On this Day in History ... 22nd April

22 Apr is in April.

1433 John Duke of Bedford marries Jacquetta Luxemburg

1563 Creation of Garter Knights

1661 Coronation of Charles II

1689 Coronation William III and Mary II

1734 General Election

1763 Creation of Baronets

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 22nd April

On 22 Apr 1422 Charles "Victorious" VII King France (age 19) and Marie Valois Anjou Queen Consort France (age 17) were married. She the daughter of King Louis of Naples and Yolanda Barcelona Queen Consort Naples. He the son of Charles "Beloved Mad" VI King France (age 53) and Isabeau Wittelsbach Queen Consort France (age 52). They were second cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry III of England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Henry III of England.

Chronicle of Gregory 1433. 22 Apr 1433. And the same year the Duke of Bedforde (age 43), and Regyant of Fraunce, weddyde the dukys (age 43)1 daughter (age 18) of Syn Powle the xxij2 day at Tyruyn [Map]3.

Note 1. He was Count Saint Pol rather than Duke.

Note 2. of April.

Note 3. Thérouanne [Map].

On 22 Apr 1433 John Duke Bedford (age 43) and Jacquetta Luxemburg (age 18) were married at Thérouanne [Map]. She by marriage Duchess Bedford. The difference in their ages was 25 years. She the daughter of Peter Luxemburg I Count Saint Pol (age 43) and Margherita Baux (age 39). He the son of King Henry IV of England and Mary Bohun. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Henry III of England.

The marriage caused a rift with Philip "Good" Duke Burgundy (age 36), John's late wife's brother, who regarded the marriage, some five months after his sister's death, an insult to her memory. There was no issue from the marriage with John dying a year and a half later.

On 22 Apr 1451 Isabella Queen Castile was born to John II King Castile (age 46) and Isabella Aviz Queen Consort Castile (age 23). She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III of England. Coefficient of inbreeding 2.60%.

On 22 Apr 1505 Henry Stafford 1st Earl Wiltshire (age 26) was appointed 261st Knight of the Garter by King Henry VII of England and Ireland (age 48).

On 22 Apr 1518 Antoine King Navarre was born to Charles Bourbon Duke Vendôme (age 28) and Françoise Valois Countess Vendôme (age 28).

Henry Machyn's Diary. 22 Apr 1557. The sam day the Kyng (age 29) and the Quen (age 41) removyd from Grenwyche [Map] unto Westmynster, a-ganst sant [George's day.]

Henry Machyn's Diary. 22 Apr 1563. The xxij day of Aprell, was sant Gorge's evyn, at v of the cloke the knyghtes of the Garter cam downe from the quen('s) chambur thrugh the halle to here chapell, and yt was strod with gren ryssys, [and all] the haroldes in ther cott armurs, master Perkullys, master Ruges-dragon, master Lanckaster, master Rychmond, and master Somersett, and master Norray (age 65) and master Clarenshux (age 53), master Garter (age 53), and master dene, my lord of Hunsdon (age 37), my lord Montyguw (age 34), my lord Robartt (age 30), my lord of Lughborow (age 42), the yerle of Shrowsbere (age 35), my lord admeralle (age 51), my lord chamburlayn, the yerle of Ruttland (age 36), the yerle of Darbe (age 53), the marques of Northamtun (age 51), the duke of Northfoke (age 27), (the) yerle of Arundell (age 50), and the yerle of Penbroke (age 62), and so evere man to ys own plase in the chapell of ther owne sett.... cam a prosessyon up thrugh the halle to .... furst the serjant of the vestre with a sylver rod, [then the] chylderyn in ther surples, and then the qwyre sy[nging the English] prosessyon in copes of cloth of gold to the nombur of .... haroldes of armes and sergantes of armes, furst Ruges[croix and] Ruge-dragon, and then cam master Lonkastur and master Rychmond and master [Somerset;] furst my lord of Hunsdon, my lord Montyguw, my lord Robartt, my lord of Lowthborow, my lord admeralle, my lord chamburlayn, the yerle of Rutland, the yerle of [Shrewsbury,] the yerle of Darbe, the yerle of Penbroke, the marques of [Northampton,] the yerle of Arundell, the duke of Northfoke; and then [master Garter,] master Norres (age 65), the dene of the chapell, they iij in cremesun saten v[elvet;] and next the byshope of Wynchestur and ser Wylliam Peter in [robes of] cremesun velvett with red crosses on ther robes, and ser .... and the yerle of Northumberland bare the sword, and the(n) the [Queen] in her robe, and master Knolles bare the quen('s) trayn, and after ....

