On this Day in History ... 31st March

31 Mar is in March.

1547 Death of King Francis I of France Accession of Henry II

1586 Exeter Black Assizes

Events on the 31st March

On 31 Mar 1084 Henry "Black Pious" Salian III Holy Roman Emperor was crowned as IV Holy Roman Emperor in St Peter's Basilica, Vatican.

On 31 Mar 1360 Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Portugal was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster (age 20) and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster (age 15) at Leicester Castle [Map]. She a granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 31 Mar 1373 Catherine of Lancaster Queen Consort Castile was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster (age 33) and Constance of Castile Duchess of Lancaster (age 19) at Hertford Castle [Map]. She a granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 31 Mar 1439 Joan Aviz Queen Consort Castile was born to Edward "The Philosopher" I King Portugal and Eleanor Trastámara Queen Consort Portugal. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III of England. Coefficient of inbreeding 4.40%.

On 31 Mar 1519 King Henry II of France was born to King Francis I of France (age 24) and Claude Valois Orléans Queen Consort France (age 19). Coefficient of inbreeding 4.50%.

On 31 Mar 1547 King Francis I of France (age 52) died. His son King Henry II of France (age 28) succeeded II King France: Capet Valois Angoulême.

On 31 Mar 1577 Adrian Vanson and Susanna de Colonia were married.

In Mar 1586 a virulent outbreak of gaol fever occurred during the Assizes in Exeter, Devon [Map]. The cause according to modern medical opinion was typhus transmitted by the human body-louse. Among the dead victims were eight judges, eleven of the twelve jurors, several constables, and the surrounding population which was ravaged by the disease for several months.

Edward Flowerdew died of gaol fever.

On 28 Mar 1586 Thomas Carew of Haccombe (age 70) died of gaol fever.

On 31 Mar 1586 John Chichester died of gaol fever.

On 01 Apr 1586 Robert Carey (age 71) died of gaol fever.

On 02 Apr 1586 Arthur Bassett (age 45) died of gaol fever.

On 10 Apr 1586 Bernard Drake (age 58) died of gaol fever.

On 31 Mar 1621 Philip III King Spain (age 42) died. His son Philip IV King Spain (age 15) succeeded IV King Spain.

On 31 Mar 1631 John Donne (age 59) died.

On 31 Mar 1651 Charles Palatinate Simmern II Elector Palatine Rhine was born to Charles Louis Palatinate Simmern (age 33) and Charlotte Hesse-Kassel (age 23) at Heidelburg. He a great grandson of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland.

Pepy's Diary. 31 Mar 1668. Up pretty betimes and to the office, where we sat all the morning, and at noon I home to dinner, where uncle Thomas dined with me, as he do every quarter, and I paid him his pension; and also comes Mr. Hollier (age 59) a little fuddled, and so did talk nothing but Latin, and laugh, that it was very good sport to see a sober man in such a humour, though he was not drunk to scandal. At dinner comes a summons for this office and the Victualler to attend a Committee of Parliament this afternoon, with Sir Prince, which I accordingly did, with my papers relating to the sending of victuals to Sir John Harman's (age 43) fleete; and there, Sir R. Brookes (age 31) in the chair, we did give them a full account, but, Lord! to see how full they are and immoveable in their jealousy that some means are used to keep Harman (age 43) from coming home, for they have an implacable desire to know the bottom of the not improving the first victory, and would lay it upon Brouncker (age 48). Having given them good satisfaction I away thence, up and down, wanting a little to see whether I could get Mrs. Burroughes out, but elle being in the shop ego did speak con her much, she could not then go far, and so I took coach and away to Unthanke's, and there took up my wife and Deb., and to the Park, where, being in a Hackney, and they undressed, was ashamed to go into the tour, but went round the park, and so with pleasure home, where Mr. Pelting come and sat and talked late with us, and he being gone, I called Deb. to take pen, ink, and paper and write down what things come into my head for my wife to do in order to her going into the country, and the girl, writing not so well as she would do, cried, and her mistress construed it to be sullenness, and so away angry with her too, but going to bed she undressed me, and there I did give her good advice and baiser la, elle weeping still.

