On this Day in History ... 18th November

18 Nov is in November.

1441 Trial and Punishment of Eleanor Cobham

1557 Battle of St Quentin

1615 Thomas Overbury Murder and Trial of his Murderers

1688 Glorious Revolution

1936 Spanish Civil War

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 18th November

On 18 Nov 1416 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter (age 39) was created 1st Duke Exeter by King Henry V of England (age 30) for the remainder of his natural life for 'his service to the king and the realm on both sides of the seas'. At the time the only other dukes were the King's brothers.

After 18 Nov 1434. St Mary's Church, Ewelme [Map]. Monument to Thomas Chaucer (deceased) and Maud Burghesh (age 55).

The Arms in two rows left to right ...

Top Row:

1 Beaufort Arms

2 York Arms. Possibly Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York (age 19) impaled Neville Arms

3 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377 1426 Arms

4 Thomas of Brotherton 1st Earl Norfolk 1300 1338 Arms impaled Neville Arms

5 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377 1426 Arms (again?)

6 Stafford Arms impaled Neville Arms

7 Montacute and Monthermer Arms impaled Chaucer Modern Arms.

Bottom Row:

1 Beauchamp Arms quartered with Beaumont Arms; Earl Warwick reflecting the Beauchamp family having inherited the Earldom of Warwick through marriage to Isabel Maudit who was the sister of William Maudit 8th Earl Warwick who died without issue. Isabel Maudit and William Maudit 8th Earl Warwick were the children of William Maudit and Alice Beaumont. Alice Beaumont inherited the Earldom of Warwick when her half-niece Margaret Beaumont 7th Countess Warwick died.

2 Courtenay Arms impaled Beaufort Arms

3 Montacute and Monthermer Arms impaled Mohun Arms

4 Montacute and Monthermer Arms quartered Neville Arms

5 De La Pole Arms quartered Chaucer Modern Arms

6 Despencer Arms impaled Chaucer Modern Arms

7 Mohun Arms impaled Chaucer Modern Arms. John Mohun 2nd Baron Mohun of Dunster and Joan Burghesh Baroness Dunster.

Chronicle of Gregory 1441. 18 Nov 1441. And on the Satyrday next folowyng was Roger Bulbroke hanggyde, and drawe, and quarteryde at Tyburne.

On 18 Nov 1441, Saturday, Roger Bolingbroke was hanged, drawn and quartered at Tyburn [Map].

On 18 Nov 1522 Lamoral Count of Egmont and Prince of Gaverre was born.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 18 Nov 1557. [The xviij day of November died the lord Bray, within the Black-friars, near Ludgate]; the wyche he gatt ys deth [at St. Quintin's.]

On 18 Nov 1584 Gaspar de Crayer was born.

On 18 Nov 1615 Gervase Helwys (age 54), the gaoler Richard Weston, widow of a London doctor Mrs Anne Turner, and an apothecary James Franklin were found guilty as "accessories before the fact done" and sentenced to death.

On 18 Nov 1616 or 19 Nov 1616 Thomas Chicheley of Wimpole (age 38) died. He was buried in St Andrew's Church, Wimpole [Map]. Jacobean Period. Two-stage altar tomb in alabaster and black marble with miniature effigies in the lower stage, inscription panels and shield of Chicheley Arms impaled, supporting a recumbent effigy in armour. Tassets.

Thomas Chicheley of Wimpole: On 28 Mar 1578 he was born to Thomas Chicheley of Wimpole and Anne Bourne. He was baptised 15 Apr 1578. On 29 Apr 1607 Thomas Chicheley of Wimpole was knighted. On 18 Jun 1607 he and Dorothy Kempe were married.

On 18 Nov 1637 Ferdinand King Bohemia III Holy Roman Emperor (age 29) succeeded III Holy Roman Emperor. Maria Anna of Spain Holy Roman Empress (age 31) by marriage Holy Roman Empress.

Pepy's Diary. 18 Nov 1663. At my office till late, and then came Mr. Hollyard (age 54) so full of discourse and Latin that I think he hath got a cupp, but I do not know; but full of talke he is in defence of Calvin and Luther. He begun this night the fomentation to my wife, and I hope it will do well with her.

Pepy's Diary. 18 Nov 1665. About nine of the clock, I went on shore, there (calling by the way only to look upon my Lord Bruncker (age 45)) to give Mrs. Williams (age 4) an account of her matters, and so hired an ill-favoured horse, and away to Greenwich, Kent [Map] to my lodgings, where I hear how rude the souldiers have been in my absence, swearing what they would do with me, which troubled me, but, however, after eating a bit I to the office and there very late writing letters, and so home and to bed.

Evelyn's Diary. 18 Nov 1688. It was now a very hard frost. The King (age 55) goes to Salisbury to rendezvous the army, and return to London. Lord Delamere (age 36) appears for the Prince (age 38) in Cheshire. The nobility meet in Yorkshire. The Archbishop of Canterbury (age 71) and some Bishops, and such Peers as were in London, address his Majesty (age 55) to call a Parliament. The King (age 55) invites all foreign nations to come over. The French take all the Palatinate, and alarm the Germans more than ever.

After 18 Nov 1834. St Andrew's Church, Wimpole [Map]. Monument to Philip Yorke 3rd Earl of Hardwicke (deceased).

Altar tomb with shaped ends and recumbent effigy in Garter robes with Leg Garter, all in white marble; the ends of the tomb chest are carved with arms and heraldic emblems; signed 'R. WESTMACOTT, JUNR, A.R.A. (age 35) 1844'.

On 18 Nov 1851 Ernest Augustus King Hanover (age 80) died. His son George V King Hanover (age 32) succeeded V King Hanover, 2nd Duke Cumberland and Teviotdale. Marie Saxe Altenburg Queen Consort Hanover by marriage Queen Consort Hanover.

On 18 Nov 1873 John Yonge Akerman (age 67) died.

On 18 Nov 1936 Alonso María Orléans Galliera (age 24) died.

Births on the 18th November

After 18 Nov 1356 Piers Mauley was born to Piers Mauley 4th Baron de Mauley (age 25) and Elizabeth Meinhill Baroness Darcy Knayth and Haversham (age 25) at Mulgrave Castle.

On 18 Nov 1475 Anne Boleyn was born to William Boleyn (age 24) and Margaret Butler (age 21) at Blickling, Norfolk.

On 18 Nov 1522 Lamoral Count of Egmont and Prince of Gaverre was born.

On or before 18 Nov 1554 Samuel Backhouse was born. He was baptised 18 Nov 1554.

On 18 Nov 1584 Gaspar de Crayer was born.

Around 18 Nov 1591 Elizabeth Capell was born to Arthur Capell (age 34) and Margaret Grey (age 32).

On 18 Nov 1650 Colonel Robert Walpole was born to Edward Walpole of Houghton (age 26) and Susan Crane (age 20).

On 18 Nov 1662 Anne Élisabeth Bourbon was born to Louis "Sun King" XIV King France (age 24) and Maria Theresa of Spain Queen Consort France (age 24). Coefficient of inbreeding 17.28%.

On or before 18 Nov 1680 Edmund Bacon 6th Baronet was born to Robert Bacon 5th Baronet (age 28). He was baptised on 18 Nov 1680 at Little Walsingham, Norfolk.

Around 18 Nov 1685 Edmund Prideaux 5th Baronet was born to Edmund Prideaux 4th Baronet (age 16).

On 18 Nov 1693 Unknown name Bourbon Condé Conti was born to François Louis "Le Grand Conti" Bourbon Condé Conti Prince Conti (age 29) and Marie Thérèse Bourbon Condé (age 27). He a great x 3 grandson of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.14%.

Before 18 Nov 1707 George Trevelyan 3rd Baronet was born to John Trevelyan 2nd Baronet (age 37) and Susanna Warren Lady Trevelyan (age 32).

On or before 18 Nov 1744 William Robert Kemp 9th Baronet was born to William Kemp 8th Baronet (age 26). He was baptised on 18 Nov 1744.

On 18 Nov 1745 William Davenport was born to William Davenport (age 47) and Achsah Storrs.

On 18 Nov 1757 Thomas Taylour 1st Marquess of Headfort was born.

On 18 Nov 1760 George Nugent 7th Earl of Westmeath was born.

On 18 Nov 1761 Frances Whichcote was born to Christopher Whichcote 4th Baronet (age 23).

On 18 Nov 1769 Bishop William Carey was born.

On 18 Nov 1820 Luise Glücksburg was born to Friedrich Wilhelm Glücksburg Duke Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Glücksburg (age 35) and Louise Caroline Hesse-Kassel Duchess Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Glücksburg (age 31). She a great x 2 granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 18 Nov 1835 Emma Harriet Wilson 12th Baroness Berners was born to Reverend Robert Wilson (age 34) and Harriet Crump. Coefficient of inbreeding 6.25%.

On 18 Nov 1836 George Hugh Wyndham was born to Charles Wyndham (age 40).

On 18 Nov 1846 Henry Northcote 1st Baron Northcote was born to Stafford Henry Northcote 1st Earl Iddesleigh (age 28) and Cecilia Frances Farrer Countess Iddesleigh.

On 18 Nov 1859 Flora Gubbay aka Sassoon was born to Ezekiel Abraham Gubbay (age 35) and Aziza Abraham Sassoon (age 19).

On 18 Nov 1868 Benjamin Seymour Guinness was born to Richard Seymour Guinness (age 42).

On 18 Nov 1880 Walter Marlborough Pryor was born to Marlborough Robert Pryor (age 32).

On 18 Nov 1881 Lois Marjorie Legge was born to Edward Henry Legge (age 47) and Cordelia Twysden Molesworth.

On 18 Nov 1894 Major Kenneth McCorquodale was born to Harold Mccorquodale (age 29).

On 18 Nov 1932 Pamela Therese Louise de Riquet Comtesse de Caraman-Chimay was born to Prince Alphonse de Chimay.

On 18 Nov 1954 Guy David Innes-Kerr 10th Duke Roxburghe was born to George Victor Robert John Innes-Kerr 9th Duke Roxburghe (age 41) and Margaret Elizabeth Mcconnel Duchess Roxburghe (age 35).

On 18 Nov 1955 William Henry Smith 5th Viscount Hambleden was born to William Smith 4th Viscount Hambleden (age 25).

On 18 Nov 1964 Nicholas Timothy Knatchbull was born to John Knatchbull 7th Baron Brabourne (age 40) and Patricia Mountbatten 2nd Countess Mountbatten of Burma (age 40). He a great x 3 grandson of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

Marriages on the 18th November

On 18 Nov 1356 Piers Mauley 4th Baron de Mauley (age 25) and Elizabeth Meinhill Baroness Darcy Knayth and Haversham (age 25) were married. She by marriage Baroness Haversham. They were second cousin once removed. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

Before 18 Nov 1406 William Fitzhugh 4th Baron Fitzhugh (age 7) and Margery Willoughby Baroness Fitzhugh (age 9) were married. He the son of Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh (age 48) and Elizabeth Grey Baroness Fitzhugh (age 42).

On 18 Nov 1561 Thomas Wharton 1st Baron Wharton (age 66) and Anne Talbot Baroness Braye and Wharton (age 37) were married. She by marriage Baroness Wharton. The difference in their ages was 29 years. She the daughter of Francis Talbot 5th Earl of Shrewsbury and Mary Dacre. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

Before 18 Nov 1650 Edward Walpole of Houghton (age 26) and Susan Crane (age 20) were married.

On 18 Nov 1657 Thomas Belasyse 1st Earl Fauconberg (age 30) and Mary Cromwell Countess Fauconberg (age 20) were married. She by marriage Viscountess Faunconberg. She the daughter of Oliver Cromwell (age 58) and Elizabeth Bourchier (age 59).

Before 18 Nov 1662 James Langham 2nd Baronet (age 42) and Mary Alston were married.

Around 18 Nov 1662 James Langham 2nd Baronet (age 42) and Elizabeth Hastings were married. She the daughter of Ferdinando Hastings 6th Earl Huntingdon and Lucy Davies Countess Huntingdon (age 49). She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

Before 18 Nov 1706 William Thomas 1st Baronet (age 65) and Barbara Springet were married.

On 18 Nov 1742 Matthew Ridley (age 31) and Elizabeth White (age 21) were married.

On 18 Nov 1781 Heneage Finch 4th Earl Aylesford (age 30) and Louisa Thynne Countess Aylesford (age 21) were married. She by marriage Countess Aylesford. She the daughter of Thomas Thynne 1st Marquess of Bath (age 47) and Elizabeth Bentinck Marchioness Bath (age 46). He the son of Heneage Finch 3rd Earl Aylesford and Charlotte Seymour Countess Aylesford (age 51).

On 18 Nov 1784 Reginald Pole aka Pole-Carew (age 31) and Jemima Yorke (age 21) were married.

On 18 Nov 1794 Charles Grey 2nd Earl Grey (age 30) and Mary Elizabeth Ponsonby Countess Grey (age 18) were married. She the daughter of William Ponsonby 1st Baron Ponsonby of Imokilly in County Cork (age 50) and Louisa Molesworth Countess Fitzwilliam (age 45). He the son of Charles Grey 1st Earl Grey (age 65) and Elizabeth Grey Countess Grey (age 50).

On 18 Nov 1798 Nathaniel Curzon 2nd Baron Scarsdale (age 46) and Félicité Anne Josephe de Wattines Lady Scarsdale (age 33) were married.

On 18 Nov 1809 Henry Vane 2nd Duke Cleveland (age 21) and Sophia Paulett Duchess of Cleveland (age 24) were married at St George's Church, Hanover Square. She the daughter of John Paulett 4th Earl Paulett (age 53) and Sophia Pocock Countess Paulett. He the son of William Henry Vane 1st Duke Cleveland (age 43) and Catharine Margaret Powlett Countess Darlington. He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 18 Nov 1826 Francis Dugdale Astley 2nd Baronet (age 21) and Emma Dorothea Lethbridge Lady Astley were married.

Before 18 Nov 1828 James Drummond Fullerton Elphinstone (age 40) and Anna Maria Buller were married.

On 18 Nov 1834 Arthur Lascelles (age 27) and Caroline Frances Brooke were married. He the son of Henry Lascelles 2nd Earl Harewood (age 66) and Henrietta Sebright Countess Harewood.

On 18 Nov 1835 Colonel John Sydney North (age 31) and Susan North 10th Baroness North (age 38) were married. She the daughter of George Augustus North 3rd Earl Guildford and Susan Coutts Countess Guilford.

On 18 Nov 1841 Francis Wheler 10th Baronet (age 40) and Elizabeth Bishop Lady Wheler were married at Lucknow.

On 18 Nov 1848 Francis Richard Brooke of Summerton in Dublin (age 34) and Henrietta Monck were married.

On 18 Nov 1862 Lieutenant-General Edward Thomas Gage (age 36) and Ella Henrietta Maxse were married. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 18 Nov 1867 Charles Mervyn Doyne (age 28) and Frances Mary Fitzwilliam (age 25) were married. She the daughter of William Thomas Wentworth-Fitzwilliam 6th and 4th Earl Fitzwilliam (age 52) and Frances Harriet Douglas Countess Fitzwilliam.

On 18 Nov 1880 Roland Napoléon Bonaparte 6th Prince of Canino and Musignano (age 22) and Princess Marie-Félix Blanc (age 20) were married.

On 18 Nov 1911 Alan Ian Percy 8th Duke Northumberland (age 31) and Helen Gordon-Lennox Duchess Northumberland (age 24) were married. She the daughter of Charles Gordon-Lennox 7th Duke Richmond (age 65) and Isabel Sophie Craven Duchess Richmond. He the son of Henry George Percy 7th Duke Northumberland (age 65) and Edith Campbell Duchess Northumberland (age 62).

On 18 Nov 1938 Frederic Raymond Clegg-Hill (age 29) and Alice Dorothy Chapman were married. They were second cousins.

Deaths on the 18th November

On 18 Nov 953 Liutgarde Saxon Ottonian (age 22) died.

On 18 Nov 1100 Archbishop Thomas of Bayeux died.

On 18 Nov 1212 Azzo Este VI Marquis of Este (age 42) died.

On 18 Nov 1305 John Capet II Duke Brittany (age 66) died. His son Arthur Capet Duke Brittany (age 44) succeeded 3rd Duke Brittany 1221 Dreux.

On 18 Nov 1307 Thomas Audley (age 19) died at Heighley Castle, Staffordshire [Map].

On 18 Nov 1382 John Argentine (age 64) died.

Before 18 Nov 1401 William Ughtred died.

On 18 Nov 1401 Thomas Ughtred 2nd Baron Ughtred (age 76) died. His grandson Thomas Ughtred 3rd Baron Ughtred (age 17) succeeded 3rd Baron Ughtred.

On 18 Nov 1434 Thomas Chaucer (age 67) died. He was buried at St Mary's Church, Ewelme [Map].

On 18 Nov 1441, Saturday, Roger Bolingbroke was hanged, drawn and quartered at Tyburn [Map].

On 18 Nov 1559 Bishop Cuthbert Tunstall (age 85) died in Lambeth Palace [Map].

On 18 Nov 1559 Bishop Ralph Baines (age 55) died.

On 18 Nov 1565 Dorothy Forster (age 41) died.

On 18 Nov 1578 John Wrottesley (age 76) died.

On 18 Nov 1589 William Cockayne (age 66) died.

Before 18 Nov 1590 Francis Talbot (age 39) died.

On 18 Nov 1591 Elizabeth Stewart 2nd Countess Moray (age 26) died.

On 18 Nov 1598 Edward Knightley (age 36) died.

On 18 Nov 1601 Agnes Howard Marchioness Winchester (age 66) died.

On 18 Nov 1616 or 19 Nov 1616 Thomas Chicheley of Wimpole (age 38) died. He was buried in St Andrew's Church, Wimpole [Map]. Jacobean Period. Two-stage altar tomb in alabaster and black marble with miniature effigies in the lower stage, inscription panels and shield of Chicheley Arms impaled, supporting a recumbent effigy in armour. Tassets.

Thomas Chicheley of Wimpole: On 28 Mar 1578 he was born to Thomas Chicheley of Wimpole and Anne Bourne. He was baptised 15 Apr 1578. On 29 Apr 1607 Thomas Chicheley of Wimpole was knighted. On 18 Jun 1607 he and Dorothy Kempe were married.

On 18 Nov 1627 Frances Meautys Countess of Sussex (age 42) died.

On 18 Nov 1654 Elizabeth Steward (age 89) died.

Before 18 Nov 1689 Baptist Edward Wray 8th Baronet (age 42) died. His uncle Drury Wray 9th Baronet (age 56) succeeded 9th Baronet Wray of Glentworth in Lincolnshire.

Between Mar 1690, the date of her will, and 18 Nov 1710, the date it was proved, Sarah Beaumont died.

On 18 Nov 1691 John Brookes 1st Baronet (age 55) died. He was buried at St Martin le Grand Church, York. His son James Brookes 2nd Baronet  1675-1742 (age 16) succeeded 2nd Baronet Brookes of York in Yorkshire.

On 18 Nov 1692 Admiral Robert Holmes (age 70) died.

On 18 Nov 1693 Rebecca Knightley (age 32) died.

On 18 Nov 1700 Colonel Robert Walpole (age 50) died.

On 18 Nov 1701 Louise Christine Lorraine died.

On 18 Nov 1706 William Thomas 1st Baronet (age 65) died. Baronet Thomas of Folkington in Sussex extinct.

Before 18 Nov 1708 Thomas Rawlinson (age 61) died. He was buried on 20 Nov 1708 at St Dionis Backchurch.

On 18 Nov 1719 Compton Felton 5th Baronet (age 69) died. Baronet Felton of Playford in Suffolk extinct.

On 09 Nov 1731 Love Dring Lady Reade (age 76) died. She was buried on 18 Nov 1731 in the Brocket Chapel at St Elthreda's Church, Bishop's Hatfield.

On 18 Nov 1732 Bridget Gage Viscountess Fauconberg (age 57) died.

On 18 Nov 1746 Henry Agar (age 44) died.

On 18 Nov 1752 James Colebrooke (age 72) died.

On 18 Nov 1769 Annabella Bennet died

On 18 Nov 1785 Louis Philippe "The Fat" Bourbon I Duke Orléans (age 60) died. His son Louis Philippe II Duke of Orléans (age 38) succeeded II Duke Orléans.

On 18 Nov 1806 John Mordaunt 7th Baronet (age 72) died. On 18 Nov 1806 His son Charles Mordaunt 8th Baronet (age 35) succeeded 8th Baronet Mordaunt of Massingham Parva.

On 18 Nov 1822 Anne Brown Lady Trelawny died.

On 18 Nov 1826 Mercy Tanner (age 65) died.

On 18 Nov 1828 John Wood of Beadnell in Northumberland (age 85) died. Thomas Wood aka Craster (age 42) inherited Craster Tower.

On 18 Nov 1834 Frederick George Howard (age 29) died unmarried.

On 18 Nov 1851 Ernest Augustus King Hanover (age 80) died. His son George V King Hanover (age 32) succeeded V King Hanover, 2nd Duke Cumberland and Teviotdale. Marie Saxe Altenburg Queen Consort Hanover by marriage Queen Consort Hanover.

On 18 Nov 1851 John Cope 11th Baronet (age 83) died without issue. His fifth cousin once removed William Henry Cope 12th Baronet (age 40) succeeded 12th Baronet Cope of Hanwell in Oxfordshire.

On 18 Nov 1852 Louisa Duncombe Countess Eldon (age 45) died.

On 18 Nov 1858 Charlotte Hartigan died.

On 18 Nov 1858 Barbara Yelverton Marchioness Hastings (age 48) died.

On 18 Nov 1861 Charlotte Stuart Countess Canning (age 44) died at Calcutta, India in the arms of her husband Charles Canning 1st Earl Canning (age 48).

On 18 Nov 1864 Theodosia Harriett Elizabeth Vyner (age 30) died.

On 18 Nov 1873 Thomas Baring (age 74) died. He was buried at St Mary the Virgin Micheldever, Winchester.

On 18 Nov 1873 John Yonge Akerman (age 67) died.

On 18 Nov 1879 Charlotte Marsham (age 67) died.

On 18 Nov 1887 Infante Juan Count of Montizón (age 65) died.

On 18 Nov 1888 William Courtenay 11th Earl Devon (age 81) died at Powderham Castle [Map]. His son Edward Baldwin Courtenay 12th Earl Devon (age 52) succeeded 12th Earl Devon.

On 18 Nov 1888 Elizabeth Welby (age 84) died.

On 18 Nov 1889 William Allingham (age 65) died.

On 18 Nov 1893 Robert Grosvenor 1st Baron Ebury (age 92) died. His son Robert Grosvenor 2nd Baron Ebury (age 59) succeeded 2nd Baron Ebury.

On 18 Nov 1897 Henry Doulton (age 77) died.

On 18 Nov 1898 William FitzGerald Digby (age 54) died.

On 18 Nov 1905 Herbert Arthur Wellesley (age 38) died.

On 18 Nov 1911 Charles Noel-Hill (age 63) died.

On 18 Nov 1917 Neil James Archibald Primrose (age 34) died.

On 18 Nov 1918 William Vavasour 3rd Baronet (age 71) died. His son Leonard Pius Vavasour 4th Baronet (age 37) succeeded 4th Baronet Vavasour of Hazlewood in Yorkshire.

On 18 Nov 1921 General Owen Grant (age 90) died.

On 18 Nov 1925 Francis Hyde Villiers (age 73) died.

On 18 Nov 1926 Grace Bernal Duchess St Albans (age 78) died.

On 18 Nov 1928 Pamela Wyndham Viscountess Grey (age 57) died.

On 18 Nov 1936 Alonso María Orléans Galliera (age 24) died.

On 18 Nov 1942 Adelaide Forbes (age 82) died.

On 18 Nov 1969 Joseph Patrick Kennedy (age 81) died.

On 18 Nov 2015 John Henry Kilian Brunner 4th Baronet (age 88) died in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Nicholas Felix Minturn Brunner 5th Baronet (age 55)