14 Jun is in June.
On 14 Jun 1381 the mob gained access to the Tower of London [Map] capturing Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales (age 52), the future Henry IV King England (age 14), Joan Holland Duchess York (age 1) and Archbishop Simon Sudbury (age 65).
On 14 Jun 1467 the Tournament ended with a great banquet attended by King Edward IV of England (age 25) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England (age 30) at the Grocer's Hall. John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl of Worcester (age 40) and William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel (age 49) were present.
"Interrogatories ministered on the King's behalf [unto] John Fisher, D.D., late bishop [of Rochester]," in the Tower of London, 14 June 27 Hen. VIII., by Mr. Thomas Bedyll, [Dr. Aldridge,] Ric. Layton, and Ric. [Curwen], of the King's Council, in presence of Harry [Polstede and John] Whalley, and of John Ap Rice, notary public; with Fisher's answers.
1. Whether he would obey the King as Supreme Head of the Church of England? —He stands by the answer he made at his last examination, but will write with his own hand more at length.
2. Whether he will acknowledge the King's marriage with queen Anne to be lawful, and that with the lady Katharine to be invalid?—He would obey and swear to the Act of Succession; but desires to be pardoned answering this interrogatory absolutely.
3. For what cause he would not answer resolutely to the said interrogatories?—He desires not to be driven to answer, lest he fall in danger of the statutes.
Signed by John ap Rice as notary: J. R. Mutilated.
ii. Interrogatories ministered to Sir Thomas More.
1. Whether he had any communication with any person since he came to the Tower touching the Acts of Succession, of Supreme Head, or the Act wherein speaking certain words by (i.e. of) the King is made treason; and, if so, when, how often, with whom, and to what effect?
2. Whether he received letters of any man, or wrote to any, touching any of the said Acts; and, if so, how many, of whom, &c.
3. Whether these letters are forthcoming; and, if not, why they were done away, and by whose means?
4. Whether any man of this realm or without this realm sent him any letters or message exhorting him to persist in his opinion; and, if so, how many, of whom, when, and to what effect?
iii. The answers of Sir Thomas More to interrogatories ministered to him, 14 June 27 Hen. VIII., within the Tower of London, before Mr. Bedle, Dr. Aldridge, Dr. Layton, Dr. Curwen, in the presence of Polstede, Whalley and Rice aforesaid.
1. Never had any communication of such matters since he came to the Tower.
2. Had written divers scrolls or letters since then to Dr. Fisher, and received others from him, containing for the most part nothing but comforting words and thanks for meat and drink sent by one to the other. But about a quarter of a year after his coming to the Tower he wrote to Fisher, saying he had refused the oath of succession, and never intended to tell the Council why; and Fisher made him answer, showing how he had not refused to swear to the Succession. No other letters passed between them touching the King's affairs till the Council came to examine this deponent upon the Act of Supreme Head; but after his examination he received a letter of Fisher, desiring to know his answer. Replied by another letter, stating that he meant not to meddle, but fix his mind upon the passion of Christ; or that his answer was to that effect. He afterwards received another letter from Fisher, stating that he was informed the word maliciously was used in the statute, and suggesting that, therefore, a man who spoke nothing of malice did not offend the statute. He replied that he agreed with Fisher, but feared it would not be so interpreted. Did not report to Fisher his answer to the Council with the advice to make his own answer different lest the Council should suspect confederacy between them. After his last examination sent Fisher word by a letter, that Mr. Solicitor had informed him it was all one not to answer, and to say against the statute what a man would, as all the learned men of England would justify. He therefore said he could only reckon on the uttermost, and desired Fisher to pray for him as he would for Fisher.
Also considering that it would come to the ears of his daughter, Mr. Roper's wife, how the Council had been with him, and other things might be reported which would cause her to take sudden flight, and fearing that, being, as he thought, with child, she might take harm, he sent to her, both after his first examination and after his last, letters telling her the answers he had given, and that he could not tell what the end might be, but whatever it were he prayed her to take it patiently and pray for him. She had written him before divers letters advising him to accommodate himself to the King's pleasure, especially urging this in her last. Other letters he neither sent nor received from any person. George, the lieutenant's servant, carried the letters to and fro.
