On this Day in History ... 14th June

14 Jun is in June.

1381 Peasants' Revolt

1467 Tournament Bastard of Burgundy

1535 Execution of Bishop Fisher and Thomas More

1555 Banning of Protestant Books

1645 Battle of Naseby

1658 Battle of the Dunes

1660 June Creation of Baronets

1661 Creation of Baronets and Peerages by Charles II Post Coronation

1662 Trial and Execution of Henry Vane "The Younger"

1665 Battle of Lowestoft

1667 Raid on the Medway

1673 Battles of Schooneveld

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 14th June

On 14 Jun 1381 the mob gained access to the Tower of London [Map] capturing Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales (age 52), the future King Henry IV of England (age 14), Joan Holland Duchess York (age 1) and Archbishop Simon Sudbury (age 65).

Archbishop Simon Sudbury (age 65) was beheaded at Tower Hill [Map]. He was buried at Canterbury Cathedral [Map].

Lord Treasurer Robert Hales (age 56), who had only been appointed on the 1st February 1381, was beheaded at Tower Hill [Map].

On 14 Jun 1467 the Tournament ended with a great banquet attended by King Edward IV of England (age 25) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England (age 30) at the Grocer's Hall. John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl of Worcester (age 40) and William Fitzalan 16th Earl of Arundel (age 49) were present.

On 14 Jun 1516 Jean III King Navarre (age 47) died. His wife Catherine Grailly I Queen Navarre (age 48) continued to reign.

Letters and Papers 1530. 14 Jun 1530. Add. MS. 28,580, f. 145. B. M. 6452. Mai to Charles V (age 30). Arguments used to the Pope against delay. They say it is the Duke of Norfolk's (age 57) daughter-in-law who is dead, and that Boleyn desires to marry his (the Duke's) son to Mistress Anne (age 29),-which may be believed as being good for all parties; first, for her, as she cannot marry the King, that she should marry the greatest lord in the realm; and secondly, to the King, as he cannot marry her. This is the third version of the story; I hope the true one at last. Yesterday the auditor of the Chamber and Benet asked brother Felice de Prato to write for the King, and he refused, neither would he show them what he had written on our behalf. Rome, 14 June 1530.

Note. Unclear as to who the Duke of Norfolk's daughter-in-law is since his son Henry Howard (age 14) appears to have only married Frances Vere Countess of Surrey (age 13) who survived until 1577.

Letters and Papers 1535. 14 Jun 1535. R. O. St. P. i. 431. 867. Bishop Fisher (age 65) and Sir Thomas More (age 57).

"Interrogatories ministered on the King's behalf [unto] John Fisher, D.D., late bishop [of Rochester]," in the Tower of London, 14 June 27 Hen. VIII., by Mr. Thomas Bedyll, [Dr. Aldridge,] Ric. Layton, and Ric. [Curwen], of the King's Council, in presence of Harry [Polstede and John] Whalley, and of John Ap Rice, notary public; with Fisher's answers.

1. Whether he would obey the King as Supreme Head of the Church of England? —He stands by the answer he made at his last examination, but will write with his own hand more at length.

2. Whether he will acknowledge the King's marriage with queen Anne to be lawful, and that with the lady Katharine to be invalid?—He would obey and swear to the Act of Succession; but desires to be pardoned answering this interrogatory absolutely.

3. For what cause he would not answer resolutely to the said interrogatories?—He desires not to be driven to answer, lest he fall in danger of the statutes.

Signed by John ap Rice as notary: J. R. Mutilated.

ii. Interrogatories ministered to Sir Thomas More.

1. Whether he had any communication with any person since he came to the Tower touching the Acts of Succession, of Supreme Head, or the Act wherein speaking certain words by (i.e. of) the King is made treason; and, if so, when, how often, with whom, and to what effect?

2. Whether he received letters of any man, or wrote to any, touching any of the said Acts; and, if so, how many, of whom, &c.

3. Whether these letters are forthcoming; and, if not, why they were done away, and by whose means?

4. Whether any man of this realm or without this realm sent him any letters or message exhorting him to persist in his opinion; and, if so, how many, of whom, when, and to what effect?

iii. The answers of Sir Thomas More to interrogatories ministered to him, 14 June 27 Hen. VIII., within the Tower of London, before Mr. Bedle, Dr. Aldridge, Dr. Layton, Dr. Curwen, in the presence of Polstede, Whalley and Rice aforesaid.

1. Never had any communication of such matters since he came to the Tower.

2. Had written divers scrolls or letters since then to Dr. Fisher, and received others from him, containing for the most part nothing but comforting words and thanks for meat and drink sent by one to the other. But about a quarter of a year after his coming to the Tower he wrote to Fisher, saying he had refused the oath of succession, and never intended to tell the Council why; and Fisher made him answer, showing how he had not refused to swear to the Succession. No other letters passed between them touching the King's affairs till the Council came to examine this deponent upon the Act of Supreme Head; but after his examination he received a letter of Fisher, desiring to know his answer. Replied by another letter, stating that he meant not to meddle, but fix his mind upon the passion of Christ; or that his answer was to that effect. He afterwards received another letter from Fisher, stating that he was informed the word maliciously was used in the statute, and suggesting that, therefore, a man who spoke nothing of malice did not offend the statute. He replied that he agreed with Fisher, but feared it would not be so interpreted. Did not report to Fisher his answer to the Council with the advice to make his own answer different lest the Council should suspect confederacy between them. After his last examination sent Fisher word by a letter, that Mr. Solicitor had informed him it was all one not to answer, and to say against the statute what a man would, as all the learned men of England would justify. He therefore said he could only reckon on the uttermost, and desired Fisher to pray for him as he would for Fisher.

