On this Day in History ... 13 October

13 Oct is in October.

1269 Translation of the Relics of Edward the Confessor

1399 Coronation of Henry IV

1453 Birth of Edward of Westminster

1660 Trial and Execution of the Regicides

1914 First World War

On 13 Oct 1119 Alan Canhiart IV Duke Brittany (age 56) died. His son Conan "Fat" Canhiart III Duke Brittany (age 23) succeeded III Duke Brittany.

Translation of the Relics of Edward the Confessor

On 13 Oct 1269 the remains of King Edward "Confessor" of England were moved to a chapel east of the sanctuary in Westminster Abbey [Map]. Alexander III King Scotland (age 28) and Margaret Queen of Scotland (age 29) attended.

Before 13 Oct 1325 Robert VII Auvergne XII Count Auvergne (age 43) and Blanche Bourbon were married. She the daughter of Robert Bourbon 1st Count Clermont and Beatrice Burgundy. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

On 13 Oct 1364 Stephen "Magnificient Fop" Wittelsbach III Duke Bavaria (age 27) and Taddea Visconti Duchess Bavaria (age 13) were married. She by marriage Duchess Bavaria. He the son of Stephen Wittelsbach II Duke Bavaria (age 45) and Elisabeth Barcelona Duchess Bavaria. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

Before 13 Oct 1370 Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent (age 20) and Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent (age 20) were married. She by marriage Countess Kent. She the daughter of Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel 8th Earl Surrey (age 64) and Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel and Surrey (age 52). He the son of Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales (age 42). They were third cousins. He a great grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Henry III of England.

On 13 Oct 1381 Thomas Fitzalan 10th Earl Surrey 12th Earl Arundel was born to Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey 11th Earl Arundel (age 35) and Elizabeth Bohun Countess Arundel and Surrey (age 31). He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

Coronation of Henry IV

On 13 Oct 1399 Henry IV King England (age 32) was crowned IV King England at Westminster Abbey [Map] by Archbishop Thomas Fitzalan aka Arundel (age 46).

Bishop Robert Braybrooke carried the sacraments and said mass. Duke Lancaster 2C 1362 and Earl of Leicester 2C 1265 Merged with the Crown.

The future King Henry V of England (age 13) carried the Sword Curtana. Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick (age 61) and/or John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset and Dorset (age 26) carried a sword wrapped in red and bound with golden straps symbolising two-fold mercy. Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland (age 57) carried the Lancaster Sword.

Thomas Percy 1st Earl of Worcester (age 56) carried the Steward's baton. Thomas Erpingham (age 44) carried a Sword.

Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford (age 21) was appointed Knight of the Bath. John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford (age 10), John Arundell (age 33) and Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick (age 17) were knighted.

Archbishop Richard Scrope (age 49) attended.

Earl Derby 2C 1337 and Earl Lancaster merged with the Crown.

Birth of Edward of Westminster

On 13 Oct 1453 Edward of Westinster Prince of Wales was born to Henry VI (age 31) and Margaret of Anjou (age 23) at Westminster Palace [Map]. When King Henry (age 31) recovered from his catatonic state in Jan 1455, he greeted the child as a 'miracle'. There is some speculation as the child's actual father since King Henry (age 31) and Queen Margaret (age 23) had been married for eight years before the birth. Edmund Beaufort 1st or 2nd Duke Somerset (age 47) was suggested at the time.

On 13 Oct 1642 King Charles I (age 41) stayed the night at the house of William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire (age 25) at Latimer House Chesham.

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On 13 Oct 1659 George Verney 20th Baron Latimer 12th Baron Willoughby was born to Richard Verney 19th Baron Latimer 11th Baron Willoughby (age 38) and Mary Pretyman Baroness Latimer and Willoughby Broke (age 28) at Compton Verney House, Warwickshire.

1660 Trial and Execution of the Regicides

On 13 Oct 1660 General Thomas Harrison (age 44) was hanged, drawn and quartered for his role in the regicide of King Charles I.