3. There is none of these letters forthcoming, where he knoweth. He would have had George to keep them, and George always said there was no better keeper than the fire. When he saw this he desired George to let some trusty friend read them, and if he saw any matter of importance in them he might report it to the Council and get thanks before any man, otherwise that he should deliver them. But George said he feared his master, the lieutenant, who had ordered him not to meddle with such matters, and so burned them.
Examined further, why he sent the said letters to Dr. Fisher? Replies that as they were both in one prison, and for one cause, he was glad to send to him, and hear from him again.
Signed as above: J. R.
iv. Interrogatories ministered to Sir Thomas More, the day, year, and place above recited, by the Council aforenamed, and in presence of the said witnesses; with his answers.
1. Whether he would obey the King as Supreme Head?—He can make no answer.
2. Whether he will acknowledge the King's marriage with queen Anne to be lawful, and that with lady Katharine invalid?—Never spoke against it, "nor thereunto [can] make no answer."
3. Where it was objected to him that by the said statute he, as one of the King's subjects, is bound to answer the said question, and re[cogni]se the King as Supreme Head, like all other subjects.—He can make no answer.
Notarial signature mutilated.
All the above papers are in the same hand, and form one document.
On 14 Jun 1538 Christopher Conyers 2nd Baron Conyers (age 47) died. His son John Conyers 3rd Baron Conyers (age 14) succeeded 3rd Baron Conyers 1C 1509. Being underage he would have become the ward of someone? Possibly Henry Clifford 1st Earl of Cumberland (age 45) whose daughter Maud Clifford Baroness Conyers (age 15) he subsequently married the folowing year.
On 14 Jun 1541 William La Marck Duke of Jülich Cleves Berg (age 24) and Maria Habsburg Spain Duchess Cleves (age 10) were married. She the daughter of Ferdinand I Holy Roman Emperor (age 38) and Anne Jagiellon Holy Roman Empress (age 37). He the son of John La Marck III Duke Cleves and Maria Jülich Berg Duchess Cleves. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.
On 14 Jun 1544 Antoine Lorraine I Duke Lorraine (age 55) died. His son Francis Lorraine I Duke Lorraine (age 26) succeeded I Duke Lorraine. Christina Oldenburg Duchess Lorraine (age 22) by marriage Duchess Lorraine.
Henry Machyn's Diary. 14 Jun 1555. The xiiij day (of) Juin was a proclamassyon [that all] bokes shuld be broyth [brought] in of Luter, Tendalles, .... and Coverdals (age 67) and bysshope Cremer (age 65), and all shyche as .... shuys and all hereses bokes, and he that dyd nott [bring them] in with-in the xv days after shuld go to presun with-owt prysse, of what degre they be of.
Note. P. 90. Proclamation for bringing in heretical books. A printed copy of this, dated 13 June, is in the collection at the Society of Antiquaries: it is inserted in Foxe's Actes and Monuments, vol. iii. p. 271. Of its objects see also Strype, Mem. vol. iii. p. 250.
On 14 Jun 1557 Jean Bourbon Count Soissons and Enghien (age 28) and Marie Bourbon (age 18) were married. She the daughter of Francis Bourbon Duke Estouteville and Adrienne Estouteville Duchess Estouteville (age 44). He the son of Charles Bourbon Duke Vendôme and Françoise Valois Alençon Countess Vendôme. They were first cousins.
Henry Machyn's Diary. 14 Jun 1562. The xiiij day of June whent unto the quen (age 28) at Greenwich [Map] the sam prophett that men calle hym Helyas Hall; and master (blank) dyd pryche - master Pylkyntun (age 42), and declared of hym and off ys levyng.
Note. P. 284. Helyas Hall. The real name of this prophet was Elizeus Hall: many particulars respecting him will be found in Strype, Annals, chap. 25.
