On this Day in History ... 12th April

12 Apr is in April.

1385 Double Marrige of the Burgundian Court

1477 Trial and Execution of Ankarette Twynyho

1533 Anne Boleyn's First Appearance as Queen

1587 Singeing the King of Spain's Beard

1689 Coronation William III and Mary II

1692 William III Creation of New Lords

1961 First Manned Space Flight

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 12th April

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 626. This year came Eamer from Cwichelm, king of the West-Saxons, with a design to assassinate King Edwin (age 40); but he killed Lilla his thane, and Forthere, and wounded the king (age 40). The same night a daughter was born to Edwin (age 40), whose name was Eanfleda. Then promised the king to Paulinus, that he would devote his daughter to God, if he would procure at the hand of God, that he might destroy his enemy, who had sent the assassin to him. He then advanced against the West-Saxons with an army, felled on the spot five kings, and slew many of their men. This year Eanfleda, the daughter of King Edwin (age 40), was baptized, on the holy eve of Pentecost. And the king within twelve months was baptized, at Easter, with all his people. Easter was then on the twelfth of April. This was done at York [Map], where he had ordered a church to be built of timber, which was hallowed in the name of St. Peter. There the king gave the bishopric to Paulinus; and there he afterwards ordered a larger church to be built of stone. This year Penda began to reign; and reigned thirty winters. He had seen fifty winters when he began to reign. Penda was the son of Wybba, Wybba of Creoda, Creoda of Cynewald, Cynewald of Cnebba, Cnebba of Icel, Icel of Eomer, Eomer of Angelthew, Angelthew of Offa, Offa of Wearmund, Wearmund of Whitley, Whitley of Woden.

On 12 Apr 996 Otto III King Italy III King Germany III Holy Roman Emperor (age 15) was appointed III King Italy.

On 12 Apr 1256 Margaret Bourbon Queen Consort Navarre (age 39) died.

On 12 Apr 1385 a double wedding of the Burgundian Court was celebrated with brother and sister John "Fearless" Valois Duke Burgundy (age 13) and Margaret Valois Countess Holland (age 10) getting married ...

John "Fearless" Valois Duke Burgundy (age 13) and Margaret Wittelsbach Duchess Burgundy (age 22) were married. She the daughter of Albert Wittelsbach I Duke Bavaria (age 48) and Margaret Silesia. He the son of Philip "Bold" Valois II Duke Burgundy (age 43) and Margaret Dampierre Duchess Burgundy (age 37). They were third cousins. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

William Wittelsbach IV Count Holland VI Count Hainault V Count Zeeland (age 20) and Margaret Valois Countess Holland (age 10) were married. She the daughter of Philip "Bold" Valois II Duke Burgundy (age 43) and Margaret Dampierre Duchess Burgundy (age 37). He the son of Albert Wittelsbach I Duke Bavaria (age 48) and Margaret Silesia. They were third cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

On 12 Apr 1477 Ankarette Hawkeston aka Twynyho was arrested at Keyford, Somerset and taken to Bath, Somerset [Map]. George York 1st Duke of Clarence (age 27) believed she had murdered his wife Isabel Neville Duchess Clarence who had died four months before.

On 13 Apr 1477 Ankarette Hawkeston aka Twynyho taken to Cirencester, Gloucestershire [Map].

On 15 Apr 1477 Ankarette Hawkeston aka Twynyho and John Thursby were hanged at Myton Gallows, Warwick [Map].

Calendars. April 12. [1533] Sanuto Diaries, v. lviii. p. 81.

On the Monday in Passion week1 Parliament (il Parlamento) [and Convocation ?] assembled. They decided that the marriage of Queen Catharine to the King is null, and that he may marry (poter prender moter); and they have abolished (lecato) the appeal to the Pope. Henceforth, no one may contract marriage by dispensation, but solely as conceded by holy writ, and the sacred canons; so that the dispensation of Pope Julius is void. They have also abrogated the dispensation for holding a plurality of benefices with cure of souls, and for nonage, and other things. They have prohibited obedience to papal monitions and interdicts. The Bishop of Rochester [John Fisher] having publicly opposed these measures, on Palm Sunday [6th April], he was arrested, and given in custody to the Bishop of Winchester [Stephen Gardiner (age 50)]; and three days ago he was sent to reside at a place of his (ad uno locho suo) and is not to go more than a mile beyond it.