Evelyn's Diary. 22 Apr 1661. Was the splendid cavalcade of his Majesty (age 30) from the Tower of London to Whitehall, when I saw him in the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace [Map] create six Earls, and as many Barons, viz:

Edward Lord Hyde, Lord Chancellor (age 52), Earl of Clarendon; supported by the Earls of Northumberland (age 58) and Sussex (age 14); the Earl of Bedford (age 44) carried the cap and coronet, the Earl of Warwick (age 46), the sword, the Earl of Newport (age 64), the mantle.

Next, was Capel, created Earl of Essex.

Brudenell, Cardigan;.

Valentia, Anglesea;.

Greenvill, Bath;.

Howard, Earl of Carlisle.

The Barons were: Denzille Holles; Cornwallis; Booth; Townsend; Cooper; Crew; who were led up by several Peers, with Garter and officers of arms before them; when, after obedience on their several approaches to the throne, their patents were presented by Garter King-at-Arms, which being received by the Lord Chamberlain (age 59), and delivered to his Majesty (age 30), and by him to the Secretary of State, were read, and then again delivered to his Majesty (age 30), and by him to the several Lords created; they were then robed, their coronets and collars put on by his Majesty (age 30), and they were placed in rank on both sides of the state and throne; but the Barons put off their caps and circles, and held them in their hands, the Earls keeping on their coronets, as cousins to the King (age 30).

I spent the rest of the evening in seeing the several archtriumphals built in the streets at several eminent places through which his Majesty (age 30) was next day to pass, some of which, though temporary, and to stand but one year, were of good invention and architecture, with inscriptions.

Notes:

Arthur Capell 1st Earl Essex (age 29) was created 1st Earl Essex. Elizabeth Percy Countess Essex (age 25) by marriage Countess Essex.

Thomas Brudenell 1st Earl Cardigan (age 78) was created 1st Earl Cardigan. Mary Tresham Countess Cardigan by marriage Countess Cardigan.

Arthur Annesley 1st Earl Annesley (age 46) was created 1st Earl Anglesey, 1st Baron Annesley Newport Pagnell Buckinghamshire. Elizabeth Altham Countess Anglesey (age 41) by marriage Countess Anglesey.

John Granville 1st Earl Bath (age 32) was created 1st Earl Bath.

Charles Howard 1st Earl Carlisle (age 32) was created 1st Earl Carlisle.

Denzil Holles 1st Baron Holles (age 61) was created 1st Baron Holles. Jane Shirley Baroness Holles by marriage Baroness Holles.

Frederick Cornwallis 1st Baron Cornwallis (age 50) was created 1st Baron Cornwallis.

George Booth 1st Baron Delamer (age 38) was created 1st Baron Delamer. Elizabeth Grey Baroness Delamer (age 39) by marriage Baroness Delamer.

Horatio Townshend 1st Viscount Townsend (age 30) was created 1st Baron Townshend of Lynn Regis in Norfolk.

Anthony Ashley-Cooper 1st Earl Shaftesbury (age 39) was created 1st Baron Ashley of Wimborne St Giles.

Pepy's Diary. 22 Apr 1661. KING'S GOING FROM YE TOWER TO WHITE HALL1. Up early and made myself as fine as I could, and put on my velvet coat, the first day that I put it on, though made half a year ago. And being ready, Sir W. Batten (age 60), my Lady, and his two daughters and his son and wife, and Sir W. Pen (age 39) and his son and I, went to Mr. Young's, the flag-maker, in Corne-hill2; and there we had a good room to ourselves, with wine and good cake, and saw the show very well.

Note 1. The king in the early morning of the 22nd went from Whitehall to the Tower by water, so that he might proceed from thence through the City to Westminster Abbey, there to be crowned.

Note 2. The members of the Navy Office appear to have chosen Mr. Young's house on account of its nearness to the second triumphal arch, situated near the Royal Exchange [Map], which was dedicated to the Navy.

On 22 Apr 1661 King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 30) rode from the Tower of London [Map] to Whitehall Palace [Map]. At the Lime Street end of Leadenhall he passed under a triumphal arch built after the Doric order, with Rebellion, her crimson robe alive with snakes, being crushed by Monarchy Restored, and a fine painting of his Majesty's landing at Dover, "with ships at sea, great guns going off, one kneeling and kissing the King's hand, soldiers, horse and foot and many people gazing".

Outside the East India House in Leadenhall Street [Map], that loyal and honourable trading company expressed their dutiful affections to his Majesty by two Indian youths, one attended by two blackamoors and the other mounted upon a camel, which bore on its back two panniers filled with jewels, spices, and silks to be scattered among the spectators.