Pepy's Diary. 31 Mar 1669. Thence to Dancre's (age 44), and there, saw our pictures which are in doing; and I did choose a view of Rome instead of Hampton Court [Map]; and mightily pleased I shall be in them. Here were Sir Charles Cotterell (age 53) and his son bespeaking something; both ingenious men.

On 31 Mar 1678 Richard Sanford was born to John Sanford of Nynehead Florey, Somerset (age 40) and Elizabeth Knightley (age 24). He was baptised the same day. On 07 Apr 1678 he died. On 09 Apr 1638 he was buried at St Mary's Church, Fawsley [Map].

On 31 Mar 1682 John Freschville 1st Baron Frescheville (age 74) died. The last of the male line of Freschville. He was buried in St John the Baptist's Church, Staveley [Map] where his third wife Anna Charlotte De Vic commissioned a monument. Sarcophagus with seated putti.

Anna Charlotte De Vic: She was born to Henry de Vic. In Dec 1666 John Freschville 1st Baron Frescheville and she were married. On 12 Nov 1717 she died.

Evelyn's Diary. 31 Mar 1693. I met the King (age 42) going to Gravesend [Map] to embark in his yacht for Holland.

Calendars. 31 Mar 1693. Whitehall. Warrant for the allowance of the expenses (amounting to 518l. 14s. 10d.) of Sir William Dutton Colt (age 47), knt., for investing the Elector of Saxony (age 24) with the order of the Garter at Dresden the 26th of Jan., 1698. [Ibid., p. 588.]

On 31 Mar 1723 Frederick V King Denmark and Norway was born to Christian VI King Denmark and Norway (age 23) at Christiansborg Castle.

After 31 Mar 1761. Monument to John Palmer (deceased) at Church of St Mary Magdalene, Ecton [Map] sculpted by H Cox. Bust by John Michael Rysbrack (age 66).

John Palmer: Around 1695 he was born to Thomas Palmer. On 31 Mar 1761 he died.

On 31 Mar 1824 Marie Adeline Plunkett Ballet was born.

On 31 Mar 1874 William Michael Rossetti (age 44) and Emma Lucy Madox Brown (age 30) were married. She the daughter of Ford Madox Brown (age 52) and Elizabeth Bromley.

On 31 Mar 1899 William Copeland Borlase (age 50) died.

31 Mar 1901. Census. Draycott Lodge

William Holman Hunt (age 73). Head. 73. Artist and Sculptor crossed out. Painter.

Marion Edith Waugh (age 54). Wife. 54.

Cyril Hunt (age 34). Son. 34. Tea Planter.

Florence Venney. Servant. 16. Under-housemaid.

Margaret Murdock. Servant. 37. Cook.

Cyril Hunt: On 27 Oct 1866 he was born to William Holman Hunt and Fanny Waugh. It is likely that this birth is the one that caused the death of his mother since she and William Holman-Hunt has only been married one year.

On 31 Mar 1914 Hubert Von Herkomer (age 65) died.

On 31 Mar 1941 William Bruce Ellis Ranken (age 59) died.

Births on the 31st March

On 31 Mar 356 Aelia Flaccilla Empress was born.

On 31 Mar 1347 Frederick Habsburg III Duke Austria was born to Albert Habsburg II Duke Austria (age 48) and Johanna Pfirt Duchess Austria.

On 31 Mar 1360 Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Portugal was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster (age 20) and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster (age 15) at Leicester Castle [Map]. She a granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 31 Mar 1373 Catherine of Lancaster Queen Consort Castile was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster (age 33) and Constance of Castile Duchess of Lancaster (age 19) at Hertford Castle [Map]. She a granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 31 Mar 1425 Bianca Maria Visconti was born illegitimately to Filipo Maria Visconti (age 32).

On 31 Mar 1439 Joan Aviz Queen Consort Castile was born to Edward "The Philosopher" I King Portugal and Eleanor Trastámara Queen Consort Portugal. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III of England. Coefficient of inbreeding 4.40%.