Parliament has been prorogued (si levò) until Whitsuntide, which will be on the 6th of June.

Three days ago, the King; sent the Dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk and the Marquis of Exeter (il Marcheze di Anal sic) to notify to the Queen the decision made in Parliament about the divorce, and the new marriage; exhorting her to yield, and secede (rinmorersi) from the judgment of the “Rota.” She replied that she knew not, and was unable to imagine, how such a matter could have been terminated, the decision not having been made by a legitimate judge; and with regard to a new marriage, she believed nothing whatever, knowing the King her husband to be most sage and holy supientissimo et suntissimo. As to yielding to the sentence, she said that although it was her wish to satisfy his Majesty in everything, yet is it beyond her power to do so on this occasion not choosing to peril the salvation of her soul, and disobey the law of God who united her to his Majesty; and that recourse must be had to the true judge and vicar of the Lord. Subsequently the Imperial Ambassador went to the King, and spoke to him molto altamente.

This morning of Easter Eve, the Marchioness Anne (age 32) went with the King to high mass, as Queen, and with all the pomp of a Queen, clad in cloth of gold, and loaded (carga) with the richest jewels; and she dined in public; although they have not yet proclaimed the decision of the Parliament [Convocation ?].

I hear on good authority that the conclusion of the peace with Scotland is expected.

I am assured that some months ago, his Majesty espoused her, and that she bore him a son who is several months old. (Mivien afirmato za più mezi questa Mta averla sposata, e aver uno fiol di qualche meze con lei).

Four days ago, Mons. de Beove [Beauvoir] arrived here with the son (age 30) of the Earl of Wiltshire (age 56), and he told me he hoped the affairs between his Majesty and Scotland will be adjusted; and Dom. Silvestro Dario, the papal nuncio late in Scotland, tells me King James will be satisfied with fair terms, without which he will do nothing, and the Scots would rather die than submit; they plunder the English daily, and their King is dependent on the Emperor.

On the 5th a gentleman came hither to the King from the Duke of Saxony his cousin (germano suo), with letters from Frederick Count Palatine—who last year commanded the troops sent in favour of the Emperor by the Free Towns and other potentates of Germany—to request his Majesty to join their League; and they are holding a Diet, in which, should his Majesty choose, he will have great authority. This envoy went first to France, and he has not yet been despatched.

London, 12th April. Registered by Sanuto 8th May.

[Italian.]

Note 1. In the year 1533 the 13th of April was Easter day, so the case was decided by the “Convocation” or Parliament on the 7th April 1533.”

On 12 Apr 1533, Saturday, Easter Eve, Queen Anne Boleyn of England (age 32) made her first appearance as Queen attending mass at the Queen's Closet at Greenwich Palace [Map]. She was accompanied by sixty ladies including Margaret "Madge" Shelton.

The Venetian Ambassdor reported ... "This morning of Easter Eve, the Marchioness Anne went with the King (age 41) to high mass, as Queen, and with all the pomp of a Queen, clad in cloth of gold, and loaded (carga) with the richest jewels; and she dined in public; although they have not yet proclaimed the decision of the Parliament.".

Wriothesley's Chronicle 1530-1539. 12 Apr 1533. Memorandum: the 12th day of Aprill, Anno Domini 1533, beinge Easter eaven, Anne Bulleine (age 32), Marques of Pembroke,d was proclaymed Queene at Greenewych, and ofired that daie in the Kinges Chappell as Queene of England.e

Note d. Anne Boleyn (age 32) was raised to the dignity of Marchioness of Pembroke on Sunday, September 1st, 1532, at Windsor Castle, an honour which had never before been conferred on any unmarried female.

Note e. She had been some months preriously married to Henry VIII in great privacy by Dr. Rowland Lee (age 46), afterwards Bishop of Lichfield and Coyentry, but whether the marriage took place, as Sanders says, November 14th, 1532, on their arrival at Dover from France, or was deferred, as Cranmer (age 43) [?] supposed, to January 25th, 1533, still remains uncertain.

Hall's Chronicle 1533. After the King perceiving his new wife Queen Anne (age 32), to be great with child, caused all officers necessary, to be appointed to her, and so on Easter eve, she went to her Closet openly as Queen, with all solemnity, and then the King appointed the day of her Coronation, to be kept on Whit Sunday next following, and writings were sent to all Shires, to certify the names of men of forty pound, to receive the Order of Knighthood, or else to make a fine: the assessment of which fines, were appointed to Thomas Cromwell, Master of the Kings Jewel House, and counsellor to the king, and newly in his high favour, which so politicly handled the matter, that he raised of that seizing of fines, a great sum of money to the Kings use. Also the King wrote letters to the city of London, to prepare pageants against the same coronation.