Also considering that it would come to the ears of his daughter, Mr. Roper's wife, how the Council had been with him, and other things might be reported which would cause her to take sudden flight, and fearing that, being, as he thought, with child, she might take harm, he sent to her, both after his first examination and after his last, letters telling her the answers he had given, and that he could not tell what the end might be, but whatever it were he prayed her to take it patiently and pray for him. She had written him before divers letters advising him to accommodate himself to the King's pleasure, especially urging this in her last. Other letters he neither sent nor received from any person. George, the lieutenant's servant, carried the letters to and fro.

3. There is none of these letters forthcoming, where he knoweth. He would have had George to keep them, and George always said there was no better keeper than the fire. When he saw this he desired George to let some trusty friend read them, and if he saw any matter of importance in them he might report it to the Council and get thanks before any man, otherwise that he should deliver them. But George said he feared his master, the lieutenant, who had ordered him not to meddle with such matters, and so burned them.

4. No.

Examined further, why he sent the said letters to Dr. Fisher? Replies that as they were both in one prison, and for one cause, he was glad to send to him, and hear from him again.

Signed as above: J. R.

iv. Interrogatories ministered to Sir Thomas More, the day, year, and place above recited, by the Council aforenamed, and in presence of the said witnesses; with his answers.

1. Whether he would obey the King as Supreme Head?—He can make no answer.

2. Whether he will acknowledge the King's marriage with queen Anne to be lawful, and that with lady Katharine invalid?—Never spoke against it, "nor thereunto [can] make no answer."

3. Where it was objected to him that by the said statute he, as one of the King's subjects, is bound to answer the said question, and re[cogni]se the King as Supreme Head, like all other subjects.—He can make no answer.

Notarial signature mutilated.

Mutilated.

All the above papers are in the same hand, and form one document.

Letters 1536. 14 Jun 1536. Royal MS. 7 C. xvi. 36. B. M. 1132. Apparel and Jewels.

Receipt by William Ibgrave, embroiderer to the King, from Antony Denny, of 18 emeralds and 29 letters of I., each containing nine pearls, all set in gold, to be set upon the foresleeves and placard of a doublet. 14 June 28 Henry VIII. Signed. Endd.

Royal MS. 7 C. xvi. 37. B. M. 2. Receipt by William Ibgrave from the King of 28 score pearls, to be bestowed on his doublet and the Queen's (age 27) sleeves, and the rest to be returned to the King. 10 May. Signed.

Royal MS. 7 C. xvi. 33. B. M. 3. Memorandum of the delivery of 1,562 pearls to Epigrave, embroiderer, for the hinder part of the Queen's (age 27) kirtle. Signed: Per me, Wyllm. Ibgrave.

Endd.: The embroiderer's bills, testifying the receipt of certain jewels.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 14 Jun 1555. The xiiij day (of) Juin was a proclamassyon [that all] bokes shuld be broyth [brought] in of Luter, Tendalles, .... and Coverdals (age 67) and bysshope Cremer (age 65), and all shyche as .... shuys and all hereses bokes, and he that dyd nott [bring them] in with-in the xv days after shuld go to presun with-owt prysse, of what degre they be of.

Note. P. 90. Proclamation for bringing in heretical books. A printed copy of this, dated 13 June, is in the collection at the Society of Antiquaries: it is inserted in Foxe's Actes and Monuments, vol. iii. p. 271. Of its objects see also Strype, Mem. vol. iii. p. 250.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 14 Jun 1562. The xiiij day of June whent unto the quen (age 28) at Greenwich [Map] the sam prophett that men calle hym Helyas Hall; and master (blank) dyd pryche - master Pylkyntun (age 42), and declared of hym and off ys levyng.

Note. P. 284. Helyas Hall. The real name of this prophet was Elizeus Hall: many particulars respecting him will be found in Strype, Annals, chap. 25.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 14 Jun 1563. The xiiij day of June the Quen('s) (age 29) grace removyd from Whythall by water toward Grenwyche [Map], and a-bowt Ratclyff [Map] and Lymhowse [Map] capten Stukely dyd shuwe here grace the pleysur that cold be on the water with shuttyng of gones after lyke warle with plahhyng of drumes and trum[pets.]

On 14 Jun 1595 Godfrey Foljambe (age 36) died at Bedale. On 12 Feb 1623 Isabel Wray Baroness Darcy died. Monument in St Mary and All Saints Church, Chesterfield [Map] to Godfrey Foljambe (age 36) and Isabel Wray Baroness Darcy.

Godfrey Foljambe: Godfrey Foljambe and Isabel Wray Baroness Darcy were married. On 21 Nov 1558 he was born to Godfrey Foljambe and Troth Tyrwhitt at Walton.

Isabel Wray Baroness Darcy: she was born to Christopher Wray and Anne Girlington. After 14 Jun 1595 William Bowes and she were married. On 07 May 1617 John Darcy 3rd Baron Darcy Aston and she were married. She by marriage Baroness Darcy of Aston.

Diary of Isabella Twysden 1645. 14 Jun 1645. the 14 of June Sr Tho: farfax had a great victory at nasby where he took 12 peces of ornance 4000 foote sholders, and the Sc. letters.

On 14 Jun 1645 Maurice Palatinate Simmern (age 24) fought at Naseby, Northamptonshire [Map] during the Battle of Naseby for the Royalist army.

John Lucas 1st Baron Lucas Shenfield (age 38) fought for the King.

Colonel John Russell (age 25) was wounded.

On 14 Jun 1657 William Blackett 1st Baronet was born to William Blackett 1st Baronet (age 36) and Elizabeth Kirkley.

