On this Day in History ... 7th September

07 Sep is in September.

1361 Plague Outbreak

1497 Perkin Warbreck Plot

1533 Birth and Christening of Elizabeth I

1571 Ridolphi Plot

1642 Siege of Portsmouth

1665 Great Plague of London

1666 Great Fire of London

1704 Battle of Blenheim

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 7th September

On 07 Sep 1312 Ferdinand IV King Castile IV King Leon (age 26) died. His son Alfonso "Avenger" XI King Castile (age 1) succeeded XI King Castile.

On 07 Sep 1384 John Harsick III died. Brass in Church of St George, South Acre [Map] of John Harsick III and his wife Catherine Calthorpe holding hands. Great Helm with Feathers. Camail and Jupon Period. His coat of arms Harsick. Her showing Harsick Arms impaled with Calthorp Arms. At his feet a lion couchant, at hers a dog couchant. Inscription: Hic iacet Dns. Johes. Harsick Miles eiusoem Nominis tertius, qui obiit Serto die Septembris Ano Dni. Mccclxxxiv. cuius anime propicictur Deus Amen, et Domina Katherina Uxor.

John Harsick III: he was born to John Harsick II. In 1377 he was appointed High Sheriff of Norfolk. In or before 1384 John Harsick III and Catherine Calthorpe were married. In 1384 John Harsick III made his will on the Wednesday after the decollation of St. John Baptist. He bequeaths several legacies to the Lady Catharine his wife, his eldest son John, and to his son Eudo Harsick, the manor of Stanhow in Norfolk for life, remainder to his son Brian.

Catherine Calthorpe: she was born to Bartholemew Calthorpe.

On 07 Sep 1394 Adolph La Marck (age 60) died.

On 07 Sep 1450 Richard Plantagenet 3rd Duke of York (age 38) landed at Beaumaris, Anglesey.

On 07 Sep 1458 Maria Trastámara Queen Consort Aragon (age 56) died.

Polydore Vergil. 07 Sep 1497. But, whichever it was, while he lingered in Ireland in a fever of uncertainty, reliable messengers informed him that the Cornishmen, undeterred by their recent disaster, were still badly affected towards Henry (age 40) and ready to take up arms once more to avenge the wrong. And so, thinking it would be useful not to ignore this proffered opportunity, went flying to them without delay. He solicited them, he incited them, he promised them such great things that a stroke he was hailed as their leader, with all men shouting they would obey his commands. Restored to good hope by these things, Peter (age 23) decided that nothing should be done rashly. First he should go in all directions, gaining power over fortified places that could serve for his protection. Then, having increased his forces, he should attack all who offered resistance. Adopting this strategy, he attacked and besieged Exeter, Devon [Map]. Since he lacked artillery to batter down its walls, he only sought to smash its gates opens, and with great vigor he began to pound them with stones, pry at them with steel, heap them with wood, and set them afire. At first, the townsmen, seeing the walls surrounded by the enemy at one point, and a fire to be started at another, were afraid. But they immediately let down messengers from the walls during the night, who were to inform the king. Then they courageously decided to fight fire with fire and, since the bars of the gates were already shattered, they added their own wood to the fire, so that the flames raging on either side would both prevent the enemy from coming within and their own citizens from leaving. And meanwhile they themselves dug ditches inside in front of the entry days and made earthworks. Thus all of the besiegers' efforts around the gates came to naught, and fire rescued the citizenry from fire. Then Peter (age 23), of necessity breaking off the fight at the gates, attacked the city at various points where it seemed weaker, and, bringing up ladders, frequently tried to take the walls, suffering great losses. Meanwhile he hoped that the burghers would be overwhelmed either by fear or want of provisions, could be impelled to surrender.

On 07 Sep 1533 Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland was born to Henry VIII (age 42) and Queen Anne Boleyn of England (age 32).

Wriothesley's Chronicle 1530-1539. 07 Sep 1533. Memorandum, the viith daie of September, 1533, being Sonndaie, Queene Anne (age 32) was brought to bedd of a faire daughterc at three of the clocke in the after noune;d and the morrowe after, being the daie of the Nativitie of Our Ladie, Te Deum was songe solempnlie at Powles, the Major and Aldermen being present, with the head craftes of the Cittie of London.

Note c. The Princess Elizabeth, afterwards Queen of England.

Note d. Between three and four of the clock at afternoon. — Stow, p. 569.

On 07 Sep 1571 Thomas Howard 4th Duke of Norfolk (age 35) was imprisoned at Tower of London [Map] for his involvement in the Ridolphi Plot.

Around Sep 1571 William Brooke 10th Baron Cobham (age 43) was implicated in the Ridolphi Plot and imprisoned at home for months.

On 07 Sep 1615 Colonel John Birch was born.

Between 10 Aug 1642 and 07 Sep 1642 Portsmouth, Hampshire [Map] was besieged by Parliamentary forces.

