22 Jul is in July.
On 22 Jul 1274 Henry I King Navarre 1244-1274 (30) died. His daughter Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305 (1) succeeded I King Navarre.
On 22 Jul 1298 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (59) defeated the Scottish army led by William Wallace -1305 during the Battle of Falkirk at Falkirk using archers to firstly attack the Scottish shiltrons with the heavy cavalry with infantry completing the defeat. The English were described in the Falkirk Roll that lists 111 men with their armorials including:
Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315 (26).
Walter Beauchamp 1243-1303 (55).
Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk 1245-1306 (53).
Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford 2nd Earl Essex 1249-1298 (49).
Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (24).
Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester 1261-1326 (37).
William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Groby 1272-1325 (26).
Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley 1245-1321 (52).
Maurice Berkeley 7th Baron Berkeley 1271-1326 (27).
Henry Grey 1st Baron Grey Codnor 1255-1308 (43).
Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey Wilton 1240-1308 (58).
John Grey 2nd Baron Grey Wilton 1268-1323 (30).
John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster 1269-1330 (29).
Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1250-1316 (48).
Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (11).
William Ros 1st Baron Ros Helmsley 1255-1316 (43).
John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave 1256-1325 (42).
Nicholas Segrave 1256-1321 (42).
Robert Vere 6th Earl Oxford 1257-1331 (41).
Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby 1267-1314 (30).
Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester 2nd Earl Lancaster 5th Earl Salisbury 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (20).
Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 (17).
John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304 (67).
Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314 (25).
Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon 1276-1340 (21).
Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302 (31).
Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan 1279-1340 (18).
John Capet II Duke Brittany 1239-1305 (59).
Philip Darcy 1258-1333 (39).
Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter 1247-1326 (51), or possiby a Roger Fitzwalter?.
Simon Fraser -1306.
Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (23).
John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell 1268-1300 (30), and.
Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln 4th Earl Salisbury 1251-1311 (47).
William Scrope 1245-1312 (53) was knighted.
John Stewart -1298 was killed.
John Moels 1st Baron Moels 1269-1310 (29) fought.
John Lovell 1st Baron Lovel 1254-1311 (44) fought.
On 22 Jul 1403 Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (21) was appointed 99th Knight of the Garter by his third cousin once removed Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (36).
On 22 Jul 1455 Ursula of York 1455- was born to Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (43) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (40). She died young.
On 22 Jul 1461 Charles "Victorious" VII King France 1403-1461 (58) died. His son Louis "Father of the People" XI King France 1423-1483 (38) succeeded XI King France: Capet Valois. Charlotte Savoy Queen Consort France 1441-1483 (19) by marriage Queen Consort France.
On 22 Jul 1470 Warwick the Kingmaker (42), Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (48) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (40) signed the Angers Agreement at Angers Cathedral. The agreement had been brokered by King Louis XI of France (47). Edward of Westinster Prince of Wales 1453-1471 (16) and Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (14) were betrothed as part of the Agreement.
On 22 Jul 1484 James Douglas 9th Earl Douglas 3rd Earl Avondale 1426-1488 (58) was captured during the Battle of Lochmaben Fair.
On 22 Jul 1552 Jane Radclyffe -1552 died in childbirth.
On 19 Oct 1592 Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague 1528-1592 (63) died. His grandson Anthony Maria Browne 2nd Viscount Montague 1574-1629 succeeded 2nd Viscount Montague.
On 08 Apr 1608 Magdalen Dacre Viscountess Montague 1538-1608 (70) died at Battle Abbey. She was buried at Midhurst; subsequently moved to St Mary's Church Easebourne Midhurst.
Monument to Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague 1528-1592 (23), Jane Radclyffe -1552 and Magdalen Dacre Viscountess Montague 1538-1608 (14) in St Mary's Church Easebourne Midhurst. The Monument was originally in Midhurst but was subsequently moved. As there was less room, it was re-arranged, with Lord Montague kneeling behind and above the two recumbent effigies of his wives, instead of having a wife on either side, with obelisks at the corners.