Pepy's Diary. 13 Oct 1660. Thus it was my chance to see the King beheaded at White Hall, and to see the first blood shed in revenge for the blood of the King at Charing Cross. From thence to my Lord's, and took Captain Cuttance and Mr. Sheply to the Sun Tavern, King Street, and did give them some oysters. After that I went by water home, where I was angry with my wife for her things lying about, and in my passion kicked the little fine basket, which I bought her in Holland, and broke it, which troubled me after I had done it. Within all the afternoon setting up shelves in my study. At night to bed.

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On 13 Oct 1668 Robert Sutton 1st Baron Lexinton (age 73) died. His son Robert Sutton 2nd Baron Lexinton (age 6) succeeded 2nd Baron Lexinton.

On 13 Oct 1698 Leopold Duke of Lorraine (age 19) and Élisabeth Charlotte Bourbon Duchess Lorraine (age 22) were married. She by marriage Duchess Lorraine. She the daughter of Philip Bourbon I Duke Orléans (age 58) and Elizabeth Charlotte Palatinate Simmern Duchess Orléans (age 46). She a great x 2 granddaughter of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland.

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PAINTINGS/HIGHMORE/Theophilus_Hastings.jpgBefore 13 Oct 1746. Attributed to Joseph Highmore (age 54). Portrait belived to be of Theophilus Hastings 9th Earl Huntingdon (age 49).

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On 13 Oct 1791 Charles Alexander Hohenzollern Margrave Brandenburg Ansbach (age 55) and Elizabeth Berkeley Margrave Brandenburg Ansbach (age 40) were married at Lisbon. She by marriage Margravine Brandenburg Ansbach. She the daughter of Augustus Berkeley 4th Earl Berkeley and Elizabeth Drax Countess Berkeley and Nugent (age 71). He a great grandson of King George I of Great Britain and Ireland. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 13 Oct 1805 Charlotte Murray Duchess Atholl (age 74) died. Her son John Murray 4th Duke Atholl (age 50) succeeded 9th Baron Strange Knockin 4C 1628.

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On 13 Oct 1860 William Frederick North 12th Baron North was born to William Henry Doyle aka North 11th Baron North (age 24).

On 13 Oct 1862 John Francis Arundell 12th Baron Arundel (age 30) and Anne Lucy Errington Baroness Arundel Wardour (age 19) were married. She by marriage Baroness Arundel Wardour in Wiltshire.

On 13 Oct 1878 Montagu Brownlow Parker 5th Earl Morley was born to Albert Parker 3rd Earl Morley (age 35) and Margaret Holford Countess Morley (age 23).

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On 13 Oct 1891 Arthur Robert Mills 3rd Baron Hillingdon was born to Charles Mills 2nd Baron Hillingdon (age 36) and Alice Marion Harbord Baroness Fitzwalter (age 34).

First World War

On 13 Oct 1914 Maximilian Friedrich Hesse-Kassel (age 19) was killed.

After 13 Oct 1915. Hasting's Chapel St Helen's Church Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Leicestershire [Map]. Monument to Captain Paulyn Charles James Reginald Abney-Hastings (deceased) and Edward Hugh Hastings Abney-Hastings (deceased), brothers, who died on active service within one month of one another.

Captain Paulyn Charles James Reginald Abney-Hastings: On 27 Nov 1889 he was born to Major Paulyn Abney-Hastings (age 33) and Maud Grimston (age 32). On 13 Oct 1915 Captain Paulyn Charles James Reginald Abney-Hastings (age 25) was killed in action at the attack on the Hohenzollern Redoubt. Captain Rawdon-Hastings decided to attempt a bayonet attack and led his men.

Edward Hugh Hastings Abney-Hastings: On 31 Aug 1895 he was born to Major Paulyn Abney-Hastings (age 38) and Maud Grimston (age 38).

On 13 Oct 1924 Matthew White Ridley 3rd Viscount Ridley (age 21) and Ursula Lutyens were married.

On 13 Oct 1934 Robert Boyle 11th Earl Cork (age 69) died without issue. His second cousin William Henry Dudley Boyle 12th Earl Cork (age 60) succeeded 12th Earl Cork. Florence Cecilia Keppel Countess Cork (age 63) by marriage Countess Cork.

On 13 Oct 1992 John Francis Rodney 9th Baron Rodney (age 72) died.