-Gallwey 6th Baronet (age 72) died.