At the Conduit in Cornhill [Map] a special treat was prepared for the bachelor king in the shape of eight nymphs clad in white. A little further down the street, just opposite the Royal Exchange, was another arch, with stages against it depicting the River Thames and the upper deck of one of his Majesty's ships.

The procession included the Duke of York (age 27), the Lord High Constable (age 58) and the Lord Great Chamberlain (age 53).

The Sword of State was carried by Esmé Stewart 2nd Duke Richmond 5th Duke Lennox.

Evelyn's Diary. 23 Apr 1661. Was the coronation of his Majesty (age 30) Charles II in the Abbey-Church of Westminster [Map]; at all which ceremony I was present. the King (age 30) and his Nobility went to the Tower [Map], I accompanying my Lord Viscount Mordaunt (age 34) part of the way; this was on Sunday, the 22d; but indeed his Majesty (age 30) went not till early this morning, and proceeded from thence to Westminster in this order:

After 22 Apr 1661. Peter Lely (age 42). Portrait of Elizabeth Grey Baroness Delamer (age 39).

Elizabeth Grey Baroness Delamer: In 1622 she was born to Henry Grey 1st Earl Stamford and Anne Cecil Countess Stamford. Before 17 Apr 1648 George Booth 1st Baron Delamer and she were married. She the daughter of Henry Grey 1st Earl Stamford and Anne Cecil Countess Stamford. In 1691 Elizabeth Grey Baroness Delamer died.

Minutes of the Royal Society. 11 Jun 1662. 82. Royal Society Meeting Minutes.

Sir Robert Moray (age 54) President.

Dr Petty's (age 51) brother (age 42) showed the Society a draft of the pleasure boat he is to make for the King (age 32).

Lord Berkeley of Berkely (age 13) presented the Society with a Bird of Paradise having two feet.

Dr Goddard brought in a moth with feathered wings.

Mr Evelyn (age 41) presentd the Society with a book called 'The History of Chalcogrphij'.

Mr Ball to be asked to produce his 'Magnetick Instruments',

Mr Boyle1 presented the Society with a book of the 'Weight and Spring of Air'; and also with a glass tube filled with Minium, wherewith the experiment of filtering was made.

The Amanuensis to enquire about the depth of the water under the arches of London Bridge.

Mr Croone (age 28) to write to Dr Power about the trial of heat and cold in deep caves.

The Amanuensis to bespeak the long glass tube for the Torricellian Experiment.

Note 1. Not clear which Mr Boyle this is since Richard Boyle was elected 20 May 1663 and Robert Boyle (age 36) on 22 Apr 1663.

Pepy's Diary. 22 Apr 1666. Lord's Day. Up, and put on my new black coate, long down to my knees, and with Sir W. Batten (age 65) to White Hall, where all in deep mourning for the Queene's (age 27) mother. There had great discourse, before the Duke (age 32) and Sir W. Coventry (age 38) begun the discourse of the day about the purser's business, which I seconded, and with great liking to the Duke (age 32), whom however afterward my Lord Bruncker (age 46) and Sir W. Pen (age 44) did stop by some thing they said, though not much to the purpose, yet because our proposition had some appearance of certain charge to the King (age 35) it was ruled that for this year we should try another the same in every respect with ours, leaving out one circumstance of allowing the pursers the victuals of all men short of the complement. I was very well satisfied with it and am contented to try it, wishing it may prove effectual.

On 22 Apr 1689 Elizabeth Butler Countess Derby (age 29) was appointed Principal Lady in Waiting to Mary Stewart II Queen England Scotland and Ireland (age 26) as well as Groom of the Stool and Mistress of the Robes attracting a salary of £1200 per annum (£800 and £400 respectively).

On 22 Apr 1713 Peter Du Cane was born.

On 22 Apr 1734 the 1734 General Election was held ...

Leonard Smelt (age 51) was elected MP Northallerton.

Robert Grosvenor 6th Baronet (age 38) was elected MP Chester.

On 22 Apr 1763 two new Baronets were created ...

Matthew Blakiston 1st Baronet (age 61) was created 1st Baronet Blakiston of the City of London. Annabella Bayley Lady Blakiston by marriage Lady Blakiston of the City of London.

John Fleming 1st Baronet (age 33) was created 1st Baronet Fleming of Brompton Park in Middlesex. Jane Coleman Baroness Harewood (age 32) by marriage Lady Fleming of Brompton Park in Middlesex.