Evelyn's Diary. 07 Sep 1649. Went with my wife (age 14) and dear Cousin to St. Germains, and kissed the Queen-Mother's (age 39) hand; dined with my Lord Keeper and Lord Hatton (age 44). Divers of the great men of France came to see the King (age 19). The next day, came the Prince of Condé (age 27). Returning to Paris, we went to see the President Maison's palace, built castle-wise, of a milk-white fine freestone; the house not vast, but well contrived, especially the staircase, and the ornaments of Putti, about it. It is environed in a dry moat, the offices under ground, the gardens very excellent with extraordinary long walks, set with elms, and a noble prospect toward the forest, and on the Seine toward Paris. Take it altogether, the meadows, walks, river, forest, corn-ground, and vineyards, I hardly saw anything in Italy to exceed it. The iron gates are very magnificent. He has pulled down a whole village to make room for his pleasure about it.

Evelyn's Diary. 07 Sep 1651. Then came abundance of footmen and pages of the King, new-liveried with white and red feathers; next, the garde du corps and other officers; and lastly, appeared the King himself on an Isabella barb, on which a housing semee, with crosses of the Order of the Holy Ghost, and fleurs-de-lis; the King himself, like a young Apollo, was in a suit so covered with rich embroidery, that one could perceive nothing of the stuff under it; he went almost the whole way with his hat in hand, saluting the ladies and acclamators, who had filled the windows with their beauty, and the air with Vive le Roi. He seemed a prince of a grave yet sweet countenance. After the King, followed divers great persons of the Court, exceeding splendid, also his esquires; masters of horse, on foot; then the company of Exempts des Gardes, and six guards of Scotch. Between their files were divers princes of the blood, dukes, and lords; after all these, the Queen's guard of Swiss, pages, and footmen; then, the Queen-Mother (age 49) herself, in a rich coach, with Monsieur the King's brother, the Duke of Orléans, and some other lords and ladies of honor. About the coach, marched her Exempts des Gardes: then the company of the King's Gens d'armes, well mounted, 150, with four trumpets, and as many of the Queen's (age 49); lastly, an innumerable company of coaches full of ladies and gallants. In this equipage, passed the monarch to the Parliament, henceforth exercising his kingly government.

Evelyn's Diary. 07 Sep 1651. I went to visit Mr. Hobbes (age 63), the famous philosopher of Malmesbury, Wiltshire [Map], with whom I had long acquaintance. From his window we saw the whole equipage and glorious cavalcade of the young French Monarch, Louis XIV (age 13), passing to Parliament, when first he took the kingly government on him, now being in his 14th year, out of his minority and the Queen Regent's (age 49) pupilage. First came the captain of the King's Aids, at the head of 50, richly liveried; next, the Queen-Mother's Light Horse, 100, the lieutenant being all over covered with embroidery and ribbons, having before him four trumpets habited in black velvet, full of lace, and casques of the same. Then, the King's Light Horse, 200, richly habited, with four trumpets in blue velvet embroidered with gold, before whom rode the Count d'Olonne coronet [cornet], whose belt was set with pearl. Next went the grand Prévôt's company on foot, with the Prévôt on horseback; after them, the Swiss in black velvet toques, led by two gallant cavaliers habited in scarlet-colored satin, after their country fashion, which is very fantastic; he had in his cap a pennach of heron, with a band of diamonds, and about him twelve little Swiss boys, with halberds. Then, came the Aide des Cérémonies; next, the grandees of court, governors of places and lieutenants-general of provinces, magnificently habited and mounted; among whom I must not forget the Chevalier Paul, famous for many sea-fights and signal exploits there, because it is said he had never been an Academist, and yet governed a very unruly horse, and besides his rich suit his Malta Cross was esteemed at 10,000 crowns. These were headed by two trumpets, and the whole troop, covered with gold, jewels, and rich caparisons, were followed by six trumpets in blue velvet also, preceding as many heralds in blue velvet semée with fleurs-de-lis, caduces in their hands, and velvet caps on their heads; behind them, came one of the masters of the ceremonies; then, divers marshals and many of the nobility, exceeding splendid; behind them Count d'Harcourt, grand Ecuyer, alone, carrying the King's sword in a scarf, which he held up in a blue sheath studded with fleurs-de-lis; his horse had for reins two scarfs of black taffeta.

Pepy's Diary. 07 Sep 1662. After I had talked an hour or two with her I went and gave Mr. Hunt a short visit, he being at home alone, and thence walked homewards, and meeting Mr. Pierce, the chyrurgeon, he took me into Somersett House [Map]; and there carried me into the Queen-Mother's (age 52) presence-chamber, where she was with our own Queen (age 23) sitting on her left hand (whom I did never see before); and though she be not very charming, yet she hath a good, modest, and innocent look, which is pleasing. Here I also saw Madam Castlemaine (age 21), and, which pleased me most, Mr. Crofts (age 13), the King's (age 32) bastard, a most pretty spark of about 15 years old, who, I perceive, do hang much upon my Baroness Castlemaine's (age 21), and is always with her; and, I hear, the Queens (age 23) both of them are mighty kind to him1.

Note 1. James (age 13), the son of Charles II (age 32) by Lucy Walter, daughter of William Walter, of Roch Castle, co. Pembroke. He was born April 9th, 1649, and landed in England with the Queen-Mother (age 52), July 28th, 1662, when he bore the name of Crofts, after Lord Crofts (age 51), his governor. He was created Duke of Monmouth, February 14th, 1663, and married Lady Anne Scott (age 11), daughter and heiress of Francis, second Earl of Buccleuch, on April 20th following. In 1673 he took the name of Scott, and was created Duke of Buccleuch.

