On this Day in History ... 12 June

12 Jun is in June.

1381 Peasants' Revolt

1435 Battle of Gerberoy

1467 Tournament Bastard of Burgundy

1540 Arrest and Attainder of Thomas Cromwell

1613 Marriage of Elizabeth Stewart and Frederick V Elector Palatine

1665 Battle of Lowestoft

1677 Treaty of Nimeguen

On 12 Jun 898 Æthelhelm Earldorman Wiltshire died.

On 12 Jun 991 Charles Carolingian Duke Lower Lorraine (age 38) died.

On 12 Jun 1020 Archibishop Ælfstan aka Lyfing died. He was buried at Canterbury Cathedral [Map].

On 12 Jun 1153 Roger Beaumont 2nd Earl Warwick (age 51) died. His son William Beaumont 3rd Earl Warwick (age 13) succeeded 3rd Earl Warwick 1C 1088.

On 12 Jun 1294 John Brienne I Count Eu died. His son John Brienne II Count Eu succeeded II Count Eu.

Archaeologia Volume 35 1853 XXXIII. On the 12th [Jun 1358] she [Isabella of France Queen Consort England (age 63)] returned to Ospringe, and on the 13th proceeded to Leeds Castle, where she remained till the 2nd of July; receiving as visitors the Prior of Leeds and Sir Arnold Savage (age 33), and dining in Langley Park, with many strangers, on the 19th of June; and being at Sutton Park, together with the Queen of Scotland (age 36), on the 25th. It is evident, therefore, that her daughter (age 36) had accompanied her from Hertford.

Peasants' Revolt

The Chronicle of Adam of Usk. 12 Jun 1381. During this king Richard’s reign great things were looked for. But he being of tender years, others, who had the care of him and his kingdom, did not cease to inflict on the land acts of wantonness, extortions, and unbearable wrongs. Whence sprang that unnatural deed, when the commons of the land, and specially those of Kent and Essex [Peasants' Revolt], under their wretched leader Jack Straw1, declaring that they could no longer bear such wrongs, and above all wrongs of taxes and subsidies, rose in overwhelming numbers against the lords and the king’s officers, and, marching to London on the eve of Corpus Christi (12th June), in the year of Our Lord 1381 struck off the heads of Simon Sudbury (age 65), archbishop of Canterbury, then the king’s chancellor, sir Robert Hales (age 56), the treasurer, and many others, hard by the Tower of London. And on the places where these lords were beheaded there are set up to this day two marble crosses, a lasting memorial of so monstrous a deed.

Wat Tyler is quite lost sight of. Knighton (Rolls series, ij. 137), in like manner, confuses the two men: "ductor eorum proprio nomine Watte Tyler, sed jam nomine mutato vocatus est Jakke Strawe."

On 12 Jun 1415 Alfonso V King Aragon (age 19) and Maria Trastámara Queen Consort Aragon (age 13) were married. Maria Trastámara Queen Consort Aragon by marriage Queen Consort Aragon. She the daughter of Henry III King Castile and Catherine of Lancaster Queen Consort Castile (age 42). He the son of Ferdinand I King Aragon (age 34) and Eleanor Ivrea Queen Consort Aragon (age 41). They were first cousins. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 12 Jun 1418 Bernard VII Count Armagnac (age 55) died. His son John IV Count Armagnac (age 21) succeeded IV Count Armagnac. Blanche Montfort Countess Armagnac (age 21) by marriage Countess Armagnac.

Battle of Gerberoy

On 09 May 1435 a French force commanded by Étienne Vignolles "La Hire" heavily defeated an English force commanded by John Fitzalan 14th Earl Arundel (age 27) at the Battle of Gerberoy.

On 12 Jun 1435 John Fitzalan 14th Earl Arundel (age 27) was captured and died from wounds received at the battle. His son Humphrey Fitzalan 15th Earl Arundel (age 6) succeeded 15th Earl Arundel Sussex, 5th Baron Maltravers 1C 1330, 5th Baron Arundel 1C 1377.

Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (age 30) fought.

Chronicle of Gregory 1435. 12 Jun 1435. And that same yere was slayne the Erle of Arundelle (age 27) in France.

