On this Day in History ... 25th January

25 Jan is in January.

1164 Constitutions of Clarendon

1308 Marriage of King Edward II and Isabella of France

1327 Abdication of Edward II

1494 Ferdinand I King Naples Dies Alfonso II King Naples Succeeds

1533 Marriage of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn

1536 Funeral of Catherine of Aragon

1667 Poll Bill

1679 Long Parliament

1807 Abolition of the Slave Trade

1858 Marriage of the future King Frederick III King Prussia and Victoria Saxe Coburg Gotha

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 25th January

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 25 Jan 1129. This same year died the Bishop William Giffard of Winchester; and was there buried, on the eighth day before the calends of February. And the King Henry (age 61) gave the bishopric after Michaelmas to the Abbot Henry of Glastonbury, his nephew, and he was consecrated bishop by the Archbishop William of Canterbury (age 59) on the fifteenth day before the calends of December.

On 25 Jan 1164 King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England (age 30) attempted to constrain ecclesiastical privileges by the sixteen articles of the Constitutions of Clarendon. Archbishop Thomas Becket (age 44) rejected the articles.

On 25 Jan 1308 King Edward II of England (age 23) and Isabella of France Queen Consort England (age 13) were married at Boulogne sur Mer [Map]. She the daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France (age 39) and Joan Blois I Queen Navarre. He the son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England. They were second cousin once removed. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

On 25 Jan 1327 King Edward II of England (age 42) abdicated II King England. His son King Edward III of England (age 14) succeeded III King England.

On 25 or 26 Jan 1431 Bishop Richard Fleming (age 46) died. He was buried at Lincoln Cathedral [Map] where he has a Chantrey Chapel with an effigy above and cadaver beneath.

Bishop Richard Fleming: Around 1385 he was born. On 20 Nov 1419 Bishop Richard Fleming was nominated by papal provision to be Bishop of Lincoln. On 28 Apr 1420 Bishop Richard Fleming was consecrated Bishop of Lincoln by by Martin V in Florence.

On 25 Jan 1477 (possibly 26th) Anne of Brittany Queen Consort France was born to Francis Montfort II Duke Brittany (age 43) and Marguerite Foix Duchess Brittany (age 28).

On 25 Jan 1494 Ferdinand I King Naples (age 70) died. His son Alfonso II King Naples (age 45) succeeded II King Naples.

On 25 Jan 1502 Patrick Hepburn 1st Earl Bothwell (age 50) stood proxy for King James IV of Scotland (age 28) at the betrothal with Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland (age 12).

On 25 Jan 1533 Henry VIII (age 41) and Queen Anne Boleyn of England (age 32) were married by Rowland Leigh Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield (age 46) at Whitehall Palace [Map]. Anne Savage Baroness Berkeley (age 37), Thomas Heneage (age 53) and Henry Norreys (age 51) witnessed. She the daughter of Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde (age 56) and Elizabeth Howard Countess of Wiltshire and Ormonde (age 53). He the son of King Henry VII of England and Ireland and Elizabeth York Queen Consort England.

Sometime after the marriage Eleanor Paston Countess Rutland (age 38) was appointed Lady in Waiting to Queen Anne Boleyn of England (age 32). She would go to serve Henry's next three wives.

Letters 1536. Vienna Archives. 284. Death and Burial of Katharine of Arragon.

The good Queen (deceased) died in a few days, of God knows what illness, on Friday, 7 Jan. 1536. Next day her body was taken into the Privy Chamber and placed under the canopy of State (sous le dhoussier et drapt destat), where it rested seven days, without any other solemnity than four flambeaux continually burning. During this time a leaden coffin was prepared, in which the body was enclosed on Saturday, the 15th, and borne to the chapel. The vigils of the dead were said the same day, and next day one mass and no more, without any other light than six torches of rosin. On Sunday, the 16th, the body was removed again into the Privy Chamber, where it remained till Saturday following. Meanwhile an "estalage," which we call a chapelle ardente, was arranged, with 56 wax candles in all, and the house hung with two breadths of the lesser frieze of the country. On Saturday, the 22nd, it was again brought to the chapel, and remained until the masses of Thursday following, during which time solemn masses were said in the manner of the country, at which there assisted by turns as principals the Duchess of Suffolk (age 16), the Countess of Worcester (age 34), the young Countess of Oxford (age 18), the Countess of Surrey (age 19), and Baronesses Howard (age 21), Willoughby (age 24), Bray, and Gascon (sic).