On 22 Jul 1552 Mary Browne Countess Southampton 1552-1607 was born to Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague 1528-1592 (23) and Jane Radclyffe -1552.
On 22 Jul 1581 Richard Cox Bishop of Ely 1493-1581 (88) died.
On 22 Jul 1621 Anthony Ashley Cooper 1st Earl Shaftesbury 1621-1683 was born to John Cooper 1st Baronet Cooper -1631 and Anne Ashley Lady Cooper -1628.
On 22 Jul 1624 Mervyn Tuchet 2nd Earl Castlehaven 1593-1631 (31) and Anne Stanley Countess Castlehaven 1580-1647 (44) were married at Harefield. Anne Stanley Countess Castlehaven 1580-1647 (44) by marriage Earl Castlehaven. She a 3 x great granddaughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.
Samuel Pepys' Diary 22 July 1662. 22 Jul 1662. Among my workmen early: then to the office, and there I had letters from the Downs from Mr. Coventry (34); who tells me of the foul weather they had last Sunday, that drove them back from near Boulogne, whither they were going for the Queen (52), back again to the Downs, with the loss of their cables, sayles, and masts; but are all safe, only my Lord Sandwich (36), who went before with the yachts; they know not what is become of him, which do trouble me much; but I hope he got ashore before the storm begun; which God grant!
All day at the office, only at home at dinner, where I was highly angry with my wife for her keys being out of the way, but they were found at last, and so friends again.
All the afternoon answering letters and writing letters, and at night to Mr. Coventry (34) an ample letter in answer to all his and the Duke's business.
Late at night at the office, where my business is great, being now all alone in town, but I shall go through it with pleasure.
So home and to bed.
Samuel Pepys' Diary 22 July 1663. 22 Jul 1663. Up, and by and by comes my uncle Thomas (68), to whom I paid £10 for his last half year's annuity, and did get his and his son's hand and seal for the confirming to us Piggott's mortgage, which was forgot to be expressed in our late agreement with him, though intended, and therefore they might have cavilled at it, if they would.
Thence abroad calling at several places upon some errands, among others to my brother Tom's (29) barber and had my hair cut, while his boy played on the viallin, a plain boy, but has a very good genius, and understands the book very well, but to see what a shift he made for a string of red silk was very pleasant.
Thence to my Lord Crew's. My Lord not being come home, I met and staid below with Captain Ferrers, who was come to wait upon my Lady Jemimah to St. James's, she being one of the four ladies that hold up the mantle at the christening this afternoon of the Duke's (29) child (a boy). In discourse of the ladies at Court, Captain Ferrers tells me that my Baroness Castlemaine's (22) is now as great again as ever she was; and that her going away was only a fit of her own upon some slighting words of the King (33), so that she called for her coach at a quarter of an hour's warning, and went to Richmond; and the King (33) the next morning, under pretence of going a-hunting, went to see her and make friends, and never was a-hunting at all. After which she came back to Court, and commands the King (33) as much as ever, and hath and doth what she will. No longer ago than last night, there was a private entertainment made for the King (33) and Queen (24) at the Duke of Buckingham's (35), and she: was not invited: but being at my Lady Suffolk's (41), her aunt's (where my Lady Jemimah and Lord Sandwich (37) dined) yesterday, she was heard to say, "Well; much good may it do them, and for all that I will be as merry as they:" and so she went home and caused a great supper to be prepared. And after the King (33) had been with the Queen (24) at Wallingford House, he came to my Baroness Castlemaine's (22), and was there all night, and my Lord Sandwich (37) with him, which was the reason my Lord lay in town all night, which he has not done a great while before. He tells me he believes that, as soon as the King (33) can get a husband for Mrs. Stewart (16) however, my Baroness Castlemaine's (22) nose will be out of joynt; for that she comes to be in great esteem, and is more handsome than she. I found by his words that my Lord Sandwich (37) finds some pleasure in the country where he now is, whether he means one of the daughters of the house or no I know not, but hope the contrary, that he thinks he is very well pleased with staying there, but yet upon breaking up of the Parliament, which the King (33) by a message to-day says shall be on Monday next, he resolves to go.