Tournament Bastard of Burgundy

On 12 Jun 1467 the fighting on foot commenced, with axes. The day ended with no clear winner; honours equal.

Around 12 Jun 1472 Thomas Stanley 1st Earl of Derby (age 37) and Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond (age 29) were married. She by marriage Queen Mann, Baroness Stanley. She the daughter of John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset and Margaret Beauchamp Duchess Somerset (age 62). They were third cousins. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

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On 12 Jun 1476 Richard of Shrewsbury 1st Duke York (age 2) was created 1st Earl Nottingham 3C 1476 by King Edward IV of England (age 34).

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Arrest and Attainder of Thomas Cromwell

Letters of Thomas Cromwell. Thomas Cromwell (age 55) to King Henry VIII. 12 Jun 1540. [B.M. Titus B. i, 273, TNA xv no. 776].

Most gracious King and most merciful sovereign, your most humble most obedient and most bounden subject and most lamentable servant and prisoner, prostrates at the feet of your most excellent majesty. I have heard your pleasure by the mouth of your Comptroller [William Kingston (age 64)] which was that I should write to your most excellent highness, such things as I thought mete to be written concerning my most miserable state and condition, for the which your most abundant goodness, benignity and license the immortal God there and on reward, Your Majesty. And now, most gracious Prince, to the matter. First whereas I have been accused to your Majesty of treason, to that I say I never in all my life thought willingly to do that thing that might or should displease your Majesty and much less to do or say that thing which of itself is so high and abominable offence, as God knows who I doubt not shall reveal the truth to your Highness. My accusers your Grace knows God forgive them. For as I ever have had love to your honour, person life, prosperity, health, wealth, joy, and comfort, and also your most dear and most entirely beloved son, the Prince his Grace, and your proceeding. God so help me in this my adversity and confound me if ever I thought the contrary. What labours, pains and travails I have taken according to my most bounden duty, God also knows, for if it were in my power as it is God’s to make your Majesty to live ever young and prosperous, God knows I would, if it had been or were in my power to make you so rich, as you might enrich all men. God help me, as I would do it if it had been, or were, in my power to make your Majesty so puissant as all the world should be compelled to obey you. Christ, he knows I would for so am I of all other most bound for your Majesty who has been the most bountiful prince to me that ever was king to his subject. You are more like a dear father, your Majesty, not offended then a master. Such has been your most grave and godly counsels towards me at sundry times in that I have offended I ask your mercy. Should I now, for such exceeding goodness, benignity, liberality, and bounty be your traitor, nay then the greatest pains were too little for me. Should any faction or any affection to any point make me a traitor to your Majesty then all the devils in hell confound me and the vengeance of God light upon me if I should once have thought it. Most gracious sovereign lord, to my remembrance I never spoke with the Chancellor of the Augmentations [Richard Rich 1st Baron Rich (age 43)] and Throgmorton [Michael Throckmorton] together at one time. But if I did, I am sure I spoke never of any such matter and your Grace knows what manner of man Throgmorton has ever been towards your Grace and your preceding. And what Master Chancellor [Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Walden (age 52)] has been towards me, God and he best knows I will never accuse him. What I have been towards him, your Majesty, right well knows I would to Christ I had obeyed your often most gracious, grave counsels and advertisements, then it had not been with me as now it is. Yet our lord, if it be his will, can do with me as he did with Susan1 who was falsely accused, unto the which God I have only committed my soul, my body and goods at your Majesty’s pleasure, in whose mercy and piety I do holy repose me for other hope then in God and your Majesty I have not. Sir, as to your Commonwealth, I have after my wit, power and knowledge travailed therein having had no respect to persons (your Majesty only except) and my duty to the same but that I have done any injustice or wrong wilfully, I trust God shall bear my witness and the world not able justly to accuse me, and yet I have not done my duty in all things as I was bound wherefore I ask mercy. If I have heard of any combinations, conventicles or such as were offenders of your laws, I have though not as I should have done for the most part revealed them and also caused them to be punished not of malice as God shall judge me. Nevertheless, Sir, I have meddled in so many matters under your Highness that I am not able to answer them all, but one thing I am well assured of