On this Day in History ... 18 September

18 Sep is in September.

1623 Charles I's Trip to Spain

1642 Europeans Discover New Zealand

On 18 Sep 776 Bishop Pehthelm died.

On 18 or 18 Sep 1049 Bishop Eadnoth died.

On 18 Sep 1180 Louis VII King Franks (age 60) died in Paris [Map]. His son King Philip II of France (age 15) succeeded II King France: Capet.

On 18 Sep 1349 John Fauconberg 3rd Baron Fauconberg (age 59) died. His son Walter Fauconberg 4th Baron Fauconberg (age 30) succeeded 4th Baron Fauconberg. Maud Pateshull Baroness Fauconberg (age 26) by marriage Baroness Fauconberg.

On 18 Sep 1443 Cardinal Louis of Luxemburg died.

On 18 Sep 1479 Fulk Bourchier 10th Baron Fitzwarin (age 33) died. He was buried at St Brannock's Church, Braunton. His son John Bourchier 1st Earl Bath (age 9) succeeded 11th Baron Fitzwarin.

On 18 Sep 1496 Henry Spelman (age 66) died. He and his wife Ela Narborough were buried at All Saints Church Narborough [Map].

Henry Spelman: In 1430 he was born to John Spelman of Stow Bekerton. In 1465 Henry Spelman (age 35) and Ela Narborough were married. She the coheiress of her father brought Narborough to the Spelman family.

Ela Narborough: She was born to William Narborough. In or before 1472 Thomas Shouldham of Marham and she were married.


On 18 Sep 1582 Dudley North 3rd Baron North was born to John North (age 31).

Charles I's Trip to Spain

Autobiograph Simon D'Ewes. 17 Feb 1623. There happened on Monday, the 17th day of the month, so strange an accident as after ages will scarce believe it. For Charles Prince of Wales (age 22) began his journey from London into Spain on Monday, the 17th day of February, with the beloved Marquis of Buckingham (age 30), Sir Francis Cottington (age 44), and Mr. Endimion Porter (age 36), only in his campaign; who only, besides the King himself, were the alone men aquainted with the Prince's resolution. Their going was so secretly carried as none, I believe, knew of it in England till they were landed in France, through which kingdom they passed by posthorse into Spain.1 The journey was thought so dangerous, being above 1100 English miles by land, besides the crossing of the seas between Dover and Calais, as all men were generally ensaddened at the ad- venture, often wishing it had been better advised upon; although they knew the Spaniards durst do the Prince no harm, so long as his royal sister and her illustrious oflspring survived. Soon after followed the Lord Hays (age 43), Earl of Carlisle, and passed into France to excuse to that King the Prince's sudden and secret passing through his kingdom without giving him a visit. All men now took it for granted, that the Prince's marriage with the Infanta Maria, the King of Spain's sister, was concluded on, and that he went over only to consummate it; no man imagining that he would take up such a resolution upon uncertainties, especially occasioning so vast and unnecessary expense at a time when the King's wants pressed him much. But God, whose decree binds princes as well as peasants, had otherwise disposed, so as our royal suitor, arriving at Madrid in Spain on Friday the 7th (or 17th) of March, about three weeks later his departure from London, and taking ship for his return to England on the 18th (or 28th) of September, then next ensuing, stayed in Spain about seven months; in all which time he seldom saw or spoke with the Spanish Princess, nor could ever receive a fair or sincere denial from her brother, although her marriage had been absolutely disposed of by her father's last will and testament; he bequeathing her to Ferdinand, son and heir of Ferdinand the Second, Emperor of Germany, who afterwards did accordingly espouse her.

Note 1. "And now behold a, strange adventure and enterprise! The Prince and the Marquis of Buckingham, accompanied with Cottington and Endimion Porter, post in disgiuse to Spain to accelerate the marriage. The 17th of February they went privately from Court, and the next day came to Dover, where they embarked for Boulogne, and from thence rode post to Paris, where they made some atop. The Prince, shadowed under a bushy peruque, beheld the splendour of that court, and had a full view of the Princess Henrietta Maria (age 13), who was afterwards his royal consort. For, besides the great privacy of the journey, they had so laid the English ports, that none should follow or give the least advertisement, until they had got the start of intelligencers, and passed the bounds of France. Howbeit they escaped narrowly, and a swift intelligence sent to the King of Spain from Don Carlos Coloma was even at their heels before they arrived at Madrid. The Prince and Buckingham being in the territories of Spain, to make but little noise, rode post before their company. The 7th of March they arrived at Madrid, the royal residence, and were conveyed with much secrecy into the Earl of Bristol's (age 43) house-Rushworth, i. p. 76. A fuller account of this extraordinary adventure will be found elsewhere.

Europeans Discover New Zealand

On 18 Sep 1642 Dutch Seafarer Abel Janszoon Tasman anchored his two ships near Wainui in Mohua (Golden Bay). He was the first European visitor to visit Aotearoa, New Zealand. Tasman is responsible for the name New Zealand ie Nieuw Zeeland. Tasman sent boats to gather water which were attacked by Māori; four of his men were killed.