Pepy's Diary. 07 Sep 1662. By and by in comes the King (age 32), and anon the Duke and his Duchess; so that, they being all together, was such a sight as I never could almost have happened to see with so much ease and leisure. They staid till it was dark, and then went away; the King (age 32) and his Queen (age 23), and my Baroness Castlemaine's (age 21) and young Crofts, in one coach and the rest in other, coaches. Here were great store of great ladies, but very few handsome. The King (age 32) and Queen (age 23) were very merry; and he would have made the Queen-Mother (age 52) believe that his Queen (age 23) was with child, and said that she said so. And the young Queen (age 23) answered, "You lye;" which was the first English word that I ever heard her say which made the King (age 32) good sport; and he would have taught her to say in English, "Confess and be hanged".

Evelyn's Diary. 07 Sep 1665. Came home, there perishing near 10,000 poor creatures weekly; however, I went all along the city and suburbs from Kent Street to St James', a dismal passage, and dangerous to see so many coffins exposed in the streets, now thin of people; the shops shut up, and all in mournful silence, not knowing whose turn might be next. I went to the Duke of Albemarle (age 56) for a pest-ship, to wait on our infected men, who were not a few. See Great Plague of London.

Pepy's Diary. 07 Sep 1665. Up by 5 of the clock, mighty full of fear of an ague, but was obliged to go, and so by water, wrapping myself up warm, to the Tower [Map], and there sent for the Weekely Bill, and find 8,252 dead in all, and of them 6,878 of the plague; which is a most dreadfull number, and shows reason to fear that the plague hath got that hold that it will yet continue among us.

Evelyn's Diary. 07 Sep 1666. Still, the plague continuing in our parish, I could not, without danger, adventure to our church.

Evelyn's Diary. 07 Sep 1666. The people, who now walked about the ruins, appeared like men in some dismal desert, or rather, in some great city laid waste by a cruel enemy; to which was added the stench that came from some poor creatures' bodies, beds, and other combustible goods. Sir Thomas Gresham's statue, though fallen from its niche in the Royal Exchange [Map], remained entire, when all those of the Kings since the Conquest were broken to pieces. Also the standard in Cornhill [Map], and Queen Elizabeth's effigies, with some arms on Ludgate, continued with but little detriment, while the vast iron chains of the city streets, hinges, bars, and gates of prisons, were many of them melted and reduced to cinders by the vehement heat. Nor was I yet able to pass through any of the narrow streets, but kept the widest; the ground and air, smoke and fiery vapor, continued so intense, that my hair was almost singed, and my feet insufferably surbated. The by-lanes and narrow streets were quite filled up with rubbish; nor could one have possibly known where he was, but by the ruins of some Church, or Hall, that had some remarkable tower, or pinnacle remaining.

Evelyn's Diary. 07 Sep 1666. At my return, I was infinitely concerned to find that goodly Church, St. Paul's [Map] - now a sad ruin, and that beautiful portico (for structure comparable to any in Europe, as not long before repaired by the late King) now rent in pieces, flakes of large stones split asunder, and nothing remaining entire but the inscription in the architrave showing by whom it was built, which had not one letter of it defaced! It was astonishing to see what immense stones the heat had in a manner calcined, so that all the ornaments, columns, friezes, capitals, and projectures of massy Portland stone, flew off, even to the very roof, where a sheet of lead covering a great space (no less than six acres by measure) was totally melted. The ruins of the vaulted roof falling, broke into St. Faith's [Map], which being filled with the magazines of books belonging to the Stationers, and carried thither for safety, they were all consumed, burning for a week following. It is also observable that the lead over the altar at the east end was untouched, and among the divers. Monuments the body of one bishop remained entire. Thus lay in ashes that most venerable church, one of the most ancient pieces of early piety in the Christian world, besides near one hundred more. The lead, ironwork, bells, plate, etc., melted, the exquisitely wrought Mercers' Chapel, the sumptuous Exchange [Map], the august fabric of Christ Church [Map], all the rest of the Companies' Halls, splendid buildings, arches, entries, all in dust; the fountains dried up and ruined, while the very waters remained boiling; the voragos of subterranean cellars, wells, and dungeons, formerly warehouses, still burning in stench and dark clouds of smoke; so that in five or six miles traversing about I did not see one load of timber unconsumed, nor many stones but what were calcined white as snow.

Evelyn's Diary. 07 Sep 1666. In the midst of all this calamity and confusion, there was, I know not how, an alarm begun that the French and Dutch, with whom we were now in hostility, were not only landed, but even entering the city. There was, in truth, some days before, great suspicion of those two nations joining; and now that they had been the occasion of firing the town. This report did so terrify, that on a sudden there was such an uproar and tumult that they ran from their goods, and, taking what weapons they could come at, they could not be stopped from falling on some of those nations whom they casually met, without sense or reason. The clamor and peril grew so excessive, that it made the whole Court amazed, and they did with infinite pains and great difficulty, reduce and appease the people, sending troops of soldiers and guards, to cause them to retire into the fields again, where they were watched all this night. I left them pretty quiet, and came home sufficiently weary and broken. Their spirits thus a little calmed, and the affright abated, they now began to repair into the suburbs about the city, where such as had friends, or opportunity, got shelter for the present to which his Majesty's (age 36) proclamation also invited them.