that, wittingly and willingly. I have not had will to offend your Highness, but hard as it is for me or any other meddling as I have done to live under your Grace and your laws, but we must daily offend and where I have offended, I most humbly ask mercy and pardon at your gracious will and pleasure. Amongst other things, most gracious sovereign, Master Comptroller showed me that your Grace showed him that within these 14 days you committed a matter of great secret, which I did reveal contrary to your expectation. Sir, I do remember well the matter which I never revealed to any creature, but this I did, Sir, after your grace had opened the matter first to me in your chamber and declared your lamentable fate declaring the thing which your Highness misliked in the Queen, at which time I showed your Grace that she often desired to speak with me but I dared not and you said why should I not, alleging that I might do much good in going to her and to be playing with her in declaring my mind. I thereupon, lacking opportunity, not being a little grieved spoke privily with her Lord Chamberlain [Thomas Manners 1st Earl of Rutland (age 48)], for the which I ask your Grace mercy, desiring him not naming your Grace to him to find some means that the Queen might be induced to order your Grace pleasantly in her behaviour towards your thinking, thereby for to have had some faults amended, to your Majesty’s comfort. And after that, by general word of the said Lord Chamberlain and others of the Queen’s Council, being with me in my chamber at Westminster for license for the departure of the strange maidens. I then required them to counsel their masters to use all pleasantness to your Highness, the which things undoubtedly warn both spoken before your Majesty committed the secret matter unto me only of purpose that she might have been induced to such pleasant and honourable fashions as might have been to your Grace’s comfort which above all things as God knows I did most court and desire, but that I opened my mouth to any creature after your Majesty committed the secret thereof to me, other then only to my Lord Admiral, which I did by your Grace’s commandment which was upon Sunday last in the morning, whom I then found as willing and glad to ask remedy for your comfort and consolation, and saw by him that he did as much lament your Highness’ fate as ever did a man, and was wonderfully grieved to see your Highness so troubled, wishing greatly your comfort. For the attaining whereof, he said for your honour saved, he would spend the best blood in his body, and if I would not do the like and willingly die for your comfort I would I were in hell, and I would I should receive a thousand deaths. Sir, this is all that I have done in that matter and if I have offended your Majesty, therein prostrate at your Majesty’s feet. I most lowly aske mercy and pardon of your Highness. Sir, there was also laid unto my charge at my examination that I had retained, contrary to your laws, Sir. What exposition may be made upon retainers I know not, but this will I say, if ever I retained any man but such only as were my household servants but against my will God confound me, but, most gracious sovereign, I have been so called on and sought by them that said they were my friend that constrained thereunto. I received their children and friends, not as retainers, for their fathers and parents did promise me to friend them and so took I them not as retainers to my great charge and for none evil as God best knows interpret to the contrary who will most humbly beseeching your Majesty of pardon if I have offended therein. Sir, I do acknowledge myself to have been a most miserable and wretched sinner and that I have not towards God and your Highness behaved myself as I ought and should have done. For the which, my offence to God while I live I shall continually call for his mercy and for my offences to your Grace which God knows were never malicious nor wilful, and that I never thought treason to your Highness your realm or posterity. So God, help me in word or deed, nevertheless I prostrate at your Majesty’s feet in what thing soever I have offended I appeal to your Highness for mercy, grace and pardon in such ways as shall be your pleasure beseeching the almighty maker and redeemer of this world to send your Majesty continual and long health, wealth and prosperity with Nestor’s2 years to reign, and your most dear son, the prince’s grace, to prosper reign and continue long after you, and they that would contrary, a short life, shame, and confusion. Written with the quaking hand and most sorrowful heart of your most sorrowful subject and most humble servant and prisoner, this Saturday at your Tower of London.

Thomas Crumwell

Note 1. The Book of Daniel – a Hebrew wife named Susanna was falsely accused by lecherous voyeurs.

Note 2. Nestor from the Iliad, known for wisdom and generosity, which increased as he aged.

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On 12 Jun 1545 Francis Lorraine I Duke Lorraine (age 27) died. His son Charles "The Great" Lorraine III Duke Lorraine (age 2) succeeded III Duke Lorraine.

