On this Day in History ... 4th February

04 Feb is in February.

1194 Richard I Released

1397 Legitimation of the Beauforts

1400 Epiphany Rising

1495 Edward IV's Daughter's Marriages

1520 Marriage of William Carey and Mary Boleyn

1555 Protestant Executions

1685 Death and Burial of Charles II

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 4th February

On 04 Feb 1194 King Richard "Lionheart" I of England (age 36) was released from his captivity; his mother Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks and England (age 72) having brought the ransom of 100,000 pounds of silver. On release King Philip II of France (age 28) is said to have sent a message to the future King John (age 27) "Look to yourself; the devil is loose".

Calendars. 04 Feb 1397. 28. Be it remembered that on Tuesday, the fifteenth day of the parliament [4 February 1397], the chancellor (age 53), by order of the king (age 30), declared that our holy father the pope, in reverence of the most excellent person of the king (age 30) and his honourable uncle the duke of Guyenne and of Lancaster (age 56), and of his blood, has enabled and legitimized my lord John Beaufort (age 24), his brothers [Note. Cardinal Henry Beaufort (age 22) and Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter (age 20)], and his sister (age 18). And therefore our lord the king, as sole ruler of his kingdom of England, for the honour of his blood, willed and enabled of his abundant royal power, and legitimized, of his own authority, the said John, his said brothers, and sister. And he also pronounced and published the ability and legitimation, according to the form of the charter of the king made thereon.


29. Which charter was read in full parliament, and delivered to the said duke (age 56), father of the said John, and his said brothers and sister; the tenor of which charter follows:

Richard (age 30), by the grace of God, king of England and France and lord of Ireland, to our most beloved kinsmen the noble John (age 24), knight, Henry (age 22), cleric, Thomas (age 20), donzel, and our beloved noblewoman Joan Beaufort (age 18), lady-in-waiting, our most beloved cousins born of our uncle that noble man John duke of Lancaster (age 56), our lieges, greeting and the goodwill of our royal majesty. While inwardly considering how endlessly and with how many honours of parental and sincere affection of our aforementioned uncle and of his mature counsel we are on all sides blessed, we have judged it appropriate and worthy that in consideration of his merits, and in contemplation of the grace of persons, we should endow you, who are resplendent with probity and virtuous life and conduct, and are born of royal stock and divinely marked with many virtues and gifts, with the protection of grace and favour by special prerogative. Thus it is that, yielding to the prayers of our said uncle, your father (age 56), we grant to you who, so it is claimed, have suffered such defect of birth, that, notwithstanding this defect, which, together with its various consequences, we wish to be fully included in these presents, you may nevertheless receive all honours, dignities, preferments, estates, degrees, and public and private offices, both perpetual and temporal, and feudal and noble rights, by whatsoever name they are called, such as duchies, lordships, earldoms, baronies, or whatsoever other fiefs they be, whether they be dependent upon or held of us mediately or intermediately, which may be preferred, promoted, elected, taken up and allowed, and received, retained, performed and exercised prudently, freely and lawfully, as if you were born in wedlock, notwithstanding any statutes or customs of our kingdom of England decreed or observed to the contrary; and we dispense you [from this defect] by the tenor of these presents, by the plenitude of our royal power and with the assent of our parliament; and we restore you and each of you to legitimacy.

On 04 Feb 1400 Bernard Brocas (age 46) was tried, and condemned to death, by Thomas Fitzalan 10th Earl of Surrey 12th Earl of Arundel (age 18) at Tower of London [Map] for his role in the Epiphany Rising having been captured in Cirencester, Gloucestershire [Map].

On 05 Feb 1400 Bernard Brocas (age 46) was beheaded at Tyburn [Map]. He was buried at the Chapel of St Edmund, Westminster Abbey [Map].

Chronicle of Gregory 1437. 04 Feb 1437. Ande the ix day of Feverer Quene Kateryn (deceased) aforesaid was broughte to Powlys [Map] yn London, and there sche hadde a solempne deryge ande a masse on the morne. And thenne she was hadde unto Westemyster. And the iij day aftyr she was worth ely enteryde and buryde in Oure Lady chapylle at Westemyster in the Abby; of whos soule God have mercy.

On 04 Feb 1495 Thomas Howard 3rd Duke of Norfolk (age 22) and Anne York (age 19) were married. She the daughter of King Edward IV of England and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England. He the son of Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk (age 52) and Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey (age 51).

On 04 Feb 1505 Joan Valois Queen Consort France (age 40) died.

On 04 Feb 1520 William Carey (age 20) and Mary Boleyn (age 21) were married. Around the time, possibly shortly after, Mary Boleyn (age 21) became mistress to King Henry VIII of England and Ireland (age 28) leading to speculation one or both of her children were fathered by Henry (age 28). She the daughter of Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde (age 43) and Elizabeth Howard Countess of Wiltshire and Ormonde (age 40). He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward III of England.

The evidence for Mary being Henry's mistress:

Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic. 20 Oct 1537. George Throckmorton letter relating to events around 1531 where Henry responds to an accusation that he had relationships with both Anne Boleyn's mother and sister "Never with the mother". Cromwell goes on the say never with the sister either.

Defense of the Unity of the Church Book III, 1536, letter from Cardinal Reginald Pole to King Henry VIII accusing him of double standards by attempting to annul his marriage with Queen Katherine on the basis of her having previously been married, albeit unconsummated, to Henry's brother Arthur, as a means to allow Henry to marry Anne Boleyn, with who sister Henry had had a carnal relationship.

1536 Letter from Ambassador Chapuys to the Emperor in which Chapuys writes "Others tell me that the said Archbishop had pronounced the marriage of the King and Concubine [Anne] invalid on account of the King having had connection with her sister [Mary].

Letters and Papers 1533. 04 Feb 1533. Cleopatra, E. IV. 28*. B. M. Ellis, 3 Ser. II. 245. 115. Ric. Lyst, lay brother among the Friars at Greenwich, to Anne Boleyn (age 32).