On 22 Apr 1784 Bourchier Wrey 6th Baronet (deceased) was buried at St Peter's Church, Tawstock [Map].

Sacred To the Memory of Sir Bourchier Wrey of Tawstock House In the County of Devon Bart Descended from Sir Chichester Wrey Bart Of Trebeigh in the County of Cornwall By Ann wife Wife Daughter and Coheiress Of Edward Bourchier Earl of Bath And Lord Fitz-warine, and relict of James Earl of Middlesex. He was chosen in 1748 to represent in Parliament the Borough of Barnstaple And was nineteen Years Colonel of the North-Devon Regiment of Militia He departed this Life April 13th 1784 Aged 69 Years

Sir Bourchier Wrey was twice married First to Mary daughter of John Edwards of Highgate Esqr By which Marriage there was no issue, Afterwards to Ellen Daughter & Coheiress of John Thresher Esqr of Bradford in the County of Wilts (By Whom he has left two Sons and four Daughters Bourchier, Bourchier William, Ellen, Dyonisia, Florentina, and Anna Maria) & who having surviv's him has caus'd This Monument to be erected As a Testimony of Her Respect and Affection.

On 22 Apr 1868 Elizabeth Wharton Drexel Baroness Decies was born to Joseph William Drexel (age 35) and Lucy Wharton (age 27).

Archaeologia Volume 84 1935 Section VI. 22 Apr 1914. Plate XXXVIII. Fig. 2. View, looking WNW., of the early stages in the excavation of Cutting IX, Fosse, on the E. side of the Entrance Causeway, a cutting across which is seen.

Births on the 22nd April

On 22 Apr 1444 Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk was born to Richard Plantagenet 3rd Duke of York (age 32) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York (age 28) at Rouen, France [Map]. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III of England. Coefficient of inbreeding 2.42%.

On 22 Apr 1451 Isabella Queen Castile was born to John II King Castile (age 46) and Isabella Aviz Queen Consort Castile (age 23). She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III of England. Coefficient of inbreeding 2.60%.

On or before 22 Apr 1493 Richard Bellasis was born to William Thomas Belasyse (age 22) and Margaret Threlkeld (age 25).

On 22 Apr 1518 Antoine King Navarre was born to Charles Bourbon Duke Vendôme (age 28) and Françoise Valois Countess Vendôme (age 28).

On 22 Apr 1535 John Brooke was born to George Brooke 9th Baron Cobham (age 38) and Anne Braye Baroness Cobham (age 34).

On 22 Apr 1604 Peter Venables Baron Kinderton was born to Thomas Venables (age 60) and Anne Gargrave (age 33).

On 22 Apr 1610 Pope Alexander VIII was born Pietro Vito Ottoboni.

On 22 Apr 1668 Charles Dormer 5th Baron Dormer was born to Charles Dormer.

On 22 Apr 1687 or 03 May 1687 Peter Bathurst was born to Benjamin Bathurst (age 48) and Frances Apsley (age 32).

On 22 Apr 1700 Stillborn Saxe Coburg Altenburg was born to Frederick Saxe Coburg Altenburg II Duke Saxe Gotha Altenburg (age 23) and Magdalena Augusta Anhalt Zerbst Anhaltzerbst Duchess Saxe Gotha Altenburg at Gotha.

On 22 Apr 1713 Peter Du Cane was born.

On 22 Apr 1720 Chandos Hoskyns 5th Baronet was born to Hungerford Hoskyns 4th Baronet (age 43) and Mary Leigh Lady Hoskyns (age 21).

On 22 Apr 1726 Thomas Worsley 6th Baronet was born to James Worsley 5th Baronet (age 54).

On 22 Apr 1730 George Byron was born to William Byron 4th Baron Byron (age 60) and Frances Berkeley Baroness Byron (age 27).

On 22 Apr 1738 Princess Elisabeth Louise Hohenzollern was born to Friedrich Wilhelm Hohenzollern (age 37) and Sophia Dorothea Hohenzollern (age 19). She a great granddaughter of King George I of Great Britain and Ireland. Coefficient of inbreeding 2.05%.

On 22 Apr 1746 Anne Lyon was born to Thomas Lyon 8th Earl Strathmore and Kinghorne (age 42) and Jean Nicholson.

On 22 Apr 1771 Edward Seymour was born to Webb Seymour 10th Duke of Somerset (age 52) and Anne Maria Bonnell Duchess Somerset.