25 Jan 1536. On Tuesday1 following, as they were beginning mass, four banners of crimson taffeta were brought, two of which bore the arms of the Queen, one those of England, with three "lambeaulx blancs," which they say are of Prince Arthur; the fourth had the two, viz., of Spain and England, together. There were also four great golden [standards]. On one was painted the Trinity, on the second Our Lady, on the third St. Katharine, and on the fourth St. George; and by the side of these representations the said arms were depicted in the above order; and in like manner the said arms were simply, and without gilding (? dourance), painted and set over all the house, and above them a simple crown, distinguished from that of the kingdom which is closed. On Wednesday after the robes of the Queen's 10 ladies were completed, who had not till then made any mourning, except with kerchiefs on their heads and old robes. This day, at dinner, the countess of Surrey held state, who at the vigils after dinner was chief mourner. On Thursday, after mass, which was no less solemn than the vigils of the day before, the body was carried from the chapel and put on a waggon, to be conveyed not to one of the convents of the Observant Friars, as the Queen had desired before her death, but at the pleasure of the King, her husband, to the Benedictine Abbey of Peterborough, and they departed in the following order:—First, 16 priests or clergymen in surplices went on horseback, without saying a word, having a gilded laten cross borne before them; after them several gentlemen, of whom there were only two of the house, "et le demeurant estoient tous emprouvez," and after them followed the maître d'hotel and chamberlain, with their rods of office in their hands; and, to keep them in order, went by their sides 9 or 10 heralds, with mourning hoods and wearing their coats of arms; after them followed 50 servants of the aforesaid gentlemen, bearing torches and "bâtons allumés," which lasted but a short time, and in the middle of them was drawn a waggon, upon which the body was drawn by six horses all covered with black cloth to the ground. The said waggon was covered with black velvet, in the midst of which was a great silver cross; and within, as one looked upon the corpse, was stretched a cloth of gold frieze with a cross of crimson velvet, and before and behind the said waggon stood two gentlemen ushers with mourning hoods looking into the waggon, round which the said four banners were carried by four heralds and the standards with the representations by four gentlemen. Then followed seven ladies, as chief mourners, upon hackneys, that of the first being harnessed with black velvet and the others with black cloth. After which ladies followed the waggon of the Queen's gentlemen; and after them, on hackneys, came nine ladies, wives of knights. Then followed the waggon of the Queen's chambermaids; then her maids to the number of 36, and in their wake followed certain servants on horseback.

In this order the royal corpse was conducted for nine miles of the country, i.e., three French leagues, as far as the abbey of Sautry [Map], where the abbot and his monks received it and placed it under a canopy in the choir of the church, under an "estalage" prepared for it, which contained 408 candles, which burned during the vigils that day and next day at mass. Next day a solemn mass was chanted in the said abbey of Sautry [Map], by the Bishop of Ely, during which in the middle of the church 48 torches of rosin were carried by as many poor men, with mourning hoods and garments. After mass the body was borne in the same order to the abbey of Peterborough, where at the door of the church it was honorably received by the bishops of Lincoln, Ely, and Rochester, the Abbot of the place, and the abbots of Ramsey, Crolain (Crowland), Tournan (Thorney), Walden and Thaem (Tame), who, wearing their mitres and hoods, accompanied it in procession till it was placed under the chapelle ardente which was prepared for it there, upon eight pillars of beautiful fashion and roundness, upon which were placed about 1,000 candles, both little and middle-sized, and round about the said chapel 18 banners waved, of which one bore the arms of the Emperor, a second those of England, with those of the King's mother, prince Arthur, the Queen of Portugal, sister of the deceased, Spain, Arragon, and Sicily, and those of Spain and England with three "lambeaulx," those of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster, who married the daughter of Peter the Cruel, viz., "le joux des beufz," the bundle of Abbot of arrows, the pomegranate (granade), the lion and the greyhound. Likewise there were a great number of little pennons, in which were portrayed the devices of king Ferdinand, father of the deceased, and of herself; and round about the said chapel, in great gold letters was written, as the device of the said good lady, "Humble et loyale." Solemn vigils were said that day, and on the morrow the three masses by three bishops: the first by the Bishop of Rochester, with the Abbot of Thame as deacon, and the Abbot of Walden as sub-deacon; the second by the Bishop of Ely, with the Abbot of Tournay (Thorney) as deacon, and the Abbot of Peterborough as sub-deacon; the third by the Bishop of  Lincoln (age 63), with the Bishop of Llandaff as deacon, and that of Ely as sub-deacon; the other bishops and abbots aforesaid assisting at the said masses in their pontificals, so the ceremony was very sumptuous. The chief mourner was lady Eleanor (age 17), daughter of the Duke of Suffolk (age 52) and the French Queen, and niece of King Henry, widower now of the said good Queen. She was conducted to the offering by the Comptroller and Mr. Gust (Gostwick), new receiver of the moneys the King takes from the Church. Immediately after the offering was completed the Bishop of Rochester preached the same as all the preachers of England for two years have not ceased to preach, viz., against the power of the Pope, whom they call Bishop of Rome, and against the marriage of the said good Queen and the King, alleging against all truth that in the hour of death she acknowledged she had not been Queen of England. I say against all truth, because at that hour she ordered a writing to be made in her name addressed to the King as her husband, and to the ambassador of the Emperor, her nephew, which she signed with these words—Katharine, Queen of England—commending her ladies and servants to the favor of the said ambassador. At the end of the mass all the mourning ladies offered in the hands of the heralds each three ells in three pieces of cloth of gold which were upon the body, and of this "accoutrements" will be made for the chapel where the annual service will be performed for her. After the mass the body was buried in a grave at the lowest step of the high altar, over which they put a simple black cloth. In this manner was celebrated the funeral of her who for 27 years has been true Queen of England, whose holy soul, as every one must believe, is in eternal rest, after worldly misery borne by her with such patience that there is little need to pray God for her; to whom, nevertheless, we ought incessantly to address prayers for the weal (salut) of her living image whom she has left to us, the most virtuous Princess her daughter, that He may comfort her in her great and infinite adversities, and give her a husband to his pleasure, &c. Fr., from a modern copy, pp. 6.