I wrote to you of a certain chance happened among us here, since which I have sent word thereof to the King and your father privily by Dr. Goodryche. I marvel that the matter is so slenderly looked upon as yet. I heard, more than a year ago, that the King was minded to move us from Greenwich to Christchurch in London, and make this place a college. I think it may be done without any offence against God or great note of the people, considering how some of our company have used themselves against God, the King, and you. If there had been a place of our religion in London, many inconveniences would have been avoided. It would be a meritorious deed if you could help to bring it to pass. I was in some trouble by reason of the piteous chance happened amongst us, and my trouble increases so, that I can scarcely take my natural rest two nights a week. If it continues I fear disease will ensue. I beseech you to pray for me, for I do daily for you. By God's grace and prayer I trust to have remedy, for I have some learning and intelligence. I have often spoken and answered in the King's cause and yours, for which I have suffered rebuke and trouble, but it has been rather comfort than otherwise, and so it should be to every true lover in the cause of his friend. I have often been called in derision your chaplain, but I have not yet taken priest's orders, though I intend to do so, and trust, within two years and less, to say 100 masses for your prosperous state, spiritual and corporal. I am now at liberty to be a priest, for a young woman to whom I was made sure by way of marriage before I came to religion, is departed to the mercy of God. I am 40s. in debt for clothes and other things necessary for my mother, but I am half ashamed and more to beg any more of you, because you have been so good to her in times past. Nevertheless, if it shall please you to remember her, the alms can be delivered either to Dr. Goodryche, one of the King's chaplains, or to Master Cole, sub-dean of the Chapel Royal. 4 Feb.

Hol., p. 1. Add.: "[To the mo]st onerabyll lady [marquesse] of Penbroke." Endd.

Foxe's Book of Martyrs. 04 Feb 1555. Now when the time came, that he, being delivered to the sheriffs, should be brought out of Newgate [Map] to Smithfield [Map], the place of his execution, first came to him Master Woodroofe, one of the aforesaid sheriffs, and calling Master Rogers (age 50) unto him, asked him if he would revoke his abominable doctrine, and his evil opinion of the sacrament of the altar. Master Rogers (age 50) answered and said, "That which I have preached I will seal with my blood." "Then," quoth Master Woodroofe, "thou art a heretic." "That shall be known," quoth Rogers, "at the day of judgment." "Well," quoth Master Woodroofe, "I will never pray for thee." "But I will pray for you," quoth Master Rogers: and so was brought the same day, which was Monday the fourth of February, by the sheriffs towards Smithfield, saying the psalm Miserere by the way, all the people wonderfully rejoicing at his constancy, with great praises and thanks to God for the same. And there, in the presence of Master Rochester, comptroller of the queen's household, Sir Richard Southwell (age 52), both the sheriffs, and a wonderful number of people, the fire was put unto him; and when it had taken hold both upon his legs and shoulders, he, as one feeling no smart, washed his hands in the flame, as though it had been in cold water. And, after lifting up his hands unto heaven, not removing the same until such time as the devouring fire had consumed them - most mildly this happy martyr yielded up his spirit into the hands of his heavenly Father. A little before his burning at the stake, his pardon was brought, if he would have recanted, but he utterly refused. He was the first protomartyr of all the blessed company that suffered in Queen Mary's time, that gave the first adventure upon the fire. His wife and children, being eleven in number, and ten able to go, and one sucking on her breast, met him by the way as he went towards Smithfield. This sorrowful sight of his own flesh and blood could nothing move him; but that he constantly and cheerfully took his death, with wonderful patience, in the defence and quarrel of Christ's gospel.

Foxe's Book of Martyrs. 04 Feb 1555. The fourth day of February, the year above mentioned, in the chapel in Newgate [Map], the bishop of London (age 55) there sitting with his notary and certain other witnesses, came Alexander Andrew, the gaoler, bringing with him Master Hooper (age 60) and Master Rogers (age 50), being condemned before by the chancellor (age 72); where the said bishop of London (age 55), at the request of the aforesaid Winchester (age 72), proceeded to the degradation of the parties above mentioned, Master Hooper and Master Rogers, after this form and manner: first, he put upon him all the vestures and ornaments belonging to a priest, with all other things to the same order appertaining, as though (being revested) they should solemnly execute their office. Thus they, being apparelled and invested, the bishop beginneth to pluck off, first the uttermost vesture; and so, by degree and order, coming down to the lowest vesture, which they had only in taking Benet and Collet; and so, being stript and deposed, he deprived them of all order, benefit, and privilege belonging to the clergy; and consequently, that being done, pronounced, decreed, and declared the said parties so degraded, to be given personally to the secular power, as the sheriffs being for that year, Master Davy Woodroofe, and Master William Chester; who, receiving first the said Master Rogers at the hands of the bishop, had him away with them, bringing him to the place of execution where he suffered. The witnesses there present were Master Harpsfield, archdeacon of London; Robert Cosin, and Robert Willerton, canons of Paul's; Thomas Mountague, and George How, clerks; Tristram Swadock, and Richard Cloney, the sumner, &c.

Pepy's Diary. 04 Feb 1661. Home, and then with my wife to see Sir W. Batten (age 60), who could not be with us this day being ill, but we found him at cards, and here we sat late, talking with my Lady and others and Dr. Whistler1, who I found good company and a very ingenious man. So home and to bed.

Note 1. Daniel Whistler, M.D., Fellow of Merton College, whose inaugural dissertation on rickets in 1645 contains the earliest printed account of that disease. He was Gresham Professor of Geometry, 1648-57, and held several offices at the College of Physicians, being elected President in 1683. He was one of the original Fellows of the Royal Society. Dr. Munk, in his "Roll of the Royal College of Physicians", speaks very unfavourably of Whistler, and says that he defrauded the college. He died May 11th, 1684.

Evelyn's Diary. 04 Feb 1684. His Majesty (age 53) being dead, the Duke, now K. James II (age 50) went immediately to Council, and before entering into any businesse, passionately declaring his sorrow, told their Lordships that since the succession had fallen to him, he would endeavour to follow the example of his predecessor in his clemency and tendernesse to his people; that, however he had ben misrepresented as affecting arbitrary power, they should find the contrary, for that the Laws of England had made ye King as greate a monarch as he could desire; that he would endeavor to maintain the Government both in Church and State, as by Law established, its principles being so firme for monarchy, and the members of it shewing themselves so good and loyal subjects; and that as he would never depart from the just rights and prerogatives of y Crown, so would he never invade any man's property; but as he had often adventur'd his life in defence of the Nation, so he would still proceede, and preserve it in all its lawful rights and liberties. This being the substance of what he said, the Lords desir'd it might be publish'd, as ontaining matter of greate satisfaction to a jealous people upon this change, which his Ma* consented to. Then were the Counsel sworn, and a Proclamation order'd to be publish'd, that all Officers should continue in their stations, that there might be no failure of public justice, till his further pleasure should be known.