On 22 Apr 1780 Princess Henriette Nassau Weilburg was born to Charles Christian Nassau Weilburg (age 45) and Carolina Orange Nassau (age 37). She a great granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 22 Apr 1785 Robert Henry Cunliffe 4th Baronet was born to Foster Cunliffe 3rd Baronet (age 30) and Harriet Kinloch Lady Cunliffe.

On 22 Apr 1801 Philip Henry Howard was born to Henry Howard (age 43) and Catherine Marie Mary Charlotte Neave (age 31).

On 22 Apr 1811 Charles Arthur Wentworth Harwood Noel-Hill was born to Richard Noel-Hill 4th Baron Berwick (age 36) and Frances Maria Owen (age 26).

On 22 Apr 1833 Charles Henry Wilson 1st Baron Nunburnholme was born to Thomas Wilson (age 41).

On 22 Apr 1835 Reginald Henry Graham 8th Baronet was born to Bellingham Reginald Graham 7th Baronet (age 45) and Harriet Cottam Lady Graham.

On 22 Apr 1842 Vesey Dawson 2nd Earl of Dartrey was born.

On 22 Apr 1847 Emily Georgina Kerr Countess Strafford was born to Frederick Herbert Kerr (age 29).

On 22 Apr 1847 Vladimir Holstein Gottorp Romanov was born to Tsar Alexander II of Russia (age 28) and Maria Alexandrovna Hesse Darmstadt (age 22). Coefficient of inbreeding 1.67%.

On 22 Apr 1847 Charles Henry Wynn was born to Spencer Bulkeley Wynn 3rd Baron Newborough (age 43) and Frances Maria De Winton Baroness Newborough. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.12%.

On 22 Apr 1864 Frederick Turnly Blakiston was born to Reverend Horace Mann Blakiston (age 44).

On 22 Apr 1868 John Vinton Dahlgren was born.

On 22 Apr 1868 Elizabeth Wharton Drexel Baroness Decies was born to Joseph William Drexel (age 35) and Lucy Wharton (age 27).

On 22 Apr 1872 Margaret Hohenzollern was born to Frederick III King Prussia (age 40) and Victoria Empress Germany Queen Consort Prussia (age 31). She a granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

On 22 Apr 1874 Ellis Hicks-Beach was born to William Frederick Hicks-Beach (age 32).

On 22 Apr 1875 Odo Vivian 3rd Baron Swansea was born to Henry Vivian 1st Baron Swansea (age 53) and Averil Beaumont (age 34).

On 22 Apr 1889 Violet Mary Emily Maud Butler was born to Theobald Butler (age 36) and Annabella Brydon.

On 22 Apr 1890 Second Lieutenant William Walter Vernon was born to William Frederick Cuthbert Vernon (age 33) and Louisa Frost (age 29) at St Louis, MIssouri.

On 22 Apr 1894 Henry Nelson 7th Earl Nelson was born to Edward Nelson 5th Earl Nelson (age 33).

On 22 Apr 1906 Gustaf Adolf Bernadotte was born to Gustaf Adolph VI King Sweden (age 23) and Margaret "Daisy" Windsor (age 24). He a great grandson of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

On 22 Apr 1911 Major John Hamilton-Russell was born to Gustavus Hamilton-Russell 9th Viscount Boyne (age 47) and Margaret Selina Lascelles Viscountess Boyne (age 28).

Marriages on the 22nd April

Before 22 Apr 1396 Henry Grey 5th Baron Grey of Wilton (age 54) and Elizabeth Talbot Baroness Grey Wilton were married. She by marriage Baroness Grey of Wilton. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

On 22 Apr 1422 Charles "Victorious" VII King France (age 19) and Marie Valois Anjou Queen Consort France (age 17) were married. She the daughter of King Louis of Naples and Yolanda Barcelona Queen Consort Naples. He the son of Charles "Beloved Mad" VI King France (age 53) and Isabeau Wittelsbach Queen Consort France (age 52). They were second cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry III of England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Henry III of England.

On 22 Apr 1433 John Duke Bedford (age 43) and Jacquetta Luxemburg (age 18) were married at Thérouanne [Map]. She by marriage Duchess Bedford. The difference in their ages was 25 years. She the daughter of Peter Luxemburg I Count Saint Pol (age 43) and Margherita Baux (age 39). He the son of King Henry IV of England and Mary Bohun. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Henry III of England.

The marriage caused a rift with Philip "Good" Duke Burgundy (age 36), John's late wife's brother, who regarded the marriage, some five months after his sister's death, an insult to her memory. There was no issue from the marriage with John dying a year and a half later.