Evelyn's Diary. 07 Sep 1666. I then went towards Islington [Map] and Highgate, where one might have seen 200,000 people of all ranks and degrees dispersed, and lying along by their heaps of what they could save from the fire, deploring their loss; and, though ready to perish for hunger and destitution, yet not asking one penny for relief, which to me appeared a stranger sight than any I had yet beheld. His Majesty (age 36) and Council indeed took all imaginable care for their relief, by proclamation for the country to come in, and refresh them with provisions.

Evelyn's Diary. 07 Sep 1666. I went this morning on foot from Whitehall [Map] as far as London Bridge [Map], through the late Fleet Street [Map], Ludgate hill by St. Paul's [Map], Cheapside [Map], Exchange, Bishops-gate [Map], Aldersgate Ward, and out to Moorfields [Map], thence through Cornhill [Map], etc., with extraordinary difficulty, clambering over heaps of yet smoking rubbish, and frequently mistaking where I was; the ground under my feet so hot, that it even burnt the soles of my shoes. In the meantime, his Majesty (age 36) got to the Tower [Map] by water, to demolish the houses about the graff, which, being built entirely about it, had they taken fire and attacked the White Tower [Map], where the magazine of powder lay, would undoubtedly not only have beaten down and destroyed all the bridge, but sunk and torn the vessels in the river, and rendered the demolition beyond all expression for several miles about the country.

Pepy's Diary. 07 Sep 1666. Up by five o'clock; and, blessed be God! find all well, and by water to Paul's Wharfe. Walked thence, and saw, all the towne burned, and a miserable sight of Paul's church [Map]; with all the roofs fallen, and the body of the quire fallen into St. Fayth's [Map]; Paul's school also, Ludgate, and Fleet-street [Map], my father's house, and the church, and a good part of the Temple [Map] the like.

Pepy's Diary. 07 Sep 1666. So to Creed's lodging, near the New Exchange, and there find him laid down upon a bed; the house all unfurnished, there being fears of the fire's coming to them. There borrowed a shirt of him, and washed. To Sir W. Coventry (age 38), at St. James's, who lay without curtains, having removed all his goods; as the King (age 36) at White Hall, and every body had done, and was doing. He hopes we shall have no publique distractions upon this fire, which is what every body fears, because of the talke of the French having a hand in it. And it is a proper time for discontents; but all men's minds are full of care to protect themselves, and save their goods: the militia is in armes every where. Our fleetes, he tells me, have been in sight one of another, and most unhappily by fowle weather were parted, to our great losse, as in reason they do conclude; the Dutch being come out only to make a shew, and please their people; but in very bad condition as to stores; victuals, and men. They are at Bullen [Map]; and our fleete come to St. Ellen's. We have got nothing, but have lost one ship, but he knows not what.

Pepy's Diary. 07 Sep 1666. So home, and did give orders for my house to be made clean; and then down to Woolwich, Kent [Map], and there find all well: Dined, and Mrs. Markham come to see my wife. So I up again, and calling at Deptford, Kent [Map] for some things of W. Hewer's (age 24), he being with me, and then home and spent the evening with Sir R. Ford (age 52), Mr. Knightly, and Sir W. Pen (age 45) at Sir W. Batten's (age 65): This day our Merchants first met at Gresham College, which, by proclamation, is to be their Exchange [Map]. Strange to hear what is bid for houses all up and down here; a friend of Sir W. Rider's: having £150 for what he used to let for £40 per annum. Much dispute where the Custome-house shall be thereby the growth of the City again to be foreseen. My Lord Treasurer (age 59), they say, and others; would have it at the other end of the towne. I home late to Sir W. Pen's (age 45), who did give me a bed; but without curtains or hangings, all being down. So here I went the first time into a naked bed, only my drawers on; and did sleep pretty well: but still hath sleeping and waking had a fear of fire in my heart, that I took little rest. People do all the world over cry out of the simplicity of my Lord Mayor in generall; and more particularly in this business of the fire, laying it all upon' him. A proclamation1 is come out for markets to be kept at Leadenhall [Map] and Mileendgreene [Map], and several other places about the towne; and Tower-hill [Map], and all churches to be set open to receive poor people.

Note 1. On September 5th proclamation was made "ordering that for supply of the distressed people left destitute by the late dreadful and dismal fire.... great proportions of bread be brought daily, not only to the former markets, but to those lately ordained; that all churches, chapels, schools, and public buildings are to be open to receive the goods of those who know not how to dispose of them". On September 6th, proclamation ordered "that as the markets are burned down, markets be held in Bishopsgate Street, Tower Hill [Map], Smithfield [Map], and Leadenhall Street [Map]" (Calendar of State Papers, 1666-67, pp. 100, 104).

On 07 Sep 1681 Michael Honywood (age 84) died. He has a memorial at Lincoln Cathedral [Map].

Michael Honywood: On 01 Oct 1596 he was born to Robert Honywood and Elizabeth Browne. On 12 Oct 1660 Michael Honywood was installed as Dean of Lincoln.

