On this Day in History ... 06 January

06 Jan is in January.

1066 Coronation of King Harold

1387 Peter IV King Aragon Dies John I King Aragon Succeeds

1540 Marriage of Henry VIII and Anne of Cleves

1605 Masque of Blackness

1605 New Years Honours

1649 Pride's Purge

1684 Frost Fair

1839 Night of the Big Wind

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 1066. About midwinter King Edward (age 63) came to Westminster, and had the minster there consecrated, which he had himself built to the honour of God, and St. Peter, and all God's saints. This church-hallowing was on Childermas-day. He died on the eve of twelfth-day; and he was buried on twelfth-day in the same minster; as it is hereafter said. Here Edward king86, of Angles lord, sent his stedfast soul to Christ. In the kingdom of God a holy spirit! He in the world here abode awhile, in the kingly throng of council sage. Four and twenty winters wielding the sceptre freely, wealth he dispensed. In the tide of health, the youthful monarch, offspring of Ethelred! ruled well his subjects; the Welsh and the Scots, and the Britons also, Angles and Saxons relations of old. So apprehend the first in rank, that to Edward all the noble king were firmly held high-seated men. Blithe-minded aye was the harmless king; though he long ere, of land bereft, abode in exile wide on the earth; when Knute o'ercame the kin of Ethelred, and the Danes wielded the dear kingdom of Engle-land. Eight and twenty winters' rounds they wealth dispensed. Then came forth free in his chambers, in royal array, good, pure, and mild, Edward the noble; by his country defended- by land and people. Until suddenly came the bitter Death and this king so dear snatched from the earth. Angels carried his soul sincere into the light of heaven. But the prudent king had settled the realm on high-born men- on Harold (age 44) himself, the noble earl; who in every season faithfully heard and obeyed his lord, in word and deed; nor gave to any what might be wanted by the nation's king. This year also was Earl Harold (age 44) hallowed to king; but he enjoyed little tranquillity therein the while that he wielded the kingdom.

Note 86. This threnodia on the death of Edward the Confessor will be found to correspond, both in metre and expression, with the poetical paraphrase of Genesis ascribed to Caedmon.

Coronation of King Harold

On 06 Jan 1066 King Harold II of England (age 44) was crowned II King England having been selected by the Witan probably at Westminster Abbey [Map]. Harold quick to be crowned the day after the death and burial of Edward the Confessor.

On 06 Jan 1148 William Warenne 3rd Earl Surrey (age 29) died. His daughter Isabella Warenne Countess Boulogne 4th Countess of Surrey (age 11) succeeded 4th Countess Surrey and inherited his estates including Conisbrough Castle [Map].

On 06 Jan 1148 Gilbert Clare 1st Earl Pembroke (age 48) died. His son Richard "Strongbow" Clare 2nd Earl Pembroke (age 18) succeeded 2nd Earl Pembroke 1C 1138. Aoife NI Diarmait Macmurrough Countess Pembroke and Buckingham (age 3) by marriage Countess Pembroke.

On 06 Jan 1156 Matilda Plantagenet Duchess Saxony was born to King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England (age 22) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks and England (age 34) at Windsor Castle [Map] (probably) and named after her paternal grandmother Empress Matilda (age 53).

On 06 Jan 1242 Walter Marshal 5th Earl Pembroke (age 43) and Margaret Quincy 3rd Countess Lincoln and Pembroke (age 36) were married. She by marriage Countess Pembroke. He by marriage Earl Lincoln 4C 1217. A dynastic marriage that brought together the Earldom's of Pembroke and Lincoln. She the daughter of Robert Quincy Earl Lincoln and Hawise Gernon 2nd Countess Lincoln. He the son of William Marshal 1st Earl Pembroke and Isabel Clare Countess Pembroke. They were third cousin once removed. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England.

On 06 Jan 1338 James Butler 1st Earl Ormonde (age 33) died. His son James Butler 2nd Earl Ormonde (age 6) succeeded 2nd Earl Ormonde 1C 1328.

On 06 Jan 1384 Edmund Holland 4th Earl Kent was born to Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent (age 34) and Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent (age 34). He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

Peter IV King Aragon Dies John I King Aragon Succeeds

On 06 Jan 1387 Peter IV King Aragon (age 67) died. His son King John I of Aragon (age 36) succeeded I King Aragon.

On 06 Jan 1406 Archbishop Roger Walden died at Much Hadham.

On 06 Jan 1449 Christoph Duke Wittelsbach I Duke Bavaria was born to Albert Wittelsbach III Duke Bavaria (age 47) and Anna Brunswick Grubenhagen Duchess Bavaria (age 35).