On 22 Apr 1455 John La Marck I Duke Cleves (age 36) and Elizabeth Valois Duchess Cleves (age 16) were married. She by marriage Duchess Cleves. She the daughter of John Valois II Count of Nevers, Etampes, Rethel and Eu (age 40) and Jacqueline Ailly Countess Nevers. He the son of Adolph La Marck I Duke Cleves and Marie Valois Duchess Cleves (age 62). They were second cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

Before 22 Apr 1493 William Thomas Belasyse (age 22) and Margaret Threlkeld (age 25) were married. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

Wriothesley's Chronicle 1538. 22 Apr 1538. This yeare, the morrowe after Easter dale, being the twentie towe daie of Aprill, Sir Thomas Awdeley (age 50), knight, Lord Chauncelor of Englande, was married to my Ladie Elizabeth Graie,a sister to the Lord Marques of Dorsett (age 21) now living, and daughter to the old Lord Marques late deceased.

Note. Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Walden (age 50) and were married. She by marriage Baroness Audley Walden in Essex. She the daughter of Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset and Margaret Wotton Marchioness Dorset. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

Note a. Elizabeth Grey, eldest daughter of Thomas fifth Marquis of Dorset, and sister of Henry (age 21), who succeeded to the title in 1530.

On 22 Apr 1620 Charles Howard 2nd Earl Nottingham (age 40) and Mary Cockayne 1st Countess Nottingham were married. She by marriage Countess Nottingham. She the daughter of William Cockayne (age 59) and Mary Morris Countess Dover (age 55). He the son of Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham (age 84) and Katherine Carey Countess Nottingham.

On or after 22 Apr 1633, the date of the licence, George Stonhouse 1st and 3rd Baronet (age 29) and Margaret Lovelace were married.

After 22 Apr 1687 Peter Bathurst and Leonora Maria Howe were married.

Before 22 Apr 1690 George Carteret 1st Baron Carteret (age 22) and Jane Granville Baroness Gower (age 35) were married. She by marriage Baroness Carteret of Hawnes. She the daughter of John Granville 1st Earl Bath (age 61) and Jane Wyche.

On or after 22 Apr 1699 John Tregagle (age 25) and Jane Whichcote (age 19) were married. They had three sons and one daughter.

On 22 Apr 1725 Wriothesley Russell 3rd Duke Bedford (age 16) and Anne Egerton Duchess Bedford were married. She by marriage Duchess Bedford. She was the step-daughter of his sister Rachel Russell Duchess Bridgewater (age 18). She the daughter of Scroop Egerton 1st Duke Bridgewater (age 43) and Elizabeth Churchill Countess Bridgewater. He the son of Wriothesley Russell 2nd Duke Bedford and Elizabeth Howland Duchess Bedford.

On 22 Apr 1759 Charles Gordon 4th Earl Aboyne (age 33) and Margaret Stewart Countess Aboyne were married. She by marriage Countess Aboyne. She the daughter of Alexander Stewart 6th Earl Galloway (age 65) and Catherine Cochrane Countess Galloway (age 50). He the son of John Gordon 3rd Earl Aboyne and Grace Lockhart Countess Aboyne. They were second cousins.

Before 22 Apr 1777 John Tuchet 8th Earl Castlehaven (age 52) and Susanna Drax were married. There is some uncertainty as whether this marriage is correct. Some sources describe him as having died unmarried? He the son of James Tuchet 6th Earl Castlehaven and Elizabeth Arundell Countess Castlehaven.

On 22 Apr 1801 Grey Skipwith 8th Baronet (age 29) and Harriet Townsend Lady Skipwith (age 22) were married. They had 12 sons and 8 daughters.

On 22 Apr 1841 James Bruce 12th Earl Kincardine 8th Earl Elgin (age 29) and Elizabeth Mary Cumming Bruce Countess Kincardine and Elgin were married. He the son of Thomas Bruce 11th Earl Kincardine 7th Earl Elgin (age 74) and Mary Nisbet Countess Elgin (age 63).

Before 22 Apr 1890 William Frederick Cuthbert Vernon (age 33) and Louisa Frost (age 29) were married.

On 22 Apr 1902 Allen "Benjamin" Bathurst (age 29) and Augusta Ruby Spencer-Churchill (age 25) were married. He the son of Allen Bathurst 6th Earl Bathurst and Meriel Warren. He a great x 5 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 22 Apr 1916 Philip Morton Shand (age 28) and Edith Marguerite "Margot" Harrington (age 22) were married at St Peter's Church, Hammersmith.