On 14 Jun 1658 the French and English Commonwealth armies were victorious over the Spanish and English Royalist armies at the Battle of the Dunes near Dunkirk. Vice-Admiral William Goodson took part.

In Jun 1660 King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 30) rewarded those who supported his Restoration ...

6th William Wray 1st Baronet (age 35) and John Talbot of Lacock (age 29) were knighted.

7th Geoffrey Palmer 1st Baronet (age 62) was created 1st Baronet Palmer of Carlton in Northampton

7th Orlando Bridgeman 1st Baronet (age 54) was created 1st Baronet Bridgeman of Great Lever in Lancashire.

7th John Langham 1st Baronet (age 76) was created 1st Baronet Langham of Cottesbrooke in Northamptonshire.

11th Henry Wright 1st Baronet (age 23) was created 1st Baronet Wright of Dagenham. Ann Crew Lady Wright by marriage Lady Wright of Dagenham.

13th Nicholas Gould 1st Baronet was created 1st Baronet Gould of the City of London.

14th Thomas Allen 1st Baronet (age 27) was created 1st Baronet Allen of Totteridge in Middlesex.

18th Thomas Cullum 1st Baronet (age 73) was created 1st Baronet Cullum of Hastede in Suffolk.

19th Thomas Darcy 1st Baronet (age 28) was created 1st Baronet Darcy of St Osith's.

22nd Robert Cordell 1st Baronet was created 1st Baronet Cordell of Long Melford.

22nd John Robinson 1st Baronet (age 45) was created 1st Baronet Robinson of London. Anne Whitmore Lady Robinson (age 48) by marriage Lady Robinson of London.

25th William Bowyer 1st Baronet (age 47) was created 1st Baronet Bowyer of Denham Court. Margaret Weld Lady Bowyer (age 43) by marriage Lady Bowyer of Denham Court.

25th Thomas Stanley 1st Baronet (age 63) was created 1st Baronet Stanley of Alderley in Cheshire.

26th Jacob Astley 1st Baronet (age 21) was created 1st Baronet Astley of Hill Morton.

27th William Wray 1st Baronet (age 35) was created 1st Baronet Wray of Ashby in Lincolnshire. Olympia Tufton Lady Ashby (age 36) by marriage Lady Wray of Ashby in Lincolnshire.

28th Oliver St John 1st Baronet (age 36) was created 1st Baronet St John of Woodford in Northamptonshire.

29th Ralph Delaval 1st Baronet (age 37) was created 1st Baronet Delaval of Seaton in Northumberland. Anne Leslie Lady Delaval by marriage Lady Delaval of Seaton in Northumberland.

30th Andrew Henley 1st Baronet (age 38) was created 1st Baronet Henley of Henley in Somerset.

In Jun 1661 King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 31) created new Baronetcies and Peerages ...

05 Jun 1661 James Clavering 1st Baronet (age 41) was created 1st Baronet Clavering of Axwell in County Durham.

13 Jun 1661 Thomas Adams 1st Baronet (age 75) was created 1st Baronet Adams of London.

14 Jun 1661 Henry Moore 1st Earl Drogheda (age 39) was created 1st Earl Drogheda.

On 17 Jun 1661 ...

Godfrey Copley 1st Baronet (age 38) was created 1st Baronet Copley Sprotborough.

Abraham Cullen 1st Baronet (age 37) was created 1st Baronet Cullen of East Sheen in Surrey.

James Rushout 1st Baronet (age 17) was created 1st Baronet Rushout of Northwick Park in Worcestershire aged only seveneteen.

William Stanley 1st Baronet (age 33) was created 1st Baronet Stanley of Hooton in Cheshire. Charlotte Molyneux Lady Stanley by marriage Lady Stanley of Hooton in Cheshire.

Griffith Williams 1st Baronet was created 1st Baronet Williams of Penrhyn in Caernarfonshire.

18 Jun 1661 Thomas Vyner 1st Baronet (age 72) was created 1st Baronet Vyner of London.

18 Jun 1661 Henry Winchcombe 1st Baronet (age 18) was created 1st Baronet Winchcombe of Bucklebury in Berkshire.

26 Jun 1661 Theobald Taaffe 1st Earl Carlingford (age 58) was created 1st Earl Carlingford.

Before 14 Jun 1662 Henry Vane "The Younger" (age 49) was arrested. He was exempted from the Indemnity and Oblivion Act. He was indicted on high treason by a Middlesex grand jury after charges were presented by the king's attorney general Sir Geoffrey Palmer (age 64) assisted by John Kelyng (age 54).

Pepy's Diary. 14 Jun 1662. Up by four o'clock in the morning and upon business at my office. Then we sat down to business, and about 11 o'clock, having a room got ready for us, we all went out to the Tower-hill [Map]; and there, over against the scaffold, made on purpose this day, saw Sir Henry Vane (age 49) brought1. A very great press of people. He made a long speech, many times interrupted by the Sheriff and others there; and they would have taken his paper out of his hand, but he would not let it go. But they caused all the books of those that writ after him to be given the Sheriff; and the trumpets were brought under the scaffold that he might not be heard. Then he prayed, and so fitted himself, and received the blow; but the scaffold was so crowded that we could not see it done. But Boreman, who had been upon the scaffold, came to us and told us, that first he began to speak of the irregular proceeding against him; that he was, against Magna Charta, denied to have his exceptions against the indictment allowed; and that there he was stopped by the Sheriff. Then he drew out his, paper of notes, and begun to tell them first his life; that he was born a gentleman, that he was bred up and had the quality of a gentleman, and to make him in the opinion of the world more a gentleman, he had been, till he was seventeen years old, a good fellow, but then it pleased God to lay a foundation of grace in his heart, by which he was persuaded, against his worldly interest, to leave all preferment and go abroad, where he might serve God with more freedom. Then he was called home, and made a member of the Long Parliament; where he never did, to this day, any thing against his conscience, but all for the glory of God. Here he would have given them an account of the proceedings of the Long Parliament, but they so often interrupted him, that at last he was forced to give over: and so fell into prayer for England in generall, then for the churches in England, and then for the City of London: and so fitted himself for the block, and received the blow. He had a blister, or issue, upon his neck, which he desired them not hurt: he changed not his colour or speech to the last, but died justifying himself and the cause he had stood for; and spoke very confidently of his being presently at the right hand of Christ; and in all, things appeared the most resolved man that ever died in that manner, and showed more of heat than cowardize, but yet with all humility and gravity. One asked him why he did not pray for the King (age 32). He answered, "Nay", says he, "you shall see I can pray for the King (age 32): I pray God bless him!" the King (age 32) had given his body to his friends; and, therefore, he told them that he hoped they would be civil to his body when dead; and desired they would let him die like a gentleman and a Christian, and not crowded and pressed as he was.