On 31 Mar 1472 Piero Trastámara was born to Alfonso II King Naples (age 23) and Ippolita Maria Sforza (age 25).

On 31 Mar 1519 King Henry II of France was born to King Francis I of France (age 24) and Claude Valois Orléans Queen Consort France (age 19). Coefficient of inbreeding 4.50%.

On 31 Mar 1527 Edward Fitton was born to Edward Fitton Sheriff (age 27) and Mary Harbottle (age 20) at Gawsworth [Map].

On 31 Mar 1540 Thomas Peyton was born to John Peyton (age 37).

Around 31 Mar 1582 Sophie Hohenzollern was born to Albert Frederick Hohenzollern Duke Prussia (age 28).

On 31 Mar 1589 Anna Marie Wettin was born to Friedrich Wilhelm Wettin I Duke Saxe Weimar (age 26) and Sophie of Württemberg Duchess of Saxe-Weimar (age 25) at Weimar.

On 31 Mar 1597 John Wettin was born to Johann Wettin II Duke Saxe Weimar (age 26) and Dorothea Maria Anhalt at Weimar.

Around 31 Mar 1606 Ralph Assheton was born to Richard Assheton (age 28) at Middleton.

On 31 Mar 1651 Charles Palatinate Simmern II Elector Palatine Rhine was born to Charles Louis Palatinate Simmern (age 33) and Charlotte Hesse-Kassel (age 23) at Heidelburg. He a great grandson of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland.

On 31 Mar 1670 Louis Auguste Bourbon Duke Maine was born illegitimately to Louis "Sun King" XIV King France (age 31) and Françoise Athénaïs Marquise Montespan (age 29).

On 31 Mar 1678 Richard Sanford was born to John Sanford of Nynehead Florey, Somerset (age 40) and Elizabeth Knightley (age 24). He was baptised the same day. On 07 Apr 1678 he died. On 09 Apr 1638 he was buried at St Mary's Church, Fawsley [Map].

On 31 Mar 1697 Charles Stewart 5th Earl Traquair was born to Charles Stewart 4th Earl Traquair (age 38) and Mary Maxwell Countess Traquair (age 26). Coefficient of inbreeding 1.82%.

On 31 Mar 1718 Infante Mariana Victoria of Spain was born to Philippe V King Spain (age 34) and Elisabeth Farnese Queen Consort Spain (age 25).

Before 31 Mar 1722 Reverend William Anderson 6th Baronet was born to Edmund Anderson 5th Baronet (age 34).

On 31 Mar 1723 Frederick V King Denmark and Norway was born to Christian VI King Denmark and Norway (age 23) at Christiansborg Castle.

On 31 Mar 1752 Joseph Scott 1st Baronet was born.

On 31 Mar 1767 Henry Paulet was born to George Paulett 12th Marquess Winchester (age 44) and Martha Ingoldsby Marchioness Winchester.

TiGwWwsPOn 31 Mar 1790 Amelia Caroline Morison King was born illegitimately to George King 3rd Earl Kingston (age 18) and Amelia Caroline Morison at Fredicton.

On 31 Mar 1797 Walter Calverley Trevelyan 6th Baronet was born to John Trevelyan 5th Baronet (age 36) and Maria Wilson (age 25).

On 31 Mar 1812 Juliana Barbara Howard-Molyneux-Howard was born to Henry Howard-Molyneux-Howard (age 45) and Elizabeth Long.

On 31 Mar 1824 Marie Adeline Plunkett Ballet was born.

On 31 Mar 1835 Emily Charlotte Stafford-Jerningham was born to Edward Stafford-Jerningham (age 30) and Marianne Smythe.

On 31 Mar 1839 Thomas Wrightson 1st Baronet was born to Thomas Wrightson (age 39).

On 31 Mar 1863 Joseph Hood 1st Baronet was born at Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Leicestershire.

On 31 Mar 1869 Madeleine Pamela Constance Wyndham was born to Percy Scawen Wyndham (age 34) and Madeline Caroline Frances Eden Campbell.