Letters and Papers 1533. 12 Apr 1533. 12 April. Granvelle Papers, II. 22. 331. Charles V. to his Ambassador in France.

Has received his letters of 15 March and 4 April, and those of the Queen, &c.... Has written already of his disembarcation at Marseilles, and the treatment shown him there. As to the king of England's marriage with Anne Boleyn (age 32), the Imperial ambassador had written of it as a rumor before Easter, but he did not know it for certain. Has heard nothing from him since. Knows not if his letters have been detained. Praises the honest expressions of Francis about this marriage, the good counsel he had given the King, and the sympathy he had expressed for Katharine. Thought the proposed interview of the Pope and Francis had been dropped, &c. Barcelona, 12 April 1533. Fr.

Calendars. 15 Apr 1533. 1061. Eustace Chapuys (age 43) to the Emperor (age 33).

On Saturday, the eve of Easter, Lady Anne (age 32) went to mass in truly Royal state, loaded with diamonds and other precious stones, and dressed in a gorgeous suit of tissue, the train of which was carried by the daughter (age 14) of the duke of Norfolk (age 60), betrothed to the Duke of Richmond (age 13). She was followed by numerous damsels, and conducted to and from the church [Map] with the same or perhaps greater ceremonies and solemnities than those used with former Queens on such occasions. She has now changed her title of marchioness for that of Queen, and preachers specially name her so in their church prayers. At which all people here are perfectly astonished, for the whole thing seems a dream, and even those who support her party do not know whether to laugh or cry at it. The King (age 41) is watching what sort of mien the people put on at this, and solicits his nobles to visit and pay their court to his new Queen, whom he purposes to have crowned after Easter in the most solemn manner, and it is said that there will be banqueting and tournaments on the occasion. Indeed some think that Clarence, the king-at-arms who left for France four days ago, is gone for the purpose of inviting knights for the tournament in imitation of the Most Christian King when he celebrated his own nuptials. I cannot say whether the coronation will take place before or after these festivities, but I am told that this King (age 41) has secretly arranged with the archbishop of Canterbury (age 43), that in virtue of his office, and without application from anyone he is to summon him before his court as having two wives, upon which, without sending for the Queen (age 47), he (the Archbishop) will declare that the King (age 41) can lawfully marry again, as he has done, without waiting for a dispensation, for a sentence from the Pope, or any other declaration whatever.

On 12 Apr 1550 Edward de Vere 17th Earl of Oxford was born to John de Vere 16th Earl of Oxford (age 34) and Margery Golding Countess of Oxford (age 24).

On 12 Apr 1555 Joanna "The Mad" Trastámara Queen Castile (age 76) died.

On 12 Apr 1587 an English fleet commanded by Francis Drake (age 47) left Plymouth, Devon [Map].

On 12 Apr 1662 William Warren was knighted by King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 31).

Evelyn's Diary. 12 Apr 1689. Scotland declares for King William (age 38) and Queen Mary (age 26), with the reasons of their setting aside King James (age 55), not as abdicating, but forfeiting his right by maladministration; they proceeded with much more caution and prudence than we did, who precipitated all things to the great reproach of the nation, all which had been managed by some crafty, ill-principled men. The new Privy Council have a Republican spirit, manifestly undermining all future succession of the Crown and prosperity of the Church of England, which yet I hope they will not be able to accomplish so soon as they expect, though they get into all places of trust and profit.

Evelyn's Diary. 12 Apr 1689. King James (age 55) was now certainly in Ireland with the Marshal d'Estrades, whom he made a Privy Councillor; and who caused the King (age 55) to remove the Protestant Councillors, some whereof, it seems, had continued to sit, telling him that the King of France (age 50), his master, would never assist him if he did not immediately do it; by which it is apparent how the poor Prince (age 55) is managed by the French.