Note 1. Sir Harry Vane (age 49) the younger was born 1612. Charles (age 32) signed on June 12th a warrant for the execution of Vane by hanging at Tyburn [Map] on the 14th, which sentence on the following day "upon humble suit made" to him, Charles was "graciously pleased to mitigate", as the warrant terms it, for the less ignominious punishment of beheading on Tower Hill [Map], and with permission that the head and body should be given to the relations to be by them decently and privately interred.- Lister's Life of Clarendon, ii, 123.

On 14 Jun 1662 Henry Vane "The Younger" (age 49) was beheaded at Tower Hill [Map] for treason against King Charles II (age 32). He had been sentenced to be hanged, drawn and quartered, however, King Charles II (age 32) commuted the sentence to beheading.

Pepy's Diary. 14 Jun 1663. By and by in comes Sir J. Minnes (age 64) and Sir W. Batten (age 62), and so we sat talking. Among other things, Sir J. Minnes (age 64) brought many fine expressions of Chaucer, which he doats on mightily, and without doubt he is a very fine poet1. Sir W. Pen (age 42) continues lame of the gout, that he cannot rise from his chair. So after staying an hour with him, we went home and to supper, and so to prayers and bed.

Note 1. Pepys continued through life an admirer of Chaucer, and we have the authority of Dryden (age 31) himself for saying that we owe his character of the Good Parson to Pepys's recommendation.

Evelyn's Diary. 08 Jun 1665. Came news of his highness's (age 35) victory, which indeed might have been a complete one, and at once ended the war, had it been pursued, but the cowardice of some, or treachery, or both, frustrated that. We had, however, bonfires, bells, and rejoicing in the city. Next day, the 9th, I had instant orders to repair to the Downs, so as I got to Rochester, Kent [Map] this evening. Next day I lay at Deal, Kent [Map], where I found all in readiness: but, the fleet being hindered by contrary winds, I came away on the 12th, and went to Dover, Kent [Map], and returned to Deal, Kent [Map]; and on the 13th, hearing the fleet was at Solbay, I went homeward, and lay at Chatham, Kent [Map], and on the 14th, I got home. On the 15th, came the eldest son of the present Secretary of State to the French King, with much other company, to dine with me. After dinner, I went with him to London, to speak to my Lord General for more guards, and gave his Majesty (age 35) an account of my journey to the coasts under my inspection. I also waited on his Royal Highness (age 31), now come triumphant from the fleet, gotten into repair. See the whole history of this conflict in my "History of the Dutch War"..

Pepy's Diary. 14 Jun 1666. Up, and to the office, and there sat all the morning. At noon dined at home, and thence with my wife and father to Hales's (age 66), and there looked only on my father's picture (which is mighty like); and so away to White Hall to a Committee for Tangier, where the Duke of York (age 32) was, and Sir W. Coventry (age 38), and a very full committee; and instead of having a very prejudiced meeting, they did, though indeed inclined against Yeabsly, yield to the greatest part of his account, so as to allow of his demands to the value of £7,000 and more, and only give time for him to make good his pretence to the rest; which was mighty joy to me: and so we rose up. But I must observe the force of money, which did make my Lord Ashly (age 44) to argue and behave himself in the business with the greatest friendship, and yet with all the discretion imaginable; and [it] will be a business of admonition and instruction to me concerning him (and other men, too, for aught I know) as long as I live.

Pepy's Diary. 14 Jun 1667. I have this morning good news from Gibson; three letters from three several stages, that he was safe last night as far as Royston [Map], at between nine and ten at night. The dismay that is upon us all, in the business of the Kingdom and Navy at this day, is not to be expressed otherwise than by the condition the citizens were in when the City was on fire, nobody knowing which way to turn themselves, while every thing concurred to greaten the fire; as here the easterly gale and spring-tides for coming up both rivers, and enabling them to break the chaine. D. Gauden did tell me yesterday, that the day before at the Council they were ready to fall together by the ears at the Council-table, arraigning one another of being guilty of the counsel that brought us into this misery, by laying up all the great ships. Mr. Hater tells me at noon that some rude people have been, as he hears, at my Chancellor's (age 58), where they have cut down the trees before his house and broke his windows; and a gibbet either set up before or painted upon his gate, and these three words writ: "Three sights to be seen; Dunkirke, Tangier, and a barren Queene (age 57)"1.

Note 1. "Pride, Lust, Ambition, and the People's Hate, the Kingdom's broker, ruin of the State, Dunkirk's sad loss, divider of the fleet, Tangier's compounder for a barren sheet This shrub of gentry, married to the crown, His daughter to the heir, is tumbled down". Poems on State Affairs, vol. i., p. 253. B.

