On this Day in History ... 02 December

02 Dec is in December.

1307 Tournament at Wallingford

1529 Henry VIII Creates New Peerages

1551 Trial and Execution of Edward Seymour Duke of Somerset and his Supporters

1688 Glorious Revolution

On 02 Dec 1022 Alfonso "Noble" V King Leon (age 28) and Urraca Jiménez Queen Consort Leon were married. Urraca Jiménez Queen Consort Leon by marriage Queen Consort Leon. She the daughter of García Sánchez "Tremulous" II King Pamplona and Jimena Fernández Bermúdez Queen Consort Pamplona. He the son of Bermudo "Gouty" II King Galicia II King Leon and Elviro Garcia Queen Galicia. They were half first cousins.

Tournament at Wallingford

On 02 Dec 1307 King Edward II of England (age 23) held a tournament to celebrate Piers Gaveston's (age 23) recent wedding. Gaveston (age 23) took the opportunity to humiliate the older nobility including John Warenne 7th Earl Surrey (age 21), Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford 3rd Earl Essex (age 31) and Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel (age 22) further increasing his unpopularity.

After 02 Dec 1307 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall (age 23) exiled as a result of the nobilty forcing King Edward II of England (age 23) to do so.

On 02 Dec 1360 John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Warwick (age 44) died.

Henry VIII Creates New Peerages

On 01 Dec 1529 ...

Andrew Windsor 1st Baron Windsor (age 62) was created 1st Baron Windsor of Stanwell in Buckinghamshire. Elizabeth Blount Baroness Windsor (age 60) by marriage Baroness Windsor of Stanwell in Buckinghamshire.

John Hussey 1st Baron Hussey of Sleaford (age 64) was created 1st Baron Hussey of Sleaford. Anne Grey Baroness Hussey Sleaford by marriage Baroness Hussey of Sleaford.

On 02 Dec 1529 ...

Thomas Wentworth 1st Baron Wentworth (age 28) was created 1st Baron Wentworth 1C 1529. Margaret Fortescue Baroness Wentworth (age 27) by marriage Baroness Wentworth.

Thomas Burgh 7th Baron Cobham 5th Baron Strabolgi 1st Baron Burgh (age 41) was created 1st Baron Burgh. Agnes Tyrwhitt Baroness Cobham, Strabolgi and Burgh (age 48) by marriage Baroness Burgh. This is regarded as a new creation rather than a continuation of the previous creation Baron Burgh since Thomas's father was never summoned to Parliament due to his insanity. Some sources refer to Thomas as the 3rd Baron Burgh.

On 04 Dec 1529 Edmund Braye 1st Baron Braye (age 45) was created 1st Baron Braye.

Trial and Execution of Edward Seymour Duke of Somerset and his Supporters

Chronicle of Greyfriars. 02 Dec 1551. Item the nexte day was the lorde Gray with dyvers other that ware in the tower [Map] was browte unto Westmester unto the starre chamber, and sent home agayne.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 02 Dec 1554. The ij day of Desember dyd com to Powlles all prestes and clarkes with ther copes and crosses, and all the craftes in ther leverey, and my lorde mayre and the althermen, agaynst my lord cardenall('s) (age 54) commyng; and at the bysshopes of London plase my lord chansseler and alle the bysshopes tarehyng for my lord cardenall (age 54) commyng, that was at ix of the cloke, for he landyd at Beynard Castell [Map]; and ther my lord mayre reseyvyd hym, and browgth ym to the Powllse, and so my lord chanseler (age 71) and my lord cardenall (age 54) and all the byshopes whent up in-to the[choir] ]with ther meyturs; and at x of the cloke the Kyng('s) (age 27) grace cam to Powlles to her mase with iiij C. of gaard, on C. Englys, on C. HeAlmen, on C. Spaneards, on C. of Swechenars [Switzers], and mony lords and knyghtes, and hard masse. Boyth the quen('s) chapell and the kynges and Powlles qwer [choir] song.

Note. P. 77. The cardinal's coming to St. Paul's. A fuller account of this solemnity will be found in Stowe, p. 625. Like his predecessor Wolsey, Pole went in procession "with a cross, two pillars, and two poleaxes of silver borne before him."

On 02 Dec 1558 Archibald Campbell 4th Earl Argyll (age 51) died. His son Archibald Campbell 5th Earl Argyll (age 24) succeeded 5th Earl Argyll.

On 02 Dec 1565 Toby Caulfeild 1st Baron Caulfeild was born to Alexander Caulfeild of Great Milton in Oxfordshire.