Evelyn's Diary. 07 Sep 1704. This day was celebrated the thanksgiving for the late great victory, with the utmost pomp and splendor by the Queen (age 39), Court, great Officers, Lords Mayor, Sheriffs, Companies, etc. The streets were scaffolded from Temple Bar, where the Lord Mayor presented her Majesty with a sword, which she returned. Every company was ranged under its banners, the city militia without the rails, which were all hung with cloth suitable to the color of the banner. The Lord Mayor, Sheriffs, and Aldermen were in their scarlet robes, with caparisoned horses; the Knight Marshal on horseback; the Foot-Guards; the Queen (age 39) in a rich coach with eight horses, none with her but the Duchess of Marlborough (age 44) in a very plain garment, the Queen (age 39) full of jewels. Music and trumpets at every city company. The great officers of the Crown, Nobility, and Bishops, all in coaches with six horses, besides innumerable servants, went to St. Paul's, where the Dean preached. After this, the Queen (age 39) went back in the same order to St. James's. The city companies feasted all the Nobility and Bishops, and illuminated at night. Music for the church and anthems composed by the best masters. The day before was wet and stormy, but this was one of the most serene and calm days that had been all the year.

On 07 Sep 1817 Queen Louise Hesse-Kassel of Denmark was born to William Hesse-Kassel (age 29) and Princess Charlotte of Denmark (age 27). She a great x 2 granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 07 Sep 1841 Samuel Hoare 1st Baronet was born to John Gurney Hoare (age 31) and Caroline Barclay (age 29).

On 07 Sep 1863 Winifred Anna Dallas Yorke Duchess Portland was born to Thomas Dallas Yorke at Murthly Castle Perthshire.

On 07 Sep 1876 Lieutenant-Colonel Oliver Cyril Spencer Watson was born to William Spencer Burton Watson (age 40).

After 07 Sep 1883. Memorial to Isabella Irby Countess Orkney (deceased) at St Nicholas Church, Whiston [Map].

Isabella Irby Countess Orkney: On 11 Mar 1807 she was born to George Irby 3rd Baron Boston and Rachel Ives Drake Baroness Boston. On 14 Mar 1826 Thomas Fitzmaurice 5th Earl Orkney and she were married. On 30 Dec 1831 Mary O'Brien 4th Countess Orkney died. Her grandson Thomas Fitzmaurice 5th Earl Orkney succeeded 5th Earl Orkney. She by marriage Countess Orkney. On 07 Sep 1883 Isabella Irby Countess Orkney died.

On 07 Sep 1910 William Holman Hunt (age 83) died. He was buried at St Paul's Cathedral [Map].

On 07 Sep 1921 Friedrich Heyser (age 63) died.

After 07 Sep 1933. Church of the Holy Trinity Embleton [Map]. Memorial to Edward Grey 1st Viscount Fallodon (deceased) and Dorothy Widdrington.

Dorothy Widdrington: she was born to S F Widdrington of Newton Hall in Northumberland. In 1885 Edward Grey 1st Viscount Fallodon and she were married. In Feb 1906 she died in a road accident.

Births on the 7th September

On 07 Sep 1241 Unknown Brus was born at Marseilles, France. He was buried at Gisborough Priory [Map].

On 07 Sep 1395 Reginald West 6th Baron De La Warr 3rd Baron West was born to Thomas West 1st Baron West (age 30) and Joan Ware Baroness West

On 07 Sep 1438 Joanna Valois was born to Charles "Victorious" VII King France (age 35) and Marie Valois Anjou Queen Consort France (age 33). Coefficient of inbreeding 3.89%.

On 07 Sep 1438 Marie Valois was born to Charles "Victorious" VII King France (age 35) and Marie Valois Anjou Queen Consort France (age 33). Coefficient of inbreeding 3.89%.

On 07 Sep 1523 Alice Bradbridge was born to William Bradbridge at Chichester [Map].

On 07 Sep 1533 Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland was born to Henry VIII (age 42) and Queen Anne Boleyn of England (age 32).

On 07 Sep 1601 Edmund Prideaux was born.

On 07 Sep 1615 Colonel John Birch was born.

On 20 Nov 1626 Samuel Knightley was born to Richard Knightley (age 46). On 07 Sep 1628 he died.

On 07 Sep 1628 William Courtenay 5th Earl Devon was born to Francis Courtenay 4th Earl Devon (age 52) and Mary Pole (age 42).

On 07 Sep 1629 John Perceval 1st Baronet was born.

On 07 Sep 1634 Richard Bulkeley 1st Baronet was born to Archdeacon William Bulkeley and Elizabeth Mainwaring.

On 07 Sep 1656 Robert Molesworth 1st Viscount Molesworth was born to Robert Molesworth posthumously two days after his father's death.

On 07 Sep 1664 Thomas Morgan was born to William Morgan (age 24) and Blanche Morgan.

On 07 Sep 1687 Herbert Mackworth was born.

On 07 Sep 1697 Frances Lister was born to Thomas Lister of Coleby in Lincolnshire (age 40).

On 07 Sep 1704 John Hope 2nd Earl Hopetoun was born to Charles Hope 1st Earl Hopetoun (age 23) and Henrietta Johnstone (age 21).

On 07 Sep 1713 James Agar was born to James Agar (age 41) and Mary Wemyss (age 48).

On 07 Sep 1735 Thomas Coutts was born.

On 07 Sep 1753 Timothy Shelley 2nd Baronet was born to Bysshe Shelley 1st Baronet (age 22) and Mary Catherine Michell (age 19).