Henry Machyn's Diary. 14 Jun 1563. The xiiij day of June the Quen('s) (age 29) grace removyd from Whythall by water toward Grenwyche [Map], and a-bowt Ratclyff [Map] and Lymhowse [Map] capten Stukely dyd shuwe here grace the pleysur that cold be on the water with shuttyng of gones after lyke warle with plahhyng of drumes and trum[pets.]
On 14 Jun 1595 Godfrey Foljambe (age 36) died at Bedale. On 12 Feb 1623 Isabel Wray Baroness Darcy Aston died. Monument in St Mary and All Saints Church, Chesterfield [Map] to Godfrey Foljambe (age 36) and Isabel Wray Baroness Darcy Aston.
On 14 Jun 1603 Henry Frederick Stewart Prince of Wales (age 9) was appointed 393rd Knight of the Garter by King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland (age 36).
Before 14 Jun 1643 Charles Longueville 12th Baron Grey of Ruthyn (age 31) and Frances Neville were married.
John Lucas 1st Baron Lucas Shenfield (age 38) fought for the King.
Colonel John Russell (age 25) was wounded.
In Jun 1660 King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 30) rewarded those who supported his Restoration ...
7th John Langham 1st Baronet (age 76) was created 1st Baronet Langham of Cottesbrooke in Northamptonshire.
13th Nicholas Gould 1st Baronet was created 1st Baronet Gould of the City of London.
22nd Robert Cordell 1st Baronet was created 1st Baronet Cordell of Long Melford.
28th Oliver St John 1st Baronet (age 36) was created 1st Baronet St John of Woodford in Northamptonshire 1660.
In Jun 1661 King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 31) created new Baronetcies and Peerages ...
13 Jun 1661 Thomas Adams 1st Baronet (age 75) was created 1st Baronet Adams of London.
On 17 Jun 1661 ...
Abraham Cullen 1st Baronet (age 37) was created 1st Baronet Cullen of East Sheen in Surrey.
James Rushout 1st Baronet (age 17) was created 1st Baronet Rushout of Northwick Park in Worcestershire aged only seveneteen.
18 Jun 1661 Henry Winchcombe 1st Baronet (age 18) was created 1st Baronet Winchcombe of Bucklebury in Berkshire.
Before 14 Jun 1662 Henry Vane "The Younger" (age 49) was arrested. He was exempted from the Indemnity and Oblivion Act. He was indicted on high treason by a Middlesex grand jury after charges were presented by the king's attorney general Sir Geoffrey Palmer (age 64) assisted by John Kelyng Lord Chief Justice (age 54).
Pepy's Diary. 14 Jun 1662. Up by four o'clock in the morning and upon business at my office. Then we sat down to business, and about 11 o'clock, having a room got ready for us, we all went out to the Tower-hill [Map]; and there, over against the scaffold, made on purpose this day, saw Sir Henry Vane (age 49) brought1. A very great press of people. He made a long speech, many times interrupted by the Sheriff and others there; and they would have taken his paper out of his hand, but he would not let it go. But they caused all the books of those that writ after him to be given the Sheriff; and the trumpets were brought under the scaffold that he might not be heard. Then he prayed, and so fitted himself, and received the blow; but the scaffold was so crowded that we could not see it done. But Boreman, who had been upon the scaffold, came to us and told us, that first he began to speak of the irregular proceeding against him; that he was, against Magna Charta, denied to have his exceptions against the indictment allowed; and that there he was stopped by the Sheriff. Then he drew out his, paper of notes, and begun to tell them first his life; that he was born a gentleman, that he was bred up and had the quality of a gentleman, and to make him in the opinion of the world more a gentleman, he had been, till he was seventeen years old, a good fellow, but then it pleased God to lay a foundation of grace in his heart, by which he was persuaded, against his worldly interest, to leave all preferment and go abroad, where he might serve God with more freedom. Then he was called home, and made a member of the Long Parliament; where he never did, to this day, any thing against his conscience, but all for the glory of God. Here he would have given them an account of the proceedings of the Long Parliament, but they so often interrupted him, that at last he was forced to give over: and so fell into prayer for England in generall, then for the churches in England, and then for the City of London: and so fitted himself for the block, and received the blow. He had a blister, or issue, upon his neck, which he desired them not hurt: he changed not his colour or speech to the last, but died justifying himself and the cause he had stood for; and spoke very confidently of his being presently at the right hand of Christ; and in all, things appeared the most resolved man that ever died in that manner, and showed more of heat than cowardize, but yet with all humility and gravity. One asked him why he did not pray for the King (age 32). He answered, "Nay", says he, "you shall see I can pray for the King (age 32): I pray God bless him!" the King (age 32) had given his body to his friends; and, therefore, he told them that he hoped they would be civil to his body when dead; and desired they would let him die like a gentleman and a Christian, and not crowded and pressed as he was.