After 21 Feb 1581. Church of St Peter and St Paul, Exton, Rutlandshire [Map]. Elizabethan Period monument to Robert Keilway (deceased). This memorial is attributed by Pevsner to Nicholas Johnson and by others to Nicholas Stone. Made of various marbles, a large standing wall monument of 1580, richly decorated and with a recumbant and kneeling figures of the whole family, in an aedicule, capped by obelisk, arms, etc.

His son-in-law John Harington 1st Baron Harington (age 41).

His daughter Anne Keilway Baroness Harington (age 27).

His grandson Kelwey who died aged 21 weeks.

His grand-daughter Lucy Harrington Countess Bedford (age 1).

His feet resting on a horse with its head turned back.

A Harpy. The begin to appear at the end of the 16th Century - see All Saints Church, Turvey [Map].

The same armorial on both sides include Harrington Arms, Keilway Arms

His arms quartered 1: Keilway Arms.

A separate wall mounted monument to Robert Keilway (age 84) with the inscription "Here lies Robert Keylway a distinguished esquire among civilians (whilst he lived), renowned for talent, learning and virtue, who loved retirement, lived as a Christian and died in the Lord on the 21st of February 1581 in the year of our Salvation, 1580, and the 84th year of his age. He left Anne (age 27) his sole heiress and only dearly loved daughter married to John Harrington of Exton, Knt (age 41), whom he had always affectionately loved as a son and friend, by which Anne (age 27) the said John (age 41) had during the life of the aforesaid Robert (deceased) two children, a son, Kelwey, who died Dec. 2nd, 1570, 21 weeks old, and lies buried here with his grandfather, and also a daughter Lucy (age 1) still surviving, and may God grant her a long life. To pay, therefore, a just tribute to so dear and affectionate a parent and to leave to posterity an evidence of their deep gratitude, the said John (age 41) and Anne (age 27) have raised this. Monument and dedicated to their father, Keylwey, and their son Keylwey (to their lasting memory if it so please God) and design it, if God will, as a sepulchre for themselves also".

After 02 Dec 1608. St Vincent's Church, Caythorpe [Map]. Memorial to Charles Hussey of Honington (deceased).

Charles Hussey of Honington: Around 1535 he was born to Robert Hussey (age 68) and Jane Stydolf. Before 10 Oct 1585 Charles Hussey of Honington (age 50) and Ellen Birch were married. On 02 Dec 1608 Charles Hussey of Honington (age 73) died.

On 02 Dec 1630 John Carey 2nd Earl Dover (age 22) and Abigail Cockayne Countess Dover (age 20) were married. He the son of Henry Carey 1st Earl Dover (age 50) and Judith Pelham Countess Dover.

Evelyn's Diary. 02 Dec 1666. Dined with me Monsieur Kiviet (age 39), a Dutch gentleman-pensioner of Rotterdam, who came over for protection, being of the Prince of Orange's (age 16) party, now not welcome in Holland. The King (age 36) knighted him for some merit in the Prince's (age 16) behalf. He should, if caught, have been beheaded with Monsieur Buat, and was brother-in-law to Van Tromp, the sea-general. With him came Mr. Gabriel Sylvius, and Mr. Williamson (age 33), secretary to Lord Arlington (age 48); M. Kiviet (age 39) came to examine whether the soil about the river of Thames would be proper to make clinker bricks, and to treat with me about some accommodation in order to it.

On 02 Dec 1680 William Ellis (age 71) died. He was buried at Nocton, North Kesteven where he has a monument attributed to William Stanton (age 41).

William Ellis: In 1609 he was born.

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On 02 Dec 1683 George Verney 20th Baron Latimer 12th Baron Willoughby (age 24) and Margaret Heath Baroness Latimer Baroness Willoughby Broke were married.

Glorious Revolution

Evelyn's Diary. 02 Dec 1688. Dr. Tenison (age 52) preached at St. Martin's [Map] on Psalm xxxvi. 5, 6, 7, concerning Providence. I received the blessed Sacrament. Afterward, visited my Lord Godolphin (age 43), then going with the Marquis of Halifax (age 55) and Earl of Nottingham (age 41) as Commissioners to the Prince of Orange (age 38); he told me they had little power. Plymouth, Devon [Map] declared for the Prince (age 38). Bath [Map], York [Map], Hull [Map], Bristol, Gloucestershire [Map], and all the eminent nobility and persons of quality through England, declare for the Protestant religion and laws, and go to meet the Prince (age 38), who every day sets forth new Declarations against the Papists. The great favorites at Court, Priests and Jesuits, fly or abscond. Everything, till now concealed, flies abroad in public print, and is cried about the streets. Expectation of the Prince (age 38) coming to Oxford [Map]. The Prince of Wales and great treasure sent privily to Portsmouth [Map], the Earl of Dover (age 52) being Governor. Address from the Fleet not grateful to his Majesty (age 55). The Papists in offices lay down their commissions, and fly. Universal consternation among them; it looks like a revolution.