Evelyn's Diary. 12 Apr 1689. I went with the Bishop of St. Asaph (age 61) to visit my Lord of Canterbury (age 58) at Lambeth [Map], who had excused himself from officiating at the coronation, which was performed by the Bishop of London (age 57), assisted by the Archbishop of York (age 74). We had much private and free discourse with his Grace (age 58) concerning several things relating to the Church, there being now a bill of comprehension to be brought from the Lords to the Commons. I urged that when they went about to reform some particulars in the Liturgy, Church discipline, Canons, etc., the baptizing in private houses without necessity might be reformed, as likewise so frequent burials in churches; the one proceeding much from the pride of women, bringing that into custom which was only indulged in case of imminent danger, and out of necessity during the rebellion, and persecution of the clergy in our late civil wars; the other from the avarice of ministers, who, in some opulent parishes, made almost as much of permission to bury in the chancel and the church, as of their livings, and were paid with considerable advantage and gifts for baptizing in chambers. To this they heartily assented, and promised their endeavor to get it reformed, utterly disliking both practices as novel and indecent.

On 12 Apr 1894 Emma Lucy Madox Brown (age 50) died at Hotel Victoria. Her husband William Michael Rossetti (age 64) and daughter Olivia Madox Rossetti (age 18) were present.

On 12 Apr 1940 Gerald Leslie Brockhurst (age 49) and Anaïs Melisande Folin were divorced.

On 12 Apr 1961 Russian astronaunt Yuri Gagarin completed the first manned space flight.

Births on the 12th April

On 12 Apr 1266 Juliana Fitzgerald was born to Maurice Fitzgerald 4th Lord Offaly (age 28) and Emmeline Longespée Baroness Offaly (age 16) at Dublin [Map]. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

Around 12 Apr 1368 Millicent Tiptoft was born to Robert Tiptoft 3rd Baron Tibetot (age 27) and Margaret Deincourt Baroness Tibetot (age 24).

Around 12 Apr 1471 Richard Fiennes 4th Baron Saye and Sele was born to Henry Fiennes 3rd Baron Saye and Sele (age 25) and Anne Harcourt Baroness Saye and Sele at Chorlebury, Oxfordshire.

On 24 Feb 1526 Afonso Aviz was born to John III King Portugal (age 23) and Catherine of Austria Queen Consort Portugal (age 19). Their first child, he died on 12 Apr 1526. Coefficient of inbreeding 11.30%.

On 12 Apr 1541 Robert Stewart 1st Earl Albany was born to King James V of Scotland (age 29) and Mary of Guise Queen Consort Scotland (age 25). Possibly named Arthur? He died eight days later. He a great grandson of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

On 12 Apr 1550 Edward de Vere 17th Earl of Oxford was born to John de Vere 16th Earl of Oxford (age 34) and Margery Golding Countess of Oxford (age 24).

On 12 Apr 1566 Claude of Lorraine was born to Nicholas of Lorraine Duke of Mercœur (age 41) and Princess Joanna of Savoy Nemours (age 34) in Nomeny. He died young.

Before 12 Apr 1588 Anne Parvish was born to Henry Parvish.

On 12 Apr 1595 Miles Hobart was born to Henry Hobart 1st Baronet (age 35) and Dorothy Bell Lady Hobart in Plumstead, Greenwich.

On 12 Apr 1601 Bernhard Oldenburg was born to John "Younger" Oldenburg Duke Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg (age 56) and Agnes Hedwig of Anhalt (age 28).

On or before 12 Apr 1614 Elizabeth aka Mary Fotherby was born to Charles Fotherby (age 65) and Cecilia Waller. She was baptised on 12 Apr 1614.

On 12 Apr 1624 Charles Amadeus Duke of Nemours was born to Henri I Duke of Nemours (age 51).

Around 12 Apr 1646 Francis Vincent 5th Baronet was born to Francis Vincent 3rd Baronet (age 25) and Catherine Pitt Lady Vincent (age 24).

On 12 Apr 1651 Bishop John Hough was born.

On 12 Apr 1652 Maurita Febronia de La Tour d Auvergne was born.

Around 12 Apr 1680 John Cole was born to Michael Cole.

Before 12 Apr 1713 Matthew Robinson 2nd Baron Rokeby was born to Matthew Robinson (age 19). On 12 Apr 1713 Matthew Robinson 2nd Baron Rokeby was baptised.

On 12 Apr 1714 Thomas Winn was born to Edmund Winn (age 35).

On 12 Apr 1717 Ellis Cunliffe 1st Baronet was born to Foster Cunliffe (age 35).

On 12 Apr 1724 Mark Milbanke was born to Ralph Milbanke 4th Baronet (age 36) and Anne Delaval Lady Milbanke (age 22).

