On this Day in History ... 22 July

22 Jul is in July.

1298 Battle of Falkirk

1470 Angers Agreement

1484 Battle of Lochmaben Fair

1528 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

1665 Great Plague of London

1812 Battle of Salamanca

After 22 Jul 1173 Stephen Ivrea II Count Auxonne died.

On 22 Jul 1240 John Lacy Earl Lincoln (age 48) died. His son Edmund Lacy 8th Baron Pontefract, 9th Baron Halton (age 10) succeeded 8th Baron Pontefract 1C 1068, 9th Baron Halton.

On 22 Jul 1249 Piers Mauley 1st Baron de Mauley was born to Piers Mauley (age 20) at Mulgrave Castle.

On 22 Jul 1274 Henry I King Navarre (age 30) died. His daughter Joan Blois I Queen Navarre (age 1) succeeded I Queen Navarre.

On 22 Jul 1280 Bishop Walter Branscombe (age 60) died at Bishopsteignton. He was buried in Exeter Cathedral [Map].

Battle of Falkirk

On 22 Jul 1298 King Edward "Longshanks" I of England (age 59) defeated the Scottish army led by William Wallace during the Battle of Falkirk at Falkirk [Map] using archers to firstly attack the Scottish shiltrons with the heavy cavalry with infantry completing the defeat.

John de Graham and John Stewart of Bonkyll (age 52) were killed.

The English were described in the Falkirk Roll that lists 111 men with their armorials including:

Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick (age 26).

Walter Beauchamp (age 55).

Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk (age 53).

Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford 2nd Earl Essex (age 49).

Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford (age 24).

Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester (age 37).

William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers of Groby (age 26).

Thomas Berkeley 6th and 1st Baron Berkeley (age 52).

Maurice Berkeley 7th and 2nd Baron Berkeley (age 27).

Henry Grey 1st Baron Grey of Codnor (age 43).

Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey of Wilton (age 58).

John Grey 2nd Baron Grey of Wilton (age 30).

John Mohun 1st Baron Dunster (age 29).

Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu (age 48).

Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March (age 11).

William Ros 1st Baron Ros Helmsley (age 43).

John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave (age 42).

Nicholas Segrave (age 42).

Robert de Vere 6th Earl of Oxford (age 41).

Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby (age 30).

Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, Earl of Salisbury and Lincoln (age 20).

Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster (age 17).

John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey (age 67).

Henry Percy 9th and 1st Baron Percy (age 25).

Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon (age 21).

Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel (age 31).

Henry Beaumont Earl Buchan (age 19).

John Capet II Duke Brittany (age 59).

Philip Darcy (age 40).

Robert Fitzroger.

Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter (age 51), or possiby a Roger Fitzwalter?.

Simon Fraser.

Aymer de Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke (age 23).

John Wake 1st Baron Wake of Liddell (age 30), and.

Henry Lacy 4th Earl Lincoln, Earl Salisbury (age 47).

William Scrope (age 53) was knighted.

John Moels 1st Baron Moels (age 29) fought.

John Lovell 1st Baron Lovel (age 44) fought.

On 22 Jul 1304 Adam Welles 3rd Baron Welles was born to Adam Welles 1st Baron Welles (age 55).

On 22 Jul 1403 Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick (age 21) was appointed 99th Knight of the Garter by Henry IV King England (age 36).


Chronicle of Gregory 1436. 22 Jul 1436. And on Mary Magdelene ys day the kyng (age 14) hylde hys counselle at Cauntyrbury [Map], whythe a grete party of hys lordys.

Angers Agreement

On 22 Jul 1470 Warwick the Kingmaker (age 41), King Henry VI of England and II of France (age 48) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England (age 40) signed the Angers Agreement at Angers Cathedral [Map]. The agreement had been brokered by King Louis XI of France (age 47). Edward of Westinster Prince of Wales (age 16) and Anne Neville Queen Consort England (age 14) were betrothed as part of the Agreement.

Battle of Lochmaben Fair

On 22 Jul 1484 William Douglas 4th Lord Drumlanrig was killed during the Battle of Lochmaben Fair. Note. Some sources report this as the Battle of Kirtie on 02 Jul 1484?

On 22 Jul 1484 James Douglas 9th Earl Douglas 3rd Earl Avondale (age 58) was captured during the Battle of Lochmaben Fair.

1528 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

Letters and Papers 1528. 22 Jul 1528. R. O. 4547. Magnus to Wolsey.

