On this Day in History ... 08 October

08 Oct is in October.

1453 Neville Percy Feud

1535 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

1915 Battle of Loos

On 08 Oct 1060 Hugh "Fair and Pious" Lusignan died. On 08 Oct 1060 His son Hugh "Devil" Lusignan VI Count Lusignan I Count La Marche (age 29) succeeded VI Count Lusignan.

On 08 Oct 1253 Bishop Robert Grosseteste (age 85) died. He was buried at Lincoln Cathedral [Map].

Before 08 Oct 1286 John Nesle III Count Soissons died. His son John Nesle IV Count Soissons succeeded IV Count Soissons.

On 08 Oct 1286 John "The Red" Capet I Duke Brittany (age 68) died. His son John Capet II Duke Brittany (age 47) succeeded 2nd Duke Brittany 1221 Dreux, 3rd Earl Richmond 2C 1218.

On 08 Oct 1307 Henry Tyeys 1st Baron Tyeys (age 42) died. His son Henry Tyeys 2nd Baron Tyeys (age 22) succeeded 2nd Baron Tyeys.

In or before 08 Oct 1361 John Beauchamp 3rd Baron Beauchamp Somerset (age 31) and Alice Beauchamp Baroness Beauchamp Somerset were married. Alice Beauchamp Baroness Beauchamp Somerset by marriage Baroness Beauchamp Somerset. She the daughter of Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick (age 48) and Katherine Mortimer Countess Warwick (age 47). She a great x 5 granddaughter of King John "Lackland" of England.

On 08 Oct 1361 John Beauchamp 3rd Baron Beauchamp Somerset (age 31) died.

Neville Percy Feud

On 08 Oct 1453, the council wrote to the earl of Westmorland (age 47) and congratulated him on not assisting the Middleham branch. It also wrote again to Salisbury (age 53) and Northumberland (age 60)

In retaliation, Sir John Neville raided the absent Earl of Northumberland's (age 60) house at Catton, in Yorkshire, and all but ruined it. The next day, Richard Percy attacked a house on Neville property. ESCALATION.

1535 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

Letters and Papers 1535. 08 Oct 1535. MS. 28, 588, f. 25. B. M. 565. Count of Cifuentes to Charles V.

Wrote on the day of the Pope's departure for Perosa. He is now returned, and is well, and desirous of seeing the Emperor. Was told by the Pope that the cardinal of Paris had said that the French king had sent to the king of England the brief touching help to be given for his deprivation, that he might the better understand the Pope's wishes, and be persuaded to return to his obedience to the Apostolic See. The messenger had not returned, as there was plague in London, and the King had gone inland. His Holiness denied that the French king had done this with his knowledge, but he believed that it would do good. Thought this unlikely; but the king of France would make his profit out of the brief with the king of England. The Pope said that he had been told that the Emperor had also sent on to the king of England the Pope's brief to himself on the same matter, which is incredible. Said that even if it were here, his intentions were very different to those of the French king. He replied that he was sure of that, and that he was contented with the answers given to the Nuncio about the Council, Camarino, and the Emperor's visit to Rome. The Pope said also that the king of England was labouring with certain princes and estates in Germany to prevent the Council. He had men there, and was sending others.

Wriothesley's Chronicle. The eight daie of October my Lord Protectors Grace (age 47) came from North home, and in Finsburie Fields my lord major, with the aldermen in their skarlett gownes, with certaine of the comens in their liveries with their hoodes, mett his Grace, the major and aldermen on horsebacke, and he ever tooke one of them by the handea, and after my lord major rode with him to the pounde in Smythfield [Map], where my Lord Protector tooke his leve of them, and so rode that night to his place at Shene [Map], and the morrowe after to the King (age 9) at Hampton Court [Map].

Note a. Probably a clerical error for "he tooke every one of them by the hand."


On 08 Oct 1585 Andrew Hay 8th Earl Erroll (age 54) died. His son Francis Hay 9th Earl Erroll (age 21) succeeded 9th Earl Erroll.