On 07 Sep 1771 Harriet Courtenay Baroness Carteret was born to William Courtenay 8th Earl Devon (age 28) and Frances Clack Countess Devon.

On 07 Sep 1790 Harriet Legge was born to George Legge 3rd Earl Dartmouth (age 34) and Frances Finch Countess Dartmouth (age 29).

On 07 Sep 1795 John William Polidori was born to Gaetano Fedele Polidori (age 32) and Anna Maria Pierce of Middlesex (age 21).

On 07 Sep 1799 Thomas Baring was born to Thomas Baring 2nd Baronet (age 27) and Mary Ursula Sealy Lady Baring (age 25).

On 07 Sep 1806 Arthur Rivers Malet was born to Charles Warre Malet 1st Baronet (age 53).

On 07 Sep 1813 Francis Lupton III was born to William Lupton III (age 36).

On 07 Sep 1817 Queen Louise Hesse-Kassel of Denmark was born to William Hesse-Kassel (age 29) and Princess Charlotte of Denmark (age 27). She a great x 2 granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 07 Sep 1840 Theodosia Mary Royds was born to Reverend Charles Smith Royds (age 40) and Mary Anne Twemlow. She was baptised on 04 Oct 1840 at St Giles' Church, Haughton [Map].

On 07 Sep 1841 Samuel Hoare 1st Baronet was born to John Gurney Hoare (age 31) and Caroline Barclay (age 29).

On 07 Sep 1863 Winifred Anna Dallas Yorke Duchess Portland was born to Thomas Dallas Yorke at Murthly Castle Perthshire.

On 07 Sep 1863 John Baring 2nd Baron Revelstoke was born to Edward Baring 1st Baron Revelstoke (age 35) and Louisa Emily Charlotte Bulteel Baroness Revelstoke (age 24).

On 07 Sep 1876 Lieutenant-Colonel Oliver Cyril Spencer Watson was born to William Spencer Burton Watson (age 40).

On 07 Sep 1877 Alberta Sturges Countess Sandwich was born to William Sturges of New York City.

On 07 Sep 1885 Leonard Vyvyan Heathcote 10th Baronet was born to Reverend Gilbert Vyvyan Heathcote (age 55) and Mary Henrietta Perceval. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.13%.

On 07 Sep 1905 Cyril Reginald Egerton was born to Francis William George Egerton (age 30).

On 07 Sep 1918 Mary Rose Fitzroy was born to William Henry Alfred Fitzroy and Auriol Margaretta Brougham.

Marriages on the 7th September

After 07 Sep 1472 James Strangeways (age 17) and Alice Scrope were married. They were half second cousin once removed. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 07 Sep 1533 Charles Brandon 1st Duke of Suffolk (age 49) and Catherine Willoughby Duchess Suffolk (age 14) were married. She by marriage Duchess Suffolk. The difference in their ages was 35 years.

On 07 Sep 1615 Gervase Clifton 1st Baronet (age 27) and Frances Clifford Lady Clifton were married. She by marriage Lady Clifton of Clifton in Nottinghamshire. She the daughter of Francis Clifford 4th Earl of Cumberland (age 56) and Grisold Hughes Countess Cumberland.

Before 07 Sep 1634 Archdeacon William Bulkeley and Elizabeth Mainwaring were married.

On 07 Sep 1637 Philip Wharton 4th Baron Wharton (age 24) and Jane Goodwin Baroness Wharton (age 19) were married. She by marriage Baroness Wharton.

On 07 Sep 1661 Edward Seymour 4th Baronet (age 28) and Margaret Wale were married.

On 07 Sep 1683 Hopton Williams 3rd Baronet (age 20) and Frances Williams were married. According to Peter Le Neve (age 22) Williams (age 20) proved not only a faithless but a violent husband, 'often reviling, abusing, beating and kicking her, and threatening to murder her'. A prolonged liaison in the early 1690s with a butcher's wife in Llangibby, while he was living nearby at Lau Cays in Usk, culminated in his separating from his wife, whom he placed in lodgings with their two children. After she had rejected an offer of £5 p.a. to make the separation permanent, he cut off all maintenance and abandoned her and the children to the 'charity' of her family and friends. He eventually removed to Westminster, where he lived as man and wife with one Anne Warner, another victim of his propensity for physical violence. By this time he had become, in his wife's words, 'one of the Queen's Life Guards'. A further improvement in his circumstances, namely succession to the Llangibby estate valued as being worth over £1,400 p.a. in about 1709, encouraged his wife to institute proceedings for divorce in the ecclesiastical courts. She, meanwhile, had returned to Usk and established herself in a house there, only for Williams to discover the fact and sell off all her furniture and household goods, leaving her once again destitute. Her process in the court of arches was inhibited when on 10 Nov. 1705 the newly elected Williams claimed a breach of parliamentary privilege, and although the committee of privileges never reported its adjudication, the divorce action lapsed, possibly in consequence of an out-of-court agreement.

After 07 Sep 1698 Peter Plunkett 4th Earl of Fingall (age 20) and Frances Hales Countess Fingall were married. He the son of Luke Plunkett 3rd Earl of Fingall and Margaret Maccarthy Countess Fingall.

On 07 Sep 1760 Richard Wingfield 3rd Viscount Powerscourt (age 29) and Amelia Stratford Viscountess Powerscourt were married. She the daughter of John Stratford 1st Earl Aldborough (age 62).