Note 1. Sir Harry Vane (age 49) the younger was born 1612. Charles (age 32) signed on June 12th a warrant for the execution of Vane by hanging at Tyburn [Map] on the 14th, which sentence on the following day "upon humble suit made" to him, Charles was "graciously pleased to mitigate", as the warrant terms it, for the less ignominious punishment of beheading on Tower Hill [Map], and with permission that the head and body should be given to the relations to be by them decently and privately interred.- Lister's Life of Clarendon, ii, 123.
On 14 Jun 1662 Henry Vane "The Younger" (age 49) was beheaded at Tower Hill [Map] for treason against King Charles II (age 32). He had been sentenced to be hanged, drawn and quartered, however, King Charles II (age 32) commuted the sentence to beheading.
Evelyn's Diary. 08 Jun 1665. Came news of his highness's (age 35) victory, which indeed might have been a complete one, and at once ended the war, had it been pursued, but the cowardice of some, or treachery, or both, frustrated that. We had, however, bonfires, bells, and rejoicing in the city. Next day, the 9th, I had instant orders to repair to the Downs, so as I got to Rochester [Map] this evening. Next day I lay at Deal [Map], where I found all in readiness: but, the fleet being hindered by contrary winds, I came away on the 12th, and went to Dover [Map], and returned to Deal [Map]; and on the 13th, hearing the fleet was at Solbay, I went homeward, and lay at Chatham [Map], and on the 14th, I got home. On the 15th, came the eldest son of the present Secretary of State to the French King, with much other company, to dine with me. After dinner, I went with him to London, to speak to my Lord General for more guards, and gave his Majesty (age 35) an account of my journey to the coasts under my inspection. I also waited on his Royal Highness (age 31), now come triumphant from the fleet, gotten into repair. See the whole history of this conflict in my "History of the Dutch War"..
Pepy's Diary. 14 Jun 1667. Up, and to the office; where Mr. fryer comes and tells me that there are several Frenchmen and Flemish ships in the River, with passes from the Duke of York (age 33) for carrying of prisoners, that ought to be parted from the rest of the ships, and their powder taken, lest they do fire themselves when the enemy comes, and so spoil us; which is good advice, and I think I will give notice of it; and did so. But it is pretty odd to see how every body, even at this high time of danger, puts business off of their own hands! He says that he told this to the Lieutenant of the Tower (age 52), to whom I, for the same reason, was directing him to go; and the Lieutenant of the Tower bade him come to us, for he had nothing to do with it; and yesterday comes Captain Crew, of one of the fireships, and told me that the officers of the Ordnance would deliver his gunner's materials, but not compound them1, 2 but that we must do it; whereupon I was forced to write to them about it; and one that like a great many come to me this morning by and by comes-Mr. Wilson, and by direction of his, a man of Mr. Gawden's; who come from Chatham [Map] last night, and saw the three ships burnt, they lying all dry, and boats going from the men-of-war and fire them. But that, that he tells me of worst consequence is, that he himself, I think he said, did hear many Englishmen on board the Dutch ships speaking to one another in English; and that they did cry and say, "We did heretofore fight for tickets; now we fight for dollars!" and did ask how such and such a one did, and would commend themselves to them: which is a sad consideration.
Note 1. Meaning, apparently, that the Ordnance would deliver the charcoal, sulphur, and saltpetre separately, but not mix them as gunpowder.