On 06 Jan 1474 William VIII Marquis of Montferrat (age 53) and Bernarde de Brosse Marquis Monferrat were married. She by marriage Marchioness Montferrat.

On 06 Jan 1478 John Bourbon VIII Count Vendôme (age 50) died. His son Francis Bourbon Count Vendôme and Soissons (age 8) succeeded Count Vendôme.

Marriage of Henry VIII and Anne of Cleves

On 06 Jan 1540 Henry VIII (age 48) and Anne of Cleves (age 24) were married by Archbishop Thomas Cranmer (age 50) at the Palace of Placentia, Greenwich [Map]. Anne of Cleves (age 24) was crowned Queen Consort England. The difference in their ages was 24 years. She the daughter of John La Marck III Duke Cleves and Maria Jülich Berg Duchess Cleves. He the son of King Henry VII of England and Ireland and Elizabeth York Queen Consort England.

Catherine Carey (age 16) and Eleanor Paston Countess Rutland (age 45) were appointed Lady in Waiting to Anne of Cleves Queen Consort England (age 24).

On 06 Jan 1579 Robert Stewart 1st Earl Lennox 1st Earl March (age 57) and Elizabeth Stewart Countess Arran Countess Lennox and March (age 30) were married. Elizabeth Stewart Countess Arran Countess Lennox and March by marriage Countess Lennox. The difference in their ages was 27 years. She the daughter of John Stewart 4th Earl Atholl and Elizabeth Gordon Countess Atholl. He the son of John Stewart 3rd Earl Lennox and Isabel or Elizabeth Stewart Countess Lennox. They were first cousin twice removed. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward III of England.


New Years Honours

Memorials of affairs of state in the reigns of Q Elizabeth and K James I Volume 2 Dudley Carleton to Mr Winwood Jan 1605. On Twelfth-Day we had the Creation of Duke Charles (age 4) now Duke of York; the Interim was entertained with making Knights of the Bath, which was three Days Work. They were eleven in Number, besides the little Duke, all of the King's Choice; namely, the Lords Willoby, Compton, Chandois, and Norres; William Cecyll, Allen Percy, Thomas Somerset (age 26), Francis Manners (age 27), Clifford, young Howard, second Son of my Lord Chamberlaine, and Harrington. The Solemnity of the Creation was kept in the Hall, where first the Duke (age 4) was brought in accompanyed with his Knights, then carried out againe, and brought back by Earles in their Robes of the Garter. My Lord Admiral bare him, two others went as Supporters, and six marched before with the Ornaments. The Patent was read by my Lord of Cranborne (age 13), and drawn in most eloquent Law Latin by Mr. Attorney; but so, that we have a Duke of York in Title, but not in Substance. There was a publick Dinner in the great Chamber, where there was one Table for the Duke and his Earls Assistants, another for his Fellow Knights of the Bath.

Masque of Blackness

On 06 Jan 1605, Twelfth Night, the Ben Johnson (age 33) Masque of Blackness was performed at the Banqueting House [Map]. The performers included:

Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland England and Ireland (age 30) played Euphoris.

Lucy Harrington Countess Bedford (age 25) played Aglaia.

Anne Lady Herbert (age 22) played Diaphane.

Elizabeth Vere Countess Derby (age 29) played Eucampse.

Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk (age 41) played Kathare.

Penelope Devereux Countess Devonshire (age 42) played Ocyte.

Frances Knyvet Lady Bevill (age 39) played Notis.

Anne St John Lady Effingham (age 30) played Psychrote.

Elizabeth Howard Countess Banbury (age 22) played Glycyte.NOTEXT

Susan Vere Countess Montgomery (age 17) played Malacia.

Mary Sidney Lady Wroth (age 18) played Baryte.

Audrey Shelton Lady Walsingham (age 36) played Periphere.