The King has written to my lord of Richmond for two stewardships in the Duke's gift by the death of Sir William Compton (deceased);—the one of Canforde and Corffe, and my Lord's lands in Dorsetshire, fee 100s.; the other of my Lord's lands in Somersetshire, fee £6 13s. 4d.;—which he wishes given to Sir Giles Strangwisshe (age 42) and Sir Edw. Seymour (age 28). The King's letters mention only the first office, which cannot well be given to two persons. Sir Edw. Seymour (age 28) writes that both are intended for him. My Lord, however, had already given the stewardship of Canford and Corffe to Sir Will. Parre (age 45), his chamberlain, and of the Somersetshire lands to Geo. Cotton (age 23). Encloses copy of my Lord's letter. The sweating sickness is bad in these parts, and has carried off two of Mr. Holgill's company, the surveyor of Wolsey's lands, who was at Beverley. The Duke (age 9) has removed hither from Pontefract. Sheriff Hutton [Map], 22 July. Signed.

P. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate. Endd.

Letters and Papers 1528. 22 Jul 1528. R. O. 4546. Hennege to Wolsey.

This day I received your letter, with one to the chapter of Lincoln, in favor of my brother, the archdeacon of Oxford, for the deanery of Lincoln; which, without your aid, had not taken effect. As the plague is at Grafton [Map], the King will not go there. As for your wish that Wilson should have some promotion, the King is in doubt whether he shall give the archdeaconry of Oxford to Mr. Wilson or Dr. Bell. The King cannot write, in consequence of his head, and begs you will send him the presentation of the prebend of Ripon, as you promised him. The vicarage you gave to Dr. Wilson was resigned to Dr. Daycots for a pension five years ago. The King wishes you to dispatch the earl of Angus's servant. He will not fail to send you "these letters of Ireland" in two or three days, but his head is not the best, or he would have dispatched them now. He desires you to be good lord to his barber Penne, for the daughter and ward unto your Grace, of one Chevall, within the liberties of St. Alban's, for his money. It is not in value above £12 a year, her father hath tangled it so, and laid it to mortgage for £60. Cade can inform you of the truth. Ampthill [Map], 22 July, about 7 in the afternoon. Signed.

Pp. 2. Add. Endd. Wolsey has written at the back "intangellyd."

Before 22 Jul 1552 Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague (age 23) and Jane Radclyffe were married. She the daughter of Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex and Margaret Stanley Countess Sussex. They were third cousin once removed. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III of England.


On 22 Jul 1581 Bishop Richard Cox (age 88) died.

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On 22 Jul 1624 Mervyn Tuchet 2nd Earl Castlehaven (age 31) and Anne Stanley Countess Castlehaven (age 44) were married at Harefield. She by marriage Countess Castlehaven. She the daughter of Ferdinando Stanley 5th Earl of Derby and Alice Spencer Countess Derby (age 75). He the son of George Tuchet 1st Earl Castlehaven and Lucy Mervyn Baroness Audley and Tuchet. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

Great Plague of London

Pepy's Diary. 22 Jul 1665. Back to White Hall, and by and by comes the Duke of Albemarle (age 56), and there, after a little discourse, I by coach home, not meeting with but two coaches, and but two carts from White Hall to my own house, that I could observe; and the streets mighty thin of people. I met this noon with Dr. Burnett, who told me, and I find in the newsbook this week that he posted upon the 'Change [Map], that whoever did spread the report that, instead of the plague, his servant was by him killed, it was forgery, and shewed me the acknowledgment of the master of the pest-house, that his servant died of a bubo on his right groine, and two spots on his right thigh, which is the plague.

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Evelyn's Diary. 22 Jul 1666. Our parish still infected with the contagion.