On or before 12 Apr 1726 Thomas Wentworth 5th Baronet was born to William Wentworth 4th Baronet (age 36) and Diana Blackett Lady Wentworth (age 23). He was baptised 12 Apr 1726.

On 12 Apr 1739 Sackville Beauclerk was born to Vere Beauclerk 1st Baron de Vere (age 39) and Mary Chambers Baroness Spencer (age 25). He a great grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 12 Apr 1781 Thomas Hanmer was born to Thomas Hanmer 2nd Baronet (age 34) and Margaret Kenyon Lady Hanmer.

On 12 Apr 1783 Booth Grey was born to Booth Grey (age 42) and Elizabeth Mainwaring.

On 12 Apr 1788 John Henry Vane was born to Morgan Vane (age 50).

On 12 Apr 1794 Rebekah Bateman was born to Thomas Bateman (age 33) and Rebekah Clegg (age 28).

On 12 Apr 1800 Thomas Fairfax was born to Charles Gregory Pigot aka Fairfax (age 32) and Mary Goodricke.

On 12 Apr 1801 Susan Caroline Eliot was born to William Eliot 2nd Earl St Germans (age 34) and Georgiana Augusta Leveson-Gower (age 31).

On 12 Apr 1803 Caroline FitzHardinge Berkeley was born to Frederick Augustus Berkeley 5th Earl Berkeley (age 58). She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 12 Apr 1810 Reverend William Henry Spencer was born to Francis Almeric Spencer 1st Baron Churchill (age 30) and Frances Fitzroy Baroness Churchill Wychwood (age 29). Coefficient of inbreeding 1.63%.

On 12 Apr 1811 Lieutenant-General Richard Wilbraham was born to Randle Wilbraham (age 38) and Sybilla Ann Egerton (age 30).

On 12 Apr 1812 Diana Bosville Macdonald was born to Godfrey Bosville Macdonald (age 36) and Louisa Maria La Coast Hanover (age 30). She a great x 2 granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 12 Apr 1814 George Pitt-Rivers 6th Baron Rivers was born to Horace Beckford aka Pitt-Rivers 3rd Baron Rivers (age 36) and Frances Rigby.

On 12 Apr 1825 Wellbore William Oliver St John was born to Frederick St John (age 59) and Caroline Parsons.

On 12 Apr 1825 Anthony Henley 3rd Baron Henley was born.

On 12 Apr 1842 Edward Harris 4th Earl Malmesbury was born to Admiral Edward Harris (age 33).

On 12 Apr 1845 Henry Mordaunt was born to John Mordaunt 9th Baronet (age 36).

On 12 Apr 1846 Richard Fitzherbert 5th Baronet was born to William Fitzherbert 4th Baronet (age 37) and Ann Alleyne Lady Fitzherbert (age 31).

On 12 Apr 1852 Captain William Stirling-Home-Drummond-Moray was born to Charles Stirling Home-Drummond-Moray and Anne Georgina Douglas.

On 12 Apr 1866 Admiral Frederick Dundas Gilpin-Brown was born to George Gilpin-Brown of Sedbury (age 51) and Louisa Dundas.

On 12 Apr 1866 Viktoria Hohenzollern was born to Frederick III King Prussia (age 34) and Victoria Empress Germany Queen Consort Prussia (age 25). She a granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

On 12 Apr 1866 Arthur Algernon Lane Fox-Pitt was born to Augustus Henry Fox Pitt-Rivers (age 38) and Alice Margaret Stanley (age 38).

On 12 Apr 1879 Annie Pembroke Reynolds was born to Frederick Reynolds (age 47).

On 12 Apr 1888 Monica Claire Neame was born to George Harding Neame.

On 12 Apr 1934 Oenone Clarissa Chaplin was born to Anthony Chaplin 3rd Viscount Chaplin and Alvilde Bridges Viscountess Chaplin (age 24).

Marriages on the 12th April

On 12 Apr 1363 Thomas Ros 4th Baron Ros Helmsley (age 28) and Beatrice Stafford Countess Desmond (age 22) were married. She the daughter of Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford (age 61) and Margaret Audley Countess Stafford. They were third cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

On 12 Apr 1385 a double wedding of the Burgundian Court was celebrated with brother and sister John "Fearless" Valois Duke Burgundy (age 13) and Margaret Valois Countess Holland (age 10) getting married ...