On 22 Apr 1921 William Lambton (age 57) and Katherine De Vere Beauclerk (age 43) were married. She the daughter of William Amelius Aubrey Beauclerk 10th Duke St Albans and Grace Bernal Duchess St Albans (age 73). He the son of George Frederick D'Arcy Lambton 2nd Earl Durham and Beatrix Frances Hamilton Countess Durham. He a great x 5 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

Deaths on the 22nd April

On 22 Apr 1045 Bishop Bertwald of Ramsbury died. He was buried at Glastonbury Abbey [Map].

On 22 Apr 1279 Archbishop Walter Giffard (age 54) died at York [Map]. He was buried at York Minster [Map].

On 22 Apr 1355 Eleanor of Woodstock Plantagenet (age 36) died. She was buried at Deventer Abbey [Map].

On 22 Apr 1396 Henry Grey 5th Baron Grey of Wilton (age 54) died. His son Richard Grey 6th Baron Grey of Wilton (age 3) succeeded 6th Baron Grey of Wilton.

On 22 Apr 1416 William Filiol (age 36) died.

On 22 Apr 1459 Walter Devereux (age 72) died.

On 22 Apr 1493 Margaret Threlkeld (age 25) died.

On 22 Apr 1493 Lancelot Threlkeld (age 58) died at Yanwath, Cumberland.

On 22 Apr 1512 Edmund Gorges (age 58) died in Wraxall, Somerset [Map].

After 22 Apr 1530 Randolph Brereton (age 73) died.

On 22 Apr 1545 Louis Wittelsbach X Duke Bavaria (age 49) died. His uncle Christoph Duke Wittelsbach I Duke Bavaria succeeded Christophe I Duke Bavaria.

On 22 Apr 1567 Reginald Mohun (age 59) died.

On 22 Apr 1576 Robert Honywood (age 50) died.

On 22 Apr 1577 Christian Oldenburg died.

On 22 Apr 1577 John Neville 4th Baron Latimer of Snape (age 57) died. He was buried at St Michaels Church, Well. Baron Latimer of Snape abeyant between daughters Katherine Neville Countess Northumberland (age 32), Dorothy Neville Countess Exeter (age 29), Lucy Neville (age 28) and Elizabeth Neville (age 27).

On 22 Apr 1592 James Home died in Cowdenknowes.

On 22 Apr 1598 Anne Pierrepont (age 48) died.

On 22 Apr 1634 Richard Lovelace 1st Baron Lovelace (age 70) died in Hurley, Buckinghamshire. His son John Lovelace 2nd Baron Lovelace (age 18) succeeded 2nd Baron Lovelace.

On 22 Apr 1638 Edward Wingfield of Carnew in Wicklow (age 48) died.

On 22 Apr 1653 Robert Howard (age 69) died at Hall in the Forest, Clun [Map]. He was buried at St George's Church, Clun [Map].

On 22 Apr 1669 Friedrich Wilhelm Wettin II Duke Saxe Altenburg (age 66) died at Altenburg.

On 22 Apr 1681 John Mundy (age 79) died.

On 22 Apr 1685 John Eyre of Eyre Court (age 62) died.

On 22 Apr 1685 James Darnley (age 1) died.

On 22 Apr 1694 Thomas Savage (age 50) died.

On 22 Apr 1700 Stillborn Saxe Coburg Altenburg died at Gotha.

Before 22 Apr 1701 Ferdinando Gorges (age 76) died.

On 22 Apr 1703 William Hicks 2nd Baronet (age 73) died. His son Henry Hicks 3rd Baronet (age 37) succeeded 3rd Baronet Hicks of Beverston in Gloucestershire.

On 22 Apr 1706 Wilhelmina Ernestina Oldenburg (age 55) died.

On 22 Apr 1711 Constance Lucy Lady Burgoyne (age 52) died.

On 22 Apr 1717 Ursula Widdrington Countess Plymouth (age 69) died.

On 22 Apr 1726 Bernard Gardiner (age 57) died.

On 22 Apr 1730 William Windham (age 56) died.

On 22 Apr 1735 Bernard Howard (age 61) died.

On 15 Apr 1762 Edward Dering 5th Baronet (age 57) died. He was buried at St Nicholas' Church, Pluckley on 22 Apr 1762. His son Edward Dering 6th Baronet (age 29) succeeded 6th Baronet Dering of Surrenden Dering in Kent.

On 22 Apr 1777 John Tuchet 8th Earl Castlehaven (age 52) died. Earl Castlehaven, Baron Audley of Orier in England and Baron Audley of Hely in Ireland extinct. His nephew George Thicknesse 19th Baron Audley (age 20) succeeded 19th Baron Audley of Heighley in Staffordshire.