Note 1. This would be Tuesday, 1 Feb., if the chronology were strict; but the latest Tuesday that can be intended is 25 Jan.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 25 Jan 1555. [The xxv day of January, being saint Paul's day, was a general procession of saint Paul by every parish, both priests and clarkes, in copes to the number of a hundred and sixty, singing Salve festa dies, with ninety crosses borne. The procession was through Cheap into Leadenhall. And before went the] chyldryn of the Gray-frers and Powlles skolle. [There were eight bishops, and the] bysshope of London myteryd, bayryng the sacre[ment, with .. eym] of torchys bornyng, and a canepe borne [over]; so a-bowtt the chyrch-yerde, and in at the west dore, [with the] lord mayre and the althermen, and all the craftes in ther best leverays. And with-in a wylle after the Kyng (age 27) cam, and my lord cardenall (age 54), and the prynsse of Pyamon (age 26), and dyvers lordes and knyghtes; thay hard masse, and after to the court to dener, and at nyght bone-fyres and grett ryngyng in evere [church].

On 25 Jan 1559 Christian II King Denmark II King Norway (age 77) died.

Pepy's Diary. 25 Jan 1667. This afternoon I saw the Poll Bill, now printed; wherein I do fear I shall be very deeply concerned, being to be taxed for all my offices, and then for my money that I have, and my title, as well as my head. It is a very great tax; but yet I do think it is so perplexed, it will hardly ever be collected duly. The late invention of Sir G. Downing's (age 42) is continued of bringing all the money into the Exchequer; and Sir G. Carteret's (age 57) three pence is turned for all the money of this act into but a penny per pound, which I am sorry for.

Evelyn's Diary. 25 Jan 1679. The Long Parliament, which had sat ever since the Restoration, was dissolved by persuasion of the Lord Treasurer (age 46), though divers of them were believed to be his pensioner. At this, all the politicians were at a stand, they being very eager in pursuit of the late plot of the Papists.

On 25 Jan 1708 Pompeo Batoni was born.

On 25 Jan 1733 Gilbert Heathcote 1st Baronet (age 81) died. His son John Heathcote 2nd Baronet (age 44) succeeded 2nd Baronet Heathcote of London. Monument in St Mary's Church, Edith Weston, Rutlandshire [Map]. Sculpted by John Michael Rysbrack (age 38).

Gilbert Heathcote 1st Baronet: On 02 Jan 1652 he was born to Gilbert Heathcote and Ann Dickens at Chesterfield. In 1711 Gilbert Heathcote 1st Baronet was elected Lord Mayor of London. On 17 Jan 1733 Gilbert Heathcote 1st Baronet was created 1st Baronet Heathcote of London.

John Heathcote 2nd Baronet: In 1689 he was born to Gilbert Heathcote 1st Baronet. In 1720 John Heathcote 2nd Baronet and Bridget White Lady Heathcote were married. She by marriage Lady Heathcote of London. On 09 Feb 1733 he was appointed MP Bodmin.

On 25 Mar 1807 the Slave Trade Act received Royal Assent. The Act prohibited the slave trade in the British Empire. The Bill was first introduced to Parliament in January 1807. It went to the House of Commons on 10 Feb 1807. After a debate lasting ten hours, the House agreed to the second reading of the bill to abolish the Atlantic slave trade by an overwhelming 283 votes for to 16. The Act took effect on 01 May 1807.

The last legal slave voyage was that of Kitty's Amelia which sailed on 27 Jul 1807 having received permission to sale on 27 Apr 1807 before the Act came into force. Kitty's Amelia arrived with 233 slaves at Jamaica 25 Jan 1808.

On 25 Jan 1816 Paulina Jermyn Lady Trevelyan was born to George Bitton Jermyn of Hawkedon Parsonage (age 27).

On 25 Jan 1828 Charles Allston Collins was born to William Collins (age 40).

On 25 Jan 1841 John "Jacky" Fisher 1st Baron Fisher was born to Captain William Fisher (age 29) and Sophie Lambe (age 20) on the Wavendon Estate at Ramboda, Ceylon. He was the eldest of eleven children, of whom only seven survived infancy.

On 25 Jan 1858 Frederick III King Prussia (age 26) and Victoria Empress Germany Queen Consort Prussia (age 17) were married in the Chapel Royal, St James's Palace. She the daughter of Prince Albert Saxe Coburg Gotha (age 38) and Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom (age 38). He the son of William I King Prussia (age 60). He a great x 4 grandson of King George I of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 25 Jan 1893 Frederick Charles I King Finland (age 24) and Margaret Hohenzollern (age 20) were married. She the daughter of Frederick III King Prussia and Victoria Empress Germany Queen Consort Prussia (age 52). He a great x 3 grandson of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland. She a granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

On 25 Jan 1896 Frederick Leighton (age 65) died. Baron Leighton of Stretton in Shropshire and Baronet Leighton of Holland Park Road in St Mary Abbots in Kensington in Middlesex extinct. He left Ada Alice "Dorothy Dene" Pullen (age 37) £5,000, plus another £5,000 in trust for herself and her sisters; the largest bequest he made.