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On 12 Jun 1567 Richard Rich 1st Baron Rich (age 70) died at Rochford. His son Robert Rich 2nd Baron Rich Leez (age 30) succeeded 2nd Baron Rich Leez. Elizabeth Baldry Baroness Rich Leez (age 29) by marriage Baroness Rich Leez.

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Before 12 Jun 1573 Henry Radclyffe 4th Earl of Sussex (age 41) and Honora Pound Viscountess Fitzwalter were married. He the son of Henry Radclyffe 2nd Earl of Sussex and Elizabeth Howard.NOTEXT

Marriage of Elizabeth Stewart and Frederick V Elector Palatine

After 20 Feb 1613 Frederick Palatinate Simmern V Elector Palatine Rhine (age 16) and Princess Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia (age 16) commenced their journey to his home at Heidelburg. They visited Prince Maurice I of Orange (age 45). They arrived in Heidelburg on 12 Jun 1613 amidst widespread celebration.

John Harington 1st Baron Harington (age 73) and Anne Keilway Baroness Harington (age 59)

Sisters Elizabeth Apsley and Alice Apsley travelled as Maids of Honour to Princess Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia (age 16).

On 12 Jun 1639 Thomas Erskine 1st Earl Kellie (age 73) died. His grandson Thomas Erskine 2nd Earl Kellie succeeded 2nd Earl Kellie.

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On 12 Jun 1661 Henry Carey 2nd Earl Monmouth (age 65) died at Rickmansworth. Earl Monmouth 1C 1626 extinct.

On 31 Jan 1663 John Spelman (age 56) died. On 12 Jun 1649 Anne Heveningham died. They were buried in All Saints Church Narborough [Map].

John Spelman: On 12 Sep 1606 he was born to Clement Spelman of Narborough and Ursula Willoughby (age 13). Before 01 Aug 1640 John Spelman (age 33) and Anne Heveningham were married. In 1645 John Spelman (age 38) was elected MP Castle Rising in the Long Parliament. In 1660 John Spelman (age 53) was elected MP Castle Rising in the Convention Parliament.

Anne Heveningham: She was born to John Heveningham of Ketteringham and Alice Shelton.

Battle of Lowestoft

Evelyn's Diary. 08 Jun 1665. Came news of his highness's (age 35) victory, which indeed might have been a complete one, and at once ended the war, had it been pursued, but the cowardice of some, or treachery, or both, frustrated that. We had, however, bonfires, bells, and rejoicing in the city. Next day, the 9th, I had instant orders to repair to the Downs, so as I got to Rochester [Map] this evening. Next day I lay at Deal [Map], where I found all in readiness: but, the fleet being hindered by contrary winds, I came away on the 12th, and went to Dover [Map], and returned to Deal [Map]; and on the 13th, hearing the fleet was at Solbay, I went homeward, and lay at Chatham [Map], and on the 14th, I got home. On the 15th, came the eldest son of the present Secretary of State to the French King, with much other company, to dine with me. After dinner, I went with him to London, to speak to my Lord General for more guards, and gave his Majesty (age 35) an account of my journey to the coasts under my inspection. I also waited on his Royal Highness (age 31), now come triumphant from the fleet, gotten into repair. See the whole history of this conflict in my "History of the Dutch War"..

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On 12 Jun 1675 Charles Emmanuel II Duke of Savoy (age 40) died. His son Victor Amadeus King Sardinia (age 9) succeeded Duke Savoy.

Treaty of Nimeguen

Evelyn's Diary. 12 Jun 1677. I went to London, to give the Lord Ambassador Berkeley (age 75) (now returned from the treaty at Nimeguen) an account of the great trust reposed in me during his absence, I having received and remitted to him no less than £20,000 to my no small trouble and loss of time, that during his absence, and when the Lord Treasurer (age 45) was no great friend [of his] I yet procured him great sums, very often soliciting his Majesty (age 47) in his behalf; looking after the rest of his estates and concerns entirely, without once accepting any kind of acknowledgment, purely upon the request of my dear friend, Mr. Godolphin (age 31). I returned with abundance of thanks and professions from my Lord Berkeley (age 49) and my Lady.