Note 2. The want of ammunition when the Dutch burnt the fleet, and the revenge of the deserter sailors, are well described by Marvell "Our Seamen, whom no danger's shape could fright, Unpaid, refuse to mount their ships, for spite Or to their fellows swim, on board the Dutch, Who show the tempting metal in their clutch.
On 07 Jun 1673 and 14 Jun 1673 two naval battles took place between an allied Anglo-French fleet commanded by Prince Rupert Palatinate Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland (age 53) on his flagship the Royal Charles, and the fleet of the United Provinces, commanded by Admiral Michiel de Ruyter (age 66). The Dutch won both battles.
The Gloucester took part.
On 14 Jun 1689 Conyers Darcy 1st Earl Holderness (age 90) died. His son Conyers Darcy 2nd Earl Holderness (age 67) succeeded 2nd Earl Holderness 3C 1682, 9th Baron Darcy of Knayth, 6th Baron Conyers 1C 1509, 3rd Baron Darcy of Meinhill. Elizabeth Freschville Countess Holderness (age 55) by marriage Countess Holderness.
On 14 Jun 1725 Nicholas Barnewall 3rd Viscount Barnewall (age 57) died.
On 14 Jun 1794 Francis Seymour-Conway 1st Marquess Hertford (age 75) died. His son Francis Ingram Seymour-Conway 2nd Marquess Hertford (age 51) succeeded 2nd Marquess Hertford 2C 1793, 2nd Earl Hertford 5C 1750, 2nd Earl of Yarmouth 3C 1740, 2nd Viscount Beauchamp 2C 1750, 3rd Baron Conway of Ragley in Warwickshire 1C 1703 England, 3rd Baron Conway of Killultagh in Antrim. Isabella Anne Ingram Marchioness Hertford (age 35) by marriage Marchioness Hertford. The estate was worth £70000 a year, and included Ragley Hall Alcester, Sudbourne Hall Sudbourne and estates in Ireland.
On 14 Jun 1804 John Byng 1st Earl Strafford (age 32) and Mary Stevens Mackenzie were married.
On 14 Jun 1814 Frederick Christian Oldenburg II Duke Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg (age 48) died at Augustenborg, Als Island. His son Christian August Oldenburg II Duke Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg (age 15) succeeded Aug II Duke Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg.
On 14 Jun 1866 John Baptist Dormer 12th Baron Dormer (age 36) and Louisa Frances Mary King-Tenison were married.
On 14 Jun 1906 James Graham 6th Duke Montrose (age 28) and Mary Louise Douglas Hamilton Duchess Montrose (age 21) were married. She the daughter of William Douglas Hamilton 12th Duke Hamilton 9th Duke Brandon and Mary Louisa Elizabeth Montagu Duchess Hamilton Duchess Brandon (age 51). He the son of Douglas Beresford Malise Ronald Graham 5th Duke Montrose (age 53) and Violet Hermione Graham Duchess Montrose (age 51). They were third cousin once removed.
On 14 Jun 1908 Frederick Arthur Stanley 16th Earl of Derby (age 67) died. His son Edward George Villiers Stanley 17th Earl of Derby (age 43) succeeded 17th Earl Derby 3C 1485, 11th Baronet Stanley of Bickerstaffe. Alice Maude Olivia Montagu Countess Derby (age 45) by marriage Countess Derby.
14 Jun 1913. The Central News reported:
Emily Wilding Davison's (deceased) funeral procession passing Piccadilly Circus [Map], 14th June 1913. Following her tragic death, Davison was instantly embraced as a martyr to the cause. On 14 June 1913 her body was borne on an open hearse through London to a memoroial service at St George's Church, Bloomsbury before being taken by train to Morpeth, Northumberland [Map] for a family funeral. The funeral procession (the last great suffrage march) was organised by fellow suffragette Grace Roe, and the memorial service was presided over by clergy from the Church League for Women's Suffrage.
Emily Wilding Davison: On 11 Oct 1872 he was born. On 04 Jun 1913 Emily Wilding Davison (age 40) was hit by the King's (age 48) horse Anmer after she had stepped into its path at Tattenham Corner during the Derby at Epsom Racecourse. The jockey Herbert Jones was injured. The King (age 48) and Queen (age 46) were present. The King recorded in his diary "a most regrettable and scandalous proceeding". She was operated on two days later, but she never regained consciousness. On 08 Jun 1913 Emily Wilding Davison (age 40) died from a fracture at the base of her skull.