Ned Pickering (45), the coxcomb, notwithstanding all his hopes of my Lord's assistance, wherein I am sorry to hear my Lord has much concerned himself, is defeated of the place he expected under the Queen (24). He came hither by and by and brought some jewells for my Lady Jem. to put on, with which and her other clothes she looks passing well. I staid and dined with my Lord Crew, who whether he was not so well pleased with me as he used to be, or that his head was full of business, as I believe it was, he hardly spoke one word to me all dinner time, we dining alone, only young Jack Crew, Sir Thomas's son, with us.
After dinner I bade him farewell. Sir Thomas I hear has gone this morning ill to bed, so I had no mind to see him.
Thence homewards, and in the way first called at Wotton's, the shoemaker's, who tells me the reason of Harris's' going from Sir Wm. Davenant's (57) house, that he grew very proud and demanded £20 for himself extraordinary, more than Betterton (27) or any body else, upon every new play, and £10 upon every revive; which with other things Sir W. Davenant (57) would not give him, and so he swore he would never act there more, in expectation of being received in the other House; but the King (33) will not suffer it, upon Sir W. Davenant's (57) desire that he would not, for then he might shut up house, and that is true. He tells me that his going is at present a great loss to the House, and that he fears he hath a stipend from the other House privately. He tells the that the fellow grew very proud of late, the King (33) and every body else crying him up so high, and that above Betterton (27), he being a more ayery man, as he is indeed. But yet Betterton (27), he says, they all say do act: some parts that none but himself can do.
Thence to my bookseller's, and found my Waggoners done. The very binding cost me 14s., but they are well done, and so with a porter home with them, and so by water to Ratcliffe, and there went to speak with Cumberford the platt-maker, and there saw his manner of working, which is very fine and laborious. So down to Deptford, reading Ben Jonson's "Devil is an asse", and so to see Sir W. Pen (42), who I find walking out of doors a little, but could not stand long; but in doors and I with him, and staid a great while talking, I taking a liberty to tell him my thoughts in things of the office; that when he comes abroad again, he may know what to think of me, and to value me as he ought. Walked home as I used to do, and being weary, and after some discourse with Mr. Barrow, who came to see and take his leave of me, he being to-morrow to set out toward the Isle of Man, I went to bed.
This day I hear that the Moores have made some attaques upon the outworks of Tangier; but my Lord Tiviott; with the loss of about 200 men, did beat them off, and killed many of them.
To-morrow the King (33) and Queen (24) for certain go down to Tunbridge. But the King (33) comes back again against Monday to raise the Parliament.
Samuel Pepys' Diary 22 July 1665. 22 Jul 1665. As soon as up I among my goldsmiths, Sir Robert Viner (34) and Colvill, and there got £10,000 of my new tallys accepted, and so I made it my work to find out Mr. Mervin and sent for others to come with their Bills of Exchange, as Captain Hewett, &c., and sent for Mr. Jackson, but he was not in town.
So all the morning at the office, and after dinner, which was very late, I to Sir R. Viner's (34), by his invitation in the morning, and got near £5000 more accepted, and so from this day the whole, or near, £15,000, lies upon interest.
Thence I by water to Westminster, and the Duke of Albemarle (56) being gone to dinner to my Lord of Canterbury's (67), I thither, and there walked and viewed the new hall, a new old-fashion hall as much as possible. Begun, and means left for the ending of it, by Bishop Juxon.
Not coming proper to speak with him, I to Fox-Hall, where to the Spring garden; but I do not see one guest there, the town being so empty of any body to come thither. Only, while I was there, a poor woman come to scold with the master of the house that a kinswoman, I think, of hers, that was newly dead of the plague, might be buried in the church-yard; for, for her part, she should not be buried in the commons, as they said she should.