PAINTINGS/UNKNOWN/Thomas_howard_1st_Earl_Suffolk.jpg PAINTINGS/LARKIN/Catherine_Knyvet.png

Evelyn's Diary. 08 Oct 1641. Here I beheld the Palace wherein John of Gaunt and Charles V were born; whose statue stands in the market-place, upon a high pillar, with his sword drawn, to which (as I was told) the magistrates and burghers were wont to repair upon a certain day every year with ropes about their necks, in token of submission and penance for an old rebellion of theirs; but now the hemp is changed into a blue ribbon. Here is planted the basilisco, or great gun, so much talked of. The Lys and the Scheldt meeting in this vast city, divide it into twenty-six islands, which are united by many bridges, somewhat resembling Venice. This night I supped with the Abbot of Andoyne, a pleasant and courteous priest.


On 08 Oct 1655 Michael Wharton (age 78) died. Monument in Beverley Minster [Map]. Attributed to Thomas Stanton.

Michael Wharton: In 1577 he was born.

On 08 Oct 1656 John George Wettin Elector Saxony (age 71) died. His son John George Wettin Elector Saxony (age 43) succeeded Elector Saxony.

Pepy's Diary. 08 Oct 1665. This day I hear the Pope is dead; [a false report] and one said, that the newes is, that the King of France (age 27) is stabbed, but that the former is very true, which will do great things sure, as to the troubling of that part of the world, the King of Spayne (deceased)1 being so lately dead. And one thing more, Sir Martin Noell's (deceased) lady is dead with griefe for the death of her husband and nothing else, as they say, in the world; but it seems nobody can make anything of his estate, whether he be dead worth anything or no, he having dealt in so many things, publique and private, as nobody can understand whereabouts his estate is, which is the fate of these great dealers at everything. So after my business being done I home to my lodging and to bed,

Note 1. Philip IV., King of Spain (deceased), who succeeded to the throne in 1621, died in 1665. He was succeeded by his son Charles II (age 3).


Pepy's Diary. 08 Oct 1666. By and by comes down from the Committee Sir W. Coventry (age 38), and I find him troubled at several things happened this afternoon, which vexes me also; our business looking worse and worse, and our worke growing on our hands. Time spending, and no money to set anything in hand with; the end thereof must be speedy ruine. The Dutch insult and have taken off Bruant's head1, which they have not dared to do (though found guilty of the fault he did die for, of something of the Prince of Orange's (age 15) faction) till just now, which speaks more confidence in our being worse than before. Alderman Maynell, I hear, is dead.

Note 1. Captain Du Buat, a Frenchman in the Dutch service, plotted with two magistrates of Rotterdam to obtain a peace with England as the readiest means of pressing the elevation of the Prince of Orange to the office of Captain-General. He was brought before the Supreme Court of Holland, condemned, and executed. He had been one of the household of the Prince of Orange who were dismissed by De Witt.


Pepy's Diary. 08 Oct 1667. At last, rose, and up, and broke our fast, and then took coach, and away, and at Newport [Map] did call on Mr. Lowther (age 26), and he and his friend, and the master of the house, their friend, where they were, a gentleman, did presently get a-horseback and overtook us, and went with us to Audley-End [Map], and did go along with us all over the house and garden: and mighty merry we were. The house indeed do appear very fine, but not so fine as it hath heretofore to me; particularly the ceilings are not so good as I always took them to be, being nothing so well wrought as my Chancellor's (age 58) are; and though the figure of the house without be very extraordinary good, yet the stayre-case is exceeding poor; and a great many pictures, and not one good one in the house but one of Harry the Eighth, done by Holben; and not one good suit of hangings in all the house, but all most ancient things, such as I would not give the hanging-up of in my house; and the other furniture, beds and other things, accordingly1. Only the gallery is good, and, above all things, the cellars, where we went down and drank of much good liquor; and indeed the cellars are fine: and here my wife and I did sing to my great content.

Note 1. Mr. George T. Robinson, F.S.A., in a paper on "Decorative Plaster Work", read before the Society of Arts in April, 1891, refers to the ceilings at Audley End as presenting an excellent idea of the state of the stuccoer's art in the middle of James I's reign, and adds, "Few houses in England can show so fine a series of the same date ... The great hall has medallions in the square portions of the ceiling formed by its dividing timber beams. The large saloon on the principal floor-a room about 66 feet long by 30 feet wide-has a very remarkable ceiling of the pendentive type, which presents many peculiarities, the most notable of which, that these not only depend from the ceiling, but the outside ones spring from the walls in a natural and structural manner. This is a most unusual circumstance in the stucco work of the time, the reason for the omission of this reasonable treatment evidently being the unwillingness of the stuccoer to omit his elaborate frieze in which he took such delight" ("Journal Soc. of Arts", vol. xxxix., p. 449).