Evelyn's Diary. 04 Feb 1685. Thus died King Charles II (age 54) of a vigorous and robust constitution, and in all appearance promising a long life. He was a Prince of many virtues, and many greate imperfections; debonaire, easy of accesse, not bloudy nor cruel; his countenance fierce, his voice greate, proper of person, every motion became him; a lover of the sea, and skilfull in shipping; not affecting other studies, yet he had a laboratory, and knew of many empyrical medicines, and the easier mechanical mathe matics; he lov'd planting and building, and brought in a politer way of living, which pass'd to luxury and intolerable expence. He had a particular talent in telling a story, and facetious passages, of which he had innumerable; this made some buffoons and vitious wretches too presumptuous and familiar, not worthy the favour they abus'd. He tooke delight in having a number of little spaniels follow him and lie in his bed-chamber, where he often suffer'd the bitches to puppy and give suck, which render'd it very offensive, and indeede made the whole Court nasty and stinking. He would doubtlesse have ben an excellent Prince, had he ben less addicted to women, who made him uneasy, 'and allways in want to supply their unmeasurable profusion, to ye detriment of many Indigent persons who had signaly serv'd both him and his father. He frequently and easily chang'd favorites, to his greate prejudice. As to other publiq transactions and unhappy miscarriages, .'tis not here I intend to number them; but certainly never had King more glorious opportunities to have made himselfe, his people, and all Europe happy, and prevented innumerable mischeifs, had not his too easy nature resign'd him to be manag'd by crafty men, and some abandon'd and profane wretches who corrupted his otherwise sufficient parts, disciplin'd as he had ben by many afflictions during his banishment, which gave him much experience and knowledge of men and things; but those wicked creatures took him off from all application becoming so greate a King. The history of his reigne will certainely be the most wonderfull for the variety of matter and accidents, above any extant in former ages: the sad tragical death of his father, his banishment and hardships, his miraculous restauration, conspiracies against him, parliaments, wars, plagues, fires, comets, revolutions abroad happening in his time, with a thousand other particulars. He was ever kind to me, and very gracious upon all occasions, and therefore I cannot, without ingratitude, but deplore his losse, which for many respects as well as duty I do with all my soul.

Evelyn's Diary. 04 Feb 1685. I went to London, hearing his Ma* (age 54) had ben the Monday before (02 Feb 1685) surpriz'd in his bed-chamber with an apoplectic fit, so that if, by God's providence, Dr. King (that excellent chirurgeon as well as physitian) had not ben accidentally present to let him blood (having his lancet in his pocket) his Ma* had certainly died that moment, which might have ben of direful consequence, there being nobody else present with the King (age 54) save this Doctor and one more, as I am assur'd. It was a mark of the extraordinary dexterity, resolution, and presence of mind in the Dr, to let him bloud in the very paroxysm, without staying the coming of other physitians, which regularly should have ben don, and for want of which he must have a regular pardon, as they tell me *. This rescu'd his Ma* for the instant, but it was only a short reprieve. He still complain'd, and was relapsing, often fainting, with sometimes epileptic symptoms, till Wednesday, for which he was cupp'd, let bloud in both jugulars, had both vomit and purges, which so rellev'd him that on Thursday hopes of recovery were signified in the publiq Gazette, but that day, about noone, the physitians thought him feaverish. This they seem'd glad of, as being more easily allay'd and methodically dealt with than his former fits; so as they prescrib'd the famous Jesuits powder: but it made him worse, and some very able Doctors who were present did not think it a fever, but the effect of his frequent bleeding and other sharp operations us'd by them about his head, so that probably the powder might stop the circulation, and renew his former fits, which now made him very weake. Thus he pass'd Thursday night with greate difficulty, when complaining of a paine in his side, they drew 12 ounces more of bloud from him; this was by 6 in the morning on Friday, and it gave him reliefe, but it did not continue, for being now in much paine, and strugling for breath, he lay dozing, and after some conflicts, the physitians despairing of him, he gave up the ghost at halfe an houre after eleven in the morning, being the sixth of February 1685, in the 36th yeare of his reigne, and 54th of his age.

Evelyn's Diary. 04 Feb 1685. Prayers were solemnly made in all the Churches, especialy in both ye Court Chapells, where the Chaplaines reliev'd one another every halfe quarter of an houre from the time he began to be in danger till he expir'd, according to the forme prescrib'd in the Church Offices. Those who assisted his Majesty's (age 54) devotions were, the Abp. of Canterbury (age 68), the Bishops of London (age 53), Durham (age 52), and Ely (age 47), but more especialy Dr. Ken, the Bp. of Bath and Wells (age 47) receiving the Holy Sacrament, but his Ma* told them he would consider of it, which he did so long 'till it was too late. Others whisper'd that the Bishops and Lords, except the Earles of Bath (age 56) and Feversham (age 44), being order'd to withdraw the night before, Hurlston, the 'Priest, had presumed to administer the Popish Offices. He gave his breeches and keys to yc Duke (age 51), who was almost continually kneeling by his bed-side, and in teares. He also recommended to him the care of his natural children, all except the Duke of Monmouth (age 35), now in Holland, and in his displeasure. He intreated the Queene (age 46) to pardon him (not without cause); who a little before had sent a Bishop to excuse her not more frequently visiting him, in reguard of her excessive griefe, and withall, that his Ma* (age 54) would forgive it if at any time she had offended him. He spake to ye Duke (age 51) to be kind to the Dutchesse of Cleaveland (age 44), and especialy Portsmouth (age 35), and that Nelly (age 35) might not starve.