Back to White Hall, and by and by comes the Duke of Albemarle (56), and there, after a little discourse, I by coach home, not meeting with but two coaches, and but two carts from White Hall to my own house, that I could observe; and the streets mighty thin of people. I met this noon with Dr. Burnett, who told me, and I find in the newsbook this week that he posted upon the 'Change, that whoever did spread the report that, instead of the plague, his servant was by him killed, it was forgery, and shewed me the acknowledgment of the master of the pest-house, that his servant died of a bubo on his right groine, and two spots on his right thigh, which is the plague.
To my office, where late writing letters, and getting myself prepared with business for Hampton Court to-morrow, and so having caused a good pullet to be got for my supper, all alone, I very late to bed. All the news is great: that we must of necessity fall out with France, for He (26) will side with the Dutch against us. That Alderman Backewell (47) is gone over (which indeed he is) with money, and that Ostend is in our present possession. But it is strange to see how poor Alderman Backewell (47) is like to be put to it in his absence, Mr. Shaw his right hand being ill. And the Alderman's absence gives doubts to people, and I perceive they are in great straits for money, besides what Sir G. Carteret (55) told me about fourteen days ago. Our fleet under my Lord Sandwich (39) being about the latitude 55 (which is a great secret) to the Northward of the Texell.
So to bed very late. In my way I called upon Sir W. Turner (49), and at Mr. Shelcrosse's (but he was not at home, having left his bill with Sir W. Turner (49)), that so I may prove I did what I could as soon as I had money to answer all bills.
Samuel Pepys' Diary 22 July 1666. 22 Jul 1666. Lord's Day. Up, and to my chamber, and there till noon mighty busy, setting money matters and other things of mighty moment to rights to the great content of my mind, I finding that accounts but a little let go can never be put in order by strangers, for I cannot without much difficulty do it myself.
After dinner to them again till about four o'clock and then walked to White Hall, where saw nobody almost but walked up and down with Hugh May, who is a very ingenious man. Among other things, discoursing of the present fashion of gardens to make them plain, that we have the best walks of gravell in the world, France having no nor Italy; and our green of our bowling allies is better than any they have. So our business here being ayre, this is the best way, only with a little mixture of statues, or pots, which may be handsome, and so filled with another pot of such and such a flower or greene as the season of the year will bear. And then for flowers, they are best seen in a little plat by themselves; besides, their borders spoil the walks of another garden: and then for fruit, the best way is to have walls built circularly one within another, to the South, on purpose for fruit, and leave the walking garden only for that use.
Thence walked through the House, where most people mighty hush and, methinks, melancholy. I see not a smiling face through the whole Court; and, in my conscience, they are doubtfull of the conduct again of the Generalls, and I pray God they may not make their fears reasonable. Sir Richard Fanshaw is lately dead at Madrid. Guyland is lately overthrowne wholly in Barbary by the King (36) of Tafiletta. The fleete cannot yet get clear of the River, but expect the first wind to be out, and then to be sure they fight. The Queene (56) and Maids of Honour are at Tunbridge.
John Evelyn's Diary 22 July 1670. 22 Jul 1670. We rode out to see the great mere, or level, of recovered fen land, not far off. In the way, we met Lord Arlington (52) going to his house in Suffolk, accompanied with Count Ogniati, the Spanish minister, and Sir Bernard Gascoigne (56); he was very importunate with me to go with him to Euston, being but fifteen miles distant; but, in regard of my company, I could not. So, passing through Newmarket, we alighted to see his Majesty's (40) house there, now new-building; the arches of the cellars beneath are well turned by Mr. Samuel, the architect, the rest mean enough, and hardly fit for a hunting house. Many of the rooms above had the chimneys in the angles and corners, a mode now introduced by his Majesty (40), which I do at no hand approve of. I predict it will spoil many noble houses and rooms, if followed. It does only well in very small and trifling rooms, but takes from the state of greater. Besides, this house is placed in a dirty street, without any court or avenue, like a common one, whereas it might and ought to have been built at either end of the town, upon the very carpet where the sports are celebrated; but, it being the purchase of an old wretched house of my Lord Thomond's, his Majesty (40) was persuaded to set it on that foundation, the most improper imaginable for a house of sport and pleasure.