On 31 Mar 1880 Muriel Wheldale was born.

On 31 Mar 1880 Frederick Oxley was born to Henry Oxley (age 27) and Mary Hannah Bottomley (age 30).

On 31 Mar 1894 Commander Clare George Vyner was born to Alwyne Frederick Compton (age 38).

On 31 Mar 1906 Randle John Baker Wilbraham 7th Baronet was born to Philip Wilbraham Baker Wilbraham 6th Baronet (age 30) and Joyce Christabel Kennaway Lady Wilbraham (age 29).

On 31 Mar 1924 Henry Edward Cubitt 4th Baron Ashcombe was born to Roland Cubitt 3rd Baron Ashcombe (age 25) and Sonia Rosemary Keppel (age 23).

On 31 Mar 1929 William Anthony Furness 2nd Viscount Furness was born to Marmaduke Furness 1st Viscount Furness (age 45) and Thelma Morgan Viscountess Furness (age 24).

Marriages on the 31st March

Before 31 Mar 1527 Edward Fitton Sheriff (age 27) and Mary Harbottle (age 20) were married. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

After 31 Mar 1540 Anthony Browne (age 40) and Elizabeth "The Fair Geraldine" Fitzgerald Countess Lincoln (age 13) were married. The difference in their ages was 27 years. She the daughter of Gerald Fitzgerald 9th Earl of Kildare and Elizabeth Grey Countess Kildare (age 43). They were second cousin once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 31 Mar 1577 Adrian Vanson and Susanna de Colonia were married.

On 31 Mar 1662 Charles Stewart 6th Duke Lennox 3rd Duke Richmond (age 23) and Margaret Banastre Duchess of Richmond were married. She by marriage Duchess Richmond.

On 31 Mar 1743 Edward Mathew (age 14) and Jane Bertie were married. She the daughter of Peregrine Bertie 2nd Duke Ancaster and Kesteven and Jane Brownlow Duchess Ancaster and Kesteven.

On 31 Mar 1770 Edwin Lascelles 1st Baron Harewood (age 57) and Jane Coleman Baroness Harewood (age 39) were married.

On 31 Mar 1795 Henry Vaughan aka Halford 1st Baronet (age 28) and Elizabeth Barbara St John Lady Halford (age 33) were married.

Before 31 Mar 1797 John Trevelyan 5th Baronet (age 36) and Maria Wilson (age 25) were married.

On 31 Mar 1800 Francis Osborne 1st Baron Godolphin (age 22) and Elizabeth Charlotte Eden Baroness Godolphin (age 20) were married. He the son of Francis Osborne 5th Duke Leeds and Amelia Darcy 12th Baroness Darcy 9th Baroness Conyers. He a great x 5 grandson of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland.

On 31 Mar 1829 William Brodrick (age 30) and Harriet Brodrick were married. They were first cousins.

On 31 Mar 1874 William Michael Rossetti (age 44) and Emma Lucy Madox Brown (age 30) were married. She the daughter of Ford Madox Brown (age 52) and Elizabeth Bromley.

On 31 Mar 1937 Major Anthony Ashley-Cooper (age 36) and Françoise Soulier were married. He the son of Anthony Ashley-Cooper 9th Earl of Shaftesbury (age 67) and Constance Grosvenor Countess of Shaftesbury (age 61).

Deaths on the 31st March

On 31 Mar 1292 Sayer IV Sutton (age 48) died at Barton on Humber [Map].

On 31 Mar 1295 Robert Bruce 5th Lord Annandale (age 80) died. He was buried at Gisborough Priory [Map]. His son Robert Bruce Earl Carrick (age 51) succeeded 6th Lord Annandale.

On 31 Mar 1396 John Felton (age 57) died.

On 31 Mar 1505 John Leeke (age 51) died.

On 31 Mar 1505 Thomas Fairfax (age 54) died.

On 31 Mar 1525 René of Savoy (age 52) died.

On 31 Mar 1540 Alice Gage (age 34) died.