On 22 Apr 1781 Alexander Stewart (age 83) died.

On 22 Apr 1784 Henry Granville (age 66) died.

On 22 Apr 1788 Charles Philip Jennings-Clerke 2nd Baronet died. Baronet Jennings of Duddlestone Hall extinct.

On 22 Apr 1796 Karoline Ernestine of Erbach Schonberg (age 68) died.

On 22 Apr 1799 Henry Yelverton 3rd Earl of Sussex (age 70) died without suviving male issue. Earl of Sussex and Viscount Longueville and Baronet Yelverton of Easton Maudit in Northamptonshire extinct. His grandson Henry Gould Yelverton 19th Baron Grey Ruthyn (age 18) succeeded 19th Baron Grey of Ruthyn. Note. Many sources describe his death as 1779 which would be inconsistent with Henry Gould Yelverton 19th Baron Grey Ruthyn (age 18) succeeding.

On 22 Apr 1806 Maria Jane Bowes (age 38) died.

On 22 Apr 1810 Thomas Bateman (age 18) died unmarried.

On 22 Apr 1828 Marcia Charlotte Emma Cholmondeley (age 1) died.

On 14 Apr 1829 Captain George Marlay (age 81) died. On 22 Apr 1729 he was buried at St Mary's Church Twickenham, Richmond [Map].

On 22 Apr 1838 Henrietta Vernon Countess Warwick and Brooke (age 77) died.

On 22 Apr 1840 Barbara Maria Legge (age 48) died.

On 22 Apr 1840 Frederick Beauclerk (age 66) died.

On 22 Apr 1864 Emily Mary Evermy (age 75) died.

On 22 Apr 1886 Henry Morgan Vane (age 77) died.

On 22 Apr 1897 Elizabeth Sackville-West Duchess Bedford (age 78) died at Latimer House, Chesham. She was buried having been cremated at Bedford Chapel, St Michael's Church, Chenies.

On 22 Apr 1899 Charles William Custance (age 65) died.

On 22 Apr 1899 Mary Agnes Blanche Ashburnham (age 83) died.

On 22 Apr 1902 Philip Richard Morris (age 65) died.

On 22 Apr 1908 Edward Vesey Bligh (age 79) died at Fartherwell Hall, West Malling.

On 22 Apr 1911 Jacob "Jake" Wendell (age 42) died at his home 186 East 35th Street.

Before 22 Apr 1916 Reverend Thomas Thornhill Peyton (age 62) died.

On 22 Apr 1916 Thomas Peyton 5th Baronet (age 98) died. His son Algernon Francis Peyton 6th Baronet (age 60) succeeded 6th Baronet Peyton of Doddington.

On 22 Apr 1916 Aubrey Nelthorpe Beauclerk (age 37) died.

After 22 Apr 1916 Algernon Francis Peyton 6th Baronet (age 60) died. His son Algernon Peyton 7th Baronet (age 27) succeeded 7th Baronet Peyton of Doddington.

On 22 Apr 1925 Lucy Caroline Lyttelton (age 83) died at her home The Glebe, Penshurt.

On 22 Apr 1935 Compton Meade Domvile 4th Baronet (age 78) died unmarried. Baronet Domvile of Templeogue and Santry House in the County of Dublin extinct.

On 22 Apr 1947 Marian Ileene Mabel Hastings (age 51) died.

On 22 Apr 1952 Ismay Fitzroy (age 89) died.

On 22 Apr 1965 Victoria Alexandrina Stella Legge (age 79) died.

On 22 Apr 1971 Charles Portal (age 77) died.

On 22 Apr 1998 John Arscott Molesworth-St Aubyn 15th Baronet (age 71) committed suicide. His son William Molesworth-St Aubyn 16th Baronet (age 39) succeeded 16th Baronet Molesworth of Pencarrow in Cornwall.

The Independent of Ireland reported:

A MILLIONAIRE aristocrat killed himself after becoming depressed by the huge task of managing his country estates. Lieut-Col Sir Arscott Molesworth-St Aubyn, 71, shot himself in the butler's pantry at his Georgian mansion as his wife Lady Iona slept upstairs.

He had property worth an estimated £41m but struggled with the workload involved in generating enough income to keep 12-bedroom Pencarrow House, near Wadebridge, Cornwall, and its 1,500 acres.

An inquest heard how Sir Arscott and Lady Iona, 63, had battled for years to improve the estate, which he inherited 30 years ago. A suicide verdict was returned after a jury heard the baronet had a 14-year history of depression.