Evelyn's Diary. 22 Jul 1674. I went to Windsor [Map] with my wife (age 39) and son (age 19) to see my daughter Mary (age 9), who was there with my Lady Tuke and to do my duty to his Majesty (age 44). Next day, to a great entertainment at Sir Robert Holmes's (age 52) at Cranbourne Lodge, Windsor, in the Forest; there were his Majesty (age 44), the Queen (age 35), Duke (age 40), Duchess (age 15), and all the Court. I returned in the evening with Sir Joseph Williamson (age 40), now declared Secretary of State. He was son of a poor clergyman somewhere in Cumberland, brought up at Queen's College, Oxford, of which he came to be a fellow; then traveled with ... and returning when the King (age 44) was restored, was received as a clerk under Mr. Secretary Nicholas. Sir Henry Bennett (age 56) (now Lord Arlington) succeeding, Williamson is transferred to him, who loving his ease more than business (though sufficiently able had he applied himself to it) remitted all to his man Williamson; and, in a short time, let him so into the secret of affairs, that (as his Lordship himself told me) there was a kind of necessity to advance him; and so, by his subtlety, dexterity, and insinuation, he got now to be principal Secretary; absolutely Lord Arlington's creature, and ungrateful enough. It has been the fate of this obliging favorite to advance those who soon forgot their original. Sir Joseph was a musician, could play at Jeu de Goblets, exceedingly formal, a severe master to his servants, but so inward with my Henry O'Brien (age 32), that after a few months of that gentleman's death, he married his Katherine Stewart (age 34), who, being sister and heir of the Duke of Richmond, brought him a noble fortune. It was thought they lived not so kindly after marriage as they did before. She was much censured for marrying so meanly, being herself allied to the Royal family.

On 22 Jul 1716 William Molyneux 4th Viscount Molyneux (age 61) and Mary Skelton Viscountess Molyneux were married. She by marriage Viscountess Molyneux.

On 22 Jul 1719 Heneage Finch 1st Earl Aylesford (age 70) died. His son Heneage Finch 2nd Earl Aylesford (age 36) succeeded 2nd Earl Aylesford. Mary Fisher Countess Aylesford (age 29) by marriage Countess Aylesford.


On 22 Jul 1734 Peter King 1st Baron King (age 65) died in Ockham, Surrey. His son John King 2nd Baron King (age 28) succeeded 2nd Baron King.


On 22 Jul 1737 Charles Compton 7th Earl of Northampton was born to Charles Compton (age 45) and Mary Lucy (age 27).

After 22 Jul 1779. Church of St Michael and All Angels Edenham [Map]. Monument to Peregrine Bertie 3rd Duke Ancaster and Kesteven and Robert Bertie 4th Duke Ancaster and Kesteven (deceased). On the south side by Charles Harris (age 30). Pointed back panel of black marble before which is a carving of the deceased seated in ducal robes, holding a cameo of the Duchess, beside him stands the fourth Duke (deceased) in Roman dress. The figures are flanked by urns. The base is carved with flutes and paterae and to the centre are bronze plates bearing the memorial inscription.

Mary Panton Duchess Ancaster and Kesteven: She was born to Thomas Panton of Newmarket. On 27 Nov 1750 Peregrine Bertie 3rd Duke Ancaster and Kesteven (age 36) and she were married. She by marriage Duchess Ancaster and Kesteven. He the son of Peregrine Bertie 2nd Duke Ancaster and Kesteven and Jane Brownlow Duchess Ancaster and Kesteven. On 19 Oct 1793 she died.

On 22 Jul 1795 Robert Dillon 1st Baron Clonbrook (age 41) died at Clonbrook, County Galway. His son Luke Dillon 2nd Baron Clonbrook (age 15) succeeded 2nd Baron Clonbrook.

Battle of Salamanca

On 22 Jul 1812 the Battle of Salamanca was fought at which an Anglo-Portuguese army under the Earl of Wellington (age 43) defeated Marshal Auguste Marmont's French forces at Arapiles.

Brother General Thomas Bradford (age 34) and Lieutentant-Colonel Henry Hollis Bradford (age 31) fought.

Major-General John Le Marchant (age 46) was killed in action. Wellington is reported as saying to Le Marchant that he must take the first favourable opportunity to engage the enemy's infantry, "You must then charge at all hazards" was his final instruction. Following up the attack of the 5th Infantry Division Le Marchant led the 3rd and 4th Dragoons and the 5th Dragoon Guards in what was probably the most destructive charge made by a single brigade of cavalry in the whole Napoleonic period. The left wing of the French army were on the point of being defeated by the 3rd and 5th divisions of Anglo-Portuguese infantry when Le Marchant's dragoons charged in and destroyed battalion after battalion. Many of the French infantrymen sought the protection of the British infantry to escape the sabres of the dragoons. Le Marchant, knowing he had achieved a magnificent success, was leading a squadron against the last of the formed French infantry when he was shot and his spine broken. See Fletcher's "Galloping at Everything: The British Cavalry in the Peninsula and at Waterloo 1808-15". Spellmount, Staplehurst. ISBN 1-86227-016-3. 1999, pp. 185–188.