Evelyn's Diary. 04 Feb 1693. After five days' trial and extraordinary contest, the Lord Mohun (age 18) was acquitted by the Lords of the murder of Montford, the player, notwithstanding the judges, from the pregnant witnesses of the fact, had declared him guilty; but whether in commiseration of his youth, being not eighteen years old, though exceedingly dissolute, or upon whatever other reason, the King (age 42) himself present some part of the trial, and satisfied, as they report, that he was culpable. 69 acquitted him, only 14 condemned him.

On 04 Feb 1698 Thomas Strode of Parnham (age 70) died. Monument in Church of St Mary, Beaminster [Map]. William and Mary. Marble with standing figure in wig, gown, side pilasters support cornice.

Thomas Strode of Parnham: In 1628 he was born to John Strode of Parnham and Anne Wyndham. On 01 Jul 1642 he matriculated Oxford University. On 01 Feb 1665 Thomas Strode of Parnham and Mary Adams were married. In 1677 he was appointed Serjeant at Law.

Minutes of the Society of Antiquaries. 04 Feb 1719. Mr Director (age 41) was ordered to deliver out prints of Richard II to be sold after the rate of 2s:6d a peice [sic], allowing to the sellers 6d a peice [sic], and one over in a dozen. The Prints of the Font of St James after the rate of 1s:6d a peice allowing to the seller 4d a piece. The prints of Ulphus's Horn at 1s allowing Seller 3d a peice [sic].

On 14 Oct 1736 Charles Le Gros of Croftwight (age 85) died. On 04 Feb 1758 Elizabeth Turner (age 85) died. They were buried at All Saints Church, Narborough [Map].

Charles Le Gros of Croftwight: Around 1651 he was born. Before 14 Oct 1736 he and Elizabeth Turner were married. The difference in their ages was 22 years.

Elizabeth Turner: Around 1673 she was born to William Turner of North Elmham.

After 04 Feb 1743. Saint Mary Magdalene's Church, Sherborne [Map]. Monument to John Dutton 2nd Baronet (deceased) sculpted by John Michael Rysbrack (age 48). Full figure of man leaning on an Urn.

On 04 Feb 1760 Charles Gould aka Morgan 2nd Baronet was born to Charles Gould aka Morgan 1st Baronet (age 33) and Jane Morgan (age 29).

On 04 Feb 1787 Pompeo Batoni (age 79) died.

On 04 Feb 1816 Robert Hobart 4th Earl Buckinghamshire (age 55) died from a fall from a horse. His nephew George Hobart-Hampden 5th Earl of Buckinghamshire (age 26) succeeded 5th Earl Buckinghamshire, 5th Baron Hobart, 9th Baronet Hobart of Intwood in Norfolk. Monument at All Saints' Church, Nocton [Map] sculpted by John "The Younger" Bacon (age 39).

Robert Hobart 4th Earl Buckinghamshire: On 06 May 1760 he was born to George Hobart 3rd Earl Buckinghamshire and Albinia Bertie Countess Buckinghamshire at Hampden House, Great Hampden. In 1792 Robert Hobart 4th Earl Buckinghamshire and Margaretta Bourke were married. He the son of George Hobart 3rd Earl Buckinghamshire and Albinia Bertie Countess Buckinghamshire. In 1799 Robert Hobart 4th Earl Buckinghamshire and Eleanor Agnes Eden Countess Buckinghamshire were married. He the son of George Hobart 3rd Earl Buckinghamshire and Albinia Bertie Countess Buckinghamshire. On 14 Nov 1804 George Hobart 3rd Earl Buckinghamshire died. His son Robert Hobart 4th Earl Buckinghamshire succeeded 4th Earl Buckinghamshire, 4th Baron Hobart, 8th Baronet Hobart of Intwood in Norfolk. Eleanor Agnes Eden Countess Buckinghamshire by marriage Countess Buckinghamshire.

George Hobart-Hampden 5th Earl of Buckinghamshire: On 01 May 1789 he was born to George Vere Hobart. On 01 Feb 1849 George Hobart-Hampden 5th Earl of Buckinghamshire died. His brother Augustus Edward Hobart-Hampden 6th Earl Buckinghamshire succeeded 6th Earl Buckinghamshire, 6th Baron Hobart, 10th Baronet Hobart of Intwood in Norfolk.

On 04 Feb 1825 Myles Birket Foster was born.

On 04 Feb 1858 Thomas Campbell (age 68) died in 1 Great Castle Street, Westminster.

Around 04 Feb 1901 Wilfred William Ashley 1st Baron Mount Temple (age 33) and Amalia Mary Maud Cassel (age 21) were married. The Prince of Wales (age 59) attended some eighteen days before he acceeded the throne.

Births on the 4th February

On 04 Feb 1160 Isabel Bruce was born to Adam Bruce (age 33) at Skelton.

On 04 Feb 1337 Louis Bourbon II Duke Bourbon was born to Peter Bourbon Duke Bourbon (age 26) and Isabella Valois Duchess Bourbon (age 24). He a great x 3 grandson of King Henry III of England. Coefficient of inbreeding 2.38%.

On 04 Feb 1436 Philip Valois was born to Charles "Victorious" VII King France (age 32) and Marie Valois Anjou Queen Consort France (age 31). Coefficient of inbreeding 3.89%.

On 04 Feb 1443 Anne Beauchamp 15th Countess Warwick was born to Henry Beauchamp 1st Duke Warwick (age 17) and Cecily Neville Duchess Warwick (age 19) at Cardiff. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

Baron Burghesh, and the representation of the three Despencers Baronies abeyant between her cousin George Neville 5th and 3rd Baron Bergavenny and her aunt Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick (age 16).

Her subsequent death aged four (her father died when she was aged three) resulted in Richard "Kingmaker" Neville Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (age 14) unexpectedly becoming Earl of Warwick by marriage ie by right of his wife Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick (age 16) who was the younger Anne's Aunt.

On 04 Feb 1490 Robert Wingfield was born to Henry Wingfield (age 56).

On 04 Feb 1498 George I of Württemberg-Mömpelgard was born.

On or before 04 Feb 1546 William Witham of Ledstone was born to Henry Witham of Ledston (age 32). He was baptised 04 Feb 1546.

On 04 Feb 1582 John Lowther of Lowther Hall was born to Christopher Lowther (age 24).

Before 04 Feb 1593 Joseph Killigrew was born to Henry Killigrew (age 65) and Jaél Peigne.