Pepy's Diary. 18 Sep 1665. By break of day we come to within sight of the fleete, which was a very fine thing to behold, being above 100 ships, great and small; with the flag-ships of each squadron, distinguished by their several flags on their main, fore, or mizen masts. Among others, the Soveraigne, Charles, and Prince; in the last of which my Lord Sandwich (age 40) was. When we called by her side his Lordshipp was not stirring, so we come to anchor a little below his ship, thinking to have rowed on board him, but the wind and tide was so strong against us that we could not get up to him, no, though rowed by a boat of the Prince's that come to us to tow us up; at last however he brought us within a little way, and then they flung out a rope to us from the Prince and so come on board, but with great trouble and tune and patience, it being very cold; we find my Lord newly up in his night-gown very well. He received us kindly; telling us the state of the fleet, lacking provisions, having no beer at all, nor have had most of them these three weeks or month, and but few days' dry provisions. And indeed he tells us that he believes no fleete was ever set to sea in so ill condition of provision, as this was when it went out last. He did inform us in the business of Bergen1, so as to let us see how the judgment of the world is not to be depended on in things they know not; it being a place just wide enough, and not so much hardly, for ships to go through to it, the yardarmes sticking in the very rocks. He do not, upon his best enquiry, find reason to except against any part of the management of the business by Teddiman; he having staid treating no longer than during the night, whiles he was fitting himself to fight, bringing his ship a-breast, and not a quarter of an hour longer (as is said); nor could more ships have been brought to play, as is thought. Nor could men be landed, there being 10,000 men effectively always in armes of the Danes; nor, says he, could we expect more from the Dane than he did, it being impossible to set fire on the ships but it must burn the towne. But that wherein the Dane did amisse is, that he did assist them, the Dutch, all the while, while he was treating with us, while he should have been neutrall to us both. But, however, he did demand but the treaty of us; which is, that we should not come with more than five ships. A flag of truce is said, and confessed by my Lord, that he believes it was hung out; but while they did hang it out, they did shoot at us; so that it was not either seen perhaps, or fit to cease upon sight of it, while they continued actually in action against us. But the main thing my Lord wonders at, and condemns the Dane for, is, that the blockhead (age 56), who is so much in debt to the Hollander, having now a treasure more by much than all his Crowne was worth, and that which would for ever have beggared the Hollanders, should not take this time to break with the Hollander, and, thereby paid his debt which must have been forgiven him, and got the greatest treasure into his hands that ever was together in the world.

Note 1. Lord Sandwich (age 40) was not so successful in convincing other people as to the propriety of his conduct at Bergen as he was with Pepys.

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On 18 Sep 1675 Charles Lorraine II Duke Lorraine (age 71) died.

Evelyn's Diary. 18 Sep 1683. After dinner, I walked to survey the sad demolition of Clarendon House, that costly and only sumptuous palace of the late Lord Chancellor Hyde, where I have often been so cheerful with him, and sometimes so sad: happening to make him a visit but the day before he fled from the angry Parliament, accusing him of maladministration, and being envious at his grandeur, who from a private lawyer came to be father-in-law to the Duke of York (age 49), and as some would suggest, designing his Majesty's (age 53) marriage with the Infanta of Portugal (age 44), not apt to breed. To this they imputed much of our unhappiness; and that he, being sole minister and favorite at his Majesty's (age 53) restoration, neglected to gratify the King's (age 53) suffering party, preferring those who were the cause of our troubles. But perhaps as many of these things were injuriously laid to his charge, so he kept the government far steadier than it has proved since. I could name some who I think contributed greatly to his ruin,-the buffoons and the MISSIS, to whom he was an eye-sore. It is true he was of a jolly temper, after the old English fashion; but France had now the ascendant, and we were become quite another nation. The Chancellor gone, and dying in exile, the Earl his successor sold that which cost £50,000 building, to the young Duke of Albemarle (age 30) for £25,000, to pay debts which how contracted remains yet a mystery, his son (age 30) being no way a prodigal. Some imagine the Duchess his daughter (age 29) [Note. Daughter-in-law?] had been chargeable to him. However it were, this stately palace is decreed to ruin, to support the prodigious waste the Duke of Albemarle (age 30) had made of his estate, since the old man died. He sold it to the highest bidder, and it fell to certain rich bankers and mechanics, who gave for it and the ground about it, £35,000; they design a new town, as it were, and a most magnificent piazza [square]. It is said they have already materials toward it with what they sold of the house alone, more worth than what they paid for it. See the vicissitudes of earthly things! I was astonished at this demolition, nor less at the little army of laborers and artificers leveling the ground, laying foundations, and contriving great buildings at an expense of £200,000, if they perfect their design.