On 02 Dec 1690 John Ernest Saxe Coburg Saalfeld IV Duke Saxe Coburg Saalfeld (age 32) and Charlotte Johanna Waldeck Wildungen Duchess Saxe Coburg Saalfeld were married at Maastricht. She by marriage Duchess Saxe Coburg Saalfeld. He the son of Ernest "The Pious" Saxe Gotha I Duke Saxe Gotha and Elisabeth Sophie Saxe Altenburg Duchess Saxe Gotha.

Evelyn's Diary. 02 Dec 1697. Thanksgiving Day for the Peace, the King (age 47) and a great Court at Whitehall [Map]. The Bishop of Salisbury (age 54) preached, or rather made a florid panegyric, on 2 Chron. ix. 7, 8. The evening concluded with fireworks and illuminations of great expense.


Before 02 Dec 1700 Charles Spencer 3rd Earl of Sunderland (age 25) and Anne Churchill Countess Sunderland (age 17) were married. She the daughter of John Churchill 1st Duke Marlborough (age 50) and Sarah Jennings Duchess Marlborough (age 40). He the son of Robert Spencer 2nd Earl of Sunderland (age 59) and Anne Digby Countess Sunderland (age 54).

On 02 Dec 1723 Philippe Bourbon II Duke Orléans (age 49) died. His son Louis Bourbon Duke Orléans (age 20) succeeded Duke Orléans.


On 02 Dec 1773 James Cecil 1st Marquess Salisbury (age 25) and Mary Amelia Hill Marchioness Salisbury (age 23) were married. She the daughter of Wills Hill 1st Marquess Downshire (age 55) and Margaretta Fitzgerald.

On 02 Dec 1780 Henry St John 13th Baron St John Bletso (age 22) and Emma Maria Elizabeth Whitbread Baroness St John Bletso were married. She by marriage Baroness St John Bletso.

On 02 Dec 1790 John Bourke 1st Earl Mayo (age 90) died. His son John Bourke 2nd Earl of Mayo (age 61) succeeded 2nd Earl Mayo, 2nd Viscount Mayo of Monycrower in Mayo, 2nd Baron Naas of Naas in Kildare. Mary Leeson Countess Mayo (age 56) by marriage Countess Mayo.

On 02 Dec 1792 Joseph Yorke 1st Baron Dover (age 68) died without issue. Baron Dover 2C 1788 extinct. He was buried at St Andrew's Church, Wimpole [Map].

Inscription panel surmounted by a sarcophagus with flanking trophies and small medallions of arms in the apron; signed 'J. Bacon Sculptor (age 52): London 1798'

After 02 Dec 1813 Ellen Thresher Lady Wrey (age 82) was buried at St Peter's Church, Tawstock [Map]. Beneath this Marble are also deposited the earthly Remains of Ellen Lady Wrey (deceased), Relict of Sir Bourchier Wrey Baronet, She died at the venerable Age of eighty, affectionately regretted by her surviving family, and closing on the 2d of December 1813, a Life of habitual piety, active Benevolence & every christian Virtue, in the humble hope, through her Redeemers merits. Immortality.

Ellen Thresher Lady Wrey: In 1731 she was born. In 1755 Bourchier Wrey 6th Baronet (age 40) and Ellen Thresher Lady Wrey (age 24) were married at Corsham, Wiltshire. She by marriage Lady Wrey of Trebitch in Cornwall. On 02 Dec 1813 Ellen Thresher Lady Wrey (age 82) died.

On 02 Dec 1826. Bourchier Wrey 7th Baronet (deceased) was buried at St Peter's Church, Tawstock [Map]. SACRED to the memory of SIR BOURCHIER WREY Baronet, who through life maintained a character equally revered and beloved. Intelligent, upright, and benevolent he discharged with integrity the public duties of his station; whilst in the more amiable relations of society, suavity of manners, and goodness of heart procured him universal esteem. As a friend, he was social and sincere: as a parent, anxious and kind. Thus regarded by all, he expired on the 20th day of November 1826, in the 70th year of his age. He was twice married; first to Anne, the daughter of Sir Robert Palk, Bart. of Haldon House in this county, by whom he left two sons and a daughter. And secondly, to Anne, the daughter of John Osborne Esqre of Monksmill, in the county of Gloucester, by whom also he left one son and a daughter.