Memorials of affairs of state in the reigns of Q Elizabeth and K James I Volume 2 Dudley Carleton to Mr Winwood Jan 1605. At Night we had the Queen's Maske in the Banqueting-House [Map], or rather her Pagent. There was a great Engine at the lower end of the Room, which had Motion, and in it were the Images of Sea-Horses with other terrible Fishes, which were ridden by Moors: The Indecorum was, that there was all Fish and no Water. At the further end was a great Shell in form of a Skallop,wherein were four Seats; on the lowest sat the Queen (age 30) with my Lady Bedford (age 25); on the left were placed the Ladies Suffolk (age 41), Darby (age 29), Rich (age 42), Effingham (age 30), Ann Herbert (age 22), Susan Herbert (age 17), Elizabeth Howard (age 22), Walsingham (age 36) and Bevil (age 39). Their Apparell was rich, but too light and Currizan-light for such great ones. Instead of Vizzards, their Faces, and Arms up to the Elbows, were painted black, which was Disguise sufficient, for they were hard to be known; but it became them nothing so well as their red and white, and you cannot imagine a more ugly Sight, then a Troop of lean-cheeked Moors. The Spanish and Venetian Ambassadors were both present, and sate by the King in State; at which Monrieur Beaumont quarrells so extreamly, that he saith the whole Court is Spanish. But by his Favour, he should fall out with none but himself, for they were all indifferently invited to come as private Men, to a private Sport; which he resusing, the Spanish Ambassador willingly accepted, and being there, feeing no Cause to the contrary, he put off Don Taxis, and took upon him El Senor Embaxadour, wherein he outstript our little Monsieur. He was privately at the first Mask, and fate amongst his Men disguised; at this he was taken out to dance, and footed it like a lusty old Gallant with his Country Woman. He took out the Queen, and forgot not to kiss her Hand, though there was Danger it would have left a Mark on his Lips. The Night's Work was concluded with a Banquet in the great Chamber, which was so furioufly assaulted, that down went Table and Tresses before one bit was touched. They say the Duke Holst will come upon us with an after reckoning, and that we shall see him on Candlemas Night in a Mask, as he hath shewed himself a lusty Reveller all this Christmas.NOTEXT

Around 06 Jan 1607 James Hay 1st Earl Carlisle (age 27) and Honora Denny were married. She the daughter of Edward Denny 1st Earl Norwich (age 37) and Mary Cecil Countess Norwich.


On 06 Jan 1625 Thomas Francis of Savoy 1st Prince of Carignano (age 28) and Marie Bourbon Condé Countess Soissons (age 18) were married. She the daughter of Charles Bourbon Condé Count Soissons and Anne Montafié Countess Soissons (age 47). He the son of Charles Emmanuel Savoy I Duke Savoy (age 62) and Catherine Habsburg Spain Duchess Savoy.

On 06 Jan 1635 Charles Fane 3rd Earl of Westmoreland was born to Mildmay Fane 2nd Earl of Westmoreland (age 32) and Grace Thornhurst Countess of Westmoreland (age 31).

On 06 Jan 1642 Toby Caulfeild 3rd Baron Caulfeild (age 21) was shot and killed by Edmund Boy O'Hugh, foster-brother to Phelim O'Neill (age 38). His brother Robert Caulfeild 4th Baron Caulfeild succeeded 3rd Baron Charlemont.

Pride's Purge

On 06 Jan 1649 Thomas Pride, on behalf of Thomas Fairfax 3rd Lord Fairfax (age 36) and Henry Ireton (age 38), supported by two regiments, and Nathaniel Rich's (age 24) Regiment of Horse, with Thomas Grey (age 26), prevented MPs opposed to the trial of King Charles I (age 48) from entering Parliament including ...

James Herbert (age 26).

Robert Pye (age 29).

Ambrose Browne 1st Baronet.

Denzil Holles 1st Baron Holles (age 49).

John Spelman (age 42).

On 06 Jan 1663 George Goring 1st Earl Norwich (age 77) died. His son Charles Goring 2nd Earl Norwich (age 48) succeeded 2nd Earl Norwich 2C 1644. Alice Leman Countess Norwich by marriage Countess Norwich.

On 06 Jan 1667 Margaret Brooke Lady Denham (age 27) died. She was rumoured to have been poisoned by her husband John Denham (age 52) by giving her a poisoned cup of chocolate. In any case rumour named several other possible poisoners, including her former lover James (age 33), his wife Anne Hyde (age 29) and his sister-in-law, Lady Rochester (age 21).

Frost Fair

Evelyn's Diary. 06 Jan 1684. The river quite frozen.