25 Jan 1918. All Saints Church, Sudbury [Map]. Grave of William Tildsley Groom in the Service of Her Majesty the Queen Dowager who was accidentally killed in the incautious use of a gun aged twenty-one.

After 25 Jan 1951. St Bartholemew's Church, Tong [Map]. Memorial to Charles Arthur Mander 2nd Baronet (deceased) and Monica Claire Neame (age 62).

Charles Arthur Mander 2nd Baronet: On 25 Jun 1884 he was born to Charles Tertius Mander 1st Baronet. Before 25 Jan 1951 Charles Arthur Mander 2nd Baronet and Monica Claire Neame were married. On 25 Jan 1951 Charles Arthur Mander 2nd Baronet died.

Monica Claire Neame: On 12 Apr 1888 she was born to George Harding Neame. On 28 Feb 1964 she died.

Births on the 25th January

On 25 Jan 1306 John Strange 2nd Baron Strange Blackmere was born to Fulk Strange 1st Baron Strange Blackmere (age 39) and Eleanor Giffard Baroness Strange Blackmere at Longnor, Shropshire. He a great x 3 grandson of King John "Lackland" of England.

On 25 Jan 1477 (possibly 26th) Anne of Brittany Queen Consort France was born to Francis Montfort II Duke Brittany (age 43) and Marguerite Foix Duchess Brittany (age 28).

On 25 Jan 1487 Rhys Mansel was born.

On 25 Jan 1526 Duke Adolph Oldenburg of Holstein-Gotorp was born to King Frederick I of Denmark (age 54) and Sophie of Pomerania Queen Consort of Denmark and Sweden (age 28).

On 25 Jan 1560 John Seymour was born to Henry Seymour (age 57).

On 25 Jan 1567 Margaret Habsburg Spain was born to Maximilian Habsburg Spain II Holy Roman Emperor (age 39) and Maria of Spain Holy Roman Empress (age 38). Coefficient of inbreeding 10.03%.

On 25 Jan 1583 James Christopher Allen was born to Christopher Allen (age 22) in Kingsclere, Hampshire.

On or before 25 Jan 1623 Henry Johnson was born. He was baptised on 25 Jan 1623.

On 25 Jan 1626 Edward Evelyn 1st Baronet was born to Thomas Evelyn (age 38).

On 25 Jan 1674 Norton Modyford 4th Baronet was born to Charles Modyford 3rd Baronet (age 33) and Mary Norton Lady Modyford (age 23).

On 25 Jan 1708 Pompeo Batoni was born.

On 25 Jan 1719 Sophia Dorothea Hohenzollern was born to Frederick William "Soldier King" I King Prussia (age 30) and Sophia Dorothea Hanover Queen Consort Prussia (age 31). She a granddaughter of King George I of Great Britain and Ireland. Coefficient of inbreeding 8.31%.

On 25 Jan 1726 Francis Willoughby 3rd Baron Middleton was born to Francis Willoughby 2nd Baron Middleton (age 33) and Mary Edwards Baroness Middleton.

On 25 Jan 1727 Thomas Spencer Wilson 6th Baronet was born to Thomas Wilson 4th Baronet (age 45). His forenames Thomas and Spencer from his godfathers Thomas Pelham Holles 1st Duke Newcastle-under-Lyme (age 33) and Spencer Compton 1st Earl Wilmington (age 54).

On 25 Jan 1730 Christian Franz Saxe Coburg Saalfeld was born to Francis Josias Saxe Coburg Saalfeld Duke Saxe Coburg Saalfeld (age 32) and Duchess Anna Sophie Of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (age 29) at Coburg. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.37%.

On 25 Jan 1738 Francis Roper was born to Henry Roper 10th Baron Teynham (age 30).

On 25 Jan 1754 Robert Lindsay was born to James Lindsay 5th Earl Balcarres (age 62) and Anne Dalrymple Countess Balcarres (age 27).

On 25 Jan 1764 John Clifton was born to Thomas Clifton (age 35) and Jane Bertie (age 34).

On 25 Jan 1770 Francis Burdett 5th Baronet was born to Francis Burdett (age 26) and Eleanor Jones.

On 25 Jan 1771 Henry Vane-Tempest 2nd Baronet was born to Henry Vane 1st Baronet (age 43) and Frances Tempest (age 30).

On 25 Jan 1774 Nathaniel Micklethwait was born.

On 25 Jan 1780 Sophia Courtenay was born to William Courtenay 8th Earl Devon (age 37) and Frances Clack Countess Devon.

On 25 Jan 1783 Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Amcotts was born to John Cracroft.

On 25 Jan 1788 Thomas Benson Cheney was born to John Cheney (age 22) at Anne Arundel County Maryland.

On 25 Jan 1797 John Stuart 12th Earl of Moray was born to Francis Stuart 10th Earl of Moray (age 25) and Lucy Scott (age 21).

On 25 Jan 1798 Millicent Sparrow Duchess Manchester was born to Brigadier-General Robert Bernard Sparrow (age 25) and Olivia Acheson (age 20).

On 25 Jan 1800 Janet Barnes was born to John Barnes (age 30).