John "Fearless" Valois Duke Burgundy (age 13) and Margaret Wittelsbach Duchess Burgundy (age 22) were married. She the daughter of Albert Wittelsbach I Duke Bavaria (age 48) and Margaret Silesia. He the son of Philip "Bold" Valois II Duke Burgundy (age 43) and Margaret Dampierre Duchess Burgundy (age 37). They were third cousins. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

William Wittelsbach IV Count Holland VI Count Hainault V Count Zeeland (age 20) and Margaret Valois Countess Holland (age 10) were married. She the daughter of Philip "Bold" Valois II Duke Burgundy (age 43) and Margaret Dampierre Duchess Burgundy (age 37). He the son of Albert Wittelsbach I Duke Bavaria (age 48) and Margaret Silesia. They were third cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

Before 12 Apr 1478 John Saye (age 48) and Agnes Danvers Baroness Wenlock (age 70) were married. The difference in their ages was 22 years; she, unusually, being older than him.

On 12 Apr 1555 Henry Fitzalan (age 17) and Anne Wentworth were married. He the son of Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl of Arundel (age 42) and Katherine Grey.

On 12 Apr 1646 Edward Trevor and Elizabeth Folliot (age 26) were married. She the daughter of Henry Folliott 1st Baron Folliott and Anne Strode Countess Roscommon.

On 12 Apr 1649 Charles Hussey 1st Baronet (age 23) and Elizabeth Brownlow Lady Hussey (age 19) were married at the St James' Church, Clerkenwell. They had seven sons and eight daughters.

On 12 Apr 1651 August Philipp Oldenburg I Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck (age 38) and Marie Sibylle Nassau Saarbrücken Duchess Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck were married at Beck. She by marriage Duchess Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck. He the son of Alexander Oldenburg I Duke Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg and Dorothea Schwarzburg Duchess Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg.

On 12 Apr 1672 Aubrey de Vere 20th Earl of Oxford (age 45) and Diana Kirke Countess of Oxford were married. She by marriage Countess of Oxford. He the son of Robert de Vere 19th Earl of Oxford and Beatrice Van Hemmema Countess of Oxford.

On 12 Apr 1707 Edward Montagu Viscount Hinchingbrooke (age 14) and Elizabeth Popham Viscountess Hinchingbrooke (age 14) were married at St James' Church, Piccadilly. She brought £12000. He the son of Edward Montagu 3rd Earl Sandwich (age 37) and Elizabeth Wilmot Countess Sandwich (age 32).

On 12 Apr 1757 Basil Feilding 5th Earl Desmond 6th Earl Denbigh (age 38) and Mary Cotton Countess Desmond and Denbigh (age 4) were married. She by marriage Countess Desmond, Countess Denbigh. The difference in their ages was 33 years. He the son of William Feilding 4th Earl Desmond 5th Earl Denbigh and Isabella Jong Countess Desmond and Denbigh.

On 12 Apr 1794 William Ralph Cartwright of Aynho Park in Northamptonshire and Emma Mary Maude were married.

On 12 Apr 1825 Theophilus Biddulph 6th Baronet (age 40) and Jane Rebecca Vyner Lady Biddulph (age 22) were married.

On 12 Apr 1836 Edward North Buxton 2nd Baronet (age 23) and Catherine Gurney Lady Buxton (age 22) were married. They were first cousins.

Before 12 Apr 1866 George Gilpin-Brown of Sedbury (age 51) and Louisa Dundas were married. They had six sons and four daughters.

On 12 Apr 1882 Arthur Brockhurst (age 23) and Amelia Ward (age 21) were married.

On 12 Apr 1888 Captain Charles Barrington Balfour (age 26) and Helena McDonnell were married. She the daughter of Mark Kerr aka McDonnell 5th Earl of Antrim and Jane Macan Countess of Antrim (age 63). He a great x 5 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 12 Apr 1914 Sigismund William Joseph Trafford (age 31) and Elizabeth Constance Mary Bertie (age 19) were married. She the daughter of Montagu Arthur Bertie 7th Earl of Abingdon (age 77) and Gwendoline Mary Dormer (age 49).

On 12 Apr 1940 Gerald Leslie Brockhurst (age 49) and Anaïs Melisande Folin were divorced.

Deaths on the 12th April

On 12 Apr 935 Ermengarde Bivinids (age 58) died.

On 12 Apr 1213 Guy Thouars (age 73) died.