On 12 Jun 1679 John Lee Archdeacon died. Monument in Rochester Cathedral [Map].

John Lee Archdeacon: In 1660 he was appointed Archdeacon of Rochester.

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On 12 Jun 1705 or 15 Jun 1705 Thomas Davies of Denbigh (age 51) died. He was buried at St Marcella's Church, Denbigh [Map].

Thomas Davies of Denbigh: Around 1654 he was born. Before 12 Jun 1705 Thomas Davies of Denbigh (age 51) and

Minutes of the Society of Antiquaries. 12 Jun 1718. Mr Samuel Gale (age 35) presented to the Society a print of the Ground Plot and Prospect of Hull by Holler, for which their thanks and ordered to be returned to him.

He likewise brought a letter from the Reverend Dr Knight a Member of the Society containing an account of a large skeleton found near Chippenham, Cambs, with massey [?] chains and fetters, dug up near him and some penates dug up at Devizes.

Mr President (age 57) being obliged to be in the country for the summer season was pleased to propose for Vice-President during his absence, Mr George Holmes (age 56) which was unamimously approved of by the Society.

On 12 Jun 1723 Horatio Walpole 1st Earl Orford was born to Horatio Walpole 1st Baron Walpole (age 44) and Mary Magdalen Lombard (age 28).

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On 12 Jun 1739 Alan Mason Viscount Grandison and Elizabeth Fitzgerald Villiers 1st Countess Grandison were married. She the daughter of John Fitzgerald Villiers 1st Earl Grandison (age 55) and Frances Carey.

On 12 Jun 1761 Margaret Coningsby 2nd Countess Coningsby (age 52) died. Earl Coningsbury extinct. She was buried at St Michael's Church, Heydour [Map]. Monument sculpted by John Michael Rysbrack (age 66).

Archaeologia Volume 2 Section XVII. n Account of the Monument [Kit's Coty House [Map]] commonly ascribed to Catigern. By Mr. Colebrooke. Read at the Society of Antiquaries, June 12, 1766.

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On 12 Jun 1788 George Barrington 5th Viscount Barrington (age 26) and Elizabeth Adair Viscountess Barrington (age 19) were married. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

PAINTINGS/LIOTARD/Anne_Somerset.pngBefore 12 Jun 1789 Jean Etienne Liotard (age 86). Portrait of Anne Somerset Countess Northampton.

Anne Somerset Countess Northampton: On 11 Mar 1741 she was born to Charles Noel Somerset 4th Duke Beaufort (age 31) and Elizabeth Berekeley Duchess Beaufort (age 28). On 06 Dec 1758 George Compton 6th Earl of Northampton (age 66) died. His nephew Charles Compton 7th Earl of Northampton (age 21) succeeded 7th Earl of Northampton 5C 1618. Anne Somerset Countess Northampton (age 17) by marriage Countess of Northampton. On 13 Sep 1759 Charles Compton 7th Earl of Northampton (age 22) and Anne Somerset Countess Northampton (age 18) were married. She the daughter of Charles Noel Somerset 4th Duke Beaufort and Elizabeth Berekeley Duchess Beaufort (age 46). They were third cousin once removed. On 18 May 1763 Anne Somerset Countess Northampton (age 22) died in Naples.

On 12 Jun 1793 Henry Fitzgerald 21st Baron Ros Helmsley was born to Henry Fitzgerald (age 31) and Charlotte Boyle 20th Baroness Ros Helmsley (age 24). He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 12 Jun 1795 Hugh Williams (age 28) was killed. Monument in St Marys and St Nicholas Church Beaumaris [Map].

Hugh Williams: On 20 Mar 1767 he was born to Hugh Williams 8th Baronet (age 49) and Emma Bridget Rowlands Viscountess Bulkeley.

On 12 Jun 1831 George Shaw-Lefevre 1st Baron Eversley was born to John Shaw-Lefevre (age 34) and Rachel Emily Wright.