On 08 Oct 1672 Thomas Turner Dean Canterbury (age 81) died. He was buried in the Dean's Chapel Canterbury Cathedral.

On 08 Oct 1691 Bishop Thomas Barlow (age 83) died. He was buried in the Chancel of St Mary's Church, Buckden [Map].

PAINTINGS/CRADOCK/Nell_Gwynne.jpgBefore 08 Oct 1699 Mary Beale aka Cradock (age 66) (attributed). Portrait of Nell Gwyn.

PAINTINGS/CRADOCK/Elizabeth_Carey.jpgBefore 08 Oct 1699 Mary Beale aka Cradock (age 66). Portrait of Elizabeth Carey Baroness Savile.

Elizabeth Carey Baroness Savile: In 1570 she was born to Edward Carey (age 30) and Catherine Knyvet Baroness Geneville Beaudasert (age 27). On 20 Nov 1586 John Savile 1st Baron Savile (age 30) and Elizabeth Carey Baroness Savile (age 16) were married. They were fourth cousins. On 21 Jul 1628 John Savile 1st Baron Savile (age 72) was created 1st Baron Savile of Pomfret. Elizabeth Carey Baroness Savile (age 58) by marriage Baroness Savile of Pomfret. On 22 Jun 1634 Elizabeth Carey Baroness Savile (age 64) died.

PAINTINGS/CRADOCK/Isabella_Sackville.jpgBefore 08 Oct 1699 Mary Beale aka Cradock (age 66). Portrait of Isabella Sackville Countess Northampton (age 77).

Isabella Sackville Countess Northampton: On 06 Oct 1622 she was born to Richard Sackville 3rd Earl Dorset (age 33) and Anne Clifford Countess Dorset and Pembroke (age 32). In 1647 James Compton 3rd Earl of Northampton (age 24) and Isabella Sackville Countess Northampton (age 24) were married. She by marriage Countess of Northampton. She the daughter of Richard Sackville 3rd Earl Dorset and Anne Clifford Countess Dorset and Pembroke (age 56). He the son of Spencer Compton 2nd Earl of Northampton and Mary Beaumont Countess of Northampton (age 43). They were half fourth cousins. On 22 Aug 1719 Isabella Sackville Countess Northampton (age 96) died at Compton Wynyates.

PAINTINGS/CRADOCK/Harry_Mordaunt.jpgBefore 08 Oct 1699 Mary Beale aka Cradock (age 66). Portrait of Lieutenant-General Harry Mordaunt (age 36).

Lieutenant-General Harry Mordaunt: On 29 Mar 1663 he was born to John Mordaunt 1st Viscount Mordaunt (age 36) and Elizabeth Carey Viscountess Mordaunt (age 31) at Parsons Green Farm Fulham. On 22 Jul 1706 Lieutenant-General Harry Mordaunt (age 43) and Margaret Spencer (age 26) were married. They were fourth cousins. Before 04 Jan 1720 Lieutenant-General Harry Mordaunt (age 56) and Penelope Tipping were married. On 04 Jan 1720 Lieutenant-General Harry Mordaunt (age 56) died.

On 08 Oct 1718 Richard Cumberland Bishop (age 86) died. He was buried the next day at Peterborough Cathedral [Map]. Sculpted by Thomas Green of Camberwell (age 59).

On 08 Oct 1786 Alexander Home 9th Earl of Home died. His son Alexander Ramey Home 10th Earl of Home (age 16) succeeded 10th Earl of Home.


Before 08 Oct 1821 Henry Thomas Liddell 1st Earl Ravensworth (age 24) and Isabella Horatia Seymour were married. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 08 Oct 1822 George Montagu 6th Duke Manchester (age 23) and Millicent Sparrow Duchess Manchester (age 24) were married. He the son of William Montagu 5th Duke Manchester (age 50) and Susan Gordon Duchess Manchester.


On 08 Oct 1847 Robert Gordon (age 56) died by choking on a fish bone. Prince Albert Saxe Coburg Gotha (age 28) bought Balmoral estate from his trustees a year later as a gift for his wife Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom (age 28).