Evelyn's Diary. 06 Jan 1686. Passed the Privie Seale, amongst others, the creation of Mrs. Sedley J (concubine to) Countesse of Dorchester (age 28), which the Queene took very grievously (age 27), so as for two dinners, standing neere her I observed she hardly eate one morsel, nor spake one word to the King (age 52), or to any about her, tho' at other times she us'd to be extreamly pleasant, full of discourse and good humour. The Roman Catholics were also very angry, because they had so long valu'd the sanctity of their religion and proselytes. Dryden (age 54) the famous playwriter, and his two sonns, and Mrs. Nelly (age 35) (Misse to ye late) were said to go to masse; such proselytes were no greate losse to the church. This night was burnt to the ground my Lord Mountague's palace in Bloomsbury, than wch for painting and furniture there was nothing more glorious in England. This happen'd by the negligence of a servant, airing, as they call it, some of the goods by the fire in a moist season; indeede so wet and mild a winter had scarce ben seene in man's memory. At this Seale there also pass'd the creation of Sr H. Walgrave (age 25) to be a Peere. He had married one of the Henrietta Fitzjames Countess Newcastle (age 19) by Mrs. Churchill. These two Seales my brother Commissioners pass'd in the morning before I came to towne, at. wch I was not displeas'd. We likewise pass'd Privy Seales for 5.2/6,000 upon severall accounts, pensions, guards, wardrobes, pri vie purse, &c. besides divers pardons, and one more wch I must not forget (and wch by Providence I was not present at) one Mr. Lytcott to be Secretary to the Ambassador to Rome. We being three Commissioners, any two were a quorum.


On 06 Jan 1702 Arthur Annesley 5th Earl Anglesey (age 22) and Mary Thompson Countess Anglesey were married. He the son of James Annesley 2nd Earl Anglesey and Elizabeth Manners Countess Anglesey. They were first cousins.

On 06 Jan 1718 William Gage 2nd Viscount Gage was born to Thomas Gage 1st Viscount Gage (age 17) and Benedicta Maria Theresa Hall Viscountess Gage in New Brunswick New Jersey.

On 06 Jan 1768 George Fermor 3rd Earl Pomfret was born to George Fermor 2nd Earl Pomfret (age 46) and Anna Maria Delagard Countess Pomfret (age 32).

On 06 Jan 1773 Edward Digby 2nd Earl Digby was born to Henry Digby 1st Earl Digby (age 41).

On 06 Jan 1788 Henry Vane 2nd Duke Cleveland was born to William Henry Vane 1st Duke Cleveland (age 21) and Catharine Margaret Powlett Countess Darlington (age 22). He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland. Coefficient of inbreeding 6.45%.


On 06 Jan 1789 Noel Hill 1st Baron Berwick (age 43) died at Portman Square Marylebone. On 20 Jan 1789 he was buried at St Eata's Church. His son Thomas Noel-Hill 2nd Baron Berwick (age 18) succeeded 2nd Baron Berwick of Attingham in Shropshire.


On 06 Jan 1800 Wilmot Vaughan 1st Earl Lisburne (age 72) died.

On 06 Jan 1802 William Flower 3rd Viscount Ashbrook (age 34) died. His brother Henry Flower 4th Viscount Ashbrook (age 25) succeeded 4th Viscount Ashbrook.

On 06 Jan 1818 John Savile 1st Baron Savile was born illegitimately to John Lumley-Savile 8th Earl Scarborough (age 29).

On 06 Jan 1830 William Brodrick 8th Viscount Midleton was born to William Brodrick 7th Viscount Midleton (age 31) and Harriet Brodrick. Coefficient of inbreeding 6.26%.

Night of the Big Wind

On 06 Jan 1839 an enormous storm, known in Ireland as "Night of the Big Wind", the largest in three-hundred years, caused significant loss of life and damage in Ireland, particularly Dublin [Map] where one fifth of property was destroyed, and western Britain, partiularly Liverpool [Map]. The next day a number of passenger ships were lost.

On 06 Jan 1839 Arthur Saunders Gore 5th Earl Arran was born to Philip Gore 4th Earl Arran (age 37) and Elizabeth Marianne Napier Countess Arran (age 19).

On 06 Jan 1874 William Fitzgerald De Ros 22nd Baron Ros Helmsley (age 76) died at Old Court, Strangford, County Down. His son Dudley Fitzgerald De Ros 23rd Baron Ros Helmsley (age 46) succeeded 23rd Baron Ros Helmsley. Elizabeth Egerton Baroness Ros Helmsley (age 41) by marriage Baroness Ros Helmsley.

After 06 Jan 1902. Memorial to Admiral Edward Southwell Sotheby (deceased) at the Church of St Mary Magdalene, Ecton [Map].

Admiral Edward Southwell Sotheby: On 14 May 1813 he was born to Admiral Thomas Sotheby (age 54) and Mary Anne Bourke. On 23 Jun 1864 Admiral Edward Southwell Sotheby (age 51) and Lucy Elizabeth Adeane (age 32) were married. On 06 Jan 1902 Admiral Edward Southwell Sotheby (age 88) died at 26 Green Street Mayfair. He was buried at Highgate Cemetery.