On 04 Feb 1593 Mary Cholmley was born to Richard Cholmley (age 12).

On or before 04 Feb 1649 Halswell Tynte 1st Baronet was born to John Tynte and Jane Halswell. He was baptised on 04 Feb 1649 at the Church of St Edward King and Martyr, Goathurst [Map].

On 04 Feb 1688 Pierre Carlet de Chamblain de Marivaux was born.

On 04 Feb 1703 Andrew Stone was born.

On 04 Feb 1705 Harriet Benson Baroness Bingley was born to Robert Benson 1st Baron Bingley (age 29) and Elizabeth Finch Baroness Bingley (age 26).

On 04 Feb 1750 Walter Spencer-Stanhope was born to Walter Stanhope and Ann Spencer. He was baptised on 09 Mar 1750. He was educated at Bradford Grammar School and went up to University College, Oxford, and later studied law at the Middle Temple, London.

On 04 Feb 1757 George Thicknesse 19th Baron Audley was born to Captain Philip Thicknesse (age 38) and Elizabeth Tuchet.

On 04 Feb 1760 Charles Gould aka Morgan 2nd Baronet was born to Charles Gould aka Morgan 1st Baronet (age 33) and Jane Morgan (age 29).

On 04 Feb 1761 Georg I Duke of Saxe Meiningen was born to Anton Ulrich Duke of Saxe Meiningen (age 73).

On 04 Feb 1763 Reverend Samuel Lovick Cooper was born to Reverend Samuel Cooper (age 23) and Maria Susanna Bransby (age 25).

On 04 Feb 1772 George Berney Brograve 2nd Baronet was born to Berney Brograve 1st Baronet (age 45).

On 04 Feb 1772 Henry Fletcher 2nd Baronet was born to Henry Fletcher 1st Baronet (age 45) and Catherine Lintot.

On 04 Feb 1786 Sarah Elizabeth Savile Countess Warwick was born to John Savile 2nd Earl Mexborough (age 24) and Elizabeth Stephenson Countess Mexborough (age 24).

On 04 Feb 1796 Margaret Gardiner was born to Luke Gardiner 1st Viscount Mountjoy (age 50) and Margaret Wallis (age 26).

On 04 Feb 1808 George Augustus Francis Rawdon-Hastings 2nd Marquess Hastings was born to Francis Rawdon-Hastings 1st Marquess Hastings (age 53) and Flora Mure-Campbell Marchioness of Hastings (age 28).

On 04 Feb 1809 Charles Bunbury 8th Baronet was born to Henry Edward Bunbury 7th Baronet (age 30) and Louisa Amelia Fox at @@ Messina.

On 04 Feb 1817 John Leigh Hoskyns 9th Baronet was born to Hungerford Hoskyns 7th Baronet (age 40).

On 04 Feb 1821 John Greenwood was born at Ryshworth Hall.

On 04 Feb 1825 Myles Birket Foster was born.

On 04 Feb 1828 Charlotte Georgiana Cholmondeley was born to William Cholmondeley 3rd Marquess Cholmondeley (age 27) and Marcia Emma Georgiana Arbuthnot Marchioness Cholmondeley (age 24).

On 04 Feb 1853 Reginald Walkeline Chandos-Pole was born to Edward Sacheverell Chandos-Pole (age 27) and Anna Caroline Stanhope (age 20).

On 04 Feb 1853 Alice Elizabeth Cole was born to William Willoughby Cole 3rd Earl Enniskillen (age 46) and Jane Casamaijor Countess Enniskillen.

On 04 Feb 1859 George Murray Smith was born.

On 04 Feb 1868 Cecil Reginald John Manners was born to John James Robert Manners 7th Duke Rutland (age 49) and Janetta Hughan Duchess Rutland (age 31).

On 04 Feb 1880 John Strange "Jack" Spencer-Churchill was born to Randolph Henry Spencer-Churchill (age 30) and Jenny Jerome (age 26) at Phoenix Park, Dublin.

On 04 Feb 1886 Margaret Strutt was born to Henry Strutt 2nd Baron Belper (age 45) and Margaret Coke Baroness Belper (age 33).

On 04 Feb 1894 Henry Eric Bagot 7th Baron Bagot was born to Charles Frederick Heneage Bagot (age 36) and Florence Eleanor Bagot. Coefficient of inbreeding 6.25%.

On 04 Feb 1909 Brigadier Richard Gustavus Hamilton-Russell was born to Gustavus Hamilton-Russell 9th Viscount Boyne (age 45) and Margaret Selina Lascelles Viscountess Boyne (age 26).

Marriages on the 4th February

On 04 Feb 1316 Theobald Verdun 2nd Lord Verdun (age 37) and Elizabeth Clare Lady Verdun (age 20) were married. She by marriage Lord Verdun. She the daughter of Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester 6th Earl Hertford and Joan of Acre Countess Gloucester and Hertford. They were third cousins. She a granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

On 04 Feb 1495 Thomas Howard 3rd Duke of Norfolk (age 22) and Anne York (age 19) were married. She the daughter of King Edward IV of England and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England. He the son of Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk (age 52) and Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey (age 51).

On 04 Feb 1520 William Carey (age 20) and Mary Boleyn (age 21) were married. Around the time, possibly shortly after, Mary Boleyn (age 21) became mistress to King Henry VIII of England and Ireland (age 28) leading to speculation one or both of her children were fathered by Henry (age 28). She the daughter of Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde (age 43) and Elizabeth Howard Countess of Wiltshire and Ormonde (age 40). He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward III of England.

The evidence for Mary being Henry's mistress:

Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic. 20 Oct 1537. George Throckmorton letter relating to events around 1531 where Henry responds to an accusation that he had relationships with both Anne Boleyn's mother and sister "Never with the mother". Cromwell goes on the say never with the sister either.

Defense of the Unity of the Church Book III, 1536, letter from Cardinal Reginald Pole to King Henry VIII accusing him of double standards by attempting to annul his marriage with Queen Katherine on the basis of her having previously been married, albeit unconsummated, to Henry's brother Arthur, as a means to allow Henry to marry Anne Boleyn, with who sister Henry had had a carnal relationship.

1536 Letter from Ambassador Chapuys to the Emperor in which Chapuys writes "Others tell me that the said Archbishop had pronounced the marriage of the King and Concubine [Anne] invalid on account of the King having had connection with her sister [Mary].