On 25 Jan 1801 Georgiana Fane was born to John Fane 10th Earl of Westmoreland (age 41) and Jane Huck Saunders Countess of Westmoreland (age 18).

On 25 Jan 1807 Arthur Lascelles was born to Henry Lascelles 2nd Earl Harewood (age 39) and Henrietta Sebright Countess Harewood.

On 25 Jan 1810 Charles John Murray was born to David William Murray 3rd Earl of Mansfield (age 32) and Frederica Markham Countess Mansfield (age 36).

On 25 Jan 1816 Paulina Jermyn Lady Trevelyan was born to George Bitton Jermyn of Hawkedon Parsonage (age 27).

On 25 Jan 1817 Captain Augustus Thomas Hotham was born to Reverend Frederick Hotham (age 43) and Anne Elizabeth Hodges (age 35).

On 25 Jan 1820 Alexander James Beresford-Hope was born to Thomas Hope (age 50).

On 25 Jan 1828 Charles Allston Collins was born to William Collins (age 40).

On 25 Jan 1830 Frederick Martin Williams 2nd Baronet was born to William Williams 1st Baronet (age 38) and Caroline Eales.

On 25 Jan 1841 John "Jacky" Fisher 1st Baron Fisher was born to Captain William Fisher (age 29) and Sophie Lambe (age 20) on the Wavendon Estate at Ramboda, Ceylon. He was the eldest of eleven children, of whom only seven survived infancy.

On 25 Jan 1858 Charles Frederick Heneage Bagot was born to Reverend Charles Walter Bagot (age 45).

On 25 Jan 1859 Lionel Cust was born to Reginald Cust (age 31) and Elizabeth Caroline Bligh (age 29).

On 25 Jan 1860 Victoria Friederike Oldenburg Duchess Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Glücksburg was born to Frederick Christian Oldenburg II Duke Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg (age 30) and Adelheid Hohenlohe Langenburg Duchess Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg at Augustenborg.

On 25 Jan 1862 Henry Walter Barnett was born.

On 25 Jan 1872 Charles Henry Chandos Henniker-Major 6th Baron Henniker was born to John Major Henniker-Major 5th Baron Henniker (age 29) and Alice Mary Cuffe Baroness Henniker (age 27).

On 25 Jan 1874 William John Henry Brodrick was born to Alan Brodrick (age 34).

On 25 Jan 1882 Lionel Nathan de Rothschild was born to Leopold de Rothschild (age 36).

On 25 Jan 1908 Joan Verena Lloyd-Verney was born to Harry Lloyd Verney (age 36) and Joan Elizabeth Mary Cuffe.

On 25 Jan 1950 Phil Harding was born.

Marriages on the 25th January

On 25 Jan 1016 Renauld I Count of Nevers (age 11) and Hedwig Capet Couness Nevers (age 13) were married. She the daughter of Robert "Pious" II King France (age 43) and Constance Arles Queen Consort France (age 30).

On 25 Jan 1308 King Edward II of England (age 23) and Isabella of France Queen Consort England (age 13) were married at Boulogne sur Mer [Map]. She the daughter of Philip "The Fair" IV King France (age 39) and Joan Blois I Queen Navarre. He the son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England. They were second cousin once removed. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

Before 25 Jan 1350 John Douglas of Lothian (age 47) and Agnes Graham (age 42) were married.

After 25 Jan 1410 William Eure (age 14) and Maud Fitzhugh (age 19) were married. She the daughter of Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh (age 52) and Elizabeth Grey Baroness Fitzhugh (age 46).

On 25 Jan 1412 Ernest "The Iron" Habsburg I Duke Austria (age 35) and Cymburgis Masovia Duchess Austria (age 18) were married. She by marriage Duchess Austria. He the son of Leopold "The Just" Habsburg III Duke Austria and Viridis Visconti Duchess Austria (age 60).

After 25 Jan 1433 and before 30 Dec 1448 Robert Ros (age 54) and Anne Halsham were married. He a great x 4 grandson of King Henry III of England.

Before 25 Jan 1533 Edward D'Oyley (age 68) and Anne Cotton were married. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 25 Jan 1533 Henry VIII (age 41) and Queen Anne Boleyn of England (age 32) were married by Rowland Leigh Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield (age 46) at Whitehall Palace [Map]. Anne Savage Baroness Berkeley (age 37), Thomas Heneage (age 53) and Henry Norreys (age 51) witnessed. She the daughter of Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde (age 56) and Elizabeth Howard Countess of Wiltshire and Ormonde (age 53). He the son of King Henry VII of England and Ireland and Elizabeth York Queen Consort England.

Sometime after the marriage Eleanor Paston Countess Rutland (age 38) was appointed Lady in Waiting to Queen Anne Boleyn of England (age 32). She would go to serve Henry's next three wives.

On or after 25 Jan 1642, the date of the License, Ellis Crispe (age 23) and Anne Strode were married. They were uncle and niece.

On 25 Jan 1660 John Northcote (age 30) and Catherine Foljambe were married.

On 25 Jan 1670 John Cecil 4th Earl Exeter (age 42) and Mary Fane Countess Exeter (age 31) were married. She by marriage Countess Exeter. She the daughter of Mildmay Fane 2nd Earl of Westmoreland and Mary Vere Countess of Westmoreland. He the son of David Cecil 3rd Earl Exeter and Elizabeth Egerton Countess Exeter. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

Before 25 Jan 1674 Charles Modyford 3rd Baronet (age 33) and Mary Norton Lady Modyford (age 23) were married.