On 07 Sep 1761 James Lowther 1st Earl Lonsdale (age 25) and Mary Stuart Countess Lonsdale (age 20) were married. She the daughter of John Stuart 3rd Earl Bute (age 48) and Mary Wortley-Montagu Countess Bute (age 43).

On 07 Sep 1773 Reverend Walter Bagot (age 41) and Anne Swinnerton were married.

On 07 Sep 1824 William Neville 4th Earl Abergavenny (age 32) and Caroline Leeke Countess Abergavenny were married. He the son of Henry Neville 2nd Earl Abergavenny (age 69) and Mary Robinson Countess Abergavenny.

On 07 Sep 1841 Robert George Cecil Fane (age 45) and Harriet Anne Blackwood were married. They lived at 4 Upper Brook Street, Mayfair.

On 07 Sep 1854 Francis L'Esrange Astley (age 44) and Florence Conyngham were married. The difference in their ages was 56 years. She the daughter of George Henry Conyngham 3rd Marquess Conyngham (age 29) and Jane St Maur Blanche Stanhope Marchioness Conyngham (age 21). She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 07 Sep 1869 George Cecil Orlando Bridgeman 4th Earl Bradford (age 24) and Ida Frances Annabella Lumley Countess Bradford (age 20) were married. She the daughter of Richard Lumley 9th Earl Scarborough (age 56) and Adeliza Drummond Countess Scarborough. He the son of Orlando Bridgeman 3rd Earl Bradford (age 50) and Selina Weld-Forester Countess Bradford. They were second cousin once removed.

On 07 Sep 1880 Captain Henry Montague Spencer (age 28) and Ethel Louisa Beresford (age 24) were married. He a great x 5 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 07 Sep 1905 Mathew Richard Henry Wilson 4th Baronet (age 30) and Barbrara Lister (age 25) were married. They had three children.

Deaths on the 7th September

On 07 Sep 781 Bishop Alchmund of Hexham died.

After 07 Sep 978 Gerberge Reginarids Countess Vermandois (age 43) died.

On 07 Sep 1151 Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy (age 38) died at Château du Loir [Map]. He was buried at St Julien's Cathedral [Map].

On 07 Sep 1191 James Avesnes (age 39) died.

On 07 Sep 1241 Peter Bruce (age 56) died at Marseilles, France.

On 07 Sep 1288 Agnes Dampierre Countess Artois and Charolais (age 51) died.

On 07 Sep 1312 Ferdinand IV King Castile IV King Leon (age 26) died. His son Alfonso "Avenger" XI King Castile (age 1) succeeded XI King Castile.

On 07 Sep 1338 Henry Scrope (age 70) died.

On 07 Sep 1376 Jean Grailly (age 45) died.

On 07 Sep 1384 John Harsick III died. Brass in Church of St George, South Acre [Map] of John Harsick III and his wife Catherine Calthorpe holding hands. Great Helm with Feathers. Camail and Jupon Period. His coat of arms Harsick. Her showing Harsick Arms impaled with Calthorp Arms. At his feet a lion couchant, at hers a dog couchant. Inscription: Hic iacet Dns. Johes. Harsick Miles eiusoem Nominis tertius, qui obiit Serto die Septembris Ano Dni. Mccclxxxiv. cuius anime propicictur Deus Amen, et Domina Katherina Uxor.

John Harsick III: he was born to John Harsick II. In 1377 he was appointed High Sheriff of Norfolk. In or before 1384 John Harsick III and Catherine Calthorpe were married. In 1384 John Harsick III made his will on the Wednesday after the decollation of St. John Baptist. He bequeaths several legacies to the Lady Catharine his wife, his eldest son John, and to his son Eudo Harsick, the manor of Stanhow in Norfolk for life, remainder to his son Brian.

Catherine Calthorpe: she was born to Bartholemew Calthorpe.

Before 07 Sep 1391 William Botreaux 1st Baron Botreaux (age 54) died. On 07 Sep 1391 His son William Botreaux 2nd Baron Botreaux (age 24) succeeded 2nd Baron Botreaux.

On 07 Sep 1394 Adolph La Marck (age 60) died.

On 07 Sep 1402 John Wrottesley (age 22) died.

On 07 Sep 1405 James Butler 3rd Earl Ormonde (age 46) died. His son James "White Earl" Butler 4th Earl Ormonde (age 12) succeeded 4th Earl Ormonde.

On 07 Sep 1423 Bertrand IV Count Auvergne (age 63) died. His son Bertrand Auvergne V Count Auvergne (age 33) succeeded V Count Auvergne.

On 07 Sep 1436 Gilbert Hay (age 40) died.

On 07 Sep 1458 Maria Trastámara Queen Consort Aragon (age 56) died.

On 07 Sep 1464 Frederick II Duke Saxony (age 52) died.

On 07 Sep 1486 Thomas Spring died.

Before 07 Sep 1496 William Paston (age 61) died.

On 07 Sep 1516 Christopher Pickering (age 26) died.

On 07 Sep 1558 Bishop James Brooks (age 46) died.

On 07 Sep 1564 John Lyon (age 50) died

On 07 Sep 1572 Henry Jerningham of Cotesby Hall (age 60) died.