On 12 Apr 1256 Margaret Bourbon Queen Consort Navarre (age 39) died.

On 12 Apr 1323 Jeanne Lusignan (age 63) died.

On 12 Apr 1326 Eudo Zouche (age 28) died at Paris [Map].

On 12 Apr 1348 Joan Carew (age 28) died.

On 12 Apr 1362 Robert Cheney (age 58) died at Eastchurch, Kent.

On 12 Apr 1394 Hugh Calverley died.

Before 12 Apr 1396 Bishop Andrew Barret died.

On 12 Apr 1403 John Filiol (age 43) died.

On 12 Apr 1405 Thomas Berkeley of Coberley (age 53) died.

On 12 Apr 1411 Robert of Bar 1st Duke of Bar (age 66) died.

On 12 Apr 1434 Joan Holland Duchess York (age 54) died.

On 12 Apr 1443 Archbishop Henry Chichele (age 80) died. He was buried at Canterbury Cathedral [Map].

On 12 Apr 1445 John Throckmorton of Fladbury (age 63) died.

On 12 Apr 1477 Ankarette Hawkeston aka Twynyho was arrested at Keyford, Somerset and taken to Bath, Somerset [Map]. George York 1st Duke of Clarence (age 27) believed she had murdered his wife Isabel Neville Duchess Clarence who had died four months before.

On 13 Apr 1477 Ankarette Hawkeston aka Twynyho taken to Cirencester, Gloucestershire [Map].

On 15 Apr 1477 Ankarette Hawkeston aka Twynyho and John Thursby were hanged at Myton Gallows, Warwick [Map].

On 12 Apr 1478 John Saye (age 48) died at Sawbridge, Broxbourne.

On 12 Apr 1493 Margaret Bromflete Baroness Clifford (age 59) died at Londesborough.

On 12 Apr 1497 Elizabeth Brereton (age 39) died.

On 12 Apr 1497 John Radclyffe (age 43) died.

Before 12 Apr 1510 Robert Spencer of Spencer Combe (age 75) died.

On 12 Apr 1527 Elizabeth Huddersfield (age 48) died.

On 12 Apr 1550 Claude Lorraine 1st Duke Guise (age 53) died. His son Francis II Duke Guise (age 31) succeeded 1st Duke Guise.

On 12 Apr 1555 Joanna "The Mad" Trastámara Queen Castile (age 76) died.

On 12 Apr 1589 Christopher Smith (age 79) died.

On 12 Apr 1590 Denzil Holles (age 52) died. He was buried at Irby upon Humber.

On 12 Apr 1619 Willam Catesby (age 93) died.

On 12 Apr 1620 Herbert Pelham (age 74) died.

On 12 Apr 1639 Robert Carey 1st Earl Monmouth (age 79) died. His son Henry Carey 2nd Earl Monmouth (age 43) succeeded 2nd Earl Monmouth. Martha Cranfield Countess Monmouth (age 38) by marriage Countess Monmouth.

On or before 12 Apr 1640 Walter Mansel 2nd Baronet (age 52) died. He was buried at St Mary's Church, Kidwelly on 12 Apr 1640. His son Francis Mansel 3rd Baronet succeeded 3rd Baronet Mansel of Muddlescombe.

On 12 Apr 1648 Catharina Orange Nassau (age 69) died.

On 12 Apr 1662 Elizabeth Sheldon Countess Anglesey (age 54) died.

On 12 Apr 1678 Thomas Stanley (age 53) died at Suffolk Street Strand. He was buried at St Martin in the Fields [Map].

On 12 Apr 1681 or 14 Apr 1681 Thomas Littleton 2nd Baronet (age 60) died. His son Thomas Littleton 3rd Baronet (age 34) succeeded 3rd Baronet Littleton of Stoke Milburgh in Suffolk

On 12 Apr 1687 Henrietta Boyle Countess Rochester (age 41) died.

On 12 Apr 1696 Henry Bourchier Fane (age 27) was killed in a duel with Elizeus Burges at Leicester Fields Leicester Square.

On 12 Apr 1702 William Glanville (age 83) died.

On 12 Apr 1714 Michael Johnson of Tursell Hall in County Durham died.

On 12 Apr 1730 Charles Bertie (age 52) died.