On 25 Jan 1704 Henry Roper 8th Baron Teynham (age 28) and Catherine Smythe Baroness Teynham were married. She by marriage Baroness Teynham of Teynham in Kent.

On 25 Jan 1783 John Evans 6th Baron Carbery (age 17) and Catherine Charlotte Gore Baroness Carbery (age 16) were married. She the daughter of Arthur Saunders Gore 2nd Earl Arran (age 48) and Catherine Annesley. They were first cousins.

On 25 Jan 1808 George Augustus Herbert 11th Earl Pembroke 8th Earl Montgomery (age 48) and Yekaterina Semyonovna Vorontsova Countess Pembroke and Montgomery (age 23) were married. She by marriage Countess Pembroke, Countess Montgomery. The difference in their ages was 25 years. He the son of Henry Herbert 10th Earl Pembroke 7th Earl Montgomery and Elizabeth Spencer Countess Pembroke and Montgomery (age 70).

Before 25 Jan 1810 Charles Lawrence Dundas (age 38) and Caroline Beauclerk (age 35) were married. She the daughter of Aubrey Beauclerk 5th Duke St Albans and Catherine Ponsonby Duchess St Albans. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

Before 25 Jan 1830 William Williams 1st Baronet (age 38) and Caroline Eales were married.

On 25 Jan 1842 John Salusbury Salusbury-Trelawny 9th Baronet (age 25) and Harriet Jane Tremayne Lady Salusbury-Trelawny (age 21) were married.

On 25 Jan 1846 William Towry Law (age 36) and Matilda Montgomery were married.

On 25 Jan 1858 Frederick III King Prussia (age 26) and Victoria Empress Germany Queen Consort Prussia (age 17) were married in the Chapel Royal, St James's Palace. She the daughter of Prince Albert Saxe Coburg Gotha (age 38) and Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom (age 38). He the son of William I King Prussia (age 60). He a great x 4 grandson of King George I of Great Britain and Ireland.

The Times. 25 Jan 1865. MARRIAGE IN HIGH LIFE. The marriage of the Earl of Coventry (age 26) and Lady Blanche Craven (age 22), third daughter of Earl Craven (age 55), was solemnized yesterday morning at St. George's Church, Hanover-square. The bridegroom and the friends of both families assembled at the church at 11 o'clock, and shortly afterwards were joined by the bride (age 22), accompanied by her mother, the Countess Craven (age 48). The bride (age 22) was received by her father (age 26) at the church door, and, attended by eight bridesmaids, proceeded at once to the communion table, in front ot which a numerous company had assembled, including the Earl (age 65) and Countess of Clarendon (age 54) and Lady Emily Villiers (age 22), the Countess of Verulam (age 40) and Lady Harriet Grimston (age 20), Viscount (age 49) and Viscountess Folkestone (age 43) and Hon. Miss Bouverie, the Countess of Sefton (age 27) and Lady Cecilia Molyneux, Viscount Chelsea (age 24), and Lady Caroline Townley (age 27) and Miss Townley, Viscount Uffington (age 23), Sir Henry (age 58) and Lady Sophia Des Voeux, Hon. Mr. and Mrs Coventry, Hon. Gerald (age 35) and Lady Maria Ponsonby (age 28), Mr. Oswald andl Miss Oswald, Dr. Quin, Mr. Cecil Boothby (age 51), Mr. James Oswald, Miss Talbot, Viscount (age 32) and Viscountess Grey de Wilton (age 28), Lady Evelyn Bruce (age 25), Hon. Mrs. Grimston and Miss Grimston, &c.

The Hon. and Rev. Edward Grimston (age 52), uncle of the bride, performed the religious rite. After the registration of the marriage the wedding party left the church, and procceded to the Earl (age 55) and Countess Craven's (age 48) mansion in Charles-street, Mayfair. At 2 o'clock the newly-wedded couple took their departure for Croome Court, tbe Earl of Coventry's (age 26) seat, near Upton-upon-Severn, Worcestershire [Map], there to pass the honeymoon. At Croome Pirton and Severn Stoke, Worcestershire, the marriage was celebrated yesterday by the tenantry and neighbours of the Earl of Coventry (age 26). The tenantry of the Crome Pirton and Severn Stoke estates, to ths number of about 100, dined together in two parties yesterday at Severn Stoke and High-green. At Pirton and Severn Stoke garlands of evergreens and flags were hung out over the roads, and at night a bonfire was lighted at High-green. The rejoicings have extended over all his Lordship's (age 26) large estates in the southern portion of Worcestershire. The inhabitants of Worcester [Map] celebrated the marriage by hoisting flags from tile windows and streamers across the streets. The bells from the various churches rang merry peals all day.

On 24 Jan 1865 George Coventry 9th Earl Coventry (age 26) and Blanche Craven Countess Coventry (age 22) were married. She by marriage Countess Coventry. She the daughter of William Craven 2nd Earl Craven (age 55) and Emily Mary Grimston Countess Craven (age 48). She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 25 Jan 1870 Lionel Tollemache (age 31) and Beatrix Lucia Egerton were married.