After 14 Jun 1918. Monument to Reverend Robert Behoe Radcliffe at St Helen's Church Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Leicestershire [Map]. This monument replacing one that fell on 14 Jun 1918.
On 14 Jun 1923 Henry Hugh Arthur Fitzroy Somerset 10th Duke Beaufort (age 23) and Mary Cambridge Duchess Beaufort (age 26) were married. Mary Cambridge Duchess Beaufort by marriage Duchess Beaufort. She the daughter of Adolphus Cambridge Duke Teck (age 54) and Margaret Evelyn Grosvenor Duchess Teck (age 50). He the son of Henry Adelbert Wellington Fitzroy 9th Duke Beaufort (age 76) and Louise Emily Harford 9th Duchess Beaufort (age 58). They were half fourth cousins. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King George III of Great Britain and Ireland.
On 14 Jun 1924 Thomas Cholmondeley 4th Baron Delamere (age 23) and Phyllis Anne Montagu-Douglas-Scott Baroness Delamere (age 20) were married.
On 14 Jun 1925 Robert Walter Sigismund Grimston 2nd Baron Grimston was born to Robert Villiers Grimston 1st Baron Grimston (age 28) and Sybil Rose Neumann Baroness Grimston.
On 14 Jun 1926 Windham Wyndham-Quin 4th Earl of Dunraven and Mount Earl (age 85) died. His first cousin Windham Wyndham-Quin 5th Earl of Dunraven and Mount Earl (age 69) succeeded 5th Earl Dunraven and Mount Earl, 5th Viscount Mount Earl, 5th Baron Adare.
On 14 Jun 1929 the Duke of Windsor (age 34) and Thelma Morgan Viscountess Furness (age 24) met at the Leicestershire Agricultural Show. Edward asked her to dine and they met regularly until she joined him on safari in East Africa early in 1930, when a closer relationship developed. On Edward's return to Britain in April 1930 she was his regular weekend companion at the newly acquired Fort Belvedere until January 1934.
On 14 Jun 1931 Algernon Lawley 5th Baron Wenlock (age 74) died. His brother Arthur Lawley 6th Baron Wenlock (age 70) succeeded 6th Baron Wenlock of Wenlock in Shropshire 2C 1839, 13th Baronet Lawley of Spoonhill in Shropshire which titles he enjoyed for a year dying a year later on the same day as his brother. Annie Allen Cunard Baroness Wenlock (age 68) by marriage Baroness Wenlock.
On 14 Jun 1939 Ivor Churchill Guest 1st Viscount Wimborne (age 66) died. His son Ivor Grosvenor Guest 2nd Viscount Wimborne (age 36) succeeded 2nd Viscount Wimborne of Canford Magna in Dorset, 2nd Baron Ashby St Ledgers of Ashby St Ledgers in Northampton, 3rd Baron Wimborne of Canford Magna in Dorset, 4th Baronet Guest of Dowlais in Glamorganshire. Mabel Edith Fox-Strangways Viscountess Wimborne (age 21) by marriage Viscountess Wimborne of Canford Magna in Dorset.
On 14 Jun 1945 William Waldorf Astor 3rd Viscount Astor (age 37) and Sarah Norton Viscountess Astor (age 25) were married. They had met one month before at a VE-Day cocktail party given by her aunt Katherine "Kitty" Kinloch Baroness Brownlow (age 39) having become engaged five days later.
On 14 Jun 1958 (his seventieth birthday) Hugh William Fortescue 5th Earl Fortescue (age 70) died four days after the death of his wife. His only son had been killed at the Battle of El Alamein. His brother Denzil George Fortescue 6th Earl Fortescue (age 65) succeeded 6th Earl Fortescue, 6th Viscount Ebrington of Ebrington in Gloucestershire. Marjorie Ellinor Trotter Countess Fortescue (age 64) by marriage Countess Fortescue.