On or after 04 Feb 1603, the date of the license, William Willoughby 3rd Baron Willoughby of Parham (age 19) and Frances Manners Baroness Willoughby Parham (age 14) were married. She by marriage Baroness Willoughby Parham. She the daughter of John Manners 4th Earl of Rutland and Elizabeth Charlton Countess Rutland.

On 04 Feb 1638 Henry Ker and Margaret Hay Countess Cassilis were married. She the daughter of William Hay 10th Earl Erroll and Anne Lyon Countess Erroll. He the son of Robert Ker 1st Earl Roxburghe (age 68) and Jean Drummond Countess Roxburghe (age 53).

On 04 Feb 1661 Edward Lovett (age 33) and Joane Hearle (age 20) were married at St Peter's Church, Tawstock [Map].

On 04 Feb 1702 Oswald Mosley 1st Baronet (age 27) and Elizabeth Thornhaugh (age 30) were married at Worksop, Nottinghamshire.

On or after 04 Feb 1712 Robert Jenkinson 3rd Baronet (age 26) and Henrietta Scarborough Lady Jenkinson (age 17) were married. She by marriage Lady Jenkinson of Walcot in Oxfordshire and of Hawkesbury in Gloucestershire.

On 04 Feb 1725 Charles Seymour 6th Duke of Somerset (age 62) and Charlotte Finch Duchess Somerset (age 32) were married. She by marriage Duchess Somerset. The difference in their ages was 30 years. She the daughter of Daniel Finch 2nd Earl Nottingham 7th Earl Winchilsea (age 77) and Anne Hatton Countess Nottingham and Winchelsea. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

On 04 Feb 1768 Francis Ingram Seymour-Conway 2nd Marquess Hertford (age 24) and Alice Elizabeth Windsor (age 18) were married. He the son of Francis Seymour-Conway 1st Marquess Hertford (age 49) and Isabella Fitzroy Countess Hertford (age 41). He a great x 2 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

Before 04 Feb 1772 Henry Fletcher 1st Baronet (age 45) and Catherine Lintot were married.

On 04 Feb 1807 Daniel Fleming 5th Baronet (age 22) and Ann Frederica Elizabeth Fleming Lady Fleming (age 23) were married. She by marriage Lady Fleming of Rydal in Cumbria. They were third cousins.

On 04 Feb 1815 Francis Edward Seymour (age 26) and Elizabeth Cooke (age 27) were married.

On 04 Feb 1817 Watkin Williams-Wynn 5th Baronet (age 44) and Henrietta Antonia Clive Lady Williams-Wynn were married. She by marriage Lady Williams of Gray's Inn. She the daughter of Edward Clive 1st Earl Powis (age 62) and Henrietta Antonia Herbert 3rd Countess Powis (age 58). She a great x 4 granddaughter of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 04 Feb 1845 Thomas Fowell Buxton (age 22) and Rachel Jane Gurney (age 21) were married. They were first cousins.

On 04 Feb 1847 SANFORD Graham and Eleanora Caroline Paget (age 19) were married. She the daughter of Henry Paget 2nd Marquess Anglesey (age 49) and Eleanora Campbell.

On 04 Feb 1858 Charles Rowley Drummond of Cromlix and Innerpefray (age 21) and Arabella Augusta Meyrick were married. He the son of Thomas Hay-Drummond 11th Earl Kinnoull (age 72) and Louisa Burton Rowley Countess Kinnoul. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 04 Feb 1867 Cornelius Vanderbilt II (age 23) and Alice Claypoole Gwynne (age 21) were married at the Church of the Incarnation, Madison Avenue.

On 04 Feb 1869 Arthur Rice 6th Baron Dynevor (age 33) and Selina Lascelles (age 28) were married. They were third cousins.

On 04 Feb 1880 Major Paulyn Abney-Hastings (age 23) and Maud Grimston (age 23) were married. She the daughter of James Walter Grimston 2nd Earl Verulam (age 70) and Elizabeth Joanna Weyland Countess Verulam (age 55). He the son of Charles Frederick Abney-Hastings 1st Baron Donington (age 57) and Edith Maud Rawdon-Hastings 10th Countess Loudon.

On 04 Feb 1882 Charles Norman Lindsay Tollemache Scott and Agnes Mary Manners Tollemache (age 26) were married.

Around 04 Feb 1901 Wilfred William Ashley 1st Baron Mount Temple (age 33) and Amalia Mary Maud Cassel (age 21) were married. The Prince of Wales (age 59) attended some eighteen days before he acceeded the throne.

On 04 Feb 1926 Ralph Henry Votelin (age 38) and Gweneth Frida Ponsonby (age 38) were married. She the daughter of Edward Ponsonby 8th Earl Bessborough and Blanche Vere Guest Countess Bessborough.

On 04 Feb 1950 David Mountbatten 3rd Marquess Milford Haven (age 30) and Romaine Pierce Marchioness Milford Haven were married. She by marriage Marchioness Milford Haven. He the son of George Mountbatten 2nd Marquess Milford Haven and Nadejda Mikhailovna Torby Marchioness Milford Haven (age 53). He a great x 2 grandson of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

Deaths on the 4th February

On 04 Feb 1206 Theobald Walter (age 41) died at County Wicklow. His son Theobald Butler (age 6) succeeded 2nd Chief Butler Ireland.

On 04 Feb 1222 William Gerulfing I Count Holland (age 55) died. His son Floris Gerulfing IV Count Holland (age 11) succeeded IV Count Holland.

On 04 Feb 1282 Sophie Wittelsbach (age 18) died.

On 04 Feb 1359 Idonea Lisle (age 66) died.

On 04 Feb 1400 Bernard Brocas (age 46) was tried, and condemned to death, by Thomas Fitzalan 10th Earl of Surrey 12th Earl of Arundel (age 18) at Tower of London [Map] for his role in the Epiphany Rising having been captured in Cirencester, Gloucestershire [Map].

On 05 Feb 1400 Bernard Brocas (age 46) was beheaded at Tyburn [Map]. He was buried at the Chapel of St Edmund, Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 04 Feb 1456 Nicholas Drury (age 77) died.