On 25 Jan 1893 Frederick Charles I King Finland (age 24) and Margaret Hohenzollern (age 20) were married. She the daughter of Frederick III King Prussia and Victoria Empress Germany Queen Consort Prussia (age 52). He a great x 3 grandson of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland. She a granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

On 25 Jan 1908 Arthur Willert and Ethel Lucy Florence McKay Simpson (age 32) were married.

On 25 Jan 1942 Friedrich Josias Saxe Coburg Gotha (age 23) and Countess Viktoria Luise Solms Baruth were married. He a great grandson of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

Before 25 Jan 1951 Charles Arthur Mander 2nd Baronet (age 66) and Monica Claire Neame (age 62) were married.

Deaths on the 25th January

Florence of Worcester Continuation. 25 Jan 1129. William, bishop of Winchester, died on the eighth of the calends of February (25th January), and was buried at Winchester.

On 25 Jan 1139 Godfrey Reginar I Count Louvain (age 79) died. His son Godfrey Reginar VII Duke Lower Lorraine (age 32) succeeded II Count Louvain.

On 25 Jan 1350 John Douglas (age 47) died at Dalkeith.

On 25 Jan 1350 John Douglas of Lothian (age 47) was murdered.

On 25 Jan 1356 Maurice Fitzgerald 1st Earl Desmond died at Dublin Castle, Dublin. His son Maurice Fitzgerald 2nd Earl Desmond succeeded 2nd Earl Desmond.

On 25 Jan 1368 John Giffard (age 67) died.

On 25 Jan 1397 Rupert Pipan Wittelsbach (age 21) died.

On 25 Jan 1406 Stephen Scrope 2nd Baron Scrope Masham (age 61) died. His son Henry Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Masham (age 33) succeeded 3rd Baron Scrope Masham.

On 25 or 26 Jan 1431 Bishop Richard Fleming (age 46) died. He was buried at Lincoln Cathedral [Map] where he has a Chantrey Chapel with an effigy above and cadaver beneath.

Bishop Richard Fleming: Around 1385 he was born. On 20 Nov 1419 Bishop Richard Fleming was nominated by papal provision to be Bishop of Lincoln. On 28 Apr 1420 Bishop Richard Fleming was consecrated Bishop of Lincoln by by Martin V in Florence.

Around 25 Jan 1431 John Bohun (age 70) died.

On 25 Jan 1431 Thomas "Baron Hydon" Carew (age 69) died in Chewton.

On 25 Jan 1431 or 26 Jan 1431 Richard Fleming Bishop Lincoln (age 44) died.

On 25 Jan 1431 Alison May was murdered.

Between 25 Jan 1453 and 08 Apr 1454 Roger Harsick died.

On 25 Jan 1457 Mary or Margery Ferrers (age 63) died.

On 25 Jan 1458 John Dynham (age 52) died in Nutwell, Devon.

On 25 Jan 1466 Anne 13th de Laval Baroness Laval (age 81) died. Her son Guy 14th de Laval Count (age 59) succeeded Baron Laval.

On 25 Jan 1480 Joan Lorraine Duchess Anjou (age 22) died.

On 25 Jan 1494 Ferdinand I King Naples (age 70) died. His son Alfonso II King Naples (age 45) succeeded II King Naples.

On 25 Jan 1501 Margaret of Bavaria (age 44) died.

On 25 Jan 1533 Edward D'Oyley (age 68) died.

On 25 Jan 1559 Christian II King Denmark II King Norway (age 77) died.

On 25 Jan 1562 Charles Wriothesley (age 53) died.

On 25 Jan 1567 William Hewett (age 71) died.

On 25 Jan 1580 Charles Waldegrave died.

On 25 Jan 1613 Johann Georg Oldenburg (age 18) died.

On 25 Jan 1624 Eleanor Harrington (age 34) died.

On 25 Jan 1626 William Hamby died.

On 25 Jan 1627 Nicholas Prideaux (age 77) died.

Before 25 Jan 1650 Elizabeth Vincent (age 54) died.

On 25 Jan 1654 John Stansfield Evelyn died.

Before 25 Jan 1658 Mary Ogle Countess Rivers died.

On 25 Jan 1664 Penelope Wenman (age 68) died.

On 25 Jan 1665 Thomas Wenman 2nd Viscount Wenman (age 69) died. His brother Philip Wenman 3rd Viscount Wenman (age 55) succeeded 3rd Viscount Wenman of Tuam.

Around 25 Jan 1672 Mary Fenwick (age 92) died.

On 25 Jan 1673 Henry Wallop (age 43) died.

On 25 Jan 1673 Christian Vilhelm Oldenburg died.

On 25 Jan 1685 Richard Butler 1st Earl Arran (age 45) died.

On 25 Jan 1708 Jane Leigh Viscountess Tracy (age 43) died. She was buried at Toddington, Gloucestershire.

On 25 Jan 1715 John Drummond 1st Earl Melfort (age 64) died.

On 25 Jan 1733 Gilbert Heathcote 1st Baronet (age 81) died. His son John Heathcote 2nd Baronet (age 44) succeeded 2nd Baronet Heathcote of London. Monument in St Mary's Church, Edith Weston, Rutlandshire [Map]. Sculpted by John Michael Rysbrack (age 38).