On 31 Mar 1547 King Francis I of France (age 52) died. His son King Henry II of France (age 28) succeeded II King France: Capet Valois Angoulême.

On 31 Mar 1552 Elizabeth Hart Baroness Cobham (age 77) died.

On 31 Mar 1558 Edmund Gorges died.

On 31 Mar 1563 Joan Berkeley (age 37) died.

On 31 Mar 1567 Landgrave Philip I of Hesse (age 62) died.

On 31 Mar 1576 Richard Polstead (age 30) died.

On 31 Mar 1576 John Leigh of Addington died. Possibly 14 Mar 1612.

On 31 Mar 1580 Robert Wingfield (age 57) died.

In Mar 1586 a virulent outbreak of gaol fever occurred during the Assizes in Exeter, Devon [Map]. The cause according to modern medical opinion was typhus transmitted by the human body-louse. Among the dead victims were eight judges, eleven of the twelve jurors, several constables, and the surrounding population which was ravaged by the disease for several months.

Edward Flowerdew died of gaol fever.

On 28 Mar 1586 Thomas Carew of Haccombe (age 70) died of gaol fever.

On 31 Mar 1586 John Chichester died of gaol fever.

On 01 Apr 1586 Robert Carey (age 71) died of gaol fever.

On 02 Apr 1586 Arthur Bassett (age 45) died of gaol fever.

On 10 Apr 1586 Bernard Drake (age 58) died of gaol fever.

On 31 Mar 1586 Thomas Kerr of Ferniehirst (age 56) died.

On 31 Mar 1599 Charles Morrison (age 50) died.

On 31 Mar 1607 Henry Beaumont (age 57) died.

On 31 Mar 1613 Ralph Sheldon (age 76) died.

On 31 Mar 1616 John Adolph Oldenburg (age 41) died.

On 31 Mar 1619 John Stuart of Ardmaleish (age 43) died.

On 31 Mar 1621 Philip III King Spain (age 42) died. His son Philip IV King Spain (age 15) succeeded IV King Spain.

On 31 Mar 1631 John Donne (age 59) died.

On 31 Mar 1636 John Hungerford (age 78) died at Bremhill, Wiltshire.

On 31 Mar 1636 John Hungerford (age 16) died at Bremhill, Wiltshire.

Before 31 Mar 1646 Elizabeth Howard Countess Carrick (age 82) died at Greenwich, Kent [Map]. She was buried On 31 Mar 1646.

On 31 Mar 1649 Anne Cave Lady Tufton died.

On 31 Mar 1652 Bernardino Fernández de Velasco 6th Duke of Frías (age 43) died.

On 31 Mar 1664 Charlotte Thouars Countess Derby (age 64) died.

On 31 Mar 1670 John Egerton (age 2) died.

On 31 Mar 1671 Anne Hyde Queen Consort England (age 34) died.

On 31 Mar 1675 George Stonhouse 1st and 3rd Baronet (age 71) died. His son George Stonhouse 4th Baronet (age 37) succeeded 4th Baronet Stonhouse of Radley. His son John Stonhouse 2nd Baronet (age 36) succeeded 2nd Baronet Stonhouse of Radley.

On 31 Mar 1682 John Freschville 1st Baron Frescheville (age 74) died. The last of the male line of Freschville. He was buried in St John the Baptist's Church, Staveley [Map] where his third wife Anna Charlotte De Vic commissioned a monument. Sarcophagus with seated putti.

Anna Charlotte De Vic: She was born to Henry de Vic. In Dec 1666 John Freschville 1st Baron Frescheville and she were married. On 12 Nov 1717 she died.

On 31 Mar 1709 Elizabeth Cromwell (age 34) died.

On 31 Mar 1712 Frances Wilhelmina Bentinck Baroness Byron (age 28) died.

In 31 Mar 1725 Henry Boyle 1st Baron Carleton (age 55) died unmarried. Baron Carleton extinct.

On 31 Mar 1729 Mary Digby (age 40) died.

On 31 Mar 1741 Joseph Banks (age 49) died.

On 31 Mar 1751 Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales (age 44) died at Leicester House.