Evelyn's Diary. 14 Jun 1667. I went to see the work at Woolwich, Kent [Map], a battery to prevent them coming up to London, which Prince Rupert (age 47) commanded, and sunk some ships in the river.

Pepy's Diary. 14 Jun 1667. Up, and to the office; where Mr. fryer comes and tells me that there are several Frenchmen and Flemish ships in the River, with passes from the Duke of York (age 33) for carrying of prisoners, that ought to be parted from the rest of the ships, and their powder taken, lest they do fire themselves when the enemy comes, and so spoil us; which is good advice, and I think I will give notice of it; and did so. But it is pretty odd to see how every body, even at this high time of danger, puts business off of their own hands! He says that he told this to the Lieutenant of the Tower (age 52), to whom I, for the same reason, was directing him to go; and the Lieutenant of the Tower bade him come to us, for he had nothing to do with it; and yesterday comes Captain Crew, of one of the fireships, and told me that the officers of the Ordnance would deliver his gunner's materials, but not compound them1, 2 but that we must do it; whereupon I was forced to write to them about it; and one that like a great many come to me this morning by and by comes-Mr. Wilson, and by direction of his, a man of Mr. Gawden's; who come from Chatham, Kent [Map] last night, and saw the three ships burnt, they lying all dry, and boats going from the men-of-war and fire them. But that, that he tells me of worst consequence is, that he himself, I think he said, did hear many Englishmen on board the Dutch ships speaking to one another in English; and that they did cry and say, "We did heretofore fight for tickets; now we fight for dollars!" and did ask how such and such a one did, and would commend themselves to them: which is a sad consideration.

Note 1. Meaning, apparently, that the Ordnance would deliver the charcoal, sulphur, and saltpetre separately, but not mix them as gunpowder.

Note 2. The want of ammunition when the Dutch burnt the fleet, and the revenge of the deserter sailors, are well described by Marvell "Our Seamen, whom no danger's shape could fright, Unpaid, refuse to mount their ships, for spite Or to their fellows swim, on board the Dutch, Who show the tempting metal in their clutch.

On 07 Jun 1673 and 14 Jun 1673 two naval battles took place between an allied Anglo-French fleet commanded by Prince Rupert Palatinate Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland (age 53) on his flagship the Royal Charles, and the fleet of the United Provinces, commanded by Admiral Michiel de Ruyter (age 66). The Dutch won both battles.

The Gloucester took part.

On 14 Jun 1726 Thomas Pennant was born.

14 Jun 1913. Funeral Procession of Emily Wilding Davison (deceased) at Morpeth [Map].

14 Jun 1913. Coffin of Emily Wilding Davison (deceased) at Victoria Station [Map].

14 Jun 1913. The Central News reported:

Emily Wilding Davison's (deceased) funeral procession passing Piccadilly Circus [Map], 14th June 1913. Following her tragic death, Davison was instantly embraced as a martyr to the cause. On 14 June 1913 her body was borne on an open hearse through London to a memoroial service at St George's Church, Bloomsbury before being taken by train to Morpeth, Northumberland [Map] for a family funeral. The funeral procession (the last great suffrage march) was organised by fellow suffragette Grace Roe, and the memorial service was presided over by clergy from the Church League for Women's Suffrage.

After 14 Jun 1918. Monument to Reverend Robert Behoe Radcliffe at St Helen's Church Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Leicestershire [Map]. This monument replacing one that fell on 14 Jun 1918.

On 14 Jun 1929 the Duke of Windsor (age 34) and Thelma Morgan Viscountess Furness (age 24) met at the Leicestershire Agricultural Show. Edward asked her to dine and they met regularly until she joined him on safari in East Africa early in 1930, when a closer relationship developed. On Edward's return to Britain in April 1930 she was his regular weekend companion at the newly acquired Fort Belvedere until January 1934.

Births on the 14th June

Around 14 Jun 1555 Henry Belasyse 1st Baronet was born to William Bellasis of Newburgh Priory in Yorkshire (age 31) and Margaret Fairfax (age 23).

On 14 Jun 1657 Margaret Coventry was born to George Coventry 3rd Baron Coventry (age 29) and Margaret Tufton Baroness Coventry (age 20).

On 14 Jun 1657 William Blackett 1st Baronet was born to William Blackett 1st Baronet (age 36) and Elizabeth Kirkley.

On 14 Jun 1672 Louis François Bourbon was born to Louis "Sun King" XIV King France (age 33) and Maria Theresa of Spain Queen Consort France (age 33). Coefficient of inbreeding 17.28%.

On 14 Jun 1726 Thomas Pennant was born.

On or before 14 Jun 1729 Bellingham Graham 5th Baronet was born to Reginald Graham 4th Baronet (age 25) and Jacoba Catherina Graham (age 22). He was baptised on 14 Jun 1729.

On 14 Jun 1729 George Colebrooke 2nd Baronet was born to James Colebrooke (age 49).

On 14 Jun 1753 Louis I Grand Duke of Hesse was born to Landgrave Louis IX of Hesse-Darmstadt (age 33) and Countess Palatine Caroline of Zweibrücken (age 32).

On 14 Jun 1783 Horatio Walpole 3rd Earl Orford was born to Horatio Walpole 2nd Earl Orford (age 30) and Sophia Churchill (age 27).

On 14 Jun 1790 Frederick Gough 4th Baron Calthorpe was born to Henry Gough-Calthorpe 1st Baron Calthorpe (age 41) and Frances Carpenter Baroness Calthorpe (age 29).