We went to see the stables and fine horses, of which many were here kept at a vast expense, with all the art and tenderness imaginable.
Being arrived at some meres, we found Lord Wotton and Sir John Kiviet (43) about their draining engines, having, it seems, undertaken to do wonders on a vast piece of marsh-ground they had hired of Sir Thomas Chicheley (master of the ordnance). They much pleased themselves with the hopes of a rich harvest of hemp and coleseed, which was the crop expected.
Here we visited the engines and mills both for wind and water, draining it through two rivers or graffs, cut by hand, and capable of carrying considerable barges, which went thwart one the other, discharging the water into the sea. Such this spot had been the former winter; it was astonishing to see it now dry, and so rich that weeds grew on the banks, almost as high as a man and horse. Here, my Lord and his partner had built two or three rooms, with Flanders white bricks, very hard. One of the great engines was in the kitchen, where !I saw the fish swim up, even to the very chimney hearth, by a small cut through the room, and running within a foot of the very fire.
Having, after dinner, ridden about that vast level, pestered with heat and swarms of gnats, we returned over Newmarket Heath, the way being mostly a sweet turf and down, like Salisbury Plain, the jockeys breathing their fine barbs and racers and giving them their heats.
John Evelyn's Diary 22 July 1674. 22 Jul 1674. I went to Windsor with my wife (39) and son (19) to see my daughter Mary (9), who was there with my Lady Tuke and to do my duty to his Majesty (44). Next day, to a great entertainment at Sir Robert Holmes's (52) at Cranbourne Lodge, in the Forest; there were his Majesty (44), the Queen (35), Duke (40), Duchess (15), and all the Court. I returned in the evening with Sir Joseph Williamson (40), now declared Secretary of State. He was son of a poor clergyman somewhere in Cumberland, brought up at Queen's College, Oxford, of which he came to be a fellow; then traveled with ... and returning when the King (44) was restored, was received as a clerk under Mr. Secretary Nicholas. Sir Henry Bennett (56) (now Lord Arlington) succeeding, Williamson is transferred to him, who loving his ease more than business (though sufficiently able had he applied himself to it) remitted all to his man Williamson; and, in a short time, let him so into the secret of affairs, that (as his Lordship himself told me) there was a kind of necessity to advance him; and so, by his subtlety, dexterity, and insinuation, he got now to be principal Secretary; absolutely Lord Arlington's creature, and ungrateful enough. It has been the fate of this obliging favorite to advance those who soon forgot their original. Sir Joseph was a musician, could play at Jeu de Goblets, exceedingly formal, a severe master to his servants, but so inward with my Lord O'Brien (32), that after a few months of that gentleman's death, he married his widow (34), who, being sister and heir of the Duke of Richmond, brought him a noble fortune. It was thought they lived not so kindly after marriage as they did before. She was much censured for marrying so meanly, being herself allied to the Royal family.
John Evelyn's Diary 22 July 1679. 22 Jul 1679. Dined at Clapham, at Sir D. Gauden's; went thence with him to Windsor, to assist him in a business with his Majesty (49). I lay that night at Eton College, the Provost's lodgings (Dr. Craddock), where I was courteously entertained.
On 22 Jul 1719 Heneage Finch 1st Earl Aylesford 1649-1719 (70) died. His son Heneage Finch 2nd Earl Aylesford 1683-1757 (36) succeeded 2nd Earl Aylesford. Mary Fisher Countess Aylesford 1690-1740 (29) by marriage Earl Aylesford.
On 12 Aug 1778 Peregrine Bertie 3rd Duke Ancaster and Kesteven 1714-1778 (64) died. His son Robert Bertie 4th Duke Ancaster and Kesteven 1756-1779 (21) succeeded 4th Duke Ancaster and Kesteven, 4th Marquess Lindsay, 7th Earl Lindsey, 20th Baron Willoughby Eresby.