On 07 Apr 1737 William Barnesley (age 88) died. He was buried at the Church of St Mary Magdalene, Eardisley [Map] on 12 Apr 1737. His son William Barnesley of Eardisley Park (age 34) should have inherited the Eardisley estate from his father in 1737, but was defrauded by his father's solicitor, Mansel Powell, and others, who forged a will disinheriting him. He recovered his property in 1749 after a lengthy Chancery suit, vigorously pursued by his wife on his behalf. This was succeeded by a further legal dispute with relatives. After his widow's death the estate was sold in 1778 to Dr. Pettit.

On 12 Apr 1743 Augustine Washington (age 48) died.

On 12 Apr 1743 Giles Knightley (age 68) died.

On 12 Apr 1767 Mary Catherine Bertie (age 12) died.

On 12 Apr 1769 Judge Thomas Morgan of Rhiwpera (age 66) died.

On 12 Apr 1770 Thomas Adams 6th Baronet (age 41) died. Baronet Adams of London extinct.

On 12 Apr 1775 William Henry Kerr 4th Marquess Lothian (age 65) died at Bath, Somerset [Map]. His son William John Kerr 5th Marquess Lothian (age 38) succeeded 5th Marquess Lothian. Elizabeth Fortescue 5th Marchioness Lothian (age 30) by marriage Marchioness Lothian.

On 12 Apr 1777 Claude Prosper Jolyot de Crébillon (age 70) died.

On 12 Apr 1786 Henrietta Wentworth (age 66) died.

On 12 Apr 1799 Isabella Ingram (age 82) died in Barrowby.

On 12 Apr 1809 Philip Lybbe-Powys (age 74) died.

On 12 Apr 1823 Diana Middleton 2nd Baroness Barham (age 60) died. Her son Charles Noel 1st Earl Gainsborough (age 41) succeeded 3rd Baron Barham.

On 12 Apr 1824 Philip Hales 5th Baronet (age 89) died. Baronet Hales of Beakesbourne in Kent extinct.

On 12 Apr 1830 Frederick Keppel (age 67) died.

On 12 Apr 1830 Catherine Howard (age 71) died.

On 12 Apr 1840 Thomas Arundell died.

On 12 Apr 1841 Mary Langdale Baroness Stourton (age 89) died.

On 12 Apr 1845 John Neville 3rd Earl Abergavenny (age 55) died. His brother William Neville 4th Earl Abergavenny (age 52) succeeded 4th Earl Abergavenny, 4th Viscount Neville, 20th Baron Bergavenny, 18th Baron Bergavenny. Caroline Leeke Countess Abergavenny by marriage Countess Abergavenny.

On 12 Apr 1847 Louisa Edith Barrington died.

On 12 Apr 1851 Reverend Hon John Evelyn Boscawen (age 61) died.

On 12 Apr 1855 Lister Lister-Kaye (age 27) died.

On 12 Apr 1858 William Sarasfield Rositer-Cockburn 7th Baronet (age 61) died.

On 12 Apr 1860 Ernst Christian Carl Hohenlohe Langenburg I Prince (age 65) died.

On 12 Apr 1870 Emily Susanna Waldegrave (age 82) died.

On 12 Apr 1872 Thomas Wrightson (age 72) died.

On 12 Apr 1874 Sussex Lennox (age 71) died.

On 12 Apr 1879 Anne Coke (age 82) died at King's Caple, Herefordshire. She was buried at the Church of St Mary Magdalene, Eardisley [Map].

On 12 Apr 1881 Juliana Pole-Carew Baroness Robartes (age 68) died.

On 12 Apr 1883 Henry Hugh Clifford (age 56) died.

On 12 Apr 1891 Princess Cecilie of Baden (age 51) died.

On 12 Apr 1894 Emma Lucy Madox Brown (age 50) died at Hotel Victoria. Her husband William Michael Rossetti (age 64) and daughter Olivia Madox Rossetti (age 18) were present.

On 12 Apr 1898 Blanche Henrietta Johnes Shelley died.

On 12 Apr 1902 Ernest Gambart (age 87) died.

On 12 Apr 1903 Augusta Frances Clayton-East (age 83) died.

On 12 Apr 1916 Hubert George Burgh 2nd Marquess Clanricarde (age 83) died.

On 12 Apr 1920 Adeline Marie Somers Duchess Bedford (age 67) died.

On 12 Apr 1935 Douglas Cochrane 12th Earl of Dundonald (age 82) died.

On 12 Apr 1994 Pamela Mitford (age 86) died.