On 31 Mar 1757 William Herbert (age 61) died.

On 31 Mar 1761 John Palmer (age 66) died.

On 31 Mar 1774 James Leigh (age 50) died.

On 31 Mar 1774 Andrew Stuart (age 76) died at Harrisburg.

On 31 Mar 1777 (Easter Monday) Richard Terrick Bishop (age 67) died.

On 31 Mar 1785 Mary Fane died.

On 31 Mar 1807 Elizabeth Meade Countess Mayo died.

On 31 Mar 1807 William Tighe Hamilton died.

On 31 Mar 1808 Richard Aubrey (age 63) died.

On 31 Mar 1817 Frances Lascelles (age 54) died.

On 31 Mar 1817 Frances Scott Baroness Douglas (age 66) died.

On 31 Mar 1836 Bishop Henry Dudley Ryder Bishop (age 58) died.

On 31 Mar 1837 John Constable (age 60) died.

On 31 Mar 1847 William Eardley-Twisleton-Fiennes 9th or 15th Baron Saye and Sele (age 48) died. His first cousin Frederick Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes 10th or 16th Baron Saye and Sele (age 47) succeeded 10th or 16th Baron Saye and Sele.

On 31 Mar 1850 Thomas Parker 5th Earl Macclesfield (age 87) died. His son Thomas Parker 6th Earl Macclesfield (age 39) succeeded 6th Earl Macclesfield.

On 31 Mar 1855 Robert Ellis Cunliffe (age 47) died.

On 31 Mar 1857 Hester "Queenie" Thrale Viscountess Keith (age 92) died.

On 31 Mar 1858 George Sholto Douglas 17th Earl Morton (age 68) died. His son Sholto Douglas 18th Earl Morton (age 40) succeeded 18th Earl Morton. Alice Anne Lambton Countess Morton (age 26) by marriage Countess Morton.

On 31 Mar 1870 Charles Grey (age 66) died.

YBcJrZjKOn 31 Mar 1874 Arthur Hill 5th Marquess Downshire (age 29) died. His son Arthur Hill 6th Marquess of Downshire (age 2) succeeded 6th Marquess Downshire.

On 31 Mar 1880 Thomas Henry Clifton (age 35) died. He was buried at St Cuthbert's Church, Lytham [Map].

On 31 Mar 1882 Spencer Dudley Robinson Montagu (age 75) died.

On 31 Mar 1888 Margaret Anne Burgh (age 57) died.

On 31 Mar 1899 William Copeland Borlase (age 50) died.

On 31 Mar 1900 Mary Dorothea Seymour died.

On 31 Mar 1905 Louisa Jane Russell Duchess Abercorn (age 92) died.

On 31 Mar 1910 Helen Catherine Douglas (age 91) died.

On 31 Mar 1914 Hubert Von Herkomer (age 65) died.

On 31 Mar 1924 Emily Cecilia Boyle (age 76) died.

On 31 Mar 1941 William Bruce Ellis Ranken (age 59) died.

On 31 Mar 1946 John Standish Surtees Prendergast 6th Viscount Gort (age 59) died.

On 31 Mar 1948 William Smith 3rd Viscount Hambleden (age 44) died. His son William Smith 4th Viscount Hambleden (age 17) succeeded 4th Viscount Hambleden of Hambleden in Buckinghamshire.

On 31 Mar 1949 George Bridger Shiffner (age 82) died.

On 31 Mar 1950 Guy Bertrand Spencer (age 68) died.

On 31 Mar 1987 Pamela Wellesley (age 74) died.

On 31 Mar 1999 Aileen Sibell Mary Guinness (age 94) died.

On 31 Mar 2009 Sacheverell Reresby Sitwell 7th Baronet (age 81) died. His nephew George Reresby Sacheverell Sitwell 8th Baronet (age 41) succeeded 8th Baronet Sitwell of Renishaw Hall in Derbyshire. As a consequence of a falling out with his brother Francis Trajan Sacheverell Sitwell he left Renishaw Hall [Map] to his daughter Alexandra Sitwell (age 51).