On this Day in History ... 16th May

16 May is in May.

1414 Henry V awards his brothers Dukedoms

1568 Mary Queen of Scots escapes to England

1643 Battle of Stratton

1665 Sinking of The London

1685 Popish Plot

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 16th May

On 16 May 1414 King Henry V of England (age 27) created Dukedoms for his two brothers:

Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester (age 23) was created 1st Duke Gloucester, 1st Earl Pembroke.

John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford (age 24) was created 1st Duke Bedford, 1st Earl Kendal.

Chronicle of Gregory 1441. 16 May 1441. Ande the xvj day of May the Duke of Yorke (age 29), the Erle of Oxynforde (age 33), the Erle of Ewe (age 37), the Erle of Ormounde (age 47), and Syr Richard Woodevyle (age 56), whythe many othyr knyghtys and squyers, toke the way towarde Fraunce, and they schippyd at Portysmouthe [Map].

Calendars. 16 May 1483. King Richard III of England (age 30). Westminster Palace [Map]. Grant for life to the king's servant Henry Duke of Buckingham (age 28), of the offices of chief justice and chamberlain in South and North Wales, constable of the castles and counties of Kermerdyn and Cardigan, the castles of Abrustwith, co Cardigan, and Denevour in South Wales, the castle and town of Tonebigh, co. Pembroke, the castle and lordship of Kylgarvan in South Wales, the castle and town of Llan Stepham in South Wales, the lordship of Wallewynscastell in South Wales, the lordship of Westhaverford in South Wales, constable, steward, and receiver of the castle, lordshiop and manor of Uske, the castle and lordship of Carlion, the castle, lordship and manor of Dynas, the castle and a moiety of the lordship of Ewyas Lacy [Map], the castles, lordships and manors of Belth,Clifford, Radnore, Melenyth, Montgomery, Dynbigh, Elvell and Narberth, the castle, lordship and manors of Wygmore [Map] and Holt [Map] in the marches of Wales, and the lordship and manor of Bromfield [Map] in the same marches, steward and receiver of the lordships and manors of Norton, Knyghton, Raydor, Guerthrenyon, Comotoyder, Glasbury, Weryfreton, Cherbury, Terthic, Halcetur, Kadewyn, Newton, Kyry in the marches.

Excerpta Historica Page 260. 16 May 1536. Translation Of A Letter From A Portuguese Gentleman To A Friend In Lisbon, Describing The Execution Of Anne Boleyn (age 35), Lord Rochford (age 33), Brereton, Norris (age 54), Smeton (age 24), And Weston (age 25).

The following extremely interesting Letter, which has been translated and obligingly communicated by Viscount Strangford, from the original in the Cartorio of the Monastery of Alcobaja, in Portugal, conveys an account of the execution of Anne Boleyn and her presumed accomplices, by, probably, an eye-witness.

Several letters from Sir William Kingston (age 60), the Lieutenant of the Tower, to Secretary Cromwell (age 51), have been printed1, which afford minute information on the conduct of the unfortunate Queen, from the time of her committal to the Tower until the day before her execution, together with notices of Lord Rochford, whose request to receive the sacrament was thus alluded to:-

"I have told my Lord of Rochford," says Kingston, on the 16th of May, "that he be in readiness to-morrow to suffer execution, and so he accepts it very well, and will do his best to be ready, notwithstanding he would have received his rights [i.e. the sacrament] which hath not been used and in especial here."2

From the same letter it is manifest that the Queen still entertained hopes of mercy, as Sir William Kingston adds — "Yet this day at dinner the Queen said that she should go to Antwerp, and is in hope of life." Her desire to go to Antwerp may be ascribed to its being the residence of many persons of the reformed religion, to one of whom she had rendered some service.3

Note 1. Ellis's Original Letters, First Series, vol. ii. p. 52 — 64.

Note 2. Ibid. p. 63.

Note 3. Ibid. p. 46.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 16 May 1552. The xvj day of May the Kyngs (age 14) grace [rode into the said] parke [Map] for to se the goodly muster of ys [men] of armes, and every lord('s) men; severall [trumpets] bloghyng a-for ther men, and ther standards, and ther cottes in brodery of yche lords colers, and ther speyres coloryd lyke, and ther fott-men.

Archaeologia Volume 32 Section X. The Queen of Scots (age 25) landed on the shore of Cumberland on the 16th of May, 1568. On the next day she wrote from Workington to Queen Elizabeth (age 34), announcing her arrival. On the 18th she was conducted to Cockermouth, and the next day to Carlisle [Map]. There she remained till the 13th of July, when she was taken to Bolton [Map], castle of the Lord Scrope (age 34), in the North Riding. She was at Bolton for more than half a year. Her last letter written from that place is dated January 25, 1569, the day before she reluctantly set out on her journey southward.

On 16 May 1568 Mary Queen of Scots (age 25) escaped across the Solway Firth into England. The following day, 17 May 1568 she wrote to her cousin Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (age 34) from Workington Hall [Map]. The letter states ...

describes the treasonable actions of her enemies, who 'have robbed me of everything I had in the world' and expresses her confidence in Elizabeth 'not only for the safety of my life, but also to aid and assist me in my just quarrel'. Describing herself as Elizabeth's 'very faithful and affectionate good sister, cousin and escaped prisoner, Mary begs for an audience; 'I entreat you to send to fetch me as soon as you possibly can', for 'I am', she bemoans, 'in a pitiable condition, not only for a queen, but for a gentlewoman, for I have nothing in the world but what I had on my person when I made my escape, travelling sixty miles across the country the first day, and not having since ever ventured to proceed except by night, as I hope to declare before you if it pleases you to have pity, as I trust you will, upon my extreme misfortune.''

On 16 May 1643 Henry Grey 1st Earl Stamford (age 44) fought for the Parliamentary army at Stratton, Cornwall.

Evelyn's Diary. 04 May 1648. Came up the Essex petitioners for an agreement between his Majesty and the rebels. The 16th, the Surrey men addressed the Parliament for the same; of which some of them were slain and murdered by Oliver Cromwell's (age 49) guards, in the new palace yard [Map]. I now sold the impropriation of South Malling, near Lewes [Map], in Sussex, to Messrs. Kemp and Alcock, for £3,000.

Evelyn's Diary. 16 May 1665. To London, to consider of the poor orphans and widows made by this bloody beginning, and whose husbands and relations perished in London frigate, of which there were fifty widows, and forty-five of them with child. See Sinking of The London.

Pepy's Diary. 16 May 1666. Thence to Mr. Hales (age 66), and paid him for my picture, and Mr. Hill's (age 36), for the first £14 for the picture, and 25s. for the frame, and for the other £7 for the picture, it being a copy of his only, and 5s. for the frame; in all, £22 10s. I am very well satisfied in my pictures, and so took them in another coach home along with me, and there with great pleasure my wife and I hung them up, and, that being done, to dinner, where Mrs. Barbara Sheldon come to see us and dined with us, and we kept her all the day with us, I going down to Deptford, Kent [Map], and, Lord! to see with what itching desire I did endeavour to see Bagwell's wife, but failed, for which I am glad, only I observe the folly of my mind that cannot refrain from pleasure at a season above all others in my life requisite for me to shew my utmost care in. I walked both going and coming, spending my time reading of my Civill and Ecclesiastical Law book. Being returned home, I took my wife and Mrs. Barbary and Mercer out by coach and went our Grand Tour, and baited at Islington [Map], and so late home about 11 at night, and so with much pleasure to bed.

After 16 May 1671. Monument to the Reverend John Stanley.

Reverend John Stanley: On or before 06 Sep 1692, the day he was baptised, he was born to Thomas Horton Stanley 4th Baronet and Elizabeth Patten. On 23 May 1753 Reverend John Stanley and Sarah Earle were married. The difference in their ages was 25 years. On 16 May 1781 Reverend John Stanley died.

Evelyn's Diary. 14 May 1672. To Dover, Kent [Map]; but the fleet did not appear till the 16th, when the Duke of York (age 38) with his and the French squadron, in all 170 ships (of which above 100 were men-of-war), sailed by, after the Dutch, who were newly withdrawn. Such a gallant and formidable navy never, I think, spread sail upon the seas. It was a goodly yet terrible sight, to behold them as I did, passing eastward by the straits between Dover and Calais in a glorious day. The wind was yet so high, that I could not well go aboard, and they were soon got out of sight. The next day, having visited our prisoners and the Castle, and saluted the Governor, I took horse for Margate, Kent [Map]. Here, from the North Foreland Lighthouse top (which is a pharos, built of brick, and having on the top a cradle of iron, in which a man attends a great sea-coal fire all the year long, when the nights are dark, for the safeguard of sailors), we could see our fleet as they lay at anchor. The next morning, they weighed, and sailed out of sight to the N. E.

Evelyn's Diary. 16 May 1685. Oates (age 35) was sentenced to be whipped and pilloried with the utmost severity.Popish Plot.

On 16 May 1687 William Petty (age 63) died.

On 16 May 1696 Mariana of Austria Queen Consort Spain (age 61) died.

After 16 May 1758. Monument in the Church of St Mary, Southwick [Map] to George Lynn (deceased) commissioned by his widow Anne Bellamy attributed to Louis Francois Roubiliac (age 55). Grey and white marble with oval medallion of deceased suspended from broad flat obelisk; drapery below with figure of his wife seated female figure to right, leaning against Urn.

Anne Bellamy: In 1680 she was born to Edward Bellamy. In Aug 1734 George Lynn and she were married by which he came into possession of Frinton Manor. The difference in their ages was 27 years; she, unusually, being older than him. He the son of George Lynn and Elizabeth Bellamy. On 31 Aug 1741 she died.

On 16 May 1761 John Opie was born.

On 16 May 1770 Louis XVI King France (age 15) and Queen Marie Antoinette of France (age 14) were married. She the daughter of Francis I Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Theresa Habsburg Spain Holy Roman Empress (age 53). They were second cousin once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland.

On 16 May 1777 James Lonsdale was born in Lancaster, Lancashire [Map].

After 16 May 1790. St Andrew's Church, Wimpole [Map]. Monument to Philip Yorke 2nd Earl of Hardwicke (deceased). White marble stele carved in bold relief with a kneeling female mourner garlanding an urn; signed 'T. BANKS, R.A. SCULPT.' (age 54).

On 16 May 1829 Emma Matilda Hill was born to Thomas Hill in Gloucestershire.

On 16 May 1875 Constance Edwina "Shelagh" Cornwallis-West Duchess Westminster was born to William Cornwallis-West (age 40) and Mary "Patsy" Fitzpatrick (age 19).

On 16 May 1885 Grace Elvina Hinds Marchioness Curzon Kedleston was born to Joseph Monroe Hinds (age 43) in Decatur Alabama.

Births on the 16th May

Before 16 May 1380 John Parr was born to William Parr (age 28) and Elizabeth Ros (age 24).

Before 16 May 1562 Dorothy Bagot was born to Richard Bagot (age 32).

On 16 May 1609 Ferdinand Habsburg Spain was born to Philip III King Spain (age 31) and Margaret of Austria Queen Consort Spain (age 24). Coefficient of inbreeding 10.92%.

On 16 May 1616 Archibald Primrose was born.

Before 16 May 1622 Elizabeth Killigrew Viscountess Shannon was born to Robert Killigrew (age 42) and Mary Woodhouse.

On 16 May 1622 Henry Montagu was born to Sidney Montagu (age 41) and Paulina Pepys (age 40).

On 16 May 1641 Dudley North was born to Dudley North 4th Baron North (age 39) and Anne Montagu Baroness North (age 29).

On 16 May 1641 Johann Ernest Saxe Gotha was born to Ernest "The Pious" Saxe Gotha I Duke Saxe Gotha (age 39) and Elisabeth Sophie Saxe Altenburg Duchess Saxe Gotha (age 21) at Gotha. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.17%.

Before 16 May 1654 Giles Estcourt 2nd Baronet was born to Giles Estcourt 1st Baronet and Anne Mordaunt.

On 16 May 1654 William Estcourt 3rd Baronet was born to Giles Estcourt 1st Baronet and Anne Mordaunt.

On 16 May 1662 George Cooke 3rd Baronet was born to Henry Cooke 2nd Baronet (age 28).

On 16 May 1702 George Neville 14th and 12th Baron Bergavenny was born to George Neville 13th and 11th Baron Bergavenny (age 43) and Anne Walker Countess De La Warr.

On 16 May 1704 Reginald Graham 4th Baronet was born to Reginald Graham 2nd Baronet (age 33) and Hester Bellingham Lady Graham (age 31). He was baptised on 18 May 1704.

On 16 May 1710 William Talbot 1st Earl Talbot was born to Charles Talbot 1st Baron Talbot (age 25) and Cecil Mathew Baroness Talbot at Worcester, Worcestershire [Map].

On 16 May 1723 Paul Methuen was born to Thomas Methuen of Bradford on Avon.

On 16 May 1746 Bacon Bedingfield was born to Philip Bedingfield (age 29).

On 16 May 1761 John Opie was born.

On 16 May 1762 Robert Vyner was born to Robert Vyner (age 44).

On 16 May 1764 William Morton Pitt was born to John Pitt (age 58).

On 16 May 1777 James Lonsdale was born in Lancaster, Lancashire [Map].

On 19 Oct 1796 Thomas Moreton FitzHardinge Berkeley 6th Earl of Berkeley was born to Frederick Augustus Berkeley 5th Earl Berkeley (age 51) and Mary Cole. He was the first of their children to be born after their recognised legal marriage on 16 May 1796. He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 16 May 1804 Richard Corbet was born to Andrew Corbet 1st Baronet (age 38).

On 16 May 1806 Mary Anne Musters was born to John Musters of Colwick (age 29) and Mary Ann Chaworth (age 20).

On 16 May 1807 John Duncombe Shafto was born to Robert Eden Duncombe Shafto (age 30) and Catherine Eden (age 37).

On 16 May 1809 Admiral George Grey was born to Charles Grey 2nd Earl Grey (age 45) and Mary Elizabeth Ponsonby Countess Grey (age 33).

On 16 May 1819 Emily Jane de Flahaut Marchioness Lansdowne was born to Charles Joseph Comte de Flahaut (age 34) and Margaret Mercer Elphinstone Countess Flahaut and 2nd Baroness Keith (age 30).

On 16 May 1829 Emma Matilda Hill was born to Thomas Hill in Gloucestershire.

On 16 May 1830 Reverend John Frederick Halford 4th Baronet was born to Henry Halford 2nd Baronet (age 33) and Barbara Vaughan. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.12%.

On 16 May 1838 Reinfric Thomas Arundell was born to Henry Raymond Arundell (age 38).

On 16 May 1852 Reynold Henry Newton Alleyne was born to John Gay Newton Alleyne 3rd Baronet (age 31) and Augusta Isabella Fitzherbert Lady Alleyne (age 23) at St Lucy, Barbados.

On 16 May 1859 Augusta Mary Coates was born at Bath, Somerset [Map].

On 16 May 1875 Constance Edwina "Shelagh" Cornwallis-West Duchess Westminster was born to William Cornwallis-West (age 40) and Mary "Patsy" Fitzpatrick (age 19).

On 16 May 1885 Grace Elvina Hinds Marchioness Curzon Kedleston was born to Joseph Monroe Hinds (age 43) in Decatur Alabama.

On 16 May 1890 Captain Edward James Kay-Shuttleworth was born.

On 16 May 1904 Aileen Sibell Mary Guinness was born to Arthur Ernest Guinness (age 27) and Marie Clothilde Russell.

Marriages on the 16th May

After 16 May 1532 Thomas Poynings 1st Baron Poynings (age 20) and Katherine Marney were married.

On 16 May 1613 Nathaniel Barnardiston (age 25) and Jane Soame were married at St Pancras Church, Soper Lane.

Before 16 May 1654 Giles Estcourt 1st Baronet and Anne Mordaunt were married.

On 16 May 1654 Henry Bromley (age 22) and Mercy Pytts were married.

On 16 May 1675 Sidney Godolphin 1st Earl Godolphin (age 29) and Margaret Blagge (age 22) were married.

On 16 May 1678 Heneage Finch 1st Earl Aylesford (age 29) and Elizabeth Banks Countess Aylesford were married. He the son of Heneage Finch 1st Earl Nottingham (age 56) and Elizabeth Harvey Baroness Finch.

On 16 May 1689 Charles Knollys 4th Earl Banbury (age 26) and Elizabeth Lister Countess of Banbury (age 25) were married. She by marriage Countess Banbury. Said to be at the Nag's Head Coffee-House James Street although this may have been the location of the reception. He the son of Nicholas Knollys 3rd Earl Banbury and Anne or Abigail Sherard.

On 16 May 1717 Henry Clinton 7th Earl Lincoln (age 33) and Lucy Pelham Countess Lincoln were married. She by marriage Countess Lincoln. He the son of Francis Clinton 6th Earl Lincoln and Susan Penniston Countess Lincoln.

On 16 May 1719 Philip Yorke 1st Earl of Hardwicke (age 28) and Margaret Cocks Countess Hardwicke were married.

On 16 May 1741 Richard Onslow 3rd Baron Onslow (age 28) and Mary Elwill were married at Clifford Street.

On 16 May 1749 George Granville (age 36) and Elizabeth Wyndham (age 30) were married. He the son of Richard Granville.

On 16 May 1757 George Hobart 3rd Earl Buckinghamshire (age 25) and Albinia Bertie Countess Buckinghamshire (age 19) were married. He the son of John Hobart 1st Earl Buckinghamshire and Elizabeth Bristow Countess Buckinghamshire.

On 16 May 1770 Louis XVI King France (age 15) and Queen Marie Antoinette of France (age 14) were married. She the daughter of Francis I Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Theresa Habsburg Spain Holy Roman Empress (age 53). They were second cousin once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland.

On 16 May 1780 Robert Salusbury 1st Baronet (age 23) and Catherine Van were married. They had three sons and two daughters.

On 16 May 1822 Richard King 2nd Baronet (age 47) and Maria Susanna Cotton Lady King were married. She by marriage Lady Queen of Bellevue in Kent. They had four sons and three daughters.

On 16 May 1840 Alexander Cornewall Duff-Gordon 3rd Baronet (age 29) and Lucie Austin (age 18) were married. The couple lived at 8 Queen Square, Bloomsbury.

On 16 May 1843 Hugh Williams 3rd Baronet (age 41) and Henrietta Charlotte Williams-Wynn (age 24) were married. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 16 May 1863 Leopold Cust 2nd Baronet (age 32) and Charlotte Sobieski Isabel Bridgeman were married.

On 16 May 1867 Christopher Furness 1st Baron Furness (age 15) and Jane Annette Suggitt Baroness Furness were married.

On 16 May 1895 William Vere Reeve Fane aka King-Fane (age 26) and Helen Beatrice Newman were married.

Before 16 May 1928 George Gibbs 1st Baron Wraxall (age 54) and Ursula Mary Lawley were married.

Deaths on the 16th May

On 16 May 1282 Thomas Savoy III Count Flanders (age 36) was killed.

On 16 May 1363 John Carew (age 50) died.

On 16 May 1373 John I Count Armagnac (age 62) died. His son John II Count Armagnac (age 40) succeeded II Count Armagnac. Jeanne Countess Armagnac by marriage Countess Armagnac.

Around 16 May 1380 Elizabeth Ros (age 24) died.

After 16 May 1380 Elizabeth Zouche (age 43) died.

On 16 May 1450 David Home (age 43) died.

On 16 May 1461 Alexander Hody died.

On 16 May 1474 John Bourchier 1st Baron Berners (age 58) died. His grandson John Bourchier 2nd Baron Berners (age 7) succeeded 2nd Baron Berners.

On 16 May 1506 Henry Sothill (age 36) died.

On 16 May 1515 Margaret Jenney Baroness Willoughby Eresby (age 55) died.

Around 16 May 1532 George Radclyffe died.

Between 27 Feb 1537 and 16 May 1557 Alexander Graham 2nd Earl Menteith (age 85) died. His son William Graham 3rd Earl Menteith (age 37) succeeded 3rd Earl Menteith.

On 16 May 1562 Anne Broughton died.

On 16 May 1571 George Tyrrell of Thornton in Buckinghamshire (age 41) died at Bruyn.

On 16 May 1571 Elizabeth Montagu (age 49) died.

Before 16 May 1573 Nicholas Grafton of Shrewsbury (age 66) died.

On 16 May 1598 Margaret Coningsby (age 75) died at

On 16 May 1645 Mary Curzon Countess Dorset (age 55) died.

On 16 May 1662 Thomas Cotton 2nd Baronet (age 68) died. His son John Cotton 3rd Baronet (age 41) succeeded 3rd Baronet Cotton of Conington in Huntingdonshire.

On 16 May 1675 Thomas Hungerford (age 73) died at Blackland, Wiltshire.

On 16 May 1680 William Blackett 1st Baronet (age 59) died. His son Edward Blackett 2nd Baronet (age 30) succeeded 2nd Baronet Blackett of Newcastle in Northumberland. Mary Yorke Lady Blackett (age 23) by marriage Lady Blackett of Newcastle in Northumberland.

On 16 May 1687 William Petty (age 63) died.

On 16 May 1696 Mariana of Austria Queen Consort Spain (age 61) died.

On 16 May 1711 Cecil Booth died.

On 16 May 1714 Roger Eliot (age 49) died.

On 16 May 1717 John Hoskins of Oxted (age 77) died in Oxted, Surrey [Map].

On 16 May 1722 Anne Fitzroy Countess Sussex (age 61) died.

On 16 May 1746 Johann Adolph Wettin Duke Saxe Weissenfels (age 60) died at Leipzig.

On 16 May 1747 Charles Fleming 7th Earl Wigtown (age 72) died. Earl Wigtown extinct.

On 16 May 1758 George Lynn (age 51) died.

On 16 May 1760 Richard Mill 5th Baronet (age 70) died. His son Richard Mill 6th Baronet (age 43) succeeded 6th Baronet Mill of Camois Court in Sussex, the first of four sons to do so.

On 16 May 1762 William Courtenay 7th Earl Devon (age 53) died. His son William Courtenay 8th Earl Devon (age 19) succeeded 8th Earl Devon, 2nd Viscount Courtenay. Frances Clack Countess Devon by marriage Countess Devon.

On 16 May 1765 Albemarle Bertie died.

On 16 May 1769 Mary Stafford Howard (age 48) died.

On 16 May 1771 Edward Finch-Hatton (age 74) died.

On 16 May 1781 Reverend John Stanley (age 88) died.

On 16 May 1783 William Douglas 4th Baronet (age 53) died. His son Charles Douglas 6th Marquess Queensberry (age 6) succeeded 5th Baronet Kelhead.

On 16 May 1788 Rachel Dashwood (age 82) died.

On 16 May 1807 Catherine Brydges (age 81) died.

On 16 May 1808 Catherine Clarke died.

On 14 Feb 1830 Mary Ann Atkinson died at sea on their passage homewards from India. She was buried in the vault at St Andrew's Church Hartburn [Map] on 16 May 1830.

On 16 May 1832 Casimir Pierre Périer (age 54) died of cholera.

On 16 May 1839 Edward Clive 1st Earl Powis (age 85) died at 45 Berkeley Square, Mayfair. He was buried at St Mary the Virgin Church, Bromfield. His son Edward Herbert 2nd Earl Powis (age 54) succeeded 2nd Earl Powis. Lucy Graham Countess Powis (age 45) by marriage Countess Powis.

On 16 May 1842 Matthew Robinson Boulton (age 71) died.

On 16 May 1847 John Ponsonby 4th Earl Bessborough (age 65) died. His son John George Brabazon Ponsonby 5th Earl Bessborough (age 37) succeeded 5th Earl Bessborough.

On 16 May 1858 Emily Frances Kingscote Lady Kennaway (age 52) died.

On 16 May 1860 Lawrence Palk 3rd Baronet (age 67) died. His son Lawrence Palk 1st Baron Haldon (age 42) succeeded 4th Baronet Palk of Haldon House in Devon.

On 16 May 1861 Reverend John Stevens Henslow (age 65) died.

On 16 May 1863 Louisa Maria Tollemache (age 30) died unmarried.

On 16 May 1868 Captain Edward St John-Mildmay (age 70) died.

On 16 May 1870 Ramon Peres y Abril died.

On 16 May 1871 Arabella Anderson Pelham died.

On 16 May 1872 Blanche Mary Harriet Gascoyne-Cecil (age 47) died.

On 16 May 1877 Thomas Fitzmaurice 5th Earl Orkney (age 73) died.

On 16 May 1888 Andalusia Carstairs Lady Molesworth (age 78) died. She left the the bulk of her personal estate £26,140 13s & 7d to her friends Lord Torrington’s nephew George Stanley Byng 8th Viscount Torrington (age 47) who she had never met.

On 16 May 1888 Mary Elizabeth Douglas (age 80) died.

On 16 May 1898 Mark William James (age 52) died.

On 16 May 1899 Henry Byng 4th Earl Strafford (age 67) died in a railway accident. He was hit by an express train; (possible suicide but the coroner returned misadventure) at the Railway Station in Potter's Bar. He was buried at Byng Family Vault St John's Church, Potter's Bar. On 16 May 1899 His brother Francis Edmund Cecil Byng 5th Earl Strafford (age 64) succeeded 5th Earl Strafford, 5th Viscount Enfield of Enfield in Middlesex, 5th Baron Strafford of Harmondsworth in Middlesex. Emily Georgina Kerr Countess Strafford (age 52) by marriage Countess Strafford.

On 16 May 1911 Henry Home-Drummond-Moray (age 64) died.

On 16 May 1912 Lavinia Fitzroy (age 74) died.

On 16 May 1918 Jane Agnes Duff (age 83) died.

On 16 May 1923 George Jay Gould I (age 59) died.

On 16 May 1930 Florence Eveleen Eleanore Olliffe Lady Bell (age 79) died.

On 16 May 1933 Cynthia Blanche Curzon Lady Ancoats (age 34) died.

On 16 May 1944 Mary Frances Beresford-Hope died.

On 16 May 1954 Helen Venetia Duncombe Viscountess D'Abernon (age 88) died.

On 16 May 1971 Captain Michael Frederick Laud Robinson (age 57) died.

On 16 May 1978 Diana Hay 23rd Countess of Erroll (age 52) died.

On 16 May 2013 Fiona Colquhoun Countess of Arran (age 94) died.