On 07 Sep 1573 Joanna of Austria Princess Portugal (age 38) died.

On 07 Sep 1589 (possibly 08 Sep 1589) Jane Kennedy Lady in Waiting drowned when crossing the River Forth.

On 07 Sep 1621 Peter Warburton (age 81) died.

Before 07 Sep 1622 Governor Thomas Gates died.

On 07 Sep 1623 Ralph Grey (age 71) died at Chillingham [Map].

On 07 Sep 1626 Thomas Chapman (age 40) died.

On 07 Sep 1626 Edward Villiers (age 41) died.

On 07 Sep 1633 Francis Smallman (age 68) died. He was buried at St James' Church, Kinnersley [Map] on 09 Sep 1633. He had made his will on 20 Jul 1633 leaving his only daughter a portion of £1,000. His son William Smallman of Kinnersley Castle (age 18) inherited Kinnersley Castle, Herefordshire [Map].

On 07 Sep 1645 Christopher Swale died.

On 05 Sep 1677 Henry Oldenburg (age 58) died at his home in Pall Mall [Map]. He was buried at the Church of St Mary the Virgin, Bexley on 07 Sep 1677.

On 07 Sep 1681 Michael Honywood (age 84) died. He has a memorial at Lincoln Cathedral [Map].

Michael Honywood: On 01 Oct 1596 he was born to Robert Honywood and Elizabeth Browne. On 12 Oct 1660 Michael Honywood was installed as Dean of Lincoln.

On 07 Sep 1696 John Powell (age 64) died.

On 07 Sep 1728 Henry Clinton 7th Earl Lincoln (age 44) died. His son George Clinton 8th Earl Lincoln (age 10) succeeded 8th Earl Lincoln.

On 07 Sep 1731 Daniel Pulteney (age 47) died in Harefield. He was buried in Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 07 Sep 1759 Edward Richard 8th Earl Warwick 5th Earl Holland (age 64) died without male issue. He was buried at St Mary Abbots Church, Kensington. Earl Warwick, Earl Holland, and Baron Rich of Leez extinct.

On 07 Sep 1763 George Ludwig of Holstein-Gottorp (age 44) died.

On 07 Sep 1775 Mary Herbert died.

On 07 Sep 1779 Catherina de Jong Jong died at Sheen.

On 07 Sep 1798 Peter Soame 4th Baronet (age 91) died. Baronet Soame of Thurlow in Suffolk extinct.

On 07 Sep 1801 Arthur Hill 2nd Marquess Downshire (age 48) committed suicide suspected to be as a consequence of his political life. His son Arthur Blundell Sandys Trumbull Hill 3rd Marquess Downshire (age 12) succeeded 3rd Marquess Downshire.

On 07 Sep 1825 Orlando Bridgeman 1st Earl Bradford (age 63) died. His son George Bridgeman 2nd Earl Bradford (age 35) succeeded 2nd Earl Bradford, 2nd Viscount Newport of Shropshire, 3rd Baron Bradford in Shropshire, 7th Baronet Bridgeman of Great Lever in Lancashire. Georgina Elizabeth Moncrieffe Countess Bradford (age 35) by marriage Countess Bradford.

On 07 Sep 1859 Patrick James Herbert Crichton-Stuart (age 65) died.

On 07 Sep 1864 Elizabeth Hunter (age 72) died.

On 07 Sep 1869 Charles Stuart Champion (age 9) was killed accidentally at Offord and Buckden Railway Station. It isn't clear that is was a railway accident since no records for a railway accident on 07 Sep 1869 are extant.

In 07 Sep 1870 William Reginald Herbert (age 16) died at sea lost aboard the Captain.

On 07 Sep 1870 Lewis Gordon (age 22) drowned being lost at sea on board the Captain.

On 07 Sep 1871 Sybil Mary Grey Duchess St Albans (age 22) died.

On 07 Sep 1875 Poulett George Henry Somerset (age 53) died. He was buried at Nave, Bristol Cathedral.

On 07 Sep 1883 Isabella Irby Countess Orkney (age 76) died.

On 07 Sep 1883 Charlotte Georgiana Ponsonby died.

On 07 Sep 1884 John Lewis Duntze 3rd Baronet (age 75) died. His second cousin George Alexander Duntze 4th Baronet (age 45) succeeded 4th Baronet Duntze of Tiverton in Devon.

On 07 Sep 1903 Cecil Mina Dunn-Gardner (age 76) died.

On 07 Sep 1906 Mary Octavia Somerset (age 92) died.

On 07 Sep 1910 John Charles Francis Ramsden (age 74) died.

On 07 Sep 1910 William Holman Hunt (age 83) died. He was buried at St Paul's Cathedral [Map].

On 07 Sep 1921 Friedrich Heyser (age 63) died.

On 07 Sep 1948 Judith Elizabeth Corbet (age 85) died.

On 07 Sep 1954 Phyllis Mary Lycett Green died.

On 07 Sep 1965 John Ridgeley Carter died.

On 07 Sep 1965 Mildred Carter Countess Gosford (age 77) died.

On 07 Sep 1966 Beatrice Mary Egerton Baroness Rochdale (age 94) died.

On 07 Sep 1976 Claud Lambton (age 92) died.

On 07 Sep 1985 Alexander David Stewart (age 70) died.