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On 22 Jul 1824 Philip Hamond of High House in West Acre in Norfolk (age 42) died. On 30 Nov 1847 Anne Packe (age 70) died. Memorial in All Saints Church, West Acre [Map].

Philip Hamond of High House in West Acre in Norfolk: Around 1782 he was born to Anthony Hamond of High House in West Acre (age 40). On 01 Mar 1803 Philip Hamond of High House in West Acre in Norfolk (age 21) and Anne Packe (age 26) were married.

Anne Packe: Around 1777 she was born to Charles James Packe of Prestwold in Leicestershire.


Before 22 Jul 1835 William David Murray 4th and 3rd Earl Mansfield (age 29) and Louisa Ellison were married. He the son of David William Murray 3rd Earl of Mansfield (age 58) and Frederica Markham Countess Mansfield (age 61).

On 22 Jul 1842 Henry Weysford Charles Plantagenet Rawdon-Hastings 4th Marquess Hastings was born to George Augustus Francis Rawdon-Hastings 2nd Marquess Hastings (age 34) and Barbara Yelverton Marchioness Hastings (age 32).

After 22 Jul 1844. St Chad's Church, Longford [Map]. Monument to Anne Amelia Keppel Countess Leicester (deceased). White marble with relief carving of angels probably sculpted by John Gibson (age 54).

Anne Amelia Keppel Countess Leicester: In 1803 she was born to William Charles Keppel 4th Earl Albermarle (age 30) and Elizabeth Southwell Countess Albermarle. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland. In 1822 Thomas Coke 1st Earl of Leicester (age 67) and Anne Amelia Keppel Countess Leicester (age 19) were married. The difference in their ages was 48 years. She the daughter of William Charles Keppel 4th Earl Albermarle (age 49) and Elizabeth Southwell Countess Albermarle. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland. In 1837 Thomas Coke 1st Earl of Leicester (age 82) was created 1st Earl of Leicester 7C 1837. Anne Amelia Keppel Countess Leicester (age 34) by marriage Countess of Leicester. On 22 Jul 1844 Anne Amelia Keppel Countess Leicester (age 41) died.

On 22 Jul 1845 William Bateman-Hanbury 1st Baron Bateman (age 65) died. His son William Bateman-Hanbury 2nd Baron Bateman (age 18) succeeded 2nd Baron Bateman of Shobdon.

On 22 Jul 1846 Algernon St Maur 15th Duke Somerset was born to Algernon St Maur 14th Duke Somerset (age 32) and Horatia Isabella Harriet Morier Duchess Somerset (age 26).

PAINTINGS/PORTANA/Carlos_Maria_Bourbon.jpgBefore 22 Jul 1850 Vicente López Portaña 1772-1850. Portrait of Francisco Goya.

On 22 Jul 1852 William Drogo Montagu 7th Duke Manchester (age 28) and Louisa Vonalten Duchess Devonshire and Manchester (age 20) were married at Hanover Lower Saxony. He the son of George Montagu 6th Duke Manchester (age 53) and Millicent Sparrow Duchess Manchester.

On 22 Jul 1869 Cecil George Savile Foljambe 1st Earl Liverpool (age 22) and Louise Blanche Howard (age 27) were married.

On 22 Jul 1869 Augustus Gough-Calthorpe 6th Baron Calthorpe (age 39) and Maud Augusta Louisa Duncombe (age 19) were married. The difference in their ages was 20 years. They were half second cousin twice removed.

On 22 Jul 1894 Thomas Taylour 3rd Marquess of Headfort (age 71) died.

On 22 Jul 1896 Brian Robertson 1st Baron Robertson of Oakridge was born to Field Marshal William Robertson 1st Baronet (age 36).

On 22 Jul 1909 Reverend George Halliley Capron of Southwick (age 92) died. Memorial in Church of St Rumbold, Stoke Doyle [Map] by Fisher of Leicester.

Reverend George Halliley Capron of Southwick: On 23 Nov 1816 he was born to George Capron of Southwick (age 34).

After 22 Jul 1932. Durham Cathedral [Map]. Memorial in the South Cloister to John Meade Falkner (deceased).

On 22 Jul 1942 Michael Abney-Hastings 14th Earl of Loudoun was born to Captain Walter Strickland Lord (age 38) and Barbara Abney-Hastings 13th Countess of Loudoun (age 23).