Gilbert Heathcote 1st Baronet: On 02 Jan 1652 he was born to Gilbert Heathcote and Ann Dickens at Chesterfield. In 1711 Gilbert Heathcote 1st Baronet was elected Lord Mayor of London. On 17 Jan 1733 Gilbert Heathcote 1st Baronet was created 1st Baronet Heathcote of London.

John Heathcote 2nd Baronet: In 1689 he was born to Gilbert Heathcote 1st Baronet. In 1720 John Heathcote 2nd Baronet and Bridget White Lady Heathcote were married. She by marriage Lady Heathcote of London. On 09 Feb 1733 he was appointed MP Bodmin.

On 25 Jan 1746 Francois Auguste de Ligonier (age 53) died.

On 25 Jan 1750 William Abdy 4th Baronet (age 60) died. His son Anthony Thomas Abdy 5th Baronet (age 30) succeeded 5th Baronet Abdy of Felix Hall in Kelveden in Essex.

On 25 Jan 1751 Dorothea Franziska Agnes Salm (age 49) died.

On 25 Jan 1761 Frances Seymour (age 32) died.

On 25 Jan 1775 Gerard Napier 6th Baronet (age 36) died. Baronet Napier of Middle Marsh in Dorset extinct.

On 25 Jan 1777 Benjamin Kemp 7th Baronet (age 68) died without issue. His first cousin William Kemp 8th Baronet (age 59) succeeded 8th Baronet Kemp of Gissing in Norfolk.

On 25 Jan 1795 Edwin Lascelles 1st Baron Harewood (age 82) died.

On 25 Jan 1802 Augusta Carolina Maria Nassau Weilburg (age 37) died.

On 25 Jan 1807 Mary Meredith Countess Ferrers burned to death at Coombe Bank Sunridge, Sevenoaks.

On 25 Jan 1810 Charles Lawrence Dundas (age 38) died.

On 25 Jan 1826 Elizabeth Venables-Vernon Countess Harcourt (age 80) died.

On 25 Jan 1827 Frances Rivers died.

On 25 Jan 1828 Caroline Ponsonby Viscountess Melbourne (age 42) died.

On 25 Jan 1837 Caroline Greville Viscountess Comberemere (age 48) died.

On 25 Jan 1839 Evelyn Grosvenor (age 12) died.

On 25 Jan 1843 William Howard (age 61) died.

On 25 Jan 1846 Anna Eleanora Wrey Lady Palk (age 56) died.

On 25 Jan 1848 George Molyneux 6th Baronet (age 34) died.

On 25 Jan 1855 Dorothy Wordsworth (age 83) died.

On 25 Jan 1857 Anne Goddard (age 77) died.

On 25 Jan 1864 Louisa Anna Lloyd died.

On 25 Jan 1868 Flora Caroline Elizabeth Cholmeley died.

On 25 Jan 1875 Evelyn Stanhope Countess Carnarvon (age 40) died at 16 Bruton Street.

On 25 Jan 1877 Richard Corbet (age 72) died.

On 25 Jan 1880 Montagu Oxenden (age 80) died.

On 25 Jan 1881 Percy Ashburnham (age 81) died.

On 25 Jan 1890 Karl von Pfeffel (age 78) died.

On 25 Jan 1892 Konstantin Nikolayevich Holstein Gottorp Romanov (age 64) died.

On 25 Jan 1896 Frederick Leighton (age 65) died. Baron Leighton of Stretton in Shropshire and Baronet Leighton of Holland Park Road in St Mary Abbots in Kensington in Middlesex extinct. He left Ada Alice "Dorothy Dene" Pullen (age 37) £5,000, plus another £5,000 in trust for herself and her sisters; the largest bequest he made.

On 25 Jan 1909 Duncombe Pleydell-Bouverie (age 66) died.

On 25 Jan 1910 Caroline Fanny Cavendish (age 83) died.

On 25 Jan 1910 Henry James Lubbock (age 71) died.

On 25 or 27 Jan 1916 Major Rupert Chabbert Meyricke (age 38) committed suicide in Malta. His body was found in the grounds of the hospital. Suicide by shooting himself with a small automatic pistol he had smuggled into the hospital a few hours before he was due to be evacuated back to the UK - he had wanted to stay on Malta so as to be able to rejoin his battery. Maj Meyricke had himself carried on a wheeled chair to the terrace at the front of the hospital over-looking the harbour, sat on a wooden garden seat and after a few minutes produced a Colt automatic pistol he had hidden about himself and committed suicide. He was buried in Pietà Military Cemetery, TTriq id-Duluri, Malta.

On 25 Jan 1927 Hugh Henry Hare (age 87) died.

On 25 Jan 1939 Kathleen Maude died.

On 25 Jan 1944 John Leslie 2nd Baronet (age 86) died at Glaslough.

On 25 Jan 1951 Charles Arthur Mander 2nd Baronet (age 66) died.

On 25 Jan 1966 Harry Edward Bower (age 81) died.

On 25 Jan 1968 Virginia Maskell (age 31) committed suicide.

On 25 Jan 1976 Guendaline Ada Bellew died.