On 04 Feb 1475 Charles I Margrave Baden (age 48) died.

On 04 Feb 1498 John Delaval (age 45) died.

On 04 Feb 1501 Edward Knyvet (age 31) died.

On 04 Feb 1505 Joan Valois Queen Consort France (age 40) died.

On 04 Feb 1506 Edward Berkeley (age 72) died at Beverstone Castle [Map].

On 04 Feb 1523 Bishop Thomas Ruthall (age 51) died. He was buried in the Chapel of St John the Baptist, Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 04 Feb 1532 Elizabeth Carew died.

On 04 Feb 1541 William Brereton (age 68) died in Kilkenny, Ireland [Map].

On 04 Feb 1575 Robert Wingfield (age 85) died.

Before 04 Feb 1576 Ursula Brydges (age 76) died.

After 04 Feb 1590 Robert Rudston (age 75) died.

On 04 Feb 1593 Gilbert Gerard (age 59) died at Ashley, Staffordshire.

On 04 Feb 1627 Jermina Jerningham (age 77) died.

On 04 Feb 1633 Elizabeth Ashburnham (age 20) died.

On 04 Feb 1635 Thomas Richardson (age 66) died.

Before 04 Feb 1639 Dorothy Knyvet died.

Before 19 Jan 1665 Thomas Pepys (age 43) died at Impington. His will was probated on 04 Feb 1665.

On 04 Feb 1683 Anne Montagu Baroness North (age 71) died.

On 04 Feb 1690 Frances Cavendish (age 29) died.

On 04 Feb 1696 Philip Wharton 4th Baron Wharton (age 82) died. His son Thomas Wharton 1st Marquess Wharton (age 47) succeeded 5th Baron Wharton. Lucy Loftus Marchioness Wharton (age 26) by marriage Baroness Wharton.

On 04 Feb 1698 Thomas Strode of Parnham (age 70) died. Monument in Church of St Mary, Beaminster [Map]. William and Mary. Marble with standing figure in wig, gown, side pilasters support cornice.

Thomas Strode of Parnham: In 1628 he was born to John Strode of Parnham and Anne Wyndham. On 01 Jul 1642 he matriculated Oxford University. On 01 Feb 1665 Thomas Strode of Parnham and Mary Adams were married. In 1677 he was appointed Serjeant at Law.

On or before 04 Feb 1699, the date she was buried at Killeen, County Meath, Mabel Barnewall Countess Fingall died. She was buried on 04 Feb 1699.

On 04 Feb 1712 Very Reverend William Graham (age 58) died.

On 14 Oct 1736 Charles Le Gros of Croftwight (age 85) died. On 04 Feb 1758 Elizabeth Turner (age 85) died. They were buried at All Saints Church, Narborough [Map].

Charles Le Gros of Croftwight: Around 1651 he was born. Before 14 Oct 1736 he and Elizabeth Turner were married. The difference in their ages was 22 years.

Elizabeth Turner: Around 1673 she was born to William Turner of North Elmham.

On 04 Feb 1739 John Shelley (age 73) died.

On 04 Feb 1742 Thomas Catesby Paget (age 53) died.

On 01 Feb 1743 John Dutton 2nd Baronet (age 59) died. Baronet Dutton of Sherborne in Gloucestershire extinct. He was buried at the Saint Mary Magdalene's Church, Sherborne [Map] at midnight on 04 Feb 1743.

On 04 Feb 1743 Anne Bayne died in childbirth.

On 04 Feb 1745 Jacob Bouverie (age 2) died.

On 04 Feb 1752 John Cotton 3rd Baronet (age 63) died. His son John Hynde Cotton 4th Baronet (age 35) succeeded 4th Baronet Cotton of Landwade in Cambridgeshire. Anne Parsons Lady Cotton (age 27) by marriage Lady Cotton of Landwade in Cambridgeshire.

On 04 Feb 1752 Louis Bourbon Duke Orléans (age 48) died. His son Louis Philippe "The Fat" Bourbon I Duke Orléans (age 26) succeeded I Duke Orléans. Louise Henriette Bourbon Duchess Orléans by marriage Duchess Orléans.

On 04 Feb 1754 Charles Trevor Roper (age 32) died.

On 04 Feb 1755 John Beresford (age 68) died.

On 04 Feb 1766 Augusta Bertie (age 34) died.

On 04 Feb 1773 Mary Stewart (age 70) died.

Before 04 Feb 1774 Edward Seymour (age 2) died.

On 04 Feb 1779 Mary Cocks died.

On 04 Feb 1783 Susanna Hoare Countess Ailesbury (age 50) died.

On 04 Feb 1784 Frederica Louise Hohenzollern (age 69) died.

On 04 Feb 1787 Pompeo Batoni (age 79) died.

On 04 Feb 1787 Robert Farquhar (age 88) died. He was buried at Blairdaff and Chapel of Garioch Church [Map] on 09 Feb 1787.

Caledonian Mercury - Thursday 15 February 1787, p 3: Extract of a letter from Aberdeen, Feb 13. "On Sunday, the 4th instant, died at Manse of chapel of Garioch, the Rev. Mr Robert Farquhar, minister of that parish, in the 88th year of his age and 51st of his ministry."

On 04 Feb 1794 Charles Trevor Roper 18th Baron Dacre Gilsland (age 49) died. His sister Gertrude Trevor Roper 19th Baroness Dacre Gilsland (age 43) succeeded 19th Baroness Dacre Gilsland. Thomas Brand Baron Dacre (age 44) by marriage Baron Dacre Gilsland albeit for seventeen days only since he died on 21 Feb 1794.

On 04 Feb 1815 George Worsley (age 53) died.

On 04 Feb 1815 John Sheffield 2nd Baronet (age 72) died. His brother Reverend Robert Sheffield 3rd Baronet (age 57) succeeded 3rd Baronet Sheffield; he died three weeks later.

On 04 Feb 1816 Robert Hobart 4th Earl Buckinghamshire (age 55) died from a fall from a horse. His nephew George Hobart-Hampden 5th Earl of Buckinghamshire (age 26) succeeded 5th Earl Buckinghamshire, 5th Baron Hobart, 9th Baronet Hobart of Intwood in Norfolk. Monument at All Saints' Church, Nocton [Map] sculpted by John "The Younger" Bacon (age 39).