On 08 Jul 1779 Robert Bertie 4th Duke Ancaster and Kesteven 1756-1779 (22) died at Grimsthorpe South Kesteven. His uncle Brownlow Bertie 5th Duke Ancaster and Kesteven 1729-1809 (49) succeeded 5th Duke Ancaster and Kesteven, 5th Marquess Lindsay, 8th Earl Lindsey. His sister Priscilla Barbara Elizabeth Bertie 21st Baroness Willoughby Eresby 1761-1828 (17) succeeded 21st Baron Willoughby Eresby.
On 22 Jul 1779 Robert Bertie 4th Duke Ancaster and Kesteven 1756-1779 (22) was buried at Edenham South Kesteven.
Monument to Peregrine Bertie 3rd Duke Ancaster and Kesteven 1714-1778 (64) and Robert Bertie 4th Duke Ancaster and Kesteven 1756-1779 (21) in Church of St Michael and All Angels Edenham South Kesteven. On the south side by Charles Harris Sculptor 1749-1795 (28). Pointed back panel of black marble before which is a carving of the deceased seated in ducal robes, holding a cameo of the Duchess, beside him stands the fourth Duke in Roman dress. The figures are flanked by urns. The base is carved with flutes and Paterae and to the centre are bronze plates bearing the memorial inscription.
On 22 Jul 1824 Philip Hamond of High House in West Acre in Norfolk 1782-1824 (42) died. On 30 Nov 1847 Anne Packe 1777-1847 (70) died. Memorial in All Saints Church West Acre.
On 22 Jul 1826 Arthur de Vere Capell 1826-1879 was born to Arthur Algernon Capell 6th Earl Essex 1803-1892 (23) and Caroline Janetta Beauclerk Countess Essex 1804-1862 (22).
On 22 Jul 1835 Anthony Maurice William Ashley Cooper 1835-1855 was born to Anthony Ashley Cooper 7th Earl Shaftesbury 1801-1885 (34) and Emily Caroline Catherine Frances Cowper Countess Shaftesbury -1872.
On 22 Jul 1844 Anne Amelia Keppel Countess Leicester 1803-1844 (41) died. St Chad's Church Longford. Monument to Anne Amelia Keppel Countess Leicester 1803-1844 (41). White marble with relief carving of angels. Probably sculpted by John Gibson Sculptor 1790-1866 (54).
On 22 Jul 1846 Algernon St Maur 15th Duke Somerset 1846-1923 was born to Algernon St Maur 14th Duke Somerset 1813-1894 (32) and Horatia Isabella Harriet Morier Duchess Somerset.
On 22 Jul 1852 William Drogo Montagu 7th Duke Manchester 1823-1890 (28) and Louisa Vonalten Duchess Devonshire and Manchester 1832-1911 (20) were married at Hanover Lower Saxony.
On 22 Jul 1869 Cecil George Savile Foljambe 1st Earl Liverpool 1846-1907 (22) and Louise Blanche Howard 1842-1871 (27) were married.
On 22 Jul 1881 Gwendolen Florence Mary Onslow Countess Iveagh 1881-1966 was born to William Onslow 4th Earl Onslow 1853-1911 (28) and Florence Coulston Gardner Countess Onslow 1853-1934 (28).
On 22 Jul 1885 Robert Edward Innes Kerr 1885-1958 was born to James Henry Robert Innes Kerr 7th Duke Roxburghe 1839-1892 (45) and Anne Emily Spencer Churchill Duchess Roxburghe 1854-1923 (30).
On 22 Jul 1896 Anne Frederica Anson Countess Wemyss 1823-1896 (73) died.
On 22 Jul 1909 Rev George Halliley Capron of Southwick 1816-1909 (92) died. Memorial in Church of St Rumbold Stoke Doyle by Fisher of Leicester.