Thomas Bateman 1845. A discovery, made in the month of June, 1845, of a large urn inverted over a deposit of calcined human bones, at the outer edge of a small barrow [Map] upon Harthill Moor, which was undergoing a process of demolition, in order that the land might he brought into cultivation, coupled with a knowledge of the very productive character of that neighbourhood in matters of antiquity led to a successful search for the whole contents of the barrow on the 12th of June. The elevation of the tumulus above the surrounding land was so slight as to be scarcely perceptible; and had it not been for the accidental discovery of the large urn, the other interesting remains would have probably remained in obscurity. But to return to facts: the remains of the large urn and its contents being carefully collected, it was found to be of very coarse material, and singular workmanship, presenting a strong contrast to the remains of two elaborately-ornamented and really elegant urns, which were found on cutting a short distance into the mound, lying amongst a confused stratum of calcined bones. On arriving at the centre of the tumulus, a very large sandstone was perceived, on the south side of the excavation, which was at first supposed to be a rock. Close to the edge of this stone was found an interment of calcined bones, accompanied by two broken incense cups, of novel form and very superior workmanship, and on examining the bones two rude instruments of flint were discovered amongst them. On clearing away the earth from the side of the large stone, the upper edge of one of smaller dimensions was perceived, which proved to be one side of a very perfect cist, measuring from the floor to the under side of the cover three feet from end to end four feet six inches and about three feet in width; the immense stone which formed the cover was about two feet in thickness and about seven feet square on an average. This cist, divested of the surrounding earth, would present to view the erection usually denominated a cromlech. It was found to be almost entirely full of fine and beautifully clear sand, amongst which were large quantities of calcined human bones, some small pieces of an urn, and upon its floor were very evident remains of heath. (A correct view of this cist, as it appeared when opened, forms the vignette in the title-page of "Barrow-digging by a Barrow-knight," 1845.)

On the 14th of June, 1845, at a very short distance from the preceding barrow, another small cist was discovered, at a short distance beneath the surface, measuring two feet in length, about one foot in width, thus forming a perfect parallelogram. It was found to contain a large quantity of human bones, which had undergone cremation, and a few pieces of pottery, one of which formed part of the edge of the large urn which is mentioned in the preceding account as having led to the discovery of the others. No other antiquities were found, although the excavation was continued for a considerable extent in the immediate neighbourhood.

On 12 Jun 1849 Henry Tufton 11th Earl of Thanet (age 74) died unmarried. Earl of Thanet, Baron Tufton and Baronet Tufton of Hothfield extinct.

On 12 Jun 1890 Charles Marsham 5th Earl Romney (age 25) and Anne Louisa Scott Countess of Romney (age 22) were married. He the son of Charles Marsham 4th Earl Romney (age 49) and Frances Augusta Constance Muir Rawdon-Hastings Countess Romney (age 46).

On 12 Jun 1896 Algernon George Evans 9th Baron Carbery (age 27) died. His son John Evans 10th Baron Carbery (age 4) succeeded 10th Baron Carbery.

On 12 Jun 1902 Philip Sidney 3rd Baron De Lisle and Dudley (age 49) and Elizabeth Maria Prendergast Vereker (age 40) were married. He a great grandson of King William IV of the United Kingdom.

On 12 Jun 1912 John Pelham 8th Earl of Chichester was born to Jocelyn Pelham 6th Earl Chichester (age 41) and Ruth Buxton Countess Chichester.

After 12 Jun 1918. St Michael's Church, Lamplugh [Map]. Joseph Sewell was born in 1899 at Lamplugh. The second son of iron ore miner William Sewell and his wife Maria (nee Hope) of Bird Dyke, Lamplugh. He enlisted at Workington in 1917. Letters home show that he was stationed at Edinburgh Castle in August 1917. He died of wounds in Southampton hospital on 12 June 1918 and was buried in his home village of Lamplugh. He had served with the Royal Fusiliers.

On 12 Jun 1950 James Edward Harris 5th Earl Malmesbury (age 77) died. His son William James Harris 6th Earl Malmesbury (age 42) succeeded 6th Earl Malmesbury, 6th Viscount Fitz-Harris of Hurn Court in Hampshire, 6th Baron Malmesbury. Diana Claudia Carleton Countess of Malmesbury (age 37) by marriage Countess Malmesbury.