On 14 Jun 1792 Duke William of Nassau was born to Frederick William Nassau Weilburg (age 23). He a great x 2 grandson of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 14 Jun 1797 William Morris was born to Unamed Morris and Elizabeth Stanley.

On 14 Jun 1799 George Musgrave 10th Baronet was born to John Chardin Musgrave 7th Baronet (age 42).

On 14 Jun 1818 Massey Lopes 3rd Baronet was born to Ralph Franco aka Lopes 2nd Baronet (age 29).

On 14 Jun 1820 Sholto James Douglas was born to James Dawes Douglas (age 35) and Marianne Bullock.

On 14 Jun 1838 Walter Hore-Ruthven 9th Baron Ruthven was born.

On 14 Jun 1845 Kenneth Howard was born to Henry Howard 2nd Earl of Effingham (age 38) and Eliza Drummond Baroness Howard (age 34).

On 14 Jun 1850 Robert John Abercromby 7th Baronet was born.

On 14 Jun 1856 Granville Armyne Gordon was born to Charles Gordon 10th Marquess Huntly (age 64) and Maria Antoinetta Pegus Marchioness Huntly (age 35).

On 14 Jun 1861 Thomas Ulric Thynne was born to Henry Frederick Thynne (age 28).

On 14 Jun 1870 Sophia Hohenzollern Queen Consort Greece was born to Frederick III King Prussia (age 38) and Victoria Empress Germany Queen Consort Prussia (age 29). She a granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

On 14 Jun 1888 Hugh William Fortescue 5th Earl Fortescue was born to Hugh Fortescue 4th Earl Fortescue (age 34) and Emily Ormsby-Gore Countess Fortescue (age 28). Coefficient of inbreeding 1.58%.

On 14 Jun 1893 Edith Marguerite "Margot" Harrington was born to George Woods Harrington and Alice Edith Stillman (age 28).

Marriages on the 14th June

On 14 Jun 1237 Robert Capet Count of Artois (age 20) and Matilda Reginar Countess Saint Pol (age 13) were married. She the daughter of Henry Reginar II Duke Brabant (age 30) and Marie Swabia Duchess Brabant. He the son of Louis "Lion" VIII King France and Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France (age 49). They were third cousins. He a great grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King William "Conqueror" I of England.

On 14 Jun 1541 William La Marck Duke of Jülich Cleves Berg (age 24) and Maria Habsburg Spain Duchess Cleves (age 10) were married. She the daughter of Ferdinand I Holy Roman Emperor (age 38) and Anne Jagiellon Holy Roman Empress (age 37). He the son of John La Marck III Duke Cleves and Maria Jülich Berg Duchess Cleves. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

Before 14 Jun 1555 William Bellasis of Newburgh Priory in Yorkshire (age 31) and Margaret Fairfax (age 23) were married.

On 14 Jun 1557 Jean Bourbon Count Soissons and Enghien (age 28) and Marie Bourbon (age 18) were married. She the daughter of Francis Bourbon Duke Estouteville and Adrienne Estouteville Duchess Estouteville (age 44). He the son of Charles Bourbon Duke Vendôme and Françoise Valois Countess Vendôme. They were first cousins.

After 14 Jun 1595 William Bowes (age 44) and Isabel Wray Baroness Darcy were married.

Before 14 Jun 1643 Charles Longueville 12th Baron Grey of Ruthyn (age 31) and Frances Neville were married.

On 14 Jun 1677 Paul Whichcote 2nd Baronet (age 34) and Jane Gould Lady Whichcote (age 14) were married. She by marriage Lady Whichcote of the Inner Temple in the City of London. The difference in their ages was 20 years.

On or after 14 Jun 1732 , the date of their marriage license, John Guise 4th Baronet (age 31) and Jane Saunders Lady Guise were married. She by marriage Lady Guise of Elmore in Gloucestershire.

On 14 Jun 1740 George Grey (age 26) and Elizabeth Ogle (age 25) were married.

On 14 Jun 1762 Reverend John Gordon (age 36) and Ann Dighton (age 44) were married.

On 14 Jun 1767 John Damer (age 22) and Anne Seymour-Conway (age 18) were married. She the daughter of Field Marshal Henry Seymour-Conway (age 46) and Caroline Campbell Countess Elgin and Ailesbury (age 46). He the son of Joseph Damer 1st Earl Dorchester (age 49) and Caroline Sackville Lady Milton.

On 14 Jun 1790 Lieutenant-General William Stapleton (age 20) and Anna-Maria Keppel (age 30) were married. She the daughter of Bishop Frederick Keppel and Laura Walpole. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 14 Jun 1796 John Campbell 4th of Islay (age 26) and Charlotte Susan Maria Campbell (age 21) were married. She the daughter of John Campbell 5th Duke Argyll (age 73) and Elizabeth Gunning Duchess Hamilton and Argyll.

On 14 Jun 1804 John Byng 1st Earl Strafford (age 32) and Mary Stevens Mackenzie were married.

On 14 Jun 1864 John Brunner 1st Baronet (age 22) and Salome Davies were married.

On 14 Jun 1866 John Baptist Dormer 12th Baron Dormer (age 36) and Louisa Frances Mary King-Tenison were married.

On 14 Jun 1882 Cuthbert Ellison Edwardes (age 44) and Blanche Henrietta Maria Butler (age 28) were married. She the daughter of John Butler 2nd Marquess Ormonde and Frances Paget Marchioness Ormonde (age 65).

On 14 Jun 1890 Captain Walter Hill Chetwynd (age 34) and Edomé Eliza Theodosia Chetwynd were married.

On 14 Jun 1890 Henry Halliday Sparling (age 30) and Mary "May" Morris (age 28) were married. She the daughter of William Morris (age 56) and Jane Morris nee Burden (age 50).