Bourchier Wrey 7th Baronet: On or before 23 Feb 1757, the day he was baptised at St Peter's Church, Tawstock, he was born to Bourchier Wrey 6th Baronet (age 43) and Ellen Thresher Lady Wrey (age 26). On 13 Apr 1784 Bourchier Wrey 6th Baronet (age 70) died. His son Bourchier Wrey 7th Baronet (age 27) succeeded 7th Baronet Wrey of Trebitch in Cornwall. On 14 Mar 1786 Bourchier Wrey 7th Baronet (age 29) and Anne Palk Lady Wrey (age 22) were married. She by marriage Lady Wrey of Trebitch in Cornwall. In Jan 1793 Bourchier Wrey 7th Baronet (age 35) and Anne Osborn Lady Wrey (age 30) were married. She by marriage Lady Wrey of Trebitch in Cornwall. On 20 Nov 1826 Bourchier Wrey 7th Baronet (age 69) died. His son Bourchier Wrey 8th Baronet (age 37) succeeded 8th Baronet Wrey of Trebitch in Cornwall.

02 Dec 1861. Statue to Charles William Vane 3rd Marquess Londonderry in Durham Marketplace unveiled on 02 Dec 1861 in a ceremony involving the rifle volunteers of Seaham, Sunderland and Durham City. Among those in attendance was the future prime minister, Benjamin Disraeli (age 56). When the Marquis of Londonderry died in 1854, his widow set up a subscription committee to raise money for a statue of him. The artist commissioned was Rafaelle Monti (age 43).

Rafaelle Monti: In 1818 he was born in Milan. In 1881 Rafaelle Monti (age 63) died.

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On 02 Dec 1905 Thomas William Coke 4th Earl of Leicester (age 25) and Marion Gertrude Trefusis Countess Leicester (age 23) were married. He the son of Thomas William Coke 3rd Earl of Leicester (age 57) and Alice Emily White Countess Leicester (age 50).

On 02 Dec 1909 Algernon Greville-Nugent 2nd Baron Greville (age 68) died. His son Charles Beresford Fulke 3rd Baron Greville (age 38) succeeded 3rd Baron Greville of Clonyn in Westmeath. Olive Agnes Grace Baroness Greville (age 33) by marriage Baroness Greville of Clonyn in Westmeath.

PAINTINGS/BASSANO/Algernon_Capell_2.jpg02 Dec 1910. Bassano Ltd. Photograph of Algernon George de Vere Capell 8th Earl of Essex (age 26), Mary Eveline Stewart Freeman and their son Reginald George de Vere Capell 9th Earl of Essex (age 4).

Mary Eveline Stewart Freeman: She was born to William Russell Stewart Freeman. On 28 Sep 1905 Algernon George de Vere Capell 8th Earl of Essex (age 21) and she were married. He the son of George Capell 7th Earl of Essex (age 47) and Ellenor Harriet Maria Harford. In 1925 Algernon George de Vere Capell 8th Earl of Essex (age 40) and Mary Eveline Stewart Freeman were divorced. On 30 Oct 1955 she died.

The Era 1899 Dec 02 Page 13. 02 Dec 1913. Review of Rip Van Wincle. Produced at the Princess of Wales's Theatre, Kennington, on Monday, Nov. 27th starring Sylvia Storey (age 24) as Little Meenie.

On 02 Dec 1914 John Crichton 4th Earl Erne (age 75) died.

After 02 Dec 1926. Hasting's Chapel St Helen's Church Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Leicestershire [Map]. Monument to Major Hubert James Cecil Rostron (deceased).

Major Hubert James Cecil Rostron: On 14 Feb 1875 he was born to Simpson Rostron of Beddington in Surrey. On 20 Sep 1916 Major Hubert James Cecil Rostron (age 41) and Isabel Jacqueline Rawdon-Hastings (age 29) were married. On 02 Dec 1926 Major Hubert James Cecil Rostron (age 51) died.

On 02 Dec 1958 William Bingham Compton 6th Marquess Northampton (age 73) and Elspeth Grace Whitaker Marchioness Northampton (age 54) were married. She by marriage Marchioness Northampton. He the son of William George Spencer Scott Compton 5th Marquess Northampton and Mary Florence Baring Marchioness Northampton.