On 08 Oct 1873 Arthur Hay 9th Marquess Tweedale (age 48) and Julia Charlotte Sophia Stewart-Mackenzie Marchoness Tweedale (age 27) were married. The difference in their ages was 21 years. He the son of George Hay 8th Marquess Tweedale (age 86) and Susan Montagu Marchioness Teviotdale.


On 08 Oct 1881 Florence Chaplin was born to Henry Chaplin 1st Viscount Chaplin (age 40) and Florence Sutherland Leveson-Gower (age 26). Florence Sutherland Leveson-Gower (age 26) died from childbirth two days later. She was buried in the churchyard of St Oswald's Church, Blankney. Her husband's account of her last days .... Lady Florence's second daughter was born on Saturday, and her birth was followed by convulsions from which she never recovered consciousness. Through the night Dr. Brook and her husband watched by her, and on Sunday there was a slight improvement which continued throughout the day. "At that time ", says Mr. Chaplin (age 40)," my spirit had revived, and I allowed myself, foolishly perhaps, to become quite sanguine—only, alas, to be bitterly disappointed." On Sunday evening the breathing again became more rapid, and on Monday afternoon "my darling passed away, with her head resting on my (age 40) shoulder, and with the most beautiful expression on her face as she died".

After 08 Oct 1881. Monument to Florence Sutherland Leveson-Gower (deceased) commissioned by her husband Henry Chaplin 1st Viscount Chaplin (age 40), sculpted by Joseph Edgar Boehm (age 47). His memoir by his his daughter Edith ... "After her funeral at Blankney Mr. Chaplin returned a stricken man to Dunrobin. To the end of his life the memory of this radiant being, who for five years had given him perfect happiness, held the most sacred place in his memory—a place which was never to be usurped by another woman. He found some consolation in commissioning the beautiful kneeling marble figure of Lady Florence (deceased) by Sir Edgar Boehm (age 47), which he placed in the church of St. Oswald at Blankney — the church in which she had taken so deep an interest.

On 08 Oct 1892 Ralph Heneage Dutton (age 71) died. He was buried at Timsbury [Map]. On 27 Feb 1895 Isabella Mansfield (age 70) died. Memorials in Saint Mary Magdalene's Church, Sherborne [Map] to Ralph Heneage Dutton (age 71) and Isabella Mansfield (age 67).

On 08 Oct 1908 George Child-Villiers 8th Earl of Jersey (age 35) and Cynthia Almina Needham Countess Jersey were married. She the daughter of Francis Needham 3rd Earl of Kilmorey (age 66). He the son of Victor Albert George Child-Villiers 7th Earl Jersey (age 63) and Margaret Elizabeth Leigh Countess Jersey (age 58).

Battle of Loos

From 25 Sep 1915 and 08 Oct 1915 the Battle of Loos was fought in France on the Western Front.

PAINTINGS/BLANCHE/Marjorie_Manner.jpg PAINTINGS/BASSANO/Victoria_Manners.jpg PAINTINGS/BASSANO/Victoria_Manners_2.jpg

On 08 Oct 1930 John Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes 11th or 17th Baron Saye and Sele died. Geoffrey Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes 12th or 18th Baron Saye and Sele (age 72) succeeded 12th or 18th Baron Saye and Sele 1C 1447.

On 08 Oct 1947 Norton Knatchbull 3rd Earl Mountbatten of Burma was born to John Knatchbull 7th Baron Brabourne (age 22) and Patricia Mountbatten 2nd Countess Mountbatten of Burma (age 23). He a great x 3 grandson of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

On 08 Oct 1988 Charles Beauclerk 13th Duke St Albans (age 73) died. His son Murray Beauclerk 14th Duke St Albans (age 49) succeeded 14th Duke St Albans 1C 1684, 14th Earl Burford, 14th Baron Heddington.

On 08 Oct 1993 David Armstrong-Jones 2nd Earl of Snowdon (age 32) and Serena Stanhope (age 23) were married. She the daughter of Charles Stanhope 12th Earl of Harrington (age 48). He the son of Antony Armstrong-Jones 1st Earl of Snowdon (age 63) and Princess Margaret (age 63). He a grandson of King George VI of the United Kingdom.