Robert Hobart 4th Earl Buckinghamshire: On 06 May 1760 he was born to George Hobart 3rd Earl Buckinghamshire and Albinia Bertie Countess Buckinghamshire at Hampden House, Great Hampden. In 1792 Robert Hobart 4th Earl Buckinghamshire and Margaretta Bourke were married. He the son of George Hobart 3rd Earl Buckinghamshire and Albinia Bertie Countess Buckinghamshire. In 1799 Robert Hobart 4th Earl Buckinghamshire and Eleanor Agnes Eden Countess Buckinghamshire were married. He the son of George Hobart 3rd Earl Buckinghamshire and Albinia Bertie Countess Buckinghamshire. On 14 Nov 1804 George Hobart 3rd Earl Buckinghamshire died. His son Robert Hobart 4th Earl Buckinghamshire succeeded 4th Earl Buckinghamshire, 4th Baron Hobart, 8th Baronet Hobart of Intwood in Norfolk. Eleanor Agnes Eden Countess Buckinghamshire by marriage Countess Buckinghamshire.

George Hobart-Hampden 5th Earl of Buckinghamshire: On 01 May 1789 he was born to George Vere Hobart. On 01 Feb 1849 George Hobart-Hampden 5th Earl of Buckinghamshire died. His brother Augustus Edward Hobart-Hampden 6th Earl Buckinghamshire succeeded 6th Earl Buckinghamshire, 6th Baron Hobart, 10th Baronet Hobart of Intwood in Norfolk.

On 04 Feb 1824 John Simeon 1st Baronet (age 68) died. His son Richard Godin Simeon 2nd Baronet (age 39) succeeded 2nd Baronet Simeon of Grazeley in Berkshire.

On 04 Feb 1825 Albemarle Bertie (age 13) died.

On 04 Feb 1826 Diana Turnor Lady Whichcote (age 63) died. She was buried at St Denys' Church, Aswarby.

On 04 Feb 1830 Trevor Wheler 8th Baronet (age 66) died at Woodseat, Rocester. He was buried at Rocester, Staffordshire [Map]. His son Trevor Wheler 9th Baronet (age 37) succeeded 9th Baronet Wheler of the City of Westminster. Lucy Dandridge Lady Wheler by marriage Lady Wheler of the City of Westminster.

On 04 Feb 1833 Charles Leslie Pepys 2nd Baronet (age 58) died unmarried. His brother Henry Leslie Pepys 3rd Baronet (age 49) succeeded 3rd Baronet Pepys of Brook Street.

On 04 Feb 1838 Somerset Richard Butler 3rd Earl of Carrick (age 58) died.

On 04 Feb 1843 Christopher Bethell-Codrington (age 78) died.

On 04 Feb 1846 Charlotte Mary Long Lady Pocock (age 61) died.

On 04 Feb 1855 Thomas Kinnersley of Clough Hall in Staffordshire (age 73) died.

On 04 Feb 1856 William Hare 2nd Earl Listowel (age 54) died. His son William Hare 3rd Earl of Listowel (age 22) succeeded 3rd Earl Listowel in County Kerry.

On 04 Feb 1858 Thomas Campbell (age 68) died in 1 Great Castle Street, Westminster.

On 04 Feb 1860 Mary Fawkener Countess Orford (age 72) died.

On 04 Feb 1862 Henry Richard Paston-Bedingfeld 6th Baronet (age 61) died. His son Henry George Paston-Bedingfeld 7th Baronet (age 31) succeeded 7th Baronet Paston-Bedingfield of Oxburgh in Norfolk. Augusta Lucy Clavering Lady Paston-Bedingfield by marriage Lady Paston-Bedingfield of Oxburgh in Norfolk.

On 04 Feb 1866 Anne Russell Cockburn died.

On 04 Feb 1868 Frederic Bertie (age 74) died.

On 04 Feb 1884 Robert Vanbrugh Law (age 84) died.

On 04 Feb 1884 Edward Thynne (age 77) died.

On 04 Feb 1889 Joseph York (age 82) died.

On 04 Feb 1892 Reverend Arthur Isham (age 83) died.

The Times. 04 Feb 1905.

We have to announce the death of Florence, Marchioness of Hastings (age 62), wife of Sir George Chetwynd, Bart., which took place on Sunday morning at Long Walk House, Windsor, after a few days' illness. The funeral will take place at Grendon, Atherstone, on Thursday next, at 2 o'clock.

Note. On 03 Feb 1907 Florence Cecilia Paget Marchioness Hastings (age 64) died.

On 04 Feb 1910 Spencer Arthur Perceval (age 77) died.

On 04 Feb 1921 Rose Sophia Mary Fane died.

On 04 Feb 1922 Maurice Fitzgerald 6th Duke Leinster (age 34) died having spent most of his life being cared for in a psychiatric institution at Edinburgh [Map]. His brother Edward Fitzgerald 7th Duke Leinster (age 29) succeeded 7th Duke Leinster.

On 04 Feb 1923 Henry Pellew 6th Viscount Exmouth (age 94) died. His son Charles Pellew 7th Viscount Exmouth (age 59) succeeded 7th Viscount Exmouth, 7th Baron Exmouth of Canonteign, 7th Baronet Pellew of Treverry in Cornwall. Following his succession he moved to England from the USA.

On 04 Feb 1925 Major John Erasmus Skottowe Dryden (age 71) died.

On 04 Feb 1929 Sibell Mary Lumley (age 73) died at Saighton Grange.

On 04 Feb 1941 John Lambton Viscount Lambton (age 20) shot himself.

On 04 Feb 1942 Judith Harbord (age 79) died.

On 04 Feb 1961 Edward Pakenham 6th Earl of Longford (age 58) died. His brother Frank Pakenham 7th Earl of Longford (age 55) succeeded 7th Earl Longford, 8th Baron Longford.

On 04 Feb 1970 John Frederick Lambton 5th Earl Durham (age 85) died. His son Antony Lambton 6th Earl of Durham (age 47) succeeded 6th Earl Durham.

On 04 Feb 2002 Sigvard Bernadotte (age 94) died in an accident.

On 04 Feb 2013 Sarah Norton Viscountess Astor (age 93) died.