Before 14 Jun 1893 George Woods Harrington and Alice Edith Stillman (age 28) were married.

On 14 Jun 1894 Henry St George Foley (age 28) and Mary Adelaide Agar (age 24) were married. She the daughter of James Charles Agar 3rd Earl Normanton (age 75) and Caroline Susan Augusta Barrington Countess Normanton (age 59). He a great x 5 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 14 Jun 1906 Edmund Waller 6th Baronet (age 34) and Muriel Grace Adderley Lady Waller (age 23) were married.

On 14 Jun 1923 Henry Hugh Arthur Fitzroy Somerset 10th Duke Beaufort (age 23) and Mary Cambridge Duchess Beaufort (age 26) were married. She by marriage Duchess Beaufort. She the daughter of Adolphus Cambridge Duke Teck (age 54) and Margaret Evelyn Grosvenor Duchess Teck (age 50). He the son of Henry Adelbert Wellington Fitzroy 9th Duke Beaufort (age 76) and Louise Emily Harford 9th Duchess Beaufort (age 58). They were half fourth cousins. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King George III of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 14 Jun 1945 William Waldorf Astor 3rd Viscount Astor (age 37) and Sarah Norton Viscountess Astor (age 25) were married. They had met one month before at a VE-Day cocktail party given by her aunt Katherine "Kitty" Kinloch Baroness Brownlow (age 39) having become engaged five days later.

On 14 Jun 1947 Hugh Cholmondeley 6th Marquess of Cholmondeley (age 28) and Lavinia Margaret Leslie Marchioness Cholmondeley (age 25) were married. He the son of George Cholmondeley 5th Marquess Cholmondeley (age 64) and Sybil Sassoon Marchioness Cholmondeley (age 53).

On 14 Jun 2013 Edward Beckett 5th Baron Grimthorpe (age 58) and Emma Villers Baroness Grimthorpe (age 49) were married. She by marriage Baroness Grimthorpe.

Deaths on the 14th June

On 14 Jun 1381 the mob gained access to the Tower of London [Map] capturing Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales (age 52), the future King Henry IV of England (age 14), Joan Holland Duchess York (age 1) and Archbishop Simon Sudbury (age 65).

Archbishop Simon Sudbury (age 65) was beheaded at Tower Hill [Map]. He was buried at Canterbury Cathedral [Map].

Lord Treasurer Robert Hales (age 56), who had only been appointed on the 1st February 1381, was beheaded at Tower Hill [Map].

On 14 Jun 1449 John Capell of Stoke-by-Nayland in Suffolk (age 51) died.

On 14 Jun 1464 Elizabeth Chidiock Baroness Cobham Sternborough (age 60) died. She was buried at Little Dunmow.

On 14 Jun 1516 Jean III King Navarre (age 47) died. His wife Catherine Grailly I Queen Navarre (age 48) continued to reign.

On 14 Jun 1518 Anne Stonor (age 34) died in Stonor, Oxfordshire.

On 14 Jun 1538 Christopher Conyers 2nd Baron Conyers (age 47) died. His son John Conyers 3rd Baron Conyers (age 14) succeeded 3rd Baron Conyers. Being underage he would have become the ward of someone? Possibly Henry Clifford 1st Earl of Cumberland (age 45) whose daughter Maud Clifford Baroness Conyers (age 15) he subsequently married the folowing year.

On 14 Jun 1544 Antoine Lorraine II Duke Lorraine (age 55) died. His son Francis Lorraine I Duke Lorraine (age 26) succeeded I Duke Lorraine. Christina Oldenburg Duchess Lorraine (age 22) by marriage Duchess Lorraine.

After 14 Jun 1564 Jane Radclyffe Baroness Ogle (age 42) died.

On 14 Jun 1571 Christopher Danby (age 68) died.

Around 14 Jun 1571 Elizabeth Neville (age 71) died.

On 14 Jun 1581 Francis Bowyer (age 56) died.

On 14 Jun 1594 Colin Cam Mackenzie 11th of Kintail died.

On 14 Jun 1595 Godfrey Foljambe (age 36) died at Bedale. On 12 Feb 1623 Isabel Wray Baroness Darcy died. Monument in St Mary and All Saints Church, Chesterfield [Map] to Godfrey Foljambe (age 36) and Isabel Wray Baroness Darcy.

Godfrey Foljambe: Godfrey Foljambe and Isabel Wray Baroness Darcy were married. On 21 Nov 1558 he was born to Godfrey Foljambe and Troth Tyrwhitt at Walton.

Isabel Wray Baroness Darcy: she was born to Christopher Wray and Anne Girlington. After 14 Jun 1595 William Bowes and she were married. On 07 May 1617 John Darcy 3rd Baron Darcy Aston and she were married. She by marriage Baroness Darcy of Aston.

On 14 Jun 1598 Henry Knyvet (age 58) died.

On 14 Jun 1602 Richard Cotton (age 56) died.

On 14 Jun 1604 Thomas Preston (age 49) died.

On 14 Jun 1631 Marmaduke Tyrwhitt (age 43) died.

On 14 Jun 1632 William Stonhouse 2nd Baronet (age 31) died. His brother George Stonhouse 1st and 3rd Baronet (age 28) succeeded 3rd Baronet Stonhouse of Radley.

On 14 Jun 1638 Anna Campbell Marchioness Huntly died.

On 14 Jun 1643 Charles Longueville 12th Baron Grey of Ruthyn (age 31) died. His daughter Susan Longueville 13th Baroness Grey of Ruthyn succeeded 13th Baroness Grey of Ruthyn.

On 14 Jun 1662 Henry Vane "The Younger" (age 49) was beheaded at Tower Hill [Map] for treason against King Charles II (age 32). He had been sentenced to be hanged, drawn and quartered, however, King Charles II (age 32) commuted the sentence to beheading.

On 14 Jun 1694 Deborah Knightley died.

On 14 Jun 1701 Bernard Granville (age 70) died.

On 14 Jun 1704 Dr Ralph Bathurst (age 84) died.

On 14 Jun 1725 Nicholas Barnewall 3rd Viscount Barnewall (age 57) died. His son Henry Barnewall 4th Viscount Barnewall (age 17) succeeded 4th Viscount Barnewall, 4th Baron Turvey.

On 14 Jun 1728 Esme Howard (age 83) died.

On 14 Jun 1730 Richard Sherard 2nd Baronet (age 64) died. His brother Brownlow Sherard 3rd Baronet (age 62) succeeded 3rd Baronet Sherard of Lobthorp in Lincolnshire.

On 14 Jun 1737 Catherine Seymour-Conway (age 29) died.

On 14 Jun 1741 Landgravine Caroline Hesse Rotenburg (age 26) died.

On 14 Jun 1765 Thomas Palmer 4th Baronet (age 63) died. His son John Palmer 5th Baronet (age 30) succeeded 5th Baronet Palmer of Carlton in Northampton.

On 14 Jun 1781 Charles Cope 2nd Baronet (age 38) died. His son Charles Cope 3rd Baronet (age 11) succeeded 3rd Baronet Cope of Bruern in Oxfordshire although he died on Christmas Day six months later aged eleven.

On 14 Jun 1782 Edward Ligonier 1st Earl Ligonier (age 42) died. Earl Ligonier extinct.

On 14 Jun 1789 Elizabeth Horton Baroness Carbery died.

On 14 Jun 1796 Admiral John Laforey 1st Baronet (age 67) died. His son Admiral Francis Laforey 2nd Baronet (age 28) succeeded 2nd Baronet Laforey of Whitby in Devon.

On 14 Jun 1820 Thomas Dundas 1st Baron Dundas (age 79) died. His son Lawrence Dundas 1st Earl Zetland (age 54) succeeded 2nd Baron Dundas, 3rd Baronet Dundas of Kerse. Harriet Hale Baroness Dundas (age 50) by marriage Baroness Dundas.

On 14 Jun 1841 Frederick Charles Emil Oldenburg (age 74) died.

On 14 Jun 1854 Reverend Augustus Fitzclarence (age 49) died.

On 14 Jun 1865 James Emilius William Evelyn Gascoyne-Cecil (age 43) died.

On 14 Jun 1880 Daniel Gurney (age 89) died.

On 14 Jun 1891 Mary Foulis (age 65) died.

On 14 Jun 1894 John Duke Coleridge 1st Baron Coleridge (age 73) died. His son Bernard Coleridge 2nd Baron Coleridge (age 42) succeeded 2nd Baron Coleridge of Ottery St Mary in Devon. Mary Alethea Mackarness Baroness Coleridge by marriage Baroness Coleridge of Ottery St Mary in Devon.

On 14 Jun 1895 Augusta Fane (age 63) died.

On 14 Jun 1907 Granville Armyne Gordon (age 51) died.

On 14 Jun 1920 Vesey Dawson 2nd Earl of Dartrey (age 78) died.

On 14 Jun 1924 George Eden (age 63) died.

On 14 Jun 1926 Windham Wyndham-Quin 4th Earl of Dunraven and Mount Earl (age 85) died. His first cousin Windham Wyndham-Quin 5th Earl of Dunraven and Mount Earl (age 69) succeeded 5th Earl Dunraven and Mount Earl, 5th Viscount Mount Earl, 5th Baron Adare.

On 14 Jun 1930 Colonel Stanier Waller (age 85) died.

On 14 Jun 1931 Algernon Lawley 5th Baron Wenlock (age 74) died. His brother Arthur Lawley 6th Baron Wenlock (age 70) succeeded 6th Baron Wenlock of Wenlock in Shropshire, 13th Baronet Lawley of Spoonhill in Shropshire which titles he enjoyed for a year dying a year later on the same day as his brother. Annie Allen Cunard Baroness Wenlock (age 68) by marriage Baroness Wenlock.

On 14 Jun 1939 Johanna Hesse Darmstadt (age 2) died of meningitis.

On 14 Jun 1941 Constance Augusta Conyngham (age 82) died.

On 14 Jun 1942 Robert Arthur Ward (age 71) died.

On 14 Jun 1958 (his seventieth birthday) Hugh William Fortescue 5th Earl Fortescue (age 70) died four days after the death of his wife. His only son had been killed at the Battle of El Alamein. His brother Denzil George Fortescue 6th Earl Fortescue (age 65) succeeded 6th Earl Fortescue, 6th Viscount Ebrington of Ebrington in Gloucestershire, 8th Baron Fortescue of Castle Hill. Marjorie Ellinor Trotter Countess Fortescue (age 64) by marriage Countess Fortescue.

On 14 Jun 1960 Emily Augusta Seymour (age 93) died.

On 14 Jun 1964 Richard Coke (age 87) died.

On 14 Jun 1982 Emily Mary Lowry-Corry (age 99) died.

On 14 Jun 1993 Michael Edward Joicey 4th Baron Joicey (age 68) died at Etal [Map].

On 14 Jun 2002 George William Coventry 11th Earl Coventry (age 68) died. His first cousin once removed Francis Henry Coventry 12th Earl Coventry (age 89) succeeded 12th Earl Coventry. He died less than two years later.

On 14 Jun 2015 Sarah Margaret Fitzalan (age 73) died.