Evelyn's Diary. 18 Sep 1688. I went to London, where I found the Court in the utmost consternation on report of the Prince of Orange's (age 37) landing; which put Whitehall into so panic a fear, that I could hardly believe it possible to find such a change.


On 18 Sep 1691 Charles Fane 3rd Earl of Westmoreland (age 56) died without issue. His brother Vere Fane 4th Earl of Westmoreland (age 46) succeeded 4th Earl of Westmoreland 2C 1624, 7th Baron Despencer 4C 1357, 4th Baron Burghesh in Suffolk 3C 1624. Rachel Bence Countess of Westmoreland by marriage Countess of Westmoreland.

On 03 Jun 1705 or 18 Sep 1721 Charles Butler 3rd Duke Ormond (age 50) and Elizabeth Crew Countess Arran (age 26) were married. She by marriage Countess Arran. He the son of Thomas Butler 6th Earl Ossory and Emilia Nassau Beverweert Countess Ossory.

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On 18 Sep 1762 Diana Middleton 2nd Baroness Barham was born to Admiral Charles Middleton 1st Baron Barham (age 35) at Barham Court and Margaret Gambier.

On 18 Sep 1764 William Clavering-Cowper 2nd Earl Cowper (age 55) died. His son George Nassau Clavering-Cowper 3rd Earl Cowper (age 26) succeeded 3rd Earl Cowper, 3rd Baron Cowper of Wingham in Kent, 5th Baronet Cowper of Ratling Court in Kent. Hannah Anna Gore 3rd Countess Cowper by marriage Countess Cowper.

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On 18 Sep 1764 Anne Jacobsen Lady Morgan (age 50) died. She was buried at St James' Church, Kinnersley [Map] where her uncle Theodore Jacobsen commissioned a monument by Nicholas Read (age 31).

Anne Jacobsen Lady Morgan: In 1714 she was born to Jacob Jacobsen of Walthamstow, Essex and Ann Heathcote (age 30). On 17 Dec 1750 John Morgan 4th Baronet (age 40) and Anne Jacobsen Lady Morgan (age 36) were married. She by marriage Lady Morgan of Langattock in Monmouthshire.

On 18 Sep 1772 William "Lord Dashalong" Molyneux 2nd Earl Sefton was born to Charles Molyneux 1st Earl Sefton (age 23) and Isabella Stanhope Countess Sefton (age 24). He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 18 Sep 1788 William Digby (age 55) died.

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On 18 Sep 1852 Francis Money-Coutts 5th Baron Latymer was born to Reverend James Drummond Money (age 47) and Clara Burdett (age 46).

On 18 Sep 1862 George Godolphin Osborne 10th Duke Leeds was born to George Godolphin Osborne 9th Duke Leeds (age 34) and Fanny Georgiana Pitt-Rivers Duchess Leeds (age 25). Coefficient of inbreeding 3.94%.

On 18 Sep 1863 Charles Gordon 10th Marquess Huntly (age 71) died. His son Charles Gordon 11th Marquess Huntly (age 16) succeeded 11th Marquess Huntly, 7th Earl Aboyne. Maria Antoinetta Pegus Marchioness Huntly (age 42) by marriage Marchioness Huntly.

On 18 Sep 1872 Charles XV King Sweden IV King Norway (age 46) died. His brother King Oscar II of Sweden and Norway (age 43) succeeded King Sweden and King Norway. Queen Sophia of Sweden and Norway (age 36) by marriage Queen Sweden and Queen Norway.


On 18 Sep 1928 John George Lambton 3rd Earl Durham (age 73) died. His brother Frederick Lambton 4th Earl Durham (age 73) succeeded 4th Earl Durham.

Time Team Series 1 Episode 4: The Fortress in the Lake was filmed between 16 Sep 1993 and 18 Sep 1993. It was originally shown on 06 Feb 1994.

Locations: Llangorse Lake, Breconshire [Map], St Paulinus' Church, Llangorse [Map].

Category: Time Team Early Medieval.

Time Team:

Tony Robinson (age 47), Presenter

Mick Aston (age 47), Bristol University Landscape Archaeologist

Carenza Lewis (age 29), Royal Commission on Historic Monuments

Phil Harding (age 43), Wessex Archaeological Trust Field Archaeologist

Robin Bush (age 50), Archivist.

Victor Ambrus (age 58), Historical Illustrator

John Gator, Chris Gaffney, Geophysics

Damian Goodburn, Ancient Woodworking Specialist

Mark Redknap, National Museum of Wales

Techniques: Magnetometry

Sources: Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 916, Book of Llandaff Chapter 4 Section 7: Llan Cors, Book of Llandaff Chapter 8

Historical Figures: King Elised of Brecknock, Æthelflæd Lady of the Mercians.

Outcomes: Reconstructed Iron Age boat made from 3.5 tonnes of oak; a copy of an original discovered in Llangorse Lake in Brecon Museum. Metal working on site, shale ring. Boundary